LOVE AND GOLD!
BY: ARLIE HOCHSCHILD
Hochschild, A.R., (2003). Love and Gold. The Commercialization of Intimate Life: Notes from Home and Work. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
1. Author of the article and her credentials and the intended audience of the article 2. Main problem and main objective stated in the article 3. Analytical framework 4. Raised issues and themes in the article 5. Author’s most controversial points 6. Personal experiences relating to the article 7. Conclusion
Berkley • Wrote books like The Managed Heart. and The Time Blind.ARLIE RUSSELL HOCHSCHILD
• A retired Sociology professor at the University of California. The Second Shift.
. she became fascinated with the boundaries people draw between inner experience and outer experience. The Commercialization of Intimate Life where Love and Gold was taken from • Being a child of diplomats.
• Mothers who leave the country to work • Children and teenagers • Government
. pushing third world mothers to seek work on the first for lack of options closer to home.MAIN PROBLEM
• The rampant case of Filipino women. specifically mothers who work in the first world countries and risk to leave their children behind • “the yawning gap between the rich and the poor is itself a form of coercion.
• To help the Filipino children value their mothers who work in other countries to provide them everything they need • To help the Philippine Government realize how difficult it is for them (OFWs) to leave home and leave their families behind because of few job opportunities.
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Theories and the themes that emerged in the article
• In the article. capitalism is obvious –meaning it uses money. power.Theory: Feminism
• Traditional Marxist Feminism wherein the source of oppression is capitalism and bourgeoisie. private properties to liberate women
they hire nannies to do care work –which are often females from the third world • Females from the third world aren’t only exploited because of their brains and brawns but because of their caring nature towards their [1st world people] family. love – which is supposedly given to her own family
. credits and power. • Because people in the 1st world are too busy with their work. money. the rich becomes richer and the poor becomes poorer. stature. And for the rich countries to maintain their reputation. both women and male have to work leaving their family and relative’s needs unattended.• Because the gap between the rich and the poor gets wider and wider.
ISSUES AND THEMES
Migration Rights of Children Feminism Capitalism Brain drain Care drain Globalization
• Rights of children – in connection with migration. It states that “a child should grow up in a family environment. love and parents against their will • Feminism – Since the article talks mostly about female who chose to work overseas than being a simple mother or housewife. we can attach feminism to it. this issue pertains to Article 9 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Child. Also. in an atmosphere of happiness. • Capitalism – Assumed to be the cause of the importation of love. it is one of the roots of the widening of the gap between rich and poor
.• Migration – it is undeniable in the article that female from the third world migrate to the rich countries for them to earn a living whether for herself of for her family.
those who have the capacity and are qualified opt to work abroad for higher pay. paying so much attention and love to them and treating them as their own. • Globalization – make something to become globally adopted. it became a routine for the third world countries to work abroad especially females who are really in need abroad
. Because of this. • Care Drain – the migration of locals abroad to take good care of a different family.• Brain Drain – Since there are more opportunities of work abroad.
" It exemplifies the need for care of the developing children since the care given by women of developing countries are allocated to those of the developed children.
. Rowena still tries to reach out to his kids. This was a great way to show that though they're miles and miles away. He has provided scenarios that best fits or explains what his points were.Did the author successfully achieved her goals?
• The author was indeed successful with his objective as stated. It shows that the government should act upon by providing enough jobs for Filipinos for migration to be lessened if not stopped. Another scenario was when Rowena Bautista had the guts to say "I love you" to her kids. Given for example the "care drain.
AUTHOR’S MOST! CONTROV ERSIAL POINTS
in an atmosphere of happiness. love and understanding … and not be separated from his or her parents against their will…” The author has been pointing out in the article that children must be provided with such ambiance effective for the child’s personal growth
• The author’s most controversial point is the part of Article 9 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of the Child where it states that: “A child should grow up in a family environment.
What did the article leave out?
. The group thinks that the developing countries must act upon it or do something about it because it affects the growth of the young citizens. Then.• The article has mainly provided the readers that there is still inequality among developed and developing countries. will not be provided with good-paying jobs in the third world countries then will need to go to developed countries to have a job sufficient to fulfill the needs of their family. At an early age. children of women from developing countries are given less care than the children of developed countries experience. It is a form of a chain reaction: where in the child will suffer because of lack of care from their mother and as a result will have a poor performance in school then will not be able to graduate with flying colors and eventually will suffer the rest of their lives with poverty.
Love and Gold: Best vs Worst
.• It is hard to leave one’s children behind because a mother’s duty is to provide TLC (tender. care) with her maternal instincts. With them working abroad. Time passes and eventually. loving. or even hatred. they tend to practice their maternal instincts on children who are not even their own. there is a gap between the mother and her own children because there might be cases of jealousy.
.• After reading this article. so that these family bonds that we all try to strengthen won’t break. we conclude that the government should provide financial aid to OFWs who want to go home. The Philippine government should also do something to improve our economy so that people will get to enjoy life and all of the job opportunities that come with it. Mothers everywhere should not endure the pain of being unrecognized by their own kids.