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LAWOFFICES OF

Krnscn-GooDwtN &KrRsclr,PLLC

8900E.Pr,r'rRclePEAKRoAD.SurE250

ScotrsoauE,ARtzot\A gS2Ss

(480)s85-0600

Fru((480) 585-0622

HopeN. Kirsch,#018822

hope@koklaw.com

ffiwin,#010233

lko@koklaw.com Attorneysfor Plaintiffs

I,IICHAEL|(. JERNES

theSuperiorCou

Clerkof

DyfiuthBortlett,Dputv

D€tem/$A0Hlinel6:Xl:24

Dmcri.ption

8ffiE$C1j20U{S689

SIUILffiUfl}FLAINI

TOIfl-fiHIJI{T

Receipt[445U45

INTHESUPERIORCOURTOFTHESTATEOF ARIZONA

INANDFORTHECOUNTYOFMARICOPA

ERICNOYESandLESLIENOYES, husbandandwife,as Parentsand Next FriendoftheirMinorChild,T.N.,

vs.

Plaintiffs,

DEERVALLEYUNIFIEDSCHOOL

DISTRICTNO.97;DESERTSAGE

ELEMENTARYSCHOOL;JOHNAND

JANEDOESl-X;ABCBUSTNESS

ENTITIESA-C;WHITE

CORPORATIONSl-V;andBLACK

PARTNERSHIPSI-V,

Defendants.

No.

cv201 2-055589

COMPLAINT

(Tort, Non-MotorVehicle:Assaultand Batterv:Falselmprisonment:

!X?S,i1fl5['5i'iffm]ff li{"ii"",ia,

Distress)

Plaintiffs,ERICNOYESandLESLIENOYES,husbandandwife,asParents

20 andNextFriendoftheirMinorChald,T.N.(collectivelyhereafter,"thePlaintiffs'),by

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andthroughundersignedcounsel,asandfortheirComplaintagainsttheabove-

22 namedDefendants(collectivelyhereafter,"theDefendants'),.hereinstateand

23 allegeuponinformationandbeliefasfoilows:

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NATUREOF.THE.CASE

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1. Thiscasearisesfrominjur,irEFrit3,?g$rorT.N.asaresurtofbeins

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restrainedandsecludedwhilea studentat DesertSageElementarySchoolwithin

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theDeerValleyUnifiedSchoolDistrict,andfromthefailuresofschoofanddistrict

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staff/personnelandadministrationto interveneandto reporttheabuse.

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THEPART|ES,JUR|SD|CTION AND VENUE

)

2.

PlaintiffsEricNoyesandLeslieNoyesarea marriedcoupleandthe

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parents andguardiansofT.N.,a minorchild.Theyareall,andatallrelevanttimes

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were,residentsofanddomiciledintheStateofArizona,MaricopaCounty.

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3.

T.N.'sparentsbringthisclaimastheirson'snextfriend,pursuant to

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ArizonaRulesofcivilProcedure,Rule17(g),andintheirownright.

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4.

DefendantDEERVALLEYUNIFIEDSCHOOLDISTRIOTNo.97

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('DVUSD")isa publicschooldistrictlocatedinMaricopaCoungand,assuch,a

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publicentitylegallyconstitutedwithintheStateofArizona.

5. DefendantDESERTSAGEELEMENTARYSCHOOLisanelementary

schoolwithintheDVUSDand,assuch,a publicentitylegallyconstitutedwithinthe

StateofArizona.

6. OnoraboutJuly16,2012,PlaintiffstimelyservedDVUSDandDesert

SageElementarySchoolwitha NoticeofClaimpursuant toA.R.S.Section12-

821.01,towhichnoresponsewasreceived.

7. DEfendantsJOHNANDJANEDOESI.X,ABCBUSINESSENTITIES

20 l-X,WHITECORPORATIONSl-V,andBLACKPARTNERSHIPSl-Vare,andatall

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refevanttimeswere,studentsandloremployees,agents,orindependent

22 contractorsallegingtobeactingwithinthescope.oftheiremploymentandlor

23 agencyand/orinconcertwiththenamedDefendantswhoorwhichmayhave

24 causedorcontributedtotheeventsallegedinthisComplaint,andanyamendedor

25 supplementalcomplaint,and/ormaybeliabletoPlaintiffs.Plaintiffswillamendthis

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Complainttoreflectthetruenamesandidentitiesofsuchindividuals,partnerships

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andcorporationsassuchnamesbecomeknown.

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8. AllactsandomissionsallegedhereinoccurredinMaricopaCounty,

4 Arizona,outofwhichPlaintiffs'claimsarise.

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9. TheamountincontroversyinthismatterexceedstheCourt'sminimal

6 jurisdictional limit.

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8 inthisCourt.

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Personaljurisdiction,

subjectmatter jurisdiction

andvenueareproper

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11. T.N.is an eightyearoldboywhowas,at all relevanttimes,a student

enrolledin DVUSDandattendingDesertsage Elementaryschool.

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All incidentsrelevantto thisComplainttookplace duringthe2011to

13 2a'12schoolyearwhenT.N.wasin secondgradeandsevenyearsold.

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13. WhileT.N.wasa studentatDesertSageElementarySchool,hewas

provided variousfoodilemswhichhewasnotallowedto eatdueto severefoodallergies.

DVUSDpersonnelhadknowledgeof hisfoodallergies.ParentshadinformedDVUSD

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personnel ofT,N.foodallergies,forexample,ingestingfoodscontainingsugarcaused

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behavioralissues.ParentsinformedDVUSDpersonnelthat T.N.wasona verystrict,

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controlleddietandmustavoidallfoodsthatcauseanallergicreaction.Schoolpersonnel

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statedthatT.N.'sfoodallergiesandT.N.'sbehaviorweretwoseparateissuesandthat

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T.N.'sbehaviorcouldnotbeimpactedbyfood.

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14.

T.N.hada 504PlanthatsetforthT.N.,sallergies.

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15'

T.N.'sparentsinformedschoolpersonnel ofT.N.'sfoodallergiesand

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providedT.N.'slunchona dailybasistoensurethatT.N.ateonlythefoodthathewas

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provided. DVUSDpersonnel didnotprovidea copyofT.N.'sfoodallergiestotheAfter

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SchoolProgram.DVUSDpersonnel didnotinformDesertSageElementarySchool

I personnel inthecafeteriaofT,N.'sfoodallergiesuntilsometimeinJanuary,2012.T.N.

2 wasprovided fooditemsintheDesertSageElementarySchoolcafeteriabycafeteriastaff

J whichfoodscausedallergicreactions;thisoccurredona dailybasis,

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16. Duringthe2010-2011and2011-2012schoolyears,DesertSage

5 ElementarySchoolhada roomwithdimensionsapproximatelyfivefeet by sixfeet,

6 andsevenfeethigh,whichwas locatedon thelowestfloorof theschoblbuilding.

7 Theinteriorwaspadded withvinylcoveredtackmaterial.Theroomhadno

8 window. Therewas a oheway visionpeep holdapproximatelyfivefeetabovethe

9 ground.A childinsidetheroomcouldnotseeoutofthe roomoncethedoorwas

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closed. The roomhadno furniture.The saidroomwill hereinafterbe referredto as

the"seclusion room."DVUSDhasreferredto the'seclusionroomas the"cooldown

room"and"CDR."

17. Defendantswouldpunish T.N.bygrabbing himanddragginghimdown

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15 ofT.N.whichT.N.to fallon morethanoneoccasion,causinginjuries.Onestaff,

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the hallway,forcinghis headdowntowardthefloorwithtwoteacherson eitherside

SarahGarner,fellon topofT.N.whilewalkinghiminthismanneranddroppedT.N.

on hishead. Schoolpersonnelwould threatenT.N.withremovinghimto thecool

downroom

T.N.wasputintheseclusionroomno lessthaneleven(11)timesbyoneaccount,

Schoolpersonnelpunished T.N.by placing himin theseclusionroom.

20 seventeen(17)timesbyanotheraccount,whileattendingDesertSageElementary

21 School.DefendantsinvestigatedonlythreeoccasionswhenT.N.wasforcibly

22 removedfromhisclassroomandplacedin theseclusionroom. Defendants

23 reportedto T.N,'sparents onlythreeof theoccasionsthatT.N.wasrestrainedand

24 placed intheseclusionroom:theDecember12,2011incident andtheJanuary10,

25 2012incident.

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18. T.N.hadnohumancontactduringhisplacement intheseclusionroom

2 andshowedsignsof respiratorydistressandpanic attacks.

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19. DefendantshavesinceadmitteditfailedtonotifyT.N.'sparents about

4 severafoftheincidentsanincidentonJanuary27,2012thatDVUSDinvestigated.

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20. Documentsprovided byDVUSDinresponsetoa publicrecords/

6 FreedomofInforrnationActrequestrevealthatT.N.wasputinseclusionatleast

7 eleven(11)times.DVUSDhasrevealedthefrequencywasclosertoseventeen

8 (17),times. Theremayinfacthavebeenmanymoretimes.T.N.reportshewasin

9 theseclusionroomfour(4)dayseveryweekbetweenOctoberoI2011and

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February2012.

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T.N.sufferedmultiplebruisesandscratchesfromDefendants

restraininghimandremovinghimtotheseclusionroom.DespiteT.N.'sparents,

repeatedcomplaintsto DefendantsregardingT.N.'sfoodandchemicalaflergies

andthenecessi$to refrainfromgiving himproducts whichcontainedsugar,food dyes,artificialsugar,andotheritemstowhichhewasseverelyallergic,Defendants

disregardedtheparents'instructions,ignoredthe504whichwasinplace, and

failedtocommunicatewithT.N.'sparents whenT.N.waspunished forperceived

behavioralissueswhentheissueswerea resultofT.N.'sallergicresponseto

unauthorizedfooditemsconsumedwhileatschoolandexposuretochemical

agentsusedtocleanthecarpeting,bathrooms,tablesandotherareasof.the

school.

22:,. WhenT.N.hadbehavioralissues,hewouldsuffermultiplescratches,

bruises,andbruisestohisanklesatthehandsof Defendantswhopersonally and

physically restrainedhimfacedownonthefloorforcinghimto inhaleresiduefrom

carpetcleaningchemicalstowhichheisseverelyallergicandputtingpressure on

26 hisback,andplaced himintheseclusionroom.Inoneincident,teachers

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restrainedT.N.'sarmsandforcedhimtowalktotheisolationroomwithhishead

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pointed totheground.Asa result,T.N.tripped,hithisheadandsufferedinjuries,in

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part dueaswelltoSarahGarnerfallingontopofT.N

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DefendantsviotatedT.N.'s504,whichstatedherequiredfreshair. By

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forcinghimintotheseclusionroom,T.N.wasdeniedfreshair. Hewasatsodenied

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theuseofa bathroomduringhisseclusionandhadtwiceurinatedonhimselfwhen

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deniedaccesstoa bathroom,forwhichhewasreprimanded.The 'behaviorist"

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claimedT.N.wasurinatingonhimselfto"getattention,"apparentlyignoringhow

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humiliatingtheactofurinatingononeselfisfora littleboy.T.N.wasfurther

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humiliatedandembarrassedwhenDefendantsorderedT.N.tochangehisclothes

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infrontofthemafterhewethimself.

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Duringotherincidents,teachersthreatenedT.N.withseclusion.T.N.

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becameafraidoftheseclusionroom,haddifficultiessleepingathomeandwasina

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constantstateofanxietyandfearwhileattendingDesertSageElementarySchool.

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DefendantswouldthreatenT.N.withrestraintif hedidnotgowiththemtothe

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seclusionroom.ThereweretimeswhenthreeadultstookturnsholdingT.N.down.

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TherewereotherincidentswhenDefendantswouldholdT.N.facedownonthe

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floor,causinghimto inhaleallergensandchemicals.Onatleasttwooccasions,

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T.N.wasforcedtoeathislunchonthefilthyfloorintheseclusionroomandserved

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orangechickenwhichwasonhislistof"donoteat'becauseofthehighsugar

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content.

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DefendantsviolatedDVUSDrestraintandseclusionpolicies and

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procedures. Forinstance,Defendantsoverusedtherestraintandseclusionpolicy,

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andfailedtonotifyT.N.'sparents oftheincidents.Defendantsalsodidnotuse

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seclusionasa "last resort."DefendantsthreatenedT.N.withseclusion.Other

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studentsinvolvedinthesameorsimilarincidentswerenotsubjectedtothreatsof

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seclusion,ortorestraintandseclusion.T.N.wassingledoutforhisspecialneeds.

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Defendantsactionswereintendedto humiliateandembarrassT.N.as

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evidencedbyrefusaltoallowhimto usethebathroom,forcinghimtochangein

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frontofa staffmember,andononeoccasiona paraprofessional threatenedto

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restrainT.N.outonthefieldinviewofeveryone,thenproceeded todoso,then

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draggedT.N.fromthefieldafteranincidentwithanotherboy.Theotherboywas

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nottreatedinthesamemanner.

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Asa directandproximate resultof Defendants'repeatedoverly

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punitive actionsandfalseimprisonment,T.N.missedoutonschool,suffered

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nightmares,sleepdisturbance,andstomachaches;hehasbeenfrightened,and

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hassufferedseriouspersonal andemotionalinjuries.Asa directresultofthe

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emotionalandphysicalabusesufferedatthehandsof Defendants,T.N.'scondition

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worsened.

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T.N.'sparentshaveincurred,continuetoincur,andareexpectedto

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incurinthefuture,costsandexpenses,includingeducationafandmedicalexpense

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fortreatmentofT.N.'sharmaswellastransportationcostsrelatedtosendinghim

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toa schooloutsidehisarea.

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COUNTI

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ASSUALTANDBATTERY

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Plaintiffsincorporatebyreferenceallforegoingparagraphs and

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allegationsasiffullysetforthherein.

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30.

Defendants'actionsexceededthescopeofreasonabledisciplineand

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authorityandthereforeamounttoan unauthorizedtouchingofr.N.

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Defendants'actionswereintendedtoinstillfearandapprehensionin

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T.N.andtocauseharmfulandoffensivecontactwithT.N.,andT.N.wasawareof

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thatintent.

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Defendants'actionsdidinfactcauseharmfulandoffensivecontact

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withT.N.

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Defendants'actionsamounttocommonlawassaultandoffensive

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touchingbattery.

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Asa directandproximate causeofDefendants'actions,T.N.suffered

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damageswhicharelikelytocontinueinthefuture.

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COUNTII

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FALSEIMPRISONMENT

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Plaintiffsincorporatebyreferenceallforegoingparagraphs and

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allegationsasiffullysetforthherein.

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DefendantsactedintentionallyinplacingT.N.intheseclusionroom

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andforcinghimtoremaintherewithoutpermission toleave.

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DefendantsactedwithoutlawfulauthorityandwithoutT.N.orhis

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parents'consentinplacinghimthere

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Defendants'actsresultedinthedirectrestraintoflibertyorfreedomof

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movement,byactualandfearofforce.

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Defendants'failuretopreventT.N.frombeingplacedandkeptinthat

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seclusionroomandtakingawayhislibertyandfreedomof movementwas

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participation infalseimprisonment.

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Defendants'actionswouldcausea reasonablyprudentperson inthe

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samesituationasT.N.tobelievethathewasrestrained.

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T.N.wasawareoftherestraint.

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AlltheDefendantsparticipated intheactoffalseimprisonmentby

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aidingoneanotherandfailingtoprevent orstopthefalseimprisonmentofT.N.

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43. Asa directandproximate causeofDefendants'actions,T.N.suffered

4 damageswhicharelikelytocontinueinthefuture.

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couNT ill

NEGLIGENCE

44. Plaintitfsincorporatebyreferenceallforegoingparagraphs and

8 allegationsasiffullysetforthherein.

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45. DefendantsowedT.N.adutyofcarenotonlyastheirstudentbutasa

person legallyontheirpremises.

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46. Asa resultoftheincidentsthatoccurredonthesaidDefendants'

premises duringschoolhoursandsaidDefendants'actionsandinactions,including

ignoringdirectivesregardingallergies,T.N.sufferedallergicreactions,andT.N.

wasattackedandseriouslyinjuredandcontinuesto sufferfromproblems direcfly

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proximately relatedtotheattackthatoccurredat DesertSageElementarySchool

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andonitsproperty.

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SaidDefendantsbreachedtheirdutyofcaretoT.N.andhisparents by

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allowingtheseactstooccur,failingtotakeactionto preventsuchactsfrom

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occurringandfailingtotimelynotiffT.N.'sparents.

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SaidDefendantsbreachedtheirdutyofcarebyfailingto have

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adequateandpropersuperuisionofstudents,failingto abidebydirectivesto avoid

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exposuretochemicalandfoodallergens,andallowingtheattackstooccur.

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Asa directandproximate causeofDefendants'breaches,T.N.

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suffereddamageswhicharelikelytocontinueinthefuture.

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COUNTIV

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GROSSNEGLIGENCE

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Plaintiffsincorporateby referenceallforegoingparagraphs and

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allegationsasiffullysetforthherein.

 

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Defendants,tn locoparenfrrs,areprofessionals chargedwithcaringfor

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andprotecting thehealth,welfareandsafetyoftheyoungstudents.

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52.

DefendantsweregrosslynegligentinallowingT.N.tobeexposedto

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chemicalandfoodallergens.

 

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Defendantsweregrossly negligentinallowingT.N.toberepeatedly

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restrainedandforciblyplaced inseclusion.

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DefendantsweregrosslynegligentinfailingtocontactT.N.'sparents to

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notifoaboutthemofeachincidentandfailingtoaddressthecausesofT.N.'s

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behaviorproblems.

 

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Defendants'conductinallowingexposuretofoodandchernical

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allergenswaswillful,wantonanddonewithrecklessdisregardtotheresult,orthe

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rightorsafetyofthisyoung boy,constitutinggrossnegligence.

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Defendantsractionsofrestraintandseclusionandtheiractions

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subsequentwerewillful,wantonanddonewithrecklessdisregardtotheresult,or

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therightorsafetyofthisyoungboy,constitutinggrossnegligence.

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Defendants'actionswereintentionallymaliciousandtheirwillful

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miscondu"

 

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nesrisence,r Nsuffereddamages

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whicharelikelytocontinueinthefuture.

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couNTy

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TNTENTTONALtNFLtCTtONOF FMOT|ONAL pISTRESS

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Plaintiffsincorporateby referenceatlforegoingparagraphsand

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allegationsasiffullysetforthherein.

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DefendantskneworshouldhaveknownthatT.N.isa specialneeds

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studentwithproblems withsociatskillsand,amongotherproblems, sensoryissues.

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Defendantsknewtheirconductinvolvedanunreasonableriskof

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causingT.N.emotionaldistress.

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Defendants'conductwasextreme,intentional,outrageous,andwas

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performed inrecklessdisregardofthenearcertaintythatsuchdistresswouldresult

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fromitsconduct.

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T.N.andhisparentsdidinfactsustainsevereemotionaldistressasa

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resultof Defendants'wrongfulconduct.

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Asa directandproximateresultofDefendants'actionsandomissions,

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T.N.andhisparentshavesufferedandcontinuetosuffersubstantialand

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irreparabledamageswhicharelikelytocontinueinthefuture.

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COUNTVI

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LOSSOFCONSORTIUM

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65.

Plaintiffsincorporatebyreferenceallforegoingparagraphsand

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allegationsasiffullysetforthherein.

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Asa directandproximate resultofDefendants'actionsandinactions,

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PlaintiffsEricNoyesandLeslieNoyeshavesufferedandcontinueto suffera lossof

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consortium.

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WHEREFOREPlaintiffsprayforjudgment againstDefendants,andeachof

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them,asfollows:

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A. Forcompensatory,specialandgeneraldamages;

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B. Forcosts,expensesandexpertsfeesandcosts;

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C. Forattorneys'fees,ifallowedunderanystatutoryorcommonlaw

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authority;

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D. Forpre-andpost-judgment interestatthehighestlegalrateavailable

onallamountsfromtheearliestpossibledateuntilpaid; and

E. ForsuchandfurtherreliefastheCourtdeemsappropriate.

4 DATEDthis

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tn d.y of September,2012.

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KIRSCH.GOODWIN& KIRSCH.PLLC

8900E. PinnaclePeakRoad,Suite250

Scottsdale,Arizona85255

Attorneysfor Plaintifts

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