Honors Enrichment Questions Week 3

1) What are chemotherapeutic drugs? Research two and explain how they work against cancer. A: Chemotherapeutic drugs are drugs that are one of the most powerful drugs used to kill fast-growing cells in your body. They used this kind of drug for cancer is because cancer cells multiply very quickly, therefore they use chemotherapeutic to kill cancer cells. Mitotic inhibitors are type of drug that prevents a kind of cells not to divide. corticosteroids re a type that kill most of the tumor cells. 2) What is hydrocortisone and when used, how does this reduce cell damage? A: a hydrocortisone is steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex. It is used medicinally to treat inflammation resulting from eczema and rheumatism. Because cells have powerful proteolysis enzymes the cortisone stabilizes the membrane of the lysosome which reduces the inflammation. 3) If a molecule comes toward the cell, how is it decided if the molecule will be taken in using active or passive transport? A: is the movement from Low Concentration to High Concentration and the its opposite diffusion then its active transport. If the Movement from High Concentration to Low Concentration and its diffusion then its passive transport. 4) Explain in your own words, the role of DNA and RNA in protein synthesis. A: tRNA carries genetic information from DNA and then it’s translated into types of protein. 5) How do endocrine and exocrine glands differ in structure and function? A: endocrine system is a control system of ductless glands that secrete chemical called hormones. Endocrine glands secrete their products immediately into the blood or interstitial fluid, without storage of the chemical. Exocrine glands are glands that secrete their products into ducts. counterparts to endocrine glands, which secrete their products directly into the bloodstream.

Muhammad Hassan .

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