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1 PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK SPM 2012 JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI SELANGOR BIOLOGI KERTAS 3 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN QUESTION

1 1 (a) [KB0603 Measuring Using Number] Score 3 Criteria Able to record three readings correctly: Sample answers: Water sample P Q R 2 1 0 Time taken (minute) 10 23 42

Able to measure and record two readings correctly Able to measure and record one reading correctly No response or wrong response

1 (b) (i) [KB0601 Observation] Score Criteria 3 Able to state two observations correctly according to 2 criteria: Water sample ( Manipulated variable) Time taken (Responding variable) Reading with unit //comparison Sample answers: 1. The time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised in water sample P is 10 minutes / the fastest. 2. The time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised in water sample Q is 23 minutes. 3. The time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised in water sample R is 42 minutes / the longest. 4. The time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised in water sample Q is longer than in water sample P / faster than in water sample R. Able to state any one observation correctly, and one less accurate observations or Able to state any two inaccurate observations Sample answers: 1. The time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised in water sample P and water sample R are different. 2. The time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised depends on water samples. Able to state any one correct observation Or Two observation at idea level only Sample answers: 1. Time taken is different. 2. Different location has different time taken. [Lihat halaman sebelah

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2 0 Not able to response or wrong response.

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3 1 (b) (ii) [KB0604 Making Inferences] Score 3 Criteria Able to make two inferences correctly based on the criteria: Less/more pollution Lesst / more dissolved oxygen /oxygen content Sample answers: 1. Water sample P is most polluted because has less dissolved oxygen 2. Water sample R is less polluted because has more dissolved oxygen Able to make one correct inference and one less accurate inference. or Able to make two inaccurate inferences Sample answers

1. 2. 3. 4.
1

Sample P contains less oxygen. Sample R contains more oxygen. Oxygen contains in sample P is different from sample R. P has less oxygen dissolve compare to R.

Able to state one correct inference Or Able to state two inferences at idea level. Sample answers: 1. Oxygen contents are different. 2. Different oxygen content in different type of water. 3. There is some oxygen in the water. 4. The water sample has less oxygen. Not able to response or wrong response.

1 (c) [KB061001 Controlling Variables] Sample answers: Variables Manipulated variable: Water sample Responding variable: Time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised Controlled variable: Volume of water sample // Concentration of methylene blue / volume of methylene blue Fixing the volume of water sample at 250 ml // percentage of methylene blue at 0.1%t // Fixing the volume of methylene blue at 1 ml Fixing the Record the time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised by using a stopwatch Method to handle the variables Water samples are collected from (three) different areas / locations / P, Q and R / or name the three areas.

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Score 3 2 1 0

Criteria Able to state all (6) variables and the method to handle the variables. Able to state any 4-5 of the variables and the method to handle the variables. Able to state any 2-3 of the variables and the method to handle the variables. No response or incorrect response or able to state one variables or method

1 (d) KB0611 Making Hypothesis] Score Criteria 3 Able to state a hypothesis to show a relationship between the manipulated variable and responding variable and the hypothesis can be validated, based on 3 criteria: Manipulated variable (water sample/area/location) Responding variable (time taken/pollution level/BOD level/value) Relationship Sample answers: 1. Water sample from location P is most polluted / BOD level is the highest as the time taken to decolourised methylene blue is shortest/fastest. 2. Water sample from location R is the least polluted / BOD level is the lowest as the time taken to decolourised the methylene solution is the longest/slowest. 3. Water sample from location R is less polluted/ has lower BOD level than locations Q and P as the time taken to decolourised the methylene solution is the longest /slowest. 2 Able to state a less accurate hypothesis to show a relationship between manipulated variable and responding variable based on 2 criteria. Sample answers: 1. Different location of water sample has different level of pollution. 2. Different level of water pollution in the location P, Q and R. 1 Able to state idea of hypothesis to show a relationship between manipulated variable and responding variable based on 1 criterion.or at idea level only Sample answers: 1. Water in the river is polluted. 2. The time taken for methylene blue is longer if the water is not polluted. 3. Water sample is polluted if the time taken for methylene blue to decolourise is shortest. 0 Not able to response or wrong response.

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1 (e) (i) [KB0606 Communicating] Score Criteria 3 Able to construct a table which contain the following criteria Titles with correct units Record all data correctly Sample answers: Water sample

2 1 0

Time taken for methylene blue to decolourise (min // minute) P 10 Q 23 R 42 Able to draw a table with correct titles but with incomplete data Able to draw a table with correct titles but without data Not able to response or wrong response.

1 (e) (ii) [KB0607 Space and Time Relationship] Score Criteria 3 Able to draw a bar chart to show the time taken for the water samples with 3 criteria correctly. Both axes with regular values All points are correctly plotted Correct shape / bar 2 1 0 Able to draw a bar chart to show the time taken for the water samples with any 2 criteria correctly. Able to draw a bar chart to show the time taken for the water samples with any 1 criteria correctly. Not able to response or wrong response.

1 (e) (iii) [KB0608 Interpreting Data] Score Criteria 3 Able to explain the relationship between the time taken for the methylene blue to be decolourised and BOD level of water sample accurately based on 3 criteria: Time taken for the methylene blue to be decolourised BOD level Explanation level of pollution and presence of microorganisms in water used oxygen to decompose organic materials / pollutant. Sample answer: 1. The shorter the time taken for the methylene blue to be decolourised, the higher the BOD level of the water sample. This is because the water is more polluted as more microorganisms in the water and more (dissolved) oxygen used to decompose the organic materials / pollutant. 2 4551/3 Able to explain the relationship between the time taken for the methylene blue to be decolourised and BOD level of water sample clearly and accurately based on [Lihat halaman sebelah

6 any 2 criteria. Able to explain the relationship between the time taken for the methylene blue to be decolourised and BOD level of water sample clearly and accurately based on any 1 criteria. Not able to response or wrong response.

1 0

1 (e) (iv) [KB0602 Classifying] Score Criteria 3 Able to list down all three water samples according to the BOD level. Sample answers: BOD level Low Medium High 2 1 0 Water sample R Q P

Able to list down any 2 water samples according to the BOD level. Able to list down any 1 water sample according to the BOD level. Not able to response or wrong response.

1 (f) [KB0609 Define Operationally] Score Criteria 3 Able to state the meaning of BOD level operationally based on 3 criteria: Dissolved oxygen content/oxygen content Water sample/location Time taken Sample answer: 1. (BOD level ) is the amount of dissolved oxygen/oxygen content ( taken up by microorganism ) affected/influenced by different water samples and shown by the time taken for methylene blue to be decolourised Able to state the meaning of BOD level operationally based on any 2 criteria. Able to state the meaning of BOD level operationally based on any 1 criterion. Not able to response or wrong response.

2 1 0

1 (g) [KB0605 Predicting] Score 3 Criteria Able to predict the time taken for the methylene blue to be decolourised accurately based on 3 criteria: Expected time taken Comparing with recent condition Reason Sample answer: The time taken is 43 minutes / more than 42 minutes, longer than the water R / unplanned residential area, because rain water contains less organic materials / less microorganisms / less oxygen used in decomposition process. 2 1 4551/3 Able to predict the time taken for the methylene blue to decolourise accurately based on any 2 criteria. Able to predict the time taken for the methylene blue to decolourise accurately [Lihat halaman sebelah

7 based on any 1 criterion. Not able to response or wrong response.

QUESTION 2 Problem Statement Score Criteria 3 Able to state the problem statement of the experiment correctly that include criteria: Manipulate variables Responding variables Relation in question form and question symbol [?] Sample answers: 1. What is the concentration / percentage / content of vitamin C in watermelon (juice) and pineapple (juice)? 2. Does pineapple (juice) contain more vitamin C than watermelon (juice)? // or vice versa 2 Able to state the problem statement of the experiment with any 2 criteria. Sample answers: 1. Does pineapple contain more vitamin C than watermelon. 2. Do different fruits contain different concentration of vitamin C? 1 Able to state the of problem statement with any 1 criterion. Sample answers: 1. Fruits contain vitamin C. 0 Not able to response or wrong response.

Variables Score Criteria 3 Able to state the 3 variables correctly. Sample answers: Manipulated variable: Type of fruits // Watermelon and pineapple (juices) Responding variable: The concentration / percentage / content of vitamin C Controlled variable: Concentration of DCPIP solution / ascorbic acid solution // Temperature // Volume of DCPIP solution. 2 1 0 Able to state the any 2 variables correctly. Able to state the any 1 variable correctly. Not able to response or wrong response.

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Hypothesis Score Criteria 3 Able to state the hypothesis correctly according to the criteria: Manipulate variables Responding variables Relationship of the variables Sample answers: 1. Pineapple (juice) contains more vitamin C than watermelon ( juice). 2. The concentration of vitamin C in pineapple (juice) is higher than in watermelon( juice ). 2 Able to state the hypothesis with any 2 criteria Sample answers: 1. The concentration / percentage / content of vitamin C in orange and pineapple is different. 1 Able to state the idea of the hypothesis. Sample answers: 1. Fruits contain vitamin C. 0 Not able to response or wrong response.

Materials and Apparatus Score Criteria 3 Able to state all functional materials= 3 materials and 2 apparatus Materials: Watermelon and pineapple fruits, DCPIP solution, and 0.1% ascorbic acid solution Apparatus: Syringe (with needle), test tube/ beaker, measuring cylinder, muslin cloth / filter paper 2 1 0 Able to state 3 materials and 1 apparatus s for the experiment. Able to state 2 materials and 1 apparatus for the experiment. Not able to response or wrong response.

Procedure Score

Criteria

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9 3 Able to state five procedures P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 correctly. P1 : How to Set Up The Apparatus (3P1) P2 : How to Make Constant The Control Variable (1P2) P3 : How to Manipulate The Manipulated Variable (1P3) P4: How to Record The Responding Variable (1P4) P5 : Precaution (1P5) Able to state 3-4 of any procedures P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 correctly Able to state 2 of any procedures P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 correctly Not able to response or wrong response.

2 1 0

Example of Procedure: 1. Prepare fresh juices of watermelon and pineapple. P1 P5 P3

2. Fill a test tube with 1ml 0.1% DCPIP solution (using a syringe)
P1 P2 P2 Do not shake the test tube. 3. Fill up a syringe with 0.1% ascorbic acid solution. 4. P1 P2 5. Add the ascorbic acid into the DCPIP solution, drop by drop / immersed the needle of the syringe in the DCPIP solution / stir with the needle slowly. 6. Record the volume of ascorbic acid that decolourised the DCPIP solution using a syringe. 7. Repeat steps 2 until 5 by replacing the ascorbic acid with watermelon and pineapple (juices). 8. Use clean / different syringe. 9. Calculate the concentration / percentage of vitamin C in the fruit (juices). Concentration of vitamin C = Volume of 0.1% ascorbic acid used mgcm-3 Volume of fruit juice OR Percentage of vitamin C = Volume of 0.1% ascorbic acid used x 0.1% Volume of fruit juice 10. Tabulate the result. 11. Repeat the experiment to get average readings. Data Score

P1 P3 P5 P1 P2 P5 P1 P2 P1 P5 P4 P3 P5 P4

P1 P5

Criteria

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10 2 Able to construct a table of data with 2 criteria: (i) Correct title and units (ii) Manipulated variable Sample answers: Fruit (juice) / Solution Volume needed to decolourise 1ml DCPIP solution ( ml ) Concentration of vitamin C (mgcm-3) OR Percentage of vitamin C( %)

(i) (ii)

0.1% ascorbic acid Watermelon Pineapple 1 0 Able to tabulate the data with any 1 criterion. Not able to response or wrong response.

END OF MARKING SCHEME

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