POWER ELECTRONICS EXPERIMENTS ECE-P-672

THREE PHASE SWITCH-MODE INVERTER LAB REPORT SAI KUMAR SOMAYAJULA SID#11500412 DUE : 02/24/2009

• • • • Three-phase AC-source at 60 Hz. A full bridge diode rectifier with output filter Three-phase inverter bridge A PWM switching scheme to control the triggering of the switches through gate drive circuit. We will measure the dc voltage and current on the input side of the inverter and ac voltages and currents on the output side of the inverter. We will further analyze these waveforms to quantify performance indicators such as %THD and harmonics factor to justify use of PWM switching scheme.Abstract: The aim of this experiment to implement Three-phase switch mode inverter scheme. Basically. across which a three-phase load is connected. a three-phase switch mode inverter contains the following blocks. Procedure : The fig. The objective is to control the magnitude and frequency of inverter output voltage. below shows the wiring diagram of the circuit used to perform this experiment. 3-phase input ac voltage terminals . • The following sections have been identified in the above circuit.

The PWM program has been downloaded to DSP controller.15 -1.5 x 10 -4 Fig.1 0. 3-phase inverter bridge which consists of 3 dual pack IGBT modules The inverter ac output voltage terminals The gate drive circuitry and DSP control board which is located in the PC.5 1 1.2 0. 3-phase star connected lamp load. Fig.1 to view zero crossing This is acceptable to make sure that the IGBT’s does not get short-circuited during switching from one switch to the other on the same leg.2 by zooming into fig. Matlab simulink files are used to create an interface between the gate drive circuit and the DSP controller. We connect switch ‘a’ to channel 1 and switch ‘b’ to channel 2 and the data has been captured in to a CSV file.• • 3-phase diode bridge rectifier module DC output LC filter and the DC bus.5 0 0. These CSV files are plotted in Matlab and we obtain a deadband of 18. 2.5 -1 -0.1 -0.1 0. I obtained fig.6 μ-secs as shown in fig.05 -0.2 .15 0. Now we measure the deadband between each pair of PWM signals on the same inverter leg.05 0 -0.

005 Time 0 0.025 -0.6 17.015 0.005 0.425 ib_rms load [A] 0.01 -0.015 -0.4 id_avg [A] 0.429 ic_rms load [A] 511 va_rms load [V] 11.4 vd_avg [V] 29.• • Turn on ten lamps per phase on the load side o inverter and gradually increase the input voltage to the diode bridge rectifier through auto-transformer to obtain a DC output voltage of around 30 V.01 0.8 17.02 .125 va_rms input [V] 12. The following measurements have been obtained. vab_rms vbc_rms vca_rms load load load [V] [V] [V] 17.9 ia_rms load [A] 0.02 -0.9 • The following plots are generated using matlab from the captured CSV files Plots on the output side of Inverter : Va vs Time 30 data 3 20 10 v a 0 -10 -20 -30 -0.

895 4 X: 3060 Y: 3.082867 0.8622 1 X: 4260 Y: 0.252073 0.267692 0. H fn = Vn V1 Frequency 60 1380 1620 2940 3060 4260 4380 4620 4740 Hfn 1 0.694 3 X: 1380 Y: 1.44383 0.912 2 X: 4740 Y: 0.103592 .983 X: 1620 Y: 2.098 X: 4620 Y: 1.143218 0.228 X: 4380 Y: 2.Harmonic spectrum of Va 9 data 2 8 7 6 5 Vn X: 2940 Y: 3.238255 0.6897 0 0 2000 4000 6000 frequency 8000 10000 12000 From the above plot.46798 0. we can obtain the harmonics factor.

The switching frequency we used is 1. we are able to displace the harmonics to frequencies which are multiple of mf. RMS Va = 11.323. 2 V AN . V9 = 0.56 and V15 = 0. we can see that the weight of Va components around about switching frequency and its multiples fors a considerable percentage of the fundamental frequency and that’s why we obtained a high THD. Therefore we have an mf of 25. From Hfn. Lower order frequency spectrum of Va ( considered upto 15th harmonic) : 9 data 1 8 7 6 5 Vn 4 3 2 1 0 X: 443 Y: 0.3663 X: 560 Y: 0.2009 X: 60 Y: 8.55% .323 Where V1= 8.323 V. Also the advantage of PWM switching scheme is that the size of capacitor filter becomes smaller as the frequency components it needs to filter grow higher.56 2 + 0. RMS Observations : The THD we obtained is very high but we can see that due to PWM switching scheme.3683 2 + 0.5 Khz and the fundamental frequency is 60 Hz.122 % 8.5316 X: 880 Y: 0.The total harmonic distortion can be obtained using the following formula %THD = 100 ⋅ = 93. Now if we employ a capacitor filter across the output of the inverter to filter out higher order harmonics then we can reduce the distortion appreciably as we are going to show next. which is ratio of switching frequency to the fundamental frequency.3683 .2009 2 * 100 = 8. V7 = 0.2009 .323 0 100 200 300 400 500 frequency 600 700 800 900 %THD loh = 0. RMS − V A21.4V and from the frequency spectrum of Va we have fundamental V1= 8. where we have from measurements V A1.

01 -0. V n a b 10 0 -10 -20 -30 -0.02 -0.Plot of Ia vs Time: Observations : The current waveform is consistent with the theory.01 0.015 0.02 .005 0 Time 0.005 0.015 -0.025 -0. Plot of Van and Vbn: 40 30 20 V n.

008 -0.0079 Y: 30 -0.01 -0.For analysis purpose . average value of Vd is 29.005 0 Time 0.018 -0.02 Observation : As per theory. Plots on the input side of inverter : Vd vs Time 35 34 33 32 V d 31 30 29 28 27 -0. which is shown below 50 40 30 20 10 Van . the maximum value of Van-Vbn should equal to the Dc side voltage Vd. We can see from the above waveform that (Van-Vbn) max = 30 V.016 -0.024 -0.02 -0. .014 -0. I obtained plot of Van-Vbn.015 -0.02 -0.01 0.e.006 -0.01 -0.005 0.022 -0. i. therefore which is consistent.015 0.004 Time As evident from the plot.Vbn 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -0.012 -0. around 30 V approximately.025 X: -0.4v.

8 data 1 0.015 0.1 0 -0.015 -0.8 amps. The Id average we obtained is 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.025 -0.005 0.02 -0.005 Time 0 0.3 0. as it is on DC side.5 Id 0.01 0.02 Observations : We obtained Id values which were both positive and negative. . That’s why I obtained the above waveform by considering the absolute values of CSV file. its value should be positive.01 -0.Id Vs Time 0.125 due to the same reason but for above waveform as we can see its around 0.