DATA ON STORAGE RESERVOIRS

Presently, there are 11 man-made reservoirs in Mauritius, out of which, Dagotière and Valetta reservoirs are privately owned. The locations and the salient features of the impounding reservoirs are given in Fig.5.1 and Table 5.1.

Nicoliere

Dagotiere La Ferme Valetta Piton du Milieu Cascade Diamamouve Midlands Tamarind Falls Mare aux Vacoas Mare Longue Eau Bleue

Fig 5.1 Location of Impounding Reservoirs
RESERVOIRS CAPACITY (Mm )
3

MAXIMUM SURFACE AREA (Km )
2

PURPOSE

Mare aux Vacoas Midlands Mare Longue La Ferme Piton du Milieu Nicoliere Tamarind Falls Eau Bleue Cascade Dagotiere Valetta

25.89 25.50 6.28 11.52 2.99 5.26 2.30 4.10 4.30 0.60 2.00

5.60 2.98 1.05 2.28 0.76 1.02 1.68 0.75 0.43 -

Domestic Domestic, Irrigation Hydropower, Irrigation Irrigation Domestic Domestic, Irrigation Hydropower, Irrigation Hydropower Hydropower Mill, Irrigation Mill, Irrigation

Table 5.1 Salient Features of Impounding Reservoirs Fig. 5.2 to 5.6 show the daily and normal* storage variation, the monthly outflow, the schematic diagrams and feeder characteristics of the 5 important storage reservoirs. Fig 5.7 shows the daily storage variation and the schematic diagrams and feeder characteristics of the Midlands Dam. *period 1985 to 1995

Salient features of MAV Dam Location : Across marshy area.Second Spillway dam 2948. 1928.Tamarin . Contribution of local reservoir catchment is estimated as 11 Mm3/year.75 Mm 3.25 m /s 3 (ii) Parc aux Cerfs Canal (1971).50 m 1063. 25. called Mare aux Vacoas in the district of Plaines Wilhems and about 25 kms South of Port Louis In 1885.5 m /s (iii) Pradier Canal (2002). with the contribution of the Tatamaka Feeder Canal.6 km 566.50 km2 3330 mm 3 33 Mm year approx.35 m amsl 3 (i) Tatamaka canal (1922). In 1922. the level of the dam was raised to an elevation of 560. The average annual contribution of the canal is 1. and finally in 1961 to 27. Parc aux Cerf Feeder Canal was constructed to divert flow from the upper catchment area of River Citron and North East part of the local catchment. a masonry dam of one metre height was built across Riviere du Tamarin in the marshy land at Mare aux Vacoas draining an area of 13 km2. : 11 m. height and capacity increased in stages (in 1892. the level of the dam was raised to an elevation of 558. In 1892. and : 3.06 m and the storage capacity to 5.27 Mm 3.5 m 2 Year of Construction : Catchment Area Mean Annual Rainfall Regulated Yield Reservoir Capacity Maximum water spread area Full Reservoir Level Feeder Canals : : : : : : : Feeders in local catchment Type of Dam : Maximum height of dam : Length of Dam Width of Spillway Purpose : : : . Tatamaka feeder canal was constructed to divert water from Riviere du Poste into the MAV reservoir. and the gross storage capacity of the reservoir determined as 25.15 Mm3. Abandoned SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM La Marie Conduit Gros Ruisseau Rui.6 km2. capacity 4. In 1915. The dam was comprehensively rehabilitated in the year 2000.63 Mm 3 with a water spread area of 5. Its annual contribution is estimated as 4 to 5 Mm3. The carrying capacity of the canal is presently 4. In 1971.2 4. the reservoir capacity was further raised to 16. Du Poste History Notes In 1885.58 Mm3. the Pradier Canal was constructed to increase the inflow into MAV reservoir.Cogliano .5 2.5 m Potable Water Supply : 10 m. In 2002. 1922.54 m (amsl) and the capacity of the reservoir to 2. The purpose of the dam was to store water for domestic water supply. capacity 2.63 m3/s (iv) Ruisseau Gros Cerfs (v) Gros Ruisseau (vi) Grand Ruisseau Cogliano and Tamarin dams are homogenous earthen embankments Mare Soulier Spillway and Second Spillway dams are of masonry . : 6 m. That was how the Mare aux Vacoas Dam has come into existence. Gros Cerf FEEDER CANAL LENGTH (Km) RIVER DESIGN Tamarind Falls CAPACITY Res.25 m3/s and the annual contribution is of the order of 15 Mm3.Mare Soulier . 1941) and finally in 1961 19. capacity 9.89 Mm 3. In 1928.0 3. m3/s Grand Ruisseau Release to MARE AUX VACOAS Parc Aux Cerfs Tatamaka Parc-aux-Cerfs Pradier 2. after a prolonged drought. A hydrographic survey of the reservoir was carried out for the first time in the year 1996.89 Mm3 after hydrographic survey of 1996 5. 1915.MARE AUX VACOAS RESERVOIR FEEDERS NATURAL STREAMS : Grand Ruisseau Ruiseau Gros Cerf Gros Ruisseau & others Release to La Ferme Res.1 du Poste (South) Citron(South) Des Anguilles & tributaries Feeder Leckraz 4.63 Tatamaka Feeder Pradier Canal Spills into Riv.25 9.

MARE AUX VACOAS RESERVOIR DAILY STORAGE VARIATION YEAR : 2000 30 25 STORAGE (Mm 3) STORAGE (Mm 3) 20 15 10 5 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D YEAR : 2001 YEAR : 2002 30 25 STORAGE (Mm 3) STORAGE (Mm 3) 20 15 10 5 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 J F M A YEAR : 2003 M J J A S O N D YEAR : 2005 YEAR : 2004 30 30 25 STORAGE (Mm 3) 20 15 10 5 0 25 STORAGE (Mm 3) 20 15 10 5 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D YEAR NORMAL Outflow Fig. 5.2 Daily and Normal Storage Variation for Mare Aux Vacoas .

The reservoir has a storage capacity of 5.68 0.5 m above ground level 819. Its water is used for domestic.25 0. Salient features of La Nicolière Reservoir Location Year of Construction Catchment Area Reservoir Capacity Maximum water spread area Full Reservoir Level Type of Dam Maximum height of dam Length of Dam Type of spillway Width of Spillway Purpose Feeders : : : : : : : : : : : : : On River du Rempart (North).42 Spills into Riv. River du Rempart and eleven small streams.02 m (amsl) Homogenous Earthen Embankment 13.LA NICOLIERE RESERVOIR FEEDERS NATURAL STREAMS : FEEDER CANALS/ RIVER DIVERSIONS L.29 m each) Potable. 1929 7. It is fed by the La Nicolière Feeder Canal (LNFC).67 1.25 m /s and of length 27 km (ii) River du Rempart (iii) Streams in local catchment Regulated Annual Yield : 30 Mm3 prior to Midlands dam and 71 Mm3 after Midlands Dam.08 km2 249. Rempart CHEVRETTES & GONTRAN Nicoliere Feeder Canal from G.S.47 4. constructed in the year 1929 across River du Rempart. Small Small Streams LA NICOLIERE VACOAS FRANCOISE NP5 CWA Filter Plant Bassin Mercier Bassin Mercier M1 Pipeline * diverted to La Nicolière Feeder Canal History Notes La Nicolière Reservoir . industrial and irrigation water supply (i) La Nicolière Feeder Canal from GRSE.26 Mm3 after hydrographic survey of 1996 1.E And R. designed capacity of 3 4. the Midlands Dam was constructed to serve as a buffer reservoir to La Nicolière Reservoir.S. Du Rempart (North) 11 Springs RIVER G. Du Rempart (North) DESIGN CAPACITY (m3/s) 4.58 m (2 bays of 18. In December 2002. .1 11 No. is one of the main sources of water supply to the northern districts of Mauritius and part of Port Louis.75 km2 5.R.F.26 Mm3.R.08 m Ungated ogee shaped concrete spillway 36.C CHEVRETTES Div * VACOAS Div * FRANCOISE Div * LENGTH (Km) SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM Riv. The annual average regulated yield from the reservoir of 3 3 the order of 30 Mm has increased by about 41 Mm after the contrustion of Midlands Dam in December 2002. Du Rempart 27 0.E Catchment A03 E008c Riv. near Grande Rosalie.47 0. industrial and irrigation.N. in the district of Pamplemousses about 5 kms North East of Port Louis.

00 YEAR : 2003 YEAR : 2002 6 6 5 STORAGE (Mm3) 4 3 2 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.3 Daily and Normal Storage Variation for La Nicoliere .30 STORAGE (Mm3) 4 0.30 2 0.10 0.00 0 J YEAR YEAR NORMAL NORMAL F M A M J J A S O N D Outflow 0.40 0.60 0.50 Outflow(Mm3) Outflow(Mm3) Outflow (Mm3) 0.50 STORAGE (Mm3) 4 3 2 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0. 5.20 2 0.00 Fig.40 3 0.00 0.20 0.20 1 0.10 1 0.50 5 Outflow (Mm3) 4 0.50 0.10 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.50 YEAR : 2005 0.10 0.20 0.60 Outflow(Mm3) 3 0.10 0.30 0.50 0.00 0.60 6 5 STORAGE (Mm3) 0.LA NICOLIERE RESERVOIR DAILY STORAGE VARIATION YEAR : 2000 6 5 STORAGE (Mm3) Outflow (Mm3) 4 3 2 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D YEAR : 2001 0.40 0.20 0.60 0.30 0.30 0.20 0.40 0.00 6 5 STORAGE (Mm3) 4 3 2 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.60 5 0.10 0.60 YEAR : 2004 6 0.

about 20 kms South East of Port Louis 1952 6. Salient features of Piton du Milieu Reservoir Location Year of Construction Catchment Area Mean Annual Rainfall Feeders : : : : : Piton du Milieu in Moka district.12 m (2 spillways) Domestic Water Supply .10 Mm3 438 m (amsl) Earth dam 13.3 Mm3 2. It serves water for domestic use in the East District Water Supply system . Bateau PITON DU MILIEU Filter PLant River Vacoas Riv.5 m (above foundation level) 836. It is fed mainly from River Vacoas and Bateau.30 km2 3529 mm River Vacoas River Bateau Seasonal Streams Regulated Annual Yield Reservoir Capacity Dead Storage Full Reservoir Level Type of Dam Maximum height of dam Length of Dam Type of spillway With of Spillway Purpose : : : : : : : : : : 8.PITON DU MILIEU RESERVOIR FEEDERS SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM River Bateau NATURAL STREAMS Riv. Vacoas History Notes Piton du Milieu Reservoir is situated in the district of Moka.16 m Ungated concrete crest wall 363.99 Mm3 after hydrographic survey of 1996 0. Vacoas Spills into Riv.

0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.0 0.075 Outflow (Mm 3) Outflow (Mm 3) Outflow (Mm ) 3 2.000 YEAR : 2004 4.075 STORAGE (Mm 3) Outflow Mm 3) 3.0 0.100 STORAGE (Mm 3) STORAGE (Mm 3) 3.100 3.0 0.0 0.025 1.0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.100 STORAGE (Mm 3) STORAGE (Mm 3) 3.0 0.075 2.050 1.0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0. 5.000 0.050 2.0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.025 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.PITON DU MILIEU RESERVOIR DAILY STORAGE VARIATION YEAR : 2000 4.0 YEAR : 2003 0.025 1.0 YEAR : 2005 0.025 0.0 0.0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.075 2.000 YEAR : 2002 4.0 YEAR : 2001 0.0 0.050 2.0 0.0 0.000 YEAR YEAR NORMAL NORMAL Outflow Fig.0 0.000 0.075 Outflow (Mm ) 3 3.100 4.050 1.100 4.0 0.0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.0 STORAGE (Mm 3) 0.025 1.075 Outflow Mm ) 3 3.100 4.4 Daily and Normal Storage Variation for Piton du Milieu .0 0.0 0.050 1.0 0.0 0.025 0.000 0.0 0.0 0.050 2.

1914 19.2 Mm3 146.40 Spills into Riv. Salient features of La Ferme Reservoir Location Year of Construction Catchment Area Mean Annual Rainfall Feeders : : : : : Near Bambous village in the Black River district about 15 kms South West of Port Louis.61 km2 1380 mm (i) Trianon Grosses Roches Feeder Canal.LA FERME RESERVOIR FEEDERS NATURAL STREAMS : SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM Trianon Grosses Roches Grosses TrianonFeeder Roches Feeder River Belle Isle DESIGN CAPACITY m3/s FEEDERS CANALS LENGTH (Km) RIVER La Ferme Outlet U LA FERME 0 W018b Trianon Grosses Roches 8.62 m = 10 m = 12.Earth dam Masonry dam .26 m Irrigation = 8m = 8. It is located in the district of Black River near Bambous village and about 15 kms South West of Port Louis. Belle Isle T008b Spill from Pierrefonds Tunnel La Fenetre 4.83 la Fenetre Feeder History Notes Constructed in 1914. (ii) La Fenêtre Feeder Canal Annual Regulated Yield Reservoir Capacity Dead Storage Full Reservoir Level Type of Dam Maximum height of dam : : : : : : 17 Mm3 11.54 m Ungated masonry with concrete hearting 145.0 m (amsl) Earth cum masonry (i) above ground level (ii) above foundation level .0 Plaines Wilhems 2. with the sole purpose to supply water for irrigation to the western coast of the island.52 Mm3 after hydrographic survey of 1996 0.5 Rempart (west) & Papayes 2.Earth dam Masonry dam Length of Dam Type of spillway Width of Spillway Purpose : : : : 1526.1 m .

300 0.15 0.050 0.100 0.25 STORAGE (Mm 3) Outflow (Mm 3) 0.00 A M J J A S O N D YEAR : 2004 12 10 STORAGE (Mm 3) 8 6 4 2 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D YEAR 0.LA FERME RESERVOIR DAILY STORAGE VARIATION YEAR : 2000 12 10 STORAGE (Mm 3) 8 6 4 2 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.250 STORAGE (Mm 3) Outflow(Mm 3) 0.00 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D YEAR : 2001 0.20 0.05 0.15 0.150 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.15 6 4 2 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.30 0.15 0.000 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 J F M YEAR : 2003 0.30 0.25 STORAGE (Mm 3) 0. 5.10 0.10 0.05 0.25 0.10 0.25 0.25 Outflow (Mm ) 0.05 0.00 YEAR NORMAL NORMAL Outflow Fig.10 0.30 0.20 0.30 0.00 Outflow (Mm 3) 14 12 10 8 YEAR : 2005 0.5 Daily and Normal Storage Variation for La Ferme 3 .05 0.00 Outflow (Mm ) Outflow (Mm ) 3 3 YEAR : 2002 12 10 STORAGE (Mm 3) 8 6 4 2 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.05 0.200 0.20 0.30 0.15 0.

feeder 3 Homogeneous earthen embankment 13 m 768 m Ungated semi circular concrete crest slab Circumferential length .91 m amsl River des Aigrettes feeder1.3 History Notes Mare Longue Reservoir was constructed in the year 1948. Bambous Riv. Salient features of Mare Longue Reservoir Location Year of Construction Catchment Area Mean Annual Rainfall Annual Regulated Yield Reservoir Capacity Full Reservoir Level Feeders Type of Dam Maximum height of dam Length of Dam Type of spillway Width of Spillway : : : : : : : : : : : : : Mare Longue. 1 NATURAL STREAMS: FEEDER No. the main one being River des Aigrettes.11.152. 3 Feeder No.Des Aigrettes : Spills into Riv. Located in the district of Plaine Wilhems. The storage water is used for hydro power generation at Tamarind and Magenta power stations and thereafter for irrigation. about 30 kms South West of Port Louis.MARE LONGUE RESERVOIR FEEDERS SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM Riv.2 FEEDER No.28 Mm 576. feeder 2. in the district of Plaines Wilhems about 30 kms South West of Port Louis 1948 6.1 Feeder No.35 m Hydropower generation at Tamarind and Magenta power stations and thereafter for irrigation Purpose : . It receives water from three feeders. Des Aigrettes Feeder No. Des Aigrettes Release to Tamarind Falls Reservoir FEEDER No.7 Mm 3 3 6.53 km 2 2980 mm 9. 2 MARE LONGUE Riv.4 m Downstream channel .

5.10 0.05 0.05 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D YEAR 0.10 0.MARE LONGUE RESERVOIR DAILY STORAGE VARIATION YEAR : 2000 7 6 0.15 Outflow (Mm ) 3 0.00 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.20 5 4 3 2 0.20 STORAGE (Mm 3) Outflow (Mm ) 5 4 3 2 0.20 STORAGE (Mm 3) STORAGE (Mm 3) 5 Outflow (Mm 3) 4 3 2 0.00 1 0 J F M A M 0.05 0.05 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.25 7 6 0.20 STORAGE (Mm 3) Outflow (Mm 3) 5 4 3 2 0.15 0.15 STORAGE (Mm 3) 5 4 3 2 0.00 YEAR NORMAL NORMAL Outflow Fig.15 0.10 YEAR : 2002 7 6 0.25 0.20 0.15 STORAGE (Mm 3) 5 4 3 2 3 YEAR : 2005 0.00 0.15 0.05 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.20 Outflow (Mm ) Outflow (Mm ) 3 3 YEAR : 2001 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.25 7 6 YEAR : 2003 0.25 0.6 Daily and Normal Storage Variation for Mare Longue .25 7 6 0.00 J J A S O N D YEAR : 2004 7 6 0.00 0.05 1 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0.25 0.

S.24 m (amsl) 399.MIDLANDS RESERVOIR FEEDERS SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM GRSE G.R. The dam was finally constructed in December 2002 on Grand River South East near Midlands Village.2 km2 4000 mm GRSE.S.E NATURAL STREAMS Twinam Riv.00 m (amsl) 398. Due to an increase in water requirement. the Government commissioned a study in 1991 with a view to finding an optimal solution to meet the water demand of the northern districts of Mauritius.5 Mm3 395.5 m above ground level 30.R. on Grand River South East December 2002 17.E Midlands Reservoir Release and Spills into G.00 m (amsl) Rockfill with upstream asphalt concrete surface sealing and cutoff wall 19. River Twinam 41 Mm3 25. Works started in 1926 but were stopped in 1931 due to scarcity of funds. Salient features of Midlands Dam Location Year of Construction Catchment Area Mean Annual Rainfall Feeders Regulated Annual Yield Reservoir Capacity Full Reservoir Level Maximum Reservoir Level Dam Crest Level Type of Dam Maximum height : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Midlands in the district of Moka. Twinam History Notes The Midlands Dam site was chosen at the beginning of the twentieth century to create a reservoir.0 m above foundation level 2449 m including spillway Ungated concrete ogee shaped spillway 30 m Potable and Irrigation Water Supply Length of Dam Type of Spillway Height of Spillway above foundation : Purpose .

7 Daily Storage Variation for Midlands .4 STORAGE (Mm3) 20 0.4 STORAGE (Mm3) 20 0.4 STORAGE (Mm 3) 20 0.MIDLANDS RESERVOIR DAILY STORAGE VARIATION YEAR : 2003 30 0.2 10 0.3 15 0.2 10 0.3 15 0.2 10 0.5 25 0.3 Outflow (Mm 3) Outflow (Mm 3) Outflow (Mm 3) 15 0. 5.5 25 0.1 5 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 YEAR : 2005 30 0.5 25 0.1 5 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 YEAR : 2004 30 0.1 5 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 Fig.