List of countries where English is an official language

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The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where English is an official or language of government. In many countries English is the dominant language, but does not have official status. In Australia, English is spoken by the vast majority of the population and is the only language used in government institutions, yet Australia does not have an official language. The case is the same in the United Kingdom and the United States, though many states and regions within the U.S. do have English as an official language. English is the official language of Canada along with French and the Philippines.[1]English is the sole official language of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Commonwealth Games. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations, European Union and the International Olympic Committee. Many of these countries are current or former colonies or dependencies of the United Kingdom (see also British Empire), or of the United States. Notable exceptions include Rwanda which was a former Belgian colony as well as Ethiopia and Eritrea. India's linguistic picture is complex. According to the Constitution of India, "Hindi in the Devanagari script" is the official language of the union[2] and English the 'subsidiary official language'; [3] however, English is mandated for the authoritative texts of all federal laws and Supreme Court decisions, and (along with Hindi) is one of the two languages of the Indian Parliament. English is used almost exclusively for all higher education, business and science. All school courses are taught in English. English is extensively used for administrative purposes in India. India is the 2nd largest English-speaking country in the world by population next to U.S.A. As such, many consider English to be the de facto official language of India.[citation needed] See Official languages of India. The linguistic makeup of Pakistan is similarly complex. While the national language is Urdu, English is an official language and used in business, government, and law.[4] English is a compulsory language in schools. All school courses are taught in English.[citation needed] Pakistan is the 9th largest English-speaking country in the world by population.[5]
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1 Majority English-speaking countries 2 Sovereign states 3 Non-sovereign entities

531. Rwanda. St. Sierra Leone. as is the case in Bangladesh. Turks and Caicos Islands.000 Canada[9] North America 33.882. Dominica. Samoa. Zimbabwe and Zambia. British Virgin Islands. Kenya. Lucia. India. Malawi. Ghana. Barbados.000 Belize [8] Central America / Caribbean 288.000 .549. Swaziland. St. Northern Marianas. they are culturally and linguistically tied to the UK or USA. English may also be a widely-used unofficial language. Philippines. Pakistan.• • • • 4 Map of English Status 5 See also 6 Footnotes 7 References [edit]Majority English-speaking countries Additional major English-speaking countries can also be found in the Caribbean and Pacific. Former American and British colonies include Anguilla. Jamaica.[6] [edit]Sovereign states Countries where English is a de jure/official language Country Region Population1 Barbados[7] Caribbean 294. Montserrat. Malta. Nigeria.000 Botswana [8] Africa 1. Tonga. Mauritius. Belize. St. Cayman Islands. Though these islands are small. Tanzania. South Africa. A number of countries use English as an official language as a unifying force despite the influence of major local languages in countries such as Botswana. Kitts and Nevis. Seychelles. Liberia. and the United States Virgin Islands. Antigua and Barbuda. Johnston. Lesotho. Grenada. Singapore.000 Cameroon[9] Africa 18. Hong Kong. Belau. Federation of Micronesia. Guam. Sri Lanka. Uganda. Fiji. Guyana. Vincent & Grenadines. Trinidad and Tobago. Malaysia. Bahamas.

000 Kiribati[9] Oceania 95.750.538.478.540.000 Kenya[9] Africa 37.224.101.709.000 Ghana[9] Africa 23.581.000 Lesotho[9] Africa 2.269 Jamaica[13] Caribbean 2.000 India [8][11] Asia 1.714.900 The Gambia[9] Africa 1.008.000 Eritrea[9] Africa 5.000 Guyana[10] South America / Caribbean 738.000 .143.000 Liberia[9] Africa 3.000 Ireland[12] Europe 4.000 Grenada[9] Caribbean 106.998 Fiji[9] Oceania 827.000 Ethiopia[9] Africa 82.Countries where English is a de jure/official language Country Region Population1 Dominica[9] Caribbean 73.

000 Nauru[15] Oceania 10.000 .000 Nigeria[9][16] Africa 148.331.000 Mauritius[9] Africa / Indian Ocean 1.725.000 Papua New Guinea[17][18] Oceania 6.600 Marshall Islands[9] Oceania 59.093.Countries where English is a de jure/official language Country Region Population1 Malawi[14] Africa 13.000 Pakistan[9] Asia 165.449.000 Malta[9] Europe 412.457.000 Federated States of Micronesia[9] Oceania 111.925.000 Saint Lucia[9] Caribbean 165.000 Saint Kitts and Nevis[20] Caribbean 50.200 Rwanda[9] Africa 9.000 Philippines[9][19] Asia 90.074.262.000 Namibia[9] Africa 2.000 Palau [8] Oceania 20.

884.992 South Africa[24] Africa 47.141.000 Uganda[9] Africa 30.000 Tuvalu[8] Oceania 11.Countries where English is a de jure/official language Country Region Population1 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[21] Caribbean 120.000 Swaziland[9] Africa 1.333.490 Sudan[9] Africa 31.000 Tonga[26] Oceania 100.454.850.260.866.000 Sierra Leone[9] Africa 5.700 South Sudan[25] Africa 8.000 Tanzania[9] Africa 40.000 Samoa[22] Oceania 188.000 .400 Solomon Islands[9] Oceania 506.894.000 Trinidad and Tobago[9] Caribbean 1.000 Singapore[23] Asia 4.839.359 Seychelles[9] Africa / Indian Ocean 87.

000 New Zealand[9] Oceania 4.000 Australia[28] Australia 22.000 .442.000 Bermuda9[9] North America 65.000 61.350 United Kingdom aka Europe England United States [edit]Non-sovereign Wales Scotland North America 309.000 Anguilla[9] Caribbean 13.294.300 entities Region Population1 Entity American Samoa11 Oceania 67.Countries where English is a de jure/official language Country Region Population1 Vanuatu[27] Oceania 226.612.370 Bahamas.000 Countries where English is the de facto language Country Region Population1 Antigua and Barbuda[9] Caribbean 85.374. The[9] Caribbean 331.000 Zimbabwe[9] Africa 13.000 Zambia[9] Africa 11.349.922.

000 Gibraltar[9] Europe 29.600 Isle of Man8 Europe 80.900 Niue Oceania 1.097.000 Christmas Island12[9] Australia 1.058 Jersey6[9] Europe 89.000 Cayman Islands [8] Caribbean 47.000 Guernsey10 Europe 61.Entity Region Population1 British Virgin Islands[9] Caribbean 23.811 Hong Kong2[9] Asia 7.828 .300 Montserrat[8] Caribbean 5.600 Norfolk Island[9] Australia 1.200 Falkland Islands South Atlantic 3.508 Cocos (Keeling) Islands[9] Australia 596 Cook Islands[9] Oceania 20.257 Guam4 Oceania 173.

000 Tokelau [8] Oceania 1.000 Saint Helena.000 U.573 Somaliland[30] Africa 3.S.400 Turks and Caicos Islands[9] Caribbean 26.000 [edit]Map of English Status . Virgin Islands5 Caribbean 111.660 Sint Maarten Caribbean 40.991. Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[8] South Atlantic 5.500.000 Pitcairn Islands13[9] Oceania 50 Puerto Rico3 Caribbean 3.900 San Andrés y Providencia[29] Caribbean 59.Entity Region Population1 Northern Mariana Islands7 Oceania 84.

connected to the Spanishspeaking Caribbean. Spanish is the main language of the majority of Puerto Ricans.present) ^3 Puerto Rico is. historically and geographically. it is currently a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China (1997.Map of nations using English as an official language or as the predominant language [edit]See also      Anglo-America Anglosphere Commonwealth of Nations British Overseas Territories List of countries by English-speaking population [edit]Footnotes ^1 The population figures are based on the sources in List of countries by population.) ^2 Hong Kong is a former British Crown Colony (1843-1981) and British Dependent Territory (1981-1997). with information as of 23 January 2009 (UN estimates. et al. Puerto Rico is an unincorporated United States territory referred to as a "Commonwealth" ^4 Guam is an organized unincorporated territory of the United States ^5 The US Virgin Islands is an insular area of the United States ^6 Jersey is a British Crown dependency .

4. Retrieved June 24. Retrieved 2009-01-18. The World Factbook. High Commission of Bangladesh. National Informatics Centre (NIC). Government Information Service (Barbados). 7.The World Factbook ^ Introduction to Pakistan ^ "Basic Facts of Bangladesh". ^ OCOL . territory ^12 Christmas Island is an external territory of Australia ^13 Pitcairn Islands is a British overseas territory [edit]References 1. 8. ^ "Society".. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 6. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 2/8/60-O.S.. 9. The World Factbook. ^ "Notification No. (Ministry of Home Affairs)". "Field Listing .Languages". "Field Listing . 2. ^ CIA . Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency. 1960.Languages". Retrieved 2009-01-11. .Home ^ "The Union: Official Language". ^ a b c d e f g h i English usage. Retrieved July 4. 2007. 2007. 5. q ar as at au av ^abcdefghijklmnopqrstu v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap a Official language.L. 3. April 27. 2007.^7 The Northern Mariana Islands is a commonwealth in political union with the United States ^8 Isle of Man is a British Crown dependency ^9 Bermuda is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom ^10 Guernsey is a British Crown dependency ^11 American Samoa is an unincorporated U.

New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Government of Malawi. English and Nauruan are official. The story of English in India. 11. ^ "Country profile: Papua New Guinea". Retrieved 2009-01-18. 2008. Foundation Books. ^ N. "3. Government Information Agency (Guyana).14 English Becomes a Second Language". 15. Chanrobles Law Library. Retrieved October 27.10. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. 2008-12-03. ^ "General Information on Papua New Guinea". Retrieved 2009-0118. April 30. hÉIREANN ^ BUNREACHT NA 13.[dead link] 18. Retrieved November 10. 2008-11-28. 16. 19. Krishnaswamy. 12. 2008. ^ "Nauru". Section 7) . Article XIV". ISBN 9788175963122.(See Article XIV. Papua New Guinea Tourism Promotion Authority. BBC News. ^ The Constitution of Jamaica (section 20(6e) — implicit) ^ Malawi Investment Promotion Agency (August 2005). Retrieved 2009-01-18. 1987. 2007. 17. 14. Retrieved 2009-01-18. ^ "National Profile". ^ "Country profile: Nigeria". Lalitha Krishnaswamy (6 January 2006). "Opportunities for investment and Trade in Malawi – the Warm Heart of Africa". BBC News.

"Education in a Multicultural Setting The Singapore Experience". Retrieved 2011-07-09. ^ "The Constitution of Southern Sudan". Agency for Public Information (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)." 24. ^ Wong. Ministry of Education. 23. 27. Chinese. Government of Singapore. 21. Retrieved 2009-01-18. Vincent and the Grenadines Profile". Retrieved 2009-0111. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa". ^ "St. Malay and Tamil. ^ Kingdom of Tonga (March 2008). 25. Retrieved 2009-01-18. Retrieved 2009-01-18. ^ "Legislations: List of Acts and Ordinances". Constitutional Court of South Africa. Retrieved 2009-01-18. "There are four official languages: English. 22. Aline (2000-11- 24). Retrieved 2011-06-18. The Parliament of Samoa. Government of the Republic of Vanuatu. 1995 Global . "The United Nations / Universal Periodic Review by the United Nations Human Rights Council".[dead link] English and Tongan are listed as official.[dead link] Languages for official legislation are Samoan and English. 28. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu". 26. Retrieved 200901-18. 1980-83. Government of St Christopher (St Kitts) and Nevis. ^ "Primary Schools".20. Southern Sudan Civil Society Initiative. ^ "Pluralist Nations: Pluralist Language Policies?".

alcaldiabogota.Cultural Diversity Conference Proceedings."English has no de jure status but it is so entrenched as the common language that it is de facto the official language as well as the national language.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.g ov.jsp?i=2780 ^ "National Profile".  v  d  e  v  d  e View page ratings Rate this page What's this? Trustworthy Objective Complete Well-written I am highly knowledgeable about this topic (optional) Submit ratings Categories: • lists Countries-languages-related • English language .Department of Immigration and Citizenship. 30. ^ http://www." 29. Sydney. Republic of Somaliland. Retrieved 11 January 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-24.

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