Main difference between ASCE7-05 and ASCE7-10 code for wind loads.

In this memo it will be high lightened the main differences between the ASCE7-05 and the ASCE7-10 code for what concerns the wind loads since for Al Mansurya plant the earthquake is calculated in accordance to the UBC97 code. In the ASCE7-05 code the wind load are shown in the section 6 while in the ASCE7-10 code the wind load is presented in six sections (from 26 to 31) due to a reorganization works by ASCE Committee on the matter. The wind design in ASCE7-10 has some major difference if compared with ASCE7-05. For what concerns the calculation of the wind loads, the main changes, relevant to the scope of this memo, can be summarized as in the follow: 1. new wind speed maps according to risk category, 2. according to the point 1, no more use of the importance factor I (already included in the new wind map by means of the risk category), 3. new load factor in the load combination for the wind load both for ASD or ULS verification. To have an order of magnitude of the difference in the use of ASCE7-05 or ASCE7-10, in the following is given an example taken out considering the wind speed map for the U.S. (available on the code) in a sample region. It will be evaluated the total shear due to the wind load acting at the base of a structure having an height of 30.5 m and an unitary width (1 meter). ASCE7-05 velocity pressure ASCE7-10 velocity pressure qASCE7-05 = 0.613 Kz Kzt Kd V2 I qASCE7-10 = 0.613 Kz Kzt Kd V2

Comparison between the parameters in the previous formula: ASCE7-05 ASCE7-10 From table 6.3 – Exposure C From table 27.3-1 - Exposure C Kz Velocity pressure exposure coefficient 1 1 Kzt Topographic factor 0.95 (chimneys) 0.95 (chimneys) Kd Wind directionality factor Basic wind speed for the choose U.S. region 40 m/s 54 m/s (map for Risk Category III) V Importance factor 1.15 Not Applicable I Note: the table 6.3 of ASCE7-05 and table 27.3-1 of ASCE7-10 are equal so the Kz factor is the same for the two codes Risk Category III is for plant designated as not essential facility (table 1.5-1 of ASCE7-10 code) I = 1.15 structure in category III according to table 6.1 of ASCE7-05 code. According to the previous formulas and parameters in the following figure it is shown the wind pressure for both codes on the considered structure.
35.0

30.0

25.0

Height [m]

20.0 ASCE7-05 ASCE7-10 15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0 0.65

0.85

1.05

1.25

1.45

1.65

1.85

2.05

2.25

Wind pressure [kN/m2]

Comparison for the wind pressure between ASCE7-05 and ASCE7-10 code The total shear force at the base of the structure is: ASCE7-05 code ASCE7-10 code VASCE7-05 = 37.25 kN VASCE7-10 = 59.04 kN

6 VULSASCE7-05 = 1.01 ULS VASCE7−10 59.04 = 35. according to the calculation hypothesis.1 – ASCE7-10) If the comparison from the two codes is done modifying the Importance factor in ASCE7-05 to I = 1.0 VULSASCE7-05 = 1.25 = 1.25 kN ASCE7-10 Load factor 0.04 (sect.0 x 59. from the analysis of the previous ratio factor (for the two cases) it can be seen that.66 V ASD ASCE 7 −10 φULS = ULS VASCE7−05 V ULS ASCE 7 −10 = So.0 x 37. 2.02 31.0 VASDASCE7-05 = 1.42 Ultimate limit state ULS ASCE7-05 Load factor 1.00 (building category II) and consequently using the wind speed map of ASCE7-10 for Risk category II.In the end in the following table is shown the difference between the two codes taking into account the relevant load factor for the wind load to have the design shear (for the two design approach ASD and ULS): Allowable stress design ASD ASCE7-05 Load factor 1.6 x 37.25 = 59.40 = 1.40 kN VASCE7-10 = 52. the shear load at the base of a structure is near the same by applying the two codes.25 = 37.4.42 kN ASD V 37.2 – ASCE7-05) (sect. 2.66 kN = 32.4.1 – ASCE7-10) (sect. 2.6 VASDASCE7-05 = 0.3.6 x 59.60 φULS = ASCE7−05 = = 1.98 52. the previous ratio factor are: ASCE7-05 code ASCE7-10 code φ ASD = ASD VASCE7−05 VASCE7-05 = 32. .4.05 φ ASD = ASCE7−05 = ASD VASCE7−10 35.1 – ASCE7-05) (sect.04 = 59. 2.04 kN V ULS 59.60 kN ASCE7-10 Load factor 1.83 = 0.60 51.