# COMPLETE SOLUTIONS TO

8 Hardest SAT Word Problems Ever
1. (18) Our goal is to find how old Ann is now. We are given that Mary is 24 years old. Therefore we have all three sets and 8 total have sets Y and Z in common, there are 4 left that ONLY have sets Y and Z in common.

Marynow = 24
Now we are given that Mary is twice as old as Ann was when Mary was as old as Ann is now. There are four ages for both Mary and Ann that we need to consider.

X 4 4

Y

Marybefore = Marynow = Marybefore = Marynow = 24

Annbefore = Annnow = Annbefore = Annnow = ?
Z

We already have one age, and we are looking for another.

Now we are told the Mary ( Mary ) is twice as old as

⎛ Mary ⎞ ⎛ Mary ⎞ = ⎟ Ann was ⎜ = Annbefore ⎟ , when ⎜ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ Mary ( Mary ) was as old as ( Mary = ) Ann is now

Now we are also given that each member of set Y is contained in at least one of the other two sets. So that means there is nobody who is ONLY in set Y. So we have

X 4 4

( Mary = Annnow ) .

0

Y

We have

⎛ Mary ⎞ = Annbefore ⎟ ⎜ ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎛ Annnow ⎞ = Annbefore ⎟ ⎜ ⎝ 2 ⎠
Alternate explanation: The problem is stating that Mary is twice as old as Ann was when Mary was Ann’s age. In other words, when Mary was Ann’s age, Ann was 12. Since the difference in age between Mary and Ann will always be the same, Ann must be 18. So now Mary is 24 and Ann is 18. When Mary was Ann’s age (18), Ann was 12. 2. ( 19 ) Our goal is to find how many members are in set Y. Now we are given that sets X, Y and Z have 4 members in common. We can use a Venn-diagram to display this.

Z Now we are also given that sets X and Y are a total of 15 members in common. Since 4 are common in all three sets, then there are 11 people (15-4=11) who are ONLY in sets X and Y. So we have

X

11 4 4

0

Y

X 4

Y Z Since we are looking for the the total number of members in set Y, we can add all four components in the Y circle above. So we have

Y = 11 + 4 + 4 + 0 Y = 19

Z Now we are told that sets Y and Z have a total of 8 members in common. Note that since 4 are common in