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THE USE OF EARTHWORM AS AN ALTERNATIVE OF ANTIBIOTIC TO TREAT INFECTIOUS CORYZA AND CRONIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE IN BROILERS

SMK NEGERI 2 SLAWI

2012

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THE USE OF EARTHWORM MEAL AS AN ALTERNATIVE OF ANTIBIOTIC TO TREAT INFECTIOUS CORYZA AND DISEASE IN BROILERS

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

A. Background Antibiotics are widely used in poultry as growth boosters and antiinfective. Antibiotics are used continuously for long periods can lead to resistant microbes. Various attempts were made to find a replacement for antibiotics as the increasing trend towards healthy demand for poultry products, safe and free from harmful residues. One of them is the use of earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus), which contain high protein and complete amino acids.

B. Reasons for Choosing the Topic Based on the above background it is necessary to research which studies the effects Giving antibiotic endangers human health by eating meat containing antibiotic/prefara sulfa. Because, germs will become resistant (chickens get sick). Besides that, antibiotic/ prefara sulfa residue will settle in the kidneys

C. Statements of the Problems Based on the above background and issues, research problems can be formulated as follows: 1. Are there some effects of the use of Earthworm meal as an alternative of antibiotic to treat Infectious Coryza in broilers? 2. Are there some effects of the use of Earthworm meal as an alternative of antibiotic to treat Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) in broilers?

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D.

Objectives of the Study The general objective of this study was to determine the effect of Earthworm

meal as an alternative of antibiotic to treat Chronic Respiratory Disease in broilers. The major purposes of this study are for: 1. Describing and analyzing the effects of the use of Earthworm meal as an alternative of antibiotic to treat Chronic Respiratory Disease in broiler. 2. Describing and analyzing the effects of the use of Earthworm meal as an alternative of antibiotic to treat Chronic Respiratory Disease in broilers.

E. Significances of the Study The benefits of this research are the treatment of the broilers having an Infectious Coryza and Chronic Respiratory Disease using the meal of worm with cheap price, safety and effective.

F. Hypothesis Based on the background and the problems above, hypothesis can be formulated as follows: 1) There is an effect of the use of Earthworm meal as an alternative of antibiotic to treat Infectious Coryza in broilers. 2) There is an effect of the use of Earthworm meal as an alternative of antibiotic to treat Chronic Respiratory Disease in broilers.

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CHAPTER II METHOD OF THE RESEARCH

A. Research Design This study used pure experimental research design in the laboratory poultry farm (isolation cage). The approach used in this study is purely experimental (true experimental). The research is applied to three broiler chickens. The two chickens have Infectious Coryza and one chicken has Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD). The Infectious Coryza/Snot uses 1 capsule of earthworm meal three times a day. The Chronic Respiratory Disease, with dosage 2 (two) capsules three times a day for three days and with dosage 2 (two) capsules three times a day for three days. The observed parameters are: Thick face of swollen, Sneezing, Coughing, conjunctivitis, swollen joint and body weight. B. Procedures 1. The Making of Earthworm Meal: a. Prepare tools and materials : Tools Materials  Electric balance  Earthworm  Glass  Hot water  Patri glass  Capsules  Mortal (grinder)  Weight  Plate  Earthworms  Spatula  Water bath b. Wash the fresh worms with fresh water. c. Put the fresh worm into the hot water. d. Dry the worms under the sunlight e. Grind the worms into meal. f. Put the meal into capsules. g. The earthworm meal is ready to use.
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2. Medical Treatment a. Tools and materials Tools Materials
 Feed  Drinking Water  Disinfectants

o Isolation cage  Sick Broiler Chickens o Balance o Caliper o Feeder o Waterer o Isolation cage o Balance

b. Isolation:     Afkir Placing into isolation cage

c. Application: For the infectious coryza is given 1 capsule of earthworm meal three times a day for three days. For the CRD is given 2 capsules of earthworm meal three times a day for three days.

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CHAPTER III RESULT AND DISCUSSION

A. Results a. The making of earthworm meal The process of earthworm meal in this study uses 22 grams of fresh earthworm. The dried and grinded worms are as much as 4 grams earthworm meal (resulting 18% rendemen). b. The making of earthworm meal c. The result of broiler number 1 has Infectious coryza (Snot), with dosage 1 capsule three times a day for three days.

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d. The result of broiler number 2 has Infectious coryza (Snot), with dosage 1 capsule three times a day for three days.

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e.

The result of broiler has Chronic Respiratory Disease, with dosage 2 capsule three times a day for three days.

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B. Discussion From various studies, flour worms have the most complete amino acids needed by the body. Lumbrokinase enzymes normalize blood pressure. Enzyme peroxidase and catalase enzymes effectively cure degenerative diseases such as, diabetes mellitus, cholesterol, and arthritis. Cellulase enzymes and lignase help improve digestion / stomach disorders (ulcers). arachinoid acid decreasing body temperature, and has the inhibitor typhimuroium salmonella bacteria, Escherichia coli, bacillus sthapyiloccus albus, lesteria monocytogenes, making it effective to cure typhus. Low fat worm flour contains no toxins and no side effects, for diabetics, meal worms can increase stamina, improve the body's cells, nerve, pancreas, when consumed regularly metabolic disorders can return to normal. Some of chicken disease which use earth worm to treat are Infectious Disease and Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD). Infectious coryza or Snot is an infectious disease.Infectious coryza is usually acute and chronic. respiratory disease. countries. In the case of pure coryza, the mortality rate is usually not more than 20%, but the morbidity rate reached 100%. In cases with complications coryza generally become more severe and chronic. Clinical symptoms of infectious coryza: coughing, sneezing, runny nose, swollen face, watery eyes, eyelids closed. Clinical symptoms of Chronic Respiration Disease: coughing, watery eyes, swollen faces etc.. To treat CRD and coryza usually use antibiotics such as: streptomysin, tylosin, erythomicin, sulfamix, sulfa quinoxalin although antibiotic and sulfa preparation is dangers. Various attempts were made to find a replacement for antibiotics as the increasing trend towards healthy demand for poultry products, safe and free from harmful residues. One of them is the use of earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus), which contain high protein and complete amino acids. The disease causing

The disease is found almost all over the world in tropical

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CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

This chapter concludes the study and gives some suggestions based on the research which has been done.

A. Conclusion In this research, the writer has also done some steps to answer the problem of the research. The writer has also used some sources such as related books, website and many others. After comprehending and analyzing the study, the writer can conclude as follows: 1. The earthworm meal can treat infectious coryza and chronic respiratory diseases, because earthworm containing Lumbrokinase enzyme which can destroy body cell of microorganism. 2. Infectious coryza has been given earthworm meal with dossage 1 capsule, then recover after 4 days of treatment.

B. Suggestion Based on the result and conclusion, the chickens which have infectious Coryza and CRD are threaten by using earthworm meal with different dosages. For the CRD is 3 x 2 capsules dan for Infectious Coryza is 3 x 1 capsules. Earthworm meal is one of alternative antibiotics for treating CRD and Infectious Coryza which is caused by germs.

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REFERENCES

Damayanti, E., H. Julendra, A. Sofyan, dan T. Untari. Pemanfaatan Tepung Cacing Tanah (Lumbricus rubelIus) sebagai Agensia Anti-Pullorum dalam lmbuhan Pakan Ayam Broiler. 2009. Jurnal llmu Ternak dan Veteriner 14(2): 83-89. Julendra, H. 2003.Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Tepung Cacing Tanah pada Pakan Broiler Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Salmonella pu/Jorum Secara Invitro. Presiding Paparan IPT. 2003. Julendra, H and A. Sofyan 2007A Uji lnvitro Penghambatan Aktivitas Escherichia coli dengan Tepung Cacing Tanah ( Lumbricus rube/Jus). Media Peternakan, Jurnalllmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi Peternakan, vol. 30 No. 1 : 1-70, April 2007. Julendra, H., A Sofyan 2007b. Respon Ayam Btroiler yang diberi Tepung Cacing Tanah ( Lumbricus rube/Ius) terhadap lnfek Salmane/a Pul/orum. Presiding Seminar Nasional "Peternakan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pedesaan". November 2007. Fakultas Peternakan UGM. Julendra, H. 2010. Penggunaan TCT Sebagai Aditif Pakan Pemacu Pertumbuhan Pada Ayam Broiler. Tesis. Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Gadjah Mada ,.

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