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Compressor Sizing and Calculation

Many of the steps used in sizing estimates are also useful for checking bids or evaluating existing equipment. After compression duty has been sufficiently defined, the following steps provides relations used for the computation of centrifugal compressor with example to show how preliminary selections may be made by the project engineer Listed below are the fundamental parameters or conditions that have to be defined and before considering compressor sizing: Gas composition • Flow rate • Suction condition • Discharged condition

Gas composition: This has to do with details about the types of gas and its composition. It also includes gas molecular weight. Suction condition: This gives details parametric suction condition like the temperature and pressure at the inlet. Discharge condition: Details about discharged temperature and pressure and flow conditions are expected in the process information given. The following terms are to be calculated when sizing a centrifugal compressor: • • • • • • • Polytropic Heads Tip speed Shaft speed Gas Volume Discharge Temperature (if not provided) Isentropic exponent Shaft horse power

1 = 1.0 = 0.75 n .378 n 1.5 Ibs/min 28.7 P1 rp = 2.721 pressure ratio .7 psia 90.46 14.000 ft-Ib/Ib = 1% = 0. Calculate the polytropic exponent using n-1 =k–1 n k × ηp n .378 n Calculate the pressure ratio rp = P2 = 40/14.395 40 psia inlet volume Weight Flow molecular weight inlet pressure inlet Temperature Absolute Temperature isentropic exponent for air discharge pressure = 1.395 – 1 × 1 =0.395 0.75 = 10.1 = 0.171 cfm 437. Below are some process information supplies for use in sizing a centrifugal compressor: Q1 = Wm = Mw = P1 = t1 = T1 = K = P2 = 6.0 oF 550 oR 1.48 Assumptions: Assume Average Compressibility factor (Zavg) Assume polytropic efficiency ηp Assume FT head per stage Assume mechanical loss Assume head coefficient (u) Step 1.Sizing of a Centrifugal compressor is better illustrated by sizing a typical centrifugal compressor given typical process information.

4/4 Hp = 9. required using the recommended 10.63 stages.7fps impeller tip speed Figure 5-26 showing the relationship between the volume and impeller diameter d = 17. z.000 ft-Ib/Ib head per stage z = Hp/10.171cfm Hence calculate the shaft speed (N) using N = tip speed × 60 × 12 Impeller diameter × π N = 780.2/.4 ft-Ib/Ib Step 3.378 – 1 ) Hp = 36.5 u = (9.5 u = 780.085× 32.721.29 × 550 × ( 2. Calculate the total required polytropic head using Hp = Zavg RT1 kNp rp (k – 1/kNp) -1 K–1 = 1 × 54.3 inches impeller diameter corresponding to inlet volume 6.3 .338. round off to 4 Calculate a new head per stage using four stages: Hp = 36.48).4/10. Calculate a tip speed to produce the head per stage just calculated using recommended head coefficient µ u = (Hp × g/ µ).338.7 × 60 × 12 π × 17.338. Determined the number of stages.Step 2.085 ft-Ib/Ib Step 4.000 = 36.000 z = 3.

081. ηp = .051.342×17. Recalculate the polytropic exponent using the new efficiency .33) δ = .79 δ = . Calculate volume into the last impeller (stage 4) using Qls = r = in (1 – 1/z)^1/n p Q 6.051 last stage flow coefficient Looking up the corresponding efficiency in the figure 5-26 using the flow coefficients: δ = .79 The average is rather is to calculate ηp = .869 cfm volume at last impeller Step 6.To calculates the efficiency at the last stage.342 rpm Step 5.608 Qls = 3.7211-1/4)1/1.171)/ (10. ηp = .869)/ (10. there is need to calculate the coefficient of flow for the 1st and last stage using equation.79 the average efficiency Step 6.33) δ = .N = 10.171 (2. δ = 700 Qls N d3 δ = (700×6.342×17.081 first stage flow coefficient δ = (700×3.

721.1 Thus.79 n = 1.1 n 1.359 n × 1 . calculate the discharged temperature using equation.395 .8 hp Where.8oR t2 = 787.4 33.8 – 460 t2 = 327.359 T2 = 787.1 = 1.5 × 36.559 Using the new polytropic exponent. Mechanical loss = 1% × Ghp = .000 × .000 × ηp 33.79 Ghp = 437. Ghp = Inlet rate × Polytropic Head for 4 stages = Wm × Hp 33.1 = .8 = 6.n-1 = k–1 n k × ηp n .01 × 609.000 × . .395 n . n-1 T2 = T1 rp n T2 = 550 × 2.8oF Calculate the Power (Shaft power) required using Wp = Gas Horse power + Mechanical loss Where.338.79 Hp = 609.

6) It has less operating attention. It’s efficiency is not higher compare to a well maintained other compressor example of such is reciprocating compressor.1 = 615. .Power required (Wp) = 609. construction. cost of fabrication. Disadvantages of Centrifugal compressor 1) 2) 3) Where much higher pressure ratio is required it is grossly not best suitable. It is not best suitable for lower capacity services. cost of maintenance.000 cfm to 150.000 cfm hence quite preferred where higher volumetric output is being sort for. 3) It has higher volumetric flow rate in the range of 1. it has been proven to have greater continuity of services dependable and reliable. 4) 5) Because of its wide range of application in the process industry. 7) Adaptability to high-speed low-maintenance-cost drivers.9 hp Advantages of Centrifugal compressor 1) Centrifugal compressor is known for its higher capacity/horsepower 2) It is quite simple and has appreciable size ratio hence does not require shaking force and massive foundation. Centrifugal compressor is relatively cheap in terms of energy.8 + 6.