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High-frequency Induction Heating BY FRANK W. INC. Van Norman Company Second Edition McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY. CURTYS Chief Engineer. NEW YORK TORONTO 1950 LONDON .

fixtures and process data to draw form for the solution of heating problems. because.PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION Induction heating has undergone many improvements during the past few years. brazing alloys and fluxes all are treated in greater detail. Curtis . along with coils. together with basic principles with which the user of high-frequency equipment should be familiar. Frank W. various means of quenching. While principles have remained the same. Many new forms of coils are described. a better knowledge of their use prevails. Users of high-frequency heating equipment invariably seek technical information relating to application problems and it is in response to this need that the second edition has been enlarged. soft solders. A work coil is the basis around which induction heating functions. they form the most important considerations form successfully processing parts by means of induction heat. Localized hardening and the joining of metal assemblies are the principle uses for induction heating. largely in connection with application techniques. by having a wider variety of designs from which choose. and today users of high-frequency generators have a broader selection of coils. Therefore. The discussion of fixture designs likewise has been expanded. and the chapters dealing with these two applications include a more comprehensive analysis of production requirements. Types of steels best suited to induction hardening. the more efficient can a setup be made. In this edition a more comprehensive analysis of coil design has been included.

Harvey. Frank W. Induction Heating Corporation. Though the generation of highfrequency current is an electrical function. Ecco High Frequency Corporation. annealing. Federal Telephone & Radio Corporation. Curtis . the text is confined to application technique. High-frequency heating has already demonstrated remarkable versatility in many industries and without doubt will exert a marked influence on future product design and manufacturing process-planning. putting this current to practical use becomes almost entirely mechanical. or melting. heat-treating.PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION The purpose of this book is to offer the user of high-frequency induction-heating equipment basic technical application details that will serve as a ready reference in connection with the heating of metal parts. Deep appreciation is also extended to the Induction Heating Corporation for its help in making available many case histories an laboratory analyses of inductionheating problems. upsetting. stressrelieving. and Richard F. of the Brown & Sharpe Manufacturing Company. Heating methods have always undergone a transition of one kind or another. In view of the association so often made between induction heating and dielectric heating. This textbook would not have been possible without the generous assistance of manufacturers and users of high-frequency equipment who have contributed illustrations showing induction-heating illustrations in use. It is with this thought in mind that the user of induction-heating equipment is more concerned. References area made to product design because technically there are advantages in considering the fundamental needs of induction heating when constructional details of a component are originated. Therefore. and Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company. soldering. Girdler Corporation. The author takes this opportunity to thank the following manufactures for their valuable assistance: Ajac Electrothermic Corporation. such as may be required for hardening. The Ohio Crankshaft Company. The text includes a broad coverage of heating coils and fixtures as used in hardening and joining operations. since these constitute the main requirements of a successful application. Riegel. Tocco Division. forging. a brief chapter has been included on the latter. mainly for the purpose of showing the differences between these two methods of heat transfer. and it is logical to assume that induction-heating principles will open an important field of possibilities in economies and production gains. brazing. He thanks also Glen C. of the Caterpillar Tractor Company. other than brief references to electrical data characteristic to this type of heating.

Soldering. . III. Principles of Induction Heating Diagrams of current paths – Basic principles involved – Relation of frequency – Heating coils used – Heating formula – Effect of surface heating on metals Induction-heating Equipment Motor-generator sets – Vacuum-tube oscillators – Selection of equipment – Diagram of circuits – Miscellaneous units – Spark-gap converters Design of Induction-heating Coils Single-turn and multi-turn coils – Constructional design details – Coil proportions – Series-type coils – Parallel inductors – Miscellaneous coils – Mounting of coils – Built-up coil design Brazing.CONTENTS Preface to the second edition Preface to the first edition I. and Joining Brazing with silver alloys – Types of brazed joints – Fixtures for production setups – Continuous soldering operations – Multiple setups – Brazing carbide tools – Miscellaneous seups II. IV.