Non-formal Learning: A Definition

Examples of non-formal education for children include learn-to-swim programs for toddlers, community-based sports programs, and programs developed by organisations such as the Boy Scouts or Girl Guides Girl Guides. Examples of non-formal education for adults include community or non-credit adult education courses, sports or fitness programs, professional conferences and continuing professional development. [1] The learner’s objectives may be to increase skills and knowledge, as well as to experience the emotional rewards associated with increased love for a subject or increased passion for learning.[2]
Nonformal Education (NFE) – is any organized, systematic educational activity carried outside the framework of the formal system to provide selected types of learning to a segment of the population

Non-formal Education is one of the means to spread literacy and employable skills to the people and it covers a much larger audience than the formal system. The NFE in Philippines is designed to assist the out-of-school youth and adults who have been deprived of formal education. There may be varying reasons for this.It may include the economic, social and geographical limitations which have hindered the path of literacy and employable skills. The mission of the NFE program in Philippines is to empower the people with "desirable knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that will enable him/her to think critically and creatively, act innovatively and humanely in improving the quality of his/her life and that of his/her family, community and country." The main objective of NFE in Philippines is to reduce the number of illiterates in the country and provide them with need-based literacy programmes and also develop basic employable skills.Activities like vocational training, adult reading classes, family planning sessions as well as leadership workshops for community leaders. This branch of education is looked after by the Bureau of Non-Formal Education which has its history dating back to 1829 when civic educational lectures were introduced in the country.Nonformal education was formally started in 1973 and is now an integral part of the developmental activities.There is a 3-pronged approach in this method which focuses on literacy, continuing education and staff development. The main thrust of NFE is on the acquisition of skills needed for earning livelihood and to survive the competitiveness in the labor market.The horizons of non-formal education are far wider as compared to the formal system. NFE reaches out to a greater audience irrespective of demographic characteristics, socioeconomic conditions and varied general interests. In a few words, this system reaches out to all those people who might otherwise never get a chance to have any sort of education.

Development of Literacy Measures: The Bureau of Non-formal Education in Philippines has developed some literacy parameters through a series of seminars and workshops. Literacy Project for Cultural Communities: The target group for this program is that section of the society which is unable to attend the formal education system. protection and development. nutrition. workshops etc.The Non-formal Education Program of Philippines lays thrust on the following aspects: • Literacy Programs for numeracy and functional literacy of each individual • Development of Livelihood Skills • Expansion of Certification and Equivalency Programmes One of the main aims of NFE is to bring about a decrease in the poverty levels among the communities. Article Source: http://EzineArticles. posters and the facilitator's guide. functional skills and enhancing livelihood skills. household management. the bureau provides leadership and technical assistance in the implementation of literacy programmes.This may include the cultural communities in general and also the hill tribes in particular. projects. .To attain this goal.Efforts are made to implement the literacy and livelihood development programmes in the actual field with the target group in order to eradicate illiteracy and thereby alleviating poverty.At the moment there are seven literacy measures which decide the functional literacy of the target group.This is also accompanied by a Manual of Instructions for using the Measures and its scoring.This process includes the following features: Female Functional Literacy & Parent Education: This program majorly involves the mother and provides them with essential skills and competencies to perform better in the fields related to child survival. vocational skills. Development of Resource Material: It also focuses on the development of the curricula for various levels of literacy and also the resource material needed for the same. trainings. the Bureau of Non-formal Education in Philippines works on four major action points family life skills which also includes health. childcare.This includes booklets. Actual Implementation on the Field: This is the most important component of the whole project. family planning.

BNFE funds come from three main sources which are: the General Appropriations Act. particularly those that respond to community needs. community and country. Six years later the act was amended to assign teachers in public schools to give the lectures. A decade later. section 2(4) of the 1987 Philippine Constitution stated: "The state shall encourage nonformal. The National Statistics Office of the Philippines reported that in 1989. and values that will enable him/her to think critically and creatively. the Continuing Education Division (CED). This branch of education is governed by the DECS Bureau of Nonformal Education(BNFE) and its history can be traced as far back as 1908 when ACT No. After the declaration of Martial Law. from family planning sessions to cultural and leadership workshops for community leaders. and providing opportunities for the acquisition of skills to ensure employability. 480 declared the period from 1990 to 1999 as the Decade of Education for All." NFE aims to reduce the number of illiterate out-ofschool youth and adults with need-based literacy programs.800. Proclamation No. efficiency. The highest percentage of these youths was from the Western Mindanao region.7 percent. Human development thus becomes an important factor in alleviating poverty. The bureau outlines its functions as: serving the needs of those unable to avail of formal education. loans from the Asian . The New Commonwealth government passed Act No. and provide an alternative to the existing educational system. The Education Act of 1982 created the Bureau of Continuing Education from the Office of Nonformal Education. 80 in 1936 to create the Office of Adult Education as part of the then Department of Instruction. BNFE is divided into three divisions: the Literacy Division (LD). independent and out-of-school study programs." Nonformal education. This increased to 3. this branch was transformed into the Adult and Community Education Division of the Bureau of Public Schools. and competitiveness in the labor market.000. complement. in this sense. Out-of-school women outnumbered the men by 6. 1990. 117 in 1987 to create the Bureau of Nonformal Education. indigenous learning systems.Philippines . On October 16. is designed to extend. enacted Executive Order No. there were 3. with the goal of meeting the educational needs of the poor and under educated. plus continue education through basic development projects. act innovatively and humanely in improving the quality of his/her life and that of his/her family. and the Staff Development Division (SDD). formal.000 school youths between the ages of 7 to 24. 1829 was created to provide for the delivery of civicoeducational lectures in towns and barrios. skills.Nonformal Education The mission of Nonformal Education (NFE) in the Philippines is to empower the Filipino with "desirable knowledge.000 by 1994. Article 14. the disabled and out-of school youth training in civics. The Aquino government after the People Power Revolution. vocational efficiency and other skills. and provide adult citizens. the Marcos government's Philippine Constitution of 1973 created the position of the Undersecretary of Nonformal Education. attitudes. as well as self-learning. Activities that fall under this system of education range from vocational training to adult reading classes. expanding access to educational opportunities. productivity.

and funds from other international agencies such as UNESCO. . UNICEF. ACCU. and elsewhere. In 1995.Development Bank. TESDA was also in charge of skill orientation. training. the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) was established to help regulate non-degree technical-vocational programs. and development of out-of-school youth and unemployed community adults.

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