# Hamburg incorrectly suggests that the famous three-circle Venn diagram, had been used by Euler.

However, it does not occur in either Euler’s original “Lettres a une Princess d’ Allemagne of 1768 or Hunter’s English translation of 1795. A reprint was posted at Dartmouth University, http://www.math.dartmouth.ed/`euler/ (E343 Plate 3 figure 27, is the same as figure 26) A modern definition of the Venn Diagram is the planar that has a set of “n” closed nonself-intersecting continuous planar curves, intersecting each other in isolated points, and such that the connected components of the complement (which are bounded by unions of arcs of these curves are 2n in number (Hamburger and Nolan). Then the region of the numbers can be assigned distinct binary codes i.e., 1, 2…., n. If a region is insid3 the curve I, then write 1 in the i (th) place its binary code, otherwise write 0 (Edwards and Hamburger). According to the text a Venn diagram consist of a rectangle that represents the universal set, together with inner circles each representing a specific subset of the universal set. Most applications of Venn diagrams, most important elements of the universal set that are not in one of the specified subsets., the diagrams also illustrate an idea of August De Morgan. The first step, is the elements must be properly placed with the diagram

Sanders, Thalia C. Week 10: 8/27-9/2/2007

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