This segment from our 461 page Variant Configuration manual is being made available as a sample of our training

manuals. Please contact David.Haynes@ERPtips.com if you have any SAP training needs, or visit www.ERPtips.com for more information.
Written by Jocelyn Hayes Published by Klee Associates, Inc.
Copyright Klee Associates, Inc., 2010

Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data
In Unit 1, Variant Configuration Overview, we briefly covered the master data used to support the Variant Configuration process. In this unit, we will perform a deeper dive as well as get some hands-on practice in building our own master data.

We will review, demonstrate, and create the following master data:

Material Master Super Bill of Material Super Routing

Material Master
In this section, we will perform the following: Display the Material Master and Discuss Key Fields used for VC Demonstrate how to Create a Configurable Material Master Perform an Exercise to Create a Configurable Material Master

Let's review the scenario for when it makes sense to use a configurable material versus creating a unique material master record for every possible configuration of your product.

Consider an automobile that can have literally hundreds of variations based on engine, trim, color, make, model, audio options, navigation options, and so on. Many of those options are dependent on each other. For example, if you choose a specific trim package, certain colors may not be available for the interior of the automobile. Variant Configuration allows you to 'code' dependencies based on other decisions to restrict the user from selecting an option that is not available.
Variant Configuration
SAPtips Sample Variant Configuration Material Master

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You can also drive characteristics to be chosen based on other selections. For example, if the user chooses the CD audio package, they may also be asked if they want a premium sound system or not, whereas they may not have that option if they chose the stock radio that does not have a CD. All of these decision trees can be developed into the system using variant configuration.

Demonstration: Display Material Master – Configurable Material
In this step, we will revisit displaying the material master and the key fields used for variant configuration and configurable materials.

To display the material master, follow these steps:

1. Execute the Display Material Master Transaction

Menu Path: Logistics Sales and Distribution Other Material Display

Master Data

Products

Transaction Code: MM03

2. Enter the following on the Display Material: Initial Screen and press Enter.

Field Material

Value T-VPC99

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Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data

3. Select the following views and press Enter:

4. Enter the following organizational levels and press Enter:

Variant Configuration ECC 6.0

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5. Review the fields in the Basic Data 1 view:

Field General Item Category Group

Use Used to determine the item category on the sales order. If this value is also maintained on the Sales Org 2 view at the distribution channel level, it overrides the value maintained on the Basic Data view.

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Inc. 03/17/10 5 . along with the item categories and item category groups of the subordinate items.0 Rev. Item Categories control whether a sales order line item: Has pricing Is billable Posts to inventory Transfers requirements to MRP The screen shot below illustrates where you can find item category on the sales order: A bill of material for a configurable product can have materials that are finished products and trading goods and have their own material masters and their own item category groups. We will not go into great detail in this class about the many scenarios you can have with configurable materials and their BOMs.Klee Associates. which determine whether these subordinate items are pricing relevant or they transfer requirements to MRP. but the key point here is that the combination of the superior configurable item category and item category group. determine whether the individual components and header items will be pricing relevant and whether they transfer requirements to MRP. Variant Configuration ECC 6. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Let's revisit the concept of Item Category.

Inc.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. The standard option. Activates material variant matching. Allows an Available to Promise check for found material variants. D. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . allows the configuration profile to determine the extent of BOM explosion. or develop your own custom code to fine tune the checks performed during configuration. Controls BOM explosion. Material Variant Action ATP Material Variant Structure scope Variant Matching 6 Rev. Controls the systems reaction to found material variants. Field Configuration Strategy Use Allows you to override the standard call of the value assignment interface.

Inc. Click this button to maintain the configuration of the material variant.Klee Associates. Press Enter and review the fields in the Basic Data 2 view: Field Cross-plant CM Material is configurable Value Used when creating a material variant. Do not check this box if this is a material variant. 03/17/10 7 . Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 6. Variant Configuration ECC 6. Indicates that this is the configurable material. Check this box if you are creating a material variant.0 Rev. Variant Configure Variant button We will review material variants in more detail in the unit on that topic.

Inc. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 8 Rev. Press Enter and select the Class type for Variants. 7.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates.

03/17/10 9 . Inc. Class Variant Configuration ECC 6.Klee Associates. Class 200 is used for class items. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 8. Defines the class that holds the characteristics that will define the configuration of the material. which allow you to assign one value on the classification screen. This will be covered in more detail in the section of this unit on BOMs. Press Enter and review the fields in Classification view: Field Class Type Value Class 300 is used for variant classes.0 Rev. which will select the variant part from the BOM.

Inc. 9. 1 view: None of the fields on the Sales Org. Review the fields on the Sales Org. 1 view are relevant for Variant Configuration. Click to navigate to the next view. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 10 Rev.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 10.

Grp Item category group Value Copied from the Basic Data view Used to determine the item category on the sales order. Press Enter and review the fields on the Sales Org. Item cat. Variant Configuration ECC 6. Field Gen.Klee Associates. Inc. Item cat. If left blank.0 Rev. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 11. 2 view. 03/17/10 11 . SAP uses the Gen. Group to determine the item category for the sales order item.

Inc. 12 Rev. Press Enter and review the fields on the Sales General Plant view: None of the fields on the Sales General Plant view are relevant for Variant Configuration.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 12.

03/17/10 13 . Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 13. MRP Type Variant Configuration ECC 6. Press Enter and review the fields on the MRP 1 view: Field MRP Group Value The MRP group is used to define planning parameters for the material to be used during Material Requirements Planning. Reorder Point Planning. Inc. based on requirements for Sales and Production orders. or traditional MRP. Examples include Forecast Based Planning.Klee Associates. Determines how the product will be planned during MRP. This is further defined in the sub-section below.0 Rev.

MRP Group The MRP group combines various parameters used to control how SAP plans a material during MRP.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. or Lot-for-lot order quantity. If a material does not have an MRP group assigned. which means SAP will suggest you produce or order exactly the number required by the order requirements. The following screen shot illustrates the various settings controlled by the MRP Group: 14 Rev. Inc. the Strategy Group assigned on the MRP 3 view will override the Strategy Group maintained for the MRP Group on the material. Many of these settings can be maintained specific to the material master on the MRP views. Field Lot Size Value For make-to-order products. for example. you should select EX. SAP will use the settings defined for the plant. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration .

The following screen shot shows all the possible planning strategies defined for Planning Strategy Group = 25. Inc. A planning strategy group is assigned to the MRP Group as shown below: The planning strategy group combines possible planning strategies that can be assigned in the material master.0 Rev. Variant Configuration ECC 6. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Strategy Group The first setting is the strategy group.Klee Associates. 03/17/10 15 .

which can be based on a sales order or demand management (sales planning). it does not make sense to tie it to an independent requirement. not specifically from a sales order or a customer requirement. Independent requirements come from sales plans. Notice that this example planning strategy for make-to-order configurable materials does not have a requirements type for independent requirements. and since this is for a make-to-order item. Planning Strategy The planning strategy represents the procedure used for planning a material. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . It is defined by a requirements type. Inc.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. The configuration settings for the planning strategy are shown here: Requirement Types The requirements types for which this planning strategy applies are assigned here. 16 Rev.

Klee Associates. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Requirements Class The settings that are grayed out in the screen shot above come from the settings on the requirements class. Inc. 046.0 Rev. The configuration for the requirements class is shown in the next screen shot: As we learned in unit 1. The requirement type comes from the Variant Configuration ECC 6. Requirements Classes contain settings for: Planning indicator Consumption indicator Configuration allowed/required Configuration consumption Requirements reduction indicator Requirements type The requirements class is derived from the planning strategy from the material master and the requirements type. 03/17/10 17 .

above). The Requirements Class controls: Whether there will be an availability check and requirements transfer for a transaction Whether the requirement is relevant for MRP How customer requirements consume independent requirements Whether an item will be posted to an auxiliary account assignment Transfer of Requirements to MRP is based on: Requirements Type Requirement Class Check Group Schedule Line Category Review of Settings Let's work backwards from the sales order and review all of these settings we have discussed. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . Sales Order item category = material master item category group + order type 2. Strategy group (assigned to) MRP Group (assigned to) Material Master Now that we have completed our deep dive into material master settings relevant to configurable materials and side-stepped from the Display Material Master demonstration. let's return to where we were (Step 13. combination of the item category of the sales order line item and the MRP type of the material master. Requirements class = material master planning strategy + requirements type 4. 18 Rev.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 1. Material Master Planning Strategy (included in) Strategy group 5. Inc. Requirements type = sales order item category + material master MRP type 3.

Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 14.0 Rev. 03/17/10 19 . Variant Configuration ECC 6. Press Enter and review the fields on the MRP 2 view: None of the fields on the MRP 2 view are relevant for Variant Configuration. Inc.Klee Associates.

03/17/10 Variant Configuration .Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 15. Press Enter and review the fields on the MRP 3 view: Field Strategy Group Value Defined earlier 20 Rev. Inc.

Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 16.0 Rev.Klee Associates. Press Enter and review the fields on the MRP 4 view: Field Individual/collective Value Select 1 for configurable materials. 03/17/10 21 . Variant Configuration ECC 6. Inc.

This basically drives what can be changed in the production process and when it can or cannot be changed. 17. you need to define a profile that allows overall change (standard value is PP0001). Inc. Press Enter and review the fields on the Work Scheduling view: Field Overall Profile Usage To enable order change management.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 22 Rev. Exit the transaction.

In this step.0 Rev. Inc. and the optional equipment will select specific BOM components. Variant Configuration ECC 6. Execute the Create Material Master Transaction Menu Path: Logistics Sales and Distribution Other Material Create Master Data Products Transaction Code: MM01 2. The material we are creating is a generic configurable material that has 3 configurable selections. the second is the model. The material will always be built with a base component (Z_BASE) which we will discuss when we build the Bill of Material in the next step. Enter the following on the Create Material: Initial Screen and press Enter. The first selection is the color. and the third is the optional equipment.Klee Associates. we will copy from an existing material that was created for the purposes of this class. 03/17/10 23 . The material will select a specific routing based on the color. let's create one. follow these steps: 1. To create a material master. In this demonstration. we will revisit displaying the material master and the key fields used for variant configuration and configurable materials. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Demonstration: Create a Configurable Material Master Now that we have completed the deep dive of the material master.

Inc. you will need to use a material type other than the configurable material type that includes the Plant/Storage views and Accounting views. which is a standard SAP configurable material. and select the 'Configurable Material' indicator on the Basic Data 2 view. we select material type KMAT. The following screen shot is for reference purposes to show the configuration for the KMAT material type: 24 Rev. system will assign> M KMAT – Configurable Material 2294 Material Type In this demonstration. such as trading goods or finished products. It is also possible to select other material types. If you wish to stock the material or create a material variant of the material.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . Field Material Industry Sector Material Type Copy From Value <leave blank.

03/17/10 25 .Klee Associates. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Variant Configuration ECC 6. Inc.0 Rev.

Select the following views and press Enter: 4. Enter the following organizational levels and press Enter: 26 Rev.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 3. Inc.

0 Rev. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 5.Klee Associates. Inc. Review the fields in the Basic Data 1 view and press Enter: Field Description Value Test Configurable Material YXX Variant Configuration ECC 6. 03/17/10 27 .

This is because the material type is a KMAT. Inc. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 6. Review the fields in the Basic Data 2 view and press Enter: Field Material is configurable Value Notice you cannot change this setting.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 28 Rev.

Inc. 03/17/10 29 .Klee Associates. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 7. Variant Configuration ECC 6.0 Rev. Select the class type for variants – 300 and press Enter.

Inc. Remove the class copied from the 'copy from' material by selecting the row with the class name and clicking the Delete icon.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 8. 30 Rev.

Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 9. Inc. 03/17/10 31 .0 Rev. Enter the class you created in the previous unit and click the next view.Klee Associates. to navigate to Variant Configuration ECC 6.

Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. Inc. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 1 view and press Enter: 32 Rev. Review the fields on the Sales Org. 10.

Inc.Klee Associates. Review the fields on the Sales Org. 03/17/10 33 .0 Rev. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 11. 2 view and press Enter. Variant Configuration ECC 6.

Inc. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . 12. Review the fields on the Sales General Plant view and press Enter: 34 Rev.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates.

Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 13.Klee Associates. 03/17/10 35 . Inc.0 Rev. Review the fields on the MRP 1 view and press Enter: Variant Configuration ECC 6.

Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. Review the fields on the MRP 3 view and press Enter: 36 Rev. 14. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . Review the fields on the MRP 2 view and press Enter: 15. Inc.

Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 16. Inc.Klee Associates. Review the fields on the Work Scheduling view and press Enter: Variant Configuration ECC 6.0 Rev. Review the fields on the MRP 4 view and press Enter: 17. 03/17/10 37 .

Review the fields on the Work Scheduling view and press Enter: 38 Rev. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . Inc. 18.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates.

Select Yes on the following screen to save your material master record: Record your Material Master number here: _______________ Variant Configuration ECC 6. Review the fields on the Work Scheduling view and press Enter: 20.0 Rev. Inc.Klee Associates. Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data 19. 03/17/10 39 .

Inclusion of the concepts in this book in any internal client training material is allowed if the source of the concepts is acknowledged as follows: Copyright 2010 All rights reserved.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. Inc. Copy from the material as shown in the demonstration. and is sold or is part of an ERPtips class with the following conditions: The manual will be used for your personal professional development. Used with permission. 03/17/10 Variant Configuration . Be sure to check that you create the material in the correct plant and sales area. Exercise: Create a Configurable Material Master Follow the demonstration steps to create a Configurable Material Master. Inc. constitutes an implied agreement by the purchaser to a limited. specifically for purposes limited to improving your personal knowledge of SAP software which does not in any way compete with Klee Associates. unless copyright permissions for copying have been acquired from Klee Associates. Inc. license granted to the purchaser by Klee Associates. The manual will not be used to conduct training classes by you or other individuals. 40 Rev.. without the written permission of Klee Associates. Inc. This manual is protected by copyright law. Inc. Record your Material Master number here: ___________________ Legal Speak: Purchase of this book or acquisition at an ERPtips class. The manual will not be physically copied for distribution to other individuals or converted to an electronic copy for distribution to other individuals. Klee Associates.

Inc. Inc. SAP AG software referred to on this site is furnished under license agreements between SAP AG and its customers and can be used only within the terms of such agreements. No Affiliation: Klee Associates. Any use of this documentation is at the risk of the user. Variant Configuration SAPtips Sample Variant Configuration Material Master Rev.Unit 3: Variant Configuration Master Data Klee Associates. and newsletters.ERPtips. 03/17/10 41 . www.com ERPtips is a registered trademark of Klee Associates. Inc. Klee Associates reserves the right to make changes without prior notice. Visit our web site for more information about upcoming training. ERPtips is a valued resource for thousands of clients and consultants worldwide. this document may include technical or other inaccuracies or typographical errors. SAP AG is a registered trademark of SAP AG. All other product names used herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. books. Although we make every good faith effort to ensure accuracy. and Klee Associates makes no warranty as to its accuracy or use. and this publication are not affiliated with or endorsed by SAP AG. NO WARRANTY: This documentation is delivered as is.

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