Particle Kinematics: One Dimensional Motion, Graphical Methods & Relative Motion
1. . A point P moves along a straight line such that its acceleration is given by a = 5i + 2s + 1 m/s2, where s is the distance moved in meters. When s = 0 its speed is zero. Find its speed when s = 5 m. Answer: 21.83 m/s A particle moves along a straight line such that after a time t seconds, its velocity v is v = (15 - 8t) m/s. What is the displacement of the particle after 5 seconds, measured from the point where t equals zero? Find also the total distance travelled in the 5 seconds. Answer: 53.12 m A city bus has a maximum speed of 100 km/h. It can accelerate from rest at a constant rate of 1.6 m/s'', and can brake with a constant deceleration of 2.0 m/s ' without discomfort to the passengers. How long does the bus take to cover a distance of 200 m, starting from and finishing at rest? Answer: 21.22 s
v [m/s]








t[s] 30 48

A car travels along a straight road with the speed shown by the speed-time (v-t) graph. Determine the total distance the car travels until it stops when t = 48 s. Also plot the distancetime (s-t) and rate-of-change-of-speed graph (a-t). Answer: 144 m

5. Two planes, A and B, are flying at the same altitude. If their velocities are VA = 600 km/h and VB = 500 kmlh such that the angle between their straight-line courses is = 75°, determine the velocity of plane B with respect to plane A. Answer: 874."82km/h, 41.49°




A particle is moving in a motion which can be considered as simple harmonic. Its velocity when passing through a point 200 mm from the midposition is 2 m/s, whereas its maximum velocity is 3 m/s. For the above particle, determine the amplitude of the oscillations, the number of oscillations per minute and its maximum acceleration. Answer: 0.268 m, 106.9 osc/min, 33.56 m/s2

02 t3. The thrust imparts a ~-------FC ~J horizontal component of acceleration of 5 m/s". A rocket maintains a horizontal attitude during the powered . The speed of the car at the bottom A is 100 kmIh and at the top C .95 mI S2 y 2. along the 15° direction of its trajectory is 15'103 kmlh. 3. Answer: 2. represented.45 rn/s''. the acceleration at the inflection point B. what are horizontal and vertical components of its acceleration? Answer: -11. 1. the velocity of the mass center of the rocket .. At the instant .'1 ~- 1 6.35'106 m.77'10-3 rad/s. Calculate the magnitudes of the velocity and acceleration of the slider for the instant when t = 2 s.5 mls. Answer: 293 m. the rate at which the speed v is.40en+7. 1. 19. Path & Polar Coordinates) The nozzle of a garden hose is held at a height 1. The distance from A to C is 200 m. 7. Simultaneously. Answer: 4. which is g = 9 m/s'. where is in radians and t in seconds.5 m/s''. For this p~sition determine the radius of curvature of the flight trajectory.02 where r is in meters and t in seconds.._ _ _ 5 m/s2 phase of its flight at high altitude.94 mls2 5. and the vector expression for the total acceleration of the rocket. ~i~~~~!le\ 1 -c . 1.W\c. The water jest is discharged with a velocity of 7..4 m above the ground. 0.46 m A point is following a curved path and at a particular instant the radius of curvature of the path is 15 m. 'and the Horizontal .. .1 t + 0. and the total acceleration C. increasing. .1 m/s2 e e t. the power screw in the arm engages the slider B and controls its distance from 0 according to r = 0.49 m/s" 4. Answer: 0. b Particle Kinematics: Two Dimensional Motion (Rectangular. Rotation of the radially slotted arm is governed by = 0.16 m/s". the angular rate jJ of the radial line from the mass centre to the centre of curvature.••••~_ V = 15(103) kmlh downward acceleration component is the acceleration due to . 7. A 150 The car travels from point A to C decelerating uniformly. A point P is following a circular path of radius 10 m at a constant speed of 15 mls.. If the total acceleration at A is 3 mls2 and if the radius of curvature of the road at C is 150 m. Determine the magnitude of the total acceleration. gravity at that altitude. calculate the radius of curvature at A. 1.. as indicated in the figure.1 + 0.1 mls.50 kmIh.25 m/s". The speed of the point is 8 mls and its component of acceleration tangential to the path is 2..16etmls2 . When the point reaches the position shown in figure. What is the radius reached by the water stream if the nozzle is held upward at 25° to the horizontal? Answer: 6. .

which has a velocity of 50 kmlh. At the instant when () = 40°.55 m/s. For the position shown. what is the total time duration t of the test? Answer: 72 s a [m/s ] 2 2 5 t [s] The sport car is originally travelling at speed of 10 m/s when it is subjected to the acceleration shown in the graph. 41.21i+3. -3. held at this speed for 8 s. r = 1000 m/s.66J m/s .19 rad/s 6 In the mechanism shown in figure. (b) . and then decelerated uniformly to rest.just after it leaves the end of the arm. Answer: 1304.just before it leaves the end of the arm.8 m/s and the arms rotate at a constant angular velocity of 250 rev/min. dimensions are given: AB = BC = 1 m.~~\J le. Water flows out along the arms at a constant radial velocity of 0. Vc = 0. the elements of the motor are accelerated uniformly from rest to a speed of 1500 rev/min.92 s ""'--------~ The lawn sprinkler shown in figure has two horizontal radial arms each 100 mm long that rotate about a vertical axis. Find also the angular velocity of the skier around the boat. and e = 0. For this position prove that the manoeuvre is really increasing the speed of the skier (comparatively to the speed of the boat) by determining the velocity v A of the skier.81 m/s''. What is the acceleration of an element of water: (a) . the tracking data give r = 6'104 m. path of the skier makes an angle /3=60° with the towrope. For the instant when () = 40°. 1. ~ Particle Kinematics: (Rectangular. Answer: 80. Answer: 76. the actual .0 m/s2 vertically down.38i+6.61 kmIh.69'10-4 rad/s2 4 5 The water skier A cuts across the wake of the towboat B. Determine the car's maximum speed and the time tJ taken when it stops. the following . Answer: VCIB = 3. Path & Polar Coordinates) 1 For tests on an electric motor.83j m/s.80 deg/s..33 m/s2 A tracking radar lies in the vertical plane of the path of a rocket that is coasting in unpowered flight above the atmosphere. Ifthe test is to last for 1000 revolutions. 4. Answer: 60 m/s. The acceleration of the rocket is due only to gravitational attraction and for its particular altitude is 9. determine the velocity of C relative to B and the absolute velocity of C. For these conditions determine the velocity v of the rocket and the values of i: and ii .

The gravitational force acts in the C-y) direction. Determine its velocity when t=3.1.3 t2 N) is applied to the particle. Answer: a = 3.07 m/s . measured in mls. Determine the velocity of the block A as it hits the ground. which makes an angle of 35° to the horizontal. 67. by a cord. The static coefficient of friction between the conveyor and the box is f-l = 0. Assuming that m.02v2 N. The shell has an initial velocity of 40 mls. Answer: 5.3 N/kg. Determine the shortest time the conveyor can stop without the box being shifted.35 kN p 5. > m.73 mls 6.15. Answer: 2. Determine the acceleration of the car and the total force exerted by the supporting cable on the wheels. The car is controlled by the attached horizontal cable under a tension of P = 2 kN.58 m 4. At time t=O the velocity of the particle has components vx=500 m/s. = 2t N..3 kg moves freely in gravitational field of intensity 2.5 kg shell vertically upward.55 m. A cannon fires 7. and that there is no resistance to motion calculate the acceleration and tension in the cord. vy=300 mls and the force R C components R. 2.0 s. Answer: 5.' It runs on ski lift cable. = 0. R. &R o ~do o Particle Kinetics: Equation of Motion A box A of 15 kg is being transported by a conveyor belt. Determine the maximum height to which it travels if (a) atmospheric resistance is neglected. v is the speed at any instant.30 m/s''. Answer: 610.04 s 3m/s 2. is attached to the freely hanging mass m. A particle of mass 0. Mass m. The 200-kg skip is being pulled up the 25° ramp by the ISO-kg concrete block A which is released from rest in the position shown. (b) the atmospheric resistance is measured as R = O. A small inspection car that is being used to inspect ski lifts cables has a mass of 150 kg. which moves at 3 mls.45. The cord passes over a light frictionless pulley. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the skip and the ramp is 0. Answer: 81.