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# Steps

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Find the photo you are going to write the caption for. Look at it, and find the thoughts that you are trying to communicate via this picture. How is it relevant to the article or topic? Write this down (just quick notes, no need for complete sentences). For best results.

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Using the main idea of the picture, write a simple sentence that sums up everything that is happening in it. If one sentence is not enough, use two. (Three is pushing it, so stay short.) For example, if your photograph were of a baby giraffe, you would write, "A giraffe calf with its mother."

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Add to the sentence(s) where this is taking place. You can keep it short or be descriptive. To add to your giraffe sentence, you would write, "A giraffe calf with its mother at the crowded wikiHow Zoo."

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Add a little detail. Describe the main "character(s)" of the picture, or throw in an interesting fact or statistic that complements the topic. To your giraffe sentence, you would write, "A lanky newborn giraffe calf with its samson mother at the crowded wikiHow Zoo."

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What is happening in the picture? Throw in some action to spice things up. For example, your sentence would now be, "A lanky newborn giraffe calf stumbles around its enclosure with its mother at the crowded wikiHow Zoo."
6. 6 You're done! Polish off your sentence and fix any possible spelling or grammatical errors, and you're as good as gold. This is one prize-worthy sentence!

.[1][2][3][4] This date is regarded as the end-date of a 5.125-year-long cycle in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. though none have been accepted by mainstream scholarship. Various astronomical alignments and numerological formulae have been proposed as pertaining to this date.The 2012 phenomenon comprises a range of eschatological beliefs according to which cataclysmic or transformative events will occur on 21 December 2012.

000 days or roughly 394 years) made up a b'ak'tun. the Mayan date of 8. Thus. 10 uinals and 15 days.[17] The Popol Vuh describes the gods first creating three failed worlds. a compilation of the creation accounts of the K'iche' Maya of the Colonial-era highlands.15 represents 8 b'ak'tuns.[6] Scenarios suggested for the end of the world include the arrival of the next solar maximum.[5] Others suggest that the 2012 date marks the end of the world or a similar catastrophe. In the Maya Long Count.2.[14][15] Apocalypse There is a strong tradition of "world ages" in Mayan literature. the previous world ended after 13 b'ak'tuns.[16] According to the Popol Vuh. or Earth's collision with an object such as a black hole. 20 tuns made a k'atun. Professional Mayanist scholars state that predictions of impending doom are not found in any of the extant classic Maya accounts.[3][7][8] Astronomers and other scientists have rejected the proposals aspseudoscience. Although the Long Count was most likely invented by the Olmec. 18 uinals (360 days) made a tun. leaving several possibilities open to interpretation. or a planet called "Nibiru". followed by a successful fourth world in which humanity was placed. Scholars from various disciplines have dismissed the idea of such cataclysmic events occurring in 2012. and 20 k'atuns (144. and that the idea that the Long Count calendar "ends" in 2012 misrepresents Maya history and culture.[13] meaning that a corpus of their written and inscribed material has survived from before theEuropean conquest. whose classic period lasted from 250 to 900 AD.A New Age interpretation of this transition is that this date marks the start of time in which Earth and its inhabitants may undergo a positive physical or spiritual transformation.[18][Note a] The Long Count's "zero date"[Note .[12] The writing system of the classic Maya has been substantially deciphered. but the record has been distorted. 2 tuns. or roughly 5. we are living in the fourth world. and kept time roughly in units of 20: 20 days made a uinal.[11] it has become closely associated with the Maya civilization. a passing asteroid.10. 3 k'atuns. such as global warming and loss of biological diversity".125 years. the Long Count was linear rather than cyclical. stating that they conflict with simple astronomical observations[9] and amount to "a distraction from more important science concerns. Unlike the 52-year Calendar Round still used today among the Maya. and that 2012 may mark the beginning of a new era.[10] Mesoamerican Long Count calendar Main article: Mesoamerican Long Count calendar December 2012 marks the conclusion of a b'ak'tun—a time period in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar which was used in Central America prior to the arrival of Europeans.3.

our present universe [would] be annihilated [in December 2012][Note d] when the Great Cycle of the Long Count reaches completion.0. 603 AD Gregorian) and then adds the Distance Number 10.[19][Note c] This means that the fourth world will also have reached the end of its 13th b'ak'tun. which corresponds to 11 August 3114 BC in the proleptic Gregorian calendar. that Armageddon would overtake the degenerate peoples of the world and all creation on the final day of the 13th [b'ak'tun].13.9. Long Count dates together with an additional number. researchers announced the discovery of a series of Mayan astronomical tables in Xultun.9..8 to it. In 2012.13.13. equivalent to 27 July 615 AD in the proleptic Gregorian calendar. do mention the end of the 13th b'ak'tun: Tortuguero Monument 6 and La Corona Hieroglyphic Stairway 12.0 (24 March.134105 × 1028 (41 octillion) years in the future. Mayanist and astronomer Maud Worcester Makemson wrote that "the completion of a Great Period of 13 b'ak'tuns would have been of the utmost significance to the Maya".13.8.[24][41][42] Another example is Stele 1 at Coba which gives a date of 13. Most of these are in the form of "distance dates".0. Pakal's accession occurred on 9. Coe wrote in The Maya that "there is a suggestion .0. Guatemala which plot the movements of the Moon and other astronomical bodies over the course of 17 b'ak'tuns.13.8.. Michael D.13.13.0.13.[41] arriving at a date of 21 October 4772 AD.13.13.10.13.000 years after Pakal's time. on 21 December 2012.13.[43] This date is 3 quintillion times the age of the universe as determined by cosmologists. or Mayan date 13. or twenty units above the b'ak'tun.0.0.13.[20] In 1966.[27][44][45] Origins In 1975.13. Dates beyond b'ak'tun 13 Mayan inscriptions occasionally mention predicted future events or commemorations that would occur on dates far beyond the completion of the 13th b'ak'tun.[1][Note c] In 1957. Thus .2.. more than 4.13.13..13. the ending of b'ak'tun 13 became the subject of speculation by several New Age authors.0.11.13.b] was set at a point in the past marking the end of the third world and the beginning of the current one. which when added to them makes a future date.0. known as a Distance Number.13.[32]Two items in the Mayan classical corpus. On the west panel at the Temple of Inscriptions in Palenque. The inscription begins with Pakal's birthdate of 9. who asserted it would correspond with a global "transformation of consciousness".4."[21] Mayan references to b'ak'tun 13 It is not certain what significance the classic Maya give to the 13th b'ak'tun. . a section of text projects forward to the 80th 52-year Calendar Round from the coronation of the ruler K'inich Janaab' Pakal. placing it either 4. however.13.5.[32] Most classic Maya inscriptions are strictly historical and do not make any prophetic declarations.[25] or an equal distance in the past.

[Note d] each became convinced that 21 December 2012. 2012). This signals the end of one astrological age (the Age of Pisces) and the beginning of another (the Age of Aquarius). in the southern hemisphere. the Sun's December solstice position (in the northern hemisphere. Precession In the Solar System.0.[57][58] He claimed that on 13 August 3113 BC the Earth began a passage through a "galactic synchronization beam" that emanated from the center of our galaxy. or by one constellation every 2. Frank Waters tied Coe's original date of 24 December 2011.[62] In Western astrological traditions. is due to a slight wobble in the Earth's axis as it spins. By 1987. over time. the highest) is currently in the constellation of Sagittarius. that it would pass through this beam during a period of 5200 tuns (Maya cycles of 360 days each). precession is measured from the March equinox.[59] Anthony Aveni has dismissed all of these ideas. or the point at which the Sun is exactly halfway between its lowest and highest points in the sky. a period often called a Great Year. its supposed end date has been tied to astronomical phenomena by esoteric. the planets and the Sun lie roughly within the same flat plane. the year in which he organized the Harmonic Convergence event.0. the ecliptic is the path taken by the Sun across the sky over the course of the year. The twelve constellations that line the ecliptic are known as the zodiac and. the lowest point on its annual path.0 (21 Dec. 360-degree backward rotation through the zodiac. and can be compared to the way a spinning top wobbles as it slows down. This backward movement. the Sun's annual cycle appears to recede very slowly backward by one degree every 72 years. Arguelles was using the date 21 December 2012 in The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology. He believed that the Maya aligned their calendar to correspond to this phenomenon. Presently.0. the Sun's path completes a full. with the publication of Robert J.800 years. the Sun passes through all of them in turn.160 years. and New Age literature that places great significance on astrology.[53]while both José Argüelles (in The Transformative Vision)[54] and Terence McKenna (in The Invisible Landscape) [55][56] discussed the significance of the year 2012 and made reference to 21 Dec. Sharer's revised table of date correlations in the 4th edition of Morley's The Ancient Maya. fringe. From our perspective on Earth. and that this beam would result in "total synchronization" and "galactic entrainment" of individuals "plugged into the Earth's electromagnetic battery" by 13.[62]Over the course of 25.[46][48] Chief among these is the concept of the "galactic alignment". had significant meaning.In Mexico Mystique: The Coming Sixth Age of Consciousness. the Sun's March equinox position is in the constellation Pisces and is moving back into Aquarius.[Note d] to astrology and the prophecies of the Hopi. known as the plane of the ecliptic. called "precession". 2012. In 1983.[61] However. one of two constellations in which the zodiac intersects with the Milky Way. Additionally.[63] Similarly. annually.[60] Galactic alignment There is no significant astronomical event tied to the Long Count's start date. .

from the surface of the Earth. particularly on YouTube. the Sun's December solstice will fall on 21 December.[111] . or Nibiru. will collide with or pass by Earth in that year. the Sun and the Milky Way.[93] as well as on several cable TV channels. and every year. appear to come into alignment. Planet X/Nibiru Main article: Nibiru cataclysm Some believers in doomsday in 2012 claim that a planet called Planet X.[65] It is currently about halfway through the Milky Way.[64] Every year.[111][112] Astronomers have calculated that such an object so close to Earth would be visible to anyone looking up at the night sky. but proponents later abandoned that date after it passed without incident. Given that the Milky Way is between 10° and 20° wide. precession causes a slight shift in the Sun's position in the Milky Way. initially predicted Doomsday in May 2003. on the December solstice. This idea. crossing the galactic equator. Doomsday theories A far more apocalyptic view of the year 2012 that has spread in various media describes the end of the world or of human civilization on that date. which has appeared in various forms since 1995.[111] The idea originated from claims of channeling of alien beings and has been widely ridiculed.[66] In 2012. This view has been promulgated by many hoax pages on the Internet. it takes between 700 and 1400 years for the Sun's December solstice position to precess through it.