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Approved By: Gael Forest Job Number: 27527-061 Client BP (Caspian)

General Introduction

4.49MW water bath heater (Turkish Border PRS) operating on Natural gas For NOx 18th April 2001 Emission Data supplied by Kvaerner (GF) - Document 410088/00/SA/RP/016 Ian James.

The following base conditions for each Compression Ignition Engine unit Exhaust gas flow= Temperature of Discharge= Moisture content of stack gas= Oxygen content of stack gas= Exhaust gas emission= No/ of Units 1.57 kg/sec 593 K 6.5 % 13.5 % 110 mg/Nm3 1 Reference Conditions= 15 %, Dry

**Calculate the Pollution Index (Pi)
**

Pi = ΕD / (Gd-Bc) (D1 eqn 1) where: Pi = Pollution Index (m3/s) ED = Sum of Discharge rates for CHP units included within CHP scheme (Actual) (g/s) Gd = Guidance concentration of discharged pollutant (Actual Discharge conditions) (mg/m3) Bc = Background Concentration of discharged emission (mg/m3) Need to Determine Pollutant Concentration at Stack Discharge Conditions (Cd) Cd = Cs x (273/Td) x ((100-H2Od)/100) x ((20.9 - O2d) / (20.9 - O2s)) Where : Cs = Pollutant Concentration at Standard Conditions Td = Temperature of Discharge Gas H20d= Moisture content of discharge O2d= Oxygen content of discharge O2s= Oxygen content at reference conditions (D1 App B) = = = = = 110 593 6.5 13.5 15 mg/m3 K % % %

Thus:

Pollutant Concentration at Stack Discharge (Cd) =

59.39 mg/m3

Calculate Discharge Volume Flow Rate at Stack Discharge (V) V= Where : Exhaust Gas Flow / Density of Gas at Discharge Temperature Exhaust Gas Flow Density of Gas at Discharge Temperature Thus : Volume Flow Rate at Stack Discharge (V) = = = 1.57194444 Kg/sec 0.59 Kg/m3 2.66 m3/s

Calculate Discharge Rate (D) D = (V x Cd)/1000 (D1 App B) Where: D = Discharge Rate at Discharge Conditions (g/s) V = Discharge Volume Flow Rate at Discharge Conditions Cd = Pollutant Concentration at Stack Discharge Thus: Discharge Rate = 0.16 g/s = = 2.66 m3/s 59.39 mg/m3

2)) 2.011.Calculated By: Ian James Checked By: Gael Forest 2 Approved By: Gael Forest Job Number: 27527-061 Client BP (Caspian) Calculate Pollution Index (Pi) Pi = (((D/(Gd-Bc))x1000) Where : (D1 Eqn 1) 0.49 + 0.03 MW Qactual > Qminimum.19log10^Q b = 0. Determine Discharge Stack Height Calculate Heat Release Q = ((V(1-(283/Td))/2.005log10^Q Where for values of Q > 1 MW a= -0.05 0. D1 para.87 m (D1 5.5 MW (D1 5.32) Q<1 Therefore : (D1 Eqn 6) (D1 Eqn 6) Where for values of Q<1 MW: a= b= -1.3) Therefore RULE : Ub = Ub 1 m min 200 m max Q 0. which details 'Typical Background Levels of Common Pollutants' by the type of district.07 mg/m3 85/203/EEC (D1 Table 2) D = COMBINED Discharge Rate of Pollutant FROM ALL STACKS IN STUDY = 1 x Discharge Rate (1 units operating.4.2 mg/m3 0. 6. Gd was taken from EC Directive 85/203/EEC.3. of Stacks) Where : (D1 Eqn 3.exp(Q^0.9)x No.16 g/s 0.03 kW min 100 MW max Pi 50 min 10000000 max Ub. D1 4.12 m3/s A value for Bc was obtained from Table 2 (D1 guidance notes). therefore proceed with Ub calculation Calculate Uncorrected Stack Height for Buoyancy (Ub) Ub = 10^a Pi^b (D1 Eqn 6) a = -1. which sets aiq quality standards for NO2 .11 .1) V = Total Volume Flow at Discharge Conditions Td = Temperature of Discharge Q= RULE : Q minimum = 0.1*exp(Q^0.49 2. Q and Pi all comply with this rule .2.0.84-0. The area around the site was deemed to fall within the 'Partialld developed area' category.46+0.2) Gd = Guidance Concentration of Pollutant AT STACK CONDITIONS Bc = Background Concentration Pi = 1217.66 m3/s 593 K 0.31) b= 0.

20 m/s 2.13 (D1 Eqn 16) -2. Therefore base Stack Height Calculation on Ub Determine Final Stack Height For Multiple Buildings and Tall Buildings C = Hm + (1 .24 .) M= 26.87 m 4.U)(1 . D1 para 6.0.1) Therefore U = 2.87 m (D1 Eqn 19) .4.A^-U/Hm)] C = Corrected Stack Height (m) U = Uncorrected Discharge Stack Height = 2.0.9 .4.35 Um>U minimumn.624log10 M z = 4.87 m Ub < Um.1^10 max 50 min 10^7 max 4.9 y = 5.13 m (D1 5.13 (D1 5.3.7 + (log10 M)^0. M.9.2 m w=V 21.Calculated By: Ian James Checked By: Gael Forest 3 Approved By: Gael Forest Job Number: 27527-061 Client BP (Caspian) Calculate Uncorrected Stack Height for Momentum (Um) Firstly Determine Discharge Momentum (M): M = (((283/Td)*V*w)x No.3) 4.66 m3/s (Only When Discharges are from Combustion) (D1 Eqn 11.2) 593 K V = Volume flow rate of discharge (at discharge temp.Hm/Tm)[U + (Tm . Pi all comply to these rules Summary Ub = Um = 2.7log10M + 1.07(log10M)^3 Therefore : x= y= z= log10Um = Thus : Um = Minimum Value of Um= = 0. therefore Um= RULES : Um M Pi 1 m min 200 m max 1 min 2.5 Where : x = -3.007 -6.320 5.47(log10M)^2 .834 0. of Stacks) Td = Temperature of Discharge Where : w = Discharge Velocity Radius = 0.616 (D1 Eqn 15) (D1 Eqn 15) Um.32 2.96 m4/s2 Calculate Um: log10Um= x + (y*log10Pi+z)^0.82M^0.

44 m See Table Below See Table Below See Table Below See Table Below 12.0 Therefore : Tmax = 12.0 m m Hmax = 5. A = 1) H = Building Height W = Building Width K = Lesser of building height or building width T = Height of disturbed flow over building = H + 1.5 = = = = = = = 1.5 7.5 5.Calculated By: Ian James Checked By: Gael Forest 4 Approved By: Gael Forest Job Number: 27527-061 Client BP (Caspian) A = Um/Ub (If there is no value of Ub or if Ub > Um.5K Tmax = Maximum T considering all relevant buildings Hmax = Maximum H considering all relevant buildings Consider all relevant Buildings (please refer to enclosed plan of site) Building ID Building Height Gas Engine House 5 Building Width 5 K 5 T 12.81 m C = Final corrected discharge stack height = .

5 15 mg/m3 K % % % Thus: Pollutant Concentration at Stack Discharge (Cd) = 59.59 Kg/m3 0.O2s)) Where : Cs = Pollutant Concentration at Standard Conditions Td = Temperature of Discharge Gas H20d= Moisture content of discharge O2d= Oxygen content of discharge O2s= Oxygen content at reference conditions (D1 App B) = = = = = 110 593 6.39 mg/m3 Calculate Discharge Volume Flow Rate at Stack Discharge (V) V= Where : Exhaust Gas Flow / Density of Gas at Discharge Temperature Exhaust Gas Flow Density of Gas at Discharge Temperature Thus : Volume Flow Rate at Stack Discharge (V) = = = 0.5 13.5 % 110 mg/Nm3 1 Reference Conditions= 15 %.95 m3/s 59.95 m3/s Calculate Discharge Rate (D) D = (V x Cd)/1000 (D1 App B) Where: D = Discharge Rate at Discharge Conditions (g/s) V = Discharge Volume Flow Rate at Discharge Conditions Cd = Pollutant Concentration at Stack Discharge Thus: Discharge Rate = 0.56 kg/sec 593 K 6.60MW water bath heater (T'bilisi Offtake) operating on Natural gas For NOx 18th April 2001 Emission Data supplied by Kvaerner (GF) .Document 410088/00/L/SA/RP/016 Ian James.56027778 Kg/sec 0.39 mg/m3 .9 .5 % 13.06 g/s = = 0. Dry Calculate the Pollution Index (Pi) Pi = ΕD / (Gd-Bc) (D1 eqn 1) where: Pi = Pollution Index (m3/s) ED = Sum of Discharge rates for CHP units included within CHP scheme (Actual) (g/s) Gd = Guidance concentration of discharged pollutant (Actual Discharge conditions) (mg/m3) Bc = Background Concentration of discharged emission (mg/m3) Need to Determine Pollutant Concentration at Stack Discharge Conditions (Cd) Cd = Cs x (273/Td) x ((100-H2Od)/100) x ((20.Calculated By: Ian James Checked By: Gael Forest 1 Approved By: Gael Forest Job Number: 27527-061 Client: BP (Caspian) General Introduction 1. The following base conditions for each Compression Ignition Engine unit Exhaust gas flow= Temperature of Discharge= Moisture content of stack gas= Oxygen content of stack gas= Exhaust gas emission= No/ of Units 0.O2d) / (20.9 .

84-0.2 mg/m3 0. D1 para.1) V = Total Volume Flow at Discharge Conditions Td = Temperature of Discharge Q= RULE : Q minimum = 0.3) Therefore RULE : Ub = Ub 1 m min 200 m max Q 0. Determine Discharge Stack Height Calculate Heat Release Q = ((V(1-(283/Td))/2. which sets aiq quality standards for NO2 . The area around the site was deemed to fall within the 'Partialld developed area' category.005log10^Q Where for values of Q > 1 MW a= -0.31) b= 0.49 2.07 mg/m3 85/203/EEC (D1 Table 2) D = COMBINED Discharge Rate of Pollutant FROM ALL STACKS IN STUDY = 1 x Discharge Rate (1 units operating.9)x No. which details 'Typical Background Levels of Common Pollutants' by the type of district. of Stacks) Where : (D1 Eqn 3. Q and Pi all comply with this rule .95 m3/s 593 K 0.03 kW min 100 MW max Pi 50 min 10000000 max Ub.32) Q<1 Therefore : (D1 Eqn 6) (D1 Eqn 6) Where for values of Q<1 MW: a= b= -0. 6.11 .Calculated By: Ian James Checked By: Gael Forest 2 Approved By: Gael Forest Job Number: 27527-061 Client: BP (Caspian) Calculate Pollution Index (Pi) Pi = (((D/(Gd-Bc))x1000) Where : (D1 Eqn 1) 0.96 0.06 g/s 0.2) Gd = Guidance Concentration of Pollutant AT STACK CONDITIONS Bc = Background Concentration Pi = 433.2.4.1*exp(Q^0. Gd was taken from EC Directive 85/203/EEC.46+0. therefore proceed with Ub calculation Calculate Uncorrected Stack Height for Buoyancy (Ub) Ub = 10^a Pi^b (D1 Eqn 6) a = -1.08 m (D1 5.0.011.81 m3/s A value for Bc was obtained from Table 2 (D1 guidance notes).exp(Q^0.19log10^Q b = 0.3.49 + 0. D1 4.2)) 0.2 MW (D1 5.03 MW Qactual > Qminimum.

99 m4/s2 Calculate Um: log10Um= x + (y*log10Pi+z)^0. D1 para 6.Calculated By: Ian James Checked By: Gael Forest 3 Approved By: Gael Forest Job Number: 27527-061 Client: BP (Caspian) Calculate Uncorrected Stack Height for Momentum (Um) Firstly Determine Discharge Momentum (M): M = (((283/Td)*V*w)x No.3.5 Where : x = -3.Hm/Tm)[U + (Tm .9 . Pi all comply to these rules Summary Ub = Um = 2.08 m (D1 Eqn 19) .14 m w=V 15.9.23 m (D1 5. therefore Um= RULES : Um M Pi 1 m min 200 m max 1 min 2.08 m Ub < Um.373 -2.23 (D1 5. Therefore base Stack Height Calculation on Ub Determine Final Stack Height For Multiple Buildings and Tall Buildings C = Hm + (1 .624log10 M z = 4.4.9 y = 5.95 m3/s (Only When Discharges are from Combustion) (D1 Eqn 11.) M= 6.509 (D1 Eqn 15) (D1 Eqn 15) Um.U)(1 .0.23 (D1 Eqn 16) -2.3) 3.7log10M + 1.4.82M^0. of Stacks) Td = Temperature of Discharge Where : w = Discharge Velocity Radius = 0.1^10 max 50 min 10^7 max 3.2) 593 K V = Volume flow rate of discharge (at discharge temp.0. M.24 .53 Um>U minimumn.08 m 3.841 5.07(log10M)^3 Therefore : x= y= z= log10Um = Thus : Um = Minimum Value of Um= = 0.1) Therefore U = 2.A^-U/Hm)] C = Corrected Stack Height (m) U = Uncorrected Discharge Stack Height = 2.32 1.945 0.47(log10M)^2 .42 m/s 0.7 + (log10 M)^0.

55 m See Table Below See Table Below See Table Below See Table Below 12.29 m C = Final corrected discharge stack height = .0 Therefore : Tmax = 12.Calculated By: Ian James Checked By: Gael Forest 4 Approved By: Gael Forest Job Number: 27527-061 Client: BP (Caspian) A = Um/Ub (If there is no value of Ub or if Ub > Um.5K Tmax = Maximum T considering all relevant buildings Hmax = Maximum H considering all relevant buildings Consider all relevant Buildings (please refer to enclosed plan of site) Building ID Building Height Gas Engine House 5 Building Width 5 K 5 T 12.5 7.5 5. A = 1) H = Building Height W = Building Width K = Lesser of building height or building width T = Height of disturbed flow over building = H + 1.5 = = = = = = = 1.0 m m Hmax = 5.

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