You are on page 1of 7

Pad Batch Pad Batch

The process removes salt from the effluent. Pad-dry thermofixing process. 100 % cotton. The first of these requires the smallest machine range. Only through close co-operation between the textile finisher. machine maker and chemicals industries. personel problems and cheap imports are just a few of the diffuculties to be over come. eg. using reactive dyestuffs.COLD PAD BATCH DYEING ECONOMY and ECOLOGY ECONOMY and ECOLOGY in CONTINUOUS DYEING of COTTON FABRICS USING REACTIVE DYES The textile finishing industry is faced with more or less the same problems world-wide. can these problems be addressed. Cold pad batch dyeing is a more enviromentally sound and higher quality dyeing method for woven and knitted cotton/viscose fibers. Pad batch or CPB process. This article details a success in the field of continuous dyeing of cellulose fibres using reactive dyestuffs achieved as a result of this type of co-operation. reduces the use of water. Environmental protection regulations (waste water and exhaust air) energy consumption. reduces the volume of effluent and occupiess less space on the production floar. . whilst the other three demand more or less complex ranges. E-control process. PROCESS There are presently three main processes in use world wide for continuous dyeing of woven cellulosic fabrics. energy.

30 . Low amount of effluent. Dyed lab. No salt residue in effluent water.40 % less. Dwelling area should be air conditioned and kept 3 . samples should be kept at thesame temperature of production dwelling area-best in dwelling salon. Batch rotation should be around 5 .10 rpm. padder and batching area should be away from sun shine. Lab.25 litter.23 °C .Benefits of CPB dyeing can be summented as follows. Low steam consumption. Lab. chemical fumes. Ideal temperature is around 22 .0 kg salt per kg of fabric. 50 percent less. . Padding through should have small volume of 15 . Improved fabric quality. two water cooled cylinder should be available. POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED Machinery and Production Area.5 °C above padder temp. air current. Reduced labor cost. padder should be also horizondal and liquor should be placed between the nips of cylinders. Relatively low cost of equipment. Padding trough should be clad in a cooling jacket to maintain a constant liquor temperature. Conventional exhaust dyeing system emits up to 1. Laboratory Padding cylinders should be horizontally mounted. Dye/alkali supplying pump should run always at 4/1 ratio and be checked regularly. Less surface area. Low electricty requirement. For the cooling front and back side of entering fabric.

Fabric should be uniformly dried and cooled down prior to padding. narrow and tighter woven fabric.100 g/L. EXOLINE PAD: This chemical increases the pick-up the fabric resulting uniform and tailing free dyeing.FABRIC Fabrics should be uniformly bleached. ANTISIL ACC or ECO: In order to diminish calcium and silicate deposition on the fabric and cylinders. EXOLINE PAD is particularly advised for light. Application amount is 1 . and if possible mercerized. Half of the amount is supplied into dye dissolving tank prior toss sprinkling. Absorbancy should be high and be same along width of fabric. . foamless. Rest is supplied into stock dye solution to cool down the temperature. DYE Dyes should have high solubility at room temperature water. E WET NDG: For uniform absorbtion of dye along with fabric.3 g/L. Usage amount is 5 . Dyes should have similar reactivity to obtain excellent reproducibility.10 g/L. Dyes should have higher alkali satbility to prevent hydrolyzation. ANTISIL ACC/ECO is a strong sequestering and dispersing chemical. Consumption amount is 50 . Usage amount is 1 . Fabric stitching should not be overlapped. CHEMICALS Urea: As an excellent hydrofobic chemical. E WET CNT is a power full. Dyes should have similar substantivity in order to prevent tailing. urea is preferred to disolve the reactive dyes.3g/L. alkali resistant penetratior. It is silicon antifoam free. due to its endothermic nature.

NaOH/Silicate amount.30 30 .40 Be' 38 .3 g/L 5 .70 >60 NaOH.40 Bé.40 Be' 50 95 20 20 23 23 26 26 30 30 34 34 37 37 .10 g/L ( if necessery) 50 .3 g/L 1 . By increasing dosage amount.50 50 . Silicate Baume Silicate ml/L Dye g/L <20 20 . Normally 50 ml or 95 ml used but in tropical conditions 110 ml is preferred.100 g/L -- B/A proportion is 4/1 and regulated by dosage pump. Silicate gravity is 38 .60 60 .Silicate: Silicate is used as hydroltic stabilizer of dyes in alkaline medium with NaOH. Recipe : A B NaOH Silicate E WET NDG ANTISIL ACC/ECO EXOLINE PAD Urea Dye 1 . stability is promoted but fabric hardness and silicate sedimentation on cylinders is inevitable. ( 38 Be') ml/L 38 .

5 4. Chamber 50 °C 2. Chamber 50 °C pH 8 .16 20 . Chamber 98 °C EXOLINE 3025 5.24 Extension of dwelling time has no effect on the tone or yield of Kimsoline dyes. In the first 2 . Dwelling time varies according to the chemical reaction group of dye. Chamber 95 °C 6. Turquoise Batching Time.5. Chamber 40 °C 2 ml/L . 7 . Chamber 98 °C 7.8. WASHING For effecient washing of CPB dyed fabrics. to remove Silicate and to drop the pH 8 . Chamber 70 °C 8. Dye Group Vinyl sulfon Bifunctional Phthalocyanın. Temperature in these tanks should not be above. 50 °C.3 tank. Chamber 50 °C 3.DWELLING TIME Batching area should be conditioned kept at 3 .8 chamber washing tank is sufficient. excess amount water is used. If pH does not drop or washing machine is short. it is wiser to wash rest of the chambers at 50 °C and in the second pass at boiling temperature.8.5 °C above the padder temperature. h 6-8 12 . 1.

Light Shades Eksative Yellow HFL Eksative Red HFL Eksative Blue HFL Eksative Grey HFL Medium-Dark Shades Bestcom Range Eksative DBR Range Additionally Eksative Turquoise HFG Eksative Brill. we prefer Kimsoline bifunctional reactive dyes for CPB dyeing reproducibility ratio is much higher and washing off property is superior.KIMSOLINE DYES FOR CPB SYSTEM Since alkaline stability of vinyl sulfon dyes is rather low. We recommend the following Kimsoline range for CPB dyeing. Blue Rsp Eksative Black Dyes Solubility of Blue Rsp and Turquoise HF-G is superior in presence of alkali. .