4551/1 Biology Paper 1 CHAPTER 6 : NUTRITION Year Quantity YEAR 2003 1 2003 3 2004 5 2005 8 2006 4 2007 6

Nutrition

2008 7

Four different food tests were carried out on a food sample. The results are shown in Table 1. Test tube 1 2 3 4 Test carried out Biuret test Benedicts test Iodine test DCPIP test Table 1 The food sample contains I protein II starch III vitamin C IV reducing sugar A B C D I and IV only II and III only I, II and III only I, II, III and IV Observation Violet solution Blue solution Dark blue Colourless solution

2

Figure 6 shows a step in the procedure to test starch in a leaf

Figure 6
What A B C D is the aim of the step in Figure 6? To dissolve the chlorophyll To soften the leaf To extract the starch To break down the cell wall

Answer To Score

1

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 3. Figure 27 shows part of the human digestive system

Nutrition

Figure 27
Which of the following will result if X is removed? A Lipase is not produced B Fats will not be digested C Proteins will not be digested D Pancreatic juice does not reach the duodenum

YEAR 2004

1

The figure represents a chemical equation for photosynthesis.

Carbon dioxide

+

Light P Chlorophyll Q

+

Oxygen

What are P and Q? P A B C D Water Water Hydrogen ion Hydrogen ion Ion Glucose Starch Glucose Q

Answer To Score

2

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Nutrition

2.

The figure shows a "healthy diet" pyramid.

Which level of food needs to be taken the most? A B C D 3. Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4

The diagram shows a longitudinal section of a villus. Which of the following nutrients are found in X?

I Glucose II Amino acid III Fat IV Vitamin D A B C D I and II only III and IV only I, II, and IV only I, II, III and IV

Answer To Score

3

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 4

Nutrition

The following measurements were made during an experiment to determine the calorific value of bread.

Mass of bread Mass of water Initial water temperature Final water temperature

=2g = 10 g = 28oC = 56oC

What is the calorific value of the bread? A B 5. 140 Jg-1 280 Jg-1 C D 588 J g-1 1 176 J g-1

The diagram shows an experiment on photosynthesis.

Which of the following will increase the rate at which gas bubbles are released in the experiment? A Using a 40 W bulb B Using water bath of 45°C C Replacing Elodea with Hydrilla D Using sodium hydrogen carbonate solution 1.0%

Answer To Score

4

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 YEAR 2005 1.

Nutrition

The diagram shows the structure of a chloroplast seen under an electron microscope.

Which of the following processes occurs in X? A Reduction of carbon dioxide by hydrogen B Dissociation of water molecule by sunlight C Production of glucose D Production of starch 2. The diagram shows the feeding method of organism X

What is the feeding method of organism X? A Holozoic C Saprophytic B Parasitic D Autotrophic 3. The diagram shows cross sections of the leaves of four different hibiscus species. Which of the following leaves A, B, C or D, will produce the highest rate of photosynthesis?

Answer To Score

5

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 4.

Nutrition

The diagram shows a human digestive system. Which of the parts A, B , C or D, produces an enzyme that hydrolyses fats?

5.

Which of the following information is true for both photosynthesis and aerobic respiration? Photosynthesis Cells with chloroplasts B Condition at which process takes Presence of light place Water and carbon C Substrate dioxide Glucose, oxygen and D Products water A Cell that carries out the process Aerobic respiration All types of living cells Absence of light Glucose Carbon dioxide, ethanol and energy

6.

The photograph shows a child suffering from a disease.

Answer To Score

6

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4551/1 Nutrition Biology Paper 1 Which of the foods A, B, C or D, should be taken often by the child to recover from the disease?

7.

The table shows the types and quantity of food taken by a student in a day. Types of food Rice Butter Potatoes Milk Banana Chicken Quantity / g 200 50 100 200 50 100 Energy / kJ per 100g 2 000 3 000 500 300 50 800

The total energy obtained by the student is A 6 425 kJ C 7 425 kJ B 6 650 kJ D 8 950 kJ 8. A medical check-up shows that a patient’s pancreas is damaged and has to be removed Which of the following should be done by the patient to maintain a normal blood sugar level? A Take glucose injections B Take a balance diet C Take Insulin and glucagon injections D Reduce intake of high calorie food

Answer To Score

7

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Nutrition

YEAR 2006 1 Diagram 8 shows a child suffering from disease.

The child suffers the disease because of lack of A B C D 2 carbohydrate fibre protein vitamin

Which of the following is true about the enzyme and its function? Enzyme Rennin Pepsin Trypsin Erepsin Function Clots milk Emulsifies milk Digests fat Hydrolyses fat

A B C D 3

Table 1 shows the nutrient content of R,S,T and U in milk and butter Food Milk Butter R 3.0 0.5 Nutrient content (%) S T 89.0 4.5 16.5 0.0 Table 1 Which is represented by R, S, T and U? R Protein Water Carbohydrate Protein S Water Protein Fat Carbohydrate T Carbohydrate Fat Protein Water U Fat Carbohydrate Water Fat U 3.6 6.3

A B C D

Answer To Score

8

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Nutrition

4

Diagram 9 shows the graph of volume of carbon dioxide taken in or released by a plant in a forest at different light intensities.

Which of the following is true about the information obtained from the graph? A.

B.
C. D.

At point W, the quantity of carbon dioxide released is zero At point X, the quantity of the intake and the release of carbon dioxide are equal At point Y, the quantity of carbon dioxide released is maximum At point Z, the quantity of the intake and the release of carbon dioxide are equal

YEAR 2007 1. The following equation shows the process of photosynthesis. Sunlight P + Water Chlorophyll What is represented by P, Q and R ? P Glucose Oxygen Carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide Q Water Glucose Energy Glucose R Oxygen Carbon dioxide Oxygen Oxygen Q + R

A B C D

Answer To Score

9

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Nutrition

2. Three different food tests were carried out on a food sample. The observations are shown in Table 2. Test Benedict’s test Biuret test Iodine test Observation Brick red precipitate is formed No change Iodine solution turns dark blue

Which of the following is the food sample? A. B. C. D. 3. Milk Biscuit Fried fish Meat ball

Which of the following is needed during the light-dependent reaction of photosynthesis ? A. B. C. D. ATP Water Hydrogen atom Carbon dioxide

4. Diagram 8 is a graph showing the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis.

Which of the following can be concluded about the rate of photosynthesis between the curves J and K ? A. B. C. D. It is not influenced by the concentration of carbon dioxide It is limited by the concentration of carbon dioxide It is limited by the light intensity It is not influenced by the temperature

Answer To Score

10

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Nutrition

5. Which of the following is an effect of malnutrition? A. B. C. D. Dwarfism Colour blindness Night blindness Muscular dystrophy

6. The following are four types of enzymes.

• • • •

Amylase Sucrase Lactase Maltase

Which nutrient can be hydrolysed by all the four types of enzymes? A. B. C. D. Carbohydrate Minerals salts Protein Lipid

YEAR 2008 1. Table 2 shows the nutrient content in 100g of various types of food. Nutrition content Food White Bread Apple Butter Rice Eggs Protein/ g 8.0 0.3 0.5 6.2 12.3 Lipid/ g 1.7 0 82.5 1.0 10.9 Table 2 A student bled and fractured his bone during school sport practice. Based on Table 2, which types of food are suitable for the student for the fast recovery? A. B. C. D. Apple, rice, butter White bread, eggs, rice Eggs, apple, butter White bread, butter, apple Carbohydrate /g 54.3 12.0 0 86.8 0 Calcium /mg 100 4 15 4 56 Iron /mg 1.7 0.3 0.2 0.4 2.1

Answer To Score

11

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Nutrition

2. Which process occurs only in a liver cell? A. B. C. D. Synthesis of a new protoplasm Repair of damaged tissues Synthesis of bile Synthesis of plasma membrane

3. The following statements are about the rate of photosynthesis. The rate of photosynthesis increases when light intensity becomes higher. In some plants, the rate of photosynthesis decreases in the middles of a hot sunny day. Which of the following explains the above statement? A. B. C. D. The palisade cells plasmolyse due to water loss The enzymes involved in photosynthesis are denatured The stomatal pores close to reduce the loss of water from the leaves The chloroplasts in the palisade cells are destroyed by the heat

4. The following data is the result of an experiment to determine the energy value of a peanut. Mass of peanut Mass of water Initial temperature of water Final temperature of water 0.5g 20 g 25oC 45oC

The specific heat capacity of water is 4.2Jg-1 oC-1. Calculate the energy value of the peanut. A. 1 680 Jg-1 3 360 Jg-1 7 560 Jg-1 11 760 Jg-1

B. C. D.

Answer To Score

12

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1 5. Diagram 6 shows a child with rickets.

Nutrition

Which vitamin is he lacking? A. B. C. D. Vitamin B Vitamin C Vitamin D Vitamin E

6. Diagram 7 shows hydrolysis of fats.

What are P, Q and R? A B C D P Amylase Lipase Amylase Lipase Q Glucose Fatty acid Fructose Glycerol R Fructose Glycerol Glucose Fatty acid

7. Diagram 8 shows a method used to improve the quality and quantity of food production. Answer To Score

13

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4551/1 Biology Paper 1

Nutrition

What is the method used? A. B. C. D. Aeroponics Hydroponics Tissue culture Plant breeding

Answer To Score

14

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