▼ ❑ Week 1 ▼ ❑


▼ ❑ Midterm • ❑T/F and MC ▼ ❑ Final - 3 hours ▼ ❑ maps • ❑20 marks just to label a map! • ❑ ▼ ❑

▼ ❑ Mythological/generational time • ❑for the Greeks, mythology was 'real' • ❑generational time is problematic because it is variable, it is not
measurable with much accuracy.

▼ ❑ Oral: Public and Private events • ❑written history does not really appear until the 5th century • ❑olympic games, religious office holders, these could be referred to
for some kind of historical accounts.

▼ ❑ Written: Public and Private Events • ❑appears around the 5th century • ❑lists of magistrates for example which changed every year and
provide a timeline of sorts

▼ ❑ Thucydides • ❑a general in the battle between Sparta and Athens, was fired • ❑then is a historian, perhaps the first historian for Greece • ❑The thirty years truce is a historical event that was recorded. Treaties
were signed at Olympia, creating a written record, a written date/historical point.

▼ ❑ Periodization (These dates will be on the midterm) • ❑Late Bronze Age c.1600-c.1200 ▼ ❑ Dark Age c1100-c700 • ❑Sometimes referred to the "Iron Age" • ❑Early historians had very little knowledge about this period and
thus referred to it as such

▼ ❑ Archaic c700-480 • ❑480 - the first date that is not 'circa' because it can be said with
some degree of authority, where on the historical timeline events are taking place

the bones of the second grave indicate affluence. and created stories. • ❑Gold objects . parts added. The reason for movement is not entirely clear. it must have been imported either as raw material or as finished . • ❑Mycenaeans were militaristic. parts taken out. they are embellished.found here. they show no signs of malnutrition for example.stories of the Mycenaeans were passed down by generation until Homer put them to text in the Ilyad and the Odyssey. ▼ ❑ A second grave site . and was built later. Cultural artefacts provide clues. • ❑Cyclopeian (spelling?) .Migrants move into Greece. so it is possible that Greeks in the Dark Age period looked at the remains of the Mycenaean culture.a site of early archaeological investigation that informed contemporary understandings of the 'Mycenaean' culture ▼ ❑ Historical Accounts ▼ ❑ Oral tradition . ▼ ❑ Mythology • ❑At the end of the Bronze Age there was a break in culture.▼ ❑ Classical 480-323 • ❑323 . • ❑of course these stories are not 'factual' per se. but Gold is not found in Greece. more artefacts. but do not offer precise dates. ▼ ❑ Controlled an area of: • ❑Crete to the south • ❑Olympis to the west • ❑Thessaly to the north • ❑the islands lined along the south west coast of Asia Minor • ❑Early Bronze Age (2200-1900) .Death of Alexander the Great • ❑Hellenistic 323--146 ▼ ❑ Mycenaeans • ❑1600-1200 • ❑The history of this time is approximate. Some people propose climate change but this may be more symbolic of contemporary fashion than actual cause.This grave site is a link to the Minoans.giants invented by Greek authors to explain the massive structures of the Mycenaean culture.this site has more cultural objects. to outside cultures. ▼ ❑ Early Grave Circles (shaft) at Mycenae c1600-c1500 • ❑First Grave site . secondly. suggesting that the culture was becoming wealthier. aggressive. and from them Greece unfolds. • ❑Mycenae .

and bureaucratic elite • ❑note that not everyone is literate though. ▼ ❑ linear B (Ventris).c1450-1200 ▼ ❑ Knossos c1450 .artefact.a tomb shaped like a beehive.another site • ❑found more written documents • ❑destroyed a little later than Knossos ▼ ❑ Script . ▼ ❑ Wanax • ❑Ruler/King in Mycenaean Period • ❑Lawagetas . Pylos.c1375 • ❑Presence of Mycenaeans at Knossos which is a central place of Minoan culture.Syllabic • ❑Called Linear B (Linear A was the Minoan language) ▼ ❑ Palace Archives . ▼ ❑ Mycenaean . ▼ ❑ Mycenaean tholos c1500 • ❑signs of massive buildings ▼ ❑ tholos . and produce expected from land ▼ ❑ suggests that Mycenaeans were 'palace' centred • ❑palace centred economic and administrative ▼ ❑ 'redistributed economy' • ❑surplus from the economy is used by the elite for trade outside the community • ❑well structured. scribes were. Brining raw materials together. on pots. but the important thing is the construction process.a spaced dedicated to the Elite for living space and records are kept • ❑administrative and economic • ❑landholding. the masses were not. • ❑writing discovered on tablets. and construction. designing/engineering.military commander • ❑Qasireu . • ❑this suggests an elite class with the control to manage and lead this work. syllabic • ❑Michael Ventris deciphered the language • ❑Tells us about administration and economy of Mycenaeans ▼ ❑ Pylos .lower level military leader .

olive oil. a wall built around the palace. the demos. this was a military strategy. the workers. ▼ ❑ An image of Mycenae • ❑a hillside setting. possibly exported wool.special painted plaster • ❑Minoans . as well as the graveyard. also military strategy. ominous. wood. ▼ ❑ View from Palace at Pylos • ❑Mycenaeans tended to be build on the hillside. and surrounding residence. however they do seem to recognize Zeus. could be interpreted as 'the people' ▼ ❑ Architecture • ❑more elaborate buildings appearing • ❑Megaraon • ❑Frescoes . ▼ ❑ Frescoes ▼ ❑ Mycenaeans • ❑tend to like processions as images • ❑liked hunting scenes and religious scenes • ❑ . heavy.formal.didn't have a lot of resources.also had frescoes and palaces • ❑Perhaps Mycenaeans are appropriating Minoan culture • ❑Mycenaeans . the people.▼ ❑ Damos • ❑demos = people • ❑Damos = greek dialectic equivalent of Demos • ❑so damos then means a group of people living in the outside area. • ❑Lion Gate . • ❑outside the walls. but it is not clear what their religious practices were. • ❑a cult centre is there. we of course have little knowledge of the workers ▼ ❑ An image of a Megaron • ❑the central hall has 20 foot ceilings with a central circle that burns a fire and four pillars around it.