Energy Drink An energy drink is a type of beverage which is purported to boost mental or physical energy.

There are a myriad of brands and varieties of energy drinks. They generally contain large amounts of caffeine and other stimulants. Many also contain sugar or other sweeteners, herbal extracts and amino acids and may or may not be carbonated. Coffee, tea and other naturally caffeinated beverages are usually not considered energy drinks. Soft drinks such as cola, may contain caffeine, but are also not energy drinks. Some alcoholic beverages, such as Four Loko, contain caffeine and other stimulants and are marketed as energy drinks. However, after pressure[1] in the United States, caffeinated alcoholic beverages are de facto banned. [edit] History Energy drinks were an active subset of the early soft drink industry, which was originally dominated by pharmacists. Coca-Cola, for instance, was originally marketed as an energy booster; its name was derived from its two active ingredients: cocaine and kola nuts (a source of caffeine), both known stimulants. (Cocaine was removed as a result of the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906.) In the UK, Lucozade Energy was originally introduced in 1929 as a hospital drink for "aiding the recovery;" in the early 1980s, it was promoted as an energy drink for "replenishing lost energy." One of the first energy drinks introduced in America was Dr. Enuf whose origins date back to 1949, when a Chicago businessman named William Mark Swartz was urged by coworkers to formulate a soft drink fortified with vitamins as an alternative to sugar sodas full of empty calories. He developed an "energy booster" drink containing B vitamins, caffeine and cane sugar. After placing a notice in a trade magazine seeking a bottler, he formed a partnership with Charles Gordon of Tri-Cities Beverage to produce and distribute the soda.[2] Dr. Enuf is still being manufactured in Johnson City, TN and sold sparsely throughout the nation. In Japan, the energy drink dates at least as far back as the early 1960s, with the release of the Lipovitan. However, most such products in Japan bear little resemblance to soft drinks, and are sold instead in small brown glass medicine bottles or cans styled to resemble such containers. These "eiyō dorinku" (literally, "nutritional drinks") are marketed primarily to salaryman. Bacchus-F, a South Korean drink closely modeled after Lipovitan, also appeared in the early 1960s, and targets a similar demographic. In 1985, Jolt Cola was introduced in the United States. Its marketing strategy centered on the drink's caffeine content, billing it as a means to promote wakefulness. The initial slogan was, "All the sugar and twice the caffeine."[3] In 1995, PepsiCo launched Josta, the first energy drink introduced by a major US beverage company (one [ ] that had interests outside just energy drinks), but Pepsi discontinued the product in 1999. citation needed Pepsi would later return to the energy drink market with the AMP brand.

Effect is the best selling German made energy drink. Since the invention of energy drinks, there are now various energy drinks from around the world. UK supermarkets have launched their own brands of energy drinks at lower prices than the major soft drink manufacturers. These are mostly produced by Canadian beverage maker Cott. Tesco supermarkets sell 'Kx"'(used to be known as 'Kick') in 250 mL cans and 1 L bottles, Sainsbury's sell 'Blue Bolt' in similar packaging, Asda sell 'Blue Charge' in similar packaging and Morrison's sell 'Source' in 250 mL cans. Cott [ ] sells a variety of other branded energy drinks to independent retailers in various containers. citation needed Since 2002 there has been a growing trend for packaging energy drink in bigger cans. Since in many countries, including the US and Canada, there is a limitation on the maximum caffeine per serving in energy drinks, this allows manufacturers to include a greater amount of caffeine by including multiple servings per container. Popular brands such as Red Bull, Hype Energy Drinks and Monster have increased the amount of ounces per can. Conversely, the emergence of energy shots has gone the opposite way with much smaller [ ] packaging. citation needed In 2007, energy drink powders and effervescent tablets were introduced, in the form of a tablet or powder that can be added to water to create an energy drink. These can offer a more portable option to cans and

and dyspepsia. taurine and glucuronolactone) was given to eleven tired participants being tested in a driving simulator. but consumption of two or more drinks in a single day can. Mixxd. Whereas most energy drinks are generally sold in cans or bottles. whereas a Monster Energy Drink contains 120 mg of caffeine. a glucose-based energy drink (containing caffeine. and ginkgo biloba. citation needed [ ] [ As of 2009. plus various forms of ginseng.[8] [edit] Energy shots Energy shots are a specialized kind of energy drink.[20][21] Other stimulants such as ginseng are often added to energy drinks and may enhance the effects of caffeine.[18][19] Monster Energy portfolio . as opposed to energy drinks that encourage users to drink an entire can (which may contain 250 calories or more)[9]. Energy shots can contain the same total amount of caffeine. A common ingredient in most energy drinks is caffeine (often in the form of guarana or yerba mate). Original. and many brands offer artificially sweetened 'diet' versions. M-80. Two studies reported significant improvements in mental and cognitive performances as well as increased subjective alertness. energy shots are usually sold in 50ml bottles. vitamins or other functional ingredients as their larger siblings.[13] It has been suggested that reversal of caffeine withdrawal is a major component of the effects of caffeine on mood and performance.[10] Excess consumption of energy drinks may induce mild to moderate euphoria primarily caused by stimulant properties of caffeine and may also induce agitation. irritability and insomnia. Lane drifting and reaction times were measured for two hours post-treatment and showed significant improvement.[7] Twelve ounces of Coca-Cola Classic contains 35 mg of caffeine. sleeplessness. guarana. and herbs. abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmia).left to right: Assault. Lo-Carb. carnitine. B vitamins. performance is decreased by up to 10%. increased urination. Absolutely Zero.[17] Two articles concluded that the improved information processing and other effects could not be explained in terms of the restoration of plasma caffeine levels to normal following caffeine withdrawal.[14] Restorative properties were shown by a combination of caffeine and the sugar glucose in an energy drink. Khaos. yerba mate. Energy drinks contain about three times the amount of caffeine as cola. citation ] needed [edit] Ingredients Energy drinks generally contain methylxanthines (including caffeine). Some contain high levels of sugar. creatine. and taurine. Consumption also has been known to cause pupil dilation when taken with certain antidepressants or SSRIs. Other commonly used ingredients are carbonated water. irritability.[15] and some degree of synergy between the cognition-modulating effects of glucose and caffeine was also suggested. and have a higher likelihood of an energy "crash-and-burn" effect.[16] In one experiment. If the body is dehydrated by 1%. Caffeine in energy drinks can excrete water from the body to dilute high concentrations of sugar entering the blood stream. açaí.[20][21] Most mainstream energy drinks do not provide electrolytes. Consumption of a single energy drink will not lead to excessive caffeine intake.shots. Caffeine is the stimulant that is found in coffee and tea. anxiety. A variety of physiological and psychological effects have been attributed to energy drinks and their ingredients. glucuronolactone. Adverse effects associated with caffeine consumption in amounts greater than 400 mg include nervousness. The marketing of energy shots generally focuses on their convenience and availability as a low-calorie "instant" energy drink that can be taken in one swallow (or "shot").[11][12] During repeated cycling tests in young healthy adults an energy drink significantly increased upper body muscle endurance. the industry has moved towards the use of natural stimulants and reduced sugar. leading to dehydration.[23] . inositol. maltodextrin. [edit] Effects Energy drinks are sometimes sold in resealable bottles.[22] and ingredients such as guarana themselves contain caffeine. and therefore they may be considered concentrated forms of energy drinks.

the mix can be particularly hazardous as energy drinks can mask the influence of alcohol and a person may misinterpret their actual level of intoxication. New Mexico Military Institute.[28] The French Scientific Committee (J.[26] Dr. after studying them. energy drinks can lessen some of the subjective effects of alcohol while making the drinker feel more stimulated and less fatigued.[31][38] In fact. In 2009. Packaged in 24 ounce cans.[44] The products will no longer be delivered to Oklahoma after December 3.[31] However. Mixing a depressant with a stimulant sends mixed signals to the nervous system and can cause cardiac problems such as heart arrhythmia. and are also more likely to suffer alcohol-related consequences such as injury or being an intoxicated driver. unlike drugs. Headteacher Malvina Sanders added that "This was a preventative measure.[24] The drinks may cause seizures due to the "crash" following the energy high that occurs after consumption. also in England which banned students from consuming drinks and sent letters to parents. Connecticut." The school has negotiated for their local branch of Tesco to display posters asking students not to ask for the products. an adolescent medicine specialist in Greenwich. In addition. This was featured on the regional news programme BBC South East Today. which has state controlled liquor retail outlets. 2010 caffeinated alcoholic energy drinks had been banned in Washington and Michigan in the United States. does not allow sales of energy drinks at the campus "Cadet Store" after an incident of a young Cadet drinking too [ ] many drinks in one period and having to be hospitalized.[30] [edit] Caffeinated alcoholic energy drinks Energy drinks such as Red Bull are often used as mixers with alcoholic beverages producing mixed drinks such as Vodka Red Bull which are similar to but stronger than rum and coke with respect to the amount of caffeine that they contain. England requested that local shops do not sell energy drinks to students.[28] In the Philippines. never permitted the sale of caffeinated alcoholic energy drinks.[39] Researchers at the Human Performance Laboratory have suggested people refrain from mixing such powerful stimulants with alcohol. Ross Cooney. a product of Phusion Projects.D. they believe it might cause cardiopulmonary or cardiovascular failures. energy drinks have been linked with reports of nausea.[34] Four Loko. people who drink mixers are more likely than non-mixers to drink more alcohol. This ban was challenged in the European Court of Justice in 2004. but some advocates are urging the FDA to change this practice. who died within hours after playing a basketball game and consuming four cans of it. a school in Hove. The United Kingdom investigated the drink. to prohibit sale of energy drinks to persons under the age of 18.[28] Norway also banned Red Bull for a while. Marcie Schneider. another large majority do so to hide the taste of alcohol.[41][42] The bans followed a widely publicized incident which resulted in hospitalization in the Fall of 2010 of college students who had consumed several cans of Four Loko caffeinated alcoholic beverage. a military high school and junior college located in Roswell.[36][37] Consequently.[35] Through separate mechanisms. "These drinks have no benefit.[32][33] Fruit flavored caffeinated energy drinks in flavors such as watermelon.[25] Caffeine dosage is not required to be on the product label for food in the United States. as all research shows that consuming high-energy drinks can have a detrimental impact on the ability of young people to concentrate in class. New Mexico.[29] Similar measures were taken by a school in Oxted. energy drinks act as stimulants. Red Bull was also banned because of the suspected effects of infertility for men.In the US. even after adjusting for the number of drinks. was originally promoted through young employees who were hired to introduce the product to their peer group. lemonade and cranberry-lemonade are cheap with a fruity taste. has said. 2010[45] and delivery to retailers has been suspended . citation needed On June 7th. the parliament of Latvia approved changes in the legislation of sale of consumable goods.[40] As of November 10. but only issued a warning against its use by children and pregnant women. Birkel) concluded that Red Bull had an excessive amount of caffeine.[43] Utah.[31] They are also sold in a wide variety of formulations such as Four Loko and Joose which combine caffeine and alcohol. and alcohol as depressants."[27] [edit] Attempts to ban The popular energy drink Red Bull was banned in France after the death of an 18-year-old Irish athlete. 2012. no place in the diet of kids. they may be unable to counteract some of the psychomotor impairments of alcohol intoxication. although the ban has recently been revoked. abnormal heart rhythms and emergency room visits. they are wildly popular with young people. Although people decide to drink energy drinks with alcohol with the intent of counteracting alcohol intoxication.

vitamins and minerals may interact. Mary Jane's Relaxing Soda. citation needed Water or lower-octane sports drinks which contain electrolytes. Warning letters were issued to each of the four companies requiring them to provide to the FDA in writing within 15 days of the specific steps the firms will be taking. Charge Beverages Corp. iChill. others haven’t and are using manly . other herbs. the FDA states "there is evidence that the combinations of caffeine and alcohol in these products pose a public health concern.[54] A study published in May 2012 stated that citric acid in energy drinks can be as harmful to teeth as sugar.Calm.B. after 11 state attorneys general charged the brewer was marketing them to underage drinkers. New York. possibly leading to vomiting. blood pressure and even mental states. that the caffeine added to their malt alcoholic beverages is an "unsafe food additive" and said that further action. or "relaxation" drinks. may occur under federal law. causing some people to continue drinking after they normally would have stopped.. "chill out". all have caused enamel loss. with sales doubling from 2008 to 2010. the US Food and Drug Administration warned four companies. the University of Texas Medical School at Houston reported that energy drinks contain [ ] more caffeine than a strong cup of coffee citation needed . Anheuser-Busch agreed to take caffeine out of energy drinks that contain alcohol. Slow Cow. Here is a list of the most common ingredients and their believed effects on the body. and expected to more than double again by 2014.[50] [edit] Hidden risk In November 2010. and Jones Gaba. Phusion Projects. (meaning "vacation in a bottle"). Chill. including seizure of their products. Marley's Mellow Mood. New Century Brewing Co.i." They also state that concerns have been raised that caffeine can mask some of the sensory cues individuals might normally rely on to determine their level of intoxication.[49] They contain ingredients such as theanine and melatonin. has become a common question among consumers. Energy drinks consumed with alcohol may affect heart rates. and that the caffeine combined with other ingredients (sometimes not reported correctly on labels) such as guarana. of which 30 to 50 percent of whom are estimated to consume energy drinks.[35] [edit] Anti-energy drinks Several beverages have been marketed in the 2000s as "anti-energy". This action was also followed by MillerCoors in the same year..[55] Energy Drink Ingredients Its seems energy drink companies are cramming more and more ingredients into their products. including Lava Cola. They are worried about teens. V. Drank. and other health problems in the long term. will lose enamel from their teeth. but energy drinks took off much more enamel from teeth than sport drinks. and United Brands Company Inc.[53] In 2008. There are no regulations to declare the precise amount of citric acid and the American Beverage Association says drinks can't be blamed for damage to teeth. The caffeine content of energy drinks range from 80–300 mg per 16-oz [ ] serving whereas a 16-oz cup of coffee can contain 70–200 mg. some minerals and carbohydrate are better choice to reduce the possibility of dehydration and increase in blood pressure.[52] Both caffeine and alcohol are diuretics. “What do all these ingredients supposedly do to/for my body?”. Manufacturers have argued that drinking a caffeinated alcoholic energy drink is indistinguishable from drinking a couple of glasses of wine followed by a couple of cups of coffee.[47][48] They are growing in popularity. Malava Kava.[51] Health experts say caffeine prevents sleepiness and delays the feeling of drunkenness normally experienced when drinking alcohol.[46] In a press release.[35] On November 17. Of the 9 energy drinks and 13 sport drinks tested. so mixing energy drinks with alcohol can cause severe dehydration. While ingredients such as caffeine have been widely studied. amino acid taurine. 2010.

and Mountain Dew but usually is found in much higher quantities in energy drinks. We also have a huge caffeine content database that reveals the amounts found in most beverages and food in the marketplace. They’re found in coffees and teas and are known stimulants. An 8oz cup of coffee contains 110-150mg for drip. some studies show it helps with excitable brain states. Taurine Taurine is an amino acid that your body naturally produces. It can raise heart rate and blood pressure while dehydrating the body. Common names for B vitamins are niacin. Some report that guarana works better. Vitamins B6 and B12 don’t absorb well when taken orally. and pyridoxine hydrochloride. Search the interweb for info on proper dosing of the different vitamins. B Vitamins These are essentially the things that help you convert food to energy. maybe it helps level us out so we function better with elevated levels of other stimulants. nausea. While this isn’t exactly what we want. or injury. that under “stress conditions” like illness. heart palpitations. Amazonians have used it for a long time to increase alertness and energy. Ginseng Ginseng. Guarana Guarana comes from plants native to South America. 65-125mg for percolated. A full can of RockStar has 160mg. is known to increase energy. so the amounts placed in most energy drinks will likely have little to no effect. Caffeine The most common stimulant. and 40-80 mg for instant. Most energy drinks contain between 70 and 200mg. and most commonly the jitters. and energy levels. found also in coffee. muscle contractions. Coke. The jury’s still out on whether or not they increase energy levels via supplementation. . cyanocobalamin. For other questions about caffeine visit Caffiene FAQ a great resource for scientific caffeine information. It’s not just called “caffeine” because it contains a couple other things: theobromine and theophylline. Usually your body makes enough that you don’t need to supplement. Taurine in the past was banned by some countries from being used as a supplement. riboflavin. has some anti-fatigue components. It’s thought. It’s not. Taurine might be a “mild inhibitory neurotransmitter”. Some people do respond differently to the version of caffeine in guarana compared with regular caffeine. Dr. while others believe it doesn’t have as good of a stimulating effect. but not proven. Caffeine is the most widely used drug on the planet and has been used for centuries for it’s stimulating effects. an adaptogenic herb. which include sleeplessness. A lot of people experience side effects above 200mg.anecdotal evidence as justification of their use. Pepper gives you 41mg and a can of Coke provides 34mg. as if it’s something different. the body does not create enough and supplements can help. headaches. It’s more dense in caffeine than coffee beans (3-4% vs 1-2%). physical exertion. like sugar which is found in abundance in energy drinks. It helps regulate heartbeat. but since this ban has been lifted. Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system giving the body a sense of alertness. Marketing will sometimes call this one guaranine.

concentration. It’s a carbohydrate and a lot of exercise regiments suggest a good dose of carbs for workouts lasting more than an hour. The German government recognizes it as something that helps with memory loss. With a name like that. so having this in your drink certainly won’t hurt. this stuff helps up your metabolism and energy levels. however. L-Carnitine An amino acid usually created by your liver and kidneys.supposedly relieves stress. . vomiting. You wouldn’t want to depend on energy drinks for all of your vitamins as they usually contain small amounts. That’s why you get hyper with a lot of sugar. All connective tissue contains this compound. Energy drinks contain a ton of sugar. it may act as a thermogenic and help increase weight loss and endurance during exercise. diarrhea. Vitamin C is an anti-oxidant. People on anti-depressants shouldn’t take ginkgo and some of the other side effects include blood thinning. Rare side effects such as diarrhea and headache have been reported. The jury’s still out on whether or not you need to supplement unless you have an unusual diet. vomiting. but you can take 2-6 grams without worry. It is advised. Ginseng is nothing that’s naturally created by your body. concentration. and even shows signs of helping people with Alzheimer’s. Ginkgo Biloba This ingredient is named after the rare tree it originates from. Because of the way it interacts with your body. and the biosynthesis of vitamin C. but you can safely take up to 2700mg. DGL is believed to aide in detoxification. and selenium are all anti-oxidants. so claiming that your energy drink has a lot of anti-oxidants is like saying you’re buying really expensive orange juice. 60mg is a standard supplementation dose. Glucuronolactone Glucuronolactone (DGL) occurs naturally in the human body as glucose is broken down by the liver. and restlessness. beta-carotene). Rare side effects include include nausea. Vitamins C and E. it can’t possibly be bad. 200mg/day seems to be the standard dose. It is placed in energy drinks because it is believed to help with glycogen depletion by preventing other substances from depleting glycogen supplies in the muscles. One Rockstar energy drink can have 63 grams of sugar which is the same amount in two regular size Snickers candy bars! See the sugar in energy drinks database for a sortable table of beverage sugar content. Right now it’s suspected that ginseng helps stimulate the hypothalamic and pituitary glands. that most energy drinks do not contain enough ginkgo to be of any benefit. and increase memory. dizziness. the energy drinks that contain Ginseng have small amounts of this herb included. which is the type your body creates and can use. energy. Antioxidants Anti-oxidants are things that help your body gracefully recover from the damage of free radicals. Sugars Glucose is the body’s preferred fuel. Make sure you get L-Carnitine. which then secrete something called adrenal corticotropic hormone. abdominal pain. DCarnitine is “inactive” and may actually hurt endurance levels. too much sugar intake has been linked to diabetes and can spike insulin levels which can often lead to a “crash” feeling after about an hour or so. circulation. and depression. However. heart palpitations. they help fend off illness and prevent cellular damage. but you can easily take 240mg. headaches. and diarrhea. It is believed to help with memory retention. But they’re good. Vitamin A (aka retinol. nausea. Therefore. Usually. acts as an anti-depressant. freeing hormones and other chemicals.

especially the ones that are marketed as “all natural”.com. Gatorade Tiger Focus. Tea has been known for centuries for it’s ability to relax its drinkers and many tea cultures (not the USA). but some believe that the form of caffeine in Yerba Mate’ doesn’t produce the negative side affects like the caffeine in coffee and guarana. Sobe Lifewater. What is this strange chemical and what does it do or should we say. Most of the acai berry benefits have no scientific basis and are attributed to marketing hype.Yerba Mate This substance is derived from leaves of a shrub in the Holly family. Vib. They claim that it works well with caffeine because it eases the jitteriness that caffeine can cause with added concentration. Green tea has the highest concentrations. supposedly do? L-theanine is an amino acid that according to recent studies has shown to calm the brain to enhance concentration. This amino acid comes simply from tea leaves. studies show that the amount put in energy drinks would be of hardly any benefit to consumers. Over the last couple of years Yerba Mate has been becoming pretty popular in energy drinks. have a tea before bed every night. Inositol Inositol was once considered a B vitamin. and Reed’s Natural Energy Elixir. Creatine Creatine is naturally obtained by eating meat. Acai berry comes from the Acai Palm tree which is found in South America. It is a natural source of caffeine. Some of the drinks that have been touting this new ingredient are. Energy Drinks include this . and now have begun putting it into energy drinks. L-theanine L-theanine seems to be the new ingredient showing up many new drinks. but not as much as a concord grape or a blueberry. The amount of acai in energy drinks is actually very little and real acai berry juice no doubt tastes nothing like “acai flavored” beverages as usually other fruit juices and flavors are added. Creatine helps with supplying energy to the muscles and is usually found in energy drinks and products that are marketed to body builders. It is a type of carbohydrate made from the glucose. but milk thistle supplement can be purchased from places like http://www. Manufacturers have just isolated this chemical.hollandandbarrett. Vitamin Water. Acai Berry This ingredient (pronounced ah-sah-ee) is finding its way into more and more energy drinks. The berries are rich in anti-oxidants. However. It is placed in energy drinks not really for any energy enhancing properties but as a counter agent to mixing energy drinks with alcohol as milk thistle is supposed to help with hangovers and detoxing the liver from alcohol. but has since been removed from this classification because the human body is able to produce it’s own supply without the need for supplementation through the diet. Milk Thistle This ingredient mainly found in Rockstar and a few other drinks is used as a liver detoxifying agent. concentrated it.

William Lewander. 2012 . on average. All this + more at only 35 calories! Let Your Beauty Glow! Go Girl Pomegranate Star Fruit's ingredients promote healthy skin. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine. The debate rages on concerning the safety of artificial sweeteners and some studies have shown that those that consume them. “Energy Drinks: The New Eye-Opener For Adolescents”.a dietary supplement that benefits that heart and mind. MD. heart. 2007 Kavita M. Go Girl Pomegranate Star Fruit is: Lightly carbonated Best when served chilled Good for your skin & bones All Natural Contained in a cute teal can Proudly displays the teal ribbon supporting ovarian cancer research and awareness http://en.energyfiend. body & mind. High doses of inositol has also been given to patients with certain psychiatric conditions because of it’s positive effect on the nervous system.wikipedia. July 19. It has less caffeine than Go Girl Sugar Free. Even energy drinks that contain high amounts of sugar will include artificial sweeteners to help cover the medicinal taste of the other energy drink ingredients. Go Girl Pomegranate Star Fruit is an all natural energy drink. Sucralose. Inositol is found in many foods such as fruits. beans. as well as at times some alcohol sugars. This Go Girl features a refreshing pomegranate and star fruit mix with Aloe Vera and Vitamin E to boot! Who said that an energy drink couldn’t help with your complexion? Pomegranate Star Fruit also has calcium.gogirlenergy. MD. Artificial Sweeteners Many energy drinks contain artificial sweeteners. but still has more than your every day soda. Here are more facts about artificial sweeteners and we have popular sugar free energy drinks listed as well. Babu. Richard James Church. There are no known side effects from ingesting too much and Inositol is considered safe. 2012 http://www. and nuts. have bigger waistlines than those that don’t. Super Citrimax®.com/. Common sweeteners used are This naturally flavored energy drink provides an uplifting yet relaxing 2008 http://www.ingredient because it aides with the nervous system and serotonin modulation. and CoQ10 . Ace-K. grains. MD.