Formal Lab Report

Accuracy and Precision
Daniella Melamed Period 2 9/13/2012

scientists would then be able to have more precise answers.. of water Electric Scale Thermometer Pen and paper Principle of Method: To figure out which container was most accurate for measuring twenty-five milliliters of water. The purpose of this experiment was to figure out which measuring tool was most accurate for measuring twenty-five milliliters of water. record the data Fill the beaker with twenty-five milliliters of water to the best of your ability Weigh the beaker with the water. one would have to find the density of water from each container. Procedure: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Get all materials in order Make a data table as shown under data Start with the hundred milliliter beaker and weigh it. By knowing which tool is most accurate. they would have to compare the experimental density to the accepted value.Purpose: In a world filled with different measuring tools. it can sometimes be difficult to figure out which tool to use.. Certain measuring tools are more accurate than others depending on the measurement. beaker 50 ml. fifty milliliter graduated cylinder. After finding that.. record you data Subtract the mass of measuring tool from mass of water with tool to get the mass of the water . The closer the experimental value is to the accepted value. Materials:          100 ml. Each group had to figure out whether the hundred milliliter beaker. graduated cylinder Burette Burette stand Funnel At least 75 ml. the more accurate the container. or the burette was most accurate..

.77 g 29. record your data 11) Subtract the mass of measuring tool from mass of water with tool to get the mass of the water 12) Use the thermometer to measure the temperature of the water 13) Weigh the burette 14) Put the funnel on the burette 15) Using the beaker or graduated cylinder.88 g 20.07 g 70. record your data 9) Fill the graduated cylinder with twenty-five milliliters of water to the best of your ability 10) Weigh the graduated cylinder with water.8304 g/ml ..64 g 96. * The funnel should prevent spilling when transferring the water.. find the density of water for each column by dividing the mass of water by the volume (twenty-five milliliters). 16) Use the thermometer to measure the temperature of the water 17) Once you've filled the burette with twenty-five milliliters of water.76g BURETTE 119. Data: GLASSWARE: MASS OF CONTAINER AND WATER (g) MASS OF DRY CONTAINER (g) MASS OF WATER(g) 100 ML BEAKER 50 ML GRADUATED CYLINDER 53..36 g 28.3 g TEMPERATURE OF WATER (C*) DENSITY OF WATER AT TEMPERATURE (g/ml) 27 *c 30 *c 28 *c .7) Use the thermometer to measure the temperature of the water 8) Take the fifty milliliter graduated cylinder and weigh it.60 g 24. pour the exact amount of water from the burette back into the cylinder or beaker 18) Weigh the beaker or cylinder with the water 19) Subtract the weight of the measuring tool from the total weight of the measuring tool with water to get the mass of water 20) After getting the mass of water from all measuring tools. fill the burette with water by pouring the water from the beaker or cylinder into the funnel then into the burette.76 g 100.172 g/ml .9904 g/ml 1.

How to Get Measurements: * To get the mass of the container with and without water use the electrical scale and weigh the objects. * To get the temperature use the thermometer and put it in the water for a few seconds. Therefore the density of water from the burette is the most difficult to measure. Post Lab Questions: 1) Which piece of glassware was the most accurate? The most accurate glassware was the fifty milliliter graduated cylinder. Then you must divide the mass from the volume.78 m of liquid and why? . divide the mass of the water. you must transfer it back into the beaker. 3) Where was the most error encountered in the lab? The most error encountered in the lab was from the burette. The reason is because the density of the water was the closest to the true or accepted value. The reason is because after pouring the water into the burette. Also. subtract the mass of the container from the mass of container and water. * To get the density of water. 4) Which piece of glassware would you use to measure 25. 2) What is the most difficult data to measure and why? The most difficult data to measure is the density of water from the burette. The reason I know this is because the burette had the highest percentage error. * To get the mass of water. by the volume. the experimental value of the water density is the most inaccurate compared to the true value. Next. which is twenty-five. you must weigh the beaker with water and subtract the mass of the beaker from the mass of the beaker and the water.

9967600)/. the fifty milliliter graduated cylinder was the most accurate because it was closer to the accepted value.9904-. Conclusion: Although the beaker. Therefore the measurement would be more precise.78 m because of the increments.63% (1%) BURETTE: [(1. In my experiment.9967600]100= 17. there are many things out of our control therefore leading to inaccurate measurements or errors.9967600)/. and burette can be used to find twenty-five milliliters of water. graduated cylinder. This is because throughout the experiment.69% (20%) 50 ml GRADUATED CYLINDER: [(. .9967600]100= 16. an inaccurate mass of water could be in result of an imprecise error from transferring the water from the beaker to the burette. several things could have occurred throughout my experiment to create error.9967600]100= . However. the burette goes by increments of one. none of the answers were 100% accurate. For example.8304-.9967600)/. We check error percentages to show how although we may think we are doing things accurately. Error Analysis: 100 ml BEAKER: [(.172-. Another error could have been the fluctuations in measurements from the electrical scale. not all tools are accurate or precise.85% (20%) As shown above.I would use the burette to measure 25. This is why we measure the error percentage for each container. there were errors. Unlike the beaker and cylinder.