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A REPORT ON THE
WE BELIEVE In people and their unlimited potential. In content and focus in problem solving. In teams for effective performance. In intellect & its power. WE ENDEAVOUR To select, train and coach people to obtain higher responsibilities. To nurture talent to build leaders for tomorrow’s corporation. To reward, celebrate and activate all intellectual business contributions. WE DREAM Of excellence in all endeavours. Of mutual benefit and prosperity.
[ARVIND LIMITED] (23.05.2011 – 16.07.2011)
SUBMITTED BY PRASHANT GUPTA TEXTILE DESIGN 2008-2012 NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FASHION TECHNOLOGY, NEW DELHI
ACkNOwLEDgEMENT COMPANy PROfILE ORgANISATIONAL CHART PRODOCTIONAL CAPACITIES & CAPAbILITIES PRODUCT RANgE AND CUSTOMERS MATERIALS AND MANUfACTURINg PROCESS DESIgN AND DEVELOPEMENT qUALITy ASSURANCE COSTINg MARkETINg AND DISTRIbUTION CSR SMALL SCALE PROjECTS - bRAND STUDIES - COLLECTIONS - RESEARCH ON CHECkS & STRIPES
Any project requires the efforts of many people and this work was no different. I extend my heartfelt thanks to Mr. Subhanish Malhotra, H.R. Shirtings, Arvind Limited, Santej Plant, Gandhinagar and his colleagues Mr. Keyur Patel and Mr. Jimmy Devid for enlightening our mind towards specific process details regarding spinning, weaving and processing of shirting department at Arvind Limited with their valuable supervision. I would also like to thank to Mr. Amit of weaving department, Mr. Saikat of dyeing department, Mr. Shubhanjan of finishing section, Mr. Jigesh of bleaching section and Mr. Suresh of printing department for extending their arms to provide us the technical knowledge with full support and help. I am very much thankful to Mr. Vijay Mehta, Manager- Design & Development, an alumni of NIFT, Delhi and Mr. Sanjay Suman for his guardian like support without which it would be very difficult for me to adjust in an entirely different place and atmosphere. I cannot forget to extend my thanks to Ms. Neha Singh, the faculty in charge of the industrial visit for arranging such learning session and my colleague Arpita Jain for his support as well as the full co-ordination during the visit.
Prashant Gupta Textile Design 2008-2012 NIFT, New Delhi.
Shirtings business Division The Arvind Mills Limited Santej Road Near Khatrej Taluka Kalol Dist Gandhinagar - 382721 Gujarat India Tel: +91-2764-281100/22 Fax: +91-2764-281027 Industry Mentor – Mr. Vijay Mehta
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ARVIND LIMITED Arvind limited, the company which now holds a position globally was initiated by the three brothers Kasturbhai, Narottambhai and Chimanbhai in 1931, when India began boycotting fine and superfine fabrics made in Britain. The Lalbhai’s reasoned the demand for the need made of Indian fine and superfine fabrics and started Arvind limited with a share of Rs.2,525,000 shares, with 52,560 ring spindles, 2552 doubling spindles and 1122 looms it was one of the few companies in those days to start along with spinning and weaving facilities in addition to full-fledged facilities for dyeing, bleaching, finishing and mercerizing. The company outgrew all its competitors within a few years and today it is one of the largest companies, with a share of $500 million, it soon ventured into the following markets.
TEXTILE ANNUAL CAPACITy DENIMS 120 Million Meters SHIRTING 35 Million Meters KHAKI 21 Million Meters KNITS 10,000 Tonnes VOILES 33 Million Meters
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Arvind has truly become global. With the best of technology and business acumen.Arvind today manufactures fabric for the following brand names:In – house brands Excalibur Flying machine Ruff and tuff New Port university Licensed Brands Gant. Arvind has carved out an aggressive strategy to verticalize its current operations by setting up worldscale garmenting facilities and offering a one-stop shop service.arvindmills.5 www. Arvind Mills Ltd is one of India’s largest composite manufacturer of textiles.S. the company endeavors to be a one-stop shop for leading garment brands. and on its way becoming the Global Textile Conglomerate. Arvind is already making its presence felt in Shirting’s. 1949 Hart Shaffner Marx USPA Sansa Belt Pier Cardin Paris Arrow Cherokee Joint Ventured Brands Tommy Hilfiger Nautica Lee Wrangler Wrangler Hero Riders Now. Mumbai. The Arvind Mills was set up with the pioneering effort of the Lalbhai brothers in 1931.Kasturbhai is the chairman and managing director of the company. With the Indian economy poised for rapid growth. Arvind brands with its international licenses of Lee. Knits and Khakhis fabrics apart from being all set to create ripples in the ready to wear Garments world over. Arvind has a worldwide network today. Today. London. Bangalore and Ahmedabad. Excalibur and Ruf & Tuf. having chosen to invest strategically. Mauritius. Arvind has become a true Indian multinational. Newport. is setting it’s vision on becoming the largest apparel brands company in India. It has today acquired fame and position as one of the foremost denim and jeans manufacturer of the world Page no.Lalbhai grandson of Late. Arrow and Tommy Hilfiger and its own domestic brands of Flying Machine. U. Such a focus has enabled the company to play a dominant role in the global textile arena. With its presence across the textile value chain. . Shri. Wrangler. shirting’s.20 billion (US$ 500 million) Lalbhai Group. Delhi. Arvind Mills has set the pace for changing global customer demands for textiles and has focused its attention on select core products. Bangladesh. Mr. denims. where demand has been high and quality required has been superlative. The Arvind Mills Limited is the flagship company of Rs. Sanjay S.A. Forevision and Technology has brought Arvind to be one of the top three producers of Denim in the world. to its international and domestic customers. with offices in New York. knits and khakis. of offering garment packages.com .
parallely allinged slivers in which individual fibers can be pulled out easily are produced.Here.Slivers are made into roving bobbins by imparting a slight twist and drawing under tension through roller pairs. Finely. Post Draw frame:.arvindmills.7 www. smooth. Comber:-The laps are fed into where they are combed by rollers with tooth.The individualization of fibre takes place.The yarns are made to pass through flames at fixed temperature and pressure.Here 8 carded slivers are fed into the drawing machine where they are combined and drawn into a single sliver using some tension. .6-12 combed sliver are further combined. neps are removed and a long and uniform slive is obtained which is collected in drums.The yarns are rewound again after they are singed. Rewinding:. this results in the removal of black soot from the surface of the yarns. parallelized and the sliver quality is improved by drawing. weaving.It’s the process of converting fibres into yarn. The fibers processed here are cotton and blends of cotton and polyester. TfO:. Rewinding:.The yarns are rewound again after they are singed. Ring frame:.The two for one twist machine is for twisting th plied yarns and producing bigger cones. This is done to remove lose fibers and short hair that cause disturbance in the smoothness of yarn. this results in the removal of black soot from the surface of the yarns. Pre Draw frame:.Yarns from bobbins are transferred to bigger packages called cone on Simple cone winder or Machine winder or Autoconer. They are then fed into the machine by vaccum suction for cleaning and transported further by blowing air. WINDING SINGEING Speed frame:. for this fibres have to go through a number of processes Blow Room Carding Pre Draw Frame Comber Post Draw Frame Fibres Speed Frame Ring Frame Winding TFO Singeing Rewinding. Carding:. blow Room:. cotton and lycra.com . winding:.Roving is spun into yarn of desired count by imparting twist. thus reducing the mass/length of the forming yarn. Singeing:. processing and finishing. the bales of cotton fibres are laid spread out and openend up. BLOW ROOM RE-WINDING CARDIND RING FRAME Page no.ARVIND SHIRTINgS Arvind shirting is a composite unit with spinning. Top quality cotton is imported from various places:VARIETy Karo Gizza-76 Acala Pima REgION West Africa Egypt Sudan Australia qUALITy Long and Strong Extra Long and Strong Long and Strong Extra Long and Strong SPINNINg:. cotton and nylon.
It’s the process of passing fabrics through flame to produce an even surface by burning off projecting fibres.Warping 2. bleaching:.arvindmills.For yarn winding the process is as follows INSPECTION:. Package Dyeing:. Sizing:-The yarns from warp beam are passed through size solution. Mercerization:-This is a treatment with caustic soda given to cotton fabric and thread employed to give cotton a lustrous appearance.sizing:. Rapier loom.The pattern for a fabric requires yarn of specific length. Inspection Grey Mending Finish Mending Rolling Batching.The batch of fabric is passed through a number of processes to enhance the properties of the fabric. Drawing:-The free ends from the beam are pulled vertically and clamped on the brush beam. They are combed slightly and fitted on drawing in machine.The mercerized fabric is passed through a Vertical Drying Range where drying takes place. 1. The use of enzymes ensures complete removal of starch– based sizes and also eliminates the need to use aggressive chemicals. Package Dyeing. weaving:. 2. Drying:. and color. GREY MENDING WARP SIZING DENTING DE . yarn ends and fuzz. Singeing:.Air jet. There are cylindrical stands onto which the packages are arranged and it is immersed in closed system.It is completely removing the size by the application of enzymes.Yarn Dyeing. this makes the yarns coarse so that they can resist friction and abrasion during weaving and other processing.Fabric inspection is examination of every yard of fabric as the fabric moves slowly across a lighted inspection table. Two types of looms are used for weaving here are1. 2. It can be of two types 1. De. Weft Winding Warp Sec. These are wound on the warp beam in this section. Sectional warping:.Bleaching is a chemical process used to enhance the whiteness of the fabric. Dyeing Rewinding Warping Sizing Drawing Weaving INSPECTION Processing:. .SIZING DRAFTING FABRIC SINGEING DYED PACKAGES AIR JET LOOM Page no.In this the yarn is dyed in “cheese” form.Weaving is the interlacing of warp(vertical) and weft(horizontal) yarns to make fabric.com . It works by the process of oxidation. number. Significant flaws are noted and the general condition of the fabric is determined and recorded.DyEINg:Dyeing is imparting colour to the fibre or fabric.9 MERCERIZATION www.
It is generally integrated with the finishing department. Mild Resin. Some other commonly used chemical finishes are:Normal soft finish.11 www. Airo finish:. Trough Squeezing Straightening Drying Batching Sanforising Stentering:. Inspection and Dispatch:.T.fINISHINg:. Moist cure finish. Liquid ammonia finish.The fabric is rotated at a very high speed and air is blown to give a soft hand to the fabric. There are two types of finishes 1. ETI – Easy to iron finish.P. Then it is stretched and dried.Finishing process are the value addition treatments given to the fabric to make it more attractive and appealing.Shrinking is carried out here to obtain pre. Mechanical. The friction gives a smooth feel to the fabric. Nano care finish. final quality control and logistics. Arvi-silk finish.The fabric is made to pass through a solution of finishing chemicals thus wetting it. Nano pel finish. DPR – Durable press ready finish. Mechanical finish Peach finish:.com . ORgANISATIONAL CHART ARVIND LIMITED Managing Director (Sanjay Lalbhai) HR Deptt. The finish prevents any further shrinking of stretching of fabric. responsible for making up. CALENDERING Administration and Accounts Administration Accounts Banking DRYING Page no. Stentering C. . FINISHING MACHINE Stores Exports & Quality domectics Assurance Garment packages division Chemical finish STENTER Spinning Weaving processing Engineering & Finishing Order Management & Documentation Production Purchases Production Order Management Sampling Documentation Invoicing Sanforising:.It is done by passing the fabric on drums with emery rollers at high speed.arvindmills. Chemical 2. U-V protective finish.shrunk fabrics. Perfumed finish. While stretching the yarns are aligned parallel. Vitamin E finish.
High value cotton shirting fabric has been made at Arvind’s 450 acre Santej Textile Complex with a total capacity of 33 million meters per annum. Santej Naroda. • World class product & design innovation.7 0. The design studio attached to the pilot mill is fully equipped to reproduce customer design samples and also to make customized seasonal collections. Computerized yarn-dyeing machines. Flexible production has been made possible and is reflected through: • Lower minimums. The state of the art machinery includes Yarn-singeing machines.com .PRODUCTION CAPACITIES AND CAPAbILITIES Arvind Limited has reached 1600 million meters of Denim per year and it is the third largest producer of Denim in the world. The garmenting capacity of Arvind Knit’s is supported by a fabric production of 4992 tones per annum. with the installation of the latest technology and continuous quality improvement program. product quality or order quantity.5 million yards per annum and a turnover of USD 97 million per annum of 100% high value cotton shirtings has been made at Arvind’s 450-acre Santej textile complex near Ahmedabad.0 The plant has an integrated manufacturing facility from yarn to finished fabrics under one roof. Next and Tommy Hilfiger. automatic drawing-in machines. which can perform tests of international standards. With a capacity of 18 million metres per annum the green field venture of Arvind is a sincere effort towards achieving global dominance. • Consistency and quality. Technical Excellence has been achieved through: • Investments in state-of-the-art European Technology. It is equipped with state of the art technology right from spinning of the yarn to final processing and testing of the high quality fabric. whether it is information. The division believes in the philosophy “On time and in full”. .13 www.5 7.arvindmills.6 33. The SAP R/3 module facilitates better and faster material management for our customers. • Continuous product development – new fibres/yarns/finishes. Production capacity Yarn dyed Solid dyed Indigo Jacquard Total million yards/annum 18. ACTIVITIES •Cotton •Yarn •Fabric Denim Shirting Khakhi Knits •Apparel Denim Shirts Khakhi •Brands In-house Brands Intl licensees LOCATION Akola Ahmadabad. The testing laboratories are equipped with the latest testing equipment. It is equipped to spin compact yarn as well as slub yarns. All products are Eco-friendly and Oekotex 100 certified A capital investment of USD 100 million in a greenfield project with a capacity of 33. The Shirting division is committed to world class quality products. • Assurance of quality and consistency. • Strong emphasis on design creation/modification to suit specific customer needs.7 5. Delivery Adherence – on time every time. • Reflection of product/fashion dynamics. etc. and are accredited by Marks & Spencer. Santej Santej Santej Santej Bangalore Bangalore Bangalore Bangalore Bangalore Page no.
000 Spindles Unit 2 : 25. Handlooms • 11+4 small looms for Handlooms. • Products are within 25% of Uster world statistics : • Unit 1 : 33.000 tons • Fabrics Denim 100 mn meters Shirting 48 mn meters Khaki 18 mn meters Knit 4200 tons • Voiles 24 mn meters • Prints 5 mn meters • Apparel Shirts 4. • 5 Small sizing machines. SPINNINg • 58000 Spindles Yarn producing 100% cotton • 100% cotton and poly cotton blended yarn from 7 count to 170/2. wOVENS : MARkET SEgMENT Region Volume/Annum (Million meters) • USA 24 • EUROPE 17 • FAB RETAIL 20 • BRANDS 12 • RMG 7 • TRADE 4 • TOTAL 84 Mini Mill dedicated for Design & Development. • Capacity : 90+30 Handlooms/day • Color Library : 600 Reactive color shade : 200 VAT SECTIONAL WARPER wOVENS PRODUCTION CAPACITy Products • Yarn Dyeds • Non Yarn Dyeds Whites/Dyeds • Prints • Indigos Capacity per annum (Million meters) 54 23 6 7 SUZUKI WARPER Page no.arvindmills.15 www.000 Spindles Products Capacity per annum • Spinning 87.com .ARVIND INDUSTRIAL PARk • Location • Land area • Work Force • Technology • Vertical Integration Santej 450 Acre 1227 From around the world Entire production facility is under one roof.5 mn units Jeans 6 mn units PRODUCT PORTfOLIO yardages and blankets • 7+3 Suzuki Warpers • 4 Sectional Warpers • 24+19 looms • Capacity : 35+15 Yardages and Blankets / day. .
May Dept. kohls. Tommy Hilfiger. Carrefour. Talbots. Structured weaves. Roccawear. Linen : Compact. Anti-stain. Everfresh. Acolt. : Prepress. Viscose. Brushing. Herringbones. Everfresh. Max and many more. satins. Tencel. Satin : Aero Finish. Benetton.XLA). J. Nauatica. DKNY. Modal.PRODUCT RANgE AND bRANDS • COUNTS : 16s. Poplins. Kipling. dobbies and jacquards. 60s. Odor Free. 40s. Express. Liz Claiborne. Ben Sherman. Brooks Brothers. Jacquard. Biancalani. Chambrays and Solids in all possible weaves like twills. Mavi Jeans. Two-Ply. Twills. : 7/1 to 80/2. • bLENDS : 100% Cotton. French Connection. Light weight Denim : 16’s . Peter Werth. Massimo Dutti. Flying Machine. Cortefiel. Herringbones. Shirting (Dress) • Fibers • Yarns • Counts • Product • Finishes : Cotton (Giza 45. US Polo. Marc o polo. Fil-a-fils. Prepress. Stretch (Lycra.17 www. UV Cut. Solid dyed. Next. Devenhams.Jill. Tencel. Stretch (Lycra. Stain Free. Nordstrom. Banana Republic. Mélange. 30s.80’s/2 : Poplins. Polyester Cotton. Stretch. Nano-Pel. Burberry. JC Penny. Phat Farm. Linen. Giza 76.25 oz. Oshkosh. Nano-Care. 80/2 to 170/2s. Ruff & Tuff and New Port University CUSTOMERS • USA – Gap. Ahlers. Facconable. Lane Bryant. Spring Field. Prints. Satin. 2/100s and 2/140s • wEAVES : Twill( mainly 3/1). Polo. Twills. Super Soft. •INDIgO/SULPHUR : Indigo and sulphur-dyed casual products . Old navy. Carbonium Peach. Espirit. Organic. to 8. Perma-White Shirting (Casual) • Fibers • Categories • Counts • Product • Finishes : Cotton. Twills. 50s/1 to 100/1. 2/50s. Eddie Bauer. Bamboo. • VARIETIES : Yarn-Dyed Stripes.com . Emidio Tucci. Prints. Farhi. XLA). Dockers.Marks & Spsencer. Herringbones. Diamond Energizing. Three-Ply. Hart Schaffner. Feeling the pulse of society Arvind is successfully launching its in-house brands like Excalibur. J Crew. Arvi silk. Cherokee. Diamond Energizing and Brushing • EUROPE . Lands End. Lycra. Viscose. Pierre Cardin. 50s. Herringbone. Mastai Ferrati. RHT for double/ triple yarn. khakhi’s • Fibers • Categories • Count • Product • Finish : Cotton. Silk. 40s. Arvind has largest portfolio of International brands: Lee. : Dobby Structures. Linen. Kohl’s. Mervyns. Checks. Oxford ( plain & pinpoint). Oxfords. Page no. . Pigment and Sulphur). Kenzo. Palm Beach. Izod. Satin. 2/80s. Plain. Polyester etc : Solid Dyed (Reactive . Perry Ellis. Matt. 20s. 2/30s. etc.Silk Touch. A&F. • CHEMICAL fINISH : ETI. Pima). 50s. Arrow. in counts 24s. Oxfords. 4/120s : Canvas. Grindle. etc. Carbonium Peach.arvindmills. 30s. LHT for single yarn. Wrangler. Lords and Taylor. FC UK. Speedo. Singed. •MECHANICAL fINISH : Peaching. Yarn dyed. Tommy. Linen. Four-Ply etc. Pull and Bear. Tom Tailor. 2/80s and 2/100s. Ann taylor. Jansport. Oxford ind.0 oz. Structures : Aero Finish. : 16’S.3. etc. Modal etc : Yarn dyed . 24s. Nicole Ferrati.
Izod.cotton Cotton – poly Lycra Cotton – nylon Lycra Cotton – poly micro filament Cotton – core spun Cotton .Arrow. Anna Belle. Tommy Hilfiger.Flying Machine. Scullers. Excalibur.• INDIA. Microprocessor controlled equipment with robotic storage system allow quick response to trends. Pantaloon. Megamart. Color Plus. Wrangler. ITC Wills. Van Huesen.19 www. Park Avenue. Cherokee.viscose Page no. Raymonds. Indian Terrain. Zodiac. Lee. Provogue. Urbana. Blackberry. Ruggers. Louis Philippe. Barc Leisure. Levi’s.Allen Solly. Sansabelt. The labs are accredited by Marks & Spenser. Bombay Dyeing. Indus League.arvindmills. The PPC department is functioning well with ERP(Enterprise resource planning) by using software like SAP and DATATEX Tencel and blends 100% tencel Tencel – cotton/linen/wool/ nylon/poly Tencel Lycra Indigo tencel Modal and blends 100% modal Modal -cotton/linen /poly Silk and blends 100% silk Silk –cotton/linen Tactel blends Tactel – cotton Other blends ARVIND bRANDS • Own brands. MATERIALS AND MANUfACTURINg PROCESS The industry integrates weaving. Peter England. Ruf & Tuf. Cool max. COMPETITORS • Madure Garments. dying and finishing and is well equipped to weave and process 100% cotton as well as blends.com . . Gant. Indus League. • Licenced brands. Newport. Manzoni.
Shine 4.pel Nano. Fibers have to undergo certain processes from blowing to winding to take the shape of yarn.care Teflon sr and terlon ht Anti microbial Mosquito repellent Scented Moisture management Arvi silk Arvi platinum finish Process Specific :quality ManagementThe 5s working definitions are applied which carries the quality management: 1. Blow room Carding Predrawfame Unilap Comber Post draw frame Speed frame Ring frame Random winding Assembly winding TFO Singeing Page no. 2. It also reduces the waste and promotes the quality. 3.7/16 from china quality Long and strong cotton Long and strong cotton Long and strong cotton Long and strong cotton Long and strong cotton Extra long –very short cotton Long strong cotton Long strong cotton Extra long and extra strong cotton Extra long extra strong cotton Extra long and strong cotton Long strong cotton Long strong cotton Long and very strong cotton Extra long and very srong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton www.21 TyPES Of COTTON fIbERS USED IN ARVIND Name and place NHH-44 from India Ethel from brazil USI –1/8” from America Shankar-6 (super) from India Bunny Brahma from India MCU-5 from India Karo from west Africa Juli (mali) Bola – s burkina faso Gizza –76 from Egypt Gizza – 45 from Egypt Acala cotton from Sudan Raw cotton from Australia SJV Acala up laud from America Pima from Australia Pima from Israel Pima from America CISELS from Turkmenistan Barakrt from Sudan DCH-32 super from India MCU – 5 from India ELS 1.arvindmills.Set in order.” Spinning: is a process of converting fibers into yarns. . Processing Mechanical stretch Core filament cotton for higher DP rating Micro fiber with aero finish Easy to iron with extra softness Fiber blends SpinningArvind Limited is committed “to produce quality yarn for world class shirting with optimum cost within stipulated time frame through continuous improvement.com .finishes Nano .Standardize and 5.Sustain.Sort.
23 www. The bobbins are placed one by one in rows and the armed flyer of the machine is lowered to the level of a black ring on it. spread out and opened up. paralellised and the sliver quality is improved by drawing. parallely aligned slivers in which individual fibers can be pulled out easily are produced after combing. The sliver is made more uniform in terms of mass per unit length. The mass/ length is reduced. Clean fiber tufts are sent to the carding section through overhead channels. Comber lap emerges out of this machine. The TRUTZSCHER machines DK 760. Neps are removed. 2 rounds of roving are wound to begin with. Post draw frame: 6 combed slivers are further combined. A much finer thread of fibers are produced. A single roll of lap weighs is 1 kg. Unilap: Here 24-26 breaker slivers are combined to form a single lap sheet. They are called carded sliver that is of continuous length and collected in one drum at once. Short fibers are pulled out. the bales of cotton fibers sourced from various ginning mills are laid.arvindmills. There are 3 blowers of TRUTZSCHER BO 046 and 1 blendomat of TRUTZSCHER VDT 019. Comber: The laps are fed into the system where they are combed by rollers with teeth. a machine that moves with toothed rollers running along then bales thus opening and blending them in layers. The rpm of blower is 72-140. Breaker sliver is the output. The blending happens with the help of Blendomat. A relative humidity of 51-53% and temperature of 33-35% are maintained on the floor. These are then fed into a machine by vacuum suction for cleaning and transported further by blowing air. Carding: Individualization of fibers takes place. Page no. They move through chambers where the dust and other impurities embedded in the fibers are separated out. KHC 891 and FDK 533 are employed here.Finely smooth. Drawing: Pre draw frame: 8 carded slivers are fed into the drawing machine where they are combined and drawn into a single sliver using some tension. and the guide on the arm carries it all around the bobbin thus winding it parallely.com . 8 laps are combined to form 1 combed sliver. Speedframe: Slivers are made into roving bobbins by imparting a slight twist and drawing under tension through roller pairs. These are called finished sliver. The drums were marked with colored rubber ribbons according to the count of yarn to be spun from that sliver. .blow room: Here. parallel and improved. The are 14 machines in one row and 7 in another. There is facility to do three different mixing fiber types simultaneously. A uniform and long sliver is formed which is collected in drums.
The two for one twist machine is for twisting the plied yarn and produces bigger cones.8 kg. 4 pairs of rollers with and without groves play the drawing action thus reducing the mass/length and forming yarn. A cone weighs app 1. but only parallel winding of 2 or more yarns for ply and wound on cheese. The bobbins when empty are tracked back to be collected by vacuum suction and dropped into a bin. TfO: Random winding/ cone winding: Yarns from the bobbin are transferred to bigger packages called cone on simple cone winder/ mach winder or Autoconer.arvindmills.Ring frame: This is the process of formation of yarn. . Those with free end are transported further and attached to the loose end present in the cone continuing the winding process.25 www. There is no twist. here. Roving is spun into the yarn of desired count by imparting twist. Bobbins placed in magazine are moved through channels and detected for loose ends. a guide takes the yarn around the package forming a firm setting. Then they are just spliced with each other thus avoiding knotting to get better efficiency in weaving. To prevent sloughing off. Page no. Z/Z twist is given.com . 2 cones are used to double the yarn. Assembly winding: Here. These are wound on smaller spindles.
Then slivers are fed into a drawing machine where they are combined and drawn. Then the individualization of fibers take place called Carding. Spinning is a process of converting fibers into yarns.e. Rewinding The yarns are again rewound after they are singed. There are 34 Lakshmi Ring Frames in which 1008 bobbins can get filled in a single machine. Here two batching machines are working with an average speed of 2000mts/hr. The speed of Air-jet loom is 720 rpm and 270300 mts fabric are woven per loom per day whereas the speed of Rapier loom is 520 rpm and the production is around 200 mts/loom/ day.com . weaving For Weaving.1. The significant flaws are noted and defects get corrected by gray mending and finish mending. CNG is used as fuel and singed yarn is obtained as output. Page no. it is the application of starch on the warp yarns to overcome tension levels in warp and to overcome the effects of abrasion and friction. the mission is “to achieve ‘zero weaving defects’ with continuous improvement in process control parameters & training of people. The yarns are now kept packed under some cover ready to go for dyeing. The shed holds 170 looms which includes 98 Air-jet looms and 72 Rapier looms.5 kg. There are two types of yarn dyeing frames – spring frame and P. After that denting and drafting is done and then interlacing of warp and weft yarns is done to produce the fabric. Yarns from the bobbin are transferred to bigger packages called cone by the process called Winding.” The yarn is transferred from single packages of yarn to an even sheet of yarn representing a number of sectioned bands of color wound onto a warp beam. which consists of 315 cones in each. Fibers have to undergo certain processes from blow room to winding room to take the shape of yarn. 21 TRUTZSCHLER carding machines are their. Then again the fabric rolls are made and batching is done by combining similar kind of rolls in huge batches for further processes. The Omni air-jet and Gamma rapier looms are of PICANOL.27 www.arvindmills. . Then it goes to yarn singeing and/or to yarn dyeing as per requirements. 12 draw frames are employed here out of which 6 for pre-draw frame and 6 for post-draw frame. spread out and opened up with the help of blendomat and the cotton contamination controller. The no. Four Sucker Muller (Hacoba) machine is applied for the sizing. This results in the removal of the black soot from the surface of the yarns. Hence the process of formation of yarns completed. There are 21 grey inspection tables. pressure and maintaining other specifications. the examination of every yard of fabric as the fabric moves slowly across a lighted inspection table.2 machines are currently being employed now to solve the working efficiency of the factory. In blow room the bales of cotton are laid. After the weaving the inspection is required i. Of rewinding machines are 2 under the singeing shed area and are known by the name main pilot motor. Before applying onto the loom shed Sizing of warp is necessary.Singeing: The yarns are made to pass through flames at fixed temperature. Roving is spun into the yarn of desired count by imparting twist. Slivers are made into roving bobbins by imparting a slight twist & drawing under tension through roller pairs. Soft package winding is done for dying. Each cone weighs 1 . In Arvind the Chute feed system works for further process. The laps are fed into the system where they are combed by rollers with tooth.P. The package is called a pallet. tube. This is done to remove loose fibers and short hairs that cause disturbance in the smoothness of the yarn.
SIZING LOOM SHED After warping and drafting the weavers beam along with the drop wire heald shaft and reed are loaded on the frame of the loom. After sizing they are coded. the pattern is placed alternately. . SECTIONAL wARPINgThe pattern for a fabric requires yarn of specific length. According to number of packages required for sectional warping. The 7 lease help in sizing to separate layers in order prevent sticking together. The Murata rewinding machines have a capacity of 50 spindles and they are 10 in total. as these would not have received proper sizing.e. codes fed on computer and stored on shelves with pulleys. which includes modified starch. binders and softeners. 50% leasing helps in drawing. For shirting. i. At the rear end. They get wound on a beam called weavers beam. 2-3 Local Mahavir machines can hold 120 spindles at once. There are 8 rows on the creel.wEAVINg PREPARATORy RE-wINDINgThe final cones from spinning are used to rewind the yarns on perforated bobbins to form soft cheeses that will be sent for winding. A constant length of yarn is wound on all packages. Each row is used as layer for leasing. The loom shed has a capacity of 170 looms all together. RE-WINDING SIZINgA Sucker Muller (hacoba) make machine is employed for sizing. 7 lease are introduced in the beginning of every section and a 50% lease towards the end. 13572468 upwards. A creel of capacity 720 cones holds the yarns.com . 7 lease rods separate the layers and yarns pass through a zigzag reed with even dents to ensure uniformity. which holds the yarns according to the warp pattern. the yarns directly from beam dyeing are brought and the combination takes place during the sizing and drying and the total yarns for warp emerges and winds on weavers beam.arvindmills. These are drawn through a leasing reed and warping reed and the emerging pattern wound on warping drum and finally on warping beam. These are wound on the warp beam in this section. For double colored patterns. All ends on the warp beam are taped on both sides twice along the length to prevent slipping. The first 7-8 metres of warp are cut and removed.29 www. number and color. The yarns from warp beam are passed through size solution. 12 rollers dry the sized yarns. As and when required it is possible to give the code and obtain the beam. SECTIONAL WARPING LOOM SHED Page no.
the mission is “ To add significant value to yarn and fabric at every processing stage. Fabric dyeing is done only when the fabric has to be dyed in a single flat color. Maximum of six colors can be used as weft. The reed moves as the denting proceeds to occupy the position to catch the yarn. It works on the principle of cam shedding.luster and an affinity to dye by Kyoto machine. They are combed slightly and fitted on drawing in machine.arvindmills. Drop wires and heald wires are filled in magazines that will be used during drawing. dyeing and mercerization. After de-sizing the rotation of the batch is required for 8 hrs to avoid accumulation of chemicals at one place. which forms a straight line. There is one DuPond Artistri 2020 machine of OUPONT is used for digital printing which has a production speed of 11mts/hr. PDPS m/c is used for reactive and vat dyes. The rapier looms are 72 in number and are used for weaving fancy fabrics through dobby. while some of the looms have 8 shafts to make slightly complicated designs. Rapier ProcessingFor Processing.com .There are two different types of machines present in the loom shed: 1. After printing is done the color fixation is required which is performed by the processes Ageing and Curing for reactive and pigment printing respectively.31 www. Then the heald frames are inserted.Table printing. Most of the fabrics require the Bleaching process in which the whiteness of the fabric is increased by oxidation. All specifications as drafting order. denting order are stored in computer. Th free ends are pulled vertically and clamped on the brush beam. BENNINGER m/cs are employed for continuous bleaching. Most of these looms can weave designs using 4 shafts. Up to 8 colors can be inserted as weft. Constant monitoring is required to avoid errors AIR JET LOOM RAPIER LOOM Page no.” Fabric singeing is done to remove the hairiness of the fabric by passing it through flame at a very high speed then it goes for de-sizing in which the starch is removed that was applied during the sizing process onto the yarns. with continuous improvement in quality & customer service. AUTO DRAwINg IN MACHINE (STAUby DELTA 200) The sized beam with 50% lease is attached to a weaving assembly truck. Speed of production in Rotary m/c is 50-80 mts/min. Airjet 2. There are three methods of fabric Printing that is done here. One OSTHOF m/c is employed for singeing and de-sizing both. The target production for one shift is around 35. drop wire and dent. The Mercerization process comes to give the fabric. A batch of 5000-6000 mts is bleached at any given time. other m/cs are Jigger and Jet-dye machine. 16 to 20 shafts are used to make woven designs. Rotary printing and Digital printing.000 mts. The production capacity of these machines is 270 to 300 meters of fabric per loom per day. About 200 meters of fabric are produced by one loom in a day. Rapier action draws in yarns by breaking them and pulling though heald. . The speed of production is 25-50 mts/min. Then washing is done which includes one steaming and two fresh water wash. Separate screen for separate color design is used. In ageing the fabric is passed through steam at 150˚C for 7 minute whereas in Curing the fabric is passed through steam of 102˚C for 5 minutes There are 98 Airjet looms for weaving plain fabrics and operates at a speed of 720 rpm.
It takes about 8 1 / 2 hours to complete the entire process that includes pretreatment and dyeing of the yarn. Sequestering/ Chelating agent 2.33 www. Yarn is weighed and tagged to be put into the solution for dyeing. The Recipe includes: SOLUTION MAkERTo prepare dye solutions of accurate and specific concentration. Generally reactive HE dyes are dyed at 80 C since these are hot brand dyes. A beaker is placed in which some quantity of water is filled. To check the uniformity of dyeing. For vat dyes it depends on dye-class. Spectra dye: its capacity is 7.com . Then they refer to their library where almost one lakh shades and their recipes have been recorded.Reactive 1.&@ DISPENSERThere is a stock of primary dye solutions that can be mixed in specific proportions to get any shade. This is referred to as the ‘within package leveling report’. Then the sample is dried in the dryer. The ratio of chemicals and temperature depends upon the shade of the dye. 5gms 3. The dried yarn is then wound on to a card The yarn card is placed before Page no. Sodium hydro sulphite (reducing agent) 3. Caustic (to make vat soluble in water) 4. Stabilizer for peroxide Acid for neutralization Dyeing. Salt (for exhaustion) 3. The range of dye that can be added is shown on the screen. H2O2 (oxidizing agent) TURBOMAT SPETRA DYE INFRARED COLOUR Then the samples are washed in open bath beaker mechanically. The machines which are used are: 1. Alkali-caustic/ soda ash Pretreatment. Hence never used in shirting. The dye bath is ready at 70 C and gradually increased. The swatches could be in the form of fabric. Then the yarn or the fabric swatch is treated with dye for required amount of temperature and time. The pressure exercised is 3kg/cm3. Color 2. The count of yarn required. the light source to be tested under.Scouring 1. yarn from 4 different layers of a package is wound on a card and compared. The shade that is closest to the given swatch is chosen and recipe is modified till the perfect shade is achieved. Soda ash (for fixation) 4. turbomat: its capacity is minimum 70gms. Usually reactive and vat dyes are used for dyeing. Water is filled to achieve that concentration. HEXL and vat dyes are used for mercerization. AUTOLAB. Color (HE/ME) 2. The recipes of different trial are recorded in the work sheet.Bleaching 1.Vat 1. Hydrogen peroxide 2. De-aerating cum wetting agent 3. yarn or paper cuttings. Then it is taken and agitated for homogenous mixing. process following dyeing before matching. HTHP machines are used and the capacity varies from 100 to 700 kg. . this is helpful. Yarn is dyed in package form in closed system. the required quantity are all mentioned in a specification sheet and received from the design and development department. Leveling agent Dyeing. any special remarks. The quantity of yarn to be dyed in a particular shade will be specified by the PPC department. 2. Infrared colour: its capacity is 20gms Pretreatment. The weight of the package is 12kgs to 78kgs.arvindmills. The beaker is replaced and desired concentration entered in the system. Cold brand dyes are not used since they have lower fastness and not suitable for mercerization process.yARN DyEINg The swatches sent by the customer to be reproduced are considered as standard on which the yarn color depends. This is a computerized process and requires little intervention manually.
This is a computerized color matching system.pad. Drying and curing take place here. Vat pigment. optical brightening or their combination. Horizon etc are used according to specification of the customer. Cold white. VERIVIDE and SPECTRA LIGHT are light boxes used for color matching visually. IN OUT for reactive dyes and IN OUT and OUT IN for vat dyes.35 www. Soaping: ADW is added to wash off extra dyes.(cold. The liquor is sent back to mixing vessel where soda ash is added for fixation. MATHIS PAD STEAM RANGE: fabric is fed from one side and moves along rollers while being treated with caustic+ hydrose.Procedure bleaching: LS. F-11 Filament. mercerization. The solution is drained and material is washed for 10 minutes at 80 C. The color is added finally and boiled at 80 C for 30 minutes. steam.(pad-dry.arvindmills. Reactive. MATHIS DRIER: the time is set and fabric inserted. MATHIS PADDING MANGLE SPECTRA LIGHT MATHIS DRIER MATHIS PAD STEAM RANGE Page no. It is sent to the dyeing chamber and treated at 80 C for 45 minutes. incandescent. PIECE DyEINg The swatch obtained from the customer is measured for the color by computer. A close shade is predicted and recipe obtained. Drying: If the yarn matches.5 hrs. it is drained of chemicals. The different lights UV. washing: H2O2 and alkali are removed by treatment with hot water at 95 C for 10 minutes. . A maximum of 250 C can be achieved. Shade matching: Once the yarn is dried it is sent for shade matching in computer. YL is added for lighter shade and Supra for darker shade are added for softening and fixing. Codes are allotted to each shade according to the type of dye used. SPLF. STCP and caustic are taken at room temperature and raised to 50 C. It is washed in cold water for 2 minutes. This also reduces the dyes thus fixing them permanently. D65 (daylight). TC 84. Dyeing: Fresh hot water is taken in the dyeing chamber.steam) 3. U30. the sample is inserted into the solution and taken out between two rollers.com . Cold wash is carried out after this followed by rinsing and drying. H2O2 is added at 95 C and stirred for 30 min. Washing with fresh water at 80 C for 10 minutes is done. These codes are useful for reference. Matching is done in unprocessed stage or after bleaching. The peroxide and alkali are neutralized with acetic acid and 10L. it is stirred for 5 min in mixing vessel and brought to the dyeing chamber. Then the package goes to RF machine for drying which takes 1. LSER and SPLF (wetting agent) are added to soften the water. H2O2 . quantity and basic color. soap + soda. Again stirring happens.batch-wash) MATHIS PADDING MANGLE: a continuous process of dyeing.1. Vat. These are: 1. hot water and cold water. This is stirred for 10 minutes and salt added.Caladon(pad-dry-cure) 2. Dyeing takes place in stages following procedures according to the type of dye.pad. Th procedure is for 20 minutes at 95C.
Mild resin. The fabric is treated in Stenter where it is made to pass through a solution of finishing chemical with Polyethylene emulsion and squeezed.arvindmills. We pass the fabric between rubber beds and over hot rollers shrinks it to desired width. Calendar finish. Then the fabric goes for specific kind of finishes like Arvi-silk finish. It gets continuous design inputs on latest international trends from designers based in Italy and UK. Liquid ammonia. .37 www. • Our designers constantly predict market trends offering our customers a wide range of products. Customized collections for key customers(based on their concepts/inputs). Micro scent. qualified from Internationally reputed institutes. There are some mechanical finishes which don’t need any chemical or water. U-V protective. Calendar finish increases the shinning whereas peach adds toughness to the fabric. ETI. The design Studio is fully equipped with latest technologies. Soft finish. Italian and Spanish designers on board. Stock Service through the Classic Line Collection.com . Range Collections: Season-wise collections for S/S and A/W. Anti-microbal. Vitamin-E. Moistcure etc. After that in Straightening Unit the weft yarns are aligned parallel with the help of photo-sensered cameras. • Each season we design. Two LAFER machines are employed for mechanical finish • The division has an in-house Design Studio with a team of qualified professional designers. Nano care finish. • 23 in house designers. collections in fresh colors expressing our deep knowledge of fabrics. Page no. peach finish and Airo finish come in this category.fINISHINg DESIgN AND DEVELOPMENT Finishing is the combined process of value addition of the fabric as per the requirements. Great emphasis on Design and Product Development. For Sanforising and Stentering Machines of MONFORTS are employed. Sanforising prevents any further stretching or shrinking of fabrics while being used by consumer.
When the cads are approved then the sampling is one through the ddc department. may be fabric imitations. Handlooms • 11+4 small looms for Handlooms.com . First the handlooms are generated and then it sent to the clients for approval. The total sampling is done here. The recent developments and the new ones are generated here with the help of cad system . cutting from the magazines or other sources. when the approvals are done then the running yardages of 20 – 60 meters are developed here to see how the fabrics look in the running stage . • 5 Small sizing machines.39 www. we are a one stop shop of fabrics and Apparel.once the approvals is done from the client side then the final bulk production takes place.facilities: Computer Aided Designing A mini mill dedicated to design & development Sample sizing & warping for desk loom samples & road samples Independent weaving for sample making Small package dyeing machine for new shades Comprehensive shade library to enable quick responses.arvindmills.tex cad is the software which is brought into use by the well skilled designers here. Yardages and blankets • 7+3 Suzuki Warpers • 4 Sectional Warpers • 24+19 looms • Capacity : 35+15 Yardages and Blankets / day. Apart from this the major portion of the DDC dealing is analysis of the samples from outside clients and developments done on the basis of the analysis. Showrooms • Ahmedabad • New York • Hong Kong • Dhaka Mini Mill dedicated for Design & Development. . The samples come in the form of small pieces. Once the sample is analyzed then it is sent for desk loom development. • Capacity : 90+30 Handlooms/day • Color Library : 600 Reactive color shade : 200 VAT SANTEJ SHOWROOM The design house is divided into 2 sections the DDC department and the design studio. paper designs copying. NEW YORK SHOWROOM Page no.
HVI 900 This is a semi-operated machine and measures all parameters except color.the percentage of coarseness and fineness of the fiber i. Around 150-200 gms of fibers are taken for testing. The clean cotton serves as a standard for testing efficiency of carded sliver. TN Maharashtra AP MP. Punjab. micro dust and major impurities. Haryana.qUALITy ASSURANCE • QA Lab is accredited by • Marks & Spencers • Levi’s • L L Bean • Next • Gap Inc • Invista (For Lycra Testing) • Liz Claiborne (Under Process) • We are Oekotex-100 certified. which a fiber has to undergo before it is sent further. AP. A comb is used to take out ‘fiber beard’.arvindmills. in the fiber stage only there are certain relevant tests. 10-100 g of fiber is taken and the output includes clean cotton. Rajasthan Gujarat Rajasthan. which fulfills all the requirements and measures the different parameters for cotton to be used in production. Rajasthan Gujarat Gujarat Karnataka Gujarat Gujarat. Maharashtra Maharashtra Below 15 16-18 19-21 21-22 21-22 21-23 21-23 24-26 23-26 26-28 24-26 24-26 24-26 24-28 25-27 24-28 25-27 26-28 26-28 27-29 27-30 28-30 30-35 33-38 36-39 1. the degree of yellowness or whiteness of the fibers. Maharashtra Maharashtra Gujarat MP AP. The testing starts at its infancy i. which it detects. • Arvind is certified to Eco Sustainable textiles standards and Organic Exchange 100 • We are committed to Fair Trade and our product meets the Fair trade principles. .com . Vigilant On-Line and Off-Line QA at all stages of Production to sustain consistent Product. Haryana Punjab Haryana Rajasthan Maharashtra Maharashtra Maharashtra. Maharashtra. TN MP. 3. fIbRO SAMPLER.41 www. USTER MDTA 3 This is used to test impurities in cotton.Rd: the color i.HVI SPECTRUM (High Volume Instrument) – ZELLWEGER USTER This is a prime instrument.short fiber length (no.e.e. AP. Karnataka AP. Variety of cotton Assam comila Bengal deshi Kalagin Wagad Jaydhar G 12 G 11/Digvijay V 797 J 34 F 414 H 777 Agetti DHY 286 AHH 486 NHH 44 LRA 5166 MCH 1/11 JKHY 1 MECH 1 H 4/ H 6 S6 S4 MCU 5 DCH 32 SUVIN AK 277 G6 Y1 AKHG CJ 73 A 51/9 1007 Varalakshmi Region of procurement Span length mm Assam Punjab. of fibers lesser than ½”) 6. 2. are as follows: 1. There are certain quality tests that the yarns have to undergo at each stage to ensure total quality assurance. MP. the micronaire measurement.the different criteria.length of the fiber 2. MP Gujarat Rajasthan.e. Gujarat AP.strength of the fiber 4.uniformity in the length 3. Tamil Nadu Maharashtra Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra. 7. which is used to feed the machine. Page no.elongation or elastic behavior of the fiber 5. TN.
C1…denotes the length of the fault. It runs at a speed of 400 m per min. doubled and open end yarn. The thick and thin. 500 readings are taken each out of 10 packages of one sample. Elongation of the yarn is also measured. USTER UNEVENESS TESTERThis tests and reads thick places (+50%). USTER TENSOjETThis is a single yarn strength-testing instrument.7/16 from china qUALITy Long and strong cotton Long and strong cotton Long and strong cotton Long and strong cotton Long and strong cotton Extra long –very short cotton Long strong cotton Long strong cotton Extra long and extra strong cotton Extra long extra strong cotton Extra long and strong cotton Long strong cotton Long strong cotton Long and very strong cotton Extra long and very srong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton Extra long and very strong cotton CLASSIMATThis instrument tests faults in the yarn.43 www. A3…denotes the mass of the yarn which in turn is a measure of thickness. This is inprocess checking TwIST TESTERAccording to the required specifications twist of the yarn is measured in this which involves different methods for single. The Uneveness % and hairiness as a sum of total hair lengths are obtained At stages of ring winding. it is a long and thick area.arvindmills. long and short areas of the yarn are detected and categorized according to the severity. It gives the values in unit of force/ count = g/tex. A1. yarn from 10 packages is tested. F and G of the graph show thin and long areas. cone winding etc tests are conducted many times a week to ensure consistency. At a speed of 400m/min. . Page no. while A1. thin places (-50%) and neps (200%).yarn fault-testing Types of cotton fibers used in Arvind NAME AND PLACE NHH-44 from India Ethel from brazil USI –1/8” from America Shankar-6 (super) from India Bunny Brahma from India MCU-5 from India Karo from west Africa Juli (mali) Bola – s burkina faso Gizza –76 from Egypt Gizza – 45 from Egypt Acala cotton from Sudan Raw cotton from Australia SJV Acala up laud from America Pima from Australia Pima from Israel Pima from America CISELS from Turkmenistan Barakrt from Sudan DCH-32 super from India MCU – 5 from India ELS 1. 100 km of yarn can be tested at once. roving.com . In a graph. If the resultant value falls under E. B1. A2.
45 www. So accordingly after considering all these factors including the production cost. HAIRINESS TESTEROn the basis of optical principle. count. COSTINg Costing is decided as per several stages from Picking up the fiber to the finishing of the fabric. the entire cost of the fabric depends on all of the above mentioned parameters. . wRAP bLOCkIt is used to measure the hank of the feeding material to decide the setting for the next process yARN bOARD wINDERIs done when required.arvindmills.com . the Price of the fabric is quoted to the apparel manufacturer. construction (EPI and PPI). finish of the fabric etc. These stages summed up together add-on to the final cost of the fabric.AfIS (ADVANCED fIbER INfORMATION SySTEM)An in process testing system for detecting neps. the hairiness is measured as the number of hairs per unit length for 24 mm. Here. ELECTRONIC LEA STRENgTH TESTERThe lea is subjected to pulling force by means of clamps and breaking strength is tested. Page no. length. the yarn is wound on black or white board according to its own color and analyzed subjectively for slubs. overheads and the Profit margins. The end usage of the fabric manufactured by Arvind is garments and the buyer of the fabric is basically a garment manufacturer. micronaire till roving stage. The value obtained is CSP (count strength product). weave. Different apparel manufacturing companies have different types of requirement as per the weight of the fabric (GSM). percentage of colour usage.
MARkETINg AND DISTRIbUTION Marketing Capability factors Marketing capability factors could be segregated into three basics categories: • Product • Promotion • Price DOMESTIC MARkET ENVIRONMENT CONSUMER DEMAND • The consumer in the household sector demanded better quality fabric. and Indian terrain etc. MEXX.‡ TRADE CHANNELS • The trade channel comprised of agents and wholesalers which were very slow to change and continued to demand conventional products. ESPRIT. In retail market too Arvind has direct links with middleman or agents or direct fabric selling retailers. . jackets etc. SCOTCH AND SODA and REPALY.47 www. LUCKY JEANS etc.com . In domestic brands Arvind targets the customer directly like Louis Philippe. Promotion • Creating awareness : An initial challenge • Creating customer orientation • Focused on encouraging awareness of denim and high premium garments • Goal of developing long term trusting relationship with patients Price • lower prices in comparison to the competitors due to the availability of low cost domestic cotton and labour EMERgINg SHIfT Of INTERNATIONALgARMENT bUSINESS Reason • Low cost of domestically produced cotton. Colorplus. It is market sensitive. They take fabrics from Arvind Ahmedabad and then convert it into ready to wear garments for many brands like GAP. The department mainly has to see what the final outcome of the product is: • always in touch with internal+ external customers • need to know when to produce what • fashion cycle+ high international margin/ international customers behave in a different way In export Arvind basically sells through buying offices like impulse. The same thing is done in Arvind export division Bangalore. • Low cost of labor • Weak currency Page no. trousers. li and fung etc or directly and even through RMGs (Ready Made Garments) like Ranger and brfl (Bombay rayon fashions limited) etc. RMGs are ready made garment converters for export brands. • These trade channels held a very powerful position in the textile distribution Product • Unisex leisure/fashion fabric both for international and domestic market • High quality fabric for men’s formal shirts and bottom both for international and domestic market • Fashion fabric for women primarily for domestic women • Readymade garments for men-shirts and jeans • Wide range of textile products and brands Retail DivisionMainly for domestic market and management process. and sell it to export brands. In Arvind like Ranger is supplying to GANT. BROOKS.arvindmills. They always buy fabric and then make shirts.
The A&F brand itself focuses on casualwear and accessories for a target consumer ages of 18 through 22. Founded in 1892 in Manhattan by David T.arvindmills. • Arvind family is associated with formation of premier management institute of country the Indian Institute of Management (IIM Ahmedabad). the brand has embarked on international expansion throughout various world markets. Page no. headed by chairman and CEO Michael S.Education & Social Endeavors • Arvind runs 6 schools. • Arvind continuously explore ways to foster environmental consciousness and awareness at all levels of the organization. The company also operates three off-shoot brands: Abercrombie. 12 colleges and 5 other institutions in Ahmedabad. Jeffries. • The family is also engaged in Rural Development. With over 300 locations in the United States.. • Arvind has established a Blind Men’s Association.SOCIAL RESPONSIbILITy SMALL SCALE PROjECTS bRAND STUDIES Abercrombie & fitch is a American fashion retailer. A&F had been an elite outfitter of sporting and excursion goods. Arvind . Hollister Co. • It is also a founding trustee of a Cancer hospital. minimize and continually reduce the environmental footprint of its operations and offer good working conditions. In 1995 Arvind owned the SHARDA (Strategic help alliance for relief to distressed areas) trust to improve physical environment and living conditions of rural areas. • At Arvind. in the communities where they carry on business.49 www. as the aspirational “Casual Luxury” lifestyle brand in present form. . and among the farmers. monitor. • Arvind has made comprehensive efforts to identify. Holding the corporate social responsibility(CSR) Arvind runs vocational programs for rural poor of the Khedbrahma taluka of Gujarat’s Sabarkantha district. suppliers and other stakeholders with whom we deal. Abercrombie.com . Ruehl and Gilly Hicks (targeting consumers between the ages of 12 to 30). they place the social and environmental responsibilities at the center of our management philosophy and our business. under the management of Mike Jeffries. It struggled financially from the late 1960s until it was purchased by The Limited in 1988 and repositioned.
The company also provided the military with flight suits. Approximately four hundred employees worked round-theclock shifts to keep up with the demand. sleeping bags. Page no.51 www. It was bought by Gap in 1983.arvindmills. In conjunction with the storefront. packs. In 1942. . and clothing as well. All built to one standard—to be the best. The company has over 500 stores located internationally The first Banana Republic storefront was located in Mill Valley. Bauer continued to design and experiment with sporting equipment and outerwear. California.com . The catalogue featured clothing from striking locales and had narrative stories throughout.banana Republic Banana Republic is an American clothing brand founded by Mel and Patricia Ziegler in 1978 as a travel-themed clothing company. which became known as the “Bomber Jacket” since it was worn by thousands of World War II (193945) pilots. at the request of the United States Army. The catalogue’s success allowed the Zieglers to open a second storefront a year later. men’s and women’s clothing. the Zieglers also started a mail-order catalogue that became an instant success. gear and accessories. snowshoes. and world-class mountaineering gear. EDDIE bAUER Eddie Bauer is an outdoor brand that offers signature outerwear.4 billion in annual revenue. he developed the B-9 Flight Parka. Today the Banana Republic has over 400 retail stores and generates 2.
women.1 million square metres in more than 40 countries.arvindmills. The company also operates Gap Outlet and Banana Republic Factory Outlet stores Page no.000 wholesale locations internationally.com . Gap brand includes Gap. Esprit also operates the Red Earth cosmetic brand which includes cosmetics. occupying total selling space of over 1. Old Navy. Banana Republic. affordable luxury and bringing newness and style to life. children and babies under the Gap. skin care and body care products.Esprit Esprit is an international youthful lifestyle brand offering smart. The Group operates more than 800 directly managed retail stores worldwide and distributes its products via more than 14. gap Inc Gap Inc.53 www. Piperlime and Athleta brand names. is a leading international specialty retailer offering clothing. Esprit licenses its logo to third-party licensees that offer products bearing the same Esprit quality and essence to consumers. GapKids. . babyGap and gapbody. accessories and personal care products for men.
H&M H&M clothing (H and M standing for Hennes & Mauritz AB). Erling’s son. inexpensive and very fashionable products.arvindmills. known for their quality. Stefan Persson. Crew J. In September 2008 H&M opened its first store in Japan. in 1947 by Erling Persson. Europe’s biggest shopping center “Golden Babylon” opened its H&M location in October 2009. The company produces products with a traditional preppy aesthetic similar to that of Polo Ralph Lauren (RL).4B in 2008. women’s and children’s apparel and accessories through North American retail locations as well as catalogs and its website. The company is in direct competition with Jones Apparel Group (JNY) and Liz Claiborne (LIZ). Sweden.” In 1968. The Church of Sweden is a major shareholder in the H&M chain. though at the time the store only sold women’s clothing and was called Hennes. he renamed the store Hennes & Mauritz. Persson acquired the premises and inventory of a Stockholm hunting equipment store named Mauritz Widforss. Included in the inventory was a supply of men’s apparel. j. The first Russian presence was launched in “Metropolis” center in Moscow on march 13th. it was in Ginza followed by another opening in Harajuku in November 2008. The second one in march 2009 in “MEGA” mall followed by the October opening in Belaya Dacha “MEGA” mall. 2009. Crew had total revenues of $1. is a Swedish company.com . South Korea to open during the spring of 2010. H&M has signed an agreement to open its first store in Myungdong in Seoul. both of which own and produce other brands in addition to their namesake lines Page no. Swedish for “hers. Crew sells men’s.000 employees. H&M has more than 2000 stores in 35 different countries and has more than 73.55 www. became CEO in 1990 and Chairman of the Board in 1998. Accordingly. prompting Persson to expand into menswear. later abbreviated to H&M. with net income of $54 million. Officially. H&M was established in Västerås. . J. the third one in the Shibuya shopping district in September.
Its Distribution Center and Call Center are located in Tilton. Jill operated 271 stores in 39 states.j. the company is known for legacy items like the perfect blazer. The Company currently operates stores in 580 locations in 46 states. J. New Hampshire. the District of Columbia. shoes and accessories. . Talbots Talbots is a leading specialty retailer and direct marketer of women’s classic clothing. At the end of fiscal 2007. Additionally. versatile and open to self expression. including nine outlet stores. gracious service and welcoming red doors.. J. India. Jill distributed 25 separate catalogs with an annual circulation of approximately 78 million. Massachusetts. A wholly-owned subsidiary of The Talbots. Jill sees her is well educated. and its international liaison office is located in New Delhi. J.arvindmills. ballet flats and pearls. Talbots offers an array of timeless wardrobe options to flatter women of all shapes and sizes. and Canada Page no. She prefers clothes that are comfortable yet stylish. Established in 1947.com . versatile white shirt.57 www. concerned about her community and ageless in her approach to life and style. This customer or guest as J. Jill is a multi-channel specialty retailer of women’s apparel and accessories. J. She approaches fashion with an eye for natural beauty and adaptable function that reflects her confidence and diverse needs. Jill is based in Quincy. jill J. Inc. Jill serves the 35+ woman. active. With a nod to tradition infused with modern flair. as well as its fine workmanship. trustworthy trench.
59 www. they’ve been able to spread around the world quickly because of their special approach to clothing manufacturing. Unlike a lot of other online fashion companies. . The company operates restaurants attached to some stores that serve tropical themed food as well. If they’re just changing an existing style. Page no. and through other retailers.arvindmills. which is owned by Spanish businessman Amancio Ortega. it can take as little as two weeks. This quick turnaround is the big reason they’ve been able to grow so fast since they began.Tommy bahama Tommy Bahama is a Seattle-based manufacturer and licenser of high-end tropicalthemed wear and other clothing and household goods.com . this brand is able to get new products to consumers in about five weeks. It recently opened a new bar at Yankee Stadium Zara Zara clothing is a brand under the Inditex Group. The company is owned by Georgia-based Oxford Industries. Started in 1975. The company sells apparel through its own chain of retail outlets in Canada and the United States.
com .sport COLLECTIONS SPORTS CASUALS fORMALS www.arvindmills.
off loom (180/90) Weave – plain . plaster.arvindmills.com . 80% of base has to be colored. Lost now to love as once they were to life. genuine. reserved Memories respond to invitations. On shadows shifting gently in the wind.Again among the trenches. sporty .Remember to remember. faded tan and black. . of harnesses – 4 Constraints – classic sporty stripes . Electing in their interests to attend. colorless and faded images and walls. unforgettable moments. dropping fast . No. time spent together. key concept – clear . simplicity . pure . simplified lines and structure. Client – “zara women swear” Target customer –niche client Market – Indian domestic Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 50s Weft count – 80s comp. then.puristic.Memories – clean . porcelain. Moments of remembrance moor sensations. ochre. weft white Page no. Construction – on loom ( 156/88) . In whom we vested hope in days of strife. Colors – chalky pastels. those passed. old photographs.delicate and hazy.63 www.
tie belt . When our thoughts turn naturally To vandalism. uniform. classic which conveys certain commitment and discipline. Now that we at last are free. tan Client – “A MAHADEVIA” Target customer – upper middle class and niche client Market – Indian domestic Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 2/121 Weft count – 2/121 Construction – on loom ( 80/88) .Old school – classic but sporty.65 www. emotive. school going look. use of navy and cobalt blue must.com . white as the ground. 80% of base has to be white. libraries . So just like birds out of a cage. turquoise.young and sporty. Or slaves set free from toil and pain. We aim to try to act our age And be for now a bit sane. grey . discipline Graduation is a time. . and crime. off loom (180/90).Our teachers think we’re well prepared To make decisions on our own. satin and twill used on certain places.arvindmills. old universities. reed space – 67 Weave – plain . No. reed 80/4 . school going bags and ties . key concept – uniform . Colors – blue . weft color has to be white only. use of some accent colors as yellows. sex. black. . Page no. of harnesses – minimum of 4 and maximum 10 Constraints – classic sporty stripes .
sea life. what’s at stake is grace. the love that life redeems Upon a field of lovers. reed space – 67 Weave – plain . No.arvindmills. Colors –from soft aqua to deep ultra marine..ships. then.67 www. red as the ascent tone. key concept – think nautical. navy blue. use of navy and red as must for ascent color. One pits oneself against one’s wildest dreams. cobalt blue. dreamers all. off loom (180/90). grays and black. fresh and clean Win or lose. reed 80/4 . satin and twill used on certain places as dobbies.a Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 50s Weft count – 50s Construction – on loom ( 80/88) . off-white .Nautica – regimental. Relying. think light houses in highly visible red. more than anything. Demanding more of one than an embrace. 50% of base has to be white. naval force. Client – “united colors of Benetton” Target customer –niche client Market – u. Page no. black or blue. Playing with more passion in our place. . Life is far more lustful than it seems. of harnesses – minimum of 4 and maximum 10 Constraints – regimental sporty stripes .com . on will.white as the base. all the nautical shades . Come witness. beach huts smartly painted in sea blue and sandy creams..s. sailors .
69 www. off loom (180/90) Weave – plain No. fun. of harnesses – 4 Constraints – classic sporty stripes .beach side look. 60% of base has to be colored. Page no. Hot on the heels of the summer .Destined for nouvelle cuisine. Client – “zara women’s wear” Target customer – niche client Market – Europe Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 50s Weft count – 80s comp. A mixture has its own distinct appeals. mango yellows.retro Holidays are little more than meals. but not much..arvindmills. Construction – on loom ( 156/88) .Years together are not spent in vain. .com . Colors – fruity and playful colors. are worth the gain key concept – inspired by the 1950s and the first holidays abroad. In which the flavors blend quite favorably.Long histories have merged into a sea. exotic.Riviera – playful. sporty . Of course the details differ. Yet such. Some losses. blue red and black are of utmost importance. though severe. merry and fun making. white weft. capturing the tourist spirit of the early resorts such as Riviera.
rank and regimental .heritage buildings.on loom ( 80/78) . Page no. of harnesses – minimum of 4 and maximum 10 Constraints – sporty stripes.the footprints of the past which reflects a lot of folkloric and heraldic deeds.5 Weave – plain and dobbies No.A. grays and black with red as the ascent. Colors – all dark and mid tones of tan and rust.” key concept – art and architecture of Monaco.5 for dobbies . muted and saturated earthy tones and off white.Monaco – heraldic . heritage. the heritage buildings . ancient . status symbol. reed space – 64. the mood in the old forts and buildings of the Monaco chants the stories of the bygone era. muted and subdued summer tones. . Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 50s Weft count – 50s Construction –on loom ( 120/78) . reed 120/3 . medieval “The story takes its inspiration from the past era. past glory. clean .71 www.S. of loom (138/80). reed 80/3/4 . of loom (138/80). heraldic.com .arvindmills.maximum of 4 colors in weft. bravery. regimental and disciplined. merit and rank. Client – “united color of Benetton” Target customer – very niche client. Market – U. reed space – 64.
casuals www.com .arvindmills.
of harnesses – minimum of 4 and maximum 10 Constraints – uneven pattern to get the casual appearance. soft pastels. bright primaries. red. candy rocks. parrot greens.5 Weave – plain . holiday mood. red space – 64. helter shelter.Active relaxatation – lively.arvindmills. deck chairs. . reed 80/3 . wind breakers.com . eye catching. Colors – multi colored. swim shorts. cheerful mood. Client – “A MAHADEVIA” Target customer – middle class Market – Indian domestic Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 40s Weft count – 40s Construction – on loom ( 120/74) . youthful and dynamic.75 www. greys and even lilacs and browns. Page no. summer garden party or holiday trip key concept – memories of childhood vacations spent by the seaside. conjure up myriad multicolored stripes in bright primaries. of loom (132/76). satin and twill used on certain places.more or white surface. bright and fruity ascent . celebration mood. No. mango blue.
sweat and dust . orange as the ascent color. had been blowing from the northeast since march.and Sicilian heat. Page no. that arrived on a cool wind and dyed the air a dirty gray. travelers. key concept – hot and windy . muted and saturated look.77 www.com . of harnesses – minimum of 4 and maximum 10 Constraints – uneven pattern to get the casual appearance. Sicilians hot . desert landscape . sand and desert. of loom (132/76). hard enough to fill the sky with dust but not strongly enough to carry sand. red space – 64. camel safari. scratching and etching.5 Weave – plain . umbrellas. muted and saturated tones of yellow and off white. Client – “A MAHADEVIA” Target customer – middle class Market – Indian domestic Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 40s Weft count – 40s Construction – on loom ( 120/74) . The Saharan summer wind.still in my fatigue I carried on carried on and on………………………………………. tan and grey. satin and twill used on certain places. Colors – all dark and mid tones of red.arvindmills. like talcum. road side landscape. No. . reed 80/3 .Heat and dust – rustic . hot breeze .casual.travelers vogue Inspiration – I remember the peculiar fine dust.
G.Scottish. patterned and tex- key concept – British heritage. Page no. reed space – 68 Weave – plain .com . No. off loom (106/72).E. dirty orange as the ascent color. Highland fling .arvindmills. kilts. muted and saturated tones of blue and off white. plaid and Scottish checks. kilts. use of indigo on the place of navy blue color. Colors – all dark and mid tones of blues. indigo blue as the major base area. Client – “A. 2/2 twill overall. tweed and herringbones. reed 96/2 . tweed and herringbones. . patterned and textured. of harnesses –4 Constraints – bright checks and the base has to be darker.tured. ( turkey)” Target customer – niche client Market – turkey Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 30s Weft count – 30s Construction – on loom ( 96/68) .79 www.
formals www.arvindmills.com .
” and To the manor born is an idiom meaning “accustomed as from birth to the ways and demands of being landed gentry.com .” Manner appears to have the stronger literary section. smart . satin and twill used on certain places. elegant.elegant. world of business and finance. of harnesses – minimum of 4 and maximum 10 Constraints – classic formal stripes . superior .arvindmills. Page no. reed 80/4 . . shows degree of responsibility.responsible Inspiration .”To the manner born” is an idiom meaning “from birth accustomed to the behavior expected and therefore able to meet the standards easily.manor born – classic style. very sober and even symmetrical stripes.83 www.ink blue white and grays Client – “Louis Philippe” Target customer – rich class and niche client Market – Indian domestic brand Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 2/121 Weft count – 2/121 Construction – on loom ( 80/88) . No. 60% of base has to be blue. off loom (180/90). smart . business and finance. sober reliable stripes. pin or regency stripes. reed space – 67 Weave – plain . key concept – official stripes. Colors – all dark and mid tones of blue .respectable.
night music. off loom (180/90). especially sensual pleasures: key concept – club. No. of harnesses – minimum of 4 and maximum 14 Constraints – club wear Page no.arvindmills. reed space – 67 Weave – plain . sensual. enigmatic.com . dobbies. wine . particularly those associated with sexual pleasure: Luxurious suggests a surrender to physical comfort leading to a delightful feeling of well-being: stayed in a luxurious. reed 80/4 . black. . extravagant.Sensual . Voluptuous approach of oneself to pleasures. voluptuous .sensuous. sensuous. club and parties Inspiration The story Sensual applies to the physical senses or appetites. Colors – all dark and mid tones of purple and violets and magenta . Client – “Louis Philippe” Target customer – rich class and niche client Market – Indian domestic Technical specification Fiber content – 100% cotton Warp count – 2/121 Weft count – 2/121 Construction – on loom ( 80/88) . seductive. dazzling light. luxurious. off-white and lighter tones of purple as ascent. mysterious. flashy and showy. satin and twill .85 www. chocolate browns and navy blue. romantic. flower-filled suite with a crystal chandelier and thick oriental rugs.
Hairline stripes:. which has certain meaning to it. This is the thinnest stripes National Ideentity stripes:.Stripes which are woven for the clothes used for the crime and punishment purpose.com .About one or two yarns thickness stripe.A pattern of very thin stripes running in parallel found in cloths. bretton stripes:. Pin stripes:.It is found on national flags of countries. fun stripes:.A stripe pattern produced by lines that are as thick as once drawn by pencil. Crime and Punishment stripes:.TyPES Of STRIPES AND CHECkS Types of Stpires:Pencil stripes:.87 www.arvindmills.This is horizontal bicolor stripe.These stripes are combination of stripes.Stripe which are made with a wide combinations of thinner to thicker lines arranged together. with playful arrangement of different widths Classic stripes:. Narrower than a Bengal stripe but wider than a pin stripe. . Page no.
arvindmills. even.89 www. Page no. tightly woven fabric of catton or linen used to make pillow and mattress coverings.Vertical and even stripes that are wider than Pencil stripes but thinner than Bengal stripes. Size comes in between Awning and Bengal stripes. Awning stripes:. but narrower than Awning stripes.A pattern of relatively wide.A strong. which generally have consequent lines along with same bold lines in between. . Bengal stripes are usually wider Awning stripes.Bright multicolored contrasting vertical stripes.Regimental stripes:. barcode stripes:. Most often used in neckwear. Neapolitan stripes:.than candy stripes.Stripes of apparently the same width and alternating light and dark colors. Legacy stripes:. These are broader than Bengal stripes Ticking stripes:.A stripe pattern consisting of lines of varying width as in a barcode bengal stripes:. Bold stripes on white.A stripe pattern with colors originating from British regiments. Candy stripes are usually about 1/8” in width and are characterized by solid.Stripes are of equal width and all different colors. usually vertical stripes of solid color on a lighter ground.com .The multicolored and multi-width stripes Roman stripes:. Candy stripes:.
.91 www.Types of Checks:balanced stripes:.A widely spaced check pattern resembling panes in a window. The color effects usually range from lively to startling to bizarre.Fabrics woven in a block or check effect. dedicated to a dancing life from birth.A check pattern produced by intersecting pin sized stripes that are one or two yarns thick Page no.A relatively small scale check pattern ( smaller than windowpane ) produced by regularly spaced.A woven fabric in which the color is graduated from light to dark and often into stripes of varying shades Pin Checks:. in which coloured bands are arranged around a center. also herringbone windowpane Checks:. Unbalanced stripes:. It repeats the same pattern on both the right and left of the dominant stripe. Tattersall Checks:.A traditional. woven or printed design of zigzags in a stripe layout. gingham Checks:. shirtings and accessories.Unbalanced stripes do not have a center and are asymmetrical stripes.Thin stripes running both warp and weft directions Ombre stripes:. graph Checks:.arvindmills.Brightly coloured stripes of various width laid out horizontly. buffalo Checks:. Commonly used on suits.A symmetrical layout. evenly coloured thin lines on a usually light ground. An allover pattern of solid color squares made by overlapping stripes of same width Chevron stripes:. bayadere stripes:.A bold check pattern with blocks of 2 to 3 contrasting colors often red and black in a twill weave. The name is derived from the bayadere dancing girls of India.com .
It has defined pattern as 3 horizontal and 3+1 vertical line in check. characterized by broken checks or abstract four-pointed shapes with alternating blocks of 2-on-2 and 4-on-4 colouring Shepherd’s:.It is a duotone textile pattern. It is woven in a twill pattern of broken checks Page no. Tartans:. often in black & white. it can have different sizes of checks.s Tooth.It gives the effect of ombre i.arvindmills. A tartan plaid is made of perfect squares. Dog’s Tooth:. A design of brightly colored stripes. institution and events. but with all kinds of places. plaids. the Shepherd. It usually consist of one color with white and often resembles the gingham check except that it’s a lot smaller. it looks the same rotated 90 degree. Famous district check patterns inclide the Glen checks. although others colors are used. Ombre Checks:. .A pattern of small broken or jagged checks created by four pointed stars same as hound’s tooth. the Hound. Madras Checks:. shaded type of effects are created District Checks:. Different tartans are not associated with different Scottish clans. associated with Scotland. the Dupplin. characterized by broken checks or abstract four-pointed shapes.A check pattern that originates from uniforms identifying specific Scottish estates.A subset of plaid.e. This pattern is more casual than stripes.A pattern of small black and white even checks mainly woven in twill weave burberry Checks:. uneven checks or other design element.93 www. 180 degree etc.Refers to the lightweight yarn dyed woven cotton fabric from Chennai ( formerly madras ) . the Dog’s tooth and others. the Benmore.TyPES Of DISTRICT CHECkS Mini Checks:. Princes of Wales. glen:.A popular Scottish district check made of elements of hound’s tooth often with a fine line overplaid in a contrasting color.Sizes are somewhere between the pin check and the gingham check. dressier than larger checks. usually on a plain coloured background Princes of wales:.It is a duotone textile pattern. India. Hound’s tooth:.com .
PRASHANT GUPTA TEXTILE DESIGN SEMESTER .7 NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FASHION TECHNOLOGY NEW DELHI .
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