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Happy 50 to Telstar: New Jersey Born and Bred
By Larry Fast, Morris County Heritage Commission
Apply now for History Re-grant Program
he Morris County Heritage Commission is pleased to announce it has been awarded funding from the New Jersey Historical Commission (NJHC) to continue the Heritage Commission’s historyrelated re-grant program in 2013. This popular program owes its success to the NJHC’s ongoing support and to Morris County’s dedicated history community, which uses re-grant funds for a wide variety of worthwhile projects. The Heritage Commission was awarded $20,844 for Fiscal Year 2013 to re-grant to Morris County history organizations and other nonprofits in amounts ranging from $1,000 to $5,000. No match is required. Re-grant funds may be used for General Operating Support (GOS) or for historyrelated projects such as exhibits, collections management, archival supplies, conservation, ADA compliance projects, and professional consulting. Nonprofit organizations based in Morris County that are responsible for historical records or other preservation issues are eligible for history project re-grants. Morris County nonprofit history organizations not receiving GOS funding from the NJHC may be eligible for GOS funding through the Morris County Heritage Commission. The re-grant application booklet and instructions are available in PDF format at www.morrisheritage.net. Completed re-grant applications are due in the Heritage Commission offices on October 29. !
Telstar about to undergo testing in a vacuum chamber simulating space conditions at Bell Laboratories in Whippany, NJ, 1962. Photo courtesy of AT&T Archives and History Center he telecommunications revolution began at the Speedwell Iron Works in Morristown with the development of the practical telegraph in 1837 by Alfred Vail and Samuel F. B. Morse. That ongoing revolution in instantaneous communications crossed another major
milestone fifty years ago with the successful launch and operation of the Telstar communications satellite, built by AT&T Bell Laboratories, in July 1962. What made this satellite so important and what are its connections to Morris County history? (see Telstar on page 4)
country that loses its history loses its future, and today too many of us are poorly informed about our past, at both the national and local levels. Since I have always loved history, I realized I wanted to do something that would help people understand the history that surrounds them. We have all heard this phrase: “A picture is worth a thousand words.” I have always believed that a photograph records a moment in history. It may not be as important as an election of a president or a battle in a war; it does, however, capture the subject at that instant in time and hold the image for both present and future generations. Today we live in the visual age, and an excellent way to explain history to someone is through a photograph. Working for a computer company, I always looked to technology as a means of providing more information. What better way to do this in this digital age than through the Internet? Soon I began viewing photos of historic locations online. I immediately noticed that many of these online photos had no titles and were posted without a description of what the viewer was looking at. As a result, I began to take photographs of both historic and scenic places in New Jersey and to post them online after adding both a title and a description of the scene so that people would understand what they were viewing. The reaction to this approach astounded me. Today, my photograph postings have been expanded to include scenes in a number of states and foreign countries, and my sites have had nearly twelve million hits. My pictures also are being used in state documents, national park publications, and calendars. Morris County has many very important historic sites that offer local photographers an opportunity to develop their own techniques while adding to the history of our county and state, where some of the most significant events that shaped our country occurred. More than that, our rich heritage offers an opportunity for photographers to help educate people to the importance of local history. So grab your camera and become a local historian. Dan Beards, Commissioner Morris County Heritage Commission
What’s In a Postcard?
Historic Morristown, In a New Book
“Deltiology” is the word for collecting postcards, which has been one of the world’s most popular hobbies since the invention of the souvenir postcard for the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. Picture postcards, with their petite views of famous landmarks, scenic vistas, and famous people, have proven a treasure trove to historians ever since. L o c a l h i s t o r i a n B o n n i e - Ly n n Nadzeika has just completed a historical postcard-picture view of Morristown for Arcadia Publishing’s Images of America Postcard History series. “My book offers readers of all backgrounds and interests an opportunity to virtually ‘walk the streets’ of Morristown as they were a hundred years ago,” she says. “The book includes postcard images from the 1890s to the 1960s, and you can follow the scenes around Morristown’s Green as they change and develop through the decades.” Nadzeika spent many hours finding suitable postcard images in libraries, old book shops, on eBay, and at private viewings and sales. She also extensively researched historic Morristown and studied old maps. “It was through this historical research and extensive reading that I was able to make connections that I might otherwise have missed,” she says. “The context is what makes the history of the images come alive.” Chapters of the book include George Washington Slept Here; The Gilded Age; Downtown Scenes; and Places to Eat, Sleep and Drink. “In addition to the well-known history of Morristown, I’ve included lots of less familiar stories, such as how a longstanding traditional pharmacy saw a new revenue opportunity and added a 35-foot soda fountain to accommodate a huge public demand for the commercially produced product,” Ms. Nadzeika says. The new book will soon be available at local bookstores, or it may be obtained through the author’s website: www.oldmorristownpostcards.com. !
America’s First National Historic Park
On March 2, 1933, the first US land to be deemed a “National Historic Park” was established at the heart of the American Revolution in Morristown, New Jersey. The four separate sites of the Park (Fort Nonsense, the Ford Mansion Museum, Jockey Hollow, and the New Jersey Brigade Area) offer tremendous and varied opportunities to engage your inner historian and your itchy photo finger. Information on the various sites abounds at www.nps.gov/morr. !
Morris County’s Historic Schoolhouses
By Caitlin Black
hroughout the nineteenth century, the local schoolhouse often served as the center of community life, open for education during the school term but also, in many cases, hosting church meetings and community events throughout the year. Today, more than fifty historic one- and two-room schoolhouses still stand in Morris County. Some of these former schoolhouses have been converted into homes or apartments while others have found new purpose as office space or museums. To the casual passerby, many of these adapted buildings do not reveal their earlier lives as schoolhouses. Yet these nineteenth-century survivors remain an important legacy in Morris County, hailed in 1828 by New Jersey Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen for “more richly enjoy[ing] the advantages and blessings of education than any other [county] in the State.” The first schools in Morris County were neither public nor compulsory: families paid a fee to send their children to school if they chose to do so. Early schools tended either to be affiliated with a local church congregation or to be private endeavors set up by prospective schoolmasters. In some cases, local families decided to jointly build a schoolhouse and pay a schoolmaster. Two surviving examples of these early schools are the Mount Olive Academy, which was incorporated in the early nineteenth century, and the Littleton Schoolhouse in ParsippanyTroy Hills, founded in the 1790s. By 1828, Morris County boasted more than sixty schools. Schools continued to require payment of a tuition ranging from $1.50-$2.00 per quarter — a fee that effectively precluded the county’s poorer children from attending. However, the public desire for schools, coupled with advances in educational practice in
Millington Schoolhouse, Long Hill Township. Photo by Larry Fast neighboring states, prompted a series of laws that improved funding to towns for the building and maintenance of local schools. This led to a further expansion of the number of schools in Morris County. Examples of surviving schoolhouses built in the first part of the nineteenth century include the Cross Roads Stone Schoolhouse in Chester (1830), the Ralston School in Mendham Township (c.1830), the Old German Valley School in Washington Township (1830), Stony Brook School in Kinnelon (1834), Rockaway Valley School in Boonton Township (1842), and Millington Schoolhouse in Long Hill Township (c.1845-1853). Most were typical single-story, one-room schoolhouses; the Cross Roads Schoolhouse and Old German Valley School had second-story rooms built specifically for church meetings and community functions. The most significant development in education in New Jersey occurred during the third quarter of the nineteenth century, when statewide legislation provided for free public education and stronger educational regulations. As a result, a crop of new schoolhouses sprang up, and updated structures replaced many of the older schools. Surviving examples of this era of school construction include the Jacksonville District Schoolhouse in Lincoln Park (1854), Mount Vernon School/Red Brick Schoolhouse in Chatham (1860), the Little Red Schoolhouse in Florham Park (1866), the Chestnut Hill School in Roxbury (1857), the Second Union School (Franklin-Ninkey) in Denville (1861), the Washington Valley School in Morris Township (1869), the Whitehall Schoolhouse in Montville (between 1868 and 1887), and the Talmadge/Longwood Schoolhouse in Jefferson (mid- to late-nineteenth century). Morris County maintained more than a hundred one- and tworoom public schools by 1887. In the early twentieth century, the number of these classic one-room schoolhouses began to dwindle. By the 1930s, most of them had (see Schoolhouses on page 5)
(from Telstar on page 1) Put yourself in the world of 1962. Television and telephones were now in most American homes. The US as a nation was “wired” in a fashion with the emergence of direct-dial phones. It was expensive to call long distance, but the expectation was that anyone could reliably phone nearly anywhere in the continental United States. The same was truewith television. News stories and sports could be seen live, as they happened, coast-to-coast. Though cumbersome, remote television trucks could be on-site at events taking place almost anywhere in the country and tapped into the vast coaxial and microwave networks which spanned the continent, broadcasting to TV sets across the nation. Events could then be seen, mostly in black and white, live as they unfolded. But the story effectively stopped at the water’s edge. The handful of undersea telephone circuits in existence were inadequate for the pentup international calling demand as commerce and families were becoming more global in the post-war jet age. In 1956 there were circuits for only 36 calls across the Atlantic. International phone calls were also prohibitively priced, but at least they did exist. However, there simply was no intercontinental live television. Live international events that we now take for granted, from news and sports to cultural events, could not be transmitted between continents in real time at any price. Television had no alternative other than to fly processed film of an event across the ocean for broadcast. At best the delay was at least six hours from Europe, even longer from more distant points on the globe. The insular darkness that separated countries and continents contributed to a degree of national isolation. For the phone company, these were critical issues in areas that would obviously serve their consumer and professional customers. Not to be overlooked was the vast expansion of paid services that the Bell System would have as revenue generators with international calling
and television links. Because of its decades of investment in research and development at Bell Laboratories, no other company was as well positioned with leading-edge technologies to use outer space to achieve these goals as AT&T.
AT&T President Theodore Vail. Photo courtesy of AT&T Archives and History Center The events that led to the establishment of Bell Telephone Laboratories as a separate entity under AT&T and Western Electric in 1924 were initiated in 1908 by Theodore Vail, a cousin of telegraph inventor Alfred Vail, during his second tenure as president of AT&T. Though born in the Midwest, Vail was educated in the Morristown area and chose to settle there. His last mansion, next to the Community Theatre on South Street in Morristown, was designed by William Wells Bosworth and built between 1916 and 1918 in the Italian Renaissance Palazzo style. The mansion has bronze doors by sculptor Charles Keck with panels depicting scenes from Morristown’s Revolutionary War history as well as Alfred Vail and Samuel F. B. Morse’s invention of the telegraph and Alexander Graham Bell’s invention of the telephone. Vail died without ever having lived in the mansion. It has since
been expanded to become a luxury condo complex. An initial AT&T research project under Vail was to make transcontinental long distance telephony a reality. Existing technology limited what were marginally practical longdistance calls to the span of New York to Chicago. With applied research, transcontinental success was achieved before the 1915 opening of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. A ceremonial call was placed between an elderly Alexander Graham Bell in New York and his former assistant Thomas Watson in San Francisco. Vail’s vision of a focused research and development arm of the phone company, Bell Laboratories, was first consolidated at an AT&T research building on West Street in Manhattan. Over the next decade Bell Labs research facilities were established in Whippany and Holmdel, New Jersey. By the late 1930s, as their new R&D campus was being constructed at Murray Hill in Union County, administrators, senior scientists and researchers began to migrate to New Jersey, establishing residences predominantly in Morris, Essex, Union, and Somerset counties. After World War II, the space age was being conceived by leading researchers and visionaries. Science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke wrote about the concept of communications satellites in the mid-1940s. Starting in 1954, leading Bell Labs scientist and sometime science fiction writer John R. Pierce moved the concept toward practical reality with a team of exceptional technologists, applying Bell’s developments in semiconductors, photocells, microwave transmission, and other disciplines necessary to make science fiction a reality. There had been some other projects early in the Space Age sending signals of various types into space and having them returned to a distant point on earth. But until Telstar these really hadn’t been much (see Telstar on page 6)
An Adaptive Gem
Washington Valley’s one-room school, built in 1869, welcomed the Valley’s schoolchildren until 1913. But that was just the beginning. In the hundred years since, the schoolhouse has served the community as a social club, Sunday school, debating society, agricultural extension and more. Its basic structure and character have never been significantly altered. Even the unique two-part boys/girls outhouse is still there. Today the schoolhouse remains a vibrant part of the historic district, under the active care of the Washington Valley Community Association. It is the home base of the 87-year-old Home Economics Club and the scene of many events and programs throughout the year, including the annual strawberry and apple festivals in the spring and the fall respectively. On October 3, the men of the Valley will conduct their annual Pancake Breakfast. All are welcome, and this is an excellent opportunity to see and experience the tradition of the Washington Valley Schoolhouse, one of the most adaptive and best-preserved historic rural schoolhouses in the state. For more information, contact WVCA President Sue Young at email@example.com. ! (from Schoolhouses on page 3) transitioned to other uses as school districts consolidated and built larger, more modern schools. Many were torn down. Although most of the historic schoolhouses that once stood in Morris County are no longer extant, the ones that remain provide rich echoes of a long-past time when children walked several miles to school; sat together, despite their ages, in a single cold classroom; and practiced their letters and numbers on slates. !
“Historic Rural Schoolhouses of Morris County”
Program Announcement; Mark Your Calendar
nterested in old one-room schoolhouses? Want to know where you can still see some of these fascinating vestiges of the early days of public education? The Morris County Heritage Commission has scheduled an evening of exhibits and expert presentations that will take you back to those old “School days, school days, Dear old golden rule days” of yore. The program is scheduled for Thursday, October 11, at the Morris County Cultural Center at 300 Mendham Road in Morristown. The program begins at 6:00 p.m., but you are invited for registration, refreshments, and networking at 5:00 p.m. Our speakers include Mary Prendergast, local historian from Harding Township, who will speak about several rural schoolhouses that served to educate Township children for many years. Becky Hoskins, historical author and superintendent of Historical Site Education at Fosterfields Living Historical Farm, will speak about the still-existing Washington Valley Schoolhouse and present a tabletop exhibit of pictures and artifacts.
Finally, Caitlin Black, a Heritage Commission intern, will make available an inventory and images of the rural schoolhouses of Morris County and show how these venerable old structures have been repurposed for modern usage and preservation. There is no charge for the program, but pre-registration is required. Please call the Heritage Commission at 973.829.8117, or register by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please provide your name, mail, telephone, and organization. For directions to the Cultural Center Center, visit our website at www.morrisheritage.net. !
Illustration by Dot Roberts. Courtesy of the Washington Valley Community Association
The Academy, Mt. Olive. Photo by Caitlin Black
(from Telstar on page 4) more than experimental projects. Just over a year after Sputnik, in 1958 the SCORE satellite relayed radio signals for 13 days. In 1960 the US Army Signal Corps had a project for their own use called Courier. Earlier in 1960, a large passive reflector balloon called Project Echo was launched into low earth orbit by NASA for Bell Laboratories. In some ways this was a proof-of-concept project preceding Telstar. None of these experiments transmitted television images. Echo worked on a simple principle. A strong radio frequency signal was aimed at the reflector orbiting in space. The signal would bounce off the aluminized plastic balloon and reflect back down to earth thousands of miles away, though with its original strength now just a minute fraction of what had left the originating earth station. Huge receiving antennas and high-gain amplifiers turned the minuscule reflected signal received into something usable. Telstar would take this idea to the next step, receiving the signals from earth, amplifying them onboard and actively retransmitting them down to the ground. Soon after the Echo project, four “flyable” (that is, space launchready) copies of Telstar came to life in several Bell Labs facilities in New Jersey. The electronics consisted of a range of specialized transistors fabricated at the main Labs complex. The satellite also included one vacuum tube called a traveling wave tube, because only 15 years after the 1947 invention of the transistor (also at Bell Labs), those early solid-state devices could not yet produce the required power at the satellite’s high frequencies to send signals back to earth. Further work was done at a location in Hillside where vibration, magnetic and electrical tests were performed. Transmission tests were carried out at Murray Hill. For final testing, the satellites were packed in specialized shock-
proof and pressurized cases and as one of President Kennedy’s press transported to the Bell Labs Whip- conferences. By the end of July, pany location in Morris County. At NBC’s Huntley-Brinkley news report Whippany the satellites were given was jointly anchored from Paris and their final critical tests simulating New York for the first time. launch and space conditions. They Aside from the technical accomwere assessed on a centrifuge and in plishment that Bell Labs achieved, a thermal vacuum chamber to ensure Telstar ushered in our shrinking 24/7 reliability. After the tests were com- real-time world. News, sports, polipleted, the launch satellite was tics, economics and the understandpacked up for transport to Cape Ca- ing of other cultures all took a major naveral. In Florida, teams from New leap fifty years ago. We now take for Jersey conducted final tests of trans- granted that we can see and hear missions, telemetry, antennas and the anything anywhere on the globe as it solar cells. Last-minute testing even happens. It is hard to imagine major took place after the satellite was events, the Olympics, or even the placed on the Delta launch rocket. world financial reports that are now The satellite was roughly spheri- a part of our lives every day not becal, about 36 inches in diameter, and ing instantly available. The very way covered with iridescent blue solar that we look at our global commupanels. It weighed 171 pounds. The nity was altered the minute Telstar solar panels become operaproduced a mere tional. 15 watts of Telstar 1 is still power. Microin orbit. It finally wave antennas ceased operating and experimenin January 1963 tal semiconducfor a number of tors studded the t e c h n i c a l r e asurface. Uplink sons, some havand downlink ing to do with antennas circled the US military i t s e q u a t o r. exploding an Some observers experimental have noticed the nuclear bomb in similarity of the space the day shape and the b e f o re Te l s t a r blue and white was launched. coloring to the The detonation top dome of fic- Telstar being tested at Whippany, 1962. exposed the sattional Star Wars Photo courtesy of AT&T Archives and ellite to more raHistory Center robot R2D2. diation than it On July 10, was designed to 1962, at 4:35 a.m. (EDT) NASA handle. More Telstars followed and launched the satellite for AT&T, its private satellite communication befirst private launch customer. On the came a huge industry. Advances in sixth orbit, the first intercontinental capabilities! have refined the art! (Teltelevision image of the US flag flying star could only transmit in brief 20outside the Andover, Maine, AT&T minute segments during each ortransmission building was received bit)! but have not changed its worldin France. The next night the three altering premise. The chain of invenUS television networks aired broad- tion leading to this started right here casts received via Telstar from French in Morris County, and our local conand English television stations. In the tributions to the project were essennext weeks a coast-to-coast US tial to this inherently New Jersey broadcast was sent to Europe as well technology project. !
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
Museum of Early Trades & Crafts Whippany Railway Museum
Bottle Hill Day
Time and Place
9 Main Street, Madison 11 a.m. – 4 p.m. 1 Railroad Plaza, Route 10 West and Whippany Road 12:30 – 5:30 p.m. 2352 Route 10 West Morris Plains 11 a.m. – 4 p.m. 300 Mendham Road Morristown Registration 5:00 p.m. Program 6:00 p.m. 333 Speedwell Avenue Morristown 1 – 3 p.m. Drakesville Historic Park Main Street 1 – 4 p.m. Boonton Museum 210 Main Street Saturday 10 a.m. - 4 p.m. Sunday Noon - 4 p.m. Friday 5 – 8 p.m. Saturday 10 a.m.– 4 p.m. Sunday Noon - 3 p.m. The Arlington, 6:00 p.m. Mt. Arlington 315 Dover-Milton Road Oak Ridge 10 a.m. – 4 p.m. 2352 Route 10 West Morris Plains 11 a.m. – 4 p.m. 1 Railroad Plaza, Route 10 West and Whippany Road 1 – 4 p.m. 68 Morris Avenue Morristown, 7 p.m. Drakesville Historic Park Main Street 6 – 9 p.m. 333 Speedwell Avenue Morristown Noon – 5 p.m. First Aid Squad building 949 Valley Road, Gillette 7:30 p.m
973.377.2982 metc.org 973.887.8177 whippanyrailwaymuseum .net 973.540.0311 stickleymuseum.org
Twelfth Annual Pumpkin Festival
Stickley Museum at Craftsman Farms
Open House: Styling an American Family “Historic Schoolhouses of Morris County.” Presenters: Becky Hoskins, Mary Prendergast and Caitlin Black “Ails of the Vails”: An Interactive Tour on Nineteenth-Century American Medicine
Morris County Heritage Commission
973.285.6550 morrisparks.net/ speedwell/home.html 973.927.7603 roxburynewjersey.com 973.402.8840 www.boonton.org/comm unity/boonton-historicalsociety 973.586.1564 mounttabornj.org 973.398.2616 LHHistory@att.net 973.697.0258 jthistoricalsociety.org
Roxbury Township Historical Society and Historic Trust
Living History Day
Oct. 20, 21
Boonton Historical Society
Museum Tour: “Pathways of History”
Nov. 18, 19, 20
Mount Tabor Historical Society Lake Hopatcong Historical Museum Jefferson Township Historical Society
Victorian Holiday Sale And Cookie Walk at Bethel Pavilion Dinner and Program: “Choose Your Hotel at Lake Hopatcong”
Dec. 1, 2
Museum Christmas Weekend
Dec. 1, 2, 8, 9
Stickley Museum at Craftsman Farms
Holiday Open House
973.540.0311 stickleymuseum.org 973.887.8177 whippanyrailwaymuseum .net 973.267.3465 acornhall.org 973.927.7603 roxburynewjersey.com 973.285.6550 morrisparks.net/ speedwell/home.html 908.647.6456 longhillhistory.org
Dec. 2, 8, 9, 15, 16 Dec. 7, 14, 21
Whippany Railway Museum
Santa Claus Special Train Rides
Acorn Hall Roxbury Township Historical Society and Historic Trust
Victorian Christmas at Acorn Hall: Festive Fridays (Family Night) Salt Box Supper and Victorian Santa Winter on the Homefront: Civil War Christmas Program and Exhibits “A US Soldier Behind The Iron Curtain.” Presenter: Frank Reilly
Dec. 8, 9
Long Hill Township Historical Society
Morris County and The War of 1812
hile the War of 1812 was a significant, yet lesser known conflict in American history as compared to the American Revolution and the Civil War, it nevertheless was marked by a number of remarkable naval victories by America’s infant navy, a calamitous American invasion of Canada, and the burning of the Capitol and White House by British troops. It also inspired the penning of the National Anthem. The war broke out because the American public resented the trade restrictions imposed on the young republic by Britain; impressments of American merchant sailors during the Napoleonic Wars; and British support of Native American tribes opposing American western expansion. There was also a desire to invade and annex Canada on the part of a number of western American ‘war hawks’ led by Speaker of the House Henry Clay.
In a series of naval battles, often between individual ships, America’s navy won a number of memorable battles against the mighty Royal Navy.! The Battle of Baltimore took place at Fort McHenry in Maryland in September 1814 and was the inspiration for our national anthem. The poem, “Defence of Fort McHenry” by Francis Scott Key, a lawyer in Washington, DC, was published in newspapers and on broadsides. The words were set to the tune To Anacreon in Heaven, and renamed The Star Spangled Banner. ! While recruiting was going on for United States service, Morris County raised a militia to combat the British assault and to help defend New Jersey’s shores. On May 15, 1812 Captain Luke Carter's company paraded on the Morristown Green, with 250 men of the Morris militia. All men between the ages of 18 and 25 were drafted to
serve in Morris and Sussex counties and were required to muster in Bottle Hill (Madison). The militia consisted of four regiments of infantry and one squadron of cavalry. These units comprised a brigade commanded by Brigadier General John Darcy with Lieutenant Colonel William Campfield commanding the cavalry. The uniformed companies of Captain Halliday's Morris rangers; Captain Carter’s riflemen from Bottle Hill; and Captain Willaim Jackson Brittin’s Fusiliers from Chatham served in the unit. In 1814 the militia deployed to Harsimus, near Paulus Hook (Jersey City), where they were charged with coastal defense. The War of 1812 ended with Andrew Jackson’s decisive victory over British invaders at the Battle of New Orleans, a battle fought weeks after the December 24, 1814 signing of the Treaty of Ghent that ended the war. !
Publication of the Morris County Board of Chosen Freeholders
William J. Chegwidden, Director Douglas R. Cabana, Deputy Director John Cesaro Ann F. Grossi Hank Lyon Thomas J. Mastrangelo John J. Murphy
Morris County Heritage Commission PO Box 900 Morristown, NJ 07963-0900 Phone: 973.829.8117 Fax: 973.631.5137 www.morrisheritage.net
Morris County Heritage Commission
Larry Fast, Chairman Henry Kafel, Vice Chairman Virginia Vogt, Secretary Tracy Kinsel, Treasurer Dan Beards Epsey Farrell, Ph.D. Miriam Morris James Woodruff
Peg Shultz, Archivist/Acting Director
Electronic version can be viewed and downloaded from www.scribd.com/collections/2460238/ Heritage-Commission-Newsletter-Archives
For a Large Print Edition Call 973.829.8117
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