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I Will Pray with the Spirit A N D With the Understanding AlsoO R, A Discourse Touching Prayer; Wherein is discovered, I.

What Prayer Is. II. What It Is To Pray With The Spirit. III. What It Is To Pray With The Spirit A N D With the U N D E R S T A N D I N G also... spiritually enlightened to see the promises and to be encouraged. By J O H N.B U N Y A N. ON PRAYING IN THE SPIRIT. "I WILL PRAY WITH THE SPIRIT, AND I WILL PRAY WITH THE UNDERSTANDING ALSO"Ð(I Cor 14:15). PRAYER is an ORDINANCE of God, and that to be used both in public and private; y ea, such an ordinance as brings those that have the spirit of supplication into great familiarity with God; and is also so prevalent in action, that it getteth of God, both for the person that prayeth, and for them that are prayed for, grea t things.[5] It is the opener of the heart of God, and a means by which the soul , though empty, is filled. By prayer the Christian can open his heart to God, as to a friend, and obtain fresh testimony of God's friendship to him. I might spe nd many words in distinguishing between public and private prayer; as also betwe en that in the heart, and that with the vocal voice. Something also might be spo ken to distinguish between the gifts and graces of prayer; but eschewing this me thod, my business shall be at this time only to show you the very heart of praye r, without which, all your lifting up, both of hands, and eyes, and voices, will be to no purpose at all. "I will pray with the Spirit." The method that I shall go on in at this time shall be, FIRST. To show you what true prayer is. SECOND. To show you what it is to pray with the Spirit. THIRD. W hat it is to pray with the Spirit and understanding also. And so, FOURTHLY. To m ake some short use and application of what shall be spoken. WHAT PRAYER IS. FIRST, What [true] prayer is. Prayer is a sincere, sensible, affectionate pourin g out of the heart or soul to God, through Christ, in the strength and assistanc e of the Holy Spirit, for such things as God hath promised, or according to the Word, for the good of the church, with submission, in faith, to the will of God. In this description are these seven things. First, It is a sincere; Second, A se nsible; Third, An affectionate, pouring out of the soul to God, through Christ; Fourth, By the strength or assistance of the Spirit; Fifth, For such things as G od hath promised, or, according to his word; Sixth, For the good of the church; Seventh, With submission in faith to the will of God. First. For the first of these, it is a SINCERE pouring out of the soul to God. S incerity is such a grace as runs through all the graces of God in us, and throug h all the actings of a Christian, and hath the sway in them too, or else their a ctings are not any thing regarded of God, and so of and in prayer, of which part icularly David speaks, when he mentions prayer. "I cried unto him," the Lord "wi

th my mouth, and he was extolled with my tongue. If I regard iniquity in my hear t, the Lord will not hear" my prayer (Psa 66:17,18). Part of the exercise of pra yer is sincerity, without which God looks not upon it as prayer in a good sense (Psa 16:1-4). Then "ye shall seek me and find me, when ye shall search for me wi th all your heart" (Jer 29:12-13). The want of this made the Lord reject their p rayers in Hosea 7:14, where he saith, "They have not cried unto me with their he art," that is, in sincerity, "when they howled upon their beds." But for a prete nce, for a show in hypocrisy, to be seen of men, and applauded for the same, the y prayed. Sincerity was that which Christ commended in Nathaniel, when he was un der the fig tree. "Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile." Probably t his good man was pouring out of his soul to God in prayer under the fig tree, an d that in a sincere and unfeigned spirit before the Lord. The prayer that hath t his in it as one of the principal ingredients, is the prayer that God looks at. Thus, "The prayer of the upright is his delight" (Prov 15:8). And why must sincerity be one of the essentials of prayer which is accepted of G od, but because sincerity carries the soul in all simplicity to open its heart t o God, and to tell him the case plainly, without equivocation; to condemn itself plainly, without dissembling; to cry to God heartily, without complimenting. "I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou has chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke" (Jer 31:18). Sincerity is the same in a corner alone, as it is before the face of the world. It knows not how to wear two vizards, one for an appearance before men, and another for a sho rt snatch in a corner; but it must have God, and be with him in the duty of pray er. It is not lip-labour that it doth regard, for it is the heart that God looks at, and that which sincerity looks at, and that which prayer comes from, if it be that prayer which is accompanied with sincerity. Second. It is a sincere and SENSIBLE pouring out of the heart or soul. It is not , as many take it to be, even a few babbling, prating, complimentary expressions , but a sensible feeling there is in the heart. Prayer hath in it a sensibleness of diverse things; sometimes sense of sin, sometimes of mercy received, sometim es of the readiness of God to give mercy, &c. 1. A sense of the want of mercy, by reason of the danger of sin. The soul, I say , feels, and from feeling sighs, groans, and breaks at the heart. For right pray er bubbleth out of the heart when it is overpressed with grief and bitterness, a s blood is forced out of the flesh by reason of some heavy burden that lieth upo n it (I Sam 1:10; Psa 69:3). David roars, cries, weeps, faints at heart, fails a t the eyes, loseth his moisture, &c., (Psa 38:8-10). Hezekiah mourns like a dove (Isa 38:14). Ephraim bemoans himself (Jer 31:18). Peter weeps bitterly (Matt 26 :75). Christ hath strong cryings and tears (Heb 5:7). And all this from a sense of the justice of God, the guilt of sin, the pains of hell and destruction. "The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow." Then cried I unto the Lord (Psa 116:3,4). And in another pl ace, "My sore ran in the night" (Psa 77:2). Again, "I am bowed down greatly; I g o mourning all the day long" (Psa 38:6). In all these instances, and in hundreds more that might be named, you may see that prayer carrieth in it a sensible fee ling disposition, and that first from a sense of sin. 2. Sometimes there is a sweet sense of mercy received; encouraging, comforting, strengthening, enlivening, enlightening mercy, &c. Thus David pours out his soul , to bless, and praise, and admire the great God for his loving- kindness to suc h poor vile wretches. "Bless the Lord, O my soul; and all that is within me bles s his holy name. Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits.[6] Who forgiveth all thine iniquities, who healeth all thy diseases; who redeemeth thy life from destruction; who crowneth thee with loving- kindness and tender me rcies; who satisfieth thy mouth with good things, so that thy youth is renewed l ike the eagle's" (Psa 103:1-5). And thus is the prayer of saints sometimes turne d into praise and thanksgiving, and yet are prayers still. This is a mystery; Go

nor yet in a foolish frothy way. and I wot not what. and groans. and not the power of praying. and the willingness of God to show mercy (Gen 32:10. O! the heat.[7] being the scraps and fragments of the devices of some popes. hearken and do. Thi s is called the fervent. then the whole man is engaged. that is in right p rayer! "As the hart panteth after the water-brooks. with some encouragement from God to c ome unto him. O Lord. profaneness. Scarce one of forty among them know what it is to be born aga in. as being sensible. David. to feel the power of grac e sanctifying their hearts: but for all their prayers. strength. This provoked Ja cob. envy. and lost their lives. some friars. Prayer is a sincere. O lord of hosts. is a better Common-prayer-book than that which is taken out of the Papistical mass-book. of th eir wants. and spirit of envy. rather than go without the blessi ng (Psa 69:3. In prayer there is sometimes in the soul a sense of mercy to be received. with all their pray ers. sighs. Or had his affections mo re and more drawn out after God for his helping hand. fervently. let your reque st be made known unto God" (Phil 4:6). "O Lord.11. There is in prayer an unbosomin g of a man's self. "Thou. but mightily. with othersÐeven a sense of mercies to be receivedÐwhich caused them. I say.unto thee" (II Sam 7:27). and the wrath of God. with thanksgiving. defer not. saying I will build thee an house. it is to be feared that many of them are very great strangers to a s incere. "My soul longeth. then. O God" (Psa 42:1). or shelter them from. not by fits and starts. for mercies rece ived. an affectionate pouring out o f the soul in requests. or the working prayer. "All my desire is before thee. and continually." it longeth. by James. Thi s again sets the soul all on a flame. O what affection is here discovered in prayer! The like you have in Daniel. "And bei ng in an agony. as it were. Daniel. and affectionate pouring out their hearts or souls to God. "My soul breaketh for the longing that it hath unto thy judgments at all times" (Psa 119:20)." saith David. 38:9. All this is too. rather than it will go without that good des ired. and an AFFECTIONATE pouring out of the sou l to God. "I have l onged for thy salvation" (ver 174). for th e courts of the Lord. even fainteth. "Be careful for nothing. to groan out their conditions before the Lord. d runken. it prevails with him unspeakably.10. A good sense of sin. to have communion with the Father through the Son. Gen 32:24. their misery. they still live cursed." saith . to babble over a few words written in a paper. that the soul will s pend itself to nothing. full of malice. whorish. yea. PRAYER in God's account! Ala s! The greatest part of men make no conscience at all of the duty. that reign in the hearts of those men that are so hot for the forms. "My soul longeth. Mark ye here. and affection. it longeth. persecuting of the dear children of God. forgive. my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God" (Psa 84:2). Again. "I have longed after thy precepts" (Psa 119:40). b ut in every thing by prayer. A sensible thanksgiving. Every syllable carrieth a mighty vehemency in it. sensible. And hence it is that the saints hav e spent their strengths. &c . O Lord. and supplication.26).4). Third. sensible. but even content themselves with a little lip-labour and bodily exercise. O! How wide are the most o f men with their prayers from this prayer. he prayed more earnestly" (Luke 22:44). When the affections are indeed engaged in prayer. Dan 9:3. It is a pouring out of the heart or soul. "has t revealed to thy servant. as it is written. deceit. and as for th em that do. 3. is a mighty prayer in the sight of God. And so again. and abominable lives. sensible. shall never be able to help them against. an opening of the heart to God. life. for thine own s ake. mumbling over a few imaginary prayers. and that in such sort. therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray . too evident by the ignorance. so panteth my soul after the e. vigour. hear. O my God" (Dan 9:19). O what a dreadful after-clap is coming upon them! which all their hypocritical assembling themselves together. that is. even communion and solace with Christ.d's people pray with their praises.

"Now t herefore. that the soul that thus pr ayeth indeed.. or through him. tower. THROUGH CHRIST. O our God.[8] Hence it is that David so often terms Christ his shield. for the Lord's sake " (Dan 9:17). As in another place. but because through him he found favour with God the F ather. Christ is the way through whom the soul hath admittance to God. So saith David. fortress. "My soul t hirsteth for God. It is the great God to which it retires. must believe tha t he is" (Heb 11:6).David. must have faith.pour out your heart before him" (Psa 62:8). &c. rock of defence. "for he that cometh to God." that is. O Lord. must be enabled to know Christ. that in prayer there goeth the very life and whole strength to God. Not only because by him he overcame his enemies. ay. I pour out my soul in me" (Psa 42:2.. b ut God. and without whom it is impossible that so much as one desire should come into the ears of the Lo rd of Sabaoth (John 14:6). And so David. ye people. and desolate. (Psa 18:2. 27:1. This coming to God through Christ is the hardest part that is found in prayer. This was Daniel 's way in praying for the people of God. It is a sincere. whereunto I may continually resort: . affectionate pouring out of the heart or soul to God. effectually pray to God in the name of Christ. sensible. This Christ. buckler. "Fear not. Deliver me in thy righteousness. it doth in a sincere. "pardon mine iniquity. saith Moses. And again. This is the praye r to which the promise is made. A man may mor e easily be sensible of his works. . sensible. and sincerely too desire mercy. This through Christ must needs be added. . O Lord God. by which he put s on Christ.14). for the living God. Lord. Right prayer sees nothing substantial. "For thy name's sake. that doth indeed. trusteth in God" (I Tim 5:5). "In thee. incline thine ear to me. It is a pouring out of the heart or soul TO GOD. This showeth also the ex cellency of the spirit of prayer. But now. I am thy shield. Many in a wording way speak of God. and save me. is for the soul to be enabled of God to shroud itself under the shadow of the Lord Jesus. O my God. Mark. and all. that in God alone th ere is rest and satisfaction for the soul. or else it is t o be questioned. though in appearance it be never so emine nt or eloquent. do I p ut my trust. "whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name. That man that comes to God by Christ. he mu st first have the knowledge of him. And that.out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man . as I said before.4). it is not every one that maketh mention of Christ's name in prayer. and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate. and affectio nate way. let me never be put to confusion. (Gen 15:1). "When shall I come and appear before God?" And it argueth. for the delivering of a poor creature out of cap tivity and thralldom. "If ye shall ask anything in my name". thou sha lt find him. and cause me to escape. and his supplications.for thou art my rock and my fo rtress. "Trust in him at all t imes." It is an expression signifying. sees an emptiness in all things under heaven. thou art my trust from my youth" (Psa 71:1-5 ). Be thou my strong habitation. Now he that hath faith is born of Go . whether it be prayer. and yet n ot be able to come to God by Christ. as a man shroudeth himself under a thing for safeguard (Matt 16: 16). And to come through Ch rist. "I po ur out my soul. for it is great" (Psa 25:11). he did it in the name of Christ. but right prayer makes God his hope. When shall I come and appear before God? W hen I remember these things. and in him appears before God. that I may know thee" (Exo 33:13). "Now she that is a widow indeed. stay . if thou seek him with all thy heart and with all thy soul" (Deut 4: 29). And so he that comes to God through Christ. "If from thence thou shalt seek the Lord thy God. deliver me." &c. For thou art my hope. And so he saith to Abraham. "show me now thy way. and in tr uth. Again. 28:1). Again. and worth the looking after. "and my groaning is not hid from thee" (Psa 38:9). hear the prayer of thy servant. I will do it" (John 14:13. for thy Christ's sak e. The man then that comes to God through Christ. none but the Father can reveal (Matt 11:27).

58. illumination. FOR SUCH THINGS AS GOD HATH PROMISED. David therefore still in his prayer kept hi s eye on the Word of God. affectionate pouring out of the heart. as the Sp irit is the helper and the governor of the soul. if it be not in the strength and assistance of the Spirit. by virtue of this union also.54). in his blood. and supplicate. flesh. or fourth par ticular. or at best vain babbling. t he writings of Jeremiah. being "accepted in his Beloved" (Eph 1:6). "I Daniel. The Spirit by the Word must direct. but how then must the scripture be fulfilled that thus it must be? (Matt 26:53. and made a member of him (John 3:5. to seek by prayer and supplication s. h e maketh his prayer to God. . offering with stran ge fire (Lev 10:1. 1:12). without there be a joint concurrence of them. Fourth. part of his body. is the Holy Spirit conveyed into him. and it is blasphemy. with. for that saith otherwise. "I will pray with the Spirit. for though it be never s o famous. and also to argue. and ashes" (Dan 9:2. by the strength or ASSISTANCE OF THE SPIRIT.. and if it be not through Christ. it is but lip-labour.d. 154. to God. but by. sensible. and to tell him how it is with him. it is not possible that it should be "according to th e will of God (Rom 8:26. 169. And. then. that which is not petitioned through the teaching and assistance of the Spirit. Prayer is a sincere.7. see also 41. conversion. it falleth far short of ever sounding well in the ears of God. And because this poo r creature is thus a member of the Lord Jesus. according unto that word. and so st ands before him. And this leads me to the next. although his life lay at stake for it.3). and sackcloth. so tha t God looks on that man as a part of Christ. I sh ould be helped by angels. the Spirit being conveyed into the heart of that poor man by God (Eph 5:30).27). affectionate. by virtue of which he is j oined to Christ. sec ondly he. w hen the petition is beside the book. 170). united to him by election. It is a praying then according to the Word and prom ise. As who should say. as a member of him. and therefore in the meantime. in the strength and assistance of the Spirit. 81. so it guideth by and according to. upon wh ich thou hast caused me to hope" (ver 49). or soul. "My soul melteth for heaviness. it is but like the sons of Aaron. and through the Word. 147. And indeed the Holy Ghost doth not im mediately quicken and stir up the heart of the Christian without. righteousness. sensible. therefore. as a member of Christ. with his audience. Hence it is that our Lord Jesus Christ himself did make a stop. the Word of God and his promis e. when it prayeth according to th e will of God. comes to God. affectionate pouring out of the heart to God. And therefore. and under this consideration hath admittance to come to God. quicken me according to thy word. And I set my face to the Lord God. I say. Were there but a word for it in the scripture." saith he. and so becomes one of the sons of God." saith he. with fasting. So that now he comes to God i n Christ's merits. (Matt 6:6-8). "understood by books. through Christ. but the scripture will not warrant this kind of prayin g. Prayer it is. thus it was with Danie l. sensible. intercession. 107. and by opening of that. 82." viz. as in the matter of prayer. when it is wi thin the compass of God's Word. I could now pray to my Father. "My soul. by bringing that to the heart. whe reby the man is provoked to go to the Lord. his s oul. Fifth. according to the Word. that mighty prophet of the Lord. yet without these things. So that I say.. it is only such prayer as is rejected of God . "the number of the years whereof the word of the Lord c ame to Jeremiah. to wit. I should soon be out of the hands of mine enemies. 74. and he should give me m ore than twelve legions of angels. "cleaveth to the dust. He understanding by books that the captivity of the children of Israel was hard at an end. strengthen t hou me according unto thy word" (Psa 119:25-28. victory.2). 42. and bones. But I shall speak more to this under the second head. that it is impossible that it should b e prayer. pouring out of the heart or soul to God through Christ. and I will pray with the understanding . For without a sincere. &c. as well in the manner. "remember thy word unto thy servant.that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. 65. For th ese things do so depend one upon another. So also. before God. Prayer is a sincere. born again. whereby he is able to pour out himself." And again.

at the foot of their God. and affectionate coming must be by the working of God's Spirit. Now he that prayeth for this. which are by Jesus Christ unt o the glory and praise of God" (Phil 1:9-11). and advancement of Christ. we asking in the Spirit of grace and supplication (I John 5:14. save th e spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man but th e Spirit of God" (I Cor 2:11). But because they at all times are not so wise. For if the y reject the word of the Lord. to wit. Being filled with the fruits of righteousness. Thy will be done.. and you pray for all that is required of you. to his glory. because it is beside the will of God. For the Spirit only knoweth that. until the day of Christ. with affection. to come to God through Christ. the church. or his people's benefit. And because. For as Christ is in the Father. that ye may be sincere. He then that prayeth for t he peace and good of Zion. if they had it. that your love may abound yet m ore and more in knowledge. as Christ hath taught us (Matt 6:10). but that sometimes Satan may get that advantage of th em. as one of hi s prayers doth eminently show. it is not to be answered. Col 1:9. and in all judgment. and all that they have.13). and say. prayer doth SUBMIT TO THE WILL OF GOD. sensible. let its temptatio ns or persecutions be what they will (Eph 1:16-21. that petition that is not put up in and through the Spirit. When the saints therefore do pray with submission to the will of God. must needs be included. first. as to tempt them to pray for that which. till the day of Chri st. "Yet this is the confidence that we have in him. that it m ay stand and go on. 3:14-19. as I said before. Christ's advancement. that ye may approve things that are excellent. Yet not doubting but God will answer the desire of his people that way that shall be most for their advantage and his glory. therefore the people of the Lord in humility are to lay themselves and their prayers. FOR THE GOOD OF THE CHURCH.15). and his people are so linked together that if the good of the one be prayed for. for help against all its temptations. Now to pray with the SpiritÐfor that is the p raying man. And all Paul's prayers did run that way. [WHAT IT IS TO PRAY WITH THE SPIRIT. Thus you see. doth ask that in prayer which Christ h ath purchased with his blood. from the beginning to the end. &c. Seventh. he heareth us.] SECOND. Now to proceed. that God would let not hing be too hard for it. For Go d. the sons of God. we know that we have the petitions that we desired of him. i n the midst of a crooked and perverse nation. and also that which the Father hath given to him a s the price thereof. That also is the place that God through Christ hath given to her. and that all things might work together for its good. . which sincere. and ther efore pray for the peace of Jerusalem. and th ere is nothing that Christ doth more desire than to have her there. This clause reacheth in whatsoever tendeth ei ther to the honour of God. what prayer is. even without blame. or the church. must pray for abundance of gr ace for the church. "what wisdom is in them?" (Jer 8:9). and so consequently knoweth how to pray a ccording to that will of God. as aforesa id. to be disposed of by him as he in his heavenly wisdom seeth best. the glory of God. whatsoever we ask. and if we know that he hear us. And this is the substance of Chris t's own prayer in John 17. so the saints are in Ch rist. I will pray with the Spirit. and none else. For Jerusalem will never be in perfect peace until she be in heaven. But there is no understanding without the Word. and without offence. as I said. you see. sincere. But more of this hereafter. But a short prayer. so as to be accepted of GodÐit is for a man. For. toucheth the apple of God's eye. it doth not argue that the y are to doubt or question God's love and kindness to them. sincerely and sensibly. that if we ask anything according to his will." that is. Sixth. and y et full of good desires for the church. "For what man knoweth the things of a man. and he that toucheth the saints. and that in the most excellent frame of spirit. and Christ. and without offence. "And this I pray.also" (I Cor 14:15). would neither prove to God's glory nor his people's good. t hat God would keep them blameless and harmless.

and that twenty years before it comes." For the not thinking of this word. a nother for Easter. therefore I shall in a few words comment upon it. none of these things know we. than is revealed in the Word o f God (I Kings 12:26-33). for justification by grace. or at least the not understanding it in the spirit and truth of it. II Co r 12:4). They have also bounded how many syll ables must be said in every one of them at their public exercises. but by the help and assis tance of the Spirit. and that for this reason included in this scri pture. Again. One for Christmas. as they know not the matter." We know not the matter of the things for which we should pray. The apostles." Surely there is no man but will confess. setting such a pr ayer for such a day. They can tell you. because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God" (Rom 8:26. and this WE cannot do by all the art.. they have them ready for the generations yet unborn to say. nor the medium by or through whom we pray. "For through Christ we all have access by one Spirit unto the Father" (Eph 2:18). we must pray as we ought. I Cor 3:10. We apostles. "For we know not what we should pray for as we ought. "For we know not what we should pray for as we ought." Mark this.[9] "For we know not what we should pray for. yet then they were fain to come off with sighs and groans. as any pope or proud prelate in the church of Rome. when you shall stand. but the Spirit helpeth o ur infirmities." Consider first the person speaking. But here now. "We know not what we should pray for as we ought". and a truly sanctified heart? n one of these things know we. and what you should do when you come there. as being not a whit behind them either in grace or gifts. further. as these in our days think they can. as not being able to compose so profound a manner. even Paul. and. "For what man knoweth the things of a man. But. neither the object to whom we pray. Wherefore Paul saith. so neither know they the manner thereof without the same. because the fear of God tied them to pray as they ought. and could as well have mad e a Common Prayer Book as those who at first composed this. without the help of the Spir it. falling short of ex pressing their mind. when you should go up into the chancel. but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. Mark here. and of man's inability to pray without it. And he that searcheth the hearts. an other way of worship. "For we. Should we pray for communion with God through Christ? shoul d we pray for faith. that Paul and his companions were as able to have done any work for God . hath occasioned these men to devise. we extraordinary officers. For each sain t's day. knowe th what is the mind of the Spirit. that have some of us been caught up into paradise (Rom 15:16. And because there is in this scrip ture so full a discovery of the spirit of prayer. save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man. of prayer. also. saith Paul. the wise master-builders. " For we know not what we should pray for as we ought. But here. when you shall kneel. which the world knows not (Isa 29:11). the wise men of our days are so well skilled as that they have bot h the manner and matter of their prayers at their finger-ends. but th e Spirit of God" (I Cor 2:11). when the Holy Ghost assisted them . when you should abide in your seats. nay. All which the apostles came short of.There is no man nor church in the world that can come to God in prayer. skill. and six days after that. it . but with sighs and groans which cannot be uttered. they c ould not so well and so fully come off in the manner of performing this duty. also. as Jeroboam did. with sighs and groans which cannot be uttered. when they were at the best. alas! the apostles speak of inward and spiritual things. both for matter and manner. but the Spirit". yea. and cunning device of men or angels. "We know not what we should pray for. and therefore he a dds. in his person. "as we ought. but by t he assistance of the Holy Spirit.27). all the apostles. &c.

as in the in ward intention. "And he that searcheth t he heart knoweth." (Psa 10:4)." and that "continually" (Gen 6:5. "For we know not what we should pray for as we ought. and that by manifold sayings in his most holy and blessed Word. because the heart and t ongue do not go along jointly in the same. wherefore Christ tells his disciples . as is before showed. 8:21). because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God. and therefore he saith of the wicked. And this David knew f ull well. the effectual praying. comes into God's worship. cold. it is evident. not the Spirit and man 's lusts. and there is none can take away the same. open thou my lips. Deut 4:2. or o f his blessed things. although it is a hard thing to name them all. "Lord. And it is the Spirit only that can teach us so to ask. what man of his own brain may imagine and devise. it only being able to search ou t all things. he heareth us. as if he had said. with any other such like. approveth only. though ye try this course and the other . The Common Prayer Book will not do it. "Lord. then the Lord must help. is another. For right prayer must. as is clearly manifested by his word and his works. Which infirmities. it being none of God's ordinances. becau se they ask amiss. as men are senseless. nor give you spiritual understanding but t he Spirit.8. being accompanied with those infirmities that make us absolutely incapable o f such a work. of Christ through whom they pray . which did make him cry.must be "the Spirit ITSELF" that helpeth our infirmities. and that which doth give us to understand them. Second. that is. how shall they be able to address themselves to God. Isa 29:13). is one thing. "He shall take of mine and show unto you". be enabled to think one right saving thought of God. Without which Spirit. the meaning "of the Spirit. or he can do nothing. and in nothing else." that is. the veil is spread over your heart. come from what the soul doth apprehend in the light of the Spiri t. neither can any man expect tha t it should be instrumental that way. patched together one piece at one time. of Christ. By the help of the Common Prayer Book. or cause him to answer. nor of the things for which they pray. yet some of them are these that follow. "God is not in all h is thoughts. neither indeed can they. Rev 22:18).32. otherwise it is condemned as vain and an abomination. unless it be that they imagine him altogether such a o ne as themselves (Psa 50:21). in the outward expression. yet we know not what we should pray for as we oug ht. God is searching the heart. and another at another. and unseemly in . and my mouth shall s how forth thy praise" (Psa 51:15). and" then "my mouth shall show for th thy praise. which God is so far from owning of. except the Spirit itself gave utterance. but the Spirit itself helpeth our infirmities. that he expressly forbids it. when he promised to send the Spirit. Many ask and have not. and so are never the nearer the enjoying of those things they petition for (James 4:3)." He could not speak one right word. Deut 12:30. nay. a mere human invention and institution. but a t hing since the Scriptures were written. Which that it cannot. this prophet. Nevertheless when th is good man. be cause without that. They then not being ab le to conceive aright of God to whom they pray." For in that which is according to his will only." But. open thou my lips. Prov 30:6. Without the Spirit man is so infirm that he cannot. (See Mark 7:7. the Comforter. without the Spirit help this infirmity? Perad venture you will say. and wh at they are commanded. The Spirit itself is the revealer of these things to poor souls. as well in the outward part of it. though we had a thousand Common Prayer Books. as any in our gene ration. with all other means whatsoever. First. so hypocritical. Prov 28:9. For "every imagination of the thoughts of his hear t was only evil. unless the S pirit help our infirmities (Mark 7. I suppose there is none can imagine but that David could speak and express himself as well as others. and ought to do. It is not to pray at random that will put off God. While prayer is making. to see from what root and spirit it doth arise (I John 5:14). yet your ignorance will still remain. I know you are naturally dark and ignorant a s to the understanding any of my things. but that cannot do it. and Col 2:16-23. and reveal to the soul all these things before touched. even the deep things of God. It must be a praying with the Spirit. because that is the work of the Sp irit only. unless it can open the eyes.

that is anything regarded of God without it. When a man is indeed sensible of his sin. as it lieth in the words of the book. . and so puts the soul into a sweet. for. Fourth. No. and so it is but mouth. I dare not call him Father. Third. and earnestness of him that prayet h. For they would run away from God. he comes. Men may easily say they come to God in his So n: but it is the hardest thing of a thousand to come to God aright and in his ow n way. I am so vile. they were very notable. affectionate way of praying to God according to his word (John 16:7-9). for the soul to believe. For man. O the cursed hypocrisy that is in most hearts. that the work of grace is wrought in him. also the intole rableness of that condition. for without that no man can know how he should come to God the right way. where it is. Luke 18:11. If men did see their sins. and utterly de spair of mercy. When I say knowingly. that as he cannot keep a word. This is the right calling of God Father.their prayers. as we use to say. and that effectual ly too. Because without the Spirit. or thought. affectionate pouring out of their souls to God. and not as many do. knowing what it is to be a chil d of God. to say in faith. "show me now thy way. s ensible. with God's approbation. 18:12). Talk is but talk. I mean. He shall take of mine. yet the Christian tha t is so indeed finds all the difficulty in this very thing. 12. sensible. Sixth. and that accompanieth man y thousands of praying men that would be so looked upon in this day. were it not for the Spirit. though a man did see his misery. and also for length of time. yet he would never be able to claim a share in either God. Fifth. and so cursed a creature. and stayeth the soul. I mean. and all for want of a sense of their misery! But now the Spirit. by letting into the heart some small sense of mercy to encourage it to go to God. Christ. were rejected. and God's curse. Isa 58:2. that will sweetly show the soul its misery. No question but they were e xcellently able to express themselves in words." it is in vain to seek God (Jer 2:25. and hence it is that the S pirit must be sent into the hearts of God's people for this very thing. without the Lord Jesus. Mark 12:40. that I may know thee" (Exo 33:13). and what is like to become of it. and also what there is in God that makes him desirable: "I pra y thee. however hypocrites think. 3). It is not the excell ency of the voice. A nd. for a poor s oul that becomes sensible of sin and the wrath of God. and so they. and for this cau se the Pharisees. a man bei ng made sensible of sin. helpeth it to hold up its f ace to God. O how great a task is it. Nothing but the Spirit can show a man clearly his misery by nature. That is the prayer that goeth to heaven.worship. then it is a hard thing to persuade him to pray. with their prayers. if there be not a sense of misery. are both rendered abominable to God (Matt 23:14. nor the seeming affection. so wretched. but they had not the Spirit of Jesus Christ to help th em. yet without the help of the Spirit they would not pray. and hence it is called "the Comforter" (John 14:26). For it is the Spirit that doth effectually convince of sin and misery. it cannot say God is its Father. "Father!" I tell you. and to be born again. and acceptable to God through Christ. For. It is the Spirit that must show us the way of coming to God. through the strength of the Spirit. and that from good experience. "There is no hope. t he deep things of God" (I Cor 2:10). when in or with the Spirit. to say in a b abbling way. sai th his heart. too . and therefore they did what they did with their infirmities or weaknesses on ly. It must be in or with the Spirit. and how to come to the Lord for mercy. or mercy. with Cain and Judas. that is sent thither in the strength of the Spirit. and "show it unto you" (John 16:14). O! saith he. I say. is so full of a ll manner of wickedness." saith Moses. but this one word. yea. to cry F ather: it being too great a work for any man to do knowingly and believingly wit hout it (Gal 4:6). with their prayers. that I shall never be regard ed! Now here comes the Spirit. so much less a piece of prayer clean. as man. the Lord's prayer (so called) by heart. It is "the Spirit" that "searcheth all things. And when I say believingly. here is the life of prayer. and also the way to come to God. and s o put a man into a posture of prayer. and so fell short of a sincere. without the Spirit.

to be good churchmen.) It may be thy great prayer is to say. G od saith. and all because with their blasphemous throats. without any experiment of the work of grace on your sou ls. but are even so still: these I say. although never so vile. that is.) And dost thou indeed say. Our Father. Our Father. Our Father? Nay. and majesty of God? Doth thy heart and conversation agree with this passage? Dost thou stri ve to imitate Christ in all the works of righteousness. is better than a thousand prayers. p oor soul! Study your misery. that to say God is your Father. and cry to God to show you your confused blindness and ignorance. they w ill come to church. and fa ctious people (Ezra 4:12-16). for all their hypocritical pretences (John 8:41-45). "Hallowed be thy name" with thy heart? Dost thou study. "Our Father!" Nay the strength of the Spirit. looked upon to be a turbulent." &c. but do lie" (Rev 3:9). "And I know the blasphemy of them that say they are Jews. and crieth Father. written and read. That one word spoken in faith . holiness. blind. to advance the name. (Job 1). therefore they must be looked upon to be the only enemies of God and the nation: when as it is their own cursed supersti tion that doth set the great God against them. in a way of prayer or conference. before you be so rife in calling God your Father. yet they must be compelled thus to do. the creed. in the 8th of John. which God doth command o f thee. if they close in wi th their traditions. and are not. Our Father. as men call them. and perjured person. by all honest and lawful ways. do most abominably blaspheme. Our Fath er. with other sayings. that blood-red persecutor. their misery. (1. even our Father? He is their Father whom thou hatest and persecutest. true Christians. and are not. You blaspheme! You say you are Jew. they that have not only been such in times past. scr uple the truth of such vain traditions. And yet just like to Bonner. "Our Father which art in heaven. And know. ev en in plain terms. And yet forsooth every cursed whoremaster. lukewarm way. though every time they say to God. seditious. and prompt thee forward to? It is so. Therefore give me leave a little to reason with thee. so is it now. e ven our Father. I say. cold. but are the synagogue of Satan" (Rev 2:9). art thou not a desperate persecutor of the children of God? Hast t hou not cursed them in thine heart many a time? And yet dost thou out of thy bla sphemous throat suffer these words to come. and drunkard. O how far short are those people of being sensible of this. in a fo rmal. who count it enough to teach themselves and children to say the Lord's pra yer. when. when they were to present themselves before the Father. they are senseless of th emselves. with the rest of the saints. they commend. therefore all the blind ignorant rabble in the world. as the Jews did to Christ. and so to lie. You lie! "Behold I will make them of the synagogue of Satan. which made Christ. But as the devil presented himself amongst the sons of God. thou poor. You say. and say. these men. And dost thou not do the deeds of the flesh? And yet darest thou say to God. ignorant sot. by some must be counted the only honest men. Dost thou know the meaning of the very first words of this prayer? Canst thou i ndeed. because the saints were commanded to say. cry. as it hath always been. or teaching you r children either so to say. by how much the more the sinner boasts it with a pretende d sanctity. thief. swearer. to tell them their doom. and cause him to count them for h is enemies (Isa 53:10). they must also use the same words. And because others that are of more sober principles. while God's peop le are. and canst thou come to God as a member of him? Or art thou ignorant of these things. these wretches. the honest subjects. Our Father? Art thou truly born again? Hast thou received the spirit of adoption? Dost thou see thyself in Christ. it is to say you are Jews and are not. (2. Our Father? Is not the devil thy father? (John 8:44). God sait h. And so much t he greater the sin is. as God knows. or what it is to be brought to God through Christ! Ah. and hypocritical hearts. if thou be one that can truly with . and yet darest thou say. which say they are Jews.

or prepare the heart. and teach you. "I will pray with the Spirit.) Wouldst thou have the kingdom of God come indeed. where he saith. without it be lifted up of the Spirit. in all humility. 9 doth testify. First. of itself. that thou art a cursed hypocri te. But I pass this. And so in my text. whether they be lifted up by the Spirit of God. to hea r the trumpet sound. when it is up. blind. sayest. Ah! How sadly would even those men look. The want of this is that which God complains of. and therefo re saith Paul. if it continue to pray aright." Prayer. will never pray to God. and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing. "Praying with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit" (Eph 6:1 8). that he lifteth his heart and hi s soul to God (Psa 25:1). They are mighty words of David. to have the heart kept with Go d in the duty. because there i s nothing but the Spirit that can lift up the soul or heart to God in prayer: "T he preparations of the heart in man. and if he should so deal on earth. I am sure that they are as far from keeping it up. For. sh ould lift up. that they draw nigh to him with their mouth. and from that tell you the difficulty of praying to God as I ought. to take heed that you be not rash and unadvised wit h your heart. or no: but this I am sure of. especially to call God Father. in the second place. it must be prepared by the Spirit of God. because it is that which helpeth the heart when it supplicates indeed to do it. but chiefly that they walk after the commandments and trad itions of men. or how it is with others' hearts. and so continued. and therefore I conceive that this is one of the great reasons why the Spirit of God is called a Spirit of supplications. carnal men to entertain s trange thoughts of me. is like a sound without life. notwithstanding. I find it so lot . as for my heart. are n ot the very thoughts of it altogether displeasing to thee? And if God's will sho uld be done on earth as it is in heaven. then it speaks so as God commands and doth desire. Indeed t he tongue is very apt. thou according to the for m. to run without either fear or wisdom: but when it is the answer of the heart. if it pray aright. And indeed here is the life of prayer. must it not w hirl thee down to hell? And so of the rest of the petitions. yet would it not make thee ready to run mad. And verily. and a heart. in every work for God. (Zech 12:10). to reckon for all the deeds thou hast done in the body? Nay. so also it must be held up by the Spirit when it is up. but how much more then to keep the heart in it! (Exo 17:12). even in their most pretended sanctity? The Lord awaken you. It is a great work for any man without the strength of the Spirit. as the scope of Matthew 15:8. That is. "Be not rash with thy mouth. and thyself just now to go and appea r before God. without the heart be in it. I do not know what. Eze 33). that is the work of the great God himself. Eighth. as the wise man saith. and especially in prayer. and with what terror would they walk up and down the world . to see the dead arise. if t he heart run with the tongue. by condemning that with thy daily practice. and also his will to be d one in earth as it is in heaven? Nay.God's allowance cry. Thy kingdom come. if they did but know the lying and blaspheming that proceedeth out of their mo uth. when I go to pray. is from the L ord" (Prov 16:1). Seventh. must it not be thy ruin? There is never a rebel in heaven against God. but their hearts were far from him (Isa 29:13. A nd. (Eccl 5:2). poor souls. without some blesse d experience when thou comest before God. It was a great matter for Moses to keep his hands lifted up to Go d in prayer. As the heart must be lifted up by the Spirit. "Our Father. may I b ut speak my own experience." Or is it not the least of thy thoughts all t he day? And dost thou not clearly make it appear. It must be a praying with the Spirit if it be accepted. and honour him with their lips. and the answer of the tongue. it is enough to make your poor. Tha t it is impossible that all the prayer-books that men have made in the world. and much more with your mouth! When you appear before God. and that such a heart as is prepared by the Spir it of God. which thou pretendest in thy pra ying with thy dissembling tongue? (3.

and therefore so much the more dif ficult: therefore Paul knew what he said. yea. but whether the heart is so full of affection and earnestness in prayer with God . witho ut the assistance of the Spirit. And if so. the Spirit helps our infirmities (Ps a 86:11). and when it is there. When I say. life. Nay. I am so ignorant. that he would keep it th ere. I am so blind. it must be in and with the help and stre ngth of the Spirit. I mean. come out of the mouth of Moses. that must continue with a soul so long as i t is on this side glory. tears. and yet he made heaven ring again with his cry (Exo 14:15). cannot utter them: "The Spirit Ñ h elpeth our infirmities. is not onl y a duty. or else as there will be a failing in the act itself. without the assistance of th e Spirit. for then a man desire s indeed. that many tim es I am forced in my prayers. and spirit of tha t prayer. as aforesaid. God is the God of spirits. first to beg of God that he would take mine heart. that it is impossible to express their sense and desire. with those gro ans and sighs that come from a truly praying heart.and maketh intercession for us with [sighs and] groani ngs which cannot be uttered" (Rom 8:26). many times I know not what to pray for. Christ tells us. And how little conscience is there made of prayer between God and the soul in secret. so loth to stay with him. and when it is with him. that all the words. The best prayers have often more groans than words: and those words that it hath are but a lean and shallow representation of the heart. if b efore others. But it was inexpressibl e and unsearchable groans and cryings of his soul in and with the Spirit. and his eyes look further than at the outside of any duty w hatsoever (Num 16:22). affection. unless the Spirit of supplication be there to help? When the Spirit gets into the heart. and longing that went to God in that prayer. blessed be grace. That is but poor prayer which is only discovered in so many words. but one of the most eminent duties. then there is prayer indeed. so it is as difficult to keep it there. How much pride also. when he was going out of Egypt. then for a man to continue from time to time in prayer with God. An . and was followed by Pharaoh. in the prosecution of the work. many. It is not the mouth that is the main thing to be looked at in prayer. and groans that can come from the heart. It must be with the Spirit. Tenth. But prayer. nor how to pray . A man that tr uly prays one prayer. and back. and not to faint (Luke 18:1). in a sincere and sensible affectionate way. because man. and the reason is. O! the starting-holes that the heart hath in the time of prayer. Prayer is an ordinance of God. if enabled with expressions. it is impossible for a man to express himself i n prayer without it. Ninth. it must of necessity be with the Spirit." He knew well it was not what others writ or said that could make him a pr aying person. shall after that never be able to express with his mouth o r pen the unutterable desires. none knows how many bye-ways the heart hath. to slip away from the presence of God. nothing less than the Spirit could do it. The nearer a man comes in any work that God commands him to the doing of it acco rding to his will. so much the more hard and difficult it is. that men ought always to pray. only.h to go to God. and mighty. that it is impossible that the heart. so there will be a failing. sense. "I will pray with the Sp irit. How much hypocrisy. it is not possible for a man to get up his heart to God in prayer. as man. as I said before. a fainting. You do not find any words of prayer. when he said. But. should pour out itself before God. I doubt this is but little thought on by the most of them that would be looked upon as a praying people (I Sam 16:7). because it is impossible that a man should express himself i n prayer without it. when his desires are so strong. is not able to do it. that we read of.lanes. and not till then. The soul that doth rightly pray. and set it on himself in Christ. .

in a sweet praying frame. when he stirreth up the saints by the ju dgment of God upon the wicked to stand fast. It is through the Spirit that we have access to t he Father (Eph 2:18). In my speaking to this. so to pray as to have his prayers asce nd into the ears of the Lord God of Sabaoth. "I will p ray with the Spirit. 24. is done more effect ually. yet to do what they did to the edification of the church was more excellent. and praying with the Spirit and understanding: therefor e when he saith.d again tells us. and continue to hold out in the fai th of the gospel. which was the cause that Paul wrote this chapter t o them. that God would fill them "with the knowledge of his will. but it is the hardest thing of many to keep in the life. or else if he do it. So I judge: for many of them having extraordinary gifts. ei ther civil or spiritual. And now to the next thing. "is unfruitful" (I Cor 14: 3. M att 23:14). &c. and power of any one duty. Jacob did not only begin. THIRD. praying in the Holy Ghost" (Jude 20). much less continue. in the spirit of prayer. Therefore. sensibly." That which is done with understanding. 19. which made the apostle pray for the Colossians. As if he had said. "and I will pray with the understanding ALSO. without which he knew they wou ld never be able to do it. and therefore it must be desired by all them that would be a praying people." This distinction was occasioned through the Corinthians not observing that it was their duty to do what they did to the edification of themselves and others too: whereas they did it for their own commendations. A suitable understanding is good in everything a man undertakes. and I will pray with the understanding also. but denying the power thereof. but my understanding. and in all judgment" (Phil 1:9). And so for the Philippians. of hearing.. that God would make them abound "in knowledge. and in praying. to wit. that this is one definition of a hypocrite. than that which is done without it. it will not be in the power. that though extraordinary gifts were excellent. But this could not be without the spirit of prayer. Brethren. as I shall show farther anon. 4. or praying. "if I pray in an unknown tongue. especially prayer. from such turn away" (II Tim 3:5). to let them understand. in the knowledge of him" (Eph 1:17). for a pretence only (Job 27:10. therefore they were more for those mighty gifts than they were for th e edifying of their brethren. as eter nal life is laid up for the persons that hold out only. "Building up yourselves on your most holy f aith. The same is a remarkable place in Jude. "he will pray with the Spirit." and also the understanding of others. and to pra y with the understanding also. without it. saith the apostle. It is the easiest thing of a hundred to fall from the power to the f orm. my spirit prayeth. &c. that is. that a man without the help of the Spirit cannot so much as pray once. unless thou bles s me" (Gen 32). Saith he. And for the Ephesians. it is to make them continue in the form of any duty. The great cheat that the devil and ant ichrist delude the world withal. AND WITH THE UNDERSTANDING. These are they that hav e "a form of godliness. So did the rest of the godly (Hosea 12:4). as one excellent means thereto. Read the scope of the whole chapter). and heartily. 25. but held it: "I will not let thee go. what it is to pray with the Spirit. 12. but in the form. that either he wil l not continue in prayer. that is such a work. Here followeth the third thing. I shall show you what it is to pra . as wel l as the heart and mouth: "I will pray with the Spirit." he adds. and I will pray with the understanding also. in all wisdom and spiritual understan ding" (Col 1:9)." It is expedient then that the understanding should be occupied in prayer. that God would give unto them "the spiri t of wisdom and revelation. For . so you cannot hold out u nless you continue praying in the Spirit. spirit. the form of preaching. as to speak with divers ton gues. For the apostle puts a clear distinction between praying with the Spirit. WHAT IT IS TO PRAY WITH THE SPIRIT.

And understanding of the willingness that is in the heart of God to save sinners . yet if he understood not the value of it. Understanding is to be taken both for speaking in our mother. was both able and willing to heal such infirmities as they were afflicted with: therefore they cried. Fifth. way is made for the soul to come to God with suitable arguments. yet not in a verbal way only. yea. Men without understanding may say the same words in prayer as others do. tenderness and willingness in his heart to save. he will either not desire them at all . than it. so loathsome to Christ.31). the danger is great. Spiritual understanding espieth in the heart of God a readiness and will ingness to give those things to the soul that it stands in need of. wretched. as Jacob (Gen 32:9). it is to be required that there should be a goo d or spiritual understanding in all them who pray to God. through the understanding. and none in th e other. and runs the hazard. Fourth. and he will never leave crying till he have them. then his heart. 17). Though a man be in never so much need of pardon of sin. there is nothing will press the soul more to seek after God. nor how to proceed.tongue. sometimes in a way of expostulation. and the more they were rebuked. The understanding being enlightened. The cause whereof made them. who was going by them. that he threatens to spew them out o f his mouth (Rev 3:16. nay. he would venture up to the neck for it. or else be so cold and lukewarm in his desires after them. thro ugh discouragement. and all their services. For the making of right prayers. hereby there is the way. they knew not th at they were poor. and also e xperimentally. So it is with souls concerning the things of God: if a man once get an understanding o f the worth of them. which gi ves great encouragement unto it. it is great encourage ment to those that know what promises are made. Sometimes in way of supplication. The two blind men in the gospel. as with one who ha th a work to do. First. It is else with a poor soul. To pray with understanding. blind. as aforesaid. but even from the heart there is forced by the Spirit. lets all alone. and deliverance from wra th to come. Third. such ef . and to cry for pa rdon. restless. she did by faith and a right understanding discern. O there is a mighty difference in speaking the very same word s! The one speaking from a spiritual understanding of those things that he in wo rds desires. if it be done. Thus it was with the church of th e Laodiceans. beyond all the rough carriage of Christ. the more they cried (Matt 20:29. is to pray as being instructed by the Spirit in the understanding of the want of those things which the soul is to pray for. he would lightly pass it by: but if he once get the knowledge of it. The enlightened understanding sees largeness enough in the promises to e ncourage it to pray. If a man should see a pearl worth an hundred pounds lie in a ditc h. Second. and treat only on the second.y with understanding. until she did enjoy the mercy she stood in need of (Matt 15:22-28). that God will even loathe his frame of spirit in asking for them. which caused her to be vehement and earnest. But he knows not how to begin. because they did certainly know that Jesus. runs af ter them. As when men pr omise such and such things to all that will come for them. through which the soul should come unto God. David by thi s could guess at the very thoughts of God towards him (Psa 40:5). so i s the advantage. I pass the first. they wanted knowledge or spiritual understanding. and naked. discovered. and if it be not done. and so. and there is all. there is. but if there be an understanding in the one. the very strength of his soul. And thus it wa s with the woman of Canaan. and the other words it only. to come and ask for them. yet if he understand not this. which still adds to it strength to strength. The understanding being spiritually enlightened.

lame. blessed be t he Lord. feeli ng." of an humble "and of a contrite spirit. turn thou me. I say. by all those tha t have the least dram of natural affection or pity. his bemoa ning himself. And thus. I repented. you see. When David had the pains of hell cat ching hold on him. or maimed person. as that he cannot pray without them . And in bemoaning of himself. that as it is required to pray with the Spirit. An understanding well enlightened is of admirable use also. 4). thou mayest pray indeed. to the end that the soul be kept in a continuation of the duty of prayer. and in it placed a sense either of the misery of man. It is necessary that there be an enlightened understanding. and after that I was instructed. when thou pretendest to pray to God. there should come two a-beg ging to your door. and makes Ephraim pl easant in his eyes through Jesus Christ our Lord: "I have surely heard Ephraim b emoaning himself thus. in their pain an d sickness. The present sense." saith God. Or to look into a book. he needs not a bishop in a surplice to teach him to say. to tempt that soul to be weary of se eking the face of God. therefore my bowels are troubled for him. the one is a poor. or the mercy of God. saith Satan. as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke." These be Ephraim's complaints and bemoanings of himself. draws out forgiveness. feeling. I do earnestly remember him still. thou dost not pray with the Spirit. saith the Lord. Sixth. and to think that God is not willing to have mercy on suc h a one as him. and pressure that lieth upon his spirit. "Is Ephraim my dear son? Is he a pleasant child? For since I spake against him. in Psalm 38:1-12. that soul hath no need of the writings of other men t o teach him by forms of prayer. The people of God are not ignorant how many wiles. these two use the same words in their b egging. then he begins to bemoan h imself (Jer 31:18-20). and dread. and almost starved creature . His pain and poverty make him speak more in a spirit of lamentatio n than the other. and trembleth at my word" (Isa 66:2). to vent itself for ease. He that hath his understanding well exercised." or had a right understanding of myself. so it is to pray with the understanding also. Thou seest thine heart is hard. so doth the other: but yet the man t hat is indeed the poor. the other is a healthful lusty person. that it affects his heart. the other hath his words forced from him by the anguish of his so ul. tricks. When Ephraim gets a right understa nding of his own unseemly carriages towards the Lord. provokes him to groan out his request unto the Lord. and I was chastised. he used such arguments with the Lord. and it is discovered more by his affectionate speaking. even confounded. wounded. I beseech thee. "I smote upon m y thigh. And to illustrat e what hath been spoken by a similitude:Ðset the case. "even to him that is poor. "O Lord. and the sorrows of hell compassing him about. for thou art the Lord my God. he speaks with more sense. "Thou hast chastised me. because I did bear the reproach of my youth. For as he that feels the pain needs not to be ta ught to cry O! even so he that hath his understanding opened by the Spirit needs not so to be taught of other men's prayers. Surely that is the man that God will look at. I will surely hav e mercy upon him. Surely after that I was turned. and he shall be pitied sooner than the other. to teach him in a form to pour out h is heart before God. Ay. to discern between good and evil. and I shall be turned. It is the nature of the heart of sick men. by dolorous groans and complainings to them that stand by. it is with them that are endued with the grace of God. I was ashamed. thou dost not pray in good earnest. deliver my so ul" (Psa 116:3.fectual arguments as moveth the heart of God. and understanding of the misery that is mentioned in their begging. Thus it was with David. lame. both as to th e matter and manner of prayer." Thus. the one saith he is almost starved. there are others who g o in the bitterness of their spirits: the one he prays out of bare notion and na ked knowledge. but thou shalt not pre vail. than the other can do. go no fur . saying. who is truly willing to have the Lord Jesus Chris t. cold. and that upon Christ's terms too. at which th e Lord breaks forth into these heart-melting expressions. and temptations the d evil hath to make a poor soul. Just thus it is with God: th ere are some who out of custom and formality go and pray. thy thoughts are running af ter other things. dull. yea. Away hypocrite. Seventh.

and help them to "pray w ith the Spirit. an understanding well informed and enlightened. though he bear long with them (Luke 18:1. and the Lord will avenge his people. says th e soul. and so to pass on to the next thing. and with the understanding also. he may hide his face from his dearest saints (Isa 8:17). the Lord tries me." saith he.] And now to answer a query or two. He loves to keep his people p raying. 1. it may be.6). &c. when I have been in my fits of agony of spirit. upon almost e very trick and temptation of Satan! The Lord pity them. and speak not one word of comfort (Isa 40:2 7). as that h oration. and yet he made him wrestle before he had the blessin g (Gen 32:25-27). she knew the L ord was gracious. I know it is thus. but prayer break eth from thy heart. and that it was not the whole. and to find them ever knocking at the gate of heaven. thy forgetfulness of thy calling. And the most excellent remedy for this is. if the soul be not well informed in its understanding. Answ. to cleave to him. that truly fear the Lord. Canst thou see thy mis ery? Hath God showed thee that thou art by nature under the curse of his law? If so. or what to pray for. Poor heart! thou canst not. I will seek the Lord. do not mistake. I have been strongly persuaded to leave off." [Queries and Objections answered. Answ. but when I go into secret. not the full. it will presently cry out. Whereas the soul rightly infor med and enlightened saith. and that it bowels of the Lord to run over. Job 23:12. I know thou dost groan and that most bitterly. to hang upon him. that he exten ded his grace and mercy unto. though at the last "he inclined" his ear "un to me. who. Ah! Sweet soul! It is not thy words that God so e will not mind thee. and how larg e his promises were still to sinners. And to help them (to that end) to pray." Much of mine own experience co uld I here discover. and thus it was with David. I am persuad ed thou canst scarcely be found doing any thing in thy calling. but the sic k. and my Lord hath forgotten me" (Isa 49:14). that is. some eloquent is that makes heart. how many poor souls are th ere in the world. pray. and to seek the Lord no longer. The woman of Canaan would not take seeming denials for real ones. though the Lord keep silence. "A broken and a contrite much regards. and their stinted forms. Is not thy heart so full of desires after the things of another world. O God. "I waited patiently. according to the saying o f the prophet (Hab 2:3).ther. I can scarce say anything at all. Seeming delays in God are no tokens of his displeasure. But what would you have us poor creatures to do that cannot tell ho w to pray? The Lord knows I know not either how to pray. and intend to pour out my soul bef ore God. He loved Jacob dearly. though it be long. This made me. tempted. and the Lord help all his poor. Well. Query Second. and to continue. Alas. not the righteous. or he loves to hear me groan out my condition before him. but "with the Spirit. but the sinner. are oft ready to give up all for lost. because they are not well infor med in their understanding. though for the presen t he made no answer. it is but in vain to strive any longer! Here now. and with the under standing also. through the assistance of his Holy S pirit. not by the inve ntions of men. thou complainest. Yea. The Lord hath waited longer upon me than I have waited upon him. and so also doth thine own sorrowful he art witness thy tears. and yet to cry.[10] but being made to understand what great sinners the Lord hath had mercy upon. the very thou wilt . "the Lord hath forsake n me. Query First. that many times thou dost ev en forget the things of this world? Prithee read this scripture. except thou comest before him with His eye is on the brokenness of thine heart. but the empty. and afflicted peop le to do the like. Have not thy groans gone up to heaven from every corner of t hy house? (Rom 8:26). it wa s long before the Lord answered me. and wait. and heard my cry" (Psa 40:1). I will not leav e off.

(1. We ought to prompt one another forward to prayer. Let no man therefore conclude. Which th ou mayest know or discern.) However. yet the Holy Spirit stirs up in thine he art groans and sighs. (c. Teach therefore your children to know their wretch ed state and condition. But if we do not use forms of prayer.) That thou do not think tha t God looks only at them neither. He doth not say. though we ought not to m ake for each other forms of prayer. yet the spirit is not. as aforesaid. by way of bemoaning. that he could not speak (Psa 77:3. But. the Lord open their eyes. when (that we read of) not one word came out of his mouth (Exo 14:15). namely. be much upon thy heart. and plead thine own vileness. and this is the way to make our sweet babes do so too. and his former grace extended to sinners. and make them holy Christians. to see their sad states by . in going about so soon to teach them any set company of words. (a. which if they conscientiously do. and hearty g roans flow from their hearts.not despise" (Psa 51:17). that men go the wrong way to teach their children to pray. it is the next way to make them cursed hypocrites. made heaven ring again with his prayers . together with his r ich promises of grace. hearken unto me.) Tak e heed that thou content not thyself with words. according to the word. To exhort to pray with Christian direction i s one thing. Bu t the other way. it is by conviction for sin. when thou shalt seek him with thy whole heart (Jer 29:13). they would sooner t each their children to pray than they do.) By his condescension and bloodshed. before they know any thing else. and this will make tears run down your sweet babes' eyes. and find him. I will teach you the fear of the Lord" (Psa 34:11). so much the more vehement: when the mouth is hindered. If thou wouldst more fully express thyself before the Lord. "Come ye children. which is. and through whom they should pray: you may tell them also of God's promi ses. Rom 15:30-32). Christ's blood by way of expostulation. Thy filthy estate. yet directs t o prayer (Eph 6:18. But. an d to puff them up with pride. Objection. study. Moses. (b. secondly. as is the common use of poor creatures to do. S aith David. The way that men learn to pray. The apostle gives them no form to pray withal. that therefore it is lawful to make for each other forms of prayer. to be busy in teaching children forms of prayer. of damnation. For to me it seems to be a better way for people betimes to tell their children what cursed creatures they are.) By the mercy he hath extended to great sinners formerly. My judgment is. if you know it yo urselves. tell them of hell-fire and their sins. 2. Object. and to enjoy the other. The stopping of thy words may arise from overmuch trouble in thy heart. and salvation. whether thy words be few or many. 4). first. David was so troubled sometimes. and then also you may tell them to whom they shoul d pray. Yet let me counsel thee. and in thy prayers. God's promises. b ut "I will teach you the fear of the Lord". and to make stinted forms for the tying up the Spirit of God to the m is another thing. The heart of Christ. that because w e may with allowance give instructions and directions to pray. how shall we teach our children to pray? Answ. (2. 3. Ah! Poor sweet babes. But this may comfort all such sorrowful hearts as thou art. and then shalt thou seek him. thirdly. and how they are under the wrath of God by reaso n of original and actual sin. also to tell them the nature of God's wrath. yet here you yourself can give direction how to pray. the way to escape the one. let thine heart go with them. Answ. let the mercy that he hath extended to other great sinners. But though you have seemed to speak against any other way of praying but by the Spirit. that though thou canst not throug h the anguish of thy spirit speak much. I will muzzle you up in a form of prayer. and t he duration of the misery.

as John also taught his disciples. 1." (verse 2) I say unto you (verse 8). But Christ bids pray for the Spirit. (2. Christians ought to pray for the Spirit. both here and hereafter. and in him alone. Christ's tell ing of them that God would give his Holy Spirit to them that ask him. the more will their hearts run out to God in prayer. (1. the Lord teach us by his Word and Spirit. And I say unto you. though it cannot t hrough temptation conclude itself a child of God. (1. love.." &c. "Our Father. though God hath endued them with it already. Prayer i s one of the first things that discovers a man to be a Christian (Acts 9:12). for he saith. know how to give good gifts unto your children. (1. no more will it be with any else (Acts 9:11). is to be u nderstood of giving more of the Holy Spirit. until he was a convinced and converted man. it must not have been so laid down.) We do not find that the apostles did ever observe it as such. Then would you have none pray but those that know they are the disciples of Christ? Answ." (verse 13).) That they s hould pray in faith. for the Spirit it is which he hath said he would send to supply in h is room when he went away. 2. or in "thy likeness. so it centers in him. wh en I awake with" thine image. say. Yes. The speech of Christ there is directed to his own (verse 1). as is to be s een. wisdom. "Wh om have I in heaven but thee? And there is none upon earth that I desire. if you compare Matthew 6 and Luke 11." (Psa 17:15)." long for. Answ. were as eminent as an y HE ever since in the world which would impose it. God never did account Paul a praying man. or after this manner. and seeing he is not here in his person to teach us. and glory. Pray thus. "For in this we . "I shall be satisfied. for still they are the disciples sp oken to. 2. which doth through the Spirit beget prayer in every one that in truth learns it. b oth for knowledge to discern and faithfulness to practice. yet surely they. 1. for his holiness.) To desire God in Chri st. that is. as it is for a sucking child to cry for the breast. (2. Search all their epistles.nature. To be taught by Christ. it will be as natural to thee to groan out thy condition.) For such things as are acc ording to his will. "when ye pray. it is such prayer as followeth. Our Father. [3. Whereas if he intended it as a set fo rm. "beside thee" (Psa 73:25). And the more you teac h them this. (3.] But. Object. And. being evil. in a word. (See Luke 11:9-13). (vers e 9) "If ye then. Quest.) Because he himself layeth it down diversely. But we find that the disciples desired that Christ would teach them to p ray. neither did they admonish others so to do. Christ by those words. &c. Object. this implieth that men without the Spirit may notwithstanding pray and be heard. As to that called a form. as it runs only to God through Christ. I cannot think that Christ intended it as a stinted form of prayer. is that which not only they. (2. For right prayer. but we desire. for more of it.) That the soul might enjoy co ntinually communion with him. or seek after. Let every soul that would be saved pour out itself to God. as it is (John 14:16. Bu t yet if it be right. I know if the grace of God be in thee. and to be instructed in the truth of the gospel. for himself. 16:7). Answ. and that thereupon he taught them that f orm called the LORD'S PRAYER. doth instruct his people what rules they should observe in their prayers to God. which had a measure of the Spirit already. ho w much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him .) To God in the heavens. for a set form is so many words and no m ore.

A w ord of information. What prayer is. Eze 33:31). Pray. and with thei r hearts nothing less. For mark. know that there are these five things that are obstr uctions to prayer. there are two t hings that provoke to prayer." &c. First. for even the most of men either do pray at al l.) Right prayer is accompanied with a co ntinual labour after that which is prayed for. "Hallowed be thy name". but their heart is far from him (Isa 29:13. FIRST. Isa 57:15). nor eloquent tongues. you bestow this upon m e. and with the under standing also. Second. when there is a secret love to that very thing which thou wi th thy dissembling lips dost ask for strength against.] I shall now speak a word or two of application. It is a shame fo r a man to behave himself irreverently before a king. that by the misunderstanding of this m ay seize thy heart. Therefore for information. if wise. I will se ek him whom my soul loveth" (Song 3:2). and the things of this life. had need be very wary. 1. "I will rise now. FOURTH. as well as with hopes of the mercy of God through Jesus Christ. with an intention to throw it to the dogs! Or that should say with one breath. and so conclude with. for do but comp are their prayer and the course of their lives together. and you may easily see that the thing included in their prayer is the least looked after by their lives . A word of rebuke. in a holy an d undefiled state and inheritance. and contrite hear t. at the time of their prayers before God. with their mouth they say. Prayer is an ordinance of God. yet the Lord will never answer them (II Sam 22:42). SECOND. that it will even love. A word of information. that is sweet in the nostrils of the heavenly Majesty (Psa 51:17. but a humble. For this is the wickednes s of man's heart. and go about that work especially with the dread of God. and you shall find them but mock prayers. that are the things whi ch are pleasing in the ears of the Lord. if we should see a beggar ask an alms. It is not long discourses. is not pleased with an oration made up with unseeml y words and gestures. (3. Third. Compare but this one thing with most of the p rayers that are made by men. . 4). I beseech you. For the first to inform you. When men regard iniquity in their hearts. USE First. A word of encouragement. "Thy will be done". With their mouth say. I beseech you. O! how ugly would it be in our eyes. THIRD. For the preventing of temptation. "If I regard iniquity in my heart. What it is to pray with the Spirit. and hold fast. "My soul waiteth for the Lord mor e than they that watch for the morning" (Psa 130:6). The one is a detestation to sin. These be the prayers that become sin (Psa 109:7). that which with the mou th it prays against: and of this sort are they that honour God with their mouth. And as a king. the Lord will not hear" my prayer (Psa 66:18). and with th eir hearts and lives thy delight to dishonour him all the day long. so every one that do th but offer to take upon him to pray to the Lord. or else only endeavour to mock God and the world by so doing. and with the next. but a sin to do so before God. and even make void the requests of the creature. and though they put them up often. What it is to pra y with the Spirit.groan earnestly. the other is a longing desire after communion with God. and theref ore it calleth for so much the more of the assistance of the grace of God to hel p a soul to pray as becomes one that is in the presence of him. (II Cor 5:2). give it me not! And yet thus it is with the se kind of persons. and the b reathings of an abominable spirit. [USE AND APPLICATION. in which a man draws very near to God. and carried on by the Spirit of Christ in the soul. as prayer is the duty of every one of the children of God. broken. O sad hypocrites! Thus have I briefly showed you.. so God takes no pleasure in the sacrifice of fools (Eccl 5 :1.

and also Nebuchadnezzar's wise men. they have their words for their labour. do all in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ (Col 3:17 ). For though God hath appointed prayer. in reference to eternal life.) Their hear ts either rise or fall according to their praise or enlargement. and only with the righteousness of the law to app ear before God. 5. When men pray for a show to be heard. which is the reason they eit her live wicked. These be they that pray to be heard of men. alas! the most of men know not what it is to come to him in the name of the Lord Jesus. but it is the windy applause of men. and yet receive it not. He gave them their desire indeed. pray wicked.) They look for commendation when they have done. The last thing that hindereth prayer is.) Them also that seek repute and applause for their eloquent terms. saith James.2. and are never l ike to be answered.) The length of their prayer pleaseth them. and seek more to tickle the ears and heads of their hearers than anything else. it is in judgment. God answers them only with silence. yet hypocrisy will cau se them to be heard in the streets. and those are such a s are made by men. as they are written in a book. the form of it without the power. But God hears some persons. though you be n ever so devout. yet it is in Christ onl y that you must be heard and accepted. and thought somebody in religion. but they had better have been without it. these prayers also fall far short of God's approbation. as he did Israel. (2. It is an easy thing for men to be very hot for such things as forms of prayer. and others ask and have not. (c. Object. but among company: and if at any time conscience thrusts them into their closet. yet their lusts and their bellies were the great things aimed at by them in all their pieces of devotion. not in mercy. Some have not. for he "sen t leanness into their soul" (Psa 106:15). 4. earnest and constant in prayer. (d. but yet they are altogether forgetful to inquire wit . and promised to hear the prayer of the creature. and t he like. 3. There are two sorts of men tha t pray to this end. (1. when in truth the great business is their own bel lies. and presented to God in their own persons only. Hence it is that so many pray for this and that. but look not fr om what heart they come. as to be exact in word and deed betwixt man and man. without their appearing in the Lord Jesus. and have all their reward already (Matt 6:5). that they may consume it on their lusts (James 4: 2-4). They study for enlargements. and that it might be long. and laid out to wrong ends. If he doth.. "If ye shall ask anything in my name. that thrust themselves into great men's families. A third sort of prayer that will not be accepted of God. when either t hey pray for wrong things. Answ." &c.) They eye only their auditory in their e xpressions.) Your trencher chaplains. pretending the worship of God. 14). that they attain to nothing else but what a mere natural man may attain unto." And whether ye eat or d rink. for they wait not to hearken what the Lord will say (Psa 85:8 ). zealous. in giving quails. yet not the prayer of any creature that com es not in Christ. though they spent them upon thei r lusts (Psa 106:14). These persons are discovered thus. though their hearts be not righ t with him. it is. or if for right things. and were notably painted out by Ahab's prophets. (b. Or else. they will vainly repe at things over and over (Matt 6:7). and when their mouths have done going their prayers are ended. they look for returns. yet that the thing prayed for might be spent upon their lusts. "If ye shall ask anything in my name. because they ask am iss. and that is all. Woe be to that man that God answereth thus. Another sort of prayers there are that are not answered. bec ause they ask not. though they pretended great devotion. or whatsoever ye do. and also die wicked. who. And therefore they love not to be in their chamber. (John 14:13. (a. Ends contrary to Go d's will is a great argument with God to frustrate the petitions presented befor e him. But.

when their very duties of prayer. not only senselessness. and thou gh God calls for. so pray. (Luke 8:9). They in person appear as hypocrites. Let not thy mo uth go any further than thou strivest to draw thine heart along with it. but by being sensible there is a sense of sen selessness. make me to know mine end .h themselves. According to thy sense. Caution 2. and though such persuasions do come in upon thy s pirit. in thy approaching to God. As such sudden temptations should not stop thee from prayer. David w ould lift his heart and soul to the Lord. It is th e great work of the devil to do his best. be so far from being discouraged by them. and that they will be endeavouring to pu t forth themselves in thy praying to him. and therefore if thou hast a mind to enlarge in prayer before God. But. Consider seriously what thou want est. and good reason. These men are li ke a painted man. when he stands at a poor Joshua's hand to resist him . and to lay thyself so much the more at the foot of God. When they say the y have been pouring out their souls to God he saith they have been howling like dogs (Hosea 7:14). "Lord. If thou findest thyself senseless in some sad measure. then. (Let not thy corruptions stop thy prayers). for so far as a man's mouth goeth along without his heart. that thou forget not the life of prayer. that is. and if thou art sensible of thy senselessness. and all other. and ask for such thin gs as indeed they do not desire. I shall conclude this use with a caution or two. and their prayers like a false voice. And the first is." saith David (Psa 39:4). He will flatter your false dissembling hypocrites. And to this is annexed the promise. nor see that they stand in need thereof. against the best pray ers. 2. "Call unto me and I will answer t hee. or art minded to pray to the Lord of heaven and e arth. neither prayest thereby. in a sense of thy own vileness. but our being without sense of our sense lessness. Answ. "Lord. and rather make an argument from thy vileness and co rruption of heart. Do not. Thy business then is to judge them. 1. 2. When therefore thou intendest. to persuade him. therefore. yet the lips without the heart argueth. take heed thou do not throw off prayer. whether they have the spirit and power of prayer. Answ. yet thou canst n ot complain of that senselessness. Zech 3:1). 3. keep to that. and accepteth the calves of the lips. see that it be with thy heart. open to us this parable. But I have a sense of nothing. I must not pray a t all. then. Take heed. Thi s was the usual practice of the holy men of God. and take heed thou pray sensibly. so neither should thine own heart's corruptions hinder thee. and so to please thyself with the u se of them. Take heed of affecting expressions. and feed them with a tho usand fancies of well-doing. that thou hast of the need of anything . by your argument. Caution 1. than . or rather worst." said the disciples ( Luke 8:9). Take heed that thy heart go to God as well as thy mouth. consider these following particulars. It may be thou mayest find in thee all those things before mentioned. pray the L ord to make thee sensible of whatever thou findest thine heart senseless of. Whe n thou seest what thou wantest. and their prayers are an abomination (Prov 28:9). Answ. that thou use them to put thee upon further sincerity and restlessness of spirit." that thou ar t not sensible of (Jer 33:3). 1. that neither his person nor performances are accepte d of God (Isa 65:5. and pour ing out thy soul to God. through sud den persuasions that thou hast not the Spirit. to plead with God for justifying and sanctifying grace. as many who in their words only beat the air. to pray against them. so far it is but lip-labour only. of such false conclusions a nd groundless discouragements. and show thee great and mighty things which thou knowest not. st ink in the nostrils of God. Object.

he speaketh a parable of a man that went to his friend to borrow three loaves. though through unbelief they do not. yet if they follow you. and that by good experience. continue knocking." Poor souls! They are very apt to entertain strange thoughts of God. Are there bowels in you that are wicked. cannot believe that they are the people of God. Is it not so with you in respect of your beggars that come to your door? Though you have no heart to give them anything at their first asking. yet I say." Poor heart ! thou criest out that God will not regard thee. and stirring of them to groan unto the Lord for mercy. and will take no nay without an alms. And verily." or restless desires. it is upon the mercy-seat: "There I will meet with thee. "O Lord. to the end he may hear a nd regard the prayers of poor creatures. t empted. Mark. mine own experience tells me. nor. That scripture in Luke 11:8 is very encouraging to any poor soul that doth hu nger after Christ Jesus. that thou mayest obtain mercy. throne. he did arise and give him. through the weakness of their faith. and that is a "throne of grace" (Heb 4:1 6). and to commune with him. for the present. yet they should never leave asking. to encourage them. lay down further these few particulars. bemoaning t hemselves. cannot see that they are the friends of God. If he had said. denied him. moaning. therefore I shall. that there is nothing that doth more prevail with God than importunity. in the parable of the unjust judge and the poor widow. nay. as he in the parable. 1. "pardon mine iniquity. such as he delight s in. to the poor. then indeed you might have trembled and fled from the face of the great and glorious Majesty. And therefore. "The mercy-seat" (Exo 25:22). he will arise and give thee a s many as thou needest (Luke 11:8). saith Christ. though he will not rise and give him. Which signifieth that in the days of the gospe l God hath taken up his seat. but rather an enemy in thine heart by wicked works (Col 1:21) . you will give them. And thou art as though thou didst hear the Lord saying to thee. But when he saith he will hear and c ommune with souls upon the throne of grace. David went this way. who." The same in effect you have disc overed. yet because of his importunity. for their c ontinual begging overcometh you. and" there "I wi ll commune with thee." mark. and wi ll they be wrought upon by an importuning beggar? Go thou and do the like. and hath taken up his place on purpose there. to "come boldly unto the throne of grace. I will commune with the e from my throne of judgment. to speak a word by way of encouragement. Another encouragement for a poor trembling convinced soul is to consider the place. (Rom 8:27)Ðyet becaus e many poor souls may have the Holy Spirit working on them. this should encourage thee. clearly signifying that though poor souls. to pray to God through Christ. A word of encouragement. he wil l arise and give thee as many as thou needest. 2. Though all prayer tha t is accepted of God in reference to eternal life must be in the SpiritÐfor that o nly maketh intercession for us according to the will of God. Luke 18. in mercy and forgiveness. In verses 5-7. his abiding-place. and cast down soul. "I say unto you. and f rom thence he doth intend to hear the sinner. or seat. "he will rise and give him as many as he needeth. because of thy importunity. as he sai th (Exo 25:22). "though he will not rise and give thee. when yet he is upon the me rcy-seat. secondly. I cannot give unto thee. It is a prevailing motive. I tell thee.Ðspeaking before of the mercy-seatÐ"And there I will meet with argument of discouragement and despair. thou dost not find that thou ar t a friend to him. on which the great God hath placed himself to hear the p etitions and prayers of poor creatures. seeking. and cause thee to hope. yet forasmuch as the truth of grace may be in them. because thou art his friend. or from the mercy-seat. for it is great" (Psa 25:11). and knocking a t God's door for mercy. c rying." saith he. her impo rtunity prevailed with him. Trouble me not . and his carriage towards them: and suddenl y to conclude that God will have no regard unto them. and bewailing thyself. and find grace to help in time of need" (H . y et for his importunity-sake. USE Second. because he is his friend. because he was in bed. yet. from above the mercy-seat.

and yo u will then feel the benefit of praying with the Spirit and with the understandi ng also. when he doth but see the blood. (Exo 12:13). 20). and the plague shall not be upon you. Thou criest out that thou art vile. that thou goest to bed like a dog." &c. and o pens a floodgate for the mercy of the Lord to be extended unto thee. who continually besprinklet h it with his blood. shall rise up in judg ment against thee. and therefore God will not regard thy prayers. A word of reproof. as aforesaid. and a noi se for something to refresh them when they want it. he hath audience. if thou hast it no t. so there is also by his mercy-seat. How likest thou this. "Pour out thy fury upon the heathen. mock at. Now the blood was to stop justice from running out upon the persons concerned in the intercession of the high-priest. fear not. but thou hast not the heart to ask for heaven. or a sot. make signs." saith the apos tle. There is yet another encouragement to continue in prayer with God: and that i s this: As there is a mercy-seat. Jesus is there. and his blood speaks. This speaks sadly to you who never pray at all. The promise is that every one that is righ teous shall pray (Psa 32:6).. and undervalu e the Spirit..eb 4:16). desiring to be saved from the guilt. though thou must eternally perish in hell. not only to sprinkle the mercy-seat with his blood. Thou hast t herefore. though God was upon the mercy-seat. according to their kind. they have prayer made for them. and tell him your case. Besides. and forgettest to call upon God? What wilt thou do when thou shalt be damned in hell. But the people that forget prayer. as in Leviticus 16:1317. the ravens. Jesus Christ. Jac ob got the name of Israel by wrestling with God (Gen 32). yet he was perfectly just a s well as merciful. that didst not count mercy worth asking for? I tell thee." O Lord. the dogs. and his blood hath audience. And all his children b are that name with him (Gal 6:16). insomuch that God saith. USE Third. and cleansed from the filth. and so saith the heart of them that are Christians. Be sober and humble. But if from a sense of thy v ileness thou do pour out thy heart to God. 3. W hen the high-priest under the law was to go into the holiest. but he speaks. "boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesu s. if thou delight in th y vileness. he "will pass over you . for they will. and come to God out of a mere pretence. where the mercy-se at was. Thou then art not a Chr istian that art not a praying person. a nd risest like a hog. Thou then art a wicked wretch that prayest not. and praying by that. Hence it is called "the blood of sprinkling" (Heb 12:24). when God shall come to reck . The value of the blood of Christ which is sprinkled upon the mercy-seat stops the course of justice. it is true. "and upon the families that c all not on thy name" (Jer 10:25). in the assistance of the Spirit. because thou couldst not find in thine hea rt to ask for heaven? Who will grieve for thy sorrow. thou shalt not die (Heb 10:1 9. 2. This rebukes you that make it your business to slight. O thou that art so far o ff from pouring out thine heart before God. I shall not detain you any longer. What will you do. 1. Why so? Because. "I will pray. he might not go in "without blood" (Heb 9:7). go to the Father in the name of the Son. &c. but it is such as t his." that hath made "a new and living way" for thee. that call not on the name of the Lord. from whence God is willing to commune with poor sinner s. to signify that all thine unworthiness that thou fearest should not hinder t hee from coming to God in Christ for mercy. thy vileness will not cause the Lord to stop his ear from hearing of thee. with all thy heart.

that makest it thy business to ra ge against. to that end that you should taunt at it? Is this to serve God? And doth this demonstrate the reformation of your church? Nay.. the traditions of men? T hus is the Spirit of prayer disowned. What is this less than that accursed abominatio n of Jeroboam. be the burthen of your so ng. hereticalÐa disparagement to the church. but you must sin against the Holy Ghost? Must the holy. to command that in the worship of God which he hath not required? N ay further. And if I shoul d say that men that do these things aforesaid. as I am sure he hath not. and yet in the meantime you will bla spheme the Spirit of the Lord. is it not the mark of implacab le reprobates? O fearful! Can you not be content to be damned for your sins agai nst the law. do you that mock at the Spirit of Ch rist think to escape unpunished? (Num 16. that they do mo st desperately rush into the same transgression. Heb 10:29). therefore must that man be looked upon as factious. a seducer of the people . the Spirit debased. though with that onl y. or go unrewarded with vengeance. And will thy sin be a virtue. notwithstanding those absurdities contained therein. deride. with Mark 3:28-30). to set up an institution of man. for conscience sake. bisho p. show us where? If not.on for these things? You count it high treason to speak but a word against the k ing. and by that means brought such displeasure from God u pon them. you tremble at the thought of it. and they that pray with the form. which beca use they are at large discovered by others. though a man be willing to live never so peaceably. own that for one of the most eminent parts of God's worship. neither commanded nor commended of God. they that pray with the Spirit. but even all must be confessed as the divine worship of God. erroneous. wh ich he never commanded. Again. the p romise of Christ. Did you never read what Go d did to Ananias and Sapphira for telling but one lie against it? (Acts 5:1-8). more than taught. as to this day is not appeased? (I Kings 12:26-33). that the traditions of men should be of better esteem. yet because he cannot. he doth advance a form of men's making above it. I say. Is God indeed to be dallied with. and the form imposed. they must be driven either out of the land or the world. which kept many from going to Jerusalem. or other. by a form of man's inventing. the nature of God. Also to Simon Magus for but undervaluing of it? (Acts 8:18-22). the Comforter of his children. the place and way of God 's appointment to worship. which commandeth that the church should turn away from such as have "a form of godliness. and the form extolled. to taunt. As this is the doom of those who do openly blaspheme the Holy Ghost. and whosoever will not obey here in. and help. and what not? Lord. it is not that part only of the form. and deny the power thereof"? (II Tim 3:5). though never so humble an d holy. For he that advanceth the book of Common Prayer above the Spirit of praye r. Hath God required these things at your hands? If he hath. that it giveth unto the ch ildren of God? It is a fearful thing to do despite unto the Spirit of grace (Com pare Matt 12:31. But this do all those who ba . that without which no man can d o any service acceptable to the FatherÐmust this. and mock at? If God sent Korah and his company headlong to hell for speaking against Moses and Aaron. and more to be owned than the Spirit of prayer. service. in a way of disdain and reproach to its office and service: so also it is sad for you. viz. 3. and undefiled Spirit of grace. when for the doctr ine of God there is imposed. counted the virtuous! And how will the favorers of such a practice answer tha t Scripture. and oppose its office. I omit the rehearsal of them. above the spirit of prayer. w ho resist the Spirit of prayer. do advance a form of prayer of ot her men's making. counted fanatics. nay. it would not take long time to pro ve it. Yet the doctors of our da y are so far from taking of warning by the punishment of others. A very juggle of t he devil. that is. which is several texts of Scri pture that we are commanded to say. what will be the fruit of these things. sedi tious. harmless. then what cursed presumption is it in any pope. and will the en d be pleasant unto you? Did God send his Holy Spirit into the hearts of his peop le. One would think th at God's judgments of old upon the hypocrites of that day should make them that have heard of such things take heed and fear to do so.

When the troops of Em manuel besiege Mansoul. and consequently unto prayer.nish. The Lor d in mercy turn the hearts of the people to seek more after the Spirit of prayer . Count to run with the foremost therein. It is the only medium of intercourse with heaven. and they that worship him MUST WORSHIP HIM IN SPIRIT AND IN TRUTH" (Jo hn 4:24). and them that look after the form of men's inventio ns only in the alehouse. when manifest in the flesh. PUBLISHED. into which it is pl unged by Adam's transgression. Take heed of the flatteries of false brethren. that it deceive thee not in thy evidences for heave n. while they hug and embrace them that pray by that form only. when it hath nothing but the tradit ion of men. social. Only let me say it is a sad sign. ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR. l ook for them. has exh austed his ingenuity and malice to prevent the exercise of this holy and delight ful duty. The great enemy of souls. If you desire the clearing of the minor. I have taken my mark amiss. from the creation to the final consummation of all thingsÐ"God is a Spirit. 11. 7. and publicÐat all tim es and seasons. "It is that language wherein a c reature holds correspondence with his Creator. 12. though never so powerfully enabled by the Spirit of prayer. Consider th e work of thy generation. 1663. 5. Be jealous of thine own heart. look into the jails in England. their great effort was to gain "eargate" as a chief entr . and in the strength of that. and I trow you will find those that plead for the S pirit of prayer in the jail. to pour out their souls before the Lord. aided by the perverse state of the human mind. The first day therefore that thou dost enter into Christ's congregation. WRITTEN IN PRISON. dwells with his heavenly Father. When they do come. 9. and that because they do it. It is not pleasant for me to dwell on this. or desire to banish. in his history of the Holy War. There is no subject of more solemn importance to human happiness than prayer. Believe that as sure as you are in the way of God you must meet with temptation s. I shall conclude this discourse with this word of advice to all God's people. sweeping declaration. and wherein the soul of a saint g ets near to God. Keep in the life and power of truth. if they in con science cannot admit of that form of Common Prayer. beg of God to carry thee through them. Grace be with thee. is entertained with great delight. and the strength of persecution. nor in thy walking with God in this world. 2. His most successful effort has been to keep the soul in that fatal let hargy. which is God's special and gracious appointment. 3. that that which is one of the most eminent parts of th e pretended worship of God is Antichristian. Edited by George Offor. Take heed of little sins."[1] God. Look most at the thin gs which are not seen. 4. befor e the Spirit of prayer. hath given us a solem n. embracing all prayerÐprivate. THE CONCLUSION. 1662. as it were. or preaching the Word. and int o the alehouses of the same. Keep the promise warm upo n thy heart. If this be not an exalting t he Common Prayer Book above either praying by the Spirit. 1. 6. to uphold or plead for it. them that pray with the Spirit of prayer. or death unto holiness. Renew thy acts of faith in the blood of Christ. 8. 10. and. It is evident also by the silencing of God's dear minis ters. Bunyan has some striking illustrations of Satan's devices to stifle prayer. T herefore they love and advance the form of their own or others' inventing.

So it was with the decree of King Darius." "to vi sit the fatherless and widows in their affliction. but a sensible feelin g in the heart. but the messengers make no impression. affection. whose name is holy: I dwellÐwith himÐthat is of a contrite and humble spirit" (Is a 57:15)." and to "continue in prayer. to prevent prayer. and so it has ever been with any royal or parliamentary interf erence with Christian liberty. an angry and onditioned fellow. as many take it to be . s peaking of private prayer. even a few babbling." Bunyan. our own deep repentance and sense of utter helplessness drives us to th e Saviour. the Christian's divine life may be measured by his b eing able to "pray without ceasing. but at once cried. "EVERY ONE of us shall gi ve account of himself to God" (Rom 14:12)." Diabo ill-c calle of Di Nothing but the irresistible power of Emmanuel could have overcome these obstacl es. "Lord. and Mansoul becomes happy. and in choosing the forms of public worship. but having enjoyed comm union with God. Our own "Desires-awake" and "Wet-eyes. keenly inquires."[3] their names were "Desires Awake and Wet Eyes." Men ought always to pray. I beseech thee delive r my soul. and." and to preserve us "unspotte d from the world" (James 1:27). At length Ca rnal Security interrupts and mars this happiness. devotional expressions become familiar. save us." When David was compassed about with the sorrows of hell. "Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth" (Rom 14:4)." and these were arrayed in the most excellent armour abolous. we perish. captain of that ward. sense."[2] Various efforts are made to send petitions. "Thus saith the High and lofty One that inhabiteth eternit y. or any other form." to "seek God's face continually. prating. two acceptable messengers are found. (Dan 6). but in "a v ery mean cottage. and at that important gate there were placed. as all Christians are." This does not consist in perpetua lly repeating any form of prayer. but in that devotional frame of mind which ena bles the soul to say. "The Lord is nigh unto all them that call upon himÐIN TRUTH" (Psa 145:18)." our own aspirations af ter God. Prayer leads to "pure religion and undefiled. he at once ejaculates. By this we are taught the utter worthlessness of depending upon the pr ayers of saints on earth. In all that related to the individual approach of the spiri t to its heavenly Father. and longing that we nt to God in that prayer"." Sincerity and a dependence upon the mediatorial office of Chris t is all that God requires. and naturally produces hypocrisy and persecution. Our own prayers al one are availing. He conquers and reigns supreme. will God not hear thee "except thou comest before him with some eloquent oration?" "It is not. The soul that communes with God attains an aptitude in prayer which no human lea rning can give. "O Lord. All the solemnities of the day of jud . To compel or to bribe persons to attend religious services is unjustifiable. "the Lord Will-be-will. our pious author offended not. desirous of communion with the sa ints on earth. Diabolous "lands up Mouthgate with dirt." When the disciples were in danger they did not recite the Lord's Pra yer. not dwelling in palaces. until. complimentary expressions. "A man that truly prays one prayer. prayer without ce asing enables the new-born man to breathe the celestial atmosphere. in the extremity of the soul's dis tress. the Spirit of adoption l eads them with deep solemnity to approach the Infinite Eternal as a father. shall after that never be able to express with his mouth. he gave great offenc e to many by rejecting the Book of Common Prayer. or the glorified spirits of heaven. through whom ALONE we can find access and adoption into the family of our Father who is in heaven.ance to Mansoul. by order of lous. he was. The Redeemer gradually withdraws. "For me to live is Christ." illustratin g the inspired words. Blessed indeed are those who enjoy an abiding se nse of the Divine presence. Priv ate prayer is so essentially spiritual that it cannot be reduced to writing. who made one old Mr. and put under his power sixty men d Deafmen to keep it. Satan assaults the soul with armies of doubts. "A DUMB AND PRAYERLESS SPIRIT. or pen the unutterable desires. Prejudice.

" then must we rely. In this an outline is given of public thank sgivings. who. and ordered the services to be co nducted by the rules of a directory. and petitions. concise. and entered upon hi s Christian life." Nor should such differences lead us to despise each other. as Bunyan di d. from time to time. that the Liturgy of the Church of England. and recolle cted his former ignorance and superstition. at the risk of his life. but no form of prayer. which crumble into dust. setting fort h his views upon this most important subject. Let our first inquiry be. He considered that the most essential qualific ation for the Christian ministry is the gift of prayer. and s o well-taught in the Scriptures. add to. listened to the Book of Common Prayer. In the preface the Puritans record their opinion. and with every regard to beauty of language? Whic h of these modes is most in accordance with the directions of the Sacred Scriptu res. only as the Spirit helpeth our infirmities. and conduct. its estimation hath been raised by prelates. because urbanity was not the fashion of that day in religious controversy. gives them abundance of well-arranged words in praying with their families and with the si ck or dejected. Bunyan. " But when he arose from the long and dread conflict with sin. and treated them with great severity. published this treatise. are worthy of our careful investigation. Great allowances must be made for all that appears harsh in language. guided solely by the volume of in spiration. making it an idol to the ignorant and superstitious. when he attended public worship. but to the necessity of private decision on all questions of faith.gment point not merely to the right. to alter. and did "very devoutly say and sing as others did. but the opinions of one so eminently pious. Any preconceived form would have fettered Bunyan's free spirit. Mansoul. and if so. Being conscientiously and p rayerfully decided in his judgment. as if there were no other way of worship. and even an ignominious death. immediately conceived under a sense of His presence. The great question as to public prayer is whether the minister should. a matter of endless strife. and it is a clear. relying upon Divine assistance. are those who se intercourse with heaven sheds an influence on their whole conduct. or diminish from it? On the ot her hand. offer up prayer to God in the Saviour's name. had. and most likely to be attended with spiritual benefit to the assembled chur ch? Surely this inquiry does not involve the charge of schism or heresy upon eit her party. "Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. He had been most crue lly imprisoned. while yet a prisoner in Bedford jail. and are taug . with threats of transportation. Blessed. should we conclude that "We know not what we should pray for as we oug ht. upon the promised aid of that gracious Spirit. indeed. Bunyan had weighed these observations. unprofitable ceremonies hath occasioned much mischief. while God's temples will be ever glorious as eternit y rolls on. and of increasing an idle ministry. skillfully arranged. and scriptural discourse. At that time an Act of Parliament prohibi ted its use under severe and unjust penalties. is the temple which the Creator has chosen for his worship. or whet her it is better. as it is certainly easier. andÐwhose lives prove that they have been with Jesus. whether the Saviour int ended a fixed form of prayer? And if so. and commanded the deepest reverence while leading the public devotions of the largest congregations. did he give His church any other than t hat most beautiful and comprehensive form called the Lord's Prayer? And did he l icense any one. Upon this subject learne d and pious men have differed. worship. confessions. he was a giant i n prayer. he set all these threats at defiance. hath proved a n offence. to read a form of prayer. when he counted all things holy conn ected with the outward forms. notwit hstanding all the pains and religious intentions of its compilers. he decidedly preferred emancipation from forms of prayer. and it is infinitely more glorious than earthly edifice s. f or refusing conformity to the Book of Common Prayer. and bo ldly. to the sixteenth year of his age. in its regenerate state.

is not this enc ouragement?ÐJ. the shou lder to the door to keep him out. Thus great things were obtained by Jacob. (Matt 15:21-28).. 81. p. [8] Jesus Christ has opened the way to God the Father. Num 14: 13. by Joshua. by the woman o f Canaan. and they shall find God upon a throne of gra ce. Fox's citation of the mass. FOOTNOTES: [1] Dr. vol. 346. In that name a man may draw near to God with boldness. in Scripture language. (Exo 30:11-14. "pray with the spirit and with the und erstanding also. [2] Vol iii. 4to. by Moses. RyleÐED. Only let them cry to God in the name of Jesus. (10:12-14). God has engaged to hear by him. iii. ???[4] Pilgrimage of Perfection. only let the m plead the atoning blood of Jesus. Fox's Acts and Monuments.ÐED. v. and against his holy Word: I have found my unbelief to set. p.ÐED. 298. willing and ready to hear. [10] "In these days. p. OFFOR. by the sacrifice He made for us upon the cross. (James 5:16).21)." GEO. think of this. [6] How easy to forget all God's benefits. and ask with confidence. Watt's Guide to Prayer. .2."Ð Grace Abounding. or who. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man avail eth much.. The name of Jesus is a never-failing passport to our prayers. [5] Effectual fervent prayer is wrought in the heart by the Holy Ghost. (Gen 32:24-28). (II Kings 19:14-37). [3] Vol iii. I should find my heart to shut itself up against the Lord. 1526.. by Hezekiah. C. and how impossible it is to remember them all!ÐED. The holiness and justice of God need not frighten sinners and keep them back. [9] See Mr. as it were. No. Reader. 9. and thos e objects for which HE inclines the soul to pray are bestowed by God. in the last volume of the Book of Martyr s. [7] See Mr.