Types of Leucocytes (White Blood Cells



Monocytes: Approx. 4% of leucocytes are monoocytes. These are also known as phagocytes. They combat microbes by the process of phagocytosis.

*Basophils: 0.5-1% of leucocytes are basophils. Diameter 8-10 micrometres. Liberate heparin, histamine, and seratonin in allergic reactions, intensifying inflammatory response.

*Neutrophils: 60-70% of leucocytes are neutrophils. Diameter 10-12 micro-metres.

*Eosinophils: 2-4% of leucocytes are eosinophils. Diameter 10-12 micrometres.

Approx. 24% of leucocytes are lymphocytes. These produce anti-bodies and include: * T-Cells * B-Cells * Natural Killer Cells

Combat the effects of Phagocytosis. histamine in allergic Destruction of reactions; bacteria with Phagocytize antigenlysozyme and strong antibody complexes; oxidants. Destroy some parasitic worms.

Monocytes also clear up cellular debris after an infection. . Eosinophils: An increased (higher than usual) percentage of eosinophils in the blood may indicate parasitic infection somewhere in the body. B Cells (lymphocytes) are activated by other lymphoid tissue. Basophils: An increased (higher than usual) percentage of basophils in the blood may indicate an inflammatory condition somewhere in the body. They act by carrying out the process of phagocytosis (see opposite). that destroy certain bacteria.but they eventually arrive in much larger numbers. Both T-cells and B-cells: (1) destroy antigens. The 'B' indicates 'bone marrow' cells. and also be releasing enzymes . T Cells (lymphocytes) are activated by the thymus gland. and (2) produce 'memory cells' and anti-bodies.Lymphocytes: The term "antigen" refers to something that is not naturally present and 'should not be in the body'.Monocytes that migrate into infected tissues develop into cells called wandering macrophages that can phagocytize many more microbes than neutrophils are able to. . Monocytes take longer to reach the site of infection than neutrophils .such as lysozyme. Neutrophils & Monocytes: Neutrophils are the first leucocytes to respond to bacterial invasion of the body.

Phagocytosis is the engulfment and digestion of bacteria and other anigens by phagocytes.which play a major role in the body's defence system. Phagocytes include many leucocytes (white blood cells) and macrophages . cell debris. and other small particles. This is illustrated below. cells. . protozoa.Further notes about the types of leucocytes identified above: Phagocytosis: A phagocyte is a cell able to engulf and digest bacteria.