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March 2012 Vol. 34 No.


Decorative & Architectural Concrete
32 Art and Science of Building in Concrete: The Work of Pier Luigi Nervi

ACI has tested over for: Descriptions of ACI Certification Programs — Includes program requirements and reference/ resource materials. Schedule of Upcoming/Testing Sessions — Search by program and/or state. and to arrange for performance testing. Upcoming tour locations are: March 2012 Illinois Indiana Louisiana Mississippi April 2012 Iowa Louisiana Mississippi Missouri Wisconsin To schedule your lab for CCRL inspection. inspectors. and craftsmen in 17 different certification programs. Visit www. CCRL LAb ToUR The Cement and Concrete Reference Laboratory offers performance examinations for the ACI Concrete Strength Testing Technician and ACI Aggregate Testing Technician – Level 1 certification programs.000 concrete technicians. contact Jan Prowell at (301) 975-6704.Next Time.. Directory of Certified Individuals— Confirm an individual’s certification and date of expiration.ACI Certification. supervisors. When you have a need for qualified concrete professionals— specify ACI Certification. 2 march 2012 Concrete international . specify ACI Certified personnel Since 1980.

wall. 34 No.MArch 2012 Vol. Buffenbarger The New Fellows of ACI Twenty-eight members will be awarded at the spring convention ASCC Position Statement Concrete Floor Slabs on Cambered Structural Steel Concrete Q & A Anchors for Structures in Seismic Regions Concrete international MARCh 2012 3 . 3 34 DEcOrATIVE & ArchITEcTUrAL cONcrETE 32 Art and Science of Building in Concrete: The Work of Pier Luigi Nervi International exhibition and ACI Spring 2012 Convention sessions are dedicated to this grand master of concrete structures by Mario A. Chiorino 45 The Textile Block System An overview of Frank Lloyd Wright’s mono-material concepts for middle-income housing by Edward Losch The Use of Glass Powder as Supplementary Cementitious Material 56 Field trials in slab. and sidewalk concrete mixtures by Arezki Tagnit-Hamou and Abdelkrim Bengougam 62 65 18 41 69 82 94 50 2012 AIA Institute Honor Awards HNA Hardscape Project Award Winners ALSO FEATUrING Bridging Theory & Practice Highlights of the ACI Fall 2011 Convention Concrete Sustainability Forum IV Essence of concrete sustainability by Koji Sakai and Julie K.

and at additional mailing offices.Pyc@concrete. Mich. or the supplier.00 per transaction. Karen czedik.S. Farmington hills.concrete. Kelli r. Institute publications are not able to. 38800 Country Club Drive. Salem. Printed in the United States of America.00 for nonmembers. LEED aP (rex. Patent Trademark EDITOrIAL ASSISTANT Kaitlyn J. P. Mary’s Cathedral in San Francisco. (248) 848-3700 Fax. Bergin EDITOrS carl r.O. both prepaid. Bischof (Senior Editor)..00 for ACI members. Canadian GST #126213149RT departments 6 7 10 12 13 77 80 Pier Luigi Nervi’s masterpieces typically display elegant geometrical networks. Bedward Copyright © 2012 American Concrete Institute. Payments marked ISSN 0162-4075/97 should be sent directly to the Copyright Clearance Center. Permission is granted by the American Concrete Institute for libraries and other users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) to photocopy any article herein for the fee of $3. and possessions). Requests for special permission or bulk copying should be addressed to the Publisher. ryan m. colleen E. Telephone: (248) 848-3700. (248) 848-3150 4 march 2012 Concrete international . agata Pyc (agata. Concrete EDITOr-IN-chIEF rex MANAGING EDITOr Keith a. nor intended to supplant individual training. Box 9094. For more on the extraordinary talents and accomplishments of Nervi. CA.March 57 Concrete international PUbLIShEr John c.. Copying done for other than personal or internal reference use without the express permission of the American Concrete Institute is prohibited. see p. The Institute is not responsible for the statements or opinions expressed in its publications. 21 Congress St. Subscription rates: $161 per year (U. ENGINEErING EDITOr W. or judgment of the user. Donahey. Mich. the small Sports Palace in Rome. Jay PUbLIShING ASSISTANT Daniela a. as well as more detailed images of these and other structures. What’s coming meetings membership application Bulletin Board advertisers’ Index 83 84 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 AMErIcAN cONcrETE INSTITUTE http://www.Glumb@concrete. All correspondence should be directed to the headquarters office: P. Denise E. 01970. Tatum (Senior Designer). PE. 32. $170 (elsewhere) payable in advance: single copy price is $26. illustrated here by patterns from the Palazzo del Lavoro in Turin. $19. and St. Wolber GrAPhIc DESIGNErS Gail L. (jrhodes@networkmediapartners. Farmington hills. Facsimile (FAX): (248) 848-3701. Concrete International has title registration ® with the U. American Concrete Institute. Periodicals postage paid at Farmington. Glumb. the Papal Audience Hall in Vatican City. MI 48333-9094. Letters President’s memo Educational Seminars On the move News Products & Practice Products Showcase Industry Focus calls for Papers Public Discussion Spanish Translation Synopses Bookshelf What’s New. Slayden. Susan K. Italy. POSTMASTER: send address changes to Concrete International.Donahey@concrete. hunt. Tosolt (Keith. Concrete International (US ISSN 0162-4075) is published monthly by the American Concrete Institute. Box Publishing services MANAGEr Barry m. MA. MI 48333-9094.S. Italy. Esper. Inc.O.Tosolt@concrete. of the information ADVErTISING Jeff rhodes Network media Partners. hinman ( Tel. Farmington hills. 48331. caE (John.hinman@concrete. Senior Managing Director: John C. McGuire William Finance and administration: Donna G. but his anticipation of “Precast Customer and member support: Melinda G. Professional development: Michael L. Kahn Kimberly E. Suchorski Michael L. MacDonald Antonio Nanni Hani H.Tholen@concrete. Sordyl. Managing Director (Daniel. and beauty of such systems are demonstrated well by the mesh of reinforced intersecting ribs in Nervi’s Hall C of Turin Exhibition Complex in Turin. Attiogbe Khaled Renée J. Baloh. Griffith Tarek Sales and membership: Diane L. Myers William D. 8-9. John J. Taking a cue from ACI Past President sustaining memBers See pages 16-17 for a list of acI’s Sustaining members. and industry relations: Douglas J. Ferraris Ronald J. It serves well as the stay-in-place form to encompass the theme of “backsight and foresight” in Hover’s final memo and the recounting of Nervi and Wright’s landmark Certification and chapters: John W. Wargo staff liaison chair aci staff Executive Vice President: Ronald Burg (Ron. Hollister’s farewell address delivered over 78 years ago.IN ci American concrete Institute board of Direction Dennis C. Jones Kenneth C. Andrea J. Lange Daniel W. Reynolds. Lange Denis Mitchell Jack Moehle David H. Barth James K. Mitchell Englestead Frances T. contributors Mario A. Nehasil Khaled W. Director (Diane. Manager (Melinda. Nassif Jan Olek Michael M. easy to handle…” struck me as precisely relevant to the work of Nervi and Wright.Sordyl@concrete. Stivaros Eldon Tipping secretary chair educational actiVities committee David M. The audacity. Palmer Jr. To learn more about our sustaining members. and the nearly transparent colonnade of Wright’s Turkel House in Detroit.Burg@concrete. Ahal Neal S. Cheek Cesar A. Alcocer David J. Taber David W.Mlutkowski@concrete. Schokker Lawrence sales. go to the acI Web site at www. Malerk Ed T. Rex C. Terry Harris John W. Ellis executiVe Vice President Ronald Burg technical actiVities committee David A. García Florian G. Harris Cecil L. Director ( Sustainability: Publishing and event services: Kevin P. Constantino Jean-François Dufour Alejandro Duran-Herrera J. Sanders Joseph Strategic Development Council/ Marketing. 32 and 45. The well-illustrated articles start on p. Engineering: Daniel W. Managing Director (John. Nehasil. Donahey David Darwin Luis E. Lobo Thomas O. and he wraps up with yet another inspiring President’s Memo (p. Brown Mark A.Baloh@concrete. respectively. Tholen Alejandro Duran-Herrera Frances T. Chiorino and Edward Losch individually examine the legacies of two great designers: Pier Luigi Nervi and Frank Lloyd Wright. Managing Director (Douglas. Hanskat Joe Hug Colin L. Hover President directors Ron Klemencic David A. 7). Awad Heather J. Whitmore staff liaison chair certification Programs committee G. Awad James R. Sanders March 2012 I n this month’s CI. the articles make it clear that they shared an enthusiasm for stay-in-place precast concrete formwork. MI. Schemmel Vinicio Suarez George R. Anderson Emmanuel K. Italy. Hollister commented on many topics in his talk. Managing Director (Donna. Managing Director (Mike. Tholen. Concrete international MARCh 2012 5 .Halstead@concrete. Sutter Lawrence H. Hover encourages ACI members to continue to look to the future. including his expectations for future industry developments such as high-strength concrete. Griffith Charles S. Lewis. This month marks the end of Ken Hover’s term as President of ACI. Bird Chiara F. Kreger Kevin A.htm. Although I’m aware of no collaborations between the two. elegance. Sprinkel Pericles C. Janowiak Michael E. Director (Renee. Glumb (John.Nehasil@concrete. Kurtis Thomas O. Mlutkowski.concrete. Wight Past President Board memBers Vice Presidents Anne M.Lewis@concrete. Malerk John J.Reynolds@concrete. Palmer Jr. Falconer Sergio M. Hollister’s address is reprinted in its entirety on pp.

Allflat Consulting. “If the overall FF and FL values meet or exceed the specified overall values and the minimum local values have not been violated. 83-84). on any minimum local 6 march 2012 Concrete international The Floor Flatness Report areas. 1.5. you should first verify that the overall FF and FL values meet the specified requirements. Birdwell. the following statement from p. The data might indicate a possibility of an issue with flatness and/or levelness in an area around a particular run. or 15. 7. are discussed in Section 7. Donahey.0. albeit possibly considered problematic. Thus. “Specification for Tolerances for Concrete Construction and Materials (ACI 117-10) and Commentary. but the data cannot be compared against a specified value. Rex C.” Because a single test run represents data from a line (not an area). Section 4. Lakeland. is a correct term in the sense that the SOF is the lowest value tolerable by the specifier. More information on why one sample measurement line of flatness/levelness cannot be used as a means for rejecting a floor is provided in the July 2008 Concrete Q&A (“Rejecting Floors Based on One Sample Measurement Line. Beta Testing & Inspection LLC.1. these should be spelled out in the specification.” This should be phrased as. respectively.3. pp. 33. Minimum FF and minimum FL could be confused with minimum local values for flatness (MLFF) and levelness (MLFL) as described in ACI 117.5. This is not true. FL Editor and author’s response The writers’ comments are appreciated. We agree that minimum sampling requirements are not discussed in ACI 117 and the reference should have been to ASTM E1155. Darrow. the reader is led to believe that a single run with results below the minimum local value requires remediation for violating the minimum local tolerance value. Section 7.” In fact. 30.” should not have been included in the discussion. you can see that the overall flatness and levelness requirements have been met. so better wording would have been: “…suppose your project specification calls for a specified overall value for flatness (SOFF) of 25 and a specified overall value for levelness (SOFL) of 20. American Concrete Institute. 35-39). Some statements included in the article therefore require correction or clarification. V.0 and 12. there is no need for remediation. “Acceptance or rejection of a minimum local area requires that data collection within the minimum local area in question meet the requirements of ASTM E1155. Cheek.0. Nmin.” ACI 117. provides only minimum sampling require” ments for the manual straightedge method (Section 4.0 and 12. Unfortunately.Letters While we applaud the effort to make CI readers aware of the contents of floor flatness reports. Farmington Hills. we are concerned about a number of issues in “The Floor Flatness Report” from the January 2011 CI (V. the cited example provides only data from a single run.8. The error on p.2).8. For example. 38 is the most questionable: “However. Commentary Section R4.6 of ASTM E1155. 37: “When reviewing a report. No. An individual run can be used solely as data—nothing more. Darrell L. nor comprise an area less than 320 ft2. so the clause. suppose your project specification calls for a minimum FF of 25 and a minimum FL of 20.” A similar issue occurs on p. ASTM E1155.” In terms of setting unreasonable expectations. The article may cause some building owners and others interested in floors meeting flatness and levelness tolerances to have unreasonable or misguided expectations regarding reported floor flatness and levelness results. Additional testing will be required to determine the entire area for remediation. pp. if—as in the example—the overall values meet the specification and the minimum local values don’t. Looking at the example data in Table 2. No. Norfolk. states. the requirements for the minimum number of 10 ft elevation difference readings per the test section. or 15. As ACI 117. Also quoting from p. “as in the example.3. respectively. The use of the word minimum when referring to specified overall values (SOF). MI Mark A. not a complete test section (minimum local area).6. the surface will need remediation in the areas where the minimum local values were out of spec. 37 on taking measurements with a Dipstick® floor profiler or equivalent: “Minimum sampling requirements are discussed in ACI 117. ” specifies that “no test section shall measure less than 8 ft on a side. 38: “If the overall FF and FL values exceed the minimum specified requirements and the minimum local values have not been violated.2. the data in the example cannot be compared against specified MLFF and/or MLFL values. ” This statement is true if minimum local values are not met in a local tested area or areas.” Concrete International. The corresponding minimum local values for flatness (MLFF) and levelness (MLFL) are typically 60% of these values. VA Bryan M. there is no need for remediation. Quoting from p. “Standard Test Method for Determining FF Floor Flatness and FL Floor Levelness Numbers. The corresponding minimum local values are typically 60% of these values. Birdwell and Associates. A single test run can’t be compared against an SOF.8. 38 was the result of an unfortunate attempt by the Editor to get more value out of a table. LA .” The inclusion of the word minimum” in the second sentence is problematic. Gretna.

I’m convinced that the “Next Big Thing” to influence the concrete industry for the better is already out there in the minds and imaginations of many of you! Thank you for the honor of serving as your President. We can provide strength. would at least double. I was running surveys and I loved every minute. Looking forward. and when I stop by committees that always carve out time in their document development agendas to present and discuss new ideas. certification. hover. other. ” To minimize error. and we can do it sustainably. be part of the fresh new look in ACI’s educational activities. resistance to cracking. That is why I’m so excited when I visit chapters that are talking about new developments. My vision of the near future is that we can do this more reliably. Jim Wight is 100% ready to assume the role of President and is following Terry Holland’s advice to “hit the ground running. and deep fiscal understanding of the Institute to the position of VP. easy to handle. Coming onto the Executive Committee. He predicted: “Smaller columns. durability. I see us increasing our ability to manage the variability of our materials. This inspired new leadership also will be finding ways to more fully integrate international and M domestic activities to accurately reflect our truly global industry. including the long. A new basis of design.” To look further into our future. and board committees than I can list here. I believe that today’s concrete industry can pretty much do anything that is asked of it. Those folks and their predecessors gave sustainability a home in ACI and a home in the concrete industry through the Concrete Joint Sustainability Initiative. the wisdom and depth of Luis García. Hover Concrete international march 2012 7 . ” Here in the present. who was running the crew with the story pole in one hand and a float in the Kenneth c. this new Executive Committee will see continued development in sustainability. and creativity of Dick Stehly.000 psi (made possible by imagining admixtures). stiffness. A few years later. let’s reference ACI President S. while providing a fully satisfactory product to those whose needs are less demanding. I was likewise blessed with dedicated staff members who learned the ropes under Bill Tolley. educational. Kenneth C. The present limiting heights of buildings. I learned that when AcI President transferring levels from the known elevation behind you to establish a new reference ahead. Precast units. As the boy in The Sixth Sense would say. and resiliency. and increasing our tolerance for variable weather. new codes and specifications. you need to “balance the backsight and the foresight. enthusiasm. confidently. anywhere in the world as long as someone is willing to pay for it. you have to look back about as far as you want to look ahead—an important lesson for this. decreasing the variability in construction processes and testing. cold day I shot wet-screed elevations for a young Dan Baker. sharpen focus on our chapters. Over the next few years. Hollister imagined the consequences of boosting compressive strength from 3000 to 10. your individual and collective visions of the future are far more important than mine.” Anne Ellis is primed to become our Senior Vice President (VP) and is actively leading reviews of our strategic plan and how we communicate with each other and the world.President’s Memo Surveying the Future: backsights and Foresights y route to the construction industry began with a Surveying Merit Badge. and witness the launch of the exciting new 318 Code format. and profitably serving discriminating owners. ” But as deeply honored as I have been to serve as your President.C. The industry and the Institute will go where you take us. We are excited to bring Bill Rushing’s experience. my last President’s Memo. and the incredible energy. thinner and lighter beams and slabs would at once result. I was blessed with a dynamic and discerning Board of Direction. the strategic instincts and vision of Florian Barth. They also welcomed or expanded the scope of more new technical. more repeatedly. “I see smaller standard deviations. would be available. enthusiasm. experience the new member-requested convention format. where—as United Airlines puts it—“the word ‘foreign’ is losing its meaning. would be required. I see us reliably. pretty much on any site. Wow! Hollister was right on ” target! But he also warned against growing “so accustomed to the surrounding conditions that they are accepted as a sort of status not subject to review. And Ron Burg has come up to speed and effectiveness incredibly fast as our “no longer new” Executive VP. and on demand— any time those demands are communicated clearly and with precision. of spans of bridges. Hollister’s farewell speech as a benchmark from our past (delivered almost 80 years ago and reprinted on the following pages).

assets. Imagine. Precast units. they behaved in accordance with the water-cement ratio law. From a strictly business point of view. Have we not at hand essential rules for the proportioning of concrete to obtain strength. Present methods in use by Earley in the construction of the Baha’i Temple permit them to place their units weighing 3 tons or more and to lift them out and turn Presented by the retiring President.C. 1934. To obtain this phenomenal result. to each of the membership. and to him I pay sincere and humble tribute. Harvey Whipple. or high early strength. but rather in the broader view of the Institute’s work in hollister relation to the field which it serves. * Is the realm of dreams for the Institute really barren? In answer. for example. and specifications would be required. at the Institute’s 30th Annual Dinner. of spans of bridges. has not the field been served and has not the Institute shot its bolt? One may grow so accustomed to the surrounding conditions that they are accepted as a sort of status not subject to review. But perhaps to no single individual goes as much credit for this achievement as should rightfully go to your Secretary-Treasurer. Surely a majority of concrete structures may be built of a standard cement in any case. Hollister* It is fitting that a periodic account of stocks be taken concerning the state of the Institute. or still something else? Admittedly this is not so much a question to be solved by the Institute as it is a basis to which concrete work is to be adjusted. new codes. durability. But my special theme this evening lies in the answer to a challenging comment passed to me not long ago. An automobile is ordinary when it is a daily necessity. a new era in concrete is born. Perhaps it may seem to some that these are idle dreams. What a challenge this has offered! If this dispersion could be accomplished in other ways. S. they are only the dreams of yesterday come true. goes a measure of credit for his loyalty in this achievement. he had to use pressure to cause the minute amount of water to be dispersed throughout the cement. water-tightness? Have we not elaborate equipment. A new basis of design. The Institute has ridden the storm and has proven herself a sturdy ship. Hollister. And so the Institute can and will go on to the service that lies ahead. would be at least double.President’s Address by S. This is quite aside from the question whether one cement or several cements will be available. but let us see whether there is any tangible basis for thinking there is a possibility of moving on from our presently current strength to those of Abrams’ cylinders of the strength of steel. The present limiting heights of buildings. it is because there still exist dreams of accomplishment—developments not yet realized. and surplus if any. thinner and lighter beams and slabs would at once result. who is there who would say that in any single major phase of the field we have reached what ten or twenty years hence. The achievement of today was the goal of yesterday. If there is a field for the Institute.C. what do we think the cement of twenty years hence will be like? What will be the currently available concrete strength and what the construction methods? In this frame of mind. but today’s automobile would have been an unquestioned marvel twenty or even ten years ago. cement. But will it approach in character the present standard portland. I have dared to review even the most complacently accepted practices of today and to ask: What reasonably possible developments may be made in the next twenty or ten years? There are many indications as disclosed by reports to this Institute that a number of interesting developments are possible in the basic product. easy to handle. And what of concrete mixtures? Abrams has made mortar cylinders with the strength of steel. 8 march 2012 Concrete international . It cannot be the goal for tomorrow.000 psi. or low heat. If the function of the Institute has been fulfilled. I choose to view the state of the Institute this evening at this 29th anniversary of its founding not in the traditional light of receipts and disbursements. the concrete with an available strength of 10. would be available. and codes by which to construct concrete work? What need for additional data and what data to add? In short. Smaller columns. To the whole crew. February 21. Toronto. Judging by the development of the last twenty years. Great as have been the achievements in the field of concrete today. Moreover. or if only a part of this added strength is made available by easily applied methods. we will expect to see as established practice? But let us be more specific. it is pleasing to report to you that the Institute is in good health due in part to the far-seeing policies of your former officers to provide for an eventual rainy day and in part to the successful efforts of the present officers in conserving that cushion of protection against insolvency and obliteration in these trying times. many specifications. Prof. liabilities. it is because the realization of dreams is accomplished and because the realm of dreams has been wrung dry.

upon the factors influencing durability of concrete structures have from time to time been reported to the Institute. and their relation to the chemical and physical changes transpiring. Talbot and Richart have contributed valuable information on the physics of wet mortar. we see the many varied and intriguing avenues of development that present themselves both for the immediate and the long-time programs of action. For example. the work of this Institute is not at all done. In the realm of mass concrete. Valuable investigations by McMillan. we must determine more accurately the aggravating or mollifying effect of plastic flow. Abroad there are many developments in bridge design and construction that “The achievement of today was the goal of yesterday. It can never overtake its goal. especially at a cracked section. we have a great deal to learn. Not only must there be much improvement in the understanding of the mechanics of large concrete units. pp. It is interesting to speculate on the effect upon concrete design and construction methods such a development would produce in the ordinary concrete field. And this with portland cement. Extracting the water from the wet mass has been known to be beneficial—in fact. will have moved to new levels. Thus. new objectives appear. of necessity. Who may say. stronger mixtures are producible and placeable where in late years they would not have been considered feasible. in arch bridge design there are at present proponents of both the articulated deck and the monolithic deck. Even now harsher. The work of Davis. and others on plastic flow will give new color to the mechanics of reinforced concrete design. No. Concrete international march 2012 9 . Many developments in structural form are to be seen in Europe. Great as have been the achievements in the field of concrete today. The manner in which shrinkage stresses relate to our accepted design procedure has not been fully determined. 30. much remains to be developed in the mechanics of reinforced concrete members. This work will. Each year sees new accomplishments and with them. will yield many useful data. This field of enquiry is a fertile one and will likely yield further developments. 247-250. It cannot be static. they are only the dreams of yesterday come true. And to cap these effects. A review of the beam theory. To the ingenuity of the adaptation of structural form in concrete there is no end. It cannot be the goal for tomorrow. Lindau. Mar. These may in many cases prove of use on this side of the Atlantic. and after considerable plastic flow. the Institute is but the embodiment of a moving force of progress. for example. except by implication of questions relating to aggregates to curing methods and the interesting likelihood is that no sooner will we have caught up with one branch of our varied subject than the basic substance. A study of bond strength and of anchorages will lead to a better design procedure. In review then. We have not touched yet upon the products field. This is especially true of the interaction of members of an assembly. and others. Viens. concrete. Young. or its parent. Proceedings V. but we have not as yet brought about the practice in general construction. Surely then. 1934. Earley has used this principle for many years. As new methods of experimentation become available. We have by no means exhausted the possibilities in the development of mixing and placing equipment. McMillan. 3.them over in 18 hours after filling the mold. not with excessively rich mixtures but with much of the excess water removed after placing but before the setting of the cement. Originally published in the ACI JOURNAL. but we must know more of the thermal and shrinkage stresses.” have not as yet been used here. Little mention has been made. notably the thin flexible arch with rigid deck frame and arches with hinges. go on for many years to come before we may be fully satisfied that the subject has been adequately covered. A great deal of work is necessary for a better understanding of the mechanical behavior of many forms of commonly used members. whether it is possible to achieve mobility or workability with an agent other than water thus using only enough water for the hydration of the cement. cement.

2012 aCi Educational Seminars
seminars at-a-glance
For more information on ACI seminars, visit

aCi/PCa 318-11 Building Code
One-day seminar for structural engineers, specifiers, building officials, contractors, architects, and inspectors interested in keeping up with the latest information in concrete design and construction. The American Concrete Institute (ACI) has just published the latest edition of ACI 318, “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary.” This seminar, which is cosponsored by ACI and the Portland Cement Association (PCA), will cover all the major changes in this new edition of the Code. A major portion of the revisions are related to the addition of adhesive anchors in ACI 318 for the first time. In addition to the new anchor design requirements, the seminar will cover adhesive anchor evaluation requirements and new provisions requiring certification of the anchor installer under certain circumstances. Changes to reinforcing steel detailing requirements, allowable grades, and coating types will also be covered.
Important topics, such as detailing for structural integrity and designing using the latest in strut-and-tie modeling, will be presented and discussed.

publications include: ACI 301, ACI 302.1R, ACI 303R, ACI 303.1, ACI 308R, ACI 309.2R, and seminar lecture notes.

Concrete repair Basics
One-day seminar for engineers, repair contractors, material suppliers, maintenance personnel, and public works engineers. Attendees will learn the best methods and materials for economical and effective concrete repairs. The seminar will cover causes and evaluation of problems in deteriorating concrete, repair techniques, repair materials, cracks and joints, protection systems, overlays, and specifications for structures. Complimentary publications include ACI 201.1R, ACI 224.1R, ACI 364.1R, ACI 437R, ACI 546R, and seminar lecture notes.

Concrete Slabs-on-ground
One-day seminar for designers, specifiers, architects, engineers, contractors, building owners, and government agencies. Participants will learn about setting expectations for serviceability; sustainability; engineering considerations, loads, soil support systems, and low-shrinkage concrete mixtures with good finishability; minimizing problems with curling, shrinkage, joints, and surface tolerances; placing and finishing equipment; thickness design; designing for shrinkage, joints, details, and reinforcing; curing; surface treatments including polishing; requirements for plans and specifications; preconstruction meetings; and problem recognition and remediation. Complimentary publications include: ACI 302.1R-04, ACI 302.2R-06, ACI 360R-10, industry-related articles, and seminar lecture notes.

troubleshooting Concrete Construction
One-day seminar for contractors, design engineers, specifiers, government agencies, and material suppliers. This seminar will provide attendees with solutions to problems with concrete. The seminar will cover placing reinforcement, preventing most cracks, making functional construction joints, vibrating concrete properly, detecting delaminations, and identifying causes of deteriorating concrete. Complimentary
Continuing EduCation CrEdit

Seminar attendees will receive 0.75 Continuing Education Units (CEUs) worth 7.5 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) for each day of the seminar. Professional engineers can convert CEUs to PDHs to fulfill their continuing education requirements. ACI is a Registered Provider with the American Institute of Architects and several state licensing boards.

seminar dates and locations
Please check seminar location and date troubleshooting Concrete Construction
        TXS WAS TNS MAS INS GAS MDS ORS Dallas, TX—March 22, 2012 Seattle, WA—April 11, 2012 Nashville, TN—April 18, 2012 Boston, MA—May 2, 2012 Indianapolis, IN—May 16, 2012 Atlanta, GA—May 23, 2012 Baltimore, MD—June 6, 2012 Portland, OR—June 13, 2012 (SLA2) Chicago, IL—April 17, 2012 San Francisco, CA—April 24, 2012 Denver, CO—May 8, 2012 Charlotte, NC—May 15, 2012 Milwaukee, WI—June 5, 2012 (TRO2)

For additional dates and locations or more information on ACI seminars, visit Dates are subject to change.

Concrete repair Basics
 

(REP2) NJS New Brunswick, NJ—April 5, 2012 PAS Philadelphia, PA—June 14, 2012 (3182)

aCi/PCa 318-11 Building Code
          NES PAS LAS OHS FLS UTS KSS CAS TXS NYS Omaha, NE—April 4, 2012 Pittsburgh, PA—April 10, 2012 New Orleans, LA—April 12, 2012 Cleveland, OH—April 25, 2012 Ft. Myers, FL—May 1, 2012 Salt Lake City, UT—May 9, 2012 Kansas City, KS—May 23, 2012 San Diego, CA—May 31, 2012 San Antonio, TX—June 12, 2012 Albany, NY—June 14, 2012

Concrete Slabs-on-ground

refund policy 
Substitutions are accepted at any time. If your substitute qualifies at a different registration fee, a credit or surcharge may apply. If you cannot attend the seminar, please notify the ACI Seminar Registrar at 248-848-3815 immediately. If you notify us 7 or more working days before the seminar, we will refund your registration fee. If you notify us that you cannot attend within 3 to 6 working days before the seminar, we will issue you an ACI credit for the full amount of your registration fee that you may redeem for any future ACI seminar, product, or service. If you notify us that you cannot attend less than 3 working days before the seminar date, we will issue you an ACI credit minus a $75 administrative fee. Confirmed participants who do not attend are liable for the entire fee unless we are notified in advance of the seminar date that you cannot attend. If ACI cancels a seminar due to insufficient enrollment, your registration fee will be refunded. ACI is not responsible for any incidental or consequential damages such as nonrefundable airfare.

fees and sign-up

One-day seminar $597 $457 $125

Nonmember Registration Fee ACI National Member Registration Fee Full-Time Student

Registrations from nonmembers (except government agencies within the U.S.) must be accompanied by full payment or charged to VISA, MasterCard, or American Express. To qualify for the discounted ACI National Members Seminar Fee, please provide your ACI Member number next to your name. Discounted student seminar fee is only for full-time students. Include current proof of enrollment with your registration. Name Title Company Address 2 Address 1 City, State, Zip ACI Member No.:

Registration Fee:


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Urban Engineers has promoted three employees to Vice President positions. Scott J. Diehl joined Urban in 2007 and brings more than 18 years of experience to the position, mainly in transportation engineering. In his new position, he will continue his past work as the firm’s Chief Traffic Engineer. He received his bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from the University of Delaware and his master’s degree from the University of Virginia. James A. Bilella has been with Urban since 1994 and specializes in mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and fire protection services. He received his bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from Drexel University. David A. Steele continues as the firm’s Director of Structural Engineering and has worked on expanding Urban’s structural-related services and capabilities since joining in 2006. His specialties include new and existing construction, value engineering, and historic and adaptive reuse. Steele has won awards for his projects. He received his bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from the University of Delaware. Andrew Redfern has been appointed to the position of Capital Equipment Manager at Atlas Copco Mining Technique. Redfern has served as Project Manager for Atlas Copco’s Surface Drilling Equipment (SDE) division since 2007, and joined the company as Manager of their rental fleet in 2005. In his new position, he will be responsible for managing SDE rentals and for expanding other rental lines within the company. He received his bachelor’s degree in geology from the University of Newcastle, Australia. ARXX Building Products has added to its sales team. Michael Rosenblat is now Vice President Sales and Business Development for Canada, and has more than 15 years of experience in sales, marketing, and business development in the building industry. His experience includes 12 years with Voidform International Ltd. Ted Hartner is now Vice President Sales and Business Development for the U. S., and has experience and knowledge in construction and building materials for the commercial, residential, and military sectors. He joins ARXX from Worthington Construction Group, where he was Vice President of Business Development. Edward Fyfe, Founder of Fyfe Company, LLC and Fibrwrap Construction, received the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur Of The Year® 2011 San Diego Award in the Engineering category. The award recognizes entrepreneurs who demonstrate excellence and success in areas such as innovation, financial 12
march 2012 Concrete international redfern Naaman breña

performance, and personal commitment to their businesses and communities. Fyfe Group is a leader in the manufacturing and installation of advanced composites used for civil and structural applications, and has produced the Tyfo® Fibrwrap® Carbon Fiber System for over 23 years. Ed Fyfe was honored in recognition of his 40 years of success while continuing to develop new innovations and products. ACI Fellows Antoine E. Naaman and Sergio F. Breña were honored as PCI’s Distinguished and Young Educators, respectively, for 2011. The Distinguished Educator award honors those who have made significant contributions to the precast/prestressed concrete industry over the course of their teaching careers. Naaman, Professor Emeritus at the University of Michigan, joined PCI as a student member in 1970. He taught at the University of Illinois-Chicago before joining the faculty at Michigan in 1983. At both universities, he developed and taught courses on prestressed concrete at undergraduate and graduate levels. His research has led to more than 300 technical publications, of which nearly 80 discuss prestressed concrete. He is an active member of PCI’s Technical Activities Council, as well as other committees, and was given the award for his dedication to PCI and to quality teaching and research. The Young Educator award is given to those who have made significant contributions to the industry early in their academic careers. Breña, Associate Professor at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, received his PhD from the University of Texas at Austin in 2000. He actively participates in the annual PCI Big Beam Contest and teaches Basic Prestressed Courses at the Unistress Corp. plant in Pittsfield, MA. He was also involved in the development of PCI’s Prestressed in a Box kit for educators and is a member of the PCI Student Education Committee. He has authored many papers presented at PCI conferences and other events throughout the U.S. and was unanimously chosen to receive this award.

Honors and Awards

Taiwan Concrete international march 2012 13 . China. Although Vietnam normally requires that structures are designed per the Russian code. Snell. Ltd.News International ACI Certification and Education Luke M. Taiwan. Ackers Distinguished Professor of Civil. and John K. All-day classroom/hands-on training was conducted October 30. ACI Past President David Darwin. Lawrence. conduct their first ACI Concrete Strength Testing Technician certification exam session. Environmental. to conduct the first ACI Field Testing Technician-Grade I certification program for the ACI local sponsoring group Jiangsu Research Institute of Building Science. followed by the written/performance exam the next day. December 12-16. The participants will serve as volunteer Instructors. Vietnam. Informal graduation ceremonies were held at both locations and the participants were honored to be the first in their countries to be certified by ACI. Phoenix. facilities may be designed in accordance with other building codes when international At the conclusion of the first AcI Field Testing Technician-Grade I certification program conducted in Nanjing. ACI Manager of Certification Operations and Chapters. the Deane E. All 29 participants are now certified. and Architectural Engineering at the University of Kansas. Snell and Conn also traveled to Taipei. presented a training course on the ACI Building Code (ACI 318M-11) on behalf of ACI and the Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology (IBST) in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. an ACI local sponsoring group. All 21 participants passed and are now certified. 2011. to help the Taiwan Concrete Institute. Conn. and Supplemental Examiners for future exam sessions. KS.. china A “train-the-trainer” classroom session in Taipei. 2011. This “train-the-trainer” exam session was sponsored by the ACI China Chapter and Jiangsu Bote New Materials Co. Both sessions were conducted by ACI Certification under an international support program approved in 2008 to help new international groups get up and running. Western Technologies. Examiners. AZ. Snell acted as the Instructor/Examiner and Conn was the Supplemental Examiner. recently traveled to Nanjing. Senior Construction Materials Engineer. followed by the written/ performance exam on November 6. The classroom/hands-on training session was conducted on November 5. 2011.

at the ACI Spring Convention in march 2012 Concrete international NCCER—the National Center for Construction Education and Research— has added Malena Cunningham to its team of expert instructors this year at the NCCER 2012 Women’s Leadership Academy.m. The course was attended by about 280 engineers. ACI Committee 132. an all-encompassing ranch featuring integral-colored stamped concrete (Saddleback Development Corp. ACI and IBST have developed a close working relationship and expect to further strengthen the connection between the two organizations with an official memorandum of understanding. polymer-modified cementitious repair mortar. and make recommendations regarding the responsibilities of and the interactions among the principal parties involved with concrete design and construction. This academy includes instruction from Denise Norberg-Johnson. Lake Forest. slender columns. TX.News Science and Management at Clemson University. shear. IbST Deputy General Director. Powerful language for women. on March 24-27. Past President of the National Association of Women in Construction. and a pump and fountain head. Responsibility in Concrete Construction. IbST Deputy General Director. and high-strength concrete. to be held at Clemson University.” six honorable mentions. Visit www. Owner of Tansey and Associates. Senchuk was one of the presenters at the Artistry in Decorative Concrete demonstrations at this year’s World of Concrete. Associate Dean and Professor for the Department of Construction CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION magazine selected Earl Senchuk’s project for the Central Park of Stephenson. 14 . 2012. (1370 mm) across and features a high-intensity LED light ring. analysis and design for flexure. David Darwin (center) meets with the leaders of IbST in hanoi. The pieces were then numbered and fitted into a specially designed denture-like holder. underwater lights.concreteconstruction. March 18. and one Readers’ Choice.. Tom Tansey. Contractor). gender-based power in business. Roger Liska. The project was a concrete sculpture of a rose floating in a pond. CA. organizations have facilities constructed there. President and CEO of The Judgment IndexTM. develop knowledge. is at Darwin’s left David Darwin (center) and Tran ba Viet. are on his right. Image enhancement is only one of many topics that will be presented at this year’s cao Duy Tien. Clemson. If you are interested in the work of this committee. you are encouraged to attend. The 2011 Project of the Year winners include one overall “Project of the Year. torsion. The unique piece measures 54 in. and axial load. Each of the 12 petals and three leaves were individually sculpted using a one-component. MI. fast-setting. Vietnam. Tran ba Viet. and negotiation tips will also be covered. The committee’s mission is to “foster for more information. with some of the attendees at the conclusion of the presentations in ho chi Minh city. NCCER is a not-for-profit education foundation created by the construction industry to develop standardized curriculum and to help address the skilled construction workforce shortage. Antelope. Vietnam Top Decorative Concrete Projects Honored Dallas. Detailed information about each project and photo slideshows are posted at www. NCCER Strengthens its Commitment to Women Responsibility in Concrete Construction ACI’s Technical Activities Committee has approved a new technical committee.nccer. OR. IbST Deputy General Director (right of Darwin).” The new technical committee will meet from 2 to 5 p. Cunningham is a 23-year broadcasting veteran with time at CNN as well as local ABC and NBC affiliate stations across the country. leadership styles and traits. The seminar was therefore needed to ensure that Vietnam’s civil engineers were familiar with ACI 318 requirements. SC. Topics included an overview of the 318 Code.. shrinkage-compensated. She now owns her own consulting firm. time management. IbST General Director. which was YoungLife’s Washington Family Ranch. where she assists women with image enhancement. and Bill Wilson. as its seventh annual Decorative Concrete Project of the Year in 2011. prestressed concrete design. conflict resolution. strength evaluation of existing structures. and Nguyen Dai Minh. walls. for additional details.” “Rendering/Animation Using MicroStation. and support the design models with architectural or engineering drawings using any of the applications in Bentley’s portfolio of software for sustaining infrastructure.S. visit www.” and “Solving a Problem with GIS Technology.” High school and technical school students can participate in the “Design a Public Transport Center” category.News Bentley Systems Student Design Competition For the 2012 Student Design Competition sponsored by Bentley Systems. Inc. For more information. The submissions deadline for the competition. engineers. or community college students can submit projects in one of five categories: “Architectural Design. University. Concrete international march 2012 15 . along with a short essay describing their” “Engineering. Bentley will award a $2000 scholarship to the winning individual or team in each of the categories at the college/university level. Visit www. and solution. The AEDG for 50% energy savings in K-12 schools and Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings are now available for codes. Submissions in each category must make clear the project’s 2012. Advanced Energy Design Guides Now Available The U. and a $1500 scholarship to the winning individual or team at the high school/technical school level. college.S. student teams are invited to submit projects designed using Bentley software. is March 6. and Bentley’s Be Careers Network. The latest guides will help architects. and contractors design and build highly efficient buildings. Department of Energy recently released the second and third installments in a series of four 50% Advanced Energy Design Guides (AEDG). The 50% AEDG series provides a practical approach to designing schools and other major commercial building types that achieve 50% energy savings compared to the commercial building energy code used in many parts of the U. which is sponsored by Bentley’s Be Careers Network.” “Road or Bridge Design.

which produce almost 9 million tons of portland cement annually. Ltd. Penetron International Ltd. Inc. Inc. and Stockertown. LLC Kleinfelder Lafarge North America Lehigh Cement Co. TN.K. Barrier-1 Inc. Commercial Contracting Corporation Concrete Engineering Specialists Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute CTLGroup Dayton Superior The Euclid Chemical Co. Wacker Neuson Westroc. Fibercon International.S. headwaters Resources. PA. and masonry cements. ACS Manufacturing Corporation Ash Grove Cement Company Ashford Formula Baker Concrete Construction. IL. Metromont Corporation Mintz Levin Municipal Testing Operating Engineers Training Trust Oztec Industries. MO. Meadow Burke W.buzziunicemusa. Buzzi Unicem USA offers specialty cements and grouts using Qwix® ultra-rapid hardening cement. Pryor. please visit their Web site at www. Inc. Inc. to distribute its various cements to over 3800 concrete producers. Greencastle. Inc.concrete. STRUCTURAL Structural Services. For pavement repairs requiring limited downtime. To provide additional exposure to ACI Sustaining Members. Grace & Co. and is the fourth largest cement company in the U. concrete block companies. In addition. Lithko Contracting. The company produces portland cement. Concrete International includes a 1/3-page member profile and a listing of all Sustaining Member organizations. Inc. Selma. visit our Web site at www. R. are located in: Cape Girardeau. Keystone Structural Concrete. with approximately 1400 employees. Inc. Oglesby. Sika Corp. and concrete product firms in 29 states. Inc. Maryneal. PA. Chattanooga. ChRySO. Francis harvey & Sons Inc. Future Tech Consultants or call 610-882-5000. OK.R.htm . Triad Engineering. All Sustaining Members receive the 1/3-page profile section on a rotating basis. S. oil-well blended cements. highway and airport paving firms. Ghosh Associates. Buzzi Unicem USA is headquartered in Bethlehem.. MO. Meadows. Inc. PGESCo Portland Cement Association Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute Schmitt Technical Services. BASF Corporation BCS Buzzi Unicem USA Cantera Concrete Company CECO Concrete Construction Changzhou Jianlian Reinforcing Bar Conjunction Co. holcim (US) Inc. Inc.are the foundation of our success. Inc. The company’s eight cement plants. To learn more about Buzzi Unicem USA. TX. The company operates 29 terminals across the U. TWC Concrete Services Urban Concrete Contractors Ltd. IN. Buzzi Unicem USA operates 12 concrete plants in Tennessee and Missouri. To learn more about our sustaining members.

social. All Westroc concrete batching facilities are certified in conformance with National Ready Mixed Concrete Association requirements and DOT standards.S. For more information about Westroc. Westroc is recognized for its innovation and ability to meet its customers’ needs faster and with more flexibility than its competitors. Penetron’s unique crystalline technology combats concrete’s inherent weaknesses. Our memberships in the U. On-site concrete batching facilities are also available. Penetron has remained at the forefront of product innovation by listening to customer feedback. employer. For more information on Lafarge in North America. Green Building Council and Canada Green Building Council demonstrates the company’s interest in partnering with “leaders from across the industry working to promote buildings that are environmentally responsible. gypsum wallboard. and environmental consideration in our daily business decisions. Among recent developments are portion-controlled Penetron Admix clear soluble bags and Penetron Admix Tracer.” Our products play a decisive role in sustainable architecture and construction. earning the designation of LEED Accredited Professional. and respect. monitoring industry trends.westrocinc. Serving the Wasatch Front and Central Utah with superior customer service provided by dedicated employees and state of the art equipment. UT includes a liquid color system from Solomon Colors to fulfill your custom colored concrete needs. Lafarge is exploring ways to contribute to sustainable building. visit www. We believe this approach will help us achieve our objectives to be the preferred supplier. With a large fleet of front discharge mixers. For more information about Penetron. and ease of use. time savings. .lafarge-na. loyalty. Lafarge believes that sustainability can be a competitive advantage. please visit www. Lafarge’s employees are also entering the LEED Professional Accreditation Program. Custom crushing and classification of select aggregate products and custom delivery of aggregates are also available. as evidenced by the construction of its maintenance shop facility built to LEED standards.Lafarge is the largest diversified supplier of construction materials in the United States and or call (631) 941-9700. They are contributing a sustainable component to a growing number of LEED® projects across North America. This long-term perspective includes the need for economic. ready mixed concrete. profitable and healthy places to live and work.penetron. Westroc produces a wide variety of specially designed concrete mixtures for all types of concrete or call 801-785-5600. visit www. product authenticity. These products were developed to meet specific concerns of concrete producers and designers alike. Our sustainable concrete portfolio includes our EnviroCrete™ family of environmentally friendly mixes as well as pervious concrete. We produce and sell cement. and related products and services. its relationships with customers are rooted in the traditional values of trustworthiness. Penetron International is the leading manufacturer of innovative crystalline waterproofing products with an established presence on every continent. such as quality control. Westroc Inc. While Penetron pushes the boundaries of product and technology innovations. is a ready mixed concrete and aggregate producer based in Pleasant Grove. Penetron International will continue to exemplify dependability and excellence in the field by offering the best combination of superior product performance and exceptional client support on every level. Westroc’s newest batch plant in American Fork. UT. Penetron has been building its reputation on the company’s core technology of crystalline concrete waterproofing for more than 30 years. asphalt. and corrosive environments. and staying abreast of market changes and demands. to better serve the environmental needs of the design and building community. community Westroc continuously strives to reduce its impact on the environment. ready mixed concrete and quality aggregate products since 1987. chemical. aggregates. Westroc is one of Utah’s leading suppliers of high-performance. making it waterproof and resistant to aggressive climatic. and investment.

Dorfmueller presented them with a welcome-back gift of a “Taste of Cincinnati” at a few popular local restaurants. He reminded the audience that Cincinnati was the home town of ACI President Kenneth C. Adam Neville was awarded the ACI Foundation Concrete Research Council Robert E. An ACI Honorary Member. The volunteers of the ACI Greater Miami Valley Chapter worked hard to organize this event in the “Queen City. The convention program featured the Student Pervious Cylinder Competition. Philleo Award for his “life-long contributions through education. writings. OH. England. Highlights of the ACI Fall 2011 Convention included: Dan Dorfmueller. and Canada and was President of the University of Dundee. He march 2012 Concrete international Honors at the Opening Session Dan Dorfmueller. and that infrastructure inspired the theme of “Bridging Theory & Practice” for the ACI fall convention held on October 18-20. including 207 students. Kreger received his BS. chair of the AcI Greater Miami Valley chapter convention committee. and PhD from the University of Illinois and is a licensed professional engineer in Texas. On behalf of the chapter.” Neville. Boase Award for “significant research achievements in earthquake-resistant concrete building systems and precast prestressed concrete bridge components. Deb. Scotland. Hover and his wife. Chair of the ACI Greater Miami Valley Chapter Convention Committee. MS. welcomed the convention attendees. West Lafayette. has worked in universities in New Zealand.BRIDGING & highlights of the acI Fall 2011 convention in cincinnati M any bridges span the Ohio River at Cincinnati. and Arezki Tagnit-Hamou. Adam Neville. 18 . a symposium in honor of Andy Scanlon. and consulting to the advancement of concrete technology. He retired in 1987 and has continued to be active as an expert witness and researcher. ACI Vice President James K.” Kreger is a Professor in the School of Civil Engineering at Purdue University. welcomed the attendees is an ACI Fellow and is active on several ACI committees. Kreger. Michael E. where he joined the faculty in 2004 after serving on the faculty at the University of Texas at Austin for 20 years. Kreger received the ACI Foundation Concrete Research Council Arthur J. a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. while ACI President Hover handed out ACI Foundation awards to Michael E. Wight stepped to the podium to introduce the evening’s award recipients. 2011. Neville has been an ACI member for more than 50 years. and for continued contributions to ACI technical committees. IN. Nigeria. and a Concrete Mixer at the Cincinnati Museum Center at Union Terminal.” which drew 1393 attendees.

Philleo Award AcI Past President Terry holland was selected as the AcI commemorative Lecturer in the Series honoring Katharine and bryant Mather Arezki Tagnit-Hamou was awarded the ACI Foundation Strategic Development Council Jean-Claude Roumain Innovation in Concrete Award. Holland related some of his own experiences working with new technologies and emphasized that transferring technology from the lab to the field requires a focus on reliable and repeatable results—in the exact manner that the Mathers approached their research. He was recognized for “research and development of more sustainable materials such as quaternary cement and alternative cementitious materials including glass frit. Concrete international march 2012 19 . Army Corps of Engineers at the Waterways Experiment Station in Vicksburg. glass powder. Tagnit-Hamou is an ACI Fellow and is active on several ACI committees. ACI Past President Terry Holland is the first awardee in the ACI Commemorative Lecture Series honoring Katharine and Bryant Mather. He is also Head of the Alternative Cementitious Materials Laboratory and the Director of both the Industrial Research Chair on the Valorization of Glass in Materials and Graduate Studies. QC. and fly ash from biomass. His experience as a young engineer working with them in the U. made a lasting impression and greatly influenced his career. Kreger with the AcI Foundation concrete research council Arthur J.” Tagnit-Hamou is a Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the Universite de Sherbrooke. together with recovery of industrial by-products to further concrete’s sustainable features. boase Award Arezki Tagnit-hamou (right) received the AcI Foundation Strategic Development council Jean-claude roumain Innovation in concrete Award AcI honorary Member Adam Neville (right) was awarded the AcI Foundation concrete research council robert E. Canada. hover (left) presented Michael E.AcI President Kenneth c. where he has been since 1990. Sherbrooke.S. MS. Holland’s talk was titled “Is it Really that Difficult to Get New Technology into the Concrete Industry?” He began by summarizing the contributions that Bryant and Katharine Mather made to the industry.

Duluth. Topics and presenters included: “ISO/TC 71/SC 8 Standard Development. IL. and third-place teams in each category receive cash awards of $300. Eshan Dave. North Carolina State Team Red: Heath Kent. and Education. Mark cukrov. “ACI 130: An Update on the Activities of the Sustainability of Concrete Committee. and Brian Lane. Advisor. and Seth Eggert. and Greg Hickey. Teams strive to develop a mixture design that provides the highest load-to-cost ratio. Japan. march 2012 Concrete international ACI President Kenneth C. respectively. Ringo Scholarships: Jeff Blakeley. Environmental Management for Concrete and Concrete Structures. Second Place. the ACI Greater Miami Valley Chapter also recognized the winners of the chapter’s 2011 Boyd C.” Hover challenged the students to “lift your ideas to the next level” and reminded that “ideas require thinking. The first-.S. is sponsored by ISO TC 71/SC 8. Engineering & Architectural Specialist. and Leonardo Sanchez Deheza. Medina. Texas State University: Chase David. Madrid. The University of Tokyo. hover (left) thanked Dan Dorfmueller (right) and all the volunteers of the AcI Greater Miami Valley chapter convention committee for their efforts in organizing the fall convention Student Competition and Student Lunch • • • • • • The ACI Student Pervious Concrete Cylinder Competition is also sponsored by the Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems and the U. Kyle Dunning. “Incorporating LCA into Codes and Standards. second-. Mexico City: Alfredo Landaverde Garcia. he said. Metropolitan University—Campus Azcapotzalco. Teams apply sustainability concepts and their knowledge of concrete mixture design to produce pervious concrete samples that balance permeability and splitting tensile strength. Cincinnati State. CTLGroup. and Third Place. Advisor. Philip Koktan. Hover’s talk was titled “Things I Learned While Enjoying a Career in Concrete Design. Michael Lopez. Takamatsu. Hover. Professor. he urged the students to “live life ethically. Travis Wetteroff. University of Minnesota Duluth. held on October 15. Brian Beaver. The winning teams were announced at the Student Lunch. and Julie Buffenbarger. Mike Wells. colby hietbrink. the finalists included: First Place. Kyle Berg. Japan. Christian Gaedicke. 20 .” Emily Lorenz. and Benjamin Thiesse. Lesley Sneed. Second Place. and Samuel Keske On behalf of the Institute. were the forum moderators. A report that documents the team’s cylinder production process and preliminary results is also scored. “ISO/TC 59/SC 17 Standard Development. Advisor. Christopher Ferraro. The top finishers in the Cylinder Performance Category were: First Place. from left: Kyrstyn haapala. Advisor. FCC Construction.” Takafumi Noguchi. Ethan Shackelford. $1000. Kagawa University.” Engineering practice. Ivan Pascual Devesa. $2000. Daniel Abramson. Francisco Gonzalez Diaz. great ideas not acted on become ‘could haves.” At the Student Lunch. congratulated the winners and thanked all the students for their participation. Advisor. and $100. $200. OH.” Antonio Burgueño. Daniel Calhoun. Lafarge. AcI President Kenneth c. but the key to success is following through. Dillon Corr. In the Load-to-Cost Ratio Category. and ACI Committee 130. Third Place. Thirty-three teams from 25 universities competed at the fall 2011 convention.Some recent recipients of AcI Student Fellowships were introduced at the Opening Session. Special Events • • • • ACI Concrete Sustainability Forum IV This forum. Tokyo. Skokie. Construction.” Andrea Schokker. Missouri University of Science and Technology Team 1: Patrick Graves.’” In conclusion. Sustainability of Concrete. Green Building Council. and Baxter Mclean. Roberto Nunez. MN. $1500. before the start of the convention. Advisor. University of Minnesota-Duluth Team 2: Andrew Venaas. 2011. the featured speaker at the Student Lunch. Spain. Koji Sakai. Cincinnati State. University of Florida Team 2: Ashlie Kerr and Ryan Catarelli. Hannah Marlow. is about “dealing in ideas all the time. Northern Kentucky University.

. Inc. Guest Program: Bud Ruffing. Vector Corrosion Technologies. Inc.. Inc. Cornell University. Lehigh Cement Co. LLC.. Debbie Dorfmueller. Inc. Silica Fume Association. ACI Past President. Congratulations were offered by ACI President Kenneth C. Takamatsu. Inc. which evolved in response to the major earthquakes that have affected the region.” Phillip Williams. CMA Supply Fundraising: Mike Schneider. Inc.. San Francisco. Get the Point. Tekla.. Hilltop Basic Resources • • • • “Institute for Sustainable Infrastructure’s Envision Infrastructure Sustainability Rating Tool. Inc.. Inc. Insulation Solutions. Inc. Tourney Consulting Group. Sensors & Software Inc. “An Aggressive Balance between Structure. Inc.ACI Fall 2011 Convention Exhibitors Airplaco Equipment.. ” KCI Technologies. RMD Kwikform. HGC Construction Exhibits: Tom Dorsey. and during a dinner attended by ACI and JCI officers and Past Presidents. Hover and ACI Vice President James K. Germann Instruments.” Koji Sakai. Obayashi Corporation. SIMCO Technologies. Professor. but the resulting tsunami inundation of 40 m (130 ft) was responsible for the great loss of life and property. GAMCO Concrete Forms. the Japan Concrete Institute (JCI) has been involved with the continual improvement of the seismic design codes in Japan.. Resource International.. Woolpert Social Events: Mike Hornback. site of the AcI Fall 2011 convention ACI Greater Miami Valley Chapter Convention Committee Chair: Dan Dorfmueller. Japan. Inc. particularly the 1995 Kobe earthquake. “Low-Carbon High-Flowable Concrete: Clean Crete.. Cemex. Hilltop Basic Resources. Baker Concrete Construction. Contractors’ Day: Mike Breetz. Tokyo Institute of Technology. moderated the Contractors’ Day Session on “Challenges and Other Endurances for the Concrete Contractor. Geophysical Survey Systems. A concrete mixer truck greeted attendees outside cincinnati’s Duke Energy center.p. ” Kenneth C. d. Contractors Materials Company. Tokyo. American Engineering Testing. Contractors’ Day Dan Baker. and Victory Bear Construction Products/Fukuvi. JCI’s 50th anniversary was commemorated at the Opening Session. Concrete international march 2012 • 21 . 2011. JCI member Toru Kawai. GerdauKnoxville ZBAR. Inc. Speeches and toasts commemorating the long-standing partnership between ACI and JCI were given by JCI President Yoshihiro Masuda. Sparks. where JCI members were asked to stand for a moment of recognition. and Carol Horst Secretary: Tom Kolber.” Topics and presenters included: “Concrete and the Concrete Crew Weather Considerations.. JCI Past President Shigeyoshi Nagataki. Baker Concrete Construction. Kawashima discussed the damage from the Great East Japan (Tohoku) Earthquake that struck on March 11. dorfmueller co. ITW Redhead. STRUCTURAL Group. Goettle. Japan. and Sustainability. THP Limited Inc. The Euclid Chemical Co. Hover. Webcor. Grace Construction Products. Proceq USA. Inc. CA. Roadware. Inc. Wight. Superior Gunite. SAS Stressteel. Burgess Pigment Company. More information on the ACI Concrete Sustainability Forum IV can be found starting on p.. LLC. Treasurer: Bud Ruffing.. and “Essence of Sustainability—Lessons from Japan Disaster. BASF Construction Chemicals. Baker Concrete Construction. CTL Engineering.. Inc. and JCI Past President Fuminori Tomosawa.” Nobufumi Takeda. Terry Neimeyer. 41.. PERI Formwork Systems. Kawashima reviewed the development of Japan’s own seismic code... Inc. Student Program: Jim Down. Economics. Meva. FORNEY LP. Technical Sessions: Gregory Wagner. Terracon Consultants. The extensive improvement of seismic design in the post-1990 codes enhanced the performance of engineered structures during the earthquake. Since its incorporation in 1961. inc. MD. Inc. International Lunch and JCI’s anniversary commemoration The impact of engineering lessons learned in the aftermath of major earthquakes in Japan was the subject of the talk at the International Lunch by Kazuhiko Kawashima. Kagawa University.

Amerisafe. inc. Janell. H&M Precision Concrete. art-deco-style great rotunda. ACI Intermountain Chapter. LLC. Forta. ACI Eastern Pennsylvania and Delaware Chapter. Inc. Kentucky Ready Mixed Concrete Association. Structural Technologies. ACI Louisiana Chapter. Inc.” Jorge Costa. U. Advance Ready Mix Concrete.500+): Dugan & Meyers. The Sunshine Skyway Bridge ($2. Gamco. Hilltop Companies. ACI Ontario Chapter. Messer Construction. The Brooklyn Bridge ($10. LLP. LLC. BASF Construction Chemicals. which was originally built in 1933..” Ronald Kozikowski. Army Special Operations. Holcim (US) Inc. Lend Lease.. Concrete Mixer Hosted by the ACI Greater Miami Valley Chapter. and “Corrosion of Steel in Concrete. Other opportunities for networking were available as many members walked through the three floors of history exhibits at the Cincinnati Museum Center. MillerValentine Group. ACI Minnesota Chapter. A Forward Area Rearm/Refuel Point (FARP) team and two F-16s arrived to help stem the attack. Baker Equipment and Materials. FACI. Inc. ACI Kansas Chapter. ACI New Mexico Chapter. Megen Encore Construction. and Ulmer Berne.. and Ruttura & Sons Construction Co. Prus Construction. ACI Northeast Ohio Chapter. Hilti Corporation. Lafarge.. ACI Central Ohio Chapter.000+): ACI Carolinas Chapter. ACI Mid-South Chapter. KB Engineering LLC. Grace Construction Products. ACI Houston Chapter. ACI Wisconsin Chapter. Attendees at the Contractors’ Day lunch heard a riveting talk given by David F. Jostin Construction. ACI British Columbia.” Cooper said. Fort Bragg. Essroc Italcementi Group. ACI Las Vegas Chapter. ACI Greater Michigan Chapter. The New River Gorge Bridge ($1. They were successful. “Freeze Thaw—A Closer Look. Inc. ACI New Jersey Chapter. Irving Materials. Stego Industries. Air march 2012 Concrete international Force Major Troy Gilbert was killed. ACI National Capital Chapter. d. Inc. J&B Steel. ACI Arkansas Chapter.p. Inc. ACI Southern Florida Chapter. Ohio Ready Mixed Concrete Association. Turner Construction Company. ACI Indiana Chapter. dorfmueller co. Urban Concrete Contractors Ltd.. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Foundation. ACI Georgia Chapter. Ceco.. HGC Construction...” Chief Warrant Officer 5 Cooper told a gripping story of a mission in Iraq involving the rescue of a downed helicopter crew in the face of heavy insurgent fire. ACI Arizona Chapter.S. Inc. Central Ready Mix. “Really Big Pours. ACI Central Texas Chapter. The Euclid Chemical Co. Attendees enjoyed dinner and conversation in the building’s restored. ACI Illinois Chapter. Ross Martin Consultants. Mark Cooper. and THP Limited. Lehigh Heidelberg Cement Group. ACI Maryland Chapter. ACI San Antonio Chapter. CRT Concrete Consulting. The George Washington Bridge ($5. Inc. ACI Missouri Chapter.C.. Cooper. ACI Northeast Texas Chapter.” Kim Basham. Concrete Engineering Specialists. Inc. “Beam Strength Testing—Reduce the Trauma!. Fly Ash Direct. He left the audience with this question: “Are you giving your best customer service to all—your colleagues.. Gateway Concrete Forming Services. ACI R. Buckeye Ready-Mix. an ACI New York Chapter. ACI Northern California and Western Nevada Chapter. RMD Kwikform. ACI San Diego International Chapter.” Ross Martin. ICC Evaluation Service..” James Fletcher. introduced his brother and “hero” for a presentation titled “Quitting is Never an Option. Steven Schaefer Associates.. Inc. • • • • • “Concrete and the Concrete Crack. Concrete Industry Board. The Roebling Bridge ($500+): ACI Alberta Chapter. ACI Kentucky Chapter. Ernst Concrete. Meva Formwork Systems. ACI Central Florida Chapter.Convention Sponsors The following organizations are acknowledged for their support of the ACI Fall 2011 Convention: The Golden Gate Bridge ($20. and yourself?” The ACI Greater Miami Valley Chapter has made a donation to support military families. ACI Quebec and Eastern Ontario Chapter. but U. Inc. the Concrete Mixer was held at Union Terminal. a Professor of civil engineering at Pennsylvania State University for the past 24 years. a member of the ACI Greater Miami Chapter. Contractors Materials Co. Hixson. The Army Aviation FARP teams are “focused on customer service—they are all about customer support. ACI Dakota Chapter. BowserMorner.. Reese/Northwest Ohio Chapter. your industry. and Woolpert. ACI Rocky Mountain Chapter. Gerdau – Knoxville ZBAR. Tru Wall Concrete... Scanlon Symposium Andy Scanlon.S. Spurlino Materials.000+): Anderson Concrete and Cemex. NC. ACI Southern California Chapter. Inc. Inc. Concrete Engineering Specialists.000+): ACI Greater Miami Valley Chapter and Baker Concrete Construction...000+): American Engineering and Testing. ACI Pittsburgh Area Chapter. Goettle. has 22 . ACI Florida Suncoast Chapter. ACI West Michigan Chapter. Inc.

Session moderators for the “Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Theory to Practice. Faris Malhas and Hani Nassif. Michael Bartlett. the ACI Northeast Texas Chapter is introducing the Art of Concrete Student Competition. Pericles Stivaros. Admasu Desalegne and Adam Lubell. Next: Art of Concrete in Dallas. Presentations were contributed by Serdar Astarlioglu. and 437.aciconvention. Eric Musselman. and Hani Nassif. Shawn for the updated convention schedule. Andrzej Nowak. TX. Strength Evaluation of Existing Concrete Structures. painting. An ACI Career Fair for Students & Young Professionals will be held March 19. Nakin Suksawang and Hani Nassif. The top 20 entries will be displayed during the convention. which students may present their original concrete artwork via sculpture. and Robert Vollum. and his involvement in ACI Committees 224. drawing. Jonathan Hirsch. he received the Delmar L. Deflection of Concrete Building Structures. Anna Rakoczy. and Ewa Szeliga. Carlos Ospina. Go to www. Andrea Schokker. In 2011. in Concrete international march 2012 23 . and Tai Fan. Gene Corley and Jared Brewe. in Dallas. Edward Nawy. Reza Kianoush and Reza Sadjadi. including his role as Chair of ACI Committee 435. at the Hyatt Regency Dallas. Ian Gilbert. Cracking. Jeffrey Laman. TX The ACI Spring 2012 Convention is taking place March 18-22. A tour of the new Cowboys Stadium is scheduled for March 21. and attendees will have the opportunity to vote on their favorite piece. Bloem Award for his outstanding leadership on ACI Committee 435. Eamonn Connolly. Allan Bommer. The convention will debut a new 2-hour session format that will increase the number of technical sessions and provide attendees with more flexibility in their convention schedules. Parts 1-4” included Peter Bischoff. Young Hak Lee and Min Sook Kim. Peter Bischoff. Mahmoud Rada Taha. A reception in honor of Andy Scanlon was also held. Shawn Gross. and Dan Linzell. 348. photography. Richard Scott and Andrew Beeby. Structural Reliability and Safety. Woo Seok Kim. Jung Joong Kim. David Darwin and JoAnn Browning. Norbert Delatte. Coinciding with the convention theme. Amin Ghali and Ramez Gayed. F. or scale model.served the concrete industry in many ways. and Flora Calabrese.

handed out raffle prizes during the competition Pervious concrete cylinders after testing 24 march 2012 Concrete international .ACI Fall 2011 Convention Highlights Student Competition and Student Lunch The AcI Student Pervious concrete cylinder competition Strength testing of pervious samples Testing permeability Jim Down (center). baker concrete construction.

chair of AcI committee S801. presented the chapter’s 2011 boyd c. and Jeff blakeley Concrete international march 2012 25 . won an iPod from bentley Systems. hover’s topic at the Student Lunch was “Things I Learned While Enjoying a career in concrete Design. presented the award AcI President Kenneth c. construction. Student Activities. Walter Flood. and Education” The University of Minnesota-Duluth Team 2 finished first in the Load-to-cost ratio category Diego Olguin (left). a student at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Dennis Knose. ringo Scholarships to brian Lane. President of the AcI Greater Miami Valley chapter. hannah Marlow.Student Competition and Student Lunch University of Florida students ryan catarelli (far left) and Ashlie Kerr won first place in the cylinder Performance category of the AcI Student Pervious concrete cylinder competition. presented by rita Oglesby From left.

At the International Partnerships and Publications committee meeting

Kazuhiko Kawashima discussed the damage caused by the Great East Japan (Tohoku) Earthquake during his presentation at the International Lunch

At the International Lunch (from left), ronald burg, AcI Executive Vice President; James K. Wight, AcI Vice President; Kenneth c. hover, AcI President; Kazuhiko Kawashima, Professor, Tokyo Institute of Technology; Anne Ellis, AcI Vice President; and h.S. Lew, National Institute of Standards and Technology

A toast of sake in honor of JcI’s 50th anniversary Kenneth c. hover, AcI President, presented a commemorative gift to Yoshihiro Masuda, Japan concrete Institute (JcI) President, to honor the 50th anniversary of JcI

(right) Attendees at the event commemorating AcI’s and JcI’s long-time partnership of cooperation


march 2012 Concrete international

Around the Convention

At the Women in AcI reception

From left, Josh and Mark cooper, with their uncle and brother David cooper, U.S. Army chief Warrant Officer 5, at the contractors’ Day Lunch

At the President’s reception

At the reception in honor of Andy Scanlon

Volunteers from the AcI Greater Miami Valley chapter

Enjoying the presentations at the reception in honor of Andy Scanlon (photo courtesy of Serdar Astarlioglu, University
of Florida)

Members of the AcI Northeast Texas chapter, previewing the AcI Spring 2012 convention in Dallas, TX
Concrete international march 2012


Concrete Mixer at the Union Terminal and Cincinnati Museum Center


march 2012 Concrete international

Concrete international march 2012 29 .

Discover the creative side of the world's oldest man-made building material in Dallas. Terracon Wiss.aciconvention. Sika Corporation State Trooper (cont. Robert Henry Karmy Construction Jay Shilstone Speed Fab-Crete Texas Best Concrete Victor Villarreal State Trooper ACI Eastern Pennsylvania and Delaware Chapter ACI Florida Suncoast Chapter ACI Georgia Chapter ACI Illinois Chapter ACI Intermountain Chapter ACI Las Vegas Chapter ACI Louisiana Chapter ACI Maryland Chapter ACI New Mexico Chapter ACI Ontario Chapter Sheriff Capform. Inc. The following sponsors make it possible: Texas Ranger ACI Northeast Texas Chapter Baker Concrete Deputy ACI Carolinas Chapter ACI Greater Miami Valley Chapter ACI Greater Michigan Chapter ACI South Texas Chapter Boral Material Technologies Cement Council of Texas Chryso CMJ Engineering. Janney. See an updated list of Sponsors and Exhibitors at . WR grace *Sponsors listed as of 1/31/12 www. Inc.) ACI Pittsburgh Chapter ACI Rocky Mountain Chapter ACI Southern California Chapter On the Job Concrete Red Baron Supply Co. Structural Services TACA Marshall Argos BASF Euclid Chemical Fritz-Pak Lafarge North America Lehigh Hanson Aggregates & Lehigh Hanson Pipe & Precast TXI Constable ACI San Diego International Chapter Command Alkon D&S Engineering Labs PLLC Doug Deno Henley-Johnston & Associates. Elstner Associates. Inc.

2012 Hyatt Regency Dallas. products. and services in the exhibit area! *Exhibitors listed as of 1/31/12 . Dallas TX See the latest technology.ACI Spring 2012 Convention Art of Concrete March 18-22.

Art and Science of building in concrete: The Work of Pier Luigi Nervi International exhibition and acI Spring 2012 convention sessions are dedicated to this grand master of concrete structures by Mario A. Chiorino Palazzo del Lavoro in Turin. and/or D. MAXXI archives. Chemise) 32 march 2012 Concrete international . Carrieri. Italy (photos courtesy of Istituto Sperimentale Modelli e Strutture (ISMES) archives. M.

an architect’s imagination. in 2010. His use of the most advanced technical solutions always went hand-in-hand not only with the pursuit of formal elegance but also with an equally strong attention to the technical and economic aspects of the building process. The program culminated in the international traveling exhibition.* the foundation devoted to the dessimination of Nervi’s cultural legacy. After visiting other venues in Denmark. Brussels. Cambridge. including designer. the Pier Luigi Nervi: Architecture as Challenge. On this occasion. Cinisello Balsamo. D A broad research-educational program on Nervi’s life and work started in 2009. He has been described as having an engineer’s audaciousness. His personality comprised many facets. the reprint by PLN of the Charles Eliot Norton Lectures given by Nervi at Harvard‡ in 1961 will be available.† the exhibition started its extremely successful tour in Brussels. builder. and La Cambre-Horta School of Architecture of the University of Brussels. Silvana Editoriale. the University of Rome. www. Belgium. Aesthetics and Technology in Buildings. MA. It also serves as a preview to presentations at the International Lunch and two technical sessions at the ACI Spring 2012 Convention in Dallas. under the auspices of the President of the Italian Republic and of other prominent institutions. He shared the cultures of architects and engineers.escribed by Nikolaus Pevsner as “the most brilliant artist in reinforced concrete of our time. TX. Chiorino. Italy. and creator of new construction techniques. ACI co-sponsored the exhibition in recognition of the ACI Honorary Membership awarded to Nervi in 1969 and in consideration of the significant number of his celebrated works in North America. The work was promoted by ” the Pier Luigi Nervi Project Association (PLN). In two technical sessions.. Nervi contributed to the creation of a glorious period for structural architecture. The exhibition was organized by PLN and the Centre International pour la Ville et l’Architecture (CIVA). The subsequent venues in Italy included the Venice Biennale.pierluiginervi. In 2009. The author will deliver the keynote lecture. He was also a Professor and Lecturer at prestigious universities around the world and author of books debating the conceptual and technological fundaments of construction. and it culminated in the international traveling exhibition. and Switzerland. The program has the scientific support of the Politecnico di Torino. ” Pier Luigi Nervi (1891-1979) (Fig. With his masterpieces scattered the world over. and a businessman’s practical realism. the European community. TX. ” bearing the same title as this article. and the Turin Exhibition Hall—a building designed by Nervi himself (as shown in Fig. “Pier Luigi Nervi— Architecture as Challenge. and the International Olympic Committee.. on the 30th anniversary of Nervi’s death. Olmo and C. 240 pp. The Charles Eliot Norton Lectures. On the eve of the North American tour. Accompanied by a catalog assembling the results of the research program. This article presents a brief synthesis of this comprehensive exploration of his life’s work. particularly because the general convention theme is “Art of Concrete. operating at the very intersection between the art and the science of building. 210 pp. a broad research and educational program was promoted with the intent of disseminating Nervi’s cultural legacy and exploring the complexity of his extraordinary stature as a structural artist. “Pier Luigi Nervi– Architecture as Challenge. 1965. eds. including the Vatican City. Italy. with particular regard to concrete construction. P. ‡ Nervi.” highlighting some of his most celebrated works of genius. it is appropriate to dedicate presentations to Pier Luigi Nervi during sessions on “Structural Concrete: An Art Form” at the ACI Spring 2012 Convention in Dallas. in March. 8). Germany. C. 1891-1979 Concrete international march 2012 33 . 2010. 1) was one of the greatest and most inventive designers and builders of the 20th century. additional speakers will review the work of other eminent pioneers and discuss recent trends in the merging of architecture and structural engineering. researcher. * † The International Exhibition: Pier Luigi Nervi—Architecture as Challenge Fig. in cooperation with the Italian National Museum of the Arts of the 21st Century in Rome (MAXXI) and the Study Center and Communication Archive (CSAC) of the University of Parma. 1: AcI honorary Member Pier Luigi Nervi.L. the exhibition is expected to visit venues in North America in 2013. Harvard University Press. at the convention’s International Lunch.

as he sought to exploit and maximize the outstanding compositional and structural freedoms offered by this technology. 2 (left and right): Nervi’s first great work: the stadium in Florence. Nervi set up his own design and construction business in 1920. 3: hangar at Orvieto. Nervi was to maintain this dual role of designer and builder throughout his life. Nervi’s design was chosen because of the low construction cost. yet dramatically simple in structure. 1930 Fig. Nervi relied on tests of Fig. 4: celluloid model of hangar at Orbetello tested at the Model and construction Testing Laboratory. the new field was associated with a conscious search for artistic results. 3) and Orbetello. technical. geodetic roof with intersecting arched ribs. Probably inspired by hangars and temporary exhibition halls constructed in steel and laminated wood (primarily in Germany). From that time on. the new technology of reinforced concrete was fast developing in the early years of the 20th century. characterized by the elegance and strong visual impact of the curved tapered corbels of the cantilevered roof and the spatial sculptural forms of the helicoidally warped stairs. the use of precast components would become a constant in Nervi’s work.1 It is against this background that Pier Luigi Nervi’s professional career began. The stadium in Florence (1930. The first group of hangars was built using traditional scaffolding and wooden forms for the concrete structure. in 1913. Those that followed were built using ribs consisting of precast elements that were connected on-site. Nervi designed a daring. Italy. 2) was Nervi’s first great work that attracted the attention of critics and the public—both in Italy and abroad. and Maillart. From 1935 through 1940. Thanks to the contribution of a few pioneers. and designers such as Wayss. 1935 Fig. From the very beginning. Besides the intrinsic Early Works beauty of the project. and architectural ideas. Fig. Politecnico di Milano.Early Influences Pier Luigi Nervi graduated with a degree in civil engineering at the University of Bologna. Italy 34 march 2012 Concrete international . After an initial period of training in the technical office of a construction company. Hennebique. during a fertile period for scientific. in addition to static calculations. builders. The hangars were also the first structures for which. a series of great hangars was built for the Italian air force at Orvieto (Fig.

5)—Nervi used ferrocement to make the precast elements for the hall’s magnificent. and also for the hulls of small ships (Fig. 6: Nervi reintroduced the use of ferrocement: (left) experimental warehouse in ferrocement. 5 (left and right): central hall (hall b) of Turin Exhibition complex. Italy. 4).3 After using it for an experimental warehouse at the site of his construction company at La Magliana. La Magliana. transparent. This technology had been originally adopted by Jean Louis Lambot in 1846. at the very dawn of reinforced concrete. He is thus credited as the reinventor of this technique. near Fig.Fig. The tests were performed by ACI Honorary Member Guido Oberti (1907-2004) at the Politecnico di Milano. The hull comprised a thin layer of concrete reinforced with a thick mesh of small-diameter wires. 1948 reduced-scale models. Ferrocement Reinvented In his first important post-war work—the astonishing central hall of the Turin Exhibition Complex built in 1948 (Fig. 1945.2 Rome. to produce a “ferciment” boat hull. 94 m (308 ft) span barrel vault. 6). rome. in the Model and Construction Testing Laboratory created by Arturo Danusso (1880-1968). and (right) Pier Luigi Nervi in front of one of his ferrocement boats Concrete international march 2012 35 . using celluloid elastic models on a 1:30 scale (Fig. Italy. Nervi would maintain this procedure for most of his later works. Italy. Italy. and it exhibited remarkable ductility and resistance to cracking. Nervi made extensive and innovative use of ferro cement in the majority of his most daring and fascinating projects. Turin.

and St. in . 7)—or they can be simple tile shapes. P.8 in. Italy. Nervi with Marcello Piacentini Fig. Turin. the ferrocement tiles and the mesh of concrete ribs adapt to the elegant hyperbolic paraboloid surfaces of the dome. Italy. 10). diamond-shaped tiles that were assembled and then served as formwork for cast-in-place concrete on their upper surfaces and within the contact channels formed at the tile edges. Later Works Nervi’s first important work outside Italy was the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris. and 1976). Fig. The result is a particularly elegant mesh of reinforced intersecting ribs (Fig. the Ballroom at the Chianciano Spa (1952). the small Sports Palace in Rome (1957. CA (1963-71. with Pietro Belluschi.L. the precast ferrocement elements are in the form of 20 mm (0. 9: The small Sports Palace in rome. 7: Sports Palace in rome. The design of the rib pattern on the ceiling is derived from the lines of the principal bending moments. Fig. the largest dome in the world with a diameter of 135 m (443 ft). the precast tiles are used to build a flat floor. Mary’s Cathedral in San Francisco. 1951). 1950.Fig. VA (1965-71. designed and built by Nervi in 1950. 8: hall c of Turin Exhibition complex. NH (1962. The geometric shapes can be undulating—as in the case of the vault of the Turin Exhibition Complex and in the great ribbed spherical cap dome. For the 55 x 157 m (180 x 515 ft) dome of Hall C of the Turin Exhibition Complex. The elegant pattern of the concrete ribs seems to be inspired by the geometrical network of a sunflower core Ferrocement can be used to mold elements of any geometric shape. P. Fig. Nervi with Antonio Vitellozzi. The shapes can then be connected by cast-in-place concrete. 9). In this last work. again resulting in a particularly refined formal effect that is found in a number of Nervi’s subsequent projects. Italy. 1958-60. 2011 Fig. with a diameter of almost 100 m (328 ft). France (1953-58.L.) thick. with Campbell and Aldrich. In the Gatti Wool Mill (Rome. the Leverone Field House and Thompson Arena at Dartmouth College in Hanover. 8). The same pattern characterizes the structural fabric of the vaults and domes of some of Nervi’s most famous later works: the Kursaal at Ostia (1950). Italy. the Norfolk Scope Arena in Norfolk. with 36 march 2012 Concrete international Antonio Vitellozzi. while hosting the International Nervi Exhibtion. of the large Sports Palace in Rome (1960. with Williams and Tazewell & Associates)—at the time. 1957.

Qc. Pier Luigi Nervi with Luigi Moretti Fig. 1955-58. Pier Luigi Nervi with Pietro belluschi. the tallest reinforced concrete building in the world at 145 m (475 ft). the hyperbolic paraboloid umbrella roofs for Newark International Airport. Australia Square and MLC Center Towers in Sydney (1964-72. Italy.I. Mc Sweeney.Fig. Milan.T. 1961-66. Montreal’s Victoria Square Tower. the B. with H. A series of other prestigious commissions followed. headquarters building in Geneva. canada. with Luigi Moretti. NJ (1971). robinson (structural engineer) cooperation with Marcel Breuer and Bernard Zehrfuss). Seidler). 11: Victoria Square Tower. 10 (left and right): St. Brazil (1979). the list includes: George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal in New York. Fig. 12: Pirelli Tower. cA. Fig. The signature feature of this building is the fascinating folded structure of the exposed concrete of the walls and roof. 11)—at the time. NY (1962). Switzerland (1972). Besides those mentioned previously. ryan & Leew and Leonard F. Mary’s cathedral. 1963-71. San Francisco. and the Italian Embassy in Brasilia. Montreal. Pier Luigi Nervi with Arturo Danusso and Gio Ponti Concrete international march 2012 37 . Canada (1961-66.

Fig. The scientific collaboration between Nervi and Oberti. the facilities for the 1960 Rome Olympics. 1959-61. Felix Candela. Franz Dischinger. with its geometrically fascinating columns featuring striped slanting surfaces covered by a steel umbrella-like structure (designed by Gino Covre). Experimentation Fig. Fig. at that time. 13). the leading Italian cement corporation. continued after 1950 within the new research laboratory of Istituto Sperimentale Modelli E Strutture (ISMES). Antoine Tedesko. Nervi and Oberti considered experimentation to be the best strategy to overcome the practical impossibility. including scale models and full-scale prototypes and constructions. to name a few.Fig. While the numerical modeling techniques that increasingly appeared in the late 1960s would have gradually 38 march 2012 Concrete international . of basing safety checks of complex constructions on adequately accurate and computationally feasible theoretical models. founded by Danusso in Bergamo with the support of Italcementi. continued to play a major role in Nervi’s work. besides the two mentioned Sports Palaces. rome. 13 (left and right): Palazzo del Lavoro in Turin. Italy. the Palazzo del Lavoro in Turin (1959-61) (Fig. with Antonio Nervi. the Flaminio Stadium. and Heinz Isler. Vatican city. Italy. The latter project recalls the themes of the Turin Exhibition Hall (from 20 years earlier) while enhancing them to create an imposing composition also characterized by the sculpturally highly effective shapes of the main supporting columns and of the ribbed ceilings of the proscenium. 1963-71. with Arturo Danusso and Gio Ponti. and the Corso Francia Viaduct. the Ponte Risorgimento in Verona (1963-68). 12). Pier Luigi Nervi with Antonio Nervi and Gino covre In Italy. including Eduardo Torroja. Heinz Hossdorf.4 This strategy was also followed—not coincidentally—by other leading exponents of structural architecture in the 20th century. including. and the Papal Audience Hall in the Vatican (1963-71. 14). initiated at the Laboratory of the Politecnico di Milano before the war. the most celebrated works of his later period include: the 135 m (443 ft) tall Pirelli Tower in Milan (1955-59. Pier Luigi Nervi with Antonio Nervi Experimentation. 14 (upper and lower): Papal Audience hall.

Other ISMES testing programs included models of the Victoria Tower in Montreal. Concrete international march 2012 39 . 1:15-scale model (Fig. it’s fair to say that experimentation using models became an extremely refined art form and an essential phase of the design path for Nervi and other eminent protagonists. cA: (above) elastic model (1:37) under dynamic test. and St. almost in the same way as in real construction. and (below) microconcrete model (1:15) shown following the ultimate limit state tests Fig.Fig. the designer to be able to combine technological expertise and imagination—perhaps justifying Oberti’s frequent citation of the adage attributed to Michelangelo by Vasari: “The most blessed monies that are spent by those who would build are on models. a small- scale (1:100) model was used for the wind tunnel tests. Mary’s Cathedral in San Francisco.” One of the most complex models produced and tested within the ISMES facilities was of the reinforced concrete frame of the Pirelli Tower in Milan. (modeled in 1955-56). Milan. 15: Microconcrete large-scale model (1:15) used for tests to failure for the Pirelli Tower. Canada. In the latter case. after a series of tests in the dynamic field to check the effects of wind. 15) was produced in microconcrete of pumice stone and portland cement and tested beyond service conditions up to failure. San Francisco. The nearly 10 m (33 ft) tall. Italy opened new frontiers. Italy. Mary’s cathedral. QC. Creating physical models was an art form that required. 16: St. two medium-scale (1:40 and 1:37) resin models were used for static and dynamic tests in the elastic field (with special attention to seismic tests due to the building’s location). CA.

talent and research. Torroja Miret. 1945. Ulrico Hoepli. Italy. The Charles Eliot Norton Lectures. engineering studio of Leonard Robinson. The true art of Nervi is the ability to close the gap between art and technology to create spaces that border on poetry without renouncing. Harvard University Press. pp. creep and Shrinkage in concrete. imagination and sensibility. he has published many papers and books on structure and architecture. P. “Concrete in Italy—A Review of a Century of Concrete Progress in Italy. Structural Engineer and Professor at Columbia University. Silvana Editoriale. Madrid. Selected for reader interest by the editors. Chiorino. 6. who declared in Razón y Ser de los Tipos Estructurales (Philosophy of Structures)6 that..and a large-scale (1:15) model constructed in microconcrete was used for tests to failure (Fig. No..L. and has been the designer of large reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. tall chimneys. 4. Nervi’s concrete towers in Sydney were tested in Australian laboratories and were the only two structures for which model testing was performed outside of ISMES. Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Ferrocement. MA. Philosophy of Structures Nervi’s most famous book was published in 1945. Pemberton.. remains.” Costruire Correttamente.L. including fib.. including buildings. Chiorino. M. and on the ethical value of building in a correct manner. C. “Experimentation in the Work of Pier Luigi Nervi. pp.. Italy. and IaSS. June 1998. bridges. eds.A. Cinisello Balsamo. References 1. the modus operandi of engineers. 16). He believed that structural imagination frequently transcends the possibilities of analytically rigorous verification (which was then confined by the lack of modern computerized structural analysis tools). goes beyond the realm of pure logic to cross the arcane frontiers of inspiration. 9. 162 pp. 210 pp. With his profound knowledge of construction techniques. yet it does so without underestimating the importance of the mechanics of structural systems: “The conception of a structural system is a creative action only partly based on scientific data.. 403 pp. Nervi essentially expresses his fear that forced requirements to use analytical models for reliability assessments of structures might limit a designer’s inventiveness. Aesthetics and Technology in Buildings.” Concrete International. University of Michigan. in the same way as aesthetic sensitivity. is Emeritus Professor of Structural mechanics with the Department of Structural Engineering. Rome. an essentially personal aptitude. 2. and Chiorino. Chiorino. 2004.” His vision was shared by Torroja. Nervi. (in Spanish) 7.” Pier Luigi Nervi: Architecture as Challenge. 75-83. structural mechanics and its history. Razón y Ser de los Tipos Estructurales. 2010. but rather emphasizing engineering procedures with original and innovative contributions. he is a member of the acI International committee and acI committee 209. static sensitivity entering in this process. although deriving from equilibrium and strength considerations.E. Naaman. and nuclear plants. “Le ricerche statiche sperimentali su modelli. F. Mary’s were accompanied by checks using numerical models based on early applications of elastic finite elements analysis. the result of a creative process. Ann Arbor. 61-83. 1955.L. 40 march 2012 Concrete international . P. 3. Sept.A. MI. Nervi. Part 1: Technique and Architecture. (in Italian) 5. “the birth of a structural complex. “Ferro Cement—An Insight and Review— So What is New?” Ferrocement 6: Lambot Symposium. IaBSE.. pp. This struggle for a design freedom was also the principal justification for his keen interest for experimental research on mechanicalscale models. concrete viscoelasticity. Olmo and C. the other great master of structural architecture of the 20th century. 55-61. he is a member of the academy of Sciences of Turin and several international organizations. Italy. pp. 1965. M.. FacI. E. Italy. 1961-62). Scienza o Arte del costruire? Edizioni della Bussola.. Milan. ed. School of architecture.7 They also characterized his exchanges of ideas and professional collaboration with those who shared his culture and mindset.S. the firm responsible for the final design. P. made by the U. as Mario Salvadori. Cambridge. These concepts were at the base of Nervi’s extensive and interesting writings focusing especially on the language of architecture and the relationship between structure and form. A. J. in the conversion of the inspiration into a design and of the design into a construction. Instituto Técnico de la Construcción y del Cemento. Spain. Nervi. It’s of interest to note that the elastic tests for St. such Mario A. Levi. Nervi’s answer to the question emphasizes the priority of the intuitive moment on the conception of structural architecture.” In this vision.M. These were also the typical themes of the university teaching he regularly carried out at Rome’s School of Architecture and of some of his important speeches and lectures at prestigious universities from Buenos Aires (1951) to Harvard (Norton Lectures. V.5 Its title—Scienza o Arte del costruire? (Is Building an Art or Science?)—is also a fundamental question. 105-114. 26.. Politecnico di Torino. 1957. the fusion of art and science.

there are few alternatives to concrete as a basic construction material. Cement is manufactured from limestone. ACI has focused its strategic plan on helping and leading the concrete industry in a sustainable direction through the formation of ACI Committee 130. first by defining the system boundary and then quantitatively evaluating inventory data. in 2011. LA.1 The Second Concrete Sustainability Forum was held in New Orleans. The first document in a series. Growing population and socioeconomic expansion will thus force society into continual and growing use of concrete. Environmental Management for Concrete and Concrete Structures. ” ISO 13315-2 will provide the fundamental rules for calculating the environmental impacts of a construction project. and water—all regionally found materials.3 Most recently. construction materials are purchased through local small and medium enterprises. OH. ISO 13315-7: End of Life Phase Including Recycling of Concrete Structures. cement. Sustainability of Concrete. ACI held the Concrete Sustainability Forum IV in Cincinnati. and second.2 The Concrete Sustainability Forum III took place in Pittsburgh. reduction in transportation expenditures that prohibit procurement of materials from long distances. even while significant increases in material consumption and CO2 emissions will hamper sustainable global development. an enormous volume of materials must be extracted to obtain its basic components. “ISO 13315-2: System Boundary and Inventory Data. in 2010. the technical committees developing ISO standards related to sustainability include Concrete international march 2012 ISO TC 59/SC 17 Standard Development 41 . clay. First. ISO 13315-5: Execution of Concrete Structures. However. However. and the Concrete Sustainability Forum. ISO 13315-4: Environmental Design of Concrete Structures. PA. which are also available in abundance. The series will also include: ISO 13315-3: Constituents and Concrete Production. employment of local labor providing economic stimulus to the region. including seawater. Contemporary society could not exist without concrete as a primary infrastructure material. explained the development of ISO Standard 13315: Environmental Management for Concrete and Concrete Structures. and gypsum. “ISO 13315-1: General Principles. As a result. MO.” will be published very soon. Buffenbarger T he construction industry has a high degree of regionality— structures are generally built by local people using indigenous materials. is the most common available global substance. Louis. Secretary of ISO TC 71/SC 8 (chaired by Koji Sakai) and Associate Professor of the University of Tokyo. These widely abundant raw materials have allowed concrete production to expand in response to growing construction demand. ISO TC 71/SC 8 is now developing the second document in the series. a known greenhouse gas. an increased resilient supply chain. in 2009. there are two issues concerning concrete and its necessity for the development of socioeconomic infrastructure. ISO 13315-6: Use of Concrete Structures. Presently. Concrete consists primarily of aggregate. making concrete the second most-consumed substance on Earth after water. socioeconomic and life-cycle costing initiatives include. in 2008 as a workshop. and ISO 13315-8: Labels and Declaration.concrete Sustainability Forum IV Essence of concrete sustainability by Koji Sakai and Julie K. Aggregate comprises approximately 70% of the total volume of concrete and is mined from the Earth’s crust. ISO TC 71/SC 8. in which eight topics were presented as follows: ISO TC 71/SC 8 Standard Development • • • • • • Takafumi Noguchi. the production of cement generates a large amount of carbon dioxide (CO2). The concept of sustainability surfaced at the end of the 20th century. Water. but are not limited to. The first Concrete Sustainability Forum was conducted in St. In addition to ISO TC 71/SC 8. and it has been shown that the industrialization of a nation is directly correlated to its consumption of concrete. and green purchasing policies.

1 on High-Performance Green Buildings. ACI Past President. Sustainable Concrete Guide—Strategies and Examples and Sustainable Concrete Guide—Applications. provide simple compliance options. The rating system recognizes efforts that replenish and restore natural resources and ecosystems. Education/Certification. seven subcommittees are working toward producing relevant and timely educational products covering the environmental. or social issues of concern. a natural outgrowth of sustainable rating systems is the development of criteria for infrastructure. The committee’s mission is to develop and report information on the sustainability of concrete. ozone depletion. and 130-G. environmental. Framework for the Development of Indicators for Civil Engineering Works. construction. the subcommittees are developing technical documents to be published in the near future. With a current membership of 134. KCI Technologies Inc. MD. acidification. ozone depletion. landscapes. acidification.” This standard will provide requirements and guidelines for the selection and development of sustainability indicators for civil engineering works. Since its organization in 2008. and economic pillars of sustainability: 130-A. Relative to the baseline. outlined the activity of ISO TC 59/SC 17. The goal for Standard 189. and complement green building rating systems. The framework of the rating system includes 10 primary criteria and 74 secondary criteria reflecting economic. CALGreen requires the analysis of two building designs. projects earn points toward their rating score. Standard 189. the International Green Construction Code (IGCC). the IGCC will require assessment of the impacts of a building on global warming. Sustainability of Concrete. ISI Rating Tools Incorporating LCA into Codes and Standards A key issue within sustainable codes and standards is the incorporation and adoption of life-cycle assessments (LCA).S. MN. At present. ASHRAE/USGBC/IES Standard 189. and environmental attributes of projects. This rating system establishes a holistic framework for evaluating and rating infrastructure projects against the needs and values of the community. 130-B. and Julie K. smog. The definition of each item and rules for calculation or measurement are provided in the standard. and CALGreen. It also requires that the alternative design must show at least 10% improvement in climate change potential and at least two other impact categories.ISO TC 207. operations. the convener of WG 5. CTLGroup.. Social Issues. As a next step. and stakeholders in the framing of infrastructure solutions. 130-D. smog. The primary criteria for the rating system will include project strategy and management. eutrophication. including use of energy resources. ACI Committee 130 Work • • • • • • • Andrea Schokker. Environmental Management. 130-C. University of Minnesota Duluth. or descriptive measures representative of one or more impact categories or classes of economic. who is current Chair. as resources. social. Referencing documents developed by the U. land use and restoration. the alternate building design must minimally show a 5% improvement in at least two impact categories. In addition to requiring assessment of primary energy use. Duluth. who assumed the position of Chair in 2009 through 2011. “Civil Engineering Works. and evaluates infrastructure throughout its full life. Kagawa University. Terry F. with ratings for design and planning. The indicators are quantitative. 130-E. Rating Systems/Sustainability Tools. and ISO TC 59/ SC 17. The achievement of points within the criteria is scaled in five levels to ensure all efforts to achieve sustainability are rewarded proportionally. It also has voluntary measures that can be adopted by a jurisdiction as mandatory. Working Group 5 (WG 5). Neimeyer. By meeting objectives within the criteria. Japan. Schokker. and decommissioning. a member of the board of the Institute for Sustainable Infrastructure (ISI). It also requires the analyses of two building designs.1 requires minimizing the use of all materials through efficient design. and eutrophication.and short-term effects). materials resources. ACI Committee 130 is the largest of ACI’s committees. and fossil fuel depletion. As with IGCC. Materials. qualitative. Skokie. water. Emily Lorenz. community (long. The assessment will be evaluated through analyses of baseline and alternative building designs. Takamatsu. 130-F. Green Concrete Council. the committee has had three Chairs: Richard Stehly. introduced ISI’s rating system for civil infrastructure. Professor. and land. outlined the march 2012 Concrete international 42 . Structures in Service. social. Relative to the baseline building design. Koji Sakai. Sparks.” on behalf of Antonio Burgueño. CALGreen was adopted in 2011 and includes six impact categories: climate change. owners. Design/Specifications/Codes/Regulations. outlined the activities of ACI Committee 130. the alternative design must show at least a 10% improvement in primary energy use and 5% improvement in at least three impact categories. IL. WG 5 is developing “ISO 21929-2: Sustainability Indicators— Part 2. The rating system will also serve as a guide for practitioners. There are many aspects to be considered for developing a system of indicators for environmental aspects. Sustainability in Buildings and Civil Engineering Works.1 is to establish mandatory criteria in all topic areas. a standard on sustainability assessment of civil engineering works will be developed. While most existing rating systems are applicable for buildings. Production/Transportation/Construction. EnvisionTM. Buffenbarger.

The building design includes raised-access CIRCLE READER CARD #0 Concrete international march 2012 43 . 2011. water resources and environment. as well as chemical admixtures. Japan. Nobufumi Takeda described a low-carbon concrete that was developed by Obayashi Corporation. respectively). The Japan Disaster was a triple disaster. and 2. operable windows. This is the first U. CA. San Mateo. To accelerate concrete sustainability. Low-Carbon Concrete Sustainable Building Phillip Williams. Essence of Sustainability— Lessons from the Japan Disaster Sakai discussed the essence of sustainability from the experience of the March 11. Version 2 of the rating system was released in January 2012.ecology and biodiversity. and on-site renewable energy generation (wind and photovoltaic panels). project requiring carbon accounting for construction materials and related activities. and limestone powder.5. calcium hydroxide. slag cement. gypsum. 65.40. Japan Disaster. energy and carbon. and a score calculator that allows users to analyze and rate a project’s level of achievement for sustainability objectives. With a watercementitious material ratio of 0. 17. It has been used to construct a wall and foundation and will soon be used in the structural members of a building. fly ash. Vice President of Webcor. Both tools are currently under development. it is very important to develop sustainable concrete technologies. resource management (including waste). discussed the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission Headquarters construction project.5% of the cementitious material content. The mixture includes ordinary portland cement. including a preplanning checklist for assessing project sustainability in increasing awareness of issues. the highly flowable mixture provides a concrete with low heat and high durability. and silica fume (15.S. the CO2 emissions associated with concrete production were reduced by 49%. and transportation. and a comprehensive guidance document. Two companion tools are also scheduled for release this year. The developed concrete reduces CO2 emissions from 280 to 50 kg/m3 (470 to 84 lb/yd3) while meeting a required strength of 36 MPa (5000 psi). floors. lighting controls. Tokyo. Energy-saving features and on-site energy generation will allow the headquarters to be a net-zero energy building. By using fly ash and slag cement in the mixture.

and Kevin Mlutkowski. and massive investments will be necessary to remove contamination and rebuild infrastructure. R. References 1.000 people were killed or are missing. and Buffenbarger.000 people evacuated. 31.000 houses damaged. Environmental aspects of Design and construction. “ACI St. K. Feb. and radioactive pollution due to the hydrogen explosion at a nuclear power plant. Koji Sakai. No. he chairs ISO Tc 71/Sc 8. nearly 20. “Concrete Sustainability Forum. As of November 2011. 900. he chaired fib commission 3. ” Concrete International. huge amounts of construction waste generated. great external forces. In addition to the catastrophic loss of life. Mar. The balance among resources/ energy consumption (environmental aspects). Therefore.0). In other words. society has no opportunity to meet the environmental. there is conflict between structural safety and environmental issues. creating a human-friendly and safe environment with low environmental burden is the responsibility of those working in the concrete and construction industry. J. 3. Social impacts are also tremendous. 32. V. It is not economically practical to design structures that completely elude destruction by future unforeseen. In contemporary society. and Stehly. Sakai. However. pp. and radioactive contamination is expected to force long-term evacuation of the local population. pp.. robust buildings and infrastructures are the basis of sustainability.. many people lost their homes.including an earthquake (M9. V.. hover welcomed the attendees to the concrete Sustainability Forum IV. economic.. Buffenbarger. from 2002-2010. K. Sustainability of concrete. Julie K. is a Professor at Kagawa University. and Sordyl. tsunami. 33. FacI. The environmental impacts of the disaster were enormous: radioactive contamination in some regions. Louis Workshop on Sustainability. Japan. There were many lessons learned from the Japan Disaster. No. Large-scale economic effects included collapse of economic activity in the affected regions with job and income loss. AcI Director of Sustainability spends long periods of time indoors. it is necessary to provide a level of performance that holds damage to the level of partial destruction without collapse of the entire structure. 2009. “Concrete Sustainability Forum III. Sakai was a session co-moderator for the 2011 concrete Sustainability Forum IV. Buffenbarger was a session co-moderator for the 2011 concrete Sustainability Forum IV. in the event of natural disasters of very low probability. 3. 44 march 2012 Concrete international . Sakai. including transportation systems and residential and commercial buildings. Destruction of social infrastructure and facilities has exerted a lethal negative impact on economic and social activity. J. Takamatsu. 34-38. 2011. Buffenbarger. residences.K.. V. and commercial buildings. 2. K.K. Seated (from left): Forum co-moderators Koji Sakai and Julie buffenbarger.. 56-59. is an Engineering and architectural Specialist with Lafarge cement. and the Japan concrete Institute committee on Sustainability. and massive resources expended in the reconstruction of the affected regions. economy.D.. ” Concrete International. FacI.” Concrete International. Selected for reader interest by the editors. No. 3. Environmental management for concrete and concrete Structures. 2. Without a robust infrastructure. almost all individuals make use of infrastructure and a vast majority of the population AcI President Kenneth c. and 320. Therefore. D. Mar. and safety/reliability (social aspects) are important for the sustainability of society. 37-40. 2010. and social goals that must be achieved for sustainability. She is also chair of acI committee 130. Sakai. pp.

Integrity in a person can be described as “who you are when no one’s looking. Usonian homes were also constructed with native materials and had flat roofs and large cantilevered overhangs. Most of the houses were built in the 1920s through the 1950s throughout the U. This article explores a few of his textile block homes designed in accordance with Wright’s Usonian concepts for middle-income housing: many were small. a setting with a number of other Wright textile block structures. with his son. and Integrity From early on in his career. Modularity. The Storer House (1923) Wright first used his textile block system on the John Storer House in Hollywood. FL. Wright often used large expanses of glass to blur the boundary between the indoors and outdoors. These joints were left visible as a reminder of the organization of the building units into a unified whole. and affordability through prefabrication and ease of construction. The module helped facilitate other ideals. The base module varied according to the particular project. Nothing should be attached to it without considering the effect on the whole. The basic module dimension. I was working away at the wall as a wall and bringing it toward the function of a screen. What is seen on the outside is true to what is inside.82 m) for the Florida Southern College campus. CA.The Textile block System an overview of Frank Lloyd Wright’s mono-material concepts for middleincome housing by Edward Losch A lthough Frank Lloyd Wright is well known for his iconic works such as Fallingwater and the Guggenheim Museum and being a major proponent of Prairie School Architecture. all dimensions were tied to it.S. would finally permit the free use of the whole space without affecting the soundness of the structure. as though they belong together. 1). was struck into the base concrete floor slab. Lakeland.” So it is with a building.. his textile block system is perhaps less well known. In this sense. such as providing a unified appearance. a means of opening up space which.22 m) for the Usonian houses or 6 ft (1. all components of the building should appear unified. Because a plan could be laid out quickly on grid paper without dimensions. in 1923. whether 4 ft (1. Lloyd Wright. supervising construction (Fig. According to Wright: “My sense of ‘wall’ was no longer the side of a box. To unify the house to its site. This system arose from Wright’s desire to wed machine-age production techniques with organic architecture—the principle that a structure should look as though it naturally grew on a site—so as to make his designs affordable to people of modest means. Wright designed within a module. as control of building materials improved. But it was also to bring the outside world into the house and let the inside of the house go outside. Simplicity. simplicity. the module was as much a design shortcut as an organic principle. Is the structure supported in the manner that it appears to be supported? Are the walls really made of stone or is the stone just a veneer? An organic house does not pretend to be something it is not. but once set. According to the original specifications. but the plans for one are being used to construct a modern building on the Florida Southern College campus. the blocks were to be made Concrete international march 2012 45 . According to Wright’s organic theory. It was enclosure of space affording protection against storm or heat only when needed.”1 Wright’s mono-material textile block was intended to provide these qualities of simplicity and integrity. and radiant-floor heating. single-story dwellings without a garage and were generally L-shaped to fit around a garden terrace. clerestory windows to provide daylighting.

the cost of completion was almost two and a half times Wright’s original estimate. Wright took the opportunity to further flesh out his mono-material concept. Blocks were to be formed on site by pressing the stiff mixture into machined metal molds. in 1986.2 The module for the Storer House was 16 in. Wright undoubtedly felt that the Freeman project would be a good test case. the house is monumental in scale and posture— uncharacteristic for Wright. Los Angeles. CA (Fig. hollywood. 2). The project actually required 11. the Freemans loved their house and remained the only owners and occupants until it was bequeathed by Harriet Freeman to the University of Southern California School of Architecture. This was to be a relatively small house for a client of modest means. 16 in.000 blocks at 66 cents each. and delayed communications with the contractor when Wright returned to Wisconsin.Fig. Wright’s budget would not be as constrained as it was with the Freeman House. It’s no exaggeration to say that it dominates the hillside in an almost brutal fashion. CA (Fig.2 Wright’s penchant to embellish his designs and refuse compromise. on center. Wright was commissioned to design a home for Samuel and Harriet Freeman in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles. for a total cost of $7260. and it was to be used within a half hour. Wright’s original estimate stated that 9000 blocks would be required at a cost of 30 cents each. Visually. CA. cA) from one part portland cement to four parts sand or decomposed granite. Because his new textile block system used inexpensive materials and could (at least in theory) be assembled using unskilled labor. There was no mortar joint between the blocks—a formed reveal was used to give the appearance of a tooled joint—so precision-machined molds were required. Because the Ennises had the resources for a large house on a grand scale. Consistency was to be such that the mixture would hold its shape when squeezed by hand. Unfortunately. with no tolerance. totaling $2700. The Ennis House (1923) The Freeman House (1923) Also in 1923. A freshly formed block was to be removed immediately from the mold and kept moist for at least 10 days. Inspired 46 . Wright had the opportunity to further test the limits of the textile block system when he received a commission from Charles and Mabel Ennis to build a home on a hillside in the Los Feliz area of Los Angeles. The blocks were stacked and reinforced horizontally and vertically with a “fabric” or mesh of grouted reinforcing bars. (406 mm) and the actual block dimensions were exactly 16 x 16 in. 3). The cost overruns were probably due to excessive labor costs resulting from not having a concrete mixer on site. 1: The first use of the textile block system by Frank Lloyd Wright (the Storer house.3 In spite of the cost overruns. march 2012 Concrete international Later in 1923. The wall system consisted of a double-wythe precast block wall with an air gap between the outer and inner wythes.

Wright used offset blocks to form battered walls Concrete international march 2012 47 .Fig. cA. shown here undergoing repair work to the main living area Fig. hollywood hills. cA. 2: The second use of the textile block system was for the construction of the Freeman house. 3: The Ennis house is sited on a hillside in the Los Feliz area of Los Angeles. Inspired by Mayan ruins.

Having no authority myself beyond bullying or by way of ‘suggestion.• • • • by Mayan ruins. 4). the owners demanded traditional chandeliers and furniture. the designer and the owners had significant aesthetic conflicts: Although Wright specified corbeled arches over door and window openings. The plans were finally made. (457 x 343 mm) block (Fig. The Arizona Biltmore Resort (1928) Early in 1928. (51 mm) air gap. the owners wanted (and got) a delicate pattern. Unfortunately. but he was overruled in favor of an 18 x 13. I ’ was powerless to prevent the tragic waste. however. Although Wright specified that the stained glass windows were to be fabricated in a pattern that mimicked the block module. Wright received an inquiry from a former apprentice. 6 ” The cottages that Wright refers to are 11 outbuildings that originally served as quarters for the children of guests. lath. A typical wall consists of two wythes with a 2 in. but Albert encountered the usual opposition to the unusual in design and construction. He recommended a 16 x 16 in. and 9 in. He made extensive use of textile block for floor structures. 48 march 2012 Concrete international . the conflicts between the designer and the owners led Wright to resign from the project. As the project progressed.5 Just as he had feared. never one to compromise. he was unable to stem the co-lateral tide of suggested changes in technique which soon robbed the system of all economic value and left it standing as a novel and beautiful outside for an unintelligent engineer inside. essentially inviting himself to Phoenix: “Should I come out to help you start perhaps?”4 Even though he had misgivings stemming from his firsthand knowledge of Wright’s commanding ego. (457 x 343 mm) and were molded with intricate detail The Florida Southern College Campus is Wright’s only college campus. Worse. was commissioned to build the building. Wright. mono-material. Wright wired back. Eventually. so the blocks became little more than aesthetic treatments. (229 mm). but interior concrete block fireplace walls echo the exterior façade. Albert. Wright used offset blocks to form battered walls.5 in. In the building of the hotel cottages. as it has dentils along the short edges. it appears that a single exterior wythe of the textile blocks did indeed serve as the structural support for the cottages’ roofs. 5). their nannies. 36 in. AZ. and Although Wright typically controlled the design of light fixtures and furnishings on his projects. As Wright explained: “Albert McArthur. the cottages have since undergone extensive remodeling to divide them into resort rooms. machine-age vision. McArthur was familiar with Wright’s Los Angeles houses. McArthur’s family was developing a million-dollar project: a resort in the desert north of Phoenix.2 Even so. I turned into quarters at Phoenix and worked six months with Albert. one of my boys in the Oak Park workshop. and so he asked for details on the method. The interior finish consists primarily of wood studs. According to historical photos of the cottages’ construction. Similarly. the Ennis House arguably stands as one of the most complete built examples of Wright’s modular. Even the most basic block is not plain. and the visible interior blocks at the fireplace have been painted or covered with gypsum wallboard. marble was used for the room floors and ceramic tile was used in the baths. (229 mm) tall and fits the 6 ft (1. was not happy with the way his textile block system was used on the project. Albert Chase McArthur. textile blocks were used as stay-in-place forms for reinforced concrete posts and beams. 4: The biltmore blocks were 18 x 13. the project’s engineers specified a steel and concrete frame to support the four-story hotel. A wanderer myself. using ceiling blocks as stay-in-place forms for a reinforced concrete structural slab. the collaboration was rocky.83 m) basic module used for the campus. wanted to adapt the textile block system for the resort. Florida Southern College Campus (1938 to 1954) Fig. The standard block is 3. McArthur accepted Wright’s proposal. (914 mm) wide. and stucco. and other household servants (Fig. the college built a total of 10 textile block buildings exhibiting the most elaborate use of patterns with the textile block system.5 in. at the psychological moment. (89 mm) thick. the owners demanded horizontal lintels. the details of the system itself were better followed with better results. (406 x 406 mm) block module as was used for the Los Angeles houses. With no other significant commissions in the offing. resulting in a total thickness of 9 in. whereas great technical economy was first and foremost a feature of the system had it been naturally allowed to work. appealed to me for help to establish the block system in the plans for the project. Although Wright wanted the floors to have textile block finishes. Over a period of 16 years.5 in.

The deterioration is so severe that in 2008 the World Monuments Fund placed the campus on its list of the 100 most endangered sites and convened a conference at the college to discuss textile block construction. roux Library (above) (Photo courtesy of Florida Southern College Archives). Not long after construction. causing corrosion and spalling (Fig.8 Eric Lloyd Wright. and delaying Wright’s commission payments. The long horizontal channels must have been difficult to fill with grout. They did this by using student labor to construct the initial buildings. the building as it appeared in 2011 (below) Concrete international march 2012 49 . 5: A biltmore cottage in Phoenix. 6: Student laborers construct the E. Now known as the Thad buckner building. Unfortunately. Wright’s system has not fared well in the humid Florida climate. using sample blocks in the final construction (Fig. 7). AZ Florida Southern College Campus (2011 to 2012) By 1938.8. restoration of the Roux Library was undertaken in 1981 (Fig. but the repairs are now showing distress.7 Block deterioration continues to be a problem on other campus structures. 8). the upper-level walls on the Annie Pfeiffer Chapel were covered with stucco to stop water leakage and protect the blocks (Fig. was in attendance to advise and lend support. low-cost Federal Housing Authority (FHA) loans had become available for single-family homes. For example.Undertaking the project at the end of the Great Depression and during World War II forced the college to make every effort to contain costs. The joints were therefore susceptible to water penetration. 9). especially for the inexperienced student labor that constructed some of the early buildings. The Fig. 6).T.9 Fig. the designer’s grandson and an architect in his own right.

”10 About $2.000 in donations have been received to fund the project. 7: reinforcing bar corrosion and the resulting spalling is evident on many of the blocks on the Florida Southern college campus college wanted to take advantage of this program. The new 1700 ft2 (158 m2) building is being touted by the college as the “first Wright structure constructed for the original client on the original site since 1966. however. Recently. with the upper level covered with stucco Fig. the textile block system has not weathered well in the Florida climate: (upper) restoration work on the former roux Library was undertaken in 1981(Photo courtesy of Florida Southern College Archives). showing that the 1981 replacement blocks have not fared well 50 march 2012 Concrete international . 8: Annie Pfeiffer chapel as it appeared in 2011. with completion expected by the summer of 2012. the college commissioned a new textile block building. Wright designed a single-family Usonian house. Construction started in the spring of 2011.000.Fig. based on Wright’s house plans. According to Wayne Fig. with the potential for building up to 20 more. and (lower) the same section of the roux Library as it appeared in 2011. but the school’s application for an FHA loan was denied—the design was apparently too radical. so they asked Wright to design a prototype for a faculty house. and the house was never constructed. 9: In general. for use as a tourism and education center.

Koehler. dry-casting was investigated. The concrete mixture design was selected with the goal of providing a durable wall while maintaining the same look as the original blocks. According to Baker. There are some durability issues with the plywood molds. and the blocks were not supplied with notches to allow connectors to be recessed. so patterns were based on block designs in other campus buildings. cracking is avoided and the fine detail is preserved. Fig. Forms are removed after 2 hours and the blocks are acid-etched to simulate an open-pore dry-cast look. A wall assembly has been tested and shown to be resistant to wind-driven rain. horizontal reinforcing consists of epoxycoated reinforcing bars. uncoated mild steel was used throughout). The unit cost of additional buildings should be reduced dramatically. 11). and the wythes are held together using custom-designed stainless steel connectors that span between the inner and outer wythes (in the original projects. Because the inserts are removed after the block is released from the form. The blocks are being cast in plywood molds with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) inserts cut to precise specifications on a computer numerically controlled (CNC) mill (Fig. tests have also verified that the sprayed-in-place insulation adds strength to the wall. The white inserts are PTFE milled on a cNc mill (Photo courtesy of Wayne Koehler. so PFTE-coated steel or aluminum is being considered for future base molds. construction will require about 2000 blocks in 47 different patterns. The plans for the houses did not include any details for the block patterns. but the resulting blocks didn’t have the required detail (especially at the perforations) and the blocks were susceptible to water penetration. around 1300 miles (2092 km) from the project site. and horizontal reinforcing comprises epoxy-coated bars. Wet-casting was selected to obtain the necessary detail and low permeability. however. Vertical reinforcing comprises stainless steel threaded rods with couplers. 10: Fabrication of a corner block mold. 11: Partially constructed walls: (upper) a mockup shows the wythe connectors in place. Vertical reinforcing comprises threaded stainless steel rods. and (lower) the final configuration of the wall includes stainless steel wythe connectors set in notches. but Baker attributes the system’s high costs to tooling up from scratch for one small building. The horizontal channels form tubes that will be injected with grout before installation of the door framing Concrete international march 2012 51 . The cavity between the wythes is filled with a polyurethane foam rather than being left open as it was in the original projects. Six generations of block designs were required before the right one was found. Note that polyurethane insulation has been injected between some of the wythes at the door opening. Silicone sealant is used to set the blocks and prevent the grout from oozing out (in the original projects. the foam transfers some shear between the concrete wythes and results in significant composite action. The grout channels formed at the block joints are being filled by pumping. but the materials have been improved (Fig. clay was used for this purpose). Florida Southern College) Fig. The blocks are assembled in a manner similar to that used for the original textile block buildings. The construction is expensive. Block production is taking place at a precast concrete production facility in Massachusetts. According to the Florida Southern College Architect Jeff Baker. The blocks are also pressure-washed on site. Photographer and Assistant Webmaster at Florida Southern College. 10). The connector prototypes were fabricated using carbon steel.

the height of Wright’s Usonian period (Fig. because there is something innate about it that strikes all of us as something worth pursuing. While the columns look fragile.1 He had hoped that his precast concrete modular block system would do just that.” Less consideration was given to using the textile block system as a mono-material. next to designing a theatre for live performance. they actually support the heavy concrete structures of the cantilevered second floor and roof. According to Eric Lloyd Wright. The idea hangs on. Wright settled on the 12 x 24 x 3-1/2 in.Parkwyn Village and Galesburg Country Homes (1948 to 1950)11 These subdivisions in and around Kalamazoo. the exterior finish. (19 mm) mahogany plywood panels. MI. 15). Whether it made economic or structural sense to place significant dead load in the roof structure is a subject of debate. is the only two-story Usonian Automatic house in existence. Closing Remarks According to Eric Lloyd Wright: “You can see that in every period of his career after Olive Hill (Hollyhock House). In Wright’s view. he never let it go. Wright further maximized yard space by tucking the building into a corner of the building lot. 14). “Although steel forms were used to create the blocks for the Automatics.…This problem will probably always exist in one direction or another. 13). with a limited budget. but the use of the blocks as concrete forms for the roof structure took Wright’s mono-material concept further than in his previous designs. ceilings. which was hidden on previous textile block houses. (152 mm) deep. When placed together. (610 x 610 mm) coffered blocks were used as stay-in-place forms for the roof structure. can afford to build a house designed on the basic principles of organic architecture. It was my grandfather’s desire that. and the finished surfaces at penetrations.”1 After some further experimentation in the late 1940s with rectangular block in a 3-to-4 aspect ratio (refer to Parkwyn Village). Lately. In the Usonian Automatic system. because you don’t have a mortar joint to make up differences.He realized that only if the blocks were machine made would it be possible to lay them out without shimming. This can be seen in the home’s dramatic colonnade that faces a large garden space (Fig. as well as providing ventilation. as wood was used for the ceilings and other components (Fig. the block system was apparently intended to be a way for home owners to save money by using “sweat equity. the walls.’ This Usonian house incorporates innovations which reduce most of the heavier costs. But we have gone far in solving this generic problem by the natural concrete block house we call the ‘Usonian Automatic. but there was the issue with the forming. and shelter. there has been a resurgence of interest in Wright’s life and work. The Turkel House (1955) The Usonian Automatic Wright’s ultimate expression and final word on the textile block system was the Usonian Automatic: “We are often asked how a young couple. especially with the mitered glass corners. 24 x 24 in. was left exposed for decorative effect or covered with an inch of rigid insulation and 3/4 in.12 The Automatics are perhaps most notable for the use of coffered concrete blocks for the construction of the ceiling and roof structures. But he couldn’t swing (the industry) over. the blocks still could not be made with the precision necessary to lay them without shimming. they were perforated blocks which admitted light and views.These blocks were handcrafted. pilasters. His intent was to find a manufacturer that could produce the system economically to the precision required for blocks with no dimensional tolerance. The whole thing is unified. There is always some kind of concrete textile block system. these blocks could be picked up in any building supply yard and stacked up by individuals wanting to build their own houses…. Six in. but rather. so the roof was essentially a concrete waffle-slab with precast stay-in-place forms. The inside coffered face of each block. I always thought it had great potential. 12 ” Most of the Automatics were constructed with a single wythe wall. roof. 12). The 200 lb (91 kg) blocks were hoisted and placed on a temporary platform. but he was never able to interest anyone in taking on the manufacture of the blocks. (305 x 610 x 89 mm) Usonian Automatic block. The house has recently been carefully restored to its former glory by the current owners (Fig. these weren’t windows as punched openings. were constructed in the late 1940s and early 1950s. support.”13 Frank Lloyd Wright once stated that. [610 mm] wide) and over 400 windows. Wright’s design includes 19 exterior doors (none more than 24 in. labor in particular. cast-in-place concrete at the abutting edges. and even the glazing would be constructed using the basic block module. Still. My grandfather could never get any companies interested in developing machinery to make the block…. the blocks created troughs for reinforcing and march 2012 Concrete international The Turkel House in Detroit. Some enhancements to the original construction include the addition of thermal pane insulated glass for all the perforated blocks and the installation of an enhanced perimeter radiant heat system to reduce condensation on the windows. Ignoring the original owner’s wish to minimize the number of windows and doors. It could be that his pioneering experiments will yet provide an inspiration for 52 . solving the middle-income housing problem was the issue closest to his heart. the block serves as the structure. and with the accuracy of the block (dimensions). Here. The two-story scheme reduces the house’s footprint on the lot. MI. ultimately.

in 2011 Fig. Kalamazoo. MI. 13: The interior of Eric V. brown house living room. brown house. Parkwyn Village. the ceiling and roof structure are wood construction Concrete international march 2012 53 . MI. in 2011.Fig. 12: The exterior of the Eric V. Kalamazoo. Although the walls and fireplace comprise textile block construction.

coffered concrete blocks form the ceiling and stay-in-place forms for the cast-in-place roof structure 3. 42 pp. and shelter. USC School of Architecture.Fig 15: Interior of the Turkel house. 1992.M. 12. L. NY. Fig. MacDonald. Phoenix. 11. 528 pp. Preserving the Textile Block at Florida Southern College. 10. the Arizona Biltmore Hotel. Frank Lloyd Wright in Arizona. Hess. Weintraub.. R. R. Frank Lloyd Wright: The Houses... Tucson.E. 2011. (www. Wright. 72 pp. 30. Rizzoli International Publication. K. A.. 7. he founded Losch Engineering corporation to provide engineering services to the precast concrete industry. June 2. A. Los angeles.. Frank Lloyd Wright: Collected Writings—Vol. Wright. 293 pp. Frampton. 2.. Horizon Press. NY.. 1924. Cambridge. New York. 2006.. Rio Nuevo Publishers. Frank Lloyd Wright. AZ. MI. he recently chaired the Precast/Prestressed concrete Institute Sandwich Wall Panel committee and has developed software for concrete sandwich wall design that has become a standard in the industry. NY. A. Freitag.M. 5. “Jewel of the Desert. References 1. Hollywood. MA. MI. 384 pp. 1994. Arcadia Publishing. 4. 6. “Site Visit: Frank Lloyd Wright’s Florida Southern College. Losch is currently a PhD candidate in building science at the University of Southern california School of architecture. views.G.. June project/florida-southern-college) 9. T. New York. 1954. Wright in Hollywood: Visions of a New Architecture.. AZ. Chusid. Cheek. Historic Structure Report: Samuel and Harriet Freeman House. J. Florida Southern College News.A. Chusid.M. T. features a dramatic colonnade: (upper) from the inside. California. New York. Dec. ventilation. Heinz. World Monuments Fund. J. in 2011. Sweeney. 14: The Turkel house in Detroit. 128 pp. The Buildings of Frank Lloyd Wright at Florida Southern College. As Wright intended.L. 2005..L. 2011. 8. N. the perforated blocks provide light. 2... J.” Biltmore Press. support.wmf.. Northwestern University Press. and (lower) from the outside. Rizzoli. 2009. the MIT Press. the nearly transparent colonnade provides views of a large garden space. 271 pp. 544 pp.” WMF Journal. NY. Galbraith. the colonnade is seen to support the heavy concrete structures of the second floor and roof the development of a viable precast concrete residential building system. Frank Lloyd Wright Field Guide: Includes All United States and International Sites. 2011. ca. and Hines. Author conversation with Eric Lloyd Wright. F. 2007.. 2005. 2009.L.S. Selected for reader interest by the editors. 223 pp. first edition. 1989. and Rogers Jr. Edward Losch is both a licensed structural engineer and an architect. New York.W. Detroit.. 13. Inc. The Natural House. 54 march 2012 Concrete international . May 14. F.

org or by calling 248-848-3800 .CI $192.00) Purchase today at www. and inspection.concrete. Order Code: 31811. construction. reinforcement detailing requirements for seismic application. in a side-by-side column format to match the corresponding code requirements. and much more. Over 20 countries worldwide have adopted ACI 318 for use in their national codes. containing the latest code requirements for structural concrete.50 (ACI members $116. including design requirements for adhesive anchors. provides background information for code provisions.2011 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary ACI 318 is a must-have standard for all professionals engaged in concrete design. The companion commentary. The ACI 318-11 edition features some key changes.

20 K2O 0. so valorization of mixed glass by using it in concrete is an attractive alternative.19 Specific gravity 3.70 1. and education on sustainable development. mixed glass is normally landfilled. m2/kg 394 382 56 march 2012 Concrete international .42. Table 1: chemical and physical properties of portland cement (GU) and glass powder (GP) in % of total Cementitious material GU GP SiO2 20.48.92 0. Canada. glass powder (GP) demonstrates pozzolanic behavior: the amorphous silica (SiO2) in the GP (Table 1) reacts with portlandite (Ca(OH)2) generated during cement hydration to form gels of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH). For each project. The slab and walls were instrumented to monitor concrete strain and temperature over time. slump ranging from 50 to 110 mm (2 to 4. including increased workability and reduced chloride permeability.15 2.25 in. and flexural). we placed sections with trial and control concrete mixtures. Two walls of a recyclable materials sorting plant in Gatineau. Several studies have shown the beneficial effects. wall. tensile. innovation. A were examined using samples taken at the site. Center for Sustainable Development Field Trials • • • Using concrete mixtures with 10 to 30% GP as a cement replacement.07 Al2O3 4. QC. slump ranging from 50 to 110 mm (2 to 4.62 Na2O 0. we conducted three field trials in Quebec.26 SO3 3.43 74. The building thus includes several experimental projects on green building and is open to the public as a center for reflection.The Use of Glass Powder as Supplementary cementitious Material Field trials in slab. strength (compressive.54 Blaine. In addition to being the headquarters of Équiterre and several other social and environmental organizations. and water-cementitious material ratio (w/cm) of 0.95 0. and Sidewalk: 28-day compressive strength of 32 MPa (4640 psi).97 Fe2O3 2. volumetric change.53 0.25 in.18 7.44 CaO 62. The requirements for concrete mixtures were as follows: Interior slab: 28-day compressive strength of 30 MPa (4350 psi). and Sidewalks within the Museum District of Montreal.). Sidewalk mixtures were also evaluated for scaling resistance. the building is being developed as the showcase of Quebec’s expertise in the field of sustainable development. and sidewalk concrete mixtures by Arezki Tagnit-Hamou and Abdelkrim Bengougam lthough uncolored glass can be recycled by the glass industry.1-7 This article provides field trial data on concrete produced with GP. Canada: A slab and sidewalk at La Maison du développement durable (The Center for Sustainable Development) in Montreal.). and durability (chloride permeability and resistance to freezing and thawing) • • The Center for Sustainable Development is a green building demonstration located on Saint-Catherine Street in Montreal.81 1. of using GP as a supplementary cementitious material (SCM).56 MgO 1. We participated in the construction of a reinforced concrete slab-on-ground floor in the center’s conference room lobby and sidewalks on Saint-Catherine Street (HSD project) (Fig. and w/cm of 0. 1). When ground to about the same fineness as portland cement. This presents obvious environmental problems.39 13. In both cases.

constructed using concrete mixtures with 20% GP as cement replacement Fig. Following this directive. The control section was constructed using concrete mixture Control1. “Cementitious Materials for Use in Concrete”) and 20% GP. Concrete international march 2012 57 . WRA and air-entraining agent were incorporated into the concrete mixtures at the plant. Both concrete mixtures were delivered by Lafarge. To improve the workability during the placements. Tricentris has committed to building a plant specifically for production of GP to be used as an SCM.) for the mixture Control1. a high-range water- reducing admixture (HRWRA) was added at the site.25 in. Both concrete mixtures were manufactured and delivered to the site by Unibéton. were 80 mm (3 in. Canada. The control section was constructed using concrete mixture Control2. The company seeks LEED certification on all new construction projects. with a cementitious material content of 80% Type GU cement per the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) (CSA A3001. Control2 and GP20-2 were delivered by Demix Construction and Unibéton. canada. 2: Walls at Tricentris recyclable material sorting company.Fig. the trial section was constructed using concrete mixture GP20-1. 2). Dosage rates were 1 L/m3 (26 fl oz/yd3) for mixture GP20-1 and 0. For the sidewalk. 1: Sidewalks and interior slab at the center for Sustainable Development. incorporates two reinforced concrete buildings with 4 m (13 ft) tall walls using 10% (concrete mixture GP10) and 30% (concrete mixture GP30) of GP as a cement replacement (Tables 2 and 3).5 L/m3 (13 fl oz/yd3) for mixture Control1.) for mixture GP20-1 and 90 mm (3. The compositions of the concrete mixtures are listed in Table 2. the trial section was constructed using concrete mixture GP20-2. Qc. respectively. Sorting Plant Tricentris is a major recyclable material sorting company in Quebec. For the sidewalk. with 100% Type GU cement. 40 minutes after the water was added to the mixtures. also with a cementitious material content of 80% Type GU cement and 20% GP. constructed using concrete mixtures with 10 and 30% GP as cement replacement For the interior slab. Qc. the company’s new sorting facility in Gatineau (Fig. with a cementitious material content of 77% Type GU cement and 23% Class F fly ash. and the fresh concrete properties are presented in Table 3. canada. As the industrial partner of the Société des Alcools du Quebec (SAQ) Research Chair on the Valorization of Glass in Materials. Gatineau. The slump values obtained on site. Montreal. a water-reducing admixture (WRA) was added to the mixture at the plant. For the interior slab.

5 (13) Control2 0.1 2308 (144. 20% Type GUb-S/SF (interground portland cement/slag cement/ silica fume).8) 22 (71.2) GP20-1 80 (3.4 2424 (151.4 (79.8) 135 (2.8) Control2 130 (5) — 7.3) — 6 (42. mm (in.44 262 (442) 75 (126) 38 (64) — 165 (278) 840 (1416) 1033 (1741) 175 (2. kg/m3 (lb/ft3) Temperature of concrete.0) — 1. We recommended the use of GP so that the concrete would complement the district’s traditional granite pavers (Fig.5) — 5.0 (26) HSD project (sidewalk concrete) GP20-2 0.75) — 5. kg/m (lb/yd3) w/cm cement GU GUb-S/SF GP Fly ash class F Water Sand aggregate. and 10% GP (Tables 2 and 3).8) 60 (0.5) 120 (4. mL/100 kg (fl oz/100 lb) aEa. After deciding to renovate the streets and enlarge the sidewalks around the museum.48 245 (413) — 105 (177) — 168 (283) 770 (1298) 1025 (1728) 230 (3.) Slump after hrWra addition.Montreal’s Museum District The Museum District.3) 24 (75. The tests were performed according to specifications of ASTM International or Bureau de Normalisation du Québec (BNQ).0 (78. is home to many historical and architectural buildings.6) — Table 3: Properties of fresh concretes HSD project (slab) Measured properties Slump control.5) 42 (0. % Density.4) 0 (32) Control1 90 (3. the city chose to use white or pale concrete for the sidewalks to reduce the urban heat island.2 to 0.25) 130 (5) 4.42 320 (539) — 80 (135) — 168 (283) 688 (1160) 1040 (1753) 180 (2. L/m3 (fl oz/yd3) 3 HSD project (slab concrete) GP20-1 0.6) — Montréal city project (sidewalk concrete) Quat10 0.5) 42 (0.0) 26 (78.3 (79. Testing Methods • During each placement.5) 26.1) — 0.) Wra.3 2297 (143.1) — GP30 0.2) 26.38 435 (733) — — — 175 (295) 728 (1227) 1007 (1697) 250 (3.8) 22 (71.8) 26 (78. 3).) air content.48 280 (472) — 70 (118) — 168 (283) 825 (1391) 1070 (1804) 130 (2. a zone surrounding the Museum of Fine Arts in downtown Montreal.5) Montréal city project (sidewalk) Quat10 85 (3.4) 18. The sidewalks were constructed using a quaternary concrete mixture (Quat10) with 70% Type GU cement.0 2324 (145. we produced specimens for laboratory tests.6) Tricentris project (wall) GP10 100 (4) — 5.48 264 (445) — — 78 (131) 165 (278) 966 (1628) 950 (1601) 138 (2.8 in.8) 58 march 2012 Concrete international .6) GP30 95 (3.6) — Control1 0. “Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens”.7) 40 (0. 5 to 20 mm (0. mL/100 kg (fl oz/100 lb) hrWra.6 Not determined 26.75) 2.2 (81. including: ASTM C39. °c (°F) ambient temperature. Table 2: concrete mixture design Material.4) 27.50 270 (455) — 30 (51) — 154 (260) 820 (1382) 1057 (1782) 230 (3.0 (64. °c (°F) HSD project (sidewalk) GP20-2 90 (3.6 2294 (143. mm (in.9) — Tricentris project (wall concrete) GP10 0.8 (74.2 2343 (146.25) — 6. The concrete mixture was delivered by Lafarge.3) 23.

MPa (psi) 91 days 41 (5950) 44.00 (725) 4. 4). The splitting tensile strengths for GP mixtures and control mixtures were comparable.25 (760) 5.0 (4350) 31.30 (770) 5.8 (3890) 23.6 (5160) 30. At early ages.0 (580) 4. The values obtained for the concrete mixture with 20% GP (GP20-2) are about a third of the corresponding values obtained for the control Fig.7 (970) 8. 5 and listed in Table 5.3 (2070) — Splitting tensile strength. “Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens”. “Standard Test Method for Electrical Indication of Concrete’s Ability to Resist Chloride Ion Penetration”.2 (4380) 28 days 31.9 (3470) 30. MPa (psi) 28 days 5.50 (505) 2.35 (775) 6.55 (515) 3. and BNQ NQ 2621-900 Annex A. The results of resistance to rapid chloride penetration testing are presented in Fig.2 (3360) 7 days 23.34 (919) 5.60 (375) 3. constructed using concrete mixtures with 10% GP as cement replacement Table 4: Mechanical properties of hardened concrete Concrete mixture GP20-1 (slab) control1 (slab) GP20-2 (sidewalk) control2 (sidewalk) GP10 (wall) GP30 (wall) Quat10 (sidewalk) Compressive strength.80 (840) Concrete international march 2012 59 .5 (4570) 33. “Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of Parameters of the Air-Void System in Hardened Concrete”.5 (4710) 46. “Détermination de la ´ Résistance à l’Ecaillage du Béton Soumis à des Cycles de Gel-Dégel en Contact avec des Sels Fondants.7 (2710) 23. ASTM C457. Montréal. ASTM C1202. the compressive strengths of concrete mixtures with GP used in slabs and sidewalks were lower than those of their corresponding control mixture.1 (595) 4.40 (640) 4.30 (770) 3 days 18.6 (3420) 27.4 (6730) Flexural strength.25 (760) 5.10 (595) 3.2 (3075) 18.2 (6410) 37.6 (3420) 19.05 (440) 91 days 4. The data show that resistance to chloride ion penetration increases with increasing GP content.05 (585) 91 days 5.20 (465) 3. ASTM C157. 3: Sidewalks at the Museum District.4 (3250) 25.• • • • • • • ASTM C496. ASTM C666 Procedure A.50 (655) 4.20 (610) 5.1 (4570) 35 (5080) 32.60 (955) 5. The tensile strength of GP20-2 exceeded that of Control2 at 28 days (Table 4).2 (4820) 30.6 (2700) 23. meet the required strengths at 28 days.70 (680) 5.80 (700) 4.80 (840) 6. MPa (psi) 1 day 6.9 (3760) 26. ASTM C78. however.7 (3000) 21.6 (2260) 14.75 (835) 5.2 (4530) 35.40 (495) 4.30 (770) 5. “Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading)”. GP mixtures did.00 (725) 4. “Standard Test Method for Resistance of Concrete to Rapid Freezing and Thawing”.” Results and Discussion The evaluated properties are presented in Table 4. canada.9 (1290) — — 15.2 (4380) 34. “Standard Test Method for Length Change of Hardened Hydraulic-Cement Mortar and Concrete”.3 (3960) 22.6 (5450) 35. The GP mixtures had about the same strengths as the control mixtures at 28 days and GP20-2 had a greater strength than the corresponding control mixture (Control2) at 91 days (Fig. Qc.7 (2860) 20.7 (5430) 28 days 3.

1.9 The results of salt scaling tests performed on the sidewalk concrete (GP20-2 and Control2) are presented in Table 7. The results of freezing-and-thawing tests and microscopic air void analyses are listed in Table 6. % hardened concrete air content. Tested specimens also showed only a very slight scaling.1 3. All concretes with GP showed very good resistance.8 In addition. 4: compressive strength results (1 MPa = 145 psi) Methods and Standard Practices for Concrete”) for C1 exposure class (charge passed <1500 coulombs at 56 days). the visual appearance of the specimens was good with some fine cracks present on the surface.245 (0.mixture (Control2). however.010) 98 Montréal city project (sidewalk) Quat10 6. Measurements of length change (per ASTM C157) obtained over period of 3 months are presented in Fig. with the durability factor ranging from 98 to 102% (well exceeding the 80% suggested as a limit for a good durability). % Tricentris project (wall) GP10 5. spacing factors determined for the concrete mixtures with GP (Table 6) were below the 0.7 0.20 mm (0.1 and below 0. mm (in. the mass of scaled concrete obtained after 56 cycles of freezing and thawing is less than 500 g/m2 (0. The concrete mixture with 20% GP used in sidewalks also meets the permeability requirement of the CSA (CSA-A23. In general.2 4.6 3. Coulombs 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 28 56 Age.) limit specified by CSA-A23.176 (0. concrete mixtures with GP have higher shrinkage than the control concrete mixtures.225 (0. the concrete mixture with 20% GP is considered to have low and very low chloride ion penetrability at 56 and 91 days. which is a generally accepted maximum spacing factor value for concrete with good resistance to freezing and thawing. “Concrete Materials and Methods of Concrete Construction/Test 50 Compressive strength.124 (0.0 3.). According to the rating scale provided in ASTM C1202.0 0. the shrinkage strain remains below the limit specified in CSA-A23. days 80 100 Fig.008 in. the use of GP as an alternative SCM is very promising. the maximum limit specified by the standard BNQ NQ 2621-900.6 4. For both mixtures.009 in. % Spacing factor .005) 103 GP30 5.23 mm (0.) Durability factor. 6.7 0. 5: chloride ion permeability results Table 6: Durability factor and air void parameters (resistance to freezing and thawing) HSD project (sidewalk) Concrete properties Fresh concrete air content.1 lb/ft2). Concrete mixtures containing GP exhibited good workability during the Table 5: rapid chloride permeability test (ASTM c1012) Concrete mixtures GP20-2 (sidewalk) control2 (sidewalk) 28 days 2245 — 6030 2742 — 56 days 1290 3409 5025 1681 1658 91 days 987 2818 3562 1236 — 91 GP10 (wall) GP30 (wall) Quat10 (sidewalk) Fig. After 300 cycles of freezing and thawing. MPa 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 0 20 GP20-1 GP20-2 GP10 Quat10 Control1 Control2 GP30 40 60 Age.009) 99 60 march 2012 Concrete international . days GP20-1 GP20-2 GP10 Quat10 Control1 Control2 GP30 Promising Results Based on the presented test results.1 6000 Charge passed. respectively.0 0.7 0.007) 102 GP20-2 5.007) 100 Control2 7.169 (0.

. “Performance of Glass Powder as a Pozzolanic Material: A Field Trial on Concrete Slabs. May 2005. is a Professor in the civil Engineering Department at the University of Sherbrooke. QC. No. Arezki Tagnit-Hamou. 8. “Optimization of the Fineness of Glass Powder in Binary Cementitious Systems. his research interests include supplementary cementitious materials and the long-term behavior and durability of concrete.01 0. 9. “Guide to Durable Concrete (201.. K. his research interests include physical chemistry and microstructure of cement and concrete. Sherbrooke. and the city of Montreal for their collaboration in these projects.” Advances in Cement Research. pp. A. “Stoichiometric Study of Activated Glass Powder Hydration. Toulouse. ´ Equiterre. Farmington Hills.02 -0. Topçu. “Influence of a Fine Glass Powder on the Durability Characteristics of Concrete and Its Comparison to Fly Ash.03 -0.. A. pp. canada. H. 284 pp. respectively. 2004. and 555. accepted for publication (ACR-D-1000067R1). Tagnit-Hamou. A. West Conshohocken. July 2008. 5. Shi. eds. Concrete international march 2012 61 . J. and www. No.bnq. and Canbaz.” Cement and Concrete Research.. V. C.. V.02 Length change. QC. “Freezing and Thawing. N.. “Properties of Concrete Containing Waste Glass..” PhD thesis cotutelle.Table 7: Surface scaled mass of concrete mixtures used in sidewalk project Scaling. Sherbrooke. and CSA standards discussed in this article can be found at www. 7.04 -0. g/m2 (lb/ft2) Age 28 days GP20-2 322 (0. No. 1). Switzerland. Lamond and J. Saeed. Canada. Wu. and Wang. 2006.astm. Shayan. H. 2008.. and Xu. 34. Mar.” Cement and Concrete Research. and Neal.K. References 1. 6: Drying shrinkage of concretes measured according to ASTM c157 placement.06 0 10 20 30 GP20-2 GP10 GP20-1 Control2 GP30 Control1 40 50 Age. Although cement replacement with the GP was shown to reduce early-age compressive strength. Canada. Cam. working as part of the Industrial research chair on the Valorization of Glass in materials. 36. U.qc. 168 pp. he received his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. BNQ. I. Fig.. Ebead. Idir Nmai. concrete mixtures with GP are expected to demonstrate better durability than portland cement concrete mixtures. The support is deeply appreciated. C. 5. 30. Y. Selected for reader interest by the editors.B. 2009.06) Control2 265 (0. concrete with recycled materials. Schwarz. p. MI. 457-468. Sherbrooke. Zidol. Sustainability of concrete. University of Toulouse. 6.” American Concrete Institute.” Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete Making Materials (STP 169D)..01 -0. Note: Additional information on the ASTM International. ASTM International. and Neithalath.05) 0.. France. 4. V. “Characteristics and Pozzolanic Reactivity of Glass Powders. and one GP mixture reached a greater strength than the corresponding control at 91 days. pp. 49 pp. days 60 70 80 90 3. “Mechanisms of Action of Glass Powders and Glass Aggregates on Alkali-Silica and Pozzolanic Reactions.. H.H. 6. Also. pp. Acknowledgments Funding for this project and the Industrial Chair on the Valorization of Glass in Materials was provided by the Société des Alcools du Quebec. With good resistance to chloride ion penetration and cycles of freezing and thawing. N. C.05 -0. ACI Committee 201. concrete mixtures with GP reached strength values close to the strength values for control mixtures at 28 days. No.2R-08). 2009. FacI. Qc. 3.. 35. supplementary cementitious materials. % 0..” Cement and Concrete Research. Abdelkrim Bengougam is a research associate in the Department of civil Engineering at the University of Sherbrooke. Pieler. 486-496.F. University of Sherbrooke. 2. M. and sustainable development. www.” Cement and Concrete Composites. 2. the optimum cement replacement level is estimated to be between 20 and 30%.. 267-274.” master’s thesis.03 0. GP replacements were also shown to significantly reduce the permeability of hardened concrete.. Feb. V. Lausanne. we thank Tricentris. in 2002. he is a member of acI committees 130. 987-993. and University of Sherbrooke. Rieflerb.. -0. 159 (Fig.csa... 2009.

sewer lines that limited the constructible area. A vertical piazza forms the heart of the building. The design required negotiating a series of complex existing site conditions and programmatic prerequisites. interior architecture. Denmark BIG This multi-family residential structure contains 475 units. The Gates and Hillman Centers for Computer Science. Selected from over 700 total submissions. 27 recipients located throughout the world will be honored at the AIA 2012 National Convention and Design Exposition in Washington. this building houses four departments of the School of Computer Science.2012 AIA Institute honor Awards T he American Institute of Architects (AIA) has selected the 2012 recipients of the Institute Honor Awards. 41 Cooper Square. while an undulating lattice envelopes a 20 ft (6 m) wide grand stair ascending four stories from the ground level through the skylit central atrium. 62 march 2012 Concrete international The Gates and hillman centers for computer Science. to share a single venue. Pittsburgh. separated by a 5300 ft2 (500 m2) communal facility in the center. and an existing campus spacial hierarchy. NY Morphosis Architects As the new academic building for The Cooper Union. New Copenhagen. including demolition of existing buildings.aia. Pittsburgh. previously housed in separate buildings. and urban design. 2012 Institute Honor Awards for Architecture 8 House. The bow-shaped building creates two distinct housing spaces. DC. subsurface rock. PA Mack Scogin Merrill Elam Architects Located on Carnegie Mellon University’s west campus. the profession’s highest recognition of works that exemplify excellence in architecture. More information on the award winners can be found at www. PA . this facility allows the college’s three schools. The apartments sit above commercial space at street level.

Chicago. The two slabs of the building are angled to further emphasize the building’s distinction from the city’s grid and its levitation above the neighborhood. a 75-yearold elevated railroad line recently developed into a new linear. LumenHAUS.” It adjusts to climatic changes and user requirements and generates more power than it uses over the course of a year. IN Marlon Blackwell Architect This project serves as both a threshold to and a destination within the 100 Acres Art & Nature Park at the Indianapolis Museum of Art. The structure is a grid-tied solarpowered house based on the concept of “Responsive Architecture. La crescenta. Indianapolis. NS. The second level holds office spaces configured to allow for views from all spaces out onto the garden. a walkway. in part. allowing traffic to pass below it and natural light to reach the street. Bounded by an introverted exterior. La Crescenta. The pavilion is the result of a studied relationship between building. An irregularly shaped void defined by these intersections creates an outdoor room whose edges blur into the adjoining spaces. public park. New York. Blacksburg. Upper Kingsburg. NY Ennead Architects The 18-story hotel straddles the High Line. Los Angeles. Children’s Institute. CA Koning Eizenberg Architecture The adaptive reuse of three industrial buildings created Pittman Dowell residence. New York. and a performance venue for poetry all on the ground floor. NY Concrete international march 2012 63 . and the main entrance. a meeting and reading space in the library. Inc. CA Michael Maltzan Architecture.. Artistic additions to the building created windows. VA Virginia Tech Solar Team The house is both a dwelling and an international exhibition informing the public about issues of alternative energy and sustainability. an architectural education center in the tradition of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Taliesin. consists of numerous structures that are. Inc. seating. Inspired by geometric arrangements of interlocking polygons. The building features sculptural piers which raise the building 57 ft (17 m) off the street. the home is a heptagonal figure confounded by a series of intersecting slices. living spaces unfold in shifting perspectival frames. Ruth Lilly Visitors Pavilion. cA The Standard. Poetry Foundation. New York. Omaha. Pittman Dowell Residence. 2012 Institute Honor Awards for Interior Architecture ARTifacts. a gallery. New York.Ghost Architectural Laboratory. NE Randy Brown Architects The design of the Kent Bellows Studio and Center for Visual Arts focused on minimal interventions to upgrade the building and provide the new spaces for the facility. products of the design/build curriculum itself. The Standard. IL John Ronan Architects Chicago’s Poetry Foundation features a garden. Canada Mackay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects Limited This project. Otis Booth Campus. land. a library. and art. They provide accommodation for the program and a venue for community events.

HyundaiCard Air Lounge. two virtual skylights move slowly through the color spectrum of the sky. allowing for additional connection to the site. David Rubenstein Atrium at Lincoln Center. PLLC The design solution references the building’s architecture—what Wright specifically called “the primitive initial”—without repeating it. In the process. envelope. restores Rhode Island Hall’s exterior and entirely renovates its interior. Canada Shim-Sutcliffe Architects The project integrates many sustainable features into the site and building. Translucency of both glass and wood creates varying levels of transparency and daylight between program spaces. seating. MD David Jameson Architect Four decades after this project was featured in the Architectural Record. A field of vertical geothermal pipes supplies heating and cooling for the entire project. Integral House. Providence.” Record House Revisited. Northbrook. New York. canada 64 march 2012 Concrete international . and a custom maple “pavilion. New York. The sculptural forms create a flared ceiling. A truss roof system allowed interior walls to be eradicated. Integral house. NY Tod Williams Billie Tsien Architects This 7000 ft2 (650 m2) passageway serves as Lincoln Center’s public visitor facility. Toronto. Memory Temple. Rhode Island Hall. The Wright at the Guggenheim Museum. ON. reflective surfaces provide visual relief while cove lighting plays up the ethereal atmosphere of the space. Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World. A centrally located lush green roof is a visual feature from many parts of the project. The original brick fireplace and skylight ring at the center of the house is exposed and left uninterrupted. the 7500 ft2 (700 m2) facility is organized around three compositional elements: a colonnade. The project is part of the University’s ongoing renovation of historic buildings and also demonstrates its commitment to sustainability—Rhode Island Hall is the first building at Brown to be certified LEED Gold for New Construction. Vertical wooden fins provide sun shading from the exterior and contribute to the acoustical performance of the concert hall. IL Goettsch Partners Inserted into a single-story speculative office suite. RI Anmahian Winton Architects This project. The foam was used as a total building assembly: structure. Incheon. The campus is split by an alley with the north site focusing on preschool and early childhood services and the south site anchored around a community center offering educational programs and counseling services. full-height glass screen walls. and acoustical barrier. ON. Layers of closed-cell foam (used structurally) and open-cell foam (used acoustically) were combined to make up the wall assembly. yielding floor to ceiling window apertures. and a communal table. Owings Mill. including the main concert hall. as well as 20 ft (6 m) high plant walls and a fountain in the ceiling that drops thin streams of water into a stone basin. an arced bar. South Korea Gensler In this unique airport lounge. Toronto. CA Patrick Tighe Architecture The installation proposes a new structural materiality through the use of renewable polyurethane foam. The atrium includes cantilevered canopies. NY Andre Kikoski Architect. on the campus of Brown University. Prairie Management Group.the headquarters for a nonprofit organization that assists children and families exposed to violence. underlying architectural geometries were transformed into dynamic spatial effects. Los Angeles. the current owners revisited the house with several alterations. Within the constraint of a small envelope.

plazas. cO Concrete international march 2012 65 . Projects include but are not limited to walkways.000 Square Feet: Base Operations Center. eliminating the need for line repainting. located adjacent to DENR headquarters in downtown Raleigh. Inc. raleigh.000 Square Feet: Department of Environment & Natural Resources. Shawano. This year’s program received 84 entries. Contractor: Re-Create Companies LLC dba Paver Creations. Colorado Springs. underground vaults. Honorable Mention: Scottsdale Centre Renovation. Combination 1. The details of the design were executed with varying colors Commercial/Industrial Winners Department of Environment & Natural resources.hNA hardscape Project Award Winners T he Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI). NC Contractor: Fred Adams Paving Company. CO Contractor: Rocky Mountain Hardscapes. Nc base Operations center. WI. Manufacturer: Belgard Hardscapes When constructing a new sidewalk.000 – 20. Honorable Mention: Shawano County Park. Peterson Air Force base. the use of pavers allowed for construction around lighting fixtures. The Hardscape Project Awards recognize outstanding projects by contractors in residential and commercial/industrial applications. colorado Springs. clay brick. patios. announced the 4th Annual Hardscape North America (HNA) Hardscape Project Award winners in late 2011. without requiring patching and paving after repairs. More than 20. Manufacturer: Pavestone Company The highlight of this project was a large compass rose. the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) chose to use concrete pavers due to their ease of installation and removal. Use of permeable interlocking concrete pavers in all aspects of the project contributed to LEED credits. providing visual interest and orientation for newcomers. AZ. segmental retaining wall. The project also included the use of white-colored pavers to outline spaces in the parking lot. and a combination of all hardscape products. and various other utility boxes. A total of 16 award winners were recognized in categories of concrete paver. Raleigh. Pavers will also allow the City of Raleigh to easily remove and replace the walkway for purposes such as connecting utilities along sidewalks. Scottsdale. along with the Brick Industry Association and National Concrete Masonry Association. Peterson Air Force Base. driveways. Contractor: Apple Valley Orchard & Nursery. of flagstone and cobble-shaped and Holland pavers. and parking lots. During construction of the walkway..

placed without a specific pattern to create a boardwalk look for the plaza as a whole. Minocqua. plans were made to install a large plaza and water feature at this downtown campus. FL. Manufacturer: Hanson This special project for the City of Daytona Beach is a courtyard honoring those who served in the armed forces. Honorable Mention: New Orleans Superdome’s Champions Square. requiring the use of several forms of waterproofing underneath and between the pavers to both keep the rooms dry and provide resistance to Texas storms. Transportation/Municipal Street: Veterans Memorial. New Orleans. Contractor: LA Pavers.Northern Pines Greenery. More than 15. Grand Rapids. Palmetto Bay. The fountain was created out of uniformly colored pavers in varying sizes and shades of gray.000 ft2 (3700 m2) of PICP to Tarrant county college Trinity river East. Using no drawings. the project was completely designed and installed by the owner of the landscaping business and his staff. Daytona Beach. Permeable interlocking concrete pavement (PICP) Palmetto Bay Village Hall. but instead exploring the most effective combinations on site. WI Contractor: Jared Conover.000 – 15.000 Square Feet: Tarrant County College Trinity River East. Daytona beach. The landscape architect transformed a flat surface to one suggesting three dimensions by doing an exact layout of the circle and points of the star pattern using careful saw-cutting. LLC. Andrews Cathedral. WI Concrete paver 1. Sarasota. Contractor: Michigan Pavers & Walls. Manufacturer: Pavestone Company In this redesign project. Honorable Mention: St. TX Contractor: Chamberlin Roofing & Waterproofing. TX Veterans Memorial. which led to building a custom fireplace and natural stone accents. Honorable Mention: Ringling College of Art & Design. Minocqua.. LA.000 Square Feet: Northern Pines Greenery. nontumbled units in a 45-degree angle define an “area rug” in front of the fireplace. Fort Worth. The company emphasizes custom work to enhance projects. Contractor: Pat O’Hara Pavers. FL Contractor: Stone Age Pavers Inc. Fort Worth. The fountain also serves as a roof to classrooms below it. FL 66 march 2012 Concrete international . Manufacturer: Hanson Hardscapes The Village of Palmetto Bay’s new municipal center was landscaped with 40. While most of the paving consists of tumbled pavers. Manufacturer: County Materials Corporation This patio anchors an outdoor display area for a landscaping business and serves as an entertainment area for customers and guests. MI. FL Contractor: Oliva Brick.

each with their own layout. Honorable Mention: Gott’s Court Parking Garden and Plaza. and a road running through the site. Engineered SRW: Texas DOT 130 Tollway Project. Segmental retaining wall More than 5. Permeable: The Plaza at Kenan Hall Flagler College. Honorable Mention: McCord’s Vancouver Toyota. precast caps. Contractor: Avon Corporation.000 Square Feet: Merriam Village.000 m2) of columns. Merriam. a car dealership. steps.000 Square Feet: Grand River Avenue Streetscape.Merriam Village. Contractor: Eastern States Paving. Merriam.000 ft2 (14. They used a manufacturer’s three-piece segmental retaining wall system in a color that both complemented the accent color on the bridges and mimicked the natural stone look of the Texas Hill Country. Inc. St. Other areas of the project include a paved plaza lined with palms and areas suitable for community events. tiers. FL Texas DOT 130 Tollway Project. The designer selected custom paver colors to surround the project’s sculpture in the main plaza—a compass rose in the form of a geometric palm. The five walls range in size from 30 to 60 ft (9 to 18 m). KS Palmetto bay Village hall. FL. MI. Palmetto bay. TX reduce costs while providing environmental benefits through its ability to filter water. The walls were also terraced to provide space to plant native vegetation. Concrete international march 2012 67 . Austin. The walls were installed in 12 different areas. several parking lots. Manufacturer: Midwest Block and Brick This project consists of five walls supporting municipal and commercial buildings and a roadway. and support a shopping center. Manufacturer: Pavestone Company To retain the steep embankments on three bridges along a section of the new SH 130 toll road. Contractor: Paverscape Inc. Vancouver. the walls serve both as a guardrail and as decoration by providing space for landscaping. It features over 150. a police station. Contractor: Decra-Scape. Augustine. WA. Annapolis. Inc. the Texas Department of Transportation implemented a series of terraced segmental retaining walls to make the slopes manageable. and many other forms of modular block. LLC. MD. Clay brick More than 15. KS Contractor: BC Hardscapes. Austin. Adjacent to the roadway. Farmington. TX Contractor: Boothe Brothers Paving.

and economic impacts of using concrete in sustainable development. cementitious material used primarily as backfill in place of compacted fill. Contractor: Wickenburg Landscape & Irrigation. Inc.Residential Winners Combination 4. WI. quality control. MA. and placing. PA.000 Square Feet: Curci Residence. $60 members This course provides an introduction to the subject of sustainability. 68 march 2012 Concrete international . Contractor: Livco Hardcsapes.000 Square Feet: Tuscany in the Desert. Concrete Sustainability: incorporating Environmental. Contractor: Switzer’s Nursery & Landscaping. Honorable Mention: Fairway Waterfall. Concrete Sustainability: Basics 0. Inc. Participants will study common definitions of sustainability. Paradise Valley. Lebanon. longevity. Honorable Mention: Gupta Residence. transporting. thermal mass. More than 3. Wickenburg. Inc. Contractor: Kane Landscapes. $60 members This course provides an in-depth study of topics related to the environmental. Minneapolis.15 CEu (1. including materials used to produce CLSM. Oklahoma City. among several others. Contractor: Landis Hardscape Specialist. GA. with a special emphasis on the concrete industry.000 Square Feet or less: Lowry Residence. For more information on the 2011 HNA Hardscape Project Awards.hardscapena. storm-water management. Contractor: Phoenix Paver Installation Company. $75 nonmembers. plastic and in-service properties. KS.5 PdH). eLearning now available: Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM) Fundamentals 0. Lone Tree. Contractor: Schneider & Sons Landscaping. Topics include the use of industrial by-products. OK. Honorable Mention: Weist Residence.15 CEu (1. visit www. Contractor: Treed You Right. Potomac. Concrete paver 3. Segmental retaining wall More than 1. proportioning. $80 nonmembers. This course covers the basics of CLSM technology. Contractor: Ideal Lawn & Landscape. CO. Contractor: Landis Hardscape Specialist. identify “greenwashing” in the marketplace. Linglestown. PICP Theien-Psotka Residence. AZ. $64 members CLSM (also known as flowable fill) is a self-consolidating. Keshena. social.5 PdH). and identify strategies for the integration of concrete in sustainable development. Contractor: Rocky Mountain Hardscapes.000 Square Feet: Miller Residence. mixing. and Economic aspects 0. Honorable Mention: Rowlands Residence. Contractor: Comak Brothers Landscapings. and heat-island effect. MN. More than 4. Warner Robins. Shawnee. Honorable Mention: Rawhide Trail Residence. North Reading. Inc. Social. understand the three pillars of sustainability. Honorable Mention: North Reading Pool Deck.000 Square Feet or less: Bradburn Residence. $75 nonmembers. also available: • Concrete Basics • Concrete Fundamentals • Concrete Field Testing Grade I Certification Training • Concrete Strength Testing Technician Training Visit our Web site: aCieLearning. PA. and common applications.2 CEu (2 PdH).

” The Fellows Nomination Committee selects those to be considered for the award and then forwards its recommendations to the Board of Direction for final action at each fall meeting of the Board. He has authored more than 100 technical papers and reports. Fairfax. or by petition signed by at least five current ACI members. local chapters. McCarthy. Frederick. ON. and a member of ACI 318-WA. TX. IL Nadim I. a Fellow is an individual who has made “outstanding contributions to the production or use of concrete materials. DE Victor Pizano-Thomen. A His research interests include the alkali-silica reaction of cementitious materials-aggregate combinations. PA James H. design. products. Munshi. Pasadena. Brookings. research. Canada 69 Concrete international march 2012 . Wehbe. ACI’s new Fellows are: Emilio Beltranena has been the Technical Advisor at the Cement and Concrete Institute of Guatemala in Guatemala City since October 2006. Head of the Guatemalan local sponsoring group for ACI Certification Programs in Guatemala. University Park. West. Concrete. construction. Gross. PA Adolfo B. The spring convention is scheduled for March 18-22 at the Hyatt Regency Dallas. CA Michelle R. ACI will recognize 28 members who have been honored with the rank of Fellow of the American Concrete Institute (FACI). Waterloo. VA Zongjin Li. Sanders. IN Jin-Keun Kim. Cement. the International Committee. He is a founding member and Past President of the ACI Guatemala Chapter. FL Christopher J. The ACI Board of Direction approved the nominations of this latest group of honorees at the ACI Fall 2011 Convention in Cincinnati. ACI’s Newest Fellows As approved by the ACI Board of Direction at the ACI Fall 2011 Convention in Cincinnati. first established by the Institute in 1973. the 28 members elevated to the rank of Fellow of the American Concrete Institute are: Emilio Beltranena. OH. Villanova. Terre Haute. VA Javeed A. Elwood. Republic of Korea Sue Lane. especially as a Professor of civil engineering at the University of San Carlos of Guatemala for 30 years and at the Rafael Landivar University of Guatemala for 15 years. Colombia Michael Christopher Forde. International Workshop—Structural Concrete in the Americas. which now works with four ACI programs. Hanson. VanGeem. Including the new honorees. He is also a member of ASTM Committees C01. Vancouver. CA J. Mount Prospect. OH. Edinburgh. 700 members have attained the rank of FACI. Nokken. the corrosion of concrete reinforcement. China Maria del Mar Lopez de Murphy. BC. KS Daniel J. Hong Kong. VA Kenneth J. As stated in the ACI bylaws. He promoted the organization of five ACI student chapters in Guatemala and has been promoting the adoption and use of ACI and ASTM International standards in Guatemala since 1954. Nominations may come from the committee itself. development. Canada Michael J. and structures in the areas of education. Lawrence. Hauppauge. Doral. Santo Domingo. Rocky Mount. Orlando. SD Jeffrey S. FL Michael Carey Brown. IA Martha G. Boca Raton. Montreal. NY Arthur W. McKinney. or management. Irvine. V. and the use of highperformance/high-strength concrete. More information on the convention can be found at www. Daejeon. Matamoros. Mount Vernon. West Lafayette. Charlottesville. QC. Wilmington. Edward Sauter. Paul. FL George Michael Robinson. and C09.The New Fellows of AcI Twenty-eight members will be awarded at the spring convention t the ACI Spring 2012 Convention in Dallas. Dominican Republic Santiago Pujol. The new Fellows will be introduced during the Opening Session and Awards Program on March 18. Ashland. IN D. Medellín. Robinson. MD Suzanne Dow Nakaki. NC Joseph Reddy.aciconvention. Canada Josef Farbiarz. UK Shawn P.

Urbana. Farbiarz received his MS in civil engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. He also serves as a Visiting Assistant Professor and an Adjunct Lecturer of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Virginia. CA.beltranena brown Elwood Farbiarz Forde Beltranena received his BS in civil engineering from the University of San Carlos of Guatemala in 1955. Reinforced Concrete Columns. in 1985. and Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 343. in 1993. Elwood received his BASc from the University of British Columbia. Edinburgh. and his PhD in civil (structural) engineering from the University of California. Colombia. He is the author of two books and numerous research papers. Elwood is an Associate Professor at the University of British Columbia. Berkeley. Michael Carey Brown is an Associate Director at the Virginia Center for Transportation Innovation and Research (VCTIR). Vancouver. Gross is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at . Blacksburg. and rehabilitation of highway bridges and structures. He has authored or co-authored over 40 research papers or reports. 1995. He is Chair of ACI Committee 345. IL. 70 march 2012 Concrete international His research interests include the seismic response of existing concrete buildings. with particular emphasis on the preservation. Canada. Josef Farbiarz has been an Associate Professor and Director of the Centre of Projects and Investigation on Seismicity at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia at Medellín. Seismic Provisions. He received the ACI Chester Paul Siess Award for Excellence in Structural Research in 2007. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and the ASCE Structural Engineering Institute (SEI). respectively. and PhD in civil engineering from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Maintenance. Nondestructive Testing of Concrete. in 1966. 365. 228. maintenance. Concrete Bridge Construction. He is a chartered civil and electrical engineer in the UK. Nondestructive Testing of Concrete. his MSc in highway and traffic engineering. and plastic design and behavior of dual systems. Berkeley. Austin. 1999. since 1993. Shawn P. Kenneth J. 1970. He is a licensed professional engineer in Virginia. the research division of the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT). and is a member of ACI Committees 222. and Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 441. Michael Christopher Forde holds the Carillion Chair of Civil Engineering Construction at the University of Edinburgh. England. He is a member of ACI Committee 314. Charlottesville. Simplified Design of Concrete Buildings. Service Life Prediction. and a member of ACI Subcommittee 318-H. 342. Scotland. Medellín. VA. Birmingham. and his PhD in geomechanics from the University of Birmingham. He is a licensed professional engineer in Guatemala. VA. TX. and 1975. and 2002. and Repair. Liverpool. and 2002. MS. Forde received his BEng in civil engineering from the University of Liverpool. where he has been a faculty member for nearly 40 years. Evaluation of Concrete Bridges and Bridge Elements. structural and nonstructural masonry earthquakeresistant behavior. his MS from the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign. His research interests include the design and durability of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. Seismic Repair and Rehabilitation. Corrosion of Metals in Concrete. respectively. in 1991. BC. where he has worked for the past 10 years and oversees research in the design and durability of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. UK. Brown received his BS. He is Chair of ACI Committee 228. Concrete Bridge Design. He is Chair of ACI Committee 369. respectively. His research interests include structural inelastic analysis modeling. His research interests include nondestructive testing of concrete and other construction materials and high-speed rail trackbed.

He is a licensed professional engineer in New York and Indiana. Faculty Achievement Award in 2007. Moore. IL. LA. respectively. analysis. and masonry at both the undergraduate and graduate levels for the past 13 years. prestressed concrete. and a member of ACI Committee 440. and the serviceability performance of reinforced and prestressed concrete members. in 1975. Ithaca. James H. He is a licensed structural engineer in Korea. High-Strength Concrete. Evanston. He has authored or co-authored over 50 technical and educational papers and reports and has served as the primary research advisor to more than 20 graduate students. He has served on the faculty since 1999 and is a member of the Structural Engineering Group. Hanson is an Assistant Professor of civil engineering at the Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in Terre Haute. and his PhD in civil engineering from Northwestern University. Seoul. the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). She is a member of ACI Committee 239. 1978. and design of structural concrete. He has been teaching for over 11 years. respectively. Kim received his BS and MS in architectural engineering from Seoul National University. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Fracture Mechanics of Concrete. PA. He has authored or co-authored over 170 technical papers. since 1985. and Publications Committees. and 440. TX. He is also a member of the ACI Student and Young Professional Activities (SYPAC). Korea. Concrete Bridge Design. PA. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement. in 1993. She has authored or co-authored over 25 technical papers and reports. IN. Prestressed Concrete. FRP-Reinforced Concrete. and ASTM International. Hanson received his BS in civil engineering from Cornell University. especially the use of fiberreinforced polymers as internal structural reinforcement. He is Chair of ACI Subcommittee 440-H. in 1991. She is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and the Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI). and 1985. He served as Secretary of the ACI Korea Chapter from 1988 to 1989. Lane received her MS and BS in civil engineering from Concrete international march 2012 71 . and 423. After 4 years in the military. and his MSE and PhD in civil engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. and Joint ACI-ASCE Committees 343. His research interests include the behavior. Gross received his BSE in civil engineering from Tulane University. Secretary of ACI Committee 435. Lewisburg. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and the Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI). Austin. Deflection of Concrete Building Structures. He received the ACI Young Member Award for Professional Achievement in 2006 and the ACI Walter P. Prestressed Concrete.S. Jin-Keun Kim has been a Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). Korea.Gross hanson Kim Lane Li Villanova University. including 2 years as a visiting faculty member at Bucknell University. New Orleans. NY. he returned to Cornell and received his MEng and PhD in 1996 and 2000. Daejeon. 1995. His research interests include measuring the fracture properties of concrete and improving student learning through innovative approaches to teaching. Secretary of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 446. He served as an officer and later President of the Korea Concrete Institute. respectively. Sue Lane is the Development and Outreach Engineer of the Long-Term Bridge Performance Program for the U. Teaching Methods and Educational Materials. He is Chair of ACI Committee S802. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement. and 1998. Villanova. Department of Transportation’s Federal Highway Administration. and a member of ACI Committees 363. He has taught structural design courses in reinforced concrete. Past Secretary and a member of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 423. Ultra-High Performance Concrete. Convention. Jr.

Shear and Torsion. He has also edited two conference proceedings and published over 300 technical papers. He is a licensed professional engineer in Hong Kong. She is a licensed professional engineer in Virginia. Zongjin Li is a Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. and functional materials in civil engineering. Hong Kong. respectively. His research interests include reinforced concrete columns. respectively. Architectural. Cali. 1994. Hongzhou. Evanston. Matamoros received his licentiate from the University of Costa Rica. Lawrence. PA. Costa Rica. Simplified Design of Concrete Buildings. development of advanced building products using extrusion technique. and Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 446. She is a member of ACI Committees 440. nondestructive testing in civil engineering (acoustic emission. She is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). and her MS and PhD in civil engineering from the University of Michigan. Ann Arbor. Matamoros is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil. and his MS and PhD in civil engineering from the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign. and impact echo). and Environmental Engineering at the University of Kansas. Hauppauge. IL. Colombia. Development and Splicing of Deformed Bars. Fiber-Reinforced Concrete. He is the Chief Scientist for Key National Basic Research Project #973: Basic Study on Environmentally Friendly Contemporary Concrete. in 1982.S. He has authored or co-authored three technical books. seismic evaluation of older reinforced concrete buildings. shear. including Advanced Concrete Technology and Structural Renovation in Concrete.. in 1993 and 1995. University Park. He is a member of ACI Committees 314. and his MS and PhD from Northwestern University. and 544. Lopez de Murphy received a civil engineering degree and an advanced degree in structural engineering from the Universidad del Valle. 341. China. high-strength concrete. infrared. Daniel J. specifically the use of fiber-reinforced polymer sheets or plates for retrofitting concrete structures. University Park. Reinforced Concrete Columns. and ACI ad hoc Committee 423-445. He is Chair of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 408. Maria del Mar Lopez de Murphy is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Pennsylvania State University. Inc. development of high-performance concrete. and Joint ACI-ASCE Committees 441. 1990. Seismic Repair and Rehabilitation. and 1993. China. and 1999. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement. She received the National Science Foundation Faculty CAREER 72 march 2012 Concrete international Development Award and a Best Basic Research Paper Award from ASCE. He was awarded three U. respectively. Urbana. where she has been on the faculty since 2003. respectively. KS. in 1996 and 2000. and simulations of the nonlinear response of reinforced concrete structures. She has served as Session Organizer and Chair at national and international conferences and as a leader of several ACI task group efforts. McCarthy is Vice President of Engineering and Construction Performance at Preload. PA. in 1989. and 369. He specializes in the design and construction of large wire-wrapped prestressed . Preliminary Design and Economic Impact. He is founding President of the ACI China Chapter and serves as the Director of the chapter Board. San Pedro. where he has worked since 1996.Lopez de Murphy Matamoros Mccarthy McKinney Munshi the Pennsylvania State University. and five Chinese patents—three of which have been developed into commercial products. He is an editorial board member for five international journals. and 445. He has authored or co-authored over 50 technical papers and reports. ACI Subcommittee 314-B. Shear/Anchorage Failure in End Regions of Prestressed Members. NY. Li received his BE from Zhejiang University. China. Earthquake-Resistant Concrete Bridges. Fracture Mechanics of Concrete. His research interests include the durability of concrete. Her research interests include nontraditional materials and technologies for repair and retrofit systems and new structures. Adolfo B. IL. MI.

Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures. Los Angeles. India. 349. Frederick. Editorial. respectively. and 1994. Indiana. CA. In addition. Seismic Provisions. and Utah and a licensed structural engineer in Illinois. 374. 1989. NY. Concrete Chimneys. McKinney is the Chairman of McKinney and Company. Circular Concrete Structures Prestressed by Wrapping with Wire or Strand. Simplified Design of Concrete Buildings. working with research institutions nationwide. He serves as a national instructor for the ACI seminar series on “Design and Construction of Slabs-on-Ground.” McKinney received his BS in architectural engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. She is a member of ACI Subcommittee 318-H. He is a Past Chair and member of ACI Committee 360.. and construction of concrete structures.Nakaki Nokken Paul Pizano-Thomen Pujol concrete tanks with dome roofs and their foundations. MD. Arthur W. Precast-Prestressed. and ACI Subcommittee 350-H. He is a member of ACI Committees 307. bridges. architecture. 314. and construction firm he founded in 1979 with offices in Virginia and the Republic of Panama. and his MS in civil engineering from Columbia University. underground structures (tunnels). Roorkee. and ACI Subcommittee. CA. Georgia. VA. respectively. He has over 20 years of experience in the design. Storrs. He is a licensed professional engineer in Virginia. in 1965. Texas. He also supervises the structural evaluation and rehabilitation design for aging prestressed tanks—up to 70 years old—a specialty he has been involved in since 1982. she is involved in academic research programs. respectively. He is a licensed professional engineer in New York and Wisconsin and a licensed structural engineer in Illinois. Her research interests include the seismic design of precast and cast-in-place building structural systems. CT. He has conducted concrete design seminars and training for ACI. Shrinkage Compensating Concrete and Industrial Floor Slabs. Strength Evaluation. and published over 60 papers. in 1981 and 1990. Design of Slabs on Ground. 350. Irvine. evaluation. engineering. Blacksburg. states. and laboratories. IL. in 1981 and 1985. and ACI Subcommittee 350-E. contributed to seven books/design aids for concrete. Nakaki received her BS in engineering and her MS in civil engineering from the University of California. Suzanne Dow Nakaki is Principal of the Nakaki Bashaw Group. He is a licensed professional engineer in 31 U. The firm has a successful international practice in logistics centers. data centers. with most of her construction projects located in California. He is a member of ACI Committees 350. and 437. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). McKinney introduced load-bearing tilt-up construction in the Republic of Panama. Tolerances. She is a licensed civil and structural engineer in California and Oregon. Inc. India. 301-G. He is Chair of ACI Committee 372. She is also involved with the Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI). Louisiana. Strength Evaluation of Existing Concrete Structures. Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures. and renewable power projects. testing. environmental concrete structures. Munshi received his BS in civil engineering from the National Institute of Technology. Concrete international march 2012 73 . He has authored or co-authored six technical papers. in 1984. a full-service planning. Construction of Concrete Floors. Chicago. and 302. and his PhD from the Illinois Institute of Technology. Munshi is Principal Engineer and Concrete Design Technical Specialist at Bechtel Power.S. Kentucky. Florida. McCarthy received his BS in civil engineering from the University of Connecticut. Concrete Nuclear Structures. She has been a practicing structural engineer for over 30 years. Javeed A. Performance-Based Seismic Design of Concrete Buildings. manufacturing facilities. Los Angeles. and 437. his MS in earthquake engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology. including heavy industrial (fossil and nuclear) power structures. and a member of ACI Committees 117. New York.

and his MS in civil engineering and MArch from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Concrete Aesthetics. NY. 533. displacement- . and ASTM International. and waterfront projects since 2005. Reinforced Concrete Columns. He has authored over 20 technical papers on precast concrete structures and has made five presentations at ACI conventions and numerous presentations in the Dominican Republic and Mexico on the seismic design of precast concrete structures. where she has been a faculty member since 2004. published in 2010 by the U. since 1970. serving on the editorial panel of the Journal of Leadership and Management in Engineering. and 236. Shear and Torsion. Her research interests include concrete durability. His research interests include earthquake engineering. She is a member of ACI Committees S803. Civil and Environmental Engineering at Concordia University. Green Concrete Council. respectively. Troy. a registered architect in New Jersey. ON. and construction engineering on institutional. and 555. architectural. Cambridge. She is a Past Vice President and Board member of the ACI Ontario Chapter. Durability of Concrete. Cement. He is a Past Chair of Committee 124. in 1973 and 1981. Material Science of Concrete. MA. He has been a member of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 550.S. and the development of test methods. Michael J. robinson G. in 1999 and 2004. 231. Philadelphia. Performance of Buildings. History of Concrete. 201. respectively. where he has been involved in structural. He is a member of ACI Committee 314. She is a professional engineer in Ontario. NH. DE. and 445. Concrete and Concrete Aggregates. and six other states.reddy c. Toronto. Montreal. He is a licensed civil engineer in the Dominican Republic. Canada. Santo Domingo. Controlled Low-Strength Materials. respectively. serving on Committee E06. Delaware. and C09. Nokken is an Associate Professor in the Department of Building. IN. Dominican Republic. Paul is Lead Structural Engineer at Duffield Associates. robinson Sanders Sauter Michelle R. Pizano-Thomen received his degree in civil engineering from the University of Santo Domingo. commercial. and Joint ACI-ASCE Committees 441. She is an Associate Editor for the ASCE Journal of Materials of Civil Engineering and a member of ASTM Committees C01. He has contributed several articles to Concrete International on projects involving the renovation or restoration of historic concrete structures and served on the editorial panel for both volumes of 74 march 2012 Concrete international The Sustainable Concrete Guide. West Lafayette. 229. New Jersey. transport processes. PA. He received his AB from Dartmouth College. Precast Panels. He is a licensed professional engineer in Pennsylvania. QC. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Santiago Pujol is an Associate Professor at Purdue University. seismic vulnerability of existing structures. for which he continues to edit the “Notable Concrete” series produced for ACI conventions and excerpted in Concrete International. He is a member of the ACI Marketing Committee and ACI Committees 120. Simplified Design of Concrete Buildings. Some of the design-build activities he has executed include precast prestressed concrete electrical transmission and electronic antenna towers and precast concrete low-cost housing. Canada. and Wilmington. he was a founding member and Past President of the ACI Dominican Republic Chapter. Soil Cement. 230. Faculty Network Coordinating Committee. Properties of Concrete at Early Ages. and a LEED Accredited Professional in building design and construction. and his MCE in civil engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Concrete with Recycled Materials. Nokken received her BASc and PhD in civil engineering from the University of Toronto. Victor Pizano-Thomen heads a design-build precast concrete factory in the Dominican Republic. A member of ACI since 1958. Precast Concrete Structures. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). industrial. in 1957 and 1958. Hanover.

environmental and geomatics engineering and Director of the Center for Marine Structures and Geotechnique at Florida Atlantic University. 211. Colombia. D. a general building contractor specializing in concrete buildings based in Pasadena. UK. 1954. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). instrumentation and testing of structures. Tolerances. 301. for 25 years. Evaluation of Results of Tests Used to Determine the Strength of Concrete. He is a member of ACI Committees 214. He is a member of the SDC Technology Transfer Advisory Group (TTAG). He serves as an examiner for ACI certification programs in Florida and throughout the Caribbean. and 549. Construction Inspector Certification. Christopher J. and E905. C630. Field Technician Certification. and 2002. 544. He serves on the ACI Board of Direction and the ACI Strategic Development Council (SDC) Board of Directors. Manufactured Masonry Units. Proportioning Concrete Mixtures. Laboratory Technician Certification. Training Programs. and 302. Sanders is the Senior Vice President of Operations for Charles Pankow Builders. Masonry Testing Technician. St. Pujol received his BS from the Universidad Nacional de Colombia at Medellín. the ACI Foundation. Robinson is Executive Director of the Construction Materials Engineering Council (CMEC). FL. FL. Earthquake-Resistant Concrete Bridges. Boca Raton. FL. Reddy received his BE in civil engineering from the University of Madras. His professorial career exceeds 50 years. Petersburg. V. West Lafayette. and his PhD in structural engineering from the University of Liverpool. and the SDC Technology Management Committee (TMC).VanGeem Wehbe West based seismic design. respectively. Concrete Transportation Construction Inspector Certification. respectively. CA.and fire-resistant structural concretes. Robinson received his BA in business management from Eckerd College. including appointments at several other universities. Joseph C. and corrosion. with offices in San Francisco and Honolulu. offshore and coastal structures. Tampa. London. Robinson received his BS and MS in civil engineering from the University of South Florida. He is a licensed professional engineer in Florida. FiberReinforced Concrete. Mortars and Grouts for Unit Masonry. 341. He is a member of ACI Committees 117. He is Chair of the ACI Concrete Research Council (CRC). Ltd. FL. and response of structures to impulsive loads. Liverpool. and C620. Reddy is a Professor of civil. C12. in 1996. Concrete and Concrete Aggregates. and E36. Medellín. His research interests include internal curing with lightweight aggregate. and 1960.. He received the ACI Singapore Chapter Award for an Outstanding and Original Paper in 2009. Lightweight Aggregate and Concrete. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and ASTM International and serves on ASTM Committees C09. IL. in 1992 and 2000. a training and accreditation agency based in Orlando. with a focus on supplementary cementitious materials. C631. 1956. He is Chair of ACI Committees C601-C. UK. concrete technology. His research interests include computational and experimental structural mechanics and geomechanics. C15. 213. Accreditation and Certification. He is a member of ACI Committees C610. India. the ACI Construction Concrete international march 2012 75 . respectively. in 1975. his MS in civil engineering from Northwestern University. George Michael Robinson has been eastern region Territory Manager and Senior Technical Consultant for the Carolina Stalite Company in Rocky Mount. Specifications for Concrete. Thin Reinforced Cementitious Products and Ferrocement. and his MS and PhD from Purdue University. Construction of Concrete Floors. 1997. Chennai. Evanston. His research interests include training and certification of testing personnel and working to ensure the continued advancement of testing and inspection agencies in the areas of quality system development and accreditation. in 1953. his Diploma of the Imperial College of Science and Technology. NC. IN.

Strength Evaluation of Existing Concrete Structures. Winnipeg. and 1997. Martha G. accelerated bridge construction. She presents on various aspects of green buildings and has authored over 100 articles. His research interests include the use of recycled materials in concrete. 76 march 2012 Concrete international in 1976 and 1981. Residential Concrete Work. and 342. She is a member of ACI Committees 130. His research interests include new technologies. and a member of the Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI). Residential Concrete Above-Grade Walls. She serves as a Project Principal Investigator and Specialized Consultant in the areas of green buildings and infrastructure. in 1972. Nadim I. Tilt-Up Constructor Certification. Ames. Wehbe received his BE in civil engineering from the American University of Beirut. Sustainability of Concrete. thermal mass. in 1980. He is also the Associate Director. 222. Waterloo. He is a licensed professional architect in Iowa and is National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) certified. Sauter received his BArch from Iowa State University. Jeffrey S. Corrosion of Metals in Concrete. Fire Resistance and Fire Protection of Structures. energy codes. reports. SD. . and his PhD in civil engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. He was instrumental in establishing the Lohr Structures Laboratory for large-scale testing of structural elements and assemblies at SDSU. Austin. He has authored more than 60 technical publications for refereed journals. In the area of sustainability. and his MS and PhD in civil engineering from the University of Nevada. Tilt-Up Concrete Construction. Canada. He has been involved with structural engineering. 341. and publications. composite concrete/lightgauge steel structures. where he joined the faculty in January 1998. Lebanon. and consulting for 20 years. 1992. NV. 1994. EarthquakeResistant Concrete Bridges. His research interests include the performance of concrete bridges under extreme loads. MB. is a member and Past Chair of ACI Committees 332. Reno. J. TX. and a member of ACI Committees S803. and automated construction progress tracking. Precast Concrete Structures. IN. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). and 216. assessment and repair of deteriorated concrete infrastructure. Sanders received his BS in civil engineering from Purdue University. and is a member of ACI Subcommittee 130-G. and Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 550. respectively. He is a licensed professional engineer in South Dakota. Urbana. and other construction products. Sustainability of Concrete. He is Chair of ACI Subcommittee 332-E.Liaison Committee. Bloem Distinguished Service Award in 2005 and the ACI Certification award in 2008. Faculty Network Coordinating Committee. VanGeem received her BS in civil engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. and Joint ACI-TMS Committees 122. IL. Technical Activities. and conferences. IA. and the Marketing Committee. West received his BSc and MSc in civil engineering from the University of Manitoba. Building Information Modeling of Concrete Structures. He is a licensed professional engineer in Ontario and Texas (inactive). technical papers. Beirut. in 1979. for the Centre for Pavement and Transportation Technology (CPATT) at Waterloo. materials research. Cracking. Brookings. West is an Associate Professor and Associate Chair of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Waterloo. and durability of concrete pavement. the Responsibility in Construction Committee. and 1999. He is Chair of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 441. energy efficiency. IL. she serves as Principal Investigator on LEED projects and others. He received the ACI Delmar L. Chicago. and a member of ACI Committees 130. She is a licensed professional engineer in Illinois and a LEED Accredited Professional. VanGeem is self-employed as a Principal Engineer of Building Science and Green Technologies. and moisture mitigation. and 551. and her MBA from the University of Chicago. Energy Efficiency of Concrete and Masonry Systems. West Lafayette. He was involved in the development and application of the precast hybrid moment resistant frame. Edward Sauter has been Executive Director of the Tilt-Up Concrete Association and the Concrete Foundations Association for 20 years. and 437. and 207. Canada. concrete. respectively. is Secretary and Past Chair of ACI Committee C650. Education/Certification. ACI Committee 131. a founding member of the ASCE-SEI Technical Group in South Dakota. He serves as the SDSU Program Director of the Mountain-Plains Consortium University Transportation Center. He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). she has developed environmental life-cycle inventories (LCIs) and life-cycle assessments (LCAs) of cement. Mount Prospect. Evaluation of Concrete Bridges and Bridge Elements. IL. He is Chair of ACI Committee 224. in 1991. She has investigated moisture problems and performed energy analyses and testing for numerous concrete steeland wood-framed buildings. She is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and ASTM International. ON. Mass Concrete. structural applications of self-consolidating concrete. Reinforced Concrete Columns. Wehbe is a Professor of civil and environmental engineering at South Dakota State University (SDSU). respectively.

45 lb (0. To install. by the American Concrete Institute.makitatools. (19 mm) on the Bosch Sandwich Tuckpointing Diamond Blade Bosch’s new tuckpointing blades combine tall segments with an efficient sandwich blade design to create a long-lasting blade that is capable of grinding more surface area than other blades. and features a large lip for stable plunging. They are published here simply as a service to our readers.boschtools. suppliers. —Dayton Superior www. —Bosch Tools www.5 to 5 in. —Makita www. The flanged coupling units in this system are forged from ASTM A615 or ASTM A706 deformed reinforcing bar material and are available in sizes No. the flange is attached to formwork through any of the four predrilled holes. 4 through 11 (13 to 36 mm). blade. The guard is made from cast aluminum.75 in. Once the form has been removed. These eightsegment blades are made exclusively for dry tuckpointing applications and come in 4.daytonsuperior. Typical applications include mortar removal in brick buildings and grout removal in commercial tile applications. (31 mm) on the 5 in. a slim design for multiple uses. combines the company’s Dowel Bar. and a direct-connection dust port for use with most commercial vacuum hoses. a taperthreaded mechanical splicing system. or developers who are responsible for the accuracy of the information. (6 mm) wide and cutting depths range from 0.5 and 5 in. a D370 Taper-Lock threaded bar can be manually screwed into the coupling until tight.25 in. weighing 0. Each blade is 0. the descriptions of these items do not represent endorsement by this magazine.5 in. blade to 1. (115 to 125 mm) grinders. or any of its staff.2 kg). and Taper-Lock technologies. Concrete international march 2012 77 .com Dust Collecting Cutting Guards Makita released two new dust extraction solutions for use with their 4. Also. A guard is also available with a large shoe for greater stability and accuracy and includes a hose Information on the items reported in “Products & Practice” is furnished by the product manufacturers.25 in. Dowel-In Splicing System. The new Dust Collecting Guards are engineered for improved dust containment and use with commercial-grade vacuum systems. (115 and 125 mm) diameters.Products & Taper-Lock Form Saver Practice Dayton Superior’s Taper-Lock® Form Saver.

Pundit Lab+ also includes the Windows-based Pundit Link software for added features when using the equipment with a Infrasense Combines Testing Equipment for Better Results Infrasense. Many agencies use only one of these methods. completed subsurface investigations for 21 bridge decks in southwest Wisconsin using a suite of nondestructive testing equipment. Infrared data creates image that can confirm the presence of delamination in decks without overlays and impact echo testing can detect it in thicker concrete or where the reinforcing bars are farther from the surface. They are available in a range of deck configurations and some models include digital scale instruments.8 to 21. Proceq launched Pundit Lab+ as the latest addition to the Pundit family of concrete testing instruments. and efficient shock absorbers. All feature interchangeable plates (9 in.Products & Practice GWT Vibratory Weigh Scale Packers GWT grid-top. a time stamp on every measurement. and improved and extended transducer range to include shear wave transducers for testing Poisson’s ratio and modulus of elasticity.proceq. and impact echo. weighing. —Chicago Pneumatic www. including ground-penetrating radar (GPR). without needing a computer. Available in mild or stainless steel. compacting. The GWT packer is designed to eliminate the need to manually move containers as it lifts each container to the appropriate height while running the needed vibration cycle. [229 mm] on the smaller models. and conveying containers of bulk solids with capacities as high as 4000 lb (1800 kg)..cp. whereas weak or inconsistent reflections suggest deterioration. —Proceq www.clevelandvibrator. a strong metal frame. The company uses GPR to estimate the depth of reinforcing bars and to identify corrosion—a strong reflection indicates good deck condition. the MS 620 and MS 680 both offer power most often found on larger machines.4 kN). these packers mount below conveyor rollers. [280 mm] on all others). the largest and strongest in Chicago Pneumatic’s line. 11 in. results on Pundit Lab+ Chicago Pneumatic Tampers Chicago Pneumatic Tampers range in weight from 137 to 185 lb (62 to 84 kg) and provide centrifugal force from about 3000 to 4800 lb (14. —Cleveland Vibrator Company www. New features have been added to expand the capabilities of the original Pundit Lab. Inc. The tests provided a condition assessment of the reinforced concrete bridge decks without requiring any cores or exposed reinforcing bars and with minimal interruption of traffic flow.infrasense. allowing containers to be transported directly onto its grid top deck. www. but Infrasense has found that using the combination leads to more accurate results. The MS 840. Driven by Honda 78 march 2012 Concrete international . infrared thermography. vibratory weigh scale packers from Cleveland Vibrator Company provide a complete solution for filling. an integrated amplifier. Pundit Lab+ includes compressive strength measurement (in-place estimation) using various methods of testing to increase accuracy. has the best compaction ability and runs on a Hatz diesel engine. —Infrasense.

Zenobia To succeed and be competitive. and information to assist the reader in addressing the challenges facing civil engineers in the real world. including construction management. with the Spanish site. John Wiley & Sons. Now. is designed to provide valuable content to construction professionals looking to enhance their careers or businesses. teamwork. and feature boxes. it is intended for junior-. quality. as well as opportunities for the listener to learn about new technologies and ways to enhance their careers and businesses in the construction sector. life outside work.wiley. problems. Additionally. Project Manager at Remontech. where users can choose to listen to it online or download it to their computer audio software or MP3 player. —James Instruments.. BlackBerry Podcasts. it aims to increase its brand connections with Spanish-speaking customers and be able to provide its services to professionals across Latin America in their native language.ndtjames. compensation. and graduate-level students. Cesar Abeid. brings the audience fresh perspectives and tips. and price in a client-oriented profession. To access the Web price: $135. green building. 744 pp. along with insights from a variety of customers. Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice takes the practical skills defined by the ASCE BOK and provides techniques. charts. senior-.ndtjames. partners. ethics. The podcast can be found at www. a leader in nondestructive testing equipment. Episodes cover a range of topics. and students. or by e-mail.remontech. Inc. Listeners can also subscribe via iTunes.. civil engineers must build on their traditional strengths in technology and science as well as skills in management. These skills have been defined as essential to the successful practice of civil engineering by the ASCE Body of Knowledge (BOK) Task Force. This book is a complete guide for professional civil engineers. The Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice is appropriate for both academia and industry professionals. This is an effort to share what Remontech has learned during 10 years of experience in the construction industry. safety. case examples. visit Concrete international march 2012 Products&Service Literature&Videos Remontech Launches the “Construction Industry Podcast” 79 . The company launched a new site in 2010 as a step toward strengthening its brand by Karen Lee Hansen and Kent E.. launched their Spanish-language Web site to accommodate their customers and distributors in Latin America and other parts of the Spanish-speaking world. www. ISBN: 9780470438411 Book Notes Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice The Construction Industry Podcast. covering everything from the challenge of sustainability to the rigors of problem recognition and solving. and a glossary and instructor’s guide to assist with in-class use and instruction. quotes. Web site: www. Coverage includes: the 24 skills necessary for the practice of civil engineering and defined by the 2008 ASCE BOK.. —Remontech www. Inc.Products & Practice Web Notes James Instruments Launches Spanish Web Site James Instruments Inc. proven methods for balancing Inc. produced by Remontech. and education. leadership. and communication. hundreds of drawings. guidance on balancing career goals. and industry analysts and interviews on the latest trends in the construction sector. and growth. the book is a helpful reference for practicing civil engineers. Used as a textbook.

engineered for mixing into fast-curing polishable overlays.KraftTool.ameripolish. and concrete décor or restoration. or dyed surfaces. and then successfully removed. —W. in 12 colors. www. overlays.wrmeadows. (300 to 660 mm) and features a lightweight ergonomic handle. and AmeriPolish OS Cleaner. AmeriPolish WB OS Stain Protector. VOC-compliant floor sealer. Dual-action technology provides both penetrating and film-forming concrete protection and is designed for use on previously sealed. to protect floors. Nonadhesive Stencils Artcrete’s nonadhesive concrete stencils create the look of stamped concrete without the expense. Inc.artcrete. an adhesive-backed stencil is available for use with trowel-applied coatings or when finishing a vertical surface. www. Inc. BELLATRIX may also be used wherever a durable. formulated to clean floors while maintaining gloss. This tool’s flexible blade is ideal for smoothing coatings in new construction. Squeegee Trowel BELLATRIX BELLATRIX concrete protection. Meadows. stained. impressed into the surface. offering deep-penetration hardening and containing UV stabilizers to protect color. AmeriPolish OS Dyes. Kraft Tool Co. high-gloss surface is desired.Product Showcase AmeriPolish OS Decorative concrete Products The new AmeriPolish® OS suite of products brings color and polish to self-leveling overlays. —American Decorative Concrete www. the stencil can be placed on fresh concrete.R. that penetrate into dense overlay surfaces. is an environmentally friendly.®’s Squeegee Trowel comes in various blade sizes from 12 to 26 in. from W. —Kraft Tool 80 march 2012 Concrete international . AmeriPolish OS Densifier. The system consists of five products: AmeriPolish OS Integral Color. When combined with the use of colored concrete hardener. The stencils come in 21 designs and can also be used with decorative concrete overlays. —Artcrete.

Crystal Shine is a lacquer sealer developed for interior and exterior applications. LIFETIME can withstand up to 8 lb (3. Clear Acrylic Concrete Sealers work well on bare concrete and Mason’s Select Products Mason’s Select Products are ideal for exterior surfaces and most are made to resist stains. —Lythic Duet Colors Lythic Solutions’ Duet Colors™ can be combined with the company’s Lythic™ Densifier to speed the process of coloring and polishing concrete.Product Showcase LIFETIME Primer LIFETIME Primer is a proprietary epoxy primer formulated to wick deep into concrete. Transparent Acrylic Concrete Stain penetrates concrete to increase performance and is available in 10 SpecChem Signature Sealers SpecChem offers a wide line of protective coatings for concrete.superdeck. Epoxacryl Solid Color Concrete Stain offers the durability of epoxy with the easy application of latex and comes in five colors that can be mixed. the water-based dyes are designed to be mixed with Lythic Densifier to bond the color right into the concrete. The primer bonds to damp or dry concrete and usually dries within 4 hours. oils.6 kg) of pressure from moisture vapor emission. creating an adhesion bond to protect overlayments from failures caused by moisture vapor emission. auto fluids. Inc. natural stone. —Versatile Building Products www. Available in 25 Concrete international march 2012 81 . Aqua Shine is a water-based methacrylate cure and sealer for surfaces such as exposed aggregate. —SpecChem LLC www. and hot-tire pickup. that provides a durable clear film.decorativeconcretesystem. including decorative surfaces. Decorative Color Flakes/Chips can be used with the Epoxacryl stain to enhance concrete and come in three colors. making colors bolder and eliminating a step in concrete preparation. including dirt. and can be used over acrylicand acid-based stains. and chemicals. Among them. and other concrete surfaces and offers high-gloss protection from deicing salts. www. brick. —Duckback Products www.

) after placing the slab to accommodate some superimposed dead load and live load.” “Specifications for Tolerances for Concrete Construction and Materials (ACI 117-10) and Commentary” requires a minus thickness tolerance of 1/4 in. AISC states that for a typical office building. The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the American Concrete Institute. Modern Steel Construction. Brentwood Blvd. AISC. that provides the dead load deflection to offset the design engineer’s specified camber. Modern Steel Construction. beams with lengths less than 24 ft. The economical use of cambered steel beams is considered standard practice (“Economical Use of Cambered Steel Beams” by Larson and Huzzard. AISC states: “All parties involved should meet and agree upon the best approach for the project.ascconline. camber. Suite 105 St. However. Camber measurements are taken in the shop in the unstressed condition and there is likely to be a loss in camber. The objectives of this steel-concrete system are to obtain a level floor and a slab thickness within tolerances as the fresh concrete is placed and screeded on the metal decking supported by the cambered steel beams. Fax: (314) 968-4367 Web site: www. Consider specifying 2/3 to 3/4 of the calculated camber.” by Carter et al. contact your ASCC concrete contractor or the ASCC Technical Hotline at (800) 331-0668. AISC.. Louis. even with perfectly executed design and construction. Reader comment is invited. there will be variations in floor elevation. Even for a design executed perfectly. To accomplish these objectives requires the dead load deflection of the concrete to offset the induced camber in the steel beam. as a result of transporting the steel from the shop to the site. E-mail: ascc@ascconline. the finished concrete floor elevation may be too high or too low. July 2006. Don’t specify camber of less than 3/4 in. It does not. include the following guidelines for designers specifying camber in steel beams: Don’t specify camber for spandrel beams. and allows for a specified flatness • • • • oncrete floors placed on metal decking are often supported by unshored cambered structural steel beams. AISC.. it is preferable to have a small amount of camber remain (about 1/2 in. 2003) and requires the concrete contractor to place a constant slab thickness. If you have any questions. Conference Proceedings. perhaps 25%.American Society of Concrete Contractors Position Statement #39 c concrete Floor Slabs on cambered Structural Steel AISC specifications indicate that a measured camber ranging from 3/4 to 1-1/2 in. 82 march 2012 Concrete international . there will be variations in the floor elevation. MO 63144 Telephone: (314) 962-0210. or beams with cantilevers or beams in moment frames. If these do not ASCC contractors agree with AISC that with cambered steel beams. This position statement from the American Society of Concrete Contractors is presented for reader interest by the editors. when the engineer specifies cambered steel beams. include an elevation or levelness tolerance. Do not promise the owner a perfectly flat floor—cambering is not an exact science. there is no exact science for either specifying or providing the required amount of camber. within tolerances. April 2000. for a 40-ft-long beam is acceptable if the construction documents specify a 1 in. Don’t overspecify camber. and “Economy in Steel. however. “Specifying Camber” by Downey. ASCC concrete contractors will place floors within the ACI 117 slab thickness tolerance of −1/4 in. American Society of Concrete Contractors 2025 S.

S. environmental.000 ft2 (37. KY. and building operation functions within their company. Obayashi has been working on reforming the use of BIM among the design. FL. The 402. the need to check grade. Leica Geosystems considers inclusion in the list an honor and a testament to their commitment to developing best-in-class products.. a partnership between several precast companies and Chomarat North America LLC. A Better House began their portion of the project. This is the first building designed by the U. and construction materials testing—to perform on-site data collection and includes mobile functionality to increase the speed of this process. of Richmond. Orlando. has become the 14th precaster to join AltusGroup. allowing for safer barracks. it provides extra parking for the school’s growing student population. LLC. which appeared in their September 2011 issue. Agile Frameworks Signs New Client for New Software New Member of AltusGroup International Precast Solutions LLC. nondestructive engineering. construction. Equipment Today magazine included the Leica Power Digger 2D in its “2011 Contractor’s Top 50 Products” list. which was chosen due to its strength and thickness. Contracted through Archer Western Contractors Ltd. the barracks will feature a three-story building measuring 284 x 124 ft (87 x 38 m) and a two-story building measuring 265 x 122 ft (81 x 37 m). The Leica PowerDigger 2D system attaches to excavators and consists of three inclinometer sensors that allow machine operators to see the position of the excavator arm via in-cab display in real time. They expect it to decrease the amount of time it takes to perform tests and distribute the results to their customers. a provider of customized precast solutions across the northeastern U. The company will be licensed to sell the CarbonCast precast technology. and into Canada. Located near the university’s sports facilities. MI. Inc. (F&R). in September 2011. Concrete international march 2012 83 . Haskell received an Excellence in Construction Award for the project from the Florida First Coast Chapter of Associated Builders and Contractors in the Infrastructure Heavy Category. F&R. which increases site safety and decreases labor costs. Leica Product Makes Top 50 List Upcoming Themes April—Repair & Renovation May—Concrete in Extreme Environments June—Formwork For advertising details. an honor recognizing outstanding construction projects around the U. reducing Agile Frameworks. from River Rouge. they will allow their customers to have easier and faster access to project information as well as streamline communication for their employees.S. When completed. and using GRAPHISOFT’s BIM Server technology will help them achieve seamless information sharing. won the bid to construct the first insulated concrete form (ICF) military barracks at Fort Campbell. has signed Froehling & Robertson. which uses Chomarat’s C-GRID® carbon-fiber grid as secondary and shear reinforcing.300 m2) garage has 1326 parking spaces and is designed to match the surrounding campus buildings. as well as saving the university money by including storm. includes the latest and most up-to-date products on the market. the exterior.Industry Focus First ICF Military Barracks A Better House. Three-Company BIM Agreement The Haskell Company recently completed a parking garage for the University of Central Florida. VA.and water-management features. as well as ensure the accuracy of said tests. The goal of the agreement is to provide technology leadership for Obayashi through integrated building information modeling workflows and companywide BIM-based information sharing. as a new client for its MetaField™ field information management system. Insulated Precast Solutions is a member of The Prestressed Group. chose the software after a lengthy search for a product that did not exist until MetaField was released.. The list. contact Jeff Rhodes • Phone: (410) 584-8487 • e-mail: concrete@networkmediapartners. Army Corps of Engineers using ICF. Obayashi hopes that by implementing this technology on a company-wide scale. Haskell Completes Award-Winning Parking Garage Obayashi Corporation announced that it has signed an agreement on the joint development of a BIM cloudcomputing platform with NEC Corporation and GRAPHISOFT. MetaField is designed for engineering firms and their field technicians—those specializing in geotechnical.

natural materials and innovative technologies for construction. and Future” at the ACI march 2012 Concrete international Meeting: International Conference on Advances in Cement and Concrete Technology in Africa (ACCTA 2013).de/en/accta_2013/ index. design of UHPC. Engineering a Concrete Future Meeting: International Federation for Structural Concrete (fib) Symposium. Present. Deadlines: Abstracts are due by March 6. UHPC Experience and Developments Cement and Concrete Technology in Africa Shrinkage-Compensating Concrete—Past. telephone: (405) 406-2330.bam. specifically in high-seismic regions. Durability. 2012.spin. Requirements: 1) Presentation title. 239. A special publication is planned. Toronto. and future developments are invited. Papers and presentations related to the history. Norman. Boyd. durability and structural evaluation of concrete structures. South Africa. ON. Solicited: Practicing engineers increasingly favor the use of highstrength concrete and reinforcement in their design. and contact information. Johannesburg. 2012. Canada. where the usable space can be increased when column size is significantly reduced in lower floors. innovative use of concrete and high-performance concrete. 2012. 2012. October 21-25. and 3) abstract of 200 words. Solicited: The goal of this session is to provide a forum to discuss the development. Send to: Halil Sezen. sponsored by ACI Committee 223. and construction are welcomed. in Toronto. Ultra-High Performance Concrete. and operation experience. 2012. Deadline: Abstracts are due by March 15. Ohio State University. 2012. 2012. e-mail: sezen. January 28-30. on conference topics can be found at www.htm. 2012. ACI-ASCE Committee 441. and Future Meeting: Technical session on “Shrinkage-Compensating Concrete— Past. 2) author/speaker name(s). 202 W. execution. and construction practices related to shrinkage-compensating concrete are invited. and contact information. Solicited: The symposium theme 84 . title. Elkem AS Silicon Materials. Present. Each speaker will deliver a 20. and sustainability aspects also can be covered. The presentation topics can include materials. 2012. fax: (405) service life. sponsored by ACI Committees 234. ON. 2013. Discussions of innovative methods for materials design. Room 334. and concrete technology for sustainability and energy efficiency.1@osu. Requirements: Interested presenters are invited to send a 300-word abstract by e-mail. Fall 2012 Convention. October 21-25. new component ON. e-mail: per. The main objective of this session and special publication is to present results from recent research studies and examples of practical applications and use of high-strength concrete and steel reinforcement in recent projects.calls for Papers Reinforced Concrete Columns with HighStrength Concrete and Steel Reinforcement Meeting: Technical session on “Reinforced Concrete Columns with High-Strength Concrete and Steel Reinforcement” at the ACI Fall 2012 Convention. Toronto. This is especially true for high-rise building projects. Requirements: Each speaker will deliver a 20. Israel.fidjestol@ 30-minute presentation during the session. and 3) abstract of 500 words maximum. experience. University of Oklahoma. OK 73019. Tel-Aviv. but are not limited to. Solicited: Conference themes will include. is the sponsor of this session. affiliation. Solicited: 20-minute presentations on the status of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC). Send to: Lubica Korac. Deadlines: Abstracts are due by March 12. e-mail: ramseyer@ou. use in practice. 2013. April 22-24. design. Requirements: 1) Presentation state-of-the-art of concrete technology in developing countries. and future of shrinkage-compensating concrete. Send to: Chris Ramseyer. present use. characterization of cementitious materials. affiliation. Silica Fume in Concrete. 30-minute presentation during the session. the use of very high-strength materials is currently limited by ACI and in many parts of the world. 2) author/speaker name(s). telephone: (614) 292-1338. Deadline: Abstracts are due by March 30. experimental findings. Canada. Send to: Per Fidjestøl. Reinforced Concrete Columns. Department of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science. However. and 363. More information Meeting: Technical sessions on “UHPC Experience and Developments” at the ACI Fall 2012 Convention. final papers are due by August 20. e-mail: info-spin@bam. High-Strength Concrete. final papers are due by September 19. ShrinkageCompensating Concrete. so speakers willing to author papers will be given priority. Canada. October 21-25.

telephone: (215) 545-7295. and deadline. Suite 704. Deadline: Submissions are due by July 1. ON. organized by the Japan Concrete Institute and cosponsored by fib.fib2013tel-aviv. post-tensioned. pioneering structures and construction methods. compiled by ACI Committee 124. Upgrading. aesthetic. and cosponsored by the ACI Ontario Chapter. silos. papers/presentations being Requirements: Submit abstracts of up to 200 words via one of the links at www. evaluation. challenges in bridge engineering. e-mail: mpaul@duffnet. Tosolt. constitutive modeling of cementitious and composite materials. Solicited: The main conference topics include environmental impact reduction technologies. Visit www. title. pavement. design concepts and structural modeling. functional. “Assessment. assessment of structural condition.” Deadline: Abstracts are due by April 2. masonry. Canada. and liquid-structure interaction effects. Box 9094. 211 North 13th Street. drawing. Farmington hills. affiliation. concrete structures under seismic and extreme loads. crypts. 2012. and structures of historic and architectural value. 2012. and structural aspects of tunnel construction and design. Solicited: Papers on the latest analytical procedures. furniture. Canada. Philadelphia. This timetable generally allows publishing of the notification in three issues of the magazine. and materials and products. and Refurbishment of Infrastructures. social and economic aspects of concrete construction. Concrete Aesthetics. Contact: Conference secretariat.iabse2013rotterdam. modernization and refurbishment. Modeling. and maritime structures. fax: (248) 848-3150. retaining walls. Document will also be available as an electronic file on the ACI Web site.Tosolt@concrete. Requirements: 1) Name and location of submission. full papers are due by September 12. experimental findings. Send to: Reza Kianoush.O. Contact: IABSE Spring Conference 2013. tunnels. Submit all information in electronic format: image as JPEG or TIFF file at least 1 MB (but no more than 4 MB).com. punching and shear. in Toronto. tanks. PA 19107. Send to: iccs13@ics-inc. Document: Compendium of notable concrete in Toronto and vicinity for publication at the ACI Fall 2012 Convention in Toronto. May 27-29. along with full contact information to: Keith A. Concrete International. 2012. 85 Concrete international march 2012 . October 21-25.callforpapers. text in e-mail or as MS Word document (100 words maximum). Meeting: Technical session on “Analysis and Design Issues in Liquid-Containing Structures” at the ACI Fall 2012 Convention. Solicited: Conference themes include load-carrying capacity and remaining service life of bridges. ACI. Significance may be historical. bridges.” May 6-8.” Topics will include advanced and innovative cementitious materials and concrete. and Construction. Requirements: 1) Presentation title. environmental design. structural. 2) image (photograph. 2012. 2013. sponsored by ACI Committee 350. and 4) submitter’s name. Requirements: Submit abstracts online at www. constructionrelated. Send to: Michael J. and case studies of sustainable concrete materials and structures. October 21-25.jci-iccs13. plazas. and contact information. organization. Deadline: Abstracts are due by April 15. Notable Concrete in Toronto and Vicinity International Conference on Concrete Sustainability Meeting: International Conference on Concrete Sustainability (ICCS13). Ryerson University. calls for Papers is “Engineering a Concrete Future: Technology. e-mail: kianoush@ryerson. Paul. nl/abstracts. the Netherlands. 2) author/speaker name(s). e-mail: Keith. and 3) abstract of 500 words maximum. Deadlines: Abstracts are due by May 31. More information on submittal of abstracts can be found at P. unusual use or application. Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures. the Netherlands. Requirements: Abstracts of 300 to 400 words are invited. Location information should be sufficient to enable discovery by reader. Kruisplein 40. Rotterdam. and contact information. transformation or conservation. Analysis and Design Issues in LiquidContaining Structures Assessment and Upgrading of Infrastructure Meeting: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering Spring Conference. for more information. either at “Important Dates” or “Call for Papers. 2012. or tilt-up—in all types of uses: buildings. Japan. including change of use. Solicited: Image and brief description of notable concrete—cast-in-place. and whatever else has caught your attention.Calls for Papers: Submission Guidelines We recommend that notices of calls for papers be submitted to Concrete International at least 9 months (or sooner) prior to the prospective sessions. 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Public Discussion No ACI draft standards are currently open for public discussion. office. Each course includes a 10-question exam. The committee responded adequately to TAC’s comments and all balloting rules were adhered to. 2010. 2011. • Shoring. and • Formwork.concrete. 86 march 2012 Concrete international . • The Contractor’s Guide to Quality Concrete Construction. Joints and Reinforcement for Slabs-on-Ground. • Shotcrete. Concrete Placement and Finishing. On August 17.htm The following are some of the courses that have recently been added to the program: • The Contractor’s Guide to Quality Concrete Construction. and then on “Upcoming Standards”). The public discussion and the committee’s response to the discussion are available on ACI’s Web site. Nonmembers and members that have used all of their free courses can purchase courses for $25. Check it out now! For details go to: www. 2010. Public Discussion and Closure of “Specification for Latex-Modified Concrete Overlays (ACI 548. Chapter 10. Public discussion was announced on October 1. On February 17. the program includes courses on the following topics: • Cracking. Earn CEUs from the comfort and privacy of your home. ACI members can take up to eight courses FREE of charge per membership year. TAC reviewed the closure and approved it on July 13. Chapter 10. users can download and study resource materials that the exams are keyed to. 2011. or anywhere! ACI offers an easy-to-use online CEU program for anyone that needs to earn Continuing Education credits. and closed on November 17. • Test Reports.concrete. In After the exam is passed. and closed on March 17.concrete.4)” The ACI Technical Activities Committee (TAC) approved the draft standard subject to satisfactory committee response to TAC comments in March 2010. The public discussion and the committee’s response to the discussion are available on ACI’s Web site. • Cementitious materials. • Reinforcement. Using the Forms. The committee responded to the public discussion. www. 2011. TAC reviewed the closure and approved it on October 26. The Standards Board approved publication of the ACI standard on November 28. 2010. The committee responded to the public discussion.concrete. and • SP-4 Formwork for Concrete. www. the Standards Board granted approval to release the draft standard for public discussion and to process it as an ACI standard. 2010. • (click on “Technical” on the menu bar. • Slabs. • Admixtures. and then on “Upcoming Standards”). Public discussion was announced on March 1. To see a summary of all ACI draft standards in process or recently completed. 2010. Once registered. The committee responded adequately to TAC’s comments and all balloting rules were adhered to. 2011. ACI issues a certificate of completion for presentation to local licensing agencies. • Aggregates. The Standards Board approved publication of the ACI standard on December 13. the Standards Board granted approval to release the draft standard for public discussion and to process it as an ACI (click on “Technical” on the menu bar. • Repair. Participants must register and login to the ACI Web site. Public Discussion and Closure of “Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases (ACI 376-10) and Commentary” The ACI Technical Activities Committee (TAC) approved the draft standard subject to satisfactory committee response to TAC comments in March 2009. Chapter 8. please visit the ACI Web site at www.

Sinopsis en español Concrete international march 2012 87 .

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figures. temperature control. guides. and reports. The manual is a key resource for design professionals.1R-12 Guide for Design of Slab-Column Connections in Monolithic Concrete Structures—ACI 352. (CD-ROM) (Available soon) Published by Interlocking Concrete Pavement Association With over 60 color illustrations. and hundreds of other topics.CI Pages: 92 Price: $36 (no discount on industry publications) Manual of Concrete $1185. Order Code: PICP.00) and CD-ROM What’s coming Spring 2012 Guide to a Simplified Design for Reinforced Concrete Buildings—ACI 314R-11 Report on Grouting Between Foundations and Bases for Support of Equipment and Machinery—ACI 351. and performance. the ACI Career Center offers promising positions in your industry. including online subscription.What’s New 2012 Manual of Concrete Practice (MCP) Permeable Interlocking Concrete The American Concrete Institute’s 2012 Manual of Pavements Manual (PICP) Concrete Practice contains 220 ACI committee standards and reports.CI Practice. Construction. Considerable discussion and research references are drawn upon regarding surface infiltration rates. A complete listing of publications included in the 2012 edition and additional optional formats.50 (ACI members $409. ACI’s Manual of Concrete Practice is the most comprehensive concrete reference set 89 .00) $681. and or by calling (248) 848-3800. especially when sediment enters the stone-filled joins/openings. Format Order Code Price $799.00) Manual of Concrete Practice. durability problems. multi-user license. plus stormwater and transportation government agency staff who support low-impact development and green streets/ infrastructure using permeable pavement. Overview and Guidelines. deflection. The edition is divided into five chapters: Overview. and tables. Manufacture. nondestructive testing. and Installation of Concrete Piles—ACI 543R-12 Discover YOUR Opportunity.concrete.CI (ACI members $711. cracking.50 Practice.CI set + index Manual of Concrete MCPCD12. structural design.1R-11 Guide for Precast Concrete Wall Panels— ACI 533R-11 Guide to Design. Additionally. it includes information about code requirements. 7-volume MCP12PACK. post your resume today on the ACI Career Center! • EXPAND JOB SEARCH • FIND RELEVANT JOBS • POST RESUME FOR FREE • GAIN MORE EXPOSURE ACI’sCareerCenter Concrete international march 2012 www.concrete. and more is available at www. hard copy MCPCD12PACK. It contains all of the widely used ACI concrete and masonry code requirements. this updated fourth edition (published in 2011) draws from a wealth of current permeable pavement research on stormwater management. Design Contexts. Whether you are looking for a new job or just want to keep an eye on what’s out there. specifications.50 (ACI members $499. With hundreds of employers looking to find qualified candidates. PICP Design. fib Symposium: Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community. structures2012 7-9 IABSE Conference. International Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Concrete (ICAAR). TN 2012am. TX www.concretetechnologyforum. hyatt & Phoenix convention center. Sweden www. ON. hilton & convention center. P. minneapolis. For additional information. org/seattle Chemspec USA.nace. TX 8-9 10-13 13-17 7-9 11-13 20-22 8-10 18-20 20-25 11-15 May 6-8 2012 PTI Convention. 2012 — October 21-25. Austin. QC. Kassel. canada. 7-10 April 10-12 6-8 Bridgelife™ 2012. Canada www.icri. The 2nd International Conference on Rehabilitation and Maintenance in Civil conference. Canada www.civil. 2013 — October 2012 International Concrete Sustainability Conference. Greece 2012/index.php June 10-13 29th Annual International Bridge Conference. the Netherlands International Conference on Microdurability of Cementitious Composites. MI 48333-9094 Telephone: (248) 848-3795 • E-mail: EERI 2012 Annual Meeting and National Earthquake Conference. Japan Philadelphia. 2013 — april 14-17. Stockholm. contact: Event Services. Seattle. Amsterdam.fibstockholm2012.O. hyatt See the events calendar at www. UAE www.icaar2012. Phoenix. WA 2012 CUEE Structures Congress 2012.hipermat. UT events.htm International Symposium on Ultra-High-Performance Concrete and Nanotechnology for HighPerformance Construction 11-14 UPCOMING ACI CONVENTIONS 2012 — march 18-22. ON.asce. Dallas. Agios Nikolaos. Abu Dhabi.ifhs2012. PA Nashville.concreteinternational. IEEE-IAS/PCA Cement Industry Technical Conference. ACI.Meetings 2012 March 5-6 29-31 10th International Conference on Multi-Purpose High-Rise Towers and Tall Buildings.duth. Indonesia sipil. Germany www. aZ. Egypt 4th International Symposium on Nanotechnology in Construction.chemspecevents. Surakarta. Salt Lake City. IL content.eeri.php ICRI 2012 Spring Convention. Toronto.titech.php NACE Corrosion Conference 2012. Sheraton centre. Box 9094 Farmington Hills. PA www. San for more listings 90 march 2012 Concrete international .nl/ Introduction. mN. TN www.

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3.3. E or F are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.43 (D. anchor ductility is imposed at strength-level earthquake forces. • 94 march 2012 Concrete international . To use either table. contact us by fax at (248) 848-3701.S. MI. restrictions on the reinforcement types and grade apply (D.3. D. MI.3. If so.3. anchors are designed for the expected yield strength of the attachment.3. “Qualification of Post-Installed Mechanical Anchors in Concrete (ACI 355. References • • 1. 3. respectively. E. 2007.3.3. ACI Committee 355. 55 pp.3.1. Write to the Editor. There are additional requirements for anchoring to concrete in structures assigned to SDC C. A.” American Concrete Institute.concrete Q&A Q. Thanks to John F. and our engineers need to apply the seismic design requirements provided in ACI 318 Appendix D1.3. MI.3. Where anchor reinforcement is used to preclude concrete breakout in tension or shear. undercut. or F are subject to the requirements of D.4 and D. ” Farmington Hills.7 (D.3. MI 48331. Questions in this column were asked by users of ACI documents and have been answered by ACI staff or by a member or members of ACI technical committees.2). 2011. Silva of Hilti North America for reviewing the information presented in this Q&A. anchors in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category (SDC) C.. American Concrete “Qualification of Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors in Concrete (ACI 355. ACI Committee 355. Farmington Hills. the connection’s tensile and shear design strength must equal or exceed the required strength determined from applicable load combinations. Appendix D permits four options for tension loads and three for shear: In Option 1 (available for tension only). Farmington Hills. 2. or e-mail Rex. In Option 4. Farmington Hills. select which option to satisfy and review the requirements to the right. and then determine whether additional seismic requirements apply.3. Do you have a design aid that would help us quickly locate the relevant provisions under various circumstances? ACI 318 Appendix D applies to cast-in anchors and post-installed expansion.22 and post-installed adhesive anchors must be qualified for earthquake loading in accordance with ACI 355.” American Concrete Institute. the anchors are designed for the maximum force that a nonyielding attachment can deliver. 35 pp. 2011.3.3. The additional tension and shear requirements for anchoring to concrete in structures assigned to SDC C.2 through D. In all cases.3. Concrete International. Anchors for Structures in Seismic regions My firm designs structures throughout the U. Where additional seismic requirements apply. Per D.3.3.7 as follows: Anchors subjected to earthquake forces should not be located in plastic hinge zones of concrete structures (D. and Post-installed expansion and undercut anchors must be qualified for earthquake loading in accordance with ACI 355.7).5).Donahey@concrete. D.2-07) and Commentary. D. Anchors subject to both tension and shear loading must satisfy the interaction requirements of D. E. Only a published committee document represents the formal consensus of the committee and the Institute. In Option 3.6). We invite comment on any of the questions and answers published in this column. ACI Committee 318. the anchors are designed for overstrengthlevel earthquake forces. 38800 Country Club Drive. and adhesive anchors.4-11) and Commentary. • • • In Option 2. 503 pp.3). “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary. The answers do not represent the official position of an ACI committee. begin with the structure SDC in the left column. or F (D.

2U (D.3. 0.0L + 0. φNpn (D.5. considering strain hardening and material overstrength (refer to rD. anchor stretch length and additional material and/or geometry requirements apply.5) In all cases: 0.2D + Ωo(1. (9-7) or φNn (D.3.5) In all cases: φ factor per D.0L + 0.3(c)) Option 4 Overstrength forces (φNcb (D.9).3).4. φNsb (D.concrete Q&a Table 1: Anchors resisting tension forces Seismic portion of required strength Not applicable SDC a or B Options to satisfy additional seismic requirements Not applicable Required strength U = 1. E.4. (9-5) U = 0. If used. 0.3.3. and φ factor per D.0E + 1.3.4).3.2) or φNn (D.9D + factor per D. c.1) No additional seismic requirements Ductile and brittle anchor materials are allowed.0L + 0. anchor reinforcement per D. If used.2D + 1.2) or φNn (D. φNsa (D. (9-7) Option 3 Nonyielding attachment (D.5. 0.7.9).2S Eq. maximum tension transmitted by a nonyielding attachment.3(d)) φNsa (D. 0.4.4. (9-5) U = (D.3.3.75φNsb (D.5.3).3).5 and D.2.9).0E Eq. > 1.75φNa (D.5.5.3 Ductile and brittle anchor materials are allowed. D. U = 1.9D + Ωo( for guidance).3.1). Concrete international march 2012 95 .3.5) In all cases: N(cb. φNa (D.2D + 1.5.1).2S Eq. 0. U = 1.4.75φNa (D.75φNcb (D.2.3 Other requirements E ≤ 0.4.0E Eq.75φNpn (D.0E) + 1.75φNpn (D.3(b)) maximum tension transmitted by a ductile attachment.4.3.75φNsb (D.5.3. Option 1 Ductile anchor connection (D.0E + 1.5. (9-5) U = 0.3.9D + 1.0E) Eq.2Nsa (D.4. (9-7) Design strength φNsa (D. 0.3. or F E > 0.5 and D.3.3). Only ductile anchor elements are allowed.7. 0.2S Eq.75 factor per D.1).2) Option 2 Ductile attachment ( anchor reinforcement per D. and φ factor per D.3. 0. φNcb (D.4).

3. considering strain hardening and material overstrength. E. U = 1. φVcp (D.concrete.3) In all cases: φ factor per D. Option 3 Nonyielding attachment (D.5 for guidance).6. c.2U (D. If used. special publications.6.6.9).2S Eq.0E Eq. and industry favorites is always open—waiting for you! Additionally.1) Ductile and brittle anchor materials are allowed. (9-5) U = 0.2D + 1.3.3 Other requirements E ≤ 0.3.1).0L + 0.3. (9-5) U = 0. φVcb (D.9D + .3(b)) Option 4 Overstrength forces (D. (9-7) Design strength φVsa (D.0E) + (D.4 and D.2) or φVn (D.3. maximum shear transmitted by a nonyielding attachment (refer to rD.5.6. (9-7) maximum shear transmitted by a ductile attachment.3.9D + Ωo(1.2D + Ωo(1.3.3) In all cases: φ factor per D.0L + 0.4.3(c)) φVsa (D.5. attachment yields before anchor failure.2S Eq.0E) Eq. oPEn! 96 march 2012 Concrete international ALWAYS You’ll never have to wait for ACI’s Online Bookstore to open.9).2. technical reports.6. D. Our collection of over 400 standards. φVcb (D. Option 2 Ductile attachment (D.3.3 Ductile and brittle anchor materials are allowed.0E + φVcp (D.2) or φVn (D.2.1). you can download many of ACI’s publications immediately! ACI’s online bookstore— it’s always open! www. or F E > 0.concrete Q&a Table 2: Anchors resisting shear forces Seismic portion of required strength Not applicable SDC a or B Options to satisfy additional seismic requirements Not applicable No additional seismic requirements Required strength U = anchor reinforcement per D.

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