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The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra (Sanskrit: , Mahmtyujaya Mantra "great death-conquering mantra"), also called the Tryambakam Mantra, is a verse

se of the Rigveda (RV 7.59.12).It is addressed to Tryambaka "the three-eyed one", an epithet of Rudra, later identified with Shiva.[1][2] The verse also recurs in the Yajurveda (TS 1.8.6.i; VS 3.60)[3] The Mahamritryunjaya Mantra was found by Rishi Markandey. It was a secret Mantra, and Rishi Markandey was the only one in the world who knew this Mantra. The Moon was once in trouble, cursed by King Daksh. Rishi Markandey gave the Mahamritryunjay Mantra to Sati, Daksh's daughter, for the Moon. This is how the mantra came into common knowledge. Along with the Gayatri mantra it is one of the most widely known mantras of contemporary Hinduism. The mantra reads:
In Devanagari: In some Hindu Religious books the complete mantra has been mentioned as:"OM Hrom Om Joom Sah Bhurbhuvah Swh Om tryambakam yajmahe sugandhim pushti-vardhanam urv rukamiva bandhann mrityormukshya mmritt Bhurbhuvah Swarom Joom Sah Hrom Om"

This great mantra dedicated to Rudra as Mrityunjaya is found in the Rig Veda. It is called the Maha Mrityunjaya mantra, the Great Death-Conquering mantra. It is a mantra that has many names and forms. It is called the Rudra mantra, referring to the furious aspect of Shiva; the Tryambakam mantra, alluding to Shiva's three eyes; and it is sometimes known as the MritaSanjivini mantra because it is a component of the "life-restoring" practice given to the primordial sage Shukra after he had completed an exhausting period of austerity. The Maha Mrityunjaya mantra is hailed by the sages as the heart of the Veda. Along with the Gayatri mantra it holds the highest place among the many mantras used for contemplation and meditation Word to Word Meaning of Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra

aum = is a sacred/mystical syllable in Sanatan Dharma or Indian religions, i.e. Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism[4] tryambakam = the three-eyed one (accusative case) yajmahe = We worship, adore, honor, revere

sugandhim = sweet smelling, fragrant (accusative case) pui = A well-nourished condition, thriving, prosperous, fullness of life vardhanam = One who nourishes, strengthens, causes to increase (in health, wealth, wellbeing); who gladdens, exhilarates, and restores health; a good gardener urvrukam = pumpkin <a kind of Indian vegetable> (in the accusative case) iva = like, just as

urvrukam: 'urva' means "vishal" or big and powerful or deadly. 'arukam' means 'disease'. Thus urvrukam means deadly and overpowering diseases. (The pumpkin interpretation given in various places is also correct for the word urvrukam, but not apt for this mantra). The diseases are also of three kinds caused by the influence (in the negative) of the three guas and are ignorance (avidy), falsehood (asat, as even though Vishnu is everywhere, we fail to perceive Him and are guided by our sight and other senses) and weaknesses (aripu, a constraint of this physical body and Shiva is all powerful).

bandhann = "from captivity" {i.e. from the stem of the cucumber} (of the gourd); (the ending is actually long a then -d which changes to n/anusvara because of sandhi)

bandhann means bound down. Thus read with urvrukam iva, it means 'I am bound down just as by deadly and overpowering diseases'.

mrityor = From death mukshya= Free, liberate m = me amritt = [with] immortality, emancipation

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Translation

Three-eyed one, I meditate on you, who increase fragrance and nourishment. From powerful disease, bondage and death free us into immortality.

Actually OM is not spelled out in the Rig-Veda, but has to be added to the beginning of all Mantras as given in an earlier Mantra of the Rig-Veda addressed to Ganapati. But relogious books speak that word OM has more than one hundred meanings & the most preferred is 'Welcome to Gods' & persons from every section of society should start & end every mantra with OM. Though the mantras generally start with word OM but one should end it also with word OM.

According to some puranas, the mahamrutyunjaya mantra has been used by many rishis as well as Sati during the time when Chandra suffered from the curse of Prajapati Daksha. By reciting this mantra, the effect of the curse of Daksha, that could make him die, slowed, and Shiva then took Chandrama on his head.
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