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Time Management: Islamic Solutions
Introduction Allocating time Scheduling the time allocations Sample timetable

Introduction to time management in Islam
Time management is an important part of everyone's life. Without time management, corporate life in the (According to the West) modern world does not even start. For students too, the success in exams/assignments/projects is all dependent upon this important part. The Western civilizations have come up with different schemes of time management. However Islam gave the beautiful ways to manage time. Not only does it gives advice on time management, it also provides 5 pegs in the daily timetable when one can relax and also use them as synchronizing one's time. These pegs are the 5 prayers. Although it would take a whole book of several volumes to discuss all the details of this very important topic, we shall suffice to give only a few examples and details Insha Allah (If God Wishes). The Rasool Ullah Sall Allah Ho Alaihe Wa Sallam used to divide His time in three main portions. 1. Time for Himself (Alone) 2. Time for family 3. Time for other people In addition, in the Naqshbandiya Tareeqah, one has to take care of each breath. (Called Hosh Dar Dumm) meaning that one should be careful that one's moments in life are not spent in wasteful activities. Rather at all times, one keeps oneself in the Zikr of Allah. Now, that is only possible if one is aware of the passing of days/hours and minutes. Hence again, we need to have a timetable for ourselves. Our Shayookh ask mubtadee (starter) students even to account for their times and create a daily timetable and routine. As you shall see Insha Allah, the routine can have everything from sleeping to playing sports to giving time to family etc. Similarly, we can manage our time in two steps: 1. Divide time 2. Allocate time In addition, please remember that in Islam, a small thing done with consistency is considered to be much better than a large thing done only a few times. Then "Isteqamah" (Consistency on following Shariah) is considered higher than Karamaah (miracles from Awlia Allah) And Awlia Allah always guide their students (Fuqaraa) to consider sticking to one's routine to be the highest priority as much as possible.

(First 2 +) Sirr 5 min.) :30 Food/Meals: 30 X 3 = 1:30 Exercise/sports :30 Total = 6 + 2:50 + :30 + 9:30 + 2 + :30 + :30 + 1:30 + :30 = 23:50 Note: Why 45 min. 1 hr. Monitor your timetable closely and make changes when required. e. depending upon one's asbaaq and guidance by one's Shaykh. this may be used to give enough time for the longer muraqaba. If one is self-employed. as a suggestion for people who need to do zikr in lataif . Although this example is for people living in North America but can be easily adapted to map on to any time and place Insha Allah. (First 5 +) Nafs 5 min. What works for one may not work for another. .. (First 3 +) Khafi 5 min. next time.2 Here is a sample timetable. Insha Allah.) + teaching them/spending time or muraqaba etc. e. Please also note that this is for a working person. Time for family: playing with kids (1 hr. (Qalb +) Rooh 5 min. one can do 5-10 minutes of muraqaba with each prayers. Please note that there is no hard and fast rules. (First 4 +) Ikhfaa 5 min.. Muraqaba (Blue is Muraqaba) = 2:50 Starting tasbeehat of tareeqah (e. Qalb 10 min. + 1:30 hr preparation + travel (say) = 9:30 hrs. allocate ample time for it so that your complete timetable overall does not suffer. you may want to change the timetable so as to add more sunnahs such as sleeping during the day as well as other times for muraqaba such as between Zuhr/Asr and/or Asr/Maghrib as preferred by the Holy Qura'an. (First 6 + )Qaalib (Sultan Ul Azkaar) 5 min. (Wa Sabbehuho Bukratawn Wa Aseela) (And Praise Allah in the morning and the evening) The following sample division of time for a working person or student and especially for the starter of the path (Some things have been taken as maximum time for the sample.g. too) Office (including preparation and travel) : 8 hrs. Please be flexible and proactive. If you find out that a thing cannot be performed in X number of hours. Usually they may take lesser time though) In addition.) : Darood 2-3 + Kalima 2-3 + Other = :30 (Normally can be completed while performing other tasks or walking around etc. = 2 hours Reading Tafseer:30 min Reading other books (Fiqh etc.g. top Step 1: Time allocation: Sleep: 6 hrs Prayers (To ensure being consistent in Muraqaba. students can change the time for office to time for college/school etc.. minimum longer muraqaba at tahajjad time? Although not necessary to be that much.g. other than that one can perform muraqaba whenever one gets even a minute of free time.) Fajr (15 + 5 min) + Zuhr (15 + 5 min) + Asr (10 + 5 min) + Maghrib (10 + 5 min) + Isha (30 + 5 min) + Tahajjud (20 + 45 min) = 1:40 min prayers + 1:10 min.

if you would look closely. you can first take breakfast and prepare to go to office/school etc. they can e. the pointer is now at 5:30 + :20 = 5:50 AM + 1:00 (For Tafseer + fiqh) Now. and say it takes 9:30 hours for breakfast including travel (You may have some of your prayers and muraqaba and lunch during office now which gives you extra time. That means now. Now.g. In addition. i. the times above are really flexible e. it does not take :30 min to do Tasbeehat. one can adjust the times so that if one task takes too little time. if other than this. the time is around 7:20 AM. kitchen (for housewife sisters) or meetings (for working people) etc. for most people. one may sleep before or at the time calculated as following: T = Sleep + tahajjud/Muraqaba = 6 + 1:05 = 7:05 Maximum time to go to sleep = 5:30 AM (Fajr time) . Also. ) . say doing muraqaba etc.7:05 hours = Approximately 10:25 PM (Please note that the preferable time to go to sleep is immediately after Isha though) Then it may take say around 20 minutes for fajr. So. Please note that we can use the pegs for prayer times to be our guides so that a task can be say 30 minutes before Isha or say 10 minutes after zuhr. driving. Now. we can still manage to do just about everything as long as each thing is done according to the rules of Islam e. In addition.g. one can spend in something like. the pointer is at 7:20 AM (One can also do muraqaba or tasbeehat or study of the books till say sunrise around 7:05 AM approximately in case one did not get up for muraqaba at tahajjad so as to compensate.T (Above time) = 5:30 .e. you can spend :30 minutes for exercise. So. Without going to extremes and at the correct time. the next thing is to convert this to a valid timetable. one gets more free time.3 (10 minutes = Approximately 500 times Zikr of Ism E Zaat Allah from lataif) top Step 2: Applying the time allocations As we can see above. add that as an activity etc. rather they can be done while doing other chores. one can use that time for another too. For scholars who have interaction with other people. North America (eastern Time) January Prayer times are about: Fajr: 5:30 So.g. even giving such flexible times to various things.

8:05 Left over Tasbeehat: 8:05 .e.6:50 Exercise: 6:50 -.5:50 Tafseer: 5:50 -. : 5:20 -. one can use similar ideas to generate one's time table and try to stick to it as much as possible. Spend time with family + dinner i. putting this in a schedule.5:30 Fajr + Muraqaba : 5:30 -.7:20 Breakfast = 7: 20 -. So. In particular scenarios. 2 hours + :30 and meanwhile say Isha at 6:27 So.4 So we are now at 7:20 AM + :30 + 9:30 = 17:20 or 5:20 PM (Zuhr + Asr + Maghrib times come during office/travel so we ensure to say them on time + do associated muraqaba. top . if possible) Now.5:20 PM Teaching children and family + combined muraqaba + Isha + playing with them/home work etc.6:20 Fiqh etc.7:50 Office prep. now the pointer is at 5:20 PM + 2:00 + :35 + :30 = 8:05 PM If you have not completed tasbeehat till now.(Isha 6:40 -. Now. Muraqaba: 4:25 -. we have the following example of a timetable for an Eastern time schedule in January. make a better one and so on Insha Allah. Especially it is better to do Astaghfaar after Isha or while trying to go to sleep so that one recalls all sins during the day and seeks forgiveness alongside Zikr from the heart. learn from previous mistakes and next time. we still have extra time Insha Allah.7:15) -. you can say e. these items can be re-arranged: Sleep (At max. Please note again that this is no hard and fast timetable but rather to serve as an example of how the general schedule can be made. 6:20 -. e.g. top The Time Table Now.4:25 AM Tahajjad + 45 min. the time would be 8:05 + :30 = 8:35 PM As we have seen above. by) 10:25 PM -.8:35 PM Thus.g. complete them or else do whatever is left for you. + travel + Office = 7:50 AM -.

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