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activist. He has lived in several countries and has made public appearances in many parts of the world to speak about freedom of the press. International attention for WikiLeaks rose in 2010 when. and the United States Department of Justice is still investigating whether Assange can be . before becoming a computer programmer and then becoming internationally renowned for his work with WikiLeaks.Julian Paul Assange He is an Australian editor. the 2011 Sydney Peace Foundation gold medal and the 2011 Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism. which was broadcast in 2012. Readers' Choice for Time magazine's 2010 Person of the Year. Assange was a hacker-activist in his youth.S. and investigative journalism. which publishes submissions of secret information. censorship. publisher and journalist. He is best known as the editor-in-chief and founder of WikiLeaks. While in England under house arrest. Assange hosted a political talk show called The World Tomorrow. including the 2009 Amnesty International Media Award. with its partners in the news media. Bradley Manning has since been arrested on suspicion of supplying the cables to WikiLeaks. He has received numerous awards and nominations. news leaks and classified media from anonymous news sources and whistleblowers. it began to publish U. military and diplomatic documents.

Assange was involved in starting one of the first public internet service providers in Australia. the first free and open source port scanner. he co-invented the Rubberhose deniable encryptionsystem. Suburbia Public Access Network. he has been residing in the Ecuadorian embassy in London. Starting around 1997. Madness and Obsession on the Electronic Frontier (1997). where he worked on developing free software and programming. which Assange says he fears may result in his subsequent extradition to the United States of America to face charges over the diplomatic cables case. which credits him as a researcher and reports his history with International Subversives. a cryptographic concept made into a software package for the Linux operating system designed to provide plausible . Assange has been subject to a European Arrest Warrant in response to a Swedish police request for questioning in relation to a rape and sexual assault investigation.prosecuted. Starting in 1994. He helped to write the book Underground: Tales of Hacking. The British government intends to extradite Assange to Sweden under that arrest warrant if he leaves the embassy. Since December 2010. He contributed several patches to the PostgreSQL project in 1996. he lived in Melbourne. where he has since been granted diplomatic asylum. Since 19 June 2012. In 1995. In 1993. he wrote Strobe.

transcribed and archived in the bowels of an unaccountable foreign spy agency". he registered the domain leaks. Earthmen Technology". Everyone's overseas phone calls are or may soon be tapped. 15 November 1999 – "This is just between us (and the spies)".org.deniability against rubber-hose cryptanalysis." . In 1999. Assange said that "this patent should worry people. Assange was characterised as a "cryptographer" in a Suelette Dreyfus article published in The Independent. command-line based search engines." Other free-software that he has authored or co-authored a includes the Usenet caching interface software for web- NNTPCache and Surfraw. In 1998. and was said to have been the moderator of "the online Australian discussion forum AUCRYPTO". "Assange co-founded his first and only Australian company. but he says he "didn't do anything with it. he originally intended the system to be used "as a tool for human rights workers who needed to protect sensitive data in the field. "while investigating NSA capabilities". and during this time Assange claimed to have found a new patent relating to the US National Security Agency's technology for monitoring calls.