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Article: Badhaka - I

Lecture on Badhaka delivered in the SJC West Coast conference, USA

The Bdhaka
Concept
Sometimes there is considerable obstruction to whatever we do and no good work is accomplished. The fate seems to be obstructed and in spite of constant prodding, the obstruction persists. Bdhaka means obstruction and this can take various forms from a simple irritant at times to terrible incurable diseases.

Rsi Bdhaka (Obstruction by Sign)


Every sign has a sign of obstruction called Bdhaka Rsi and its lord is called Bdhakesa<!--[if ! supportFootnotes]-->[1]<!--[endif]-->. This is given in Table A7-1. For example, if the Lagna is Gemini, then the Bdhaka sign is Sagittarius and its Lord Jupiter becomes the Bdhakesa. Table 1: Bdhaka Sign Rsi Aries Taurus Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo Libra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricorn Aquarius Pisces Bdhaka Rsi Aquarius Capricorn Sagittarius Taurus Aries Pisces Leo Cancer Gemini Scorpio Libra Virgo Bdhakesa Rahu & Saturn Saturn Jupiter Venus Mars Jupiter Sun Moon Mercury Ketu & Mars Venus Mercury

The list of Bdhaka Rsi is very systematic and can easily be remembered. Thus, for Movable, Fixed & Dual Signs the sign of obstruction (Bdhaka) is the 11th, 9th, & 7th house respectively.

The 22nd Drekkana: Khra The lord of the 22nd Drekkana is the Khresa and can cause Bdhaka effects i.e. can cause obstructions and activate the Bdhakesa and other evils. Other views Harihara (Prasna Mrga) cities two other theories for determination of the houses of harm or bdhaka rsi (table-2). There is yet another view which states that planets in kendra to the bdhaka rsi shall also be bdhaka signs. This view is not acceptable to most astrologers. Instead based on the principle of Paraspara Karaka (i.e. doing each others job when the planets/signs are placed in mutual quadrants) the planets placed kendra to the bdhaka shall act as its cooperators and can instigate the bdhaka into tormenting the native. Table 2: Bdhaka rsi -II Sign All Movable sign Leo/ Virgo/ Scorpio/ Sagittarius Capricorn Gemini/Pisces House of harm Aquarius Scorpio Taurus Sagittarius.

Wrath of the Deity


The wrath of the deity is to be judged based on various factors. As indicated, the 12th house from the tmkraka is the place of the Ista Devat and it is from the 12th house from the Bdhakesa that the past life history of maintenance of the deity is to be deciphered. If the Bdhakesa in an adverse place and afflicted, and if a Malefic planet is placed in the 12th house from the Bdhakesa, the indications are that the worshipped image has been mutilated. This brings the wrath of the deity signified by the Bdhakesa. Depending on the malefic<!--[if ! supportFootnotes]-->[2]<!--[endif]--> planet/ Upagraha<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[3]<!-[endif]--> involved, the following can be inferred: 1. If Gulika/ Rahu: Indicates a curse of the Serpent deity or a serpent having touched the

image of the deity has made it very impure. 2. 3. If Saturn: Pollution /dirt on the image/ temple. If Mars: disputes /bad management of worship/ image/ temple etc.

Table 3: Planets & deities

Planet Sun

Placement

Deity

All signs except 1st & 2nd Drekkana of Lord Siv Dual signs 1st Drekkana of Dual signs 2nd Drekkana of Dual signs Krtikeya Ganesa Durg Kali Camuni Male Deities like Kartikeya & Bhairava Camuni, Bhadrakali Sri Vishnu avatar Sri Krishna Mahvishnu or Nryana (planet associating changes this as Jupiter governs divinity in general)

Moon

Strong Weak Martian signs (Aries & Scorpio)

Mars

Odd signs Even Signs

Mercury

Movable & Dual signs 1st & 2nd Drekkana of fixed sign

Jupiter

All signs

Fault determination Depending on the placement of the Bdhakesa<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[4]<!--

[endif]-->, a) If the Bdhakesa is in Lagna and associates with evil planets, then it is the idol, which has

been mutilated. If Mars aspects/ joins Badhakesh: breaking idol, image or any sacred object associated with the deity. A fresh idol has to be installed in a temple. If Saturn, Gulika or Rahu associate, pollution and dirt have made the idol impure. If Sun associates, then it is due to birds. b) If the Bdhakesa is in the fourth house, then the temple is either broken/ dilapidated

(Mars affliction) and needs repairs, or has been forgotten or unclean (Saturn/Rahu) and needs to be sanctified. c) If the Bdhakesa is in the 2nd or 11th house, then the deitys wealth has been stolen or

misappropriated. This property is either Dhatu<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[5]<!--[endif]->(Inanimate object), Moola (grains, trees, lands etc) or Jeeva (Men, Animals etc) depending on the Lagna as being movable, fixed or dual if unoccupied. If a planet occupies Lagna, then Mercury and Jupiter signify Jeeva, Sun & Venus signify Moola and the others (Moon, Mars, Saturn & Rahu) signify Dhatu. Similarly, the stars reckoned from Aswini are in the order of Dhatu, Moola & Jeeva. d) Similarly, inferences can be made from the other houses.

Depending on the Lord of the sign occupied by Bdhakesa<!--[if !supportFootnotes]--

>[6]<!--[endif]-->, the Tatva (Element) signified shall indicate the following: Table 4 Dispositor 1 2 3 4 5 Sun/Mars Venus/moon Mercury Jupiter Saturn Element Agni (Fire) Jala (Water) Prithvi (Earth) Akash (Ether) Vayu (Air) Remedy Lamp, Candle Milk, Ghee, Sweetmeats etc. Sandalwood paste, perfumed oils etc. Flowers, garland Dhoop, Dress, Ornaments etc.

Remedial Measures In case it is inferred that there is ample evidence of the wrath of the deity, then the remedy should be suggested based on the placement of the Bdhakesa in different houses from Lagna as given in Table 4 and the planet associated as given in Table 5. Table 5: Bdhaka in House House Posture 1 2 3 Standing Riding Sitting<!--[if ! supportFootnotes]->[7]<!--[endif]--> 4 5 Sleeping Standing Dhma Santarpana Renovation of temple. Presentation of oil/gifts, clothes etc. 6 Walking Prathikara Bali Remedial offerings & dedication 7 Dancing Nritya Dances<!--[if ! supportFootnotes]->[8]<!--[endif]--> to be performed for deity 8 Sleeping Bhoota Bali or Worship of the Tatwa<!--[if ! Remedy Transliteration Pratibimbadana Japa Pja Translation Gift of idol or picture Mantra Japa Worship

Pooja

supportFootnotes]->[9]<!--[endif]-->

9 10

Standing Crawling

Devopasana

Worship of Dharma Devata

Danti-Skanda Bali Bali Karma or Pooja for or Pooja Ganesha (or Subramanya/ Kartikeya)

11

Sitting<!--[if ! supportFootnotes]->[10]<!--[endif]-->

Tarpana

Ritual offerings & Dedication

12

Sleeping

Gitam-Vadya

No affliction. (But music & song may be offered).

Table Planet/

6: Obstruction by Planets Remedy Transliteration Devaradhana, Sankhabhishek & Dana Translation Worship of deity Abhishek using a conch & donation of rice & water<!--[if !supportFootnotes]->[11]<!--[endif]-->

Dispositor Sun Moon

Mars Mercury

Deepa Samarpan & Havan Illumination & Fire sacrifice Nritya karma Arranging festivals & dances for the deity

Jupiter

Dwija Bhojanam

Service & feeding of Brahmins, priests & learned persons; offering ornaments etc.

Venus

Rogasyamanaayannam Pradeyam

Feeding the public and sick people.

Saturn

Neechanamnadanam

Feeding the poor and oppressed persons.

Chart

1: Schizophrenia

In this chart Jupiter is debilitated in both rsi and navmsa and is also retrograde indicating the wrath of the deva is likely to occur and if it does, it will be impossible to obtain relief due to the retrogression (cesht bala) of Jupiter. The lagna is Virgo (dual sign) and the seventh house (Pisces) is the bdhaka sign with Jupiter its lord, becoming the bdhakesa. The twelfth house from Jupiter is aspected by Mars indicating that an idol of the deity has been broken. The nodes also aspect Sagittarius (the 12th house from bdhakesa) by rsi drishti indicating that the terrible wrath of the deity. This anger symbolized by the nodes and Mars constitutes unbroken sarpa yoga (indicating that the native shall be entangled in poverty and health problems) and Pisaca bdhaka as well (Ketu in quadrants with Mars aspecting lagna). The magnitude of the anger should be judged in this manner based on the evil yoga formed by the evil planets aspecting the 12th house from the bdhakesa. Every dark cloud has a silver lining and here we find a fine dharmakarmdhipati yoga involving the lords of the ninth and tenth houses as well as the lagna and second houses. The involvement of the fifth lord Saturn with this yoga indicates the blessings of fine children who will prosper. The native lost his mental balance following a fire incident (Jupiters ire is always indicated by fires and religious hatred). He became raving mad and inspite of the best medical attention, he did not recover. It was a fortunate turn of fate when a nice lady decided to marry him and bore him two sons. For thirty years his spouse has nursed him and cared for his children. Inspite of his mental health, he worked as an engineer in the government and took premature retirement when he could no longer work under the heavy dose of the medicine.

The deity indicated by Jupiter is Mahvishnu (Jaganntha) and remedy was reciting the Nryana Kavaca and offering clothes and other gifts at a temple. It was not possible for him to do this as lunacy prevented him from any coherent effort in this direction.

Wrath of Sarpa Deva


Rahu in 4, 6, 7, 8, 10 or 12 houses requires propitiation. If Rahu is connected in any way with Bdhakesa, these remedial measures are compulsory. If Jupiter associates with the Bdhakesa and is placed in a dusthna<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[12]<!--[endif]-->and if Rahu is in a quadrant from Jupiter, then the curse is from superior or divine serpents. If Gulika is in quadrants instead of Rahu, then these are inferior serpents. If the Sun associates with Rahu, then the serpents are beneficial and essentially intent in long term good, while the Moon associating with Rahu shows evil-minded serpents intent on causing disaster. The following remedies have been prescribed in the Prasna Marga and other traditional texts: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Rahu in 6th, 8th, 10th or Bdhaka House: Sarpa Bali as per prescribed texts. Rahu in 4th House: Installation of image of Sarpa Devat or dedicate a Chitra Kuta stone Rahu in 12th House: Music & singing. Rahu in first house: Sprinkling milk (Tarpana) over the abode of serpents or over an image of the Snake God (Nagaraja /Vasuki) in a temple. Rahu in seventh House: Dancing and devotional songs. Rahu in dual sign: dedicate a small serpent made of gold or copper (symbolic of the baby snakes killed) Rahu in movable sign: small eggs of gold or silver be offered (symbolic of the broken eggs of the snakes) Rahu in fixed sign: Plant trees (Symbolic of the replacement of the destroyed ant hills and abodes of the serpents). Chart 2: Young brilliant astrologer

Generally astrologers should look for the affliction of nodes in their charts as both Rahu & Ketu give good knowledge of astrology when in trines to navmsa lagna indicating that these planets are being invoked when charts are being examined. Affliction from the nodes can cause severe problems for astrologers and it is mandatory for Jyotisha to check sarpa dosa in their charts. In the chart lagna is Scorpio (fixed sign) and bdhaka house is the ninth house Cancer as per standard rules given earlier. Bdhakesa Moon does not conjoin Jupiter or Sun indicating that neither divine serpents nor good/beneficial serpents are involved. Instead, the Moon is the bdhakesa and dispositor of Rahu (causes association with Moon) and shows evil-minded serpents intent on causing disaster. We also find the presence of a kla amrita yoga (sister of the terrible kla sarpa yoga) indicating a spiritual and good person who may have to see considerable suffering on account of the planets being in the grasp of the nodes. Rahu is not in 4, 6, 7, 8, 10 or 12 houses. Since Rahu is placed in the bdhaka house, the remedial measures are compulsory. On the other hand, we find that Rahu placed in bdhaka house is aspecting the Sun placed in lagna indicating that some superior serpents shall also help him due to some good karma of a past incarnation. This may manifest in the form of learning subjects like astrology and the occult sciences. It also indicates Kunalini yoga or spiritual awakening due to Sri Dakshinmurti or Sri Datttreya. Bdhakesa Moon is placed in the eleventh house indicating misappropriation of the deitys wealth. To determine the nature of the wealth we need to see the lagna and here we find the Sun placed indicating mula (grain, trees or lands). We infer that the native took over lands occupied by snakes by breaking their eggs (Rahu in movable signs) and dwelling places. The fact that the dwelling places were destroyed is seen from the presence of Mars in the 12th house

from the bdhakesa Moon and that they were made unfit for the serpents to live is indicated by Saturn conjoining the Moon. Planets in kendra to the bdhakesa shall cooperate with it. We find the Venus and Saturn in kendra to the Moon and these can indicate the sources that will instigate the trouble in the life of the native. Lord of the 22nd drekkana is Mercury and it is the lord of the sign bdhakesa is placed in. That is not sufficient condition for instigation when other more serious factors exist. Rahu is also the tmakraka indicating that the birth is due to these sins/wrath of the sarpa devat. The native shall be very spiritual and shall learn to be totally honest and he cannot cheat others although he shall be cheated by others. Remedial measures recommended -

Donate nine (Rahu in 9th house) gold eggs at a Siv linga and pray for forgiveness [one time]; Sprinkle milk (abhiseka) on Nagaraja, the snake god at a Siv temple (Sun in lagna aspected by Rahu) to bring the blessings of the superior serpents [every year on birthday-janma tithi];

Donate some trees or land; Worship Sri Balabhadra sincerely everyday.

Wrath of Parents
The Bdhaka sign should be Aries/ Scorpio (indicating the anger/ fire of Mars) to show the presence of a curse. The Sun (natural significator of father) should be in this Bdhaka sign in Rsi or Navmsa to show the curse of father. Similarly, the Moon (natural significator of mother) should be in the aforementioned Bdhaka sign to show the curse of Mother. The Bdhakesa associated with Leo & with Mars/Saturn shows the anger/sorrow of the father or some paternal elder respectively. The Bdhakesa associated with Cancer & with Mars/Saturn shows the anger/sorrow of the mother or some maternal elder respectively. The 6th lord in 9th house or 9th lord in 12th house or the Sun in the sixth shows the displeasure of father. Similarly, the 6th lord in 4th house or 4th lord in 12th house or the Moon in the 6th house shows the displeasure of mother. Serve your parents if they are alive. Perform Shraddh or work for some elderly persons in the memory of your parents if they are dead. Mars so placed shows the curse of brother, Venus of spouse etc. The ritual called Tila homa can be performed if the parent is dead. Chart 3: Fathers ire

In this chart lagna is Pisces and the bdhaka sign is Virgo and bdhakesa is Mercury. The Sun is the sixth lord placed in lagna and aspects the bdhaka sign and is also placed in Scorpio navmsa (ruled by Mars). Thus one of the conditions for the anger of father is fulfilled. The ninth lord Mars is in the 12th house with the bdhakesa Mercury. Yet another dictum is fulfilled. Since the Sun is in lagna the native earned the anger of father (from childhood itself) for various acts related to girlfriends and later due to umpteen misunderstandings related to his marriage proposals and possible spouses, life pattern etc. He could never see eye to eye with his father on any matter. Saturn & Ketu conjoin in the eleventh house indicating that he shall not perform the last rites of his father and that such a misdeed can be the cause of his misfortune. Chart 4: Emperor Aurangzeb

The great Mogul Empire has one issue of infamy and that relates to the regular ascension to power by a son after slaying the heir apparent and/or father or imprisoning them. Let us examine the chart of emperor Aurangzeb for classic combinations in this regard. The lagna is Aquarius (fixed sign) and the bdhaka sign is Libra the ninth house lorded by Venus (bdhakesa). The planet causing rjayoga is the Sun as it is debilitated in rsi and exalted in navmsa thereby causing nicabhanga rjayoga. Such a Sun, which promises him rjayoga, is also placed in the bdhaka sign in Aries navmsa (ruled by Mars). Thus, one of the conditions for the wrath of father is fulfilled. Aurangzeb killed his brothers and imprisoned his father (till death) and grabbed the Mogul Empire. Nicabhanga rjayoga and ire of father functioned simultaneously. Of course the question of remedy normally arises when people perceive that they are going to lose something on account of wrath of devas/parents. If instead they are foolish enough to think that the apparent material gains (like that of an empire by Aurangzeb) is worthwhile even if father has to spend the remaining days in a dungeon, then god help their souls.

Preta Bdhaka (Spirits of the dead)


If the funeral ceremonies or annual rites called Shraddh of the dead are not performed, then, it is believed that such a dead person remains in the form of a Pisaca & affects relations. The presence of Gulika/ Ketu in the Bdhaka sign shows the danger. The malefic associating with Gulika shows the cause of death of the Pisaca.

If Gulika/ Ketu is in any manner associated with Mars by conjunction, aspect or is placed in Aries or Scorpio, it shows sudden death or accident, burns, weapons, smallpox etc.

If instead of Mars, the association was with Saturn, misery & poverty may be the cause of death.

Rahu associating with Gulika shows snakebite and other deadly poisons.

Similarly, the sign<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[13]<!--[endif]--> occupied by Gulika/Ketu show the sex of the Pisaca. If Gulika associates with the 4th house or lord in some manner, then the Pisaca is related to the family, if not, then it is from outside. The astottariamsa<!--[if ! supportFootnotes]-->[14]<!--[endif]--> is the age of the Preta/Pisaca. Other details can be learnt from standard texts. Remedies include Parvana Shraddh, Tila Homa etc. Depending on the affliction, Pja/mantra of Ugra Devat should be prescribed.

Drishti Bdhaka (Evil eye)


The evil eye has been classified as three kinds of demons. Their names are always Kamas as the evil eye is causes by desire (Kma). 1. Ranthu Kamas causes worries and is indicated by the Bdhakesa in Lagna or associating with Lagna Lord and Gulika. Hanthu Kamas is intent on killing, and is seen by the association of the Bdhakesa with the 6th or 8th house or its lord and the Lagna or Lagna lord. Relief comes from the aspecting benefic planet. 3. Bali Kamas desires some form of Bali (sacrificial offering). This is indicated by Rahu /Gulika is in 4th, 5th, 7th or 8th house. If 6th lord conjoins /aspects, the problem is due to enemys action. Always look for a natural benefic planet in quadrants to the Rahu/ Gulika or aspecting or associating with the Bdhaka. Gemstones of the benefic planet should be worn and the deities indicated should be worshipped and given offerings.

2.

Abhicara (Black magic)


Indications of black magic are: 1. 2. 3. Bdhakesa association with 6th house or lord, or 6th lord in 1st, 7th, or 12th house as Mars occupies as aspects Lagna. Ketu is 1st, 4th, or 10th as Mars aspect Lagna.

Position of Gulika indicates this stuff used for black magic. Mritunjaya Japa, Ganapati or Tila Homa indicates the relief. The basic motive for black magic is driving the enemy away from the locality, kill him or cause Lunacy<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[15]<!--[endif]-->. Anything can be done against him like giving him food (polluted)/burying material inside his house etc. Chart 5: Multiple combinations

She left her birth place and went to Saudi for job in April'1999 and came back to Australia in Sept'2000. She started seeing a muslim boy in August 1999 and was engaged to him on the 21st Oct 1999 but ultimately the marriage did not take place. Around July'1999, while in Saudi Arabia, she started seeing ghosts and spirits. She feels that a woman, who had threatened her earlier on account of relationship jealousy - used black magic against her. She miscarried a child in April 2000 and then gave birth to a daughter in April 2001 in Australia. While in Saudi Arabia she had a lot of lucid dreams of snakes. This lady is reported to have very high passion that leads her into various relationships and subsequent troubles. She is not happy with her own passion and feels guilty about it. Sarpa yoga: The lagna is Capricorn (movable sign) and the bdhaka rsi is the eleventh house Scorpio owned by Mars and co-owned by Ketu. The lagna kendra has three malefic planets Rahu, mars and Ketu and does not have any benefic planet indicating the presence of unbroken Sarpa yoga. Such natives will be very passionate and shall also suffer from financial hardships and many troubles on account of such relationships. They will be entangled in these affirs like in the coils of a serpent and shall suffer consequently. Remedy: Rahu in first house indicates that sprinkling milk (tarpana) over the abode of serpents or over an image of the snake god (Ngarja /Vasuki) in a temple should help curtail the problems from the Sarpa yoga. Abhicara/black magic: The sixth (and ninth) lord Mercury is exalted and involved in a dharmakarmdhipati yoga with the yoga karaka Venus. Venus gets nicabhanga as (1) Mercury is exalted and conjoins it and (2) mercury is in a quadrant from the Moon. There is no association between the bdhakesa and the sixth lord either in rsi or navmsa. Mars is in lagna but the sixth lord is not in 1st, 7th or 12th house nor associated with bdhakesa. Pisaca bdhaka exists as Ketu is in a quadrant and Mars is in lagna but then Ketu is not in 1st, 4th or 10th houses to cause black magic. Thus we may infer that this is not a case of black magic.

Drishti Bdhaka (Evil eye): The bdhakesa Mars is in lagna and associates with Rahu and Gulika confirming that she shall suffer from drishti bdhaka (evil eye) caused by kma (desire). The specific form is called Ranthu kma and Hanthu or Bali kma are not present in the chart. Gulika is in a female sign and navmsa indicating that the evil eye shall be that of a lady/female. The navmsa of Gulika is Taurus indicating that jealousy caused by love affair or such related matter shall be the real motivation. However, Hanthu kma cannot kill and the intention is to cause lots of troubles. We can infer that her statement about a lady threatening her because of a relationship related issue and using some evil eye incantations against her is true although such act is not with the intention to kill. The magic used is not abhicara (black magic) but is some incantations or such rituals of a rudimentary level. The dream of snakes indicates trouble from enemies and confirms this reading. Preta bdhaka: Ketu in a quadrant aspected by bdhakesa Mars that conjoins Gulika indicates that the last rites of a near relative (a lady) were not performed and she probably died of poison or some sudden death. Such a preta bdhaka is causing some terrible experiences. Remedy: Mrityunjaya mantra japa is the best panacea against all evils.

Remedial measures
Jupiter<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[16]<!--[endif]--> & ninth lord help /protect. A natural benefic in the ninth or ninth Lord in strength in a quadrant or Jupiter in Lagna/aspecting Lagna are a few of the combinations for protection. If malefic are in quadrant to them, they will strongly block the efficacy. The ninth Lord can also be the Lord of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 & 12 houses respectively. For example, if the ninth Lord is also Lord of second house then, start the remedial process by worshipping the Kula devat. If any planet conjoined or aspected by a natural benefic or a natural benefic itself, is in Lagna, then the deity indicated by the planet shall surely protect the person. If the ninth Lord associates with the Bdhaka House or Bdhakesa, then the deity he worshipped in his previous birth has been neglected, thereby leading to misfortune and troubles. If the fourth Lord is associated with the Bdhaka House or Bdhakesa, then it is the Grama Devat. If the second Lord associates with the Bdhaka House or Bdhakesa, then it is the Kula Devat. Advise resumption of worship immediately.

Class work
Chart 6: Assignment#01

Q1: Is there sarpa bdhaka in this chart? If so what is the nature of the sarpa and what are the remedies? Q2: Is there any other bdhaka? Q3: Native claims that black magic was done against him in 1975-77. Is this true? Chart 7:Assignment#02

Q1: Did this native suffer from the machinations of an enemy? If so then was black magic used?

Q2: He developed leukoderma (a skin disorder, of unknown cause, characterized by patches of unpigmented skin) all of a sudden and attributes this to black magic done against him. Is this true or is some other bdhaka causing this problem?

Om Tat Sat
<!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [1]<!--[endif]--> Badhak means obstruction and Isa means the Lord. Thus, Badhakesh refers to the Lord of the sign of obstruction. Another synonym for Badhak is Vighna and for Badhakesh is Vighnesha which refers to Ganesha, the remover of obstacles. That is why Ganesha is always worshipped before commencing any prayer or Pooja. The twelve names of Ganesha (given by Narada Muni) as given in the Ganesha Yantra (Fig 5-6) remove the obstrction from the twelve signs. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [2]<!--[endif]--> In this case, the natural malefic planets are Rahu, Saturn and Mars only. The non-luminous Upagraha Gulika is also to be considered in these matters. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [3]<!--[endif]--> Non Luminous points in the Zodiac that are akin to the Graha, hence the name Upagraha. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [4]<!--[endif]--> Ref: Prasna Marga (Chapter 15 Sloka 11) <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [5]<!--[endif]--> literally Dhatu means metal, but in the broader sense refers to inanimate objects. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [6]<!--[endif]--> Ref: Prasna Marga (Chapter 15 Sloka 12) <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [7]<!--[endif]--> Seated on Throne or with spouse etc. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [8]<!--[endif]--> Dancing with the Mahamantra is considered very auspicious, especially if the seventh house from Lagna is associated in any manner with the Badhakesh. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [9]<!--[endif]--> The rulership of the Tatwa (elements) have already been indicated in the Table A7-4. For example, if the Badhakesh is in Leo ruled by the Sun, the Fire element is vitiated. If this also happens to be the 8th house, then the lamp has to be offered to the deity (Bhoota Bali) or the Holy Fire has to be worshipped with the relevant mantra like Om Hum Rum Chaitanyayai Namah (Bhoota Pooja). <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [10]<!--[endif]--> Yogic Posture is generally indicated. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [11]<!--[endif]--> Social service like making free drinking water outlets etc.

<!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [12]<!--[endif]--> the 6th, 8th or 12th house <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [13]<!--[endif]--> Study determination of sex from Crux of Vedic Astrology, Sanjay Rath. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [14]<!--[endif]--> 108th Division of a sign. If in the beginning, young age and if in the end of the sign, old age is indicated. <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [15]<!--[endif]--> See L.R. Chowdharis Yantra & Tantra <!--[if !supportFootnotes]--> [16]<!--[endif]--> In general Jupiter represents Mahvishnu or Jaganntha.