AIRFRAME STRUCTURAL DESIGN (ASD

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UNIT-I INTRODUCTION Structural design and sizing- stages- preliminary, detail- significance- scope of the course- preliminary. Principal structural components of aircraft. Design requirements- structural integrity, stiffness, service life. Constraintsbaseline aerodynamic configuration, external loading, weight, operating conditions, conformity to government regulations. Other considerations- design for durability, damage tolerance, stretching, extension of life; for manufacturing, assembly, maintenance, repair. Design procedure- structural lay out, structural modelling, design criteria, load estimation, stress analysis, choice of materials, sizing- estimation of strength, stiffness, mass. Optimisation, trade-off. Structural index- use in design.

UNIT- II

BASIC DATA FOR STRUCTURAL DESIGN- EXTERNAL LOADS- ESTIMATION- MATERIAL PROPERTIES- AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS Airworthiness requirements - loads, safety margins, material properties, methods of estimation- construction, operation, maintenance, training- procedures. Critical load conditions. Limit and ultimate loads- definition, significance. Aircraft materials- mechanical properties- design data- allowable, allowable bases. Failure theory. Flight loads- atmospheric, maneuver- construction of flight envelope. Wing loads- air load span wise distribution, effect of fuselage, engine nacelle, wing stores, control surfaces, landing, taxi, dynamic gust loads, wing weight distribution. Empennage loads- gust, maneuver, control surface. Fuselage loadsdistribution of weight, fore body loads, after body loads, internal pressure, propulsion loads. Landing gear loads- landing conditions, ground handling loads, retraction loads. Miscellaneous loads. Airplane weight data, stiffness data. UNIT- III REVIEW OF MODELING OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS, JOINTS AND LOADINGDETERMINATION OF LOADS, STRESSES, DEFORMATIONS, ULTIMATE STRENGTH, SIZING Idealisation of structures, materials- constitutive relations- equilibrium, compatibility conditions- significance. Estimation of axial, bending, shear and torsion loads of determinate and indeterminate structures- 2D and 3D trusses, beams, frames, shafts, plates, shells. Determination of stiffness, deflections- influence coefficients. Stress analysis, determination of principal stresses- estimation, significance, limitations. Failure theory. Buckling strength of columns. Thin walled sections- shear and compression panels, buckling, post buckling behaviour, ultimate strength. Sizing of structural elements of given geometry and loading. Analysis of box beams- single cell, multi cell- in bending, shear, torsion- normal stresses, shear flow, deformation- restraint against warping, secondary stresses. Effect of cut-outs UNIT- IV FASTENERS AND STRUCTURAL JOINTS Fasteners and fittings- role, significance, general design considerations, criteria for allowable strength. Margins of safety. Fastener systems, types, fastener information, dimensions, material, allowable strength- tensile, shear, bending, bearing, Rivets, bolts and screws, nuts- detail design considerations. Fastener selection. Fittings- lugs, bushings and bearingsloading, design and analysis. Joints- spliced, eccentric, gusset, welded, brazed, bonded- types, methods of joining, failure modes. Fatigue design considerations. Stress concentration- causes, methods of reduction. Fastener load distribution and by-pass load- severity factor, structural joint life prediction. Shim control and requirement. UNIT- V DESIGN OF WING, TAIL UNIT STRUCTURES The wing- role- summary of wing loads, structural components- wing box, leading and trailing edges. Wing layoutlocation of spars, ailerons and flaps, rib spacing and direction, root rib bulkhead, span wise stiffeners, wing covers- skinstringer panels, integrally stiffened panels, access holes, attachment of leading edge and trailing edge panels. Sparsgeneral rules of spar design. Ribs and bulkheads- rib spacing and arrangement. Wing root joints, carry through structure. Fighter wing design- problems with swept wings Wing box, root rib bulkhead- estimation of loads, stress analysis, design parameters, optimisation, sizing, margins of safety. Leading and trailing edge assembly- control surfaces, flaps- structure, mechanical design- design considerations. Tail unit- horizontal, vertical tail, elevator, rudder- configurations, structural lay out, design considerations. UNIT- VI DESIGN OF FUSELAGE Function of fuselage- loading, general requirements. Ultimate strength of stiffened cylindrical structure- review, Principal structural components- skin and stringers, frame and floor beam, pressure bulkhead, wing and fuselage intersection- lay out, loading, stress analysis, sizing. Forward fuselage, aft fuselage structures, fuselage openings- windows, doorsdesign considerations. UNIT- VII DESIGN OF LANDING GEAR, ENGINE MOUNTS Landing gear- purpose, types, general arrangement, loads- design considerations- ground handling, take-off, landing, braking, pavement loading, support structure. stowage and retraction, gear lock- kinematic design. Shock absorbersfunction, types, components, operation, loads, materials, design. Wheels and brakes, tire selection Engine mounts- types- wing pod, rear fuselage, tail, fuselage mount, loads, design considerations.

Raymer. Hongkong Conmlit Press. 1993.fail-safe.. REFERENCES 1. Service behaviour of aircraft structures. 1965. 2. J. Aircraft Structures. AIAA Education Series.. Megson. DAMAGE TOLERANCE. 1997. Bruhn. fatigue performance. 2005.G. N.. 1999.significance Fail-safe design. D.. Introduction to Aircraft Design. ISBN: 962-7128-08-2.C. Tri -state Offset Company.VIII FATIGUE LIFE. Airframe Structural Design. 2007. T.modes of failure.fatigue stress.design criteria.examples. Fatigue design philosophy. Hongkong Conmlit Press. Analysis and Design of Flight Vehicles Structures. ISBN: 1-56347281-0. E. 3 edn.the scatter factor. D. rd 3.P.C.effect of physical and load environment design and of detail of fabrication Structural life... Niu. Peery. 3. ISBN: 962-7128-09-0. 4. Airframe Stress Analysis and Sizing. Niu. . M. second edition. Aircraft Design: A Conceptual Approach.the concept. 2. Mc Graw-Hill. second edition. second edition.methods of estimation. Cambridge University Press.. and Azar. safe life. FAIL-SAFE DESIGN.UNIT. M.P.J.J.WEIGHT CONTROL AND BALANCE Catastrophic effects of fatigue failure. J. ISBN: 0-521-657222-9.Y.H. fatigue life.estimation of fatigue strength TEXT BOOKS 1. Butterworth-Heinemann/ Elsevier.. USA. 1988. damage tolerance. AIAA. requirements..H. Fielding. Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students.

Singh. transverse and torsional vibration of cylindrical shafts. J. 3. 5.H. New York.MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS (MVSD) UNIT I INTRODUCTION. Mechanical Vibrations.G. McGraw-Hill Book Company. Degrees of freedom. UNIT VII MATRIX METHODS Matrices for dynamic analysis. Dynamical equations of equilibria of general elastic bodies. Principal coordinates. Aeroelatic instabilities and their prevention. An Introduction to Theory of Aeroelasticity. Scanlon. Oxford OX2 8DP. 1982 . [C] and [L] matrices. Examples. Vibrations and Waves MIT series 1987. UNIT II VIBRATION OF DISCRETE SYSTEMS Two / Three degree of freedom systems. Groover. R. Aero elastic tailoring. Dynamics of Structures. Static and dynamic coupling. UNIT IV DETERMINATION OF NATURAL FREQUENCIES AND MODE SHAPES Natural vibrations of solid continua. Forced vibrations. UNIT VI APPROXIMATE METHODS OF VIBRATION ANALYSIS Introduction to approximate methods for frequency analysis. Mechanical Vibrations.inertial force. Introduction to the Study of Aircraft Vibration & Flutter John Wiley and Sons. Harris & Creed. Wing divergence. Resonance. R. Dynamic dampers. Wiley Eastern Ltd.. 8. Rayleigh Ritz method for vibration analysis. Longintudinal. Extension to multiple degrees of freedom systems.S and Gupta .W. Vibration measuring instruments. damping elements. REFERENCES 1. Collar’s triangle. damped natural frequency. Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students Butterworth-Heinemann is an imprint of Elsevierl. Rao. Vibration Problems in Engineering. Spring. V.examples of single degree of freedom mechanical vibrations.C. Undamped natural frequency. 4.P.. Dhanapati Rai and Co. terminology. NewYork.1984 3.extension to tapered shafts. Pearson Education LPE-2004. Fung. Shock and Vibrations.H.K. Theory and practice of Mechanical Vibrations. Rao. Mechanical Vibrations. Normalization and formulation of modal equations. Equivalent viscous damping.. 2003 edition. flutter speed. [M]. Amplitude and Phase response diagrams. UNIT VIII INTRODUCTION TO AEROELASTIC STABILITY Aeroelastic and inertial coupling. 2. Dynamic balancing of rotating machinery. 2002. T. equation of motion.. UNIT V ROTATING SHAFTS Natural frequency of rotating shafts. Static and dynamic aero elastic phenomena. G. damping ratio.2007 2.. TEXT BOOKS 1.SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS Simple harmonic motion.. & Rosenbaum. R. Whirling of shafts.. Kinematically consistent load systems and determination of [K]. S. Examples. New York. Singiresu S. inertia. Free vibrations and forced vibrations. S. UK. New Delhi. Clough and Penzien. Megson.. TMH 2004 edition. D'Alembert's principle..K. CBS Publishers and Distributors 9. UNIT III VIBRATION OF CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS Introduction to Hamilton’s Principle. Nemchand and Brothers 2001 edition.. third edition. 7. Vibration absorbers. mass and damping matrices using orthogonality conditions. Timoshenko. John Wiley and Sons. Grahamkelly. Mechanical Vibrations. Y. control reversal and wing flutter.1987. principal modesorthogonality conditions. John Wiley & Sons. Diagonalization of stiffness. Mechanisms of damping. Methods of determining natural frequencies and mode shapes. 6.

Computer Numerical Control Concepts and Programming. and solid modelling. 5. Memory types. mathematics of projections. editing. Amirouche.. geometric construction models. hard copy devices. Pearson Education. NC elements. layers. Product cycle. Seames. NC modes. Machine tools and related equipment. & Groover. curve representation methods. surface representation methods. CAD / CAM Theory and Practice. REFERENCES 1. 4. geometric models. CNC Part Programming. computer control systems. Tata McGraw-Hill. Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing. Retrieval type and Generative type.. human labour in the manufacturing systems. Groover. CAD/ CAM. CAD / CAM Hardware. Lalit Narayan . production flow analysis. CIMS benefits. noncontact inspection methods-optical. P. 2. CPU. structure of CNC machine tools. dimensioning. features of Machining centre. W. integration of CAQC with CAD/CAM. P. 3. Automation . clipping. PHI 6. database structure for graphics modelling. coding and classification. and storage devices UNIT – II COMPUTER GRAPHICS Raster scan graphics coordinate system.et al. NC machine tools. material handling systems. CAD/ CAM: Concepts and Applications. TEXT BOOKS 1. UNIT – VII COMPUTER AIDED QUALITY CONTROL Terminology in quality control. Principles of Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing. Basic structure. modelling facilities desired. Computer Aided Part Programming. UNIT – VI GROUP TECH Part family. CAD / CAM / CIM.. UNIT – III GEOMETRIC MODELLING Requirements. UNIT – VIII COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS Types of Manufacturing systems. UNIT – V NUMERICAL CONTROL NC. input devices. Zimmers. Prentice. Computer Aided Processes Planning. Production Systems & Computer Integrated Manufacturing. New Age. transformation of geometry. display devices. display control commands. . Radhakrishnan and Subramanian. A.S.. Pearson. hidden surface removal. computer aided testing. UNIT – IV DRAFTING AND MODELLING SYSTEMS Basic geometric commands. F.Hall India 2. manual part programming methods. the computer in QC. Prentice-Hall India. Alavala. noncontact inspection methods-non optical.. Thomson.CAD / CAM UNIT – I INTRODUCTION Computers in Industrial Manufacturing. advantages and limitations. contact inspection methods.fundamentals. Zeid. turning centre. Ibrahim. 3D transformations.

robustness. filters.transient and steady state.control input.speed of response.feedback as inherent element in nature. System identification from input output measurements. Frequency domain description. robust control system. control augmentation. Control system performance. Synthesis of response to arbtrary input functions from impulse and indicial response. noise and system parameters. steady state error. actuators. frequency and damping ratio of dominant poles.examples. Non linear control. Specifications in frequency domain.specification. stability. stability.principal constituents.desired input-output relation. Examples of first and second order systems. polar (Nyquist) plots. Proportional. merits. integral. 's' (Laplace) domain description of input-output relations. Control in every day life. implementation. System synthesis. First and second order systems. Adaptive control.need for compensation.gain and phase shift. Review of Fourier transforms and Laplace transforms.significance. Effect of feedback on input output relation. error constants.output response to control inputs-. Single-input-single-output systems.open loop control.need for compromisescope for optimisation.relation to system parameters. Review of linearisation of nonlinear systems. societal systems. peak gain.extension to higher order systems.significance. matrix transfer functions.importance. Application of feed back in stability augmentation. engineering and societal systems. bandwidth.the problem with derivative control .significance. notch filters/ networks. System type.gain scheduling. Function of control as regulation (hold).II FEEDBACK CONTROL The concept of feedback. transfer functions. lag. feedback gain. passive.examples.active.significance.significance. higher order systems.relative merits. automatic control. Inputs.examples. constraints. Need for approximations.I CONTROL SYSTEMS. Composition.block diagram representation.the problem of analysis.significance. Partial fraction decomposition of transfer functions.examples.CONTROLLERS. higher order systems. output. servomotors. biological. robustness.design of controllers. transducers.impulse and indicial responsecharacteristic parameters. Example. Relation of transfer function to impulse respone. The primacy of stability.inverse transforms.series. Time invariant linear systems.system parametersgain. 's' domain. Deterministic and stochastic control. Loop gain. The importance of study of control system. Sensitivity of output to control input. applications to differential equations. robustness.first and second order linear systems. . system synthesis. UNIT. poles and zeroes. UNIT. accuracy. The pervasiveness of control in nature. FRQUENCY AND S-DOMAIN DESCRIPTION. Extension to dynamic control. Control system componentssensors.rules and conventions. Multiple input.input.MODELING.COMPENSATION TECHNIQUES Control system performance requirements. closed loop control.transfer function representation. Characteristic parameters. Examples from diverse fields. leadlag.effect on transfer function.SYSTEM SYNTHESIS.definition. by design in engineering systems.assumptions.asymptotic (Bode) plots.significance.overall system stability.static control of aircraft.multiple output systems. Need for stable. proportional plus derivative control.III SPECIFICATION OF CONTROL SYSTEM PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS. Measure of effectiveness. First and second order systems. steady state error.properties.corner frequencies.time domain description. Relation with system parameters. feed forward. validity. wash-out. stability.examples. tracking (command). PERFORMANCE– TIME.APPLICATION TO FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS UNIT.modeling. control synthesis. Characteristic equation.system parameters. Conflicting requirements. feedback controllers. resonant frequencies. single input single output systems. Dynamical systems. frequency transfer functions.robustness. Experimental determination of system transfer functions by frequency response measurements.representation.process (plant). reduction of block diagrams of complex systems.examples. Types of control problems.frequency response. Modeling of dynamical systems by differential equations. merits.physical.lead. noise. effective (responsive).CONTROL THEORY. multiple-input-multiple-output systemslinear and nonlinear systems. Merits of feedback control.

resolution. time invariant linear systems.E.compensation by pole zero cancellation. and Lewis.matrix exponential.. B. track. operation. TEXT BOOKS 1.numerical solution of state equations. Autopilot design by displacement and rate feedback. gain margin.conflict with piilot inputs. Introduction to Aircraft Flight Mechanics. The output variable..LINEAR QUADRATIC PROBLEMS. second edition. 3. Illustrative examples. 2007. UNIT. Significance of loop transfer function. 1992. 1.significance. Princeton University Press. Response of aircraft to pilot's control inputs. General form. Aircraft Control and Simulation.C. second edition.control augmentation systems. Flight Stability and Automatic Control. disadvantages.Zeigler and Nichols method.FLY BY WIRE CONTROL Approximations to aircraft transfer functions.review.interpretation. loop gain. 2003.purpose. pitch rate commands.representation by vector matrix first order differential equations.applications.pitch. Need for state variable reconstruction. Matrix transfer function.determinaion of feedback gain matrix. construction.purpose. UNIT.definition. to atmosphere. D. REFERENCES 1. repeated. Placement of eigen values by state feedback design. control actuators.G. Pilot's opinion ratings. Flying qualities of aircraft. altitude and velocity hold.hold.the ouput equation.inputs. design by displacement feedback and series PID compensator . Digital control systems. Controllability and observability. Need for automatic control. Prentice Hall India. performance. ANALYSIS Limitations of classical methods of control system modeling. State transition matrix. applied to complex. UNIT..P.normal acceleration.properties. UNIT. ISBN: 978-81-8489-795-1.Full authority fly-by-wire.displacement and rate feedbackdetermination of gains. 2003.STABILITY AND CONTROL AUGMENTATION.reduction to Matrix Riccati equation. Stability augmentation systems.the state observer.frequency response methods and root locus methods of analysis and compensation. F. Nelson.VII STATE FEED BACK DESIGN OF TIME INVARIANT LINEAR CONTROL SYSTEMS Canonical transformation of state equations. multiple input multiple output systems. ISBN: 0-07066110-3.. ISBN 0-87692-133-0. control surface actuators.L.R. Application to stability augmentation.significance. UNIT.real distinct. Introduction to Avionics Systems. Kuo.iterative methods.advantages. Tata McGraw-Hill..VI MODERN CONTROL THEORY. Illustrative examples. functioning.illustrative examples. frequency response and time-response specifications. relevant simplified aircraft transfer functions.L. Collinson. 2.VIII OPTIMAL CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN. 3. Flying quality requirements. 2. significance. command.APPLICATION TO STABILITY AUGMENTATION AND AIRCRAFT AUTOPILOTS Statement of the problem.relation to airframe transfer function. AIAA. State space modeling of dynamical systems.overview.IV AIRCRAFT RESPONSE TO CONTROLS. feedback signals. performance.STATE SPACE MODELING.description of design. Bryson. 1992. .C. Yechout.operation. ISBN 1-56347-577-4. complex. B. R. analysis and design. Design of multi loop feedback systems.stability margins.phase margin. Stability of closed loop system. Typical aircraft autopilots of civil and military aircraft. ISBN: 0-691-08782-2. Reversible and irreversble flight control systems. yaw. et al. Robust control.Feedback controllers. T.V APPLICATION OF CLASSICAL CONTROL THEORY TO ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF AUTOPILOTS Autopilots. Automatic Control Systems. bank. Prentice Hall. John Wiley.numerical method for determining feedback gains for mutiple input multiple output systems.eigenvalues. ISBN: 0-13-154008-0.inclusion of cost constraints.the objective function. Outline of the solution.Nyquist's criterion. Stevens. A.extension to autopilot design.pole-zero.. The control task of the pilot. 1994. Springer. Manoeuvering autopilots. R. Mc Lean. ISBN0-471-61397-5.. Automatic Flight Control Systems. Displacement autopilots.FLYING QUALITIES.state variables-definition. 1990.state equations. turn rate. Autopilots viewed as stability augmentors. Control of Aircraft and Spacecraft. analysis.linear quadratic problems.

Lax method. Murman. Boundary-layer transformations. G. doublets and vortices. determination of compatibility equations. supercritical airfoils.IV NUMERICAL METHODS FOR EULER EQUATIONS Flux approach. Second Edition. FTBS.. Cambridge University Press. periodic boundaries.Lax-Wendroff method. FTFS. symmetry plane.I) UNIT. Two-dimensional constant strength singularity solutions using Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions-constant source.I Stability of solution.II METHOD OF CHARACTERISTICS Philosophy of method of characteristics.II Description of Lax. theoretical aspects of transonic flows-transonic similarity. T.Cole switching/upwinding in supersonic flow regions. Roe’s first order upwind method UNIT.Wendroff scheme. Basic principles of upwind schemes. Upwind reconstruction. Description of time split methods. flow gradients at boundaries of unstructured grids TEXT BOOKS 1. finite difference formulation of TSD equation. Computational Fluid Dynamics. steps toward constructing a numerical solution.evolution. Keller-box scheme. Solution of thin airfoil with lumped vortex filament. Crank-Nicolson method. modifications for lifting bodies. Tannehill.implicit methodsEuler’s FTCS. unit processes.V NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF BOUNDARY LAYER EQUATIONS Setting up the boundary layer equations. preliminary considerations prior to establishing numerical solution. Van Leer flux vector splitting. McCormack two step predictor-corrector method. interface between grid blocks. Approximate factorization schemes UNIT. Viscous flow. Boundary layer edge and wall shear stress.explicit and implicit discretization. Flux-vector splitting. determination of characteristic lines-two-dimensional irrotational flow. coordinate cut. Inlet/output boundary.leapfrog method. physical considerations. Dale A. area rule. Solid wall-inviscid flow. Injection boundary.III NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF TRANSONIC SMALL DISTURBANCE EQUATION Physical aspects of transonic flows-critical Mach number.Godunov’s first order upwind method. John C . drag divergence Mach number. . Anderson. UNIT. 2010 .I PANEL METHODS Basic formulation. Two-dimensional constant-strength singularity elements-sources. Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer. minimum length nozzles. boundary conditions. Second Edition. Domain of dependence and range of influence UNIT. Pletcher Richard H. supersonic nozzle design by the method of characteristicssupersonic wind tunnel nozzle. reduction of a problem to a set of linear algebraic equations. explicit methods.flat plate boundary layer solution.VIII BOUNDARY CONDITIONS Concept of dummy cells.ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICS (ACD) (ELECTIVE. Farfield-concept of characteristic variables.integration of the continuity equation. UNIT. Lax method. iterative solution methods for discretized TSD equation UNIT. boundary conditions.VII TIME DEPENDENT METHODS. 1997 2. Chung.VI TIME DEPENDENT METHODS. Derivation of Transonic Small Disturbance(TSD) equation. Taylor & Francis. doublet and vortex methods UNIT.Steger-Warming flux vector splitting. accounting for effects of compressibility and viscosity.. FTCS. aerodynamic loads.solution of the implicit difference equations.

Springer. Computational Fluid Dynamics.REFERENCES 1. 2010 Anderson. Katz. 2004 Laney.. Modern Compressible Fluid Flow. Joseph and Plotkin. Computational Gasdynamics. Allen. 6.. Cambridge University Press. McGraw Hill. 2007 .. E. 2006. Elsevier. Fundamentals of Aerodynamics.. J. Prentice-Hall India. D. B. 1998 Schlichting. Anderson. H. Computational Fluid Dynamics: Principles and Applications. D. and Gersten. Low-Speed Aerodynamics. 2000 Blazek. 2nd Edition. Second Edition. Gasdynamics. 1982. McGraw Hill Rathakrishnan. 8. Tata McGraw Hill. J. J... K. Anderson. 7. 3. D. Boundary-Layer Theory. 4. Cambridge University Press. J.. 5. Fifth Edition. 2. C.

aviation industry interaction. Production Planning & Control-forecasting. general responsibility for safety. document distribution. engineering department functions. accident and injury reporting UNIT. Process-Oriented maintenance. human factors and systems engineering. technical records. other airline training courses. types and operation of overhaul shops. line station activities. Technical Training-organization. other QC activities. maintenance safety program. airline libraries. Three levels of trouble shooting. overhaul shops.VIII HUMAN FACTORS IN MAINTENANCE. FAA and JAA differences. building your own knowledge base. Maintenance overhaul shops(off-aircraft)-organization. ART AND SCIENCE OF TROUBLESHOOTING Systematic and systems approach. human factors in maintenance. other maintenance considerations. manufacturer’s documentation. airframe manufacturer’s training courses. Technical Publications-functions of technical publications.VII OVERSIGHT FUNCTIONS Quality Assurance-requirements for QA. maintenance program content UNIT.IV REQUIREMENTS FOR A MAINTENANCE PROGRAM AND MAINTENANCE AND ENGINEERING ORGANIZATION Objectives of a maintenance program. Hangar Maintenance(on-aircraft)-organization of hangar maintenance. knowledge is power.II) UNIT. administration and management of reliability program. reliability. airline generated documentation. additional maintenance program requirements. Organization of maintenance and engineering. Reliability-definition and types of reliability. other functions of QA. Goals and objectives of maintenance. two types of maintenance. maintenance control centre responsibilities. Maintenance program documents. Types of documentation. designing for the human interface. Discussion of the five objectives UNIT. production planning. Managerial Level Functions-technical services. feedback for planning. QC inspector qualifications. certification of personnel. delivery inspection. aircraft maintenance. Computer support-airlines uses of computers UNIT. problem areas in hangar maintenance.VI MAINTENANCE AND MATERIAL SUPPORT Line Maintenance(on-aircraft)-makeup of line maintenance. morning meeting. control of publications. material directorate. Human factors definition. material. role of the mechanic. Material support-organization and function of material. closer look of TPPM UNIT.III AVIATION INDUSTRY CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS AND DOCUMENTATION FOR MAINTENANCE Aircraft certification. maintenance crew requirements. aircraft logbook. human factors responsibilities. quality audits. maintenance intervals defined. organization structure and TPPM.AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE ENGINEERING (ELECTIVE. redesign. safety. ATA document standards. goals of the system and goals of the user. failure rate patterns. M&E organization chart. changing basic maintenance intervals. eight basic concepts of troubleshooting . general line maintenance operations. Current MSG process-MSG-3.II DEVELOPMENT OF MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS Maintenance Steering Group(MSG) Approach. elements of a reliability program. maintenance support shops. basic inspection policies. regulatory documentation.V TECHNICAL SERVICES Engineering: makeup of engineering. knowledge of malfunctions. ISO 9000 quality standard. system optimization. safety regulations. systems engineering definition. variations from the typical organization UNIT. establishing a maintenance program. ramp and terminal operations. system interface control. other line maintenance activities. general safety rules. production control. ground support equipment. maintenance program evaluation directorates. summary of FAA requirements. summary of management levels. role of the engineer. organization of PP&C. engineering order preparation. operator certification. Task-oriented maintenance. Outline of aviation maintenance program. Quality Control-quality control organization. functions that control maintenance. Maintenance Safety-industrial safety. mechanics and engineers. organization structure.I NECESSITY TO DO MAINTENANCE Definition of maintenance. understanding the sequence of events. training for aviation maintenance. M&E support functions UNIT. general groupings. typical C-check. Shop data collection.

1967. M. Maintenance and Repair of Aerospace Vehicles. 2004. Risk Management and Error Reduction in Aviation Maintenance. McKinley. 2. W. . Longman.. J. 4.. Northrop Institute of Technology. Aircraft Maintenance Management.. Bent. C. L.C. Aircraft Maintenance and Repair. REFERENCES 3. Friend.S. H. Patankar. 1992..H. R.A. and Delp. Watkins. Kinnison. Ashgate. F. And Taylor. M. 5..TEXT BOOKS 1. 2010.. McGraw-Hill. 2004. McGraw Hill.. Tata McGraw-Hill. Aviation Maintenance Management. ISBN 0-7546-1941-9. Kroes. J.D.