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Electrical Department

Page 1. Switch Yard 2. MPSS 3. Substation 4. LA 5. Isolator 6. PT 7. CT 8. Breakers 9. Power Transformer 10. OLTC, NGR 11. DGPP 12. Motors 13. Protection 2 3 4 6 7 11 13 14 17 18 21 22 26



Electrical Department:Electrical department is concerned with the receiving, controlling & distribution of electrical supply in the plant also the correct functioning, repair & maintenance of electrical equipments under their control. This department caters to the entire plant related electrical needs, as it has electrical workshops scattered in all the plant. Incoming supply of electricity is of 132KV has to be step down to 6.6KV & 415V for distribution in the plant, residential colony, offices & for other purposes. This dept. also helps the production dept. to produce the cement by supplying uninterrupted stable power. This dept. also takes up maintenance jobs for the smooth functioning of the plant. Here there is set a big electric power switch yard station where there are 2 transformers (28/32MVA each) for stepping down the electric supply to 6.6KV. In the electric workshops the motors which are not working properly are over hauled, repaired & checked before taking them again in service. There are around 22 DC Motors& 1250 AC Motors in the plant. After this there is HT Motors 24 in NO. in the plant.

Switch Yard:Cement manufacturing is a heavy industry. The plant here runs on full load approx 32MW.For the plant HPSEB gives a 3 phase, 50 Hz, 132KV dedicated line from Cham kauri substation. In the switchyard it is stepped down to 6.6KV & further to 415V supplied to the plant auxiliary system. The output power of the transformer is transferred outgoing cables into the MPSS. Here all the controls of the transformers are kept.

Switch yard:



6 . Then it step down up to 6.. The MPSS also has capacitors for better power factor.6KV grade). Unit Substation:Unit substation has been used for Stepping down supply i.The CB is taken out service. We are feeding power supply to cement plant through the HT cables (6. The power also cut off during repair. They have a rating of 1590KVar each.MPSS:This is a main power sub station for control . The power is fed through a SF6 CB. having a rating of 630A & 3150A. 132KV. frequent start stops some times power is cut before the motor cause’s damage.6KV by the 2 power transformer capacity 28/32MVA each.6KV/415v). MPSS also coordinates with the STATE LOAD DISPATCH CENTRE HPSEB which manages the power consumption.e.e. MPSS also has a very important job that is of safety. transmission & distribution of electric power. The incoming supply comes from the HPSEB then after the output supply comes in breakers further this supply is used for our HT motors & also for auxiliaries with the help of our distribution transformer (6. monitoring & distribution of power is carried out. Further this supply is used for HT motors & auxiliaries equipment with the help of our distribution transformers (6.6KV/415V). In case of overload. These are kept second floor above the main floor in which HT panels are kept. regular maintenance or replacement so as to ensure safety for men working on it . The electric power is generated at the power station handled at several substations & then delivered to the consumers of electricity. We have following unit substations. The main incoming supply comes from the HPSEB i. 415V for using in auxiliaries equipment. Substation:A Substation may be defined as an assembly of apparatus which is installed for protection & control.

Further USS-4 is divided into two parts. PCC-Power Control Centre 2. 313.6KV/433V) through which we are feeding power supply to USS-2(For Stacker & Reclaimer section).6KV/433V) through which we are feeding power supply to USS-3(For Raw mill.1. 35/1. 1.Motor Control Centre. 33.6KV/433V) through which we are feeding power supply to USS-1(For Mining section). MCC-341.6KV/433V) through which we are feeding power supply to USS-4(For Cement mill section). Coal mill& Kiln section). 312. USS-2 3.333. 35/2) USS-4:We have 3 distribution transformers (capacity 2×1250KVA&1×2000KVA 6. (MCC-311. MCC-331.332. MCC. USS-3 4. (PCC-31. 6. Further USS-1 is divided into two parts. Further USS-2 is divided into two parts. PCC-Power Control Centre 2.Motor Control Centre. USS-1 2. PCC-Power Control Centre. 1. 35/2) 2. USS-3:We have six distribution transformer (capacity 6×2000KVA. 34. MCC-321. MCC-35/1. 323. 322. 6.Motor Control Centre.342. 7 . Further USS-3 is divided into two parts. 32. USS-4 USS-1:We have one distribution transformer (capacity 1250KVA. MCC. MCC. 6. 1.343. USS-2:We have one distribution transformer (capacity 1250KVA.

422.10 KA Basic insulation level (BIL) – 650KV Type – Gapless (Zno) Metal Oxide. 16. Isolators. 15. PCC-Power Control Centre. MCC-421. 6. MCC.413.1. Ckt Breakers. These are used to provide safety to the line to the instrument connected at line when lightning occurs. Earth switches. 2. 5.Motor Control Centre. 14. Poles & Towers.Power Transformers. MCC-431. 43) 2. 9.432. PT. Phase – Single. 12. 8 . Switch Yard comprises of following equipments & their specifications & functions:1.Earthing.NGR. 10. 13.Ckt Breakers. 42. Transmission lines. 7.Bus coupler. (MCC-411. Lightning Arrester. 4. Power Transformers.433). 11. Voltage rating-120 KV Current rating.PT.412. Lighting arrestor:It is a device used to discharge excessive or high voltage build upon the lines ground due to lightning. Bus coupler 8.423. (PCC-(PCC-41.CT. 3.

220V Make -Switchgear Ltd. Here the isolators are provided on one side of the CB i. Voltage (KV). (DC). .MGB Freq. The induction motors have been provided for operating the isolator. 89.3):This is an off load switch which isolate one part of system from the other part. on the industry we are consuming electrical power and in case of any shutdown there is no chance of reverse power flow which may be the case of interconnected power system.145 BIL (KVp)-650 STC (KA/sec)-31. The isolators are generally provided on both sides of the CB but at switchyard.Isolator (Air Break Disconnector): (89.50Hz Current (A) .8.e.RD300. 89.415V Type of Drive.800 Control Volt.5/3 Motor Volt (AC).1.5. (Madras) 9 . Type. 89.



co.1.220V Isolator (Air Break Disconnector): (89. Um-415V (AC) 12 . Normally the earthing switches are mounted on the frame of isolator.VLE Volt (KV)-145 BIL (KVp). Normally it is open. ltd.8):Earthing switch is connected between the line conductor & earth.D. capacitance to the earth.Switchgear Ltd. ltd.O.R.5KA Drive.7. (Hyderabad) Type.5/3 Motor Volt (DC)-415V Type of Drive. V-132KV Um-275KVp Vs-650KV In-800A Ith-31.89.7. Make .89.B.650 STC (KA/sec)-31. co. When the line is disconnected. 89.9) Make -Switchgear Mfg. the earthing switch is closed so as to discharge the voltage trapped on the line.89.9) Make -Switchgear Mfg.M.R. Type.5KA Drive. V-132KV Um-275KVp Vs-650KV In-800A Ith-31.B.M. type.3. (Hyderabad) Type. . type.O.MGB Freq.M.M. Um-415V (AC) Earth Switch (Air Break Earth Switch):(89.Earth Switch(Air Break Earth Switch)(89. (DC).50Hz Control Volt.D.

100VA/ph. The primary of a PT has many no. CL. BIL – 650KV. CL. 50VA/ph. S1: 132KV/√3. 0. The secondary way is usually rated for 110v irrespective of the primary voltage rating if a voltage of 132kv is to be measured the PT will have a turn ratio 13200/110v i. Freq. 0. of turns as compare to its secondary and is connected across high voltage system whose voltage is to be measured. To insure safety to the operator the secondary of a PT should always be earth.Single. 3P(To CRP relays ckt) 13 .5(HAC TVM) S3: 110KV/√3. Phase.1200:1.e.5(HPSEB TVM) S2: 110KV/√3. CL. CL.Potential transformer: (4Core PT):PT is basically step down transformer. 50VA/ph. – 50 Hz Voltage – 145KV. 1(To CRP metering ckt) S4: 110KV/√3. 100VA/ph.


30VA. CL. Phase.145KV Current – 20KA. 0.3×300mm2. To insure safety to the operator the secondary of CT is always earth all type of protection relay are CT operated. Voltage. Various sizes of the power cables for the LT and HT equipments and drives are 3×200mm2. of turns. CL. PS (To CRP Diff. These are used to measure very high current. The primary winding of CT consist of few turns and is connected in series with line whose current is to be measured the secondary has comparatively more no. 30VA.Current transformer (5-Core CT):CT is a basically step up transformer.650KV. Voltage and frequency of the bus bars are constant.Single.3×300mm2. CL. 30VA. BIL. Post Type Insulator:These are used for supplying the Bus Bar and disconnecting switches in substation.5(To CRP HAC TVM ckt) Core3 (C3): 200-400/1. A low range ammeter generally of rating 0-5A is connected in the secondary ckt. 30VA. 30VA. Protection ckt) Bus Bars:Bus Bar is a conductor to which a number of incoming and outgoing circuits are connected. 0. 15 . 1(To CRP metering ckt) Core4 (C4): 200-400/1. CL.5(To HPSEB TVM) Core2 (C2): 200-400/1.3×600mm2.5 P20 (To CRP Protection ckt) Core5 (C5): 200-400/0. A Post type Insulator is similar to a Pin type Insulator but has a metal base and frequently a metal cap so that more than one unit can be mounted in series. Core1 (C1): 200-400/1A. 0. Power cables:To provide supply path to various auxiliary equipment and machines the power cables are used.557A. CL.

current-31.6KV.650KVp Rated Short ckt Breaking Current-31. 3sec Rated line charging current-50A Gas Wt.-9kg Rated Voltage-145KV Rated freq-50Hz Rated Normal Current-1600A 16 .5 Rated duration of S. Also known as multicone insulator. Breakers:These are used to make or break the power supply under no load . ACB We are using SF6 breakers & VCB for the voltage level 132KV & 6. We have different types of breakers like. VCB 3. In this Insulator protection elements are in form of cones. And for low voltage system we have ACB.In EHV substation (400KV & above) polycon post insulator are used. SF6 Gas Ckt Breaker (52-A.C. on load condition& abnormal conditions.5KA. Type-20-SFM-32A Rated Lightning Impulse withstand Voltage. SF6 CB 2. 1. In this CB when moving contacts separates from the fixed contacts the gas filled in the cylinder chamber is pressed and comes out through a narrow opening and extinguishes the arc. 52-C. They are made ACSR conductor.5KA Rated Operating Pressure. They have high strength. Bus coupler:Which system through the one transmission line to another transmission line is connected is called as bus coupler.15kg/cm2-g First pole to clear factor-1.52-D):SF6 CB is a ckt breaker employing sulpher hexafluoride gas for arc extinction.

L&T Fault current-75KA Rating-3200A At incomer feeder.-50Hz Coil Volt.415V Freq.-220V DC Rated opening Volt.2000A At MCC-1250A Vacuum Ckt Breaker:A Vacuum system is one in which the pressure maintained at a value below the atmospheric pressure & is measured in term of mm of mercury.44KA R. (Un). Ckt-415VAC &50Hz Rated operating sequence-0-0. the vacuum regains the dielectric property very quickly.Rated closing Volt.L. (Up)-75KV Normal current (ir) 1250A Operating time.220VDC Motor Volt. & freq for Aux.W.12KV SCC (Isc).-B Coil volt. Voltage.-50Hz Utilization cat.3-co-3min-co Make-Crompton Greaves ltd Air Ckt breaker:In this ckt breaker Air is the medium which is extinguished the arc.3200a(C&S make) At Tie.) Rated Volt. Rated Volt.I.3 sec Mass-135Kg Freq.-220VDC Make. In the VCB the arc extinguish on first current zero automatically due to vacuum i.-220VDC Make-Siemens 17 .e. .-220V DC Rated gas pressure-5kg/cm2-g(at20deg.


490/560 Phases.Kirlosker Company Power Transformer 2: Type of cooling.YNynod11 Make – BBL Insulation levels P.5/140 (LV).11KV Amps (HV).ONAN/ONAF KVA Rating-28/32MVA Volt at No Load (HV)-132KV (LV)-6.2454/2500 (ter.).F. These transformers are usually on full load because they have high efficiency on full load. Type of cooling.3-delta Vector group.YNynod11 Make .6KV (Tertiary).122./Impulse HV 275KV/650KVp LV 28KV/75KVp Ter.6KV Phases.HV-3-star LV-3-star Ter. 19 .HV-3-star LV-3-star Ter. .Power Transformer 1: The transformers having rating higher than the 2000KVA are used on the generation & are connected with each of transmission line to decrease or increase the voltage are called Power transformer.3-delta Vector group..ONAN/ONAF KVA Rating-28/32MVA Primary Volt (HV)-132KV Secondary Volt (LV)-6. 25KV/75KVp.

20 Make.-6.FR-20 Normal working current -181A Step Volt-1145V Phase-3 Freq-50Hz Steps.6KV Protection-IP-32 Rating-10sec 20 .36Ohms Current-2800A Temp.HV (N) 38KV/95KVp OLTC (On Load Tap Changer):For the required output we can keep on changing the tap of the transformer by OLTC on the on load condition. Type. Volt.8kv & upper level is 6. It is done so that if any one of the phase is grounded then a very large current should not flow in the ckt & thus it provided more safety.Manufacturing Industries Ltd (Poona) NGR (Neural Grounding Resister):A resistance is connected with the neutral & then it is grounded. Rise-350 deg. The lower level of range of 5.8kv thus it gives us sufficient range to operate on.1. Make-Kores (pune) Resistance.

Shreem capacitors pvt. Ltd. Rated output:. of Phases-1 Type of IMPR.24 U.-NPCB Total Weight-26Kg 21 .106 kvar Amps-26.996KV Rated Freq.Star U.28/75KV Type of diel-pp Rated voltage-6. In this plant 13 no.-50deg Insulation level.Cat. in the pure capacitor.Shreem capacitors pvt.Temp.-50deg Insulation level.Temp. Rated output:.1590kvar Connection.-NPCB Make.Cat. of Phases-3 Type of IMPR.-50Hz No.POWER TRANSFORMER Capacitor Bank:We know that Capacitor bank is used to improve the power factor & we also know that current leads voltage by 90 deg. of capacitor bank is used for HT panels & equipment. Ltd.04KV Rated Freq.-50Hz No.28/75KV Type of diel-pp Rated voltage-4. Each Capacitor Rating:Make.

Led Acid cell 22 .-400Kg Wt.-50Hz Measured impedance at rated cont. Bombay Battery room in MPSS:The Battery room is used in the MPSS for the DC power supply. 2V each.Series reactor:A Reactor connected in series with the equipment to limit the flow of fault current. emergency lighting supply. current-131A Rated Voltage.-1225Kg Choke volt/phase-229V Kvar rating. of Battery-110.90 Oil wt.ONAN Total wt. current – 175 ohms Temp.28/75 Kvp Rated cont. Rating-300AH. DC supply is used for the trip circuit & control circuits in the power stations & sub stations. Phases -3 Type of cooling.6. Rise in oil over an ambient of 45deg.6600V Rated Freq./Ters.PS Electrical Pvt Ltd Insulation level. Make.of coil assembaly-275Kg Residual Voltage Transformer:RVT is a step down transformer which is used to supply the metering ckt & LCS (Local Control Switch)./Sec. Phase-3 Connection of Prim.Ltd. Harmonic current or for reactive power compensation. The series reactor can in different cases save a lot of investments in other fault current is limited to an acceptable level. 220V.-Y/Y/D Ratio. Total no.-50c/s Class-I/5PR Insulation Level-28/75KV Make-Automatic Elet.6 KV/110-190V Burden-50VA Freq.

of HT Breakers Total no. of DG set :-4 (2 Alternators are ABB make& remains 2 are BHEL make) Capacity of each unit : . Voltage dip is a sudden decrease in the supply voltage. of DC Motors Total no. They are also run in the bad weather condition when there is a possibility of voltage dip.Total no. of AC Motors Total no. The diesel engine obtains energy from the liquid fuel usually called the diesel oil & converts it into the mechanical energy. The DG is run during the peak hours. An alternator or DC generator mechanically coupled to the diesel engine convert the mechanical energy into the electrical energy. or when the electrical demand of the plant rises than the electrical energy supplied by the electricity board. This low voltage remains only for few seconds or milliseconds.24MW 23 . of SF6 Breakers :-22 :-1200(approx) :-24 :-30 :-53 :-15 DGPP (Diesel Generator Power Plant):Introduction: Diesel electric power plant is a power plant in which diesel engine is used as a prime mover for the generation of the electric energy. of HT Motors Total no. No. of Capacitor Bank used in MPSS:-13 Total no. Need of DGPP: The diesel generator power plant is used as a backup plant for the Ambuja Cement plant.6 MW Total capacity of the plant : . of Transformers Total no.

-0. 24 .37 to 225KW at 415 voltage level. Squirrel Cage Induction Motor: We are using Squirrel cage Induction Motor as a LT motors (415V operated) in cement plant.6000. Motor 1. 2. This high starting torque can be achieved only by adding more resistance in rotor ckt. And with the help of Liquid Rotor Resistance we can add resistance in the rotor ckt. These motors are having good efficiency & maintenance cost of these motors comparatively less than other motors.6KVoperated) because at the time of starting.C.KW rating. 1. Slip Ring Induction Motor:We are using Slip Ring Induction Motors as a HT motors (6. high starting torque is required. D. Basically DC motors are famous for the variable output speed.Specifications of Alternator:KVA rating-7500. But now a days AC drives have overcome the area of DC motors. D.F.8 lag Stator volt-6600 Stator amp-65.Speed-750 rpm P.C.3-phaes.Continuous Various Motors used in the Plant:1. We have these motors in range from 0. Slip Ring Induction Motor 2. 50 Hz Connection-star Ambient temp-50deg Excitation V-225 Excitation A-350 Duty. Squirrel Cage Induction Motor 3. Motor: We are using dc motors for the fine speed control of equipments.6 Insulation class-F Make -BHEL.

This type of DOL starters is called HDOL (Heavy Direct on Line Starter) starter i. Firstly the both contacts are another in the solution (solution 25 .The maintenance of DC motors is not easy because of its typical armature winding & internal accessories like commutator. It is generally used for the motors below 45KW but in the industry DOL have been used up to 100KW.These motors used in a classifier. belt conveyor.5KW to 900KW.The RDOL (Reverse Direct on Line Starter) is also used for starting the motor i. LRS:This is Liquid rotor Starters. 2. cooler & kiln main drive. The fixed & the moving contacts are placed in this solution. used for high rpm motor . 2.e. The various starters used in the industries are:1. 1. We have these motors in the range of 1. DOL Starter LRS GRR Star Delta Starter. starts in the opposite direction. Thus the function of a starter is to limit the initial inrush of current to a predetermined level so that voltage drop in the distribution line can be could be minimized & the stoppage of the other motors connected to the same system could be avoided. Starters Employed For Starting the Motors:Starters may be defined as a device that used for the starting of various electrical motors without having a bad impact on the power systems performance. 900KW DC Motor is used in the Kiln drive. weigh feeder. In the LRS water & caustic soda is made as a resistance medium.e. 3. DOL Starter:This is Direct on Line Starters used in induction motor directly to the line. 4. carbon brushes (which required weekly inspection).

3.6KV/433V) 1×750KVA (6.2×2000KVA (6. It is used only during motor starting of slip ring induction motor.6KV/477V) 8×2000KVA (6.offer the required starting resistance) & at the end when motor pick up the required speed then they are shorted.6KV) Distribution Transformers : . Transformers:Power Transformers :-2×28/32MVA (132KV/6.6KV/433V) HT Motors (6. It is used to regulate motor speed & remains continuously in the ckt.1 ×3850KW 26 .6KV/433V) 4×1250KVA (6. This method is used up to 75KW Induction motors.Star Delta starter:This type of starting method is uses to reduced voltage at starting by connecting the phase in star for starting & in delta for normal running.1×4200KW . 4.6KV operated):Raw mill Fan Motor Raw mill Main Motor .6KV/660V) 1×1311/655.GRR:This is Grid rotor starter.5KVA (6.

Tripping relay.1×1100KW 1×520KW . Over current relay. Reference: To CRP (Control & Relay Panel) Protective relays in Incomer side:1. Speed.. Rotor volt-1875V.3×400KW 3×400KW 3×280KW 4×220KW Specification of HT Motor :-( GBH FAN) Rating-2000KW. 50 Hz.1×1700KW . Under Frequency Relay. Sensitive Earth fault relay.3×2800KW . 6.Fan KString Crusher Motor Coal Mill Main Drive Coal Mill Fan Motor OLBC Motor O’Sepa Fan Motor Cooler Fan Motor . 2. rise -75 deg.Cement Mill Main Motor P. M.1×2800KW .Fan C String Bag House Fan Motor P. 3.H. Earth fault relay. Stator volt-6600V.1×900KW . 3-phase. 4.992 rpm Stator current-125A Rotor current-655A Insulation Class-F Temp. Type -Slip ring I.1×2000KW .H. 27 . Directional Over current relay. 5.

Definite time over current relay. MOTPRO relay. 7. 2. Definite time Reverse power relay. Auxiliary relay. 2. 4. 3. Instantaneous Earth fault relay. Tripping relay. Tripping relay. Over current relay. Instantaneous earth fault relay. Earth fault relay. 10. 9. Tripping relay. 2. 8. Auxiliary relay. 4. Protective relays in Motor Feeders:1.Differential relay. 6. 5. Auxiliary relay. 5. Neutral Displacement relay. Over Voltage relay. 11. Over Current relay 3. Neutral Displacement relay. Protective relays in Capacitor Feeders:1. Over fluxing relay. Buchholz relay. 28 .Protective relays in Transformer Feeders:1. 4. 3.

Neutral Displacement relay. 3. Protective relays in DG System:1. 3. Over Voltage relay. Under Voltage relay. Tripping relay. 2. 29 . 2. 6. 4. Under Voltage relay. Over Voltage relay. Tripping relay. Definite time relay.Protective relays in Bus PT Panel:1. 5. Under Frequency Relay. 4. Over Frequency Relay.

CONTROL AND RELAY PANEL Tripping relay: Tripping relay is fast instantaneous relays & is generally attracted armature type. of simultaneous switching operation is desired. Tripping relays have a few pairs of robust contacts. Tripping relays are used for high speed tripping duties where a no. They are either hand or electrically reset type. 30 . Their operating time is of the order of 10ms.

These duties are performed by auxiliary relays. ratio adjusting (current balancing) transformers etc. varies from normal value. breaking trip ckt ) etc. of induced emf of synchronous generator is maintained constant by constant speed. are used in some schemes. phase to phase fault. relays are used in generator protection. continuously. The freq. This relay is a over freq. This relay used up to 500KVA & above. Differential relay: A protective system which responds to vector difference (phase/magnitude) between 2 or more similar electrical quantities are known as Differential relay. The relay unit used in such protection has 3 restraining coil & 1 operating coil. or under freq type. Auxiliary relay:A protective relay only closes its contacts & it is relieved of other duties such as time lag tripping (carrying current for longer time. below oil level. In case of under speeding due to increase in load etc. To achieve balance in pilot wires. relay monitors the freq. Buchholz Relay: Buchholz Relay provides the protection of the internal side of the transformer. phase to ground fault. 31 . This relays are generally connected to the secondary of Voltage transformer. resulting in decomposition of oil etc. Freq. Repeat operations are also performed by repeats contactors/auxiliary relays. Only faults below oil levels are detected by this relay. The faults are large internal faults.Frequency relay: The freq. The freq.

2 second and having no intentional time lag is called Instantaneous Earth fault relay. Over fluxing Relay: This relay operates the condition of heating of core. core bolts. Under healthy system conditions or under fault conditions where the current flow is in the normal directional eddy currents induced in the sector produce a torque the direction of which restrains relay operation. Directional protection responds to flow of power in a definite direction with reference to the location of CT’s & PT’s . Hence the relay senses magnetic flux condition over fluxing relay is provided with enough time lags. Reverse Power relay:- 32 . core bolt insulation etc. Earth fault relays give protection against earth faults on the delta or unearthed star connected winding of transformer. Instantaneous Earth fault relay: A fast relay which senses the earth fault having relay time of less than 0. This relays are used in protective system as elements which judge the direction of power flow.Directional relays respond to the magnitude & sign (direction) of power applied to their terminals. The magnetic flux density (B) in the transformer core is a function of V/F. This protection may than be used for high speed tripping for faults on star connect earthed secondary winding of power transformer. Directional Over current Relay:A Relays which responds to increase in current.Restricted Earth fault relay:A Relay which senses the earth fault is called earth fault relay.

Reverse phase sequence 6. Reverse power relay is different in construction than directional over current relay.. The reverse power occurs in case of prime mover fails. 33 . MOTPRO Relay:The most effective device used for the motor protection in the plant is called MOTPRO Relay. This relay provides comprehensive protection for AC induction motors. Negative phase sequence 5. Prolonged start 8. Stalling 4. This relay has following protection features & the flexibility to select any required combination of these for a particular application: 1. This is an Electronic relay. Loss of load 9.Reverse Power protection operates when the power direction is reversed in relation to the normal power flow. If the fault occurs in any phase the current is flowing to the neutral than the neutral point is displacing of the original position than this relay is operate. Earth fault 7.. 3. Short ckt. Too many starts etc. Thermal over load 2. Neutral Displacement relay:We know that the neutral current is the sum of the all 3 phase currents. the generator continues to run as a motor & takes power from bus bars.

Conclusion This training has been of more importance for us. Really industrial environment is challenging to build up our career. how do we manage our department. We have correlated our theoretical knowledge to what is practical. Some new industrial concepts came to know. team work. Through this training we have get overview about our Ambuja Parivaar. We will try to do our best for our company Dgpp: 34 .

Switch yard: 35 .

36 .Circuit breaker.

Pt & e/s: 37 .

Power transformer : 38 .

39 .

Damage on transformer: 40 .

Buccholz relay: 41 .

42 .

43 .

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