Lesson 18: Tax Deducted at Source

Lesson Objectives
On completion of this lesson, you will learn how to Configure Tax Deducted at Source in Tally.ERP 9 Record TDS Transactions Generate TDS Reports and Challans

Tax deducted at source is one of the modes of collecting Income-tax from the assessees. Such collection of tax is effected at the source when income arises or accrues. Hence, where any specified type of income arises or accrues to any one, the Income-tax Act enjoins on the payer of such income to deduct a stipulated percentage of such income by way of Income-tax and pay only the balance amount to the recipient of such income. The tax so deducted at source by the payer has to be deposited in the Government treasury to the credit of Central Government within the specified time. The tax so deducted from the income of the recipient is deemed to be payment of Income-tax by the recipient at the time of his assessment. The person responsible for deducting Tax at source is liable to issue a certificate to the person from whom the tax is deducted, so that the person can submit the same to Income Tax authorities.

18.1 Basic concepts of TDS
It is important to understand some of the terminologies & concepts of TDS : Scope and Applicability At present, incomes from several sources are subjected to tax deduction at source. Some of such income which are subject to T.D.S. are : Salary Interest on securities, Debentures

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Deemed Dividend Interest other than interest on securities Winnings from Lottery or Crossword Puzzles Winnings from horse races Payment to contractors (Other than Advertisement) Payment to contractors (Advertisement Contractors) Payment to Sub-contractors Payments to non-residents Payment to non-resident Sportsmen or Sports Association Payment in respect of deposit under NSS Payment on Account of Re-purchase of Units by Mutual Fund or UTI Payments in Respect of Units to an Offshore Fund Payment of Compensation on Acquisition of Immovable Property Insurance Commission Commission etc. on sale of Lottery tickets Commission, brokerage etc Rent of Land, Building or Furniture Rent of Plant, Machinery or Equipment Royalty Agreement is MAde on Or After June 1, 2005 Short-Term Capital Gains U/s 111A Fees for professional or technical services Fees for Tech. Services Agreement is Made on Or After June 1, 2005 Income in Respect of Units of Non-Residents Income from foreign currency bonds or shares of Indian company Income of Foreign Institutional Investors From Securities Income From Foreign Exchange Assets Payable to an Indian Citizen Income by Way of Long Term Capital Gains Referred to in Section 115E Any other Interest on Securities Interest on 8% Savings (Taxable) Bonds, 2003 What is TAN? TAN is the Tax Deduction Account Number issued by the Income-tax Department to all persons deducting tax at source. TAN has to be quoted in all relevant challans, tax deduction certificates, TDS returns and other notified documents. To obtain TAN, all persons or organisations are required to apply in Form 49B to the TIN Facilitation Centres of NSDL.

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Who has to Deduct Tax ? Any person making the payments to third parties as specified in scope and applicability section are required to deduct tax at source. Who is a Deductee ? As per Income Tax Act, the Tax will be deducted at source based on the prescribed rate on payments made to the third parties, who are Assessees (includes individual & HUF as covered U/ S 44AB) carrying on business of following types. Such Tax will be deducted at time of payment or credit, whichever is earlier. Individual Hindu undivided Family (HUF) Body of Individual (BOI) Association of person (AOP) Co-Operative society Local Authority Partnership firm Domestic company (Indian company) Foreign company Artificial Judicial Person

18.2 Configuring TDS in Tally.ERP 9
The TDS module in Tally.ERP 9 is integrated with financial accounts and takes care of all the TDS and eTDS requirements of your business, right from voucher entry to report generation. Tally.ERP 9 completely automates your TDS management and accurately computes Tax to be deducted at source & TDS payable amount, TDS payment challans, TDS Certificates, Statutory Returns and other related MIS reports. Its eTDS features further assist you to file your mandatory tax returns in electronic format as specified by the Income Tax Department. It helps in minimizing error-prone entry of information, incorrect remittances and also provides accounting for interest & penalties (if any) for smooth & effective functioning of your business. Features of TDS compliant Tally.ERP 9 Tally.ERP 9 comprises of comprehensive features to ensure accurate & automatic computation of Tax Deductible at Source for Non-Salaried deductees according to the provisions stipulated in the Income Tax Act. The TDS functionality in Tally.ERP 9 encompasses the following salient features: Simple & User friendly Easy and quick to setup & implement
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Maintains complete tracking of each transaction from Booking, deduction tillpayment Allows deduction of TDS at the time of Booking expenses in the same voucher or separately at a later date Allows deduction of TDS at Lower / Zero Rate Allows deduction of TDS on multiple expenses of single nature of payment type in a single voucher. Allows computation of TDS on Expenses partly subject to tax Allows TDS calculation on advance payments Provides facility to compute TDS with/without considering Surcharge Exemption Limits for parties Provides retrospective surcharge calculations for prior / current period Allows partial / full payment of Tax deducted at source Provides automatic computation of TDS amount for each nature of payment Generates TDS payment Challan ITNS 283 (for Corporates & Non-Corporates) Generates TDS Certificates, TDS Outstanding report and various other TDS related MIS Reports Facilitates automatic generation of Quarterly as well as Annual eTDS returns in the physical as well as eReturns formats. Allows Challan reconciliation facility to keep track of issue of TDS certificates and remittance through challans. Comprises of all required provisions for TDS as specified by Income Tax Department Also generates consolidated TDS Certificates, Challan and Annual Returns for statutory and tax audit purpose.

18.2.1 Enabling TDS in Tally.ERP 9
It takes a one-time configuration in Tally.ERP 9 for TDS features to be activated. Follow the steps given below to enable TDS in Tally.ERP 9 for a new company, M/s. National Enterprises M/s. National Enterprises, is a domestic company engaged in manufacturing cement and other water proofing components. The first step is to create a Company as shown below : Step 1: Company Setup In the Company Creation Screen, Select India in the Statutory Compliance for field Specify State, Pin code, Telephone, Mobile, E-mail details Specify 01/04/09 in the Financial Year from field
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Specify 01/04/09 in the Books beginning from field

Figure 18.1 Company Creation

Step 2: F11: Statutory & Taxation Set Enable Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) to Yes Set Set/Alter TDS Details to Yes and press Enter

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Figure 18.2 F11: Statutory & Taxation

Step 3: Company TDS Deductor Details Specify Tax Assessment Number (TAN) of the Company (TAN is a ten-digit alphanumeric number, issued to the deductors by the Income Tax Department). Specify the Income Tax Circle / Ward (TDS) details of the deductor Specify the Deductor Type as Others for the Deductor Types other than government (if the deductor is a government body, select Government as the Deductor Type)

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Figure 18.3 Company TDS Deductor Details

Specify the Name of person responsible and his/her designation details as shown

Figure 18.4 Company TDS Deductor Details

Press Enter to accept

The format of the 10 digit alphanumeric TAN - BLRN00789B is : BLR indicates the location code of the TAN allotment center. (Eg: BLR for Bangalore) N indicates the first alphabet of the deductor name. 00789 is the number within each location. B is the check digit for security and verification.

Enable VAT and specify VAT TIN Number, if Value Added Tax (VAT) is applicable in the State or otherwise specify the Local Sales Tax Number & Interstate Sales Tax Number Specify the PAN details as shown

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The completed F11: Statutory & Taxation Features screen appears as shown :

Figure 18.5 Enabling VAT

Press Enter to accept F11: Statutory & Taxation Features screen

18.2.2 TDS Statutory Masters
The statutory masters contains details in respect of TDS nature of payments, Deductee Types, rate of TDS for each nature of payment and period of applicability. These masters are loaded automatically soon after enabling TDS in Tally.ERP 9. Tally.ERP 9 conforms to all statutory provisions and in case of any changes / amendments in Income Tax laws, the same can be updated by downloading the Stat.900 file from the Tally Website. TDS Nature of Payments Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Info. > TDS Nature of Pymts

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Figure 18.6 TDS nature of payments

Select a Nature of Payment from the list and press Enter

Figure 18.7 TDS nature of payments

Deductee Types Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Info.> Deductee Types

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Figure 18.8 Deductee Types

Select a Deductee Type from the list and press Enter

Figure 18.9 Deductee Types

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18.3 Creation of Masters
Once you have enabled the company for TDS, create necessary Expenses ledger, Party ledgers and TDS ledger masters. The TDS option would now be available in each type of ledger masters.

18.3.1 Expenses Ledger Accounts
Create the following expense ledger accounts : Inventory Values are affected No No Is TDS Applicable Yes Yes Default Nature of Payment

Ledger Consultancy Charges Advertisement Expenses

Under Indirect Expenses Indirect Expenses Indirect Expenses Indirect Expenses

Fees for Professional Or Technical Services Payment to Contractors (Advertisement Contractors) Rent of Land, Building Or Furniture Commission or Brokerage

Rent Commission Charges

No No

Yes Yes

Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounts Info. > Ledgers> Create Type Consultancy Charges as the Ledger Name Select Indirect Expenses in the Under field Set Use for Assessable Value Calculation to No Set Is TDS Applicable to Yes In Default Nature of Payment filed, select Fees for Professional Or Technical Services from the List of TDS Nature of Pymt.

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Figure 18.10 Ledger Creation - Consultancy charges

The completed Consultancy Charges ledger creation screen is shown below :

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Figure 18.11 Ledger Creation - Consultancy charges

Press Enter to accept Similarly, create other Expenses Ledgers with the required TDS Nature of Payments.

18.3.2 TDS Ledger Accounts
Create the following TDS Tax ledgers : Ledger TDS on Consultancy Charges TDS on Advt. Expenses Under Duties & Taxes Duties & Taxes Type of Duty/Tax TDS TDS Nature of Pymt Fees for Professional Or Technical Services Payment to Contractors (Advertisement Contractors) Rent of Land, Building Or Furniture Commission or Brokerage

TDS on Rent TDS on Commission

Duties & Taxes Duties & Taxes

TDS TDS

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Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounts Info. > Ledgers> Create In the Ledger Creation screen, Type TDS on Consultancy Charges in the Name field Select Duties & Taxes group in the Under field Select TDS from the list in the Type of Duty/Tax field and press Enter

Figure 18.12 Ledger Creation TDS on Consultancy Charges

Select Fees for Professional Or Technical Services from the list, in the Nature of Payment field

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Figure 18.13 Ledger Creation TDS on Consultancy Charges

Set No in the Inventory values are affected field The completed TDS on Consultancy Charges ledger creation screen is as shown :

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Figure 18.14

Ledger Creation - TDS on Consultancy Charges

Press Enter to accept Similarly, the completed TDS on Advertisement Expenses ledger will appear as shown :

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Figure 18.15 Ledger Creation - Advertisement Expenses

Press Enter to accept Similarly, the completed TDS on Rent ledger will appear as shown :

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Figure 18.16 Ledger Creation - TDS on Rent

Press Enter to accept And the completed TDS on Commission ledger will appear as shown :

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Figure 18.17 Ledger Creation - TDS on Commission

Press Enter to accept

It is recommended to create separate TDS ledgers for each type of Nature of TDS payments, since TDS payments are required to be paid separately for each type of TDS nature of payment.

18.3.3 Party Ledger Accounts
Create the following Party ledgers : Maintain balances bill-by-bill Yes Inventory Values are affected No Is TDS Deduct able Yes

Ledger Evergreen Consulting Services

Under Sundry Creditors

Deductee Type Company - Resident
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Star Advertisement Agency Ramesh Kumar

Sundry Creditors Sundry Creditors Sundry Creditors

Yes Yes

No No

Yes Yes

Partnership Firm Individual /HUF Resident Body of Individuals

Silverplus Enterprises

Yes

No

Yes

Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounts Info. > Ledgers> Create Set Up: In F12: Configuration (Ledger Configuration) Set Allow ADVANCED entries in TDS Master to Yes

Figure 18.18 F12: Ledger Configuration

In the Ledger Creation screen, Type Evergreen Consulting Services in the Name field Select Sundry Creditors group in the Under field Set Maintain balances bill-by-bill to Yes Set Inventory Values are affected to No Set Is TDS Deductable to Yes and press Enter

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Figure 18.19 Ledger Creation - Evergreen consulting services

Select Company - Resident from the list, in the Deductee Type field

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Figure 18.20 Ledger creation - Deductee Type

Set Use Advanced TDS Entries to Yes

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Figure 18.21 Ledger creation - Advanced TDS Entries

Press Enter, the Advanced TDS Entries subscreen appears, In the Advanced TDS Entries subscreen, Set Ignore Surcharge Exemption Limit to No Set Ignore Income Tax Exemption Limit to No Set Zero/Lower Deduction to No Set Deduct TDS in Same Voucher if applicable to No

Figure 18.22 Ledger creation - Advanced TDS Entries

Press Enter to accept the screen

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When Ignore Surcharge Exemption Limit is set to Yes, the Surcharge amount is automatically calculated at the applicable rates without considering the threshold limits prescribed by the ITD, for the respective persons.

Type the Mailing address, State, PIN Code and Tax information of the party Set/Alter VAT Details to No The completed Evergreen Consulting Services ledger creation screen is as shown:

Figure 18.23 Completed Ledger Creation - Evergreen consulting services

Press Enter to accept Similarly, create other Sundry Creditors ledgers with appropriate Deductee types.

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While creating Star Advertisement Agency and Ramesh Kumar Ledger, in Advanced TDS Entries subscreenset Ignore Surcharge Exemption Limit to Yes. When Is TDS Deductable option is set to Yes, Maintain balances bill-by-bill is automatically set to Yes (if not enabled previously). In Tally.ERP 9, Is TDS Deductable option is available for all ledgers created under Sundry Creditors and Sundry Debtors Groups.

18.3.4 Bank Accounts
Ledger HDFC Bank In the Ledger Creation screen, Type HDFC Bank as the Ledger Name Group it under Bank Accounts group Under Mailing Details, In Address field enter the Bank Branch Address. Select appropriate state in State field. In Pin Code field enter the pincode of the City In Account Number field enter the account number as 005364477129 In Branch Name field, enter Kasturba Road. Enter the Bank’s BSR Code as 0012934 (BSR Code is a 7 digit Number allotted by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to Bank). The Completed Bank ledger screen is displayed as shown Under Bank Accounts Effective Date for Reconciliation 01/04/2009

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Figure 18.24 Completed Bank Ledger Creation Screen

Press Enter to accept

18.4 Processing Transactions
As discussed earlier, Tax Deducted at Source on incomes specified by Income Tax department is affected at source when income arises/ accrues or paid whichever is earlier. Let us consider the following transactions to illustrate the TDS functionality in Tally.ERP 9.

18.4.1 Booking Expenses and Deducting TDS
Example 1: On 01/04/09, M/s. National Enterprises received a Bill (Vide No. ECS/001/09-10) from Evergreen Consulting Services, for Rs. 27,000/- towards Consultancy Charges. Consultancy Charges is subject to TDS under ‘Fees for Professional or Technical Services’ Nature of Payments. The applicable Income tax rates for payment of ‘Fees for Professional or Technical Services’ to ‘Company Resident Deductee’ Type is given below :

Particulars TDS Surcharge
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Rate 10% -

Tax Deducted at Source

Create Journal Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F7: Journal 1. Press F2 and change the date to 01-04-2009 2. Select Consultancy Charges in the Debit field and press Enter 3. Enter 27,000 in the Amount field. The Expense Allocation screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.25 Expense Allocation Screen

The TDS Nature of Payment Details screen displays the Nature of Payment and the Assessable Value of the expenditure. Press Enter to accept Fees for Professional or Technical Services as Nature of Payment. The amount in the Assessable Value is defaulted to 27,000.

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Figure 18.26 TDS Nature of Payment Details with Assessable Value

4. Select Evergreen Consulting Services in the Credit field and press Enter. The TDS Details screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.27 TDS Details Screen

In the TDS Details screen, provide the following details Select New Ref as the Type of Ref. field
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Type the Reference Number in the Name field (By default Jrnl / 1-1 is prefilled) Select Fees for Professional Or Technical Services in Nature of Payment field.

Figure 18.28 TDS Details – Nature of Payment Selection

Select TDS on Consultancy Charges from the list of TDS Duty Ledgers The Assessable Amount field is defaulted with the amount specified against the expenses ledger Set Yes in Deduct Now field (This field will be set to Yes or No depending on the tax deduction, if the deduction has to be done later, this option can be set to No). The Tax amount deducted at source is displayed in the TDS Amount field. The amount (after deducting TDS) payable to the Party is displayed in the Payable Amount field. The completed TDS Details screen is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.29 Completed TDS Details Screen

Press Enter to accept TDS Details 5. The Payable Amount calculated in the TDS Details screen will be defaulted in the Party’s Amount (Credit) field 6. Press Enter to view Bill–wise Details screen 7. In Bill–wise Details screen, Select New Ref as the Type of Ref In the Name field, enter the Bill name as ECS/001/09-10 Skip the Due Date or Credit Days field Accept the default amount allocation and Dr/Cr. (By default, Tally.ERP 9 displays the Bill amount in the amount field as the credit balance). Press Enter, select New Ref as Type of Ref and Enter Bill name as ECS/TDS/001 Press Enter to accept the Amount allocation The completed Billwise Details screen is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.30 Bill–wise Details Screen

In the above screen, the amount payable to the party after deduction of TDS is displayed separately and the TDS deducted amount is displayed separately for easy identification of Bill amount in the outstanding statement. 8. Select TDS on Consultancy Charges in the Credit field and press Enter to accept the amount. 9. Enter the details of the transaction in the narration field. The completed Journal Voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.31 Journal Voucher

10.Press Enter to accept

Example 2: On 13/04/09, M/s. National Enterprises received a Bill (Vide No. SAA/102) for Rs. 36,000/from Star Advertisement Agency towards Advertisement Expenses. The applicable Income tax rates for ‘Advertisement Expenses’ payable to ‘Contractors’ is given below : Particulars TDS Surcharge Rate 1% -

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Create Purchase Voucher Set Up: In F12: Configure, set Use Common Ledger A/c for Item Allocation and Use Defaults for Bill Allocations to No Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F9: Purchase 1. Press Alt + I for Account Invoice mode 2. Press F2 and change the date to 13-04-2009 3. In Party’s A/c Name field, select Star Advertisement Agency from the List of Ledger Accounts 4. Under Type of Dealer, Select Not Applicable 5. Under Particulars, select Advertisement Expenses and press Enter 6. Type 36000 in the Amount field, press Enter to view TDS Nature of Payment Details screen and accept the default details in the screen. The Expense Allocation screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.32 Expense Allocation screen

The TDS Nature of Payment Details screen displays the Nature of Payment and the Assessable Value of the expenditure.

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Press Enter to accept Payment to Contractors (Advertisement Contractors) as Nature of Payment. The amount in the Assessable Value is defaulted to 36,000.

Figure 18.33 TDS Nature of Payment Details with Assessable Value

7. Select TDS on Advertisement Expenses from the List of Ledger Accounts 8. Press Enter twice to view TDS details screen. 9. In the TDS Details screen, provide the following details Select New Ref as the Type of Ref. field Type the Reference Number in the Name field (By default Purc / 1-1 is prefilled) Select Payment to Contractors (Advertisement Contractors) in Nature of Payment field. Select TDS on Advertisement Expenses from the list of TDS Ledgers The Assessable Amount field is defaulted as 36,000 and the TDS Amount is calculated automatically based on the applicable TDS rates.

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Figure 18.34 TDS Details

10.Press Enter to accept the TDS Details 11.In the Bill-wise Details screen Select New Ref as the Type of Ref In the Name field, enter the Bill name as SAA/102 Skip the Due Date or Credit Days field Accept the default amount allocation and Dr/Cr.

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Figure 18.35 Bill–wise Details

12.Enter the details of the transaction in the Narration field, if required. The completed Purchase Voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.36 Completed Purchase Voucher

13.Press Enter to accept.

18.4.2 Booking Expenses and Deducting TDS Later
Example 3: On 20/04/09, M/s. National Enterprises received a Bill (Vide No. 024/09) for Rs. 9,000/- from Silverplus Enterprises towards commission charges. The company intends not to deduct TDS on the above transaction at the time of booking the expenses. Create Journal Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F7:Journal 1. 2. 3. 4. Press F2 and change the date to 20-04-2009 Select Commission Charges in the Debit field and press Enter Enter 9,000 in the Amount field and press Enter The Expense Allocation screen appears as shown,
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Figure 18.37 Expense Allocation screen

Press Enter to accept Commission Or Brokerage as Nature of Payment. The Assessable Value field is defaulted as 9,000

Figure 18.38 TDS Nature of Payment Details with Assessable Value

Press Enter to accept the screen

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5. Select Silverplus Enterprises in the Credit field and press Enter, the TDS Details screen appears, 6. In TDS Details screen, enter the following details Select New Ref in Type of Ref field In the Name field, accept the default TDS reference number as Jrnl / 2-1 Select Commission Or Brokerage in Nature of Payment field Select TDS on Commission in the TDS Duty Ledger field Set Deduct Now to No (in order to deduct the TDS later). The Payable Amount field displays the amount payable to the Party. The completed TDS Details screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.39 TDS Details Screen

7. Press Enter to accept the TDS details screen 8. The Payable Amount calculated in the TDS Details screen is defaulted in the Party’s Amount (Credit) field. 9. Press Enter to view Bill–wise Details screen. 10.In Bill–wise Details screen, Select New Ref as the Type of Ref
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In the Name field enter the Bill name as 024/09 Accept the default amount allocation and Dr/Cr.

Figure 18.40 Bill–wise Details

Press Enter to accept Bill-wise Details screen. 11.Type the details of the transaction in the Narration field, if required. The completed Journal Voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.41 Journal Voucher

12.Press Enter to accept
The Deduction of TDS on the above Transaction (i.e., Commission Charges of Rs. 9,000/- payable to Silverplus Enterprises) is discussed in Example 8 dt. 30/04/09.

Example 4: On 23/04/09, M/s. National Enterprises paid Rs. 35,640/- to Star Advertisement Agency towards Advertisement Expenses (vide Ch. No. 145687). Setup: In F12: Configure, set Use Single Entry mode for Pymt/Rcpt/Contra to Yes.

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Create Payment Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F5: Payment 1. 2. 3. 4. Press F2 and change date to 23/04/2009 In Debit field, select Star Advertisement Agency from the List of Ledger Accounts Enter 35,640 in Amount field and press enter to view Bill-wise Details screen In Bill-wise Details screen Select Agst Ref in the Type of Ref Select SAA/102 from the List of Pending Bills in Name field, Amount is defaulted automatically. The Completed Bill-wise Details screen is displayed as shown.

Figure 18.42 Bill–wise Details Screen

Press Enter to accept the screen 5. In Credit field, select HDFC Bank from the List of Ledger Accounts, the Amount is defaulted automatically 6. Enter Cheque No. 145687 in Narration field. The completed Payment Voucher is displayed as shown
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Figure 18.43 Completed Payment Voucher

7. Press Enter to accept Example 5: On 23/04/09, M/s. National Enterprises paid Rs. 24,300/- (vide Ch. No. 145690) to Evergreen Consulting Services towards final settlement of Bill No. ECS/001/09-10 dt. 10/04/09. Create Payment Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F5: Payment 1. 2. 3. 4. Press F2 and change date to 23/04/2009 In Debit field, select Evergreen Consulting Services from the List of Ledger Accounts Enter 24,300 in Amount field and press enter to view Bill-wise Details screen In Bill-wise Details screen Select Agst Ref in the Type of Ref Select ECS/001/09-10 from the List of Pending Bills in Name field, Amount is defaulted automatically. The Completed Bill-wise Details screen is displayed as shown.

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Figure 18.44 Bill–wise Details Screen

Press Enter to accept the screen 5. In Credit field, select HDFC Bank from the List of Ledger Accounts, Amount is defaulted automatically 6. Enter Cheque No. 145690 in Narration field. The completed Payment Voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.45 Completed Payment Voucher

7. Press Enter to accept

18.4.3 TDS Deduction @ Lower Rate
The Income Tax Act, as per Sec 197 allows the benefit of deduction of tax at source at a lower rate on filing of declaration in the prescribed form with the payer. Example 6: On 24/04/09, National Enterprises received a bill for Rs. 45,000/- from Prompt Consultancy towards commission charges. Prompt Consultancy has been granted a lower deduction certificate for deduction of Tax @ 5% on commission. Set Up: In F12: Configure (Ledger Configuration) Set Allow Advanced entries in TDS Masters to Yes

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Figure 18.46 Ledger Configuration

Create Party Ledger Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounts Info. > Ledgers > Create Enter the Name of the Party Ledger e.g. Prompt Consultancy Select Sundry Creditors from the List of Groups in the Under field Set Maintain balances bill-by-bill to Yes Enter the Default Credit Period, if required. Set Is TDS Deductable to Yes In the Deductee Type field, select Partnership Firm from the List of Deductee Type Set Use Advanced TDS Entries to Yes In Advanced TDS Entries screen Set the option Zero / Lower Deduction to Yes

Figure 18.47 Advanced TDS Entries

In Zero / Lower Deduction Details screen Select Nature of payment as Commission Or Brokerage Select Section Number as 197 Enter the Certificate No./ Date Enter the Applicable From date Enter the Applicable To date Enter the alloted TDS rate Enter the Surcharge, Ed Cess and Sec Ed Cess, if applicable (Tally.ERP 9 defaults the rate as Zero).
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Figure 18.48 Zero / Lower Deduction Details

Type the Mailing address, State, PIN Code and Tax information of the party The completed Prompt Consultancy ledger creation screen is as shown:

Figure 18.49 Ledger Creation - Prompt Consultancy

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Create Journal Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F7: Journal 1. Press F2 and change the date to 24-04-2009 2. Select Commission Charges in the Debit field and press Enter 3. Enter 45,000 in the Amount field. The Expense Allocation screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.50 Expense Allocation Screen

The TDS Nature of Payment Details screen displays the Nature of Payment and the Assessable Value of the expenditure. Press Enter to accept Commission or Brokerage as Nature of Payment. The amount in the Assessable Value is defaulted to 45,000.

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Figure 18.51 TDS Nature of Payment Details with Assessable Value

4. Select Prompt Consultancy in the Credit field and press Enter. In the TDS Details screen, provide the following details Select New Ref as the Type of Ref. field Type the Reference Number in the Name field (By default Jrnl / 3-1 is prefilled) Select Commission or Brokerage in Nature of Payment field.

Figure 18.52 TDS Details – Nature of Payment Selection

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Select TDS on Commission from the list of TDS Duty Ledgers The Assessable Amount field is defaulted with the amount specified against the expenses ledger Set Yes in Deduct Now field (This field will be set to Yes or No depending on the tax deduction, if the deduction has to be done later, this option can be set to No). The Tax amount deducted at source is displayed in the TDS Amount field. The amount (after deducting TDS) payable to the Party is displayed in the Payable Amount field. The completed TDS Details screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.53 Completed TDS Details Screen

Press Enter to accept TDS Details 5. The Payable Amount calculated in the TDS Details screen will be defaulted in the Party’s Amount (Credit) field 6. Press Enter to view Bill–wise Details screen 7. In Bill–wise Details screen, Select New Ref as the Type of Ref In the Name field, enter the Bill name as PCS/001/09-10
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Skip the Due Date or Credit Days field Accept the default amount allocation and Dr/Cr. (By default, Tally.ERP 9 displays the Bill amount in the amount field as the credit balance). Press Enter, select New Ref as Type of Ref and Enter Bill name as PCS/TDS/001 Press Enter to accept the Amount allocation The completed Billwise Details screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.54 Bill–wise Details Screen

In the above screen, the amount payable to the party after deduction of TDS is displayed separately and the TDS deducted amount is displayed separately for easy identification of Bill amount in the outstanding statement. 8. Select TDS on Commission in the Credit field and press Enter to accept the amount. 9. Enter the details of the transaction in the narration field. The completed Journal Voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.55 Journal Voucher

Press Enter to accept

18.4.4 TDS Deduction @ Zero Rate
The Income Tax Act, as per Sec 197A allows the benefit of non-deduction of tax at source to an individual payee on filing of declaration in the prescribed form with the payer. Example 7: On 25/04/10, National Enterprises received a bill for Rs. 9,000/- from Crown Advisory Services towards Fees for Professional Services. Crown Advisory Services has been granted a No Deduction Certificate. Set Up: In F12: Configure (Ledger Configuration) Set Allow Advanced entries in TDS Masters to Yes

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Figure 18.56 Ledger Configuration

Create Party Ledger Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounts Info. > Ledgers > Create Enter the Name of the Party Ledger e.g. Crown Advisory Services Select Sundry Creditors from the List of Groups in the Under field Set Maintain balances bill-by-bill to Yes Enter the Default Credit Period, if required. Set Is TDS Deductable to Yes In the Deductee Type field, select Association of Persons from the List of Deductee Type Set Use Advanced TDS Entries to Yes In Advanced TDS Entries screen Set the option Zero / Lower Deduction to Yes

Figure 18.57 Advanced TDS Entries

In Zero / Lower Deduction Details screen Select Nature of payment as Commission Or Brokerage Select Section Number as 197A Enter the Certificate No./ Date Enter the Applicable From date Enter the Applicable To date The TDS rate will be defaulted to 0%

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Figure 18.58 Zero / Lower Deduction Details

Type the Mailing address, State, PIN Code and Tax information of the party The completed Crown Advisory Services ledger creation screen is as shown:

Figure 18.59 Ledger Creation - Crown Advisory Services

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Create Journal Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F7: Journal 1. Press F2 and change the date to 25-04-2009 2. Select Consultancy Charges in the Debit field and press Enter 3. Enter 9,000 in the Amount field. The Expense Allocation screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.60 Expense Allocation Screen

The TDS Nature of Payment Details screen displays the Nature of Payment and the Assessable Value of the expenditure. Press Enter to accept Fees for Professional Or Technical Services as Nature of Payment. The amount in the Assessable Value is defaulted to 9,000.

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Figure 18.61 TDS Nature of Payment Details with Assessable Value

4. Select Crown Advisory Services in the Credit field and press Enter. 5. In the TDS Details screen, provide the following details Select New Ref as the Type of Ref. field Type the Reference Number in the Name field (By default Jrnl / 4-1 is prefilled) Select Fees for Professional Or Technical Services in Nature of Payment field.

Figure 18.62 TDS Details – Nature of Payment Selection

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In Is Zero/ Lower Rate field, select section 197A for zero deduction The completed TDS Details screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.63 Completed TDS Details Screen

Press Enter to accept TDS Details 6. The Payable Amount is defaulted in the Party’s Amount (Credit) field 7. Press Enter to view Bill–wise Details screen 8. In Bill–wise Details screen, Select New Ref as the Type of Ref In the Name field, enter the Bill name as CAS/001/09-10 Skip the Due Date or Credit Days field Accept the default amount allocation and Dr/Cr. (By default, Tally.ERP 9 displays the Bill amount in the amount field as the credit balance). Press Enter to accept the Amount allocation The completed Billwise Details screen is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.64 Bill–wise Details Screen

9. Enter the details of the transaction in the narration field. The completed Journal Voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.65 Journal Voucher

Press Enter to accept Example 8: On 30/04/09, M/s. National Enterprises deducts TDS at the following rates on Commission payable to Silverplus Enterprises (vide B.No. 024/09 dt. 20/04/09 - Refer Example 3). The applicable Income tax rates for Commission is as follows : Particulars TDS Surcharge Create Journal Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F7: Journal 1. Press F2 and change the date to 30-04-2009 2. Press Alt +S or click on S: TDS Deduction button, to view TDS Deductions screen. Rate 10% -

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3. In TDS Deduction screen, In Till Date field, enter the date till which the TDS deduction is to be made (i.e., 30-042009) Select Silverplus Enterprises from the List of Ledger(s) in the Party field

Figure 18.66 TDS Deductions – Party Selection

Select Commission Or Brokerage from the List of Nature of Payments

Figure 18.67 TDS Deduction – Nature of Payment Selection

Press Enter to accept the TDS Deductions subscreen 4. The TDS amount with the respective bill details will be prefilled automatically

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Figure 18.68 Journal Voucher with Auto filled TDS values

5. In the Bill-wise Details screen, Select Agst Ref in the Type of Ref Select 024/09 dated 20-Apr-2009 in the Name field and press Enter The amount is defaulted as 900 The completed Bill-wise Details is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.69 Bill-wise Details screen

Press Enter to accept the screen 6. Enter the details of the transaction in the Narration field, if required. The completed Journal Voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.70 Journal Voucher

7. Press Enter to accept.

18.4.5 Deducting TDS on Payments
Example 9: On 30/04/09, M/s. National Enterprises paid Rs. 15,000/- to Mr. Ramesh Kumar (Landlord) towards Rent for the month of April 2009 (vide Ch. No. 145787). The applicable Income tax rates for payment of ‘Rent’ to ‘Individual / HUF - Resident’ Deductee Type is given below : Particulars TDS Surcharge Rate 15% -

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Create Payment Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F5: Payment 1. 2. 3. 4. Press F2 and change the date to 30-04-2009 In Debit field, select Ramesh Kumar from the List of Ledger Accounts Enter 15,000 in Amount field and press Enter to view Bill-wise Details screen In Bill-wise Details screen, Select New Ref from the Method of Adj in the Type of Ref field Enter the Bill name as Apr’09 Press Enter to skip the Due Date, or Credit Days filed Press Enter to accept the Amount (i.e., 15,000)

Figure 18.71 Bill-wise details Screen

Press Enter to accept the Bill-wise Details screen 5. In the Credit field, select TDS on Rent from the List of Ledger Accounts and press Enter 6. In the TDS Details screen, provide the following details Select New Ref as the Type of Ref. field Type the Reference Number in the Name field (By default, Pymt / 3-1 is prefilled) Select Rent of Land, Building Or Furniture in Nature of Payment field. The Assessable Amount field is defaulted as 15,000 and the TDS Amount (i.e., 2250) is calculated automatically based on the applicable TDS rates.

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The completed TDS Details screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.72 TDS Details Screen

Press Enter to accept the TDS Details screen 7. In Credit field, select HDFC Bank from the List of Ledger Accounts, the balance Amount is defaulted automatically as 12,750. 8. Enter the cheque details in the Narration field. The completed Payment Voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.73 Payment Voucher

9. Press Enter to accept

18.4.6 Payment of TDS
As per Income Tax Act, Corporate & Non- Corporate entities (deductors) making payments (specified under Income Tax Act) to third parties (deductees) are required to deduct tax at source at the prescribed rates on such payments. The TDS so deducted should be deposited to the credit of the Central Government within one week from the last day of the month in which the deduction is made, into any of the designated branches of banks authorized to collect taxes on behalf of Government accompanied by Income Tax Challan ITNS 281.

Example 10: On 05/05/09, M/s. National Enterprises paid Rs. 2,700/- to Government towards TDS on Consulting Charges for the month of April 2009.

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Setup: In F12: Configure (Payment Configuration), ensure Use Single Entry mode for Pymt/Rcpt/ Contra is set to Yes. Step 1 : Create Payment Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F5: Payment 1. Press F2 and change date to 05-05-2009 2. Press Alt+S or click S: TDS Helper button, to view TDS helper screen. 3. In the TDS Helper Screen, Enter the date till which the TDS deductions are to be considered (i.e., 30-04-2009) in Deducted Till Date field Select 194J in the Section field Select Fees for Professional Or Technical Services as the Nature of Payment Select the Deductee Status as Company Select HDFC Bank from the List of Ledger Accounts The completed TDS Helper screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.74 TDS Helper Screen

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Press Enter to accept the TDS helper screen 4. The Bank selected in the TDS Helper screen is defaulted automatically in the Account field. 5. Set Provide Details to Yes, to view the TDS Payment Details

Figure 18.75 TDS Payment details

6. In the Payment Details screen Enter the periodicity of the payment of TDS amount in the From Date and To Date field respectively Enter the Cheque/DD No details Select the Bank in the Name of Bank field

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Figure 18.76 Payment Details– List of Banks

Enter the Branch Account Number Enter the Bank Branch name Enter the BSR code of the branch Enter the Challan No. and Challan Date The completed Payment Details screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.77 Completed Payment Details Screen

Press Enter to accept the screen 7. Enter the details of the transaction in the Narration field, if required The Completed TDS Payment voucher is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.78 TDS Payment Voucher

8. Press Enter to accept.

Tally.ERP 9 allows you to enter above transaction in Double Entry mode also.

Step 2 : Print ITNS Challan 281 The TDS amount is remitted to the credit of the Government through TDS Challan ITNS 281. To print the TDS Challan, follow the steps given below 1. Press PageUp to go back to payment voucher entry 2. Press Alt + P from the payment voucher to view the Voucher Printing screen 3. In the Voucher Printing screen Ensure Print as TDS Challan is set to Yes Ensure other details are entered in the similar manner

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Figure 18.79 Voucher Printing Screen

Press Enter to Print The Printed ITNS 281 Challan is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.80 Printed ITNS 281 Challan

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Example 11: On 05/05/09, M/s. National Enterprises paid Rs. 360/- to Government towards TDS on Advertisement Expenses for the month of April 2009. Step 1 : Create Payment Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F5: Payment 1. Press F2 and change date to 05-05-2009 2. Press Alt+S or click S: TDS Helper button to view TDS helper screen. 3. In TDS Helper screen, Enter the date till which the TDS deductions are to be considered (i.e., 30-04-2009) in Deducted Till Date field Select 194C in the Section field Select Payment to Contractors (Advertisement Contractors) as the Nature of Payment Select the Deductee Status as Non Company Select HDFC Bank from the List of Ledger Accounts The completed TDS Helper screen is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.81 TDS Helper Screen

Press Enter to accept the TDS helper screen 4. The Bank selected in the TDS Helper screen is defaulted automatically in the Account field. 5. Set Provide Details to Yes, to view the TDS Payment Details 6. In the Payment Details screen Enter the periodicity of the payment of TDS amount in the From Date and To Date field respectively Enter the Cheque/DD No details Select the Bank in the Name of Bank field Enter the Branch Account Number Enter the Bank Branch name Enter the BSR code of the branch Enter the Challan No. and Challan Date The completed Payment Details screen is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.82 Completed Payment Details Screen

Press Enter to accept the screen 7. Enter the details of the transaction in the Narration field, if required The completed Payment voucher will appear as shown

Figure 18.83 TDS Payment Voucher

8. Press Enter to accept.

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Step 2 : Print ITNS Challan 281 1. Press PageUp to go back to payment voucher entry 2. Press Alt + P from the payment voucher to view the Voucher Printing screen 3. In the Voucher Printing screen Ensure Print as TDS Challan is set to Yes Ensure other details are entered in the similar manner

Figure 18.84 Voucher Printing Screen

Press Enter to Print The Printed ITNS 281 Challan is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.85 Printed ITNS 281 Challan

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Example 12: On 05/05/09, M/s. National Enterprises paid Rs. 3,150/- to Government towards TDS on Commission for the month of April 2009. Step 1 : Create Payment Voucher Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Press F5: Payment 1. Press F2 and change date to 05-05-2009 2. Press Alt+S or click S: TDS Helper button to view TDS helper screen. 3. In the TDS Helper Screen, Enter the date till which the TDS deductions are to be considered (i.e., 30-04-2009) in Deducted Till Date field Select 194H in the Section field Select Commission Or Brokerage as the Nature of Payment Select the Deductee Status as Non Company Select HDFC Bank from the List of Ledger Accounts The completed TDS Helper screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.86 TDS Helper Screen

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Press Enter to accept the TDS helper screen 4. The Bank selected in the TDS Helper screen is defaulted automatically in the Account field. 5. Set Provide Details to Yes, to view the TDS Payment Details 6. In the Payment Details screen Enter the periodicity of the payment of TDS amount in the From Date and To Date field respectively Enter the Cheque/DD No details Select the Bank in the Name of Bank field Enter the Branch Account Number Enter the Bank Branch name Enter the BSR code of the branch Enter the Challan No. and Challan Date The completed Payment Details screen is displayed as shown

Figure 18.87 Completed Payment Details Screen

Press Enter to accept the screen 7. Enter the details of the transaction in the Narration field, if required

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Figure 18.88 TDS Payment Voucher

8. Press Enter to accept. Step 2 : Print ITNS Challan 281 1. Press PageUp to go back to payment voucher entry 2. Press Alt + P from the payment voucher to view the Voucher Printing screen 3. In the Voucher Printing screen Ensure Print as TDS Challan is set to Yes Ensure other details are entered in the similar manner

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Figure 18.89 Voucher Printing Screen

Press Enter to Print The Printed ITNS 281 Challan is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.90 Printed ITNS 281 Challan

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18.5 TDS Reports
Tally.ERP 9 provides the facility to generate various TDS reports, Challans and forms in the prescribed format viz., TDS Computation Report, TDS Challan and TDS Statutory Returns for a month, quarter, year or any given period. To view the TDS Reports, Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports

Figure 18.91 TDS Reports

18.5.1 Computation
The TDS Computation report displays information about TDS transactions. It includes information about the total expenses and advances on which TDS is applicable, TDS amount deducted, balance TDS amount deductible, TDS amount paid and TDS amount pending for payment. To view TDS Computation report, Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Computation

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Figure 18.92 TDS Computation

The TDS Computation report is broadly subdivided into 2 sections, namely Deduction Details: In this section, the Assessable value of Expenses & Advances (comprising of TDS Not Applicable, Under Exemption Limit, Zero Rate and the Net Taxable Expenses & Advances), TDS Deducted amount (at Normal and Lower Rate) and the Balance Deductable at Normal and Lower Rate is displayed. Payment Details: In this section, the details of TDS paid during the current and previous month and the balance payable during the current/previous month is displayed. TDS Computation Party Wise To view Party Wise TDS Computation report, Highlight Expenses & Advances and press Enter to drill down to Party Wise Report

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Figure 18.93 TDS Computation – Party Wise

You can configure the Party wise report, by pressing F12: Configure In F12: Configure, Show Tax Deductible, Show Balance to be deducted, Show Balance Payable to Government options are set to Yes

Figure 18.94 F12: Configure

In F12: Configuration, Set Show Tax Deducted to Yes Show Tax Deductable Break-up to Yes Set all other options to No

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Figure 18.95 F12: Configure

Now, the Expenses & Advances report will display the complete break up of Tax, Surcharge, Education Cess, Secondary and Higher Education Cess details for the tax deducted amount. The TDS Computation Report displays the details as shown

Figure 18.96 TDS Computation – Party wise

TDS Computation Payment Wise The TDS Paid report displays the details of TDS payments made during the selected period. To view Payment Wise TDS Computation,

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Press Enter on Paid details to drill down to TDS Paid report The TDS Paid report is displayed as shown

Figure 18.97 TDS Paid Report

TDS Computation Balance Payable To view TDS Payable report from TDS Computation, Press Enter on any particular Balance Payable details

The TDS Payable report is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.98 TDS Payable Report

18.5.2 Challan Reconciliation
As per Income Tax Act, the details of payment of Tax Deducted at Source are required to be furnished in the TDS certificate issued to the deductee. For this purpose, the Challan details containing the information in respect of Bank Challan No. & Date, Bank Name, BSR Code etc., are required to be specified. Tally.ERP 9 allows to enter all the required information as specified by the statutes, by using the Challan Reconciliation facility. Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Challan Reconciliation > Press F5: Challan Reconcile The Challan Reconciliation report is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.99 Challan Reconciliation

Click on S: Set Challan Details button to fill the challan details..

Figure 18.100 Challan Details

Press Enter to accept the Challan Details.
In our case study (National Enterprises) the challan details for the TDS Payment entries are entered in the respective Payment Vouchers. Hence, the details are prefilled in the Challan Reconcilliation Report. However, where challan details are not entered during payment entry, are required to be updated in Challan Reconcilliation report before generating Form 16A.
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The completed Challan Reconciliation screen will appear as shown

Figure 18.101 Challan Reconciliation Screen

Press Enter to accept.

18.5.3 Return
Corporate & Non- Corporate entities (deductors) responsible for making payments (specified under Income Tax Act) to third parties (deductees) and deducting tax at source at the prescribed rates on such payments are required to furnish TDS returns containing details of deductee(s) and the payment details relating to the deposit of such tax to Income tax department. The following statutory returns have to be filed by the tax deductors : Form Form 24 Nature of Payment Annual return of 'Salaries' under Section 206 of Income Tax Act, 1961 Periodicity Annual

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Form Form 26

Nature of Payment Annual return of deduction of tax under section 206 of Income Tax Act, 1961 in respect of all payments other than 'Salaries'. Statement of deduction of tax from interest, dividend or any other sum payable to persons specified under Rule 37A of Income Tax Rules, 1962. Quarterly statement for tax deducted at source from 'Salaries'. Quarterly statement of tax deducted at source in respect of all payments other than 'Salaries'. Quarterly statement of deduction of tax from interest, dividend or any other sum payable to non-residents. to be filed in physical form with each return.

Periodicity Annual

Form 27

Quarterly

Form 24Q Form 26Q Form 27Q

Quarterly Quarterly Quarterly

Form 27A

Tally.ERP 9 allows you to generate and print statutory Returns in physical as well as uploadable formats as prescribed by the government. In Tally.ERP 9, you can generate the following Quarterly/Annual Returns Form 16A Form 26Q Annexure to 26Q Form 27Q Annexure to 27Q Form 26 Annexure to 26 Form 27 Annexure to 27 Form 16A Every person deducting tax at source from payments (as specified in the Income Tax Act) other than salaries, is required to furnish a certificate in Form 16A to the person on whose account such tax is paid to the credit of Central Government within the prescribed time and specifying the amount so deducted, the rate at which the tax has been deducted and any other particulars as may be prescribed.

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Print Form 16A Form 16A is a certificate in evidence of deduction of tax at source by the deductor and payment of the same into credit of the government. Form 16A is essential to claim credit of tax by the deductor in his Income Tax returns. To print Form 16A Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Print Form 16A In Select Item screen,select Silverplus Enterprises from the List of TDS Party Ledgers

Figure 18.102 Select Item Screen

In Printing TDS Form 16A screen, enter the details as shown

Figure 18.103 Printing TDS Form 16A screen

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The printed Form 16A is displayed as shown

Figure 18.104 Printed Form 16A

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Form 26Q Form 26Q is a Quarterly return for deduction of tax in respect of payments made to residents other than salary. To print Form 26Q Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Form 26Q In Printing TDS Form 26Q, press Backspace and enter the following details

Figure 18.105 Printing TDS Form 26Q

The printed Form 26Q is displayed as shown

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Figure 18.106 Form 26Q (Page 1)

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Figure 18.107 Form 26Q (Page 2)

Annexure to Form 26Q As per Income Act, the annexures in respect of each deductee with breakup of TDS is required to be furnished alongwith the Quarterly/Annual Returns. Annexure for each deductee should be generated in separate page. To print Annexure to Form 26 Q Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Annexure to Form 26Q In Printing TDS Form 26Q, press Backspace and enter the required details Press Enter to print Annexure to Form 26 Q

The printed Annexure to Form 26Q appears as shown

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Figure 18.108 Annexure to 26Q

The second page will be printed for the next deductee with the TDS breakup details. Form 27 Q Form 27Q is a Quarterly return for deduction of tax in respect of payments made to non-residents other than salary. To print Form 27Q Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Form 27Q In Printing TDS Form 27Q screen, press Backspace and enter the required details

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The printed Form 27Q appears as shown

Figure 18.109 Form 27Q ( Page 1)

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Figure 18.110 Form 27Q (Page 2)

In our examples, we have not considered payments made to Non-residents. Hence, the Form 27Q will appear blank.

Annexure to 27Q As per Income Act, the annexures in respect of each deductee with breakup of TDS is required to be furnished alongwith the Quarterly/Annual Returns. Annexure for each deductee should be generated in separate page. To Print Annexure to Form 27Q Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Annexure to Form 27Q In Printing TDS Form 27Q, press Backspace and enter the required details Press Enter to print Annexure to Form 27Q

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Form 26 Form 26 is an Annual return for deduction of tax in respect of payments made to residents other than salary. To print Form 26, Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Form 26 In Printing TDS Form 26, press Backspace and enter the required information

Figure 18.111 Printing TDS Form 26

Press enter to print Form 26 The printed Form 26 appears as shown

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Figure 18.112 Printed Form 26

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Annexure to Form 26 To Print Annexure to Form 26, Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Annexure to Form 26 In Printing TDS Form 26, press Backspace and enter the required details The printed Annexure to Form 26 appears as shown

Figure 18.113 Annexure to Form 26

Similarly, the annexure for the subsequent nature of payment will be printed in the next page. Form 27 Form 27 is an annual return for deduction of tax in respect of payments other than salary made to Non-residents. To print Form 27 Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Form 27 In Printing TDS Form 27, press Backspace and enter the required details Press Enter to print

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The printed Form 27 appears as shown

Figure 18.114 Printed Form 27

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Annexure to 27 To print Annexure to Form 27 Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Return > Annexure to Form 27 In Printing TDS Form 27, press Backspace and enter the required details Press Enter to print

In our examples, we have not considered payments made to Non-residents. Hence, the Form 27Q, Form 27 and Annexure to Form 27Q will appear blank.

18.5.4 eTDS Returns
With the automation of collection, compilation and processing of TDS returns, ITD notified Electronic Filing of Returns of Tax Deducted at Source Scheme 2003. Under this scheme : It is mandatory (w.e.f. June 1, 2003) for corporate deductors to furnish their TDS returns in electronic form (e-TDS return). From F.Y. 2004-2005 onwards furnishing TDS returns in electronic form is also mandatory for government deductors in addition to corporate deductors. Deductors (other than government and corporates) may file TDS return in electronic or physical form. National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) is the e-TDS Intermediary (appointed by ITD) to receive the e-TDS returns from the deductors, on behalf of ITD. Deductors furnishing e-TDS returns are required to furnish a control chart - Form 27A in physical form along with the e-TDS return furnished in CD/floppy. Form 27A is a summary of TDS return (Form 24, 26 or 27), which contains control totals of Amount Paid and Income tax deducted at source. The control totals mentioned on Form 27A should match with the corresponding control totals in e-TDS return file. Form 27A is required to be furnished separately for each TDS return (Form 24, 26 or 27). The deductors / collectors preparing e-TDS returns are required to validate their returns with the File Validation Utility (a freely downloadable utility developed by NSDL), to conform to the prescribed format. In Tally.ERP 9, the eReturn menu displays the eTDS Quarterly/ Annual Forms, which can be exported and validated with the File Validation Utility. To view the E-TDS Forms Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > E–Return > E–TDS

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Figure 18.115 E-TDS Forms

Form 26Q Form 26Q is a Quarterly return for deduction of tax in respect of payments made to residents other than salary. To export Form 26Q Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > E-Return > E-TDS > Form 26Q In Exporting eTDS Form, press Backspace and enter the following details By default, the Language and Format is preset as Restricted (ASCII Only) and SDF (Fixed Width) respectively. In Export Location field enter the details of the path to where the txt file to be exported. In the Output File Name field specify the file name as Form 26Q.txt Press Enter to accept the Person Responsible Details (The Address details are automatically defaulted from the Company masters in the Person Responsible Details column) Select Yes or No as applicable, in Is Change in Address since last Return field. Under Other Details, In Category (deductor/Collector) field select the Deductor Category and specify the applicable date in the From and To fields Specify 30-06-2009 in the Challan Date Till field (i.e., Challan date to be considered for TDS payments made for the respective quarter/period) In Form Name field, Form 26Q is defaulted Specify the Place and Date of Filing Returns

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The Exporting eTDS Forms configuration screen appears as shown

Figure 18.116 Exporting eTDS Forms

Press Enter to Export Quarterly Return in 26Q The exported file is placed in the Tally.ERP 9 Directory with the file name as specified above.

Figure 18.117 Exported Form 26Q in Tally.ERP 9 Directory

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The exported file (Form 26Q) is required to be validated with the File Validation Utility (a freely downloadable utility from NSDL website) and after validation, the returns should be submitted to the department in CD along with Form 27A in Physical Form.

It is mandatory to validate the TDS returns with File Validation Utility to confirm to the requirements as prescribed by the Income tax department. In case of any errors in exported file (Returns), the FVU prompts a error message with error code, the assessee may correct the same and revalidate the returns (The File Validation Utility is available for Quarterly and Annual returns separately). Tally.ERP 9 exports both Form 26Q & Form 27Q in the text (.txt) format as prescribed by NSDL.

Print Form 27A Form 27A is a summary of TDS return which contains control totals of Amount paid and Income tax deducted at source. Form 27A is to be filed in physical form with each return i.e., Form 26Q, Form 27 Q, Form 26 and Form 27. In case of returns submitted in the paper form, form 27A need not be attached. Follow the steps given below to print Form 27A Go to Gateway of Tally > Display >Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > E–Return > Print Form 27A In the Printing TDS Form 27A screen, Press Enter to accept the Person Responsible Details Under Other Details, specify the following Select the Deductor Category in Category (deductor/Collector) field. Enter the applicable date in the From and To fields Specify 30-06-2009 in the Challan Date Till field Select the Enclosed Form Type as Form 26Q Specify Previous Receipt No., if any Specify 1 in the No. of Annexures enclosed field Specify Other Information, if any Specify the Place and Date of filing returns The completed Printing TDS Form 27A configuration screen is displayed as shown.

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Figure 18.118 Printing TDS Form 27A

Press Enter to Print Form 27A The printed Form 27A is displayed as shown.

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Figure 18.119 Printed Form 27A

Form 27Q Form 27Q is a Quarterly return for deduction of tax in respect of payments made to nonresidents other than salary. To Export Form 27Q Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > E–Return > E–TDS > Form 27Q In Exporting TDS Form 27Q, press Backspace and enter the required details

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Figure 18.120 Exporting eTDS Forms

Press Enter to Print Form 27Q.

18.5.5 Outstandings
In Tally.ERP 9, you can generate TDS outstandings on the following TDS Payables Ledgerwise TDS Payable Nature of Payment TDS Not Deducted TDS payables The TDS Payables report gives you information on the TDS payable (pending) to Government for a particular Nature of Payment. To view TDS Payables report, Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Outstanding > TDS Payables

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Figure 18.121 TDS Payable Report

Press Alt+F1 or click on F1: Detailed to view in detailed mode To Print TDS Payables report, press Alt+P from the above screen. The printed TDS Payables report appears as shown :

Figure 18.122 Print Preview – TDS Payable Report

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Ledger TDS Ledger Outstandings report displays ledger wise TDS outstandings. This report can be viewed for all the ledgers or for one ledger.

Figure 18.123 Ledger Menu

Select All Items, to view Ledger Outstandings for all the ledgers The TDS Ledger Outstandings report appears as shown

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Figure 18.124 TDS Ledger Outstandings – All Items

Select One Item, to view TDS Ledger Outstandings for particular ledger Select Ramesh Kumar and press Enter to view TDS Ledger Outstandings Report

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Figure 18.125 TDS Ledger Outstandings – One Item

Nature of Payment TDS Nature of Payment Outstandings report displays Nature of Payment wise TDS outstandings. This report can be viewed for all the Nature of Payment or for one Nature of Payments.

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Figure 18.126 Nature of Payment

Select All Items, to view Nature of Payment Outstandings for all the Nature of Payment The TDS Nature of Payment Outstandings report is dispayed as shown

Figure 18.127 TDS Nature of Payment Outstandings – All Item

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Select One Item, to view TDS Nature of Payment Outstandings for Particular Nature of Payment From the List of TDS Nature of Payments, select Commission Or Brokerage Press Enter to view TDS Nature of Payment Outstandings report

Figure 18.128 TDS Nature of Payment Outstandings – One Item

TDS Not Deducted The TDS Not Deducted report displays party wise information on the Amount subject to TDS, Tax to be Deducted on such amount, Tax Deducted till date and Balance to be deducted i.e., Not deducted (if any). To view the TDS Not Deducted report, Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Outstandings > TDS Not Deducted

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In our case study (National Enterprises), the TDS Not Deducted Report will be blank, since TDS is deducted on all the transactions. In such cases, you may press F7 to display all TDS related transactions.

Press F7 (Show All) to display all transactions

Figure 18.129 TDS Not Deducted Report

Press Alt+F1 or click on F1: Detailed to view in detailed mode

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Figure 18.130 Detailed TDS Not Deducted Report

To Print TDS Payables report, press Alt+P from the above screen.

18.5.6 Exception Reports
In Tally.ERP 9, you can generate various TDS exception reports to help track and rectify any discrepancies in TDS entries. Tally.ERP 9 allows you to generate exception reports to track Migrated Vouchers, Migrated Bills, TDS Masters with advanced configuration, Migrates TDS Vouchers, TDS Masters without PAN Details and TDS Masters without deductee Type. To view TDS Exception Reports Go to Gateway of Tally > Display> Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Exception Reports

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Figure 18.131 Exception Reports

PAN Not Available The PAN Not Available report displays all the Party Ledgers for whom the PAN details is not available. To view the PAN Not Available report. Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports > Exception Reports > PAN Not Available For eg., create ledger Nikhil Computers without providing PAN / IT No.. The PAN Not Available report will appear as shown :

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Figure 18.132 PAN Not Available

You can also update the PAN Details of the Party from the above screen. This report is useful in tracking the party ledgers for which the PAN Details are not available before filing the e-returns. Unknown Deductee Type The Unknown Deductee Type report displays all the Party Ledgers for whom the Deductee Type is not defined. To view the Unknown Deductee Type report Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statutory Reports > TDS Reports> Exception Reports > Unknown Deductee Type For eg., create ledger Somitel Communication without selecting Deductee Type

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Figure 18.133 Unknown Deductee Type

You can also update the Deductee Type Details of the Party from the above screen. This report is useful in tracking the party ledgers for which the Deductee Type Details are not available before filing the e-returns. Migrate Tool The Migrate Tool comprises of the following reports Track Migrate Voucher : The Track Migrate Vouchers reports displays Date-wise Migrated and Non-migrated vouchers. Tally.ERP 9 displays the Non Migrated vouchers' Amount in Bold for easy identification. Track Migrate Bills : The Track Migrate Bills report displays Tax bill name wise migrated and non-migrated voucher. In this report, you can identify migrated/non- migrated vouchers by comparing the previous deduction amount and new deduction amount and previous payment amount and new payment amount are same. If the Deduction Amounts (Previous and New) and Payment Amounts (Previous and New) are same then, it is understood that
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the vouchers are successfully migrated. On the other hand, if the Deduction Amounts (Previous and New) and Payment Amounts (Previous and New) are not same then it is understood that the vouchers are not migrated. Track Masters : The Track Masters Report displays TDS Ledger wise Lower Deduction, Zero Deduction and IT Exemption details. Re-Migrate : The Re-Migrate option, first un-migrates all the TDS vouchers and then remigrates all the vouchers. If the migration is not complete then the application displays the message - TDS Migration did not complete sucessfully. If the migration is complete you can continue to record TDS transactions and generate required reports.

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Points to Remember
Tax Deducted at Source is one of the modes of collecting income tax. The buyer/service and receiver/payer of income files annual returns electronically or in physical form. Tax Assessment Number is a ten-digit alphanumeric number issued by the Income Tax Department to the deductor. The Statutory Masters are of two types Deductee Type and Nature of Payments. Tally gives you the option of booking of expenses either using a journal voucher or a purchase voucher. Tax transactions for a particular party providing services is recorded in a journal voucher using the TDS Deduction button. TDS payment is done in two ways - Manual bill selection and Auto-fill selection (using TDS Helper). TDS payment voucher is printed as a TDS Challan. The TDS amount on advance payments is adjusted only when the final settlement of accounts for a contract is made. The TDS Computation Report provides you with a list of party and TDS Ledger names for which the TDS bills are deducted. TDS Payables Report gives the status of TDS payable (pending) amounts for a particular TDS Ledger account. Ledger Outstandings Report is used to find out the outstanding status of a particular tax ledger account. The reconciliation of challan payments made to the Bank for TDS accounts is done in the Ledger Voucher Report.

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