· ·

January 2011
January 1
In the first hour of the new year, an explosion in front of
Saints' Church, Alexandria, kills 21 people and injures 90.
January 14
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali flees Tunisia.
January 17
A restaurant owner sets himself alight in front of the
gates of the People's Assembly building in protest at
his ration of subsidised bread, and in Alexandria a
youth unable to find a job hangs himself in despair.
January 25
Huge numbers of Egyptians respond to calls by the
Facebook page 'We are all Khaled Said' to sabotage
National Police Day. Demonstrations erupt across Cairo
and Giza, heading for Tahrir Square. Protests also take
place in Suez, Ismailiya, Alexandria, Mansoura, Tanta
and Aswan.
Interior Minister Habib al-Adly blames demonstrations on
the banned Muslim Brotherhood, who deny responsibility.
Mobile phone networks are cut off in the vicinity of
Tahrir Square.
At six in the evening, demonstrators gather around a fire
lit by the Ultras at the entrance to Qasr al-Aini street,
united under the slogans “The people want the fall of
the regime” and “Bread, freedom, human dignity”.
A state of quiet anticipation pervades the square until
midnight, when police attack demonstrators with
water hoses and tear gas.
The protesters disperse into small groups roaming the
streets of downtown Cairo, forming demonstrations
which move about the city until daybreak.
The first martyrs of the Egyptian revolution fall in Suez.
January 26
Police clash with thousands of protestors who refuse to
leave Tahrir Square, and the Interior Ministry arrests
500 people over the course of two days.
Protests continue in Cairo and become fiercer in Suez,
where the revolutionaries are joined by Sheikh Hafiz
Salama, leader of the popular resistance in Suez during
the 1973 October War.
January 27
Demonstrations continue throughout the country as
hundreds are arrested, including 20 members of the
Muslim Brotherhood and activist Wael Ghonim.
Mohamed ElBaradei returns to Cairo to join the protests.
· ·
, . . , ¸ · · · ·
· , . . , ¸
‘ . . . . . · ’ , ¸ . ¸ . . . Ω . . , . . . . . , . . Ω s . , . . · . ≤ . , . . _
. . ’¸ . . s . . , , · . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . ¸ ¸ · · . . . . . . , ¸ . . . . · · ·
. . . . ¸ . . . . , , · ‘ . . , † . , s ¸ . ¸ · · · . · · . ƒ . ¸ . . .
. . . · . , · , . ≤ . . . . ¸ . . . , . . s . , . . · . ≤ . , . . _
. · , . . , ¸
. ¸ , ¸ , , ¸ . . . . . , ¸ . ¸ . ∏ ¸ . ¸ ƒ . ¸
· · , . . , ¸
. . . . . . . . , , . . . π . . . , ‘ . . . . √ . . Ω . ƒ . · › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . . . · . ¸ . , ¸ Ÿ . . , . , . . . ¸ . . s . . , … , . . . ¸
. . . ≤ . . . . , . . . · . ¸ ◊ . . ƒ ∫ . ∏ ≈ . . π
- · , . . , ¸
. . . s , , . . ¸ Ÿ . . ¸ , _ . . . . , . . . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . · . . , . . , ƒ ∑
· s ∏ . . . . . . . . . , . . ’¸ · . . . . , ƒ Ω . , . . . . ¸ . · . . . . Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ ‘
. ≤ . . ¸ . , . , ¸ . . . . , · ¸ ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . ƒ . . s ¸ , ‘ . . . ƒ , . ¸
, ’ . . . . . , ∏ , · , ’¸ . . s . . , , · , Ÿ . . . ƒ , . , . . . . , . . ƒ ,
. . . . . , . ¸ . ¸ , · . . . · . . . . . , · ’ , ∫ . ¸ . ‘ . . . , ¸ . , . π . . .
. , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ¸ Ÿ , . . . . _ . . . . . . . , . . . . . . ≈ fi . ƒ .
, , , ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ .

˘ ˘ π . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · ’¸ . ˘ ƒ , Ÿ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . _ · . . ˘ ƒ , . .
Ÿ . . . ƒ . , · . ¸ Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ . , . . . . · . . ¸
· . ™ ¸ , . . . ∫ . . , s . ¸ . , ƒ ∞ . . ƒ . · ‘ . . . ≤ · . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
‘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . . . ˘ ˘ · . . . ˘ ˘ . . . Œ . ˘ ˘ ™ Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , , . ˘ ƒ ∫ ˘ . , . ˘ . ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ .
’ . ¸ . ¸ ‘ . . . π . . . , ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . , . ¸ . ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
, . ∏ . ƒ , . . . . , . ƒ .

. · . . . . . , ¸ , . ¸ . . ≤ . • . . . . Ω . . , · . , . ¸ .
. ¸ , · . s ¸ . · ¸ . . . , · .
. . , . , . . . . ¸ , ¸ · . ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ≈ . . . . . ∞ . ∏ , π
. _ . . ¸ · ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ . · ‘ . , . ƒ Ω . ∏ ≈ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ¸ . , ,
Ÿ . . , · . . . π . . . ,
- ·
The Muslim Brotherhood announce their intention to
join the following day's demonstrations, whilst Salafis
leader Yassir al-Burhami states that he will not take
part.
In the evening, the government shuts down Facebook
and Twitter, and then, after midnight, shuts down the
internet completely. Meanwhile, security forces in most
Egyptian cities prepare for the following day.
January 28
Despite the closure of mobile phone networks and the
internet to prevent the organisation of protests,
hundreds of thousands of people flood out of mosques
after prayers on the 'Friday of Rage' and head for Tahrir
Square. The same happens in Alexandria, Suez,
Mansoura, Ismailiya, Damietta, Fayoum, Damanhur,
Zagazig, Port Said and North Sinai governorate.
Over 800 people are martyred and over a thousand
more injured across the country. Alexandria is hardest
hit, with 87 dead, followed by Suez, with 13.
Having failed to deter protestors, the police withdraw
from Qasr al-Nil bridge in Cairo. Demonstrators gain
control of Alexandria and Suez and burn local National
Democratic Party headquarters and police stations until
Hosni Mubarak, in his role as military commander,
announces a curfew in Cairo, Alexandria and Suez
from 6pm until 7am. Tanks roll into the streets to
maintain security and are welcomed by protestors who
see the army as neutral. The slogan “The army and the
people are one hand” appears for the first time.
Shortly after midnight, Mubarak delivers a speech to
the Egyptian people in which he dismisses the
government, seemingly unaware that he himself is the
target of the revolutionaries' anger.
January 29
Flouting the curfew, demonstrators pour into Tahrir
Square in the early hours of the morning to demand
Mubarak's resignation, and violent clashes with police
take place in front of the Interior Ministry building,
where three people are martyred and scores more
injured. The military intervene with armoured vehicles
and take control of the situation.
Mubarak appoints Omar Suleiman, intelligence chief
and close ally, as his first-ever vice-president, and
assigns former Civil Aviation Minister and Commander
of the Air Force Ahmed Shafik the task of forming a
new government.
From Berlin, the German, French and British leaders
express their concern at the situation in Egypt, and
· ·
. ¸

¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , ¸ ¸ . . . . . ¸ Œ ƒ ∫ ‘ . . ƒ , ¸ , . . . . , ∏ . . . . s ƒ ,
. . . . . . . ¸ ¸ . . ¸ ∑ ‘ , . . . . ≤ . . ¸ . . . ≈ . . ∏ ™ . . . , . ¸
. . ≤ ƒ • , ∫ . . , , . , ¸ . ∏ . ƒ , . Ÿ . . ¸ , · . . . . . ƒ , . ¸
· · , . . , ¸
. . . ¸ . · . . . , ∂ . ™ ’ ’ . . . , ¸ , · † . ƒ . . . . , . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ .
, , , , . . . . ∏ , · ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ · · - . . . . . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . ¸ . , ƒ . _
Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ . . . . ¸ ‘ . ≤ . . ¸ . , ¸ , . . . . . . , . · . . . ƒ , . ¸ . . . ,
† . , . ∏ . ƒ , . . . , ¸ . . · . . . · . · . ≤ . · . . . . , , . ¸ . ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ ≤ . , . ·
. . . . , , · ‘ . ¸ ¸ s . ƒ . ¸ - · · ·
· · , . . , ¸
. . . . ¸ , Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ ‘ . . . . , · . , . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . ¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
. ¸ . , . , , · · . ¸ ’¸ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _ , . . . . . . , · π . . , ,
fi . . . , . . ¸ , . ƒ . ¸ ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . · † . . . Ω ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸
’ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , . ∏ . ƒ , † . . . . , , Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ . . .
. . . ∏ . ¸ , . . . ¸ . , . . . ¸ , . ∏ ¸ · . ¸ , . † . ,
‘ Ÿ . . . . . ∏ ≥ ◊ s ƒ . · . ƒ · ™ · , . ¸ . ƒ ∑ , ƒ , ¸ . . , . . . . . . . . ∞
. ∏ , π ’¸ ¸ . . , . . . .

. . . . . . . ¸ . . , · ‘ . ∏ . Ÿ . , Ÿ . . ¸ , ·
¸ . . . . . ’ . ¸ . ¸ , . . . . , ∏ . . . . . . ∏ , π
· · , . . , ¸
‘ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . † . . . . , . ˘ ˘ , · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ™ . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ƒ ˘ ˘ ∞ . . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ·
, ’¸ ¸ . Ÿ . ™ . . , , Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ , ƒ . . π . . . . , . . ¸ _ . . . ¸
’ ’ . . ¸ fl . ∏ ∞ Ÿ . . . . . . ≤ . . . · . . . . · . . . , _ . . ƒ ¸
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ ¸ · † . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ¸ ’¸ . . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ . , , ˘ · , . . . ˘ ƒ , . ¸ , Ÿ . . . ˘ ƒ , .
, ’¸ . . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ · , . . ˘ , ˘ . • , . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ƒ Ω , . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ƒ , , . ˘ ¸ · ˘ . , , ˘ ≥ , . ƒ , . . . , .
, fi . · . · . . . . ∫ . . , . . .
. . ≤ ƒ • . . ’ , ≤ π . ¸ · · · . . , , . , ¸ . . . . · s ¸ . ¸ . ∞ ‘ . . .
. . , ƒ , , · . s . , . . . . , . ’ s , . ¸ . . . , . . ‘ ’¸ . . s . . , , ·
, · · . . , , . , . . , . . . ƒ , . ¸ , - · . . , , . ,
. . . · . . ∏ , . ‘ . . . . . ƒ , . . . . , . · ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ . · . ¸ . . . ¸ · . . ¸
. . , π . . . ≤ . . ¸ . . . , . ¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , . ∏ ≈ . . . ƒ , . ¸ , ’¸ . . s . . , , ·
- ·
Britain and the USA advise their citizens to leave.
A sense of chaos sweeps the country after the police
withdrawal and news of uprisings in the prisons of Abu
Zaabal, Tora, Fayoum, and Qata. General Mohammed
Al Batran of the Prison Authority is martyred in Qata,
and Habib al-Adly and his officers are subsequently
accused of his murder. Al Batran is understood to have
disobeyed orders to release prisoners – orders by the
Interior Minister in a deliberate attempt to cause chaos.
Young people form Popular Committees to protect
property and maintain security in the streets.
Egyptian television announces extension of the curfew,
which will henceforth last from 4pm until 8am.
Bedouin blow up the local State Security headquarters in
al-Arish, Sinai, killing one person and wounding twelve.
Egyptian television announces the resignation of
Ahmed Ezz, member of the National Democratic
Party's policies secretariat.
January 30
Around 250 000 protestors remain in Tahrir Square.
F16 aircraft fly overhead at low altitudes, prompting
the chant “Hosni's gone crazy!”.
ElBaradei, in Tahrir Square, demands that the regime
leave and calls for a new Egypt.
Calls for Mubarak to step down are growing in
number, both within Egypt and abroad, and US
statements call upon the Egyptian government to
respond to the demands of the people.
Egyptians are urged by demonstrators in Tahrir Square
to take part in the first million-strong demonstration to
topple Mubarak.
Israel asks for the global biased rhetoric against Mubarak
to be moderated, countering that he has proved himself
capable of maintaining peace in the region.
The internet is still experiencing shutdowns, and
opposition television channels, including Al Jazeera,
are taken off air. Meanwhile, six Al Jazeera editors are
arrested and later released.
January 31
Military spokesperson General Ismail Etman promises
that the army will not use force against demonstrators,
and vows to protect the right to freedom of expression
of all those using peaceful means.
The new cabinet, headed by Ahmed Shafik, is sworn in.
Omar Suleiman announces that Mubarak has
entrusted him with the task of beginning a dialogue
with a range of political players on the issue of
constitutional and legislative reform.
. ·
, . ¸ · ƒ . ≤ . , ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ , . . † ¸ · . . . Ω . . . ¸ . · . . . ≈ · ¸ . ¸
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , ∑ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · ◊ . s ˘ ˘ , . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ ∫ ‘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ . . ˘ ¸ .
, ’¸ . . s . . , , · , . . . ƒ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . . . · . . . . . ¸ ¸ . . . . . . · . . , . . . .
, . ¸ . . . . . . . ¸ . , . ¸ . ∏ . . ƒ , ¸ Ÿ . ™ . . ƒ . . ≈ , . . . ’ . ¸ , . . .
¸ . , . Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . , ¸ . . , , . , . ¸ . ¸ · . fi . , . · . , ¸ ’ , ∫
. ¸ . . . . . , · . , . ¸ , . . . . . ¸ , . , . . . .
. , . , ∑ , ƒ . · s ∏ . · ¸ ¸ . . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … . . . . . . . . ∞ . ∏ , π . · , ≤ , π
◊ s ƒ . · , , . . . ¸ . s . · ⁄ , s ¸ . ≤ . . ƒ . . . ’ . ¸
· · , . . , ¸
. . . . ¸ , ’¸ . . . , . s . ¸ . . . , . · . . . . . ∏ , π . _ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . ¸ . ·
. . Ω . , . ≈ , , , . . . . ∏ , · . , . , · ™ - . . , . . , . . , . . . . . ¸ ¸
, ˘ ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ ∏ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ ˘ . ¸ . , . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ∏ . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≈ Ÿ ƒ · ˘ ˘ ∞ , s ˘ ˘ . .
. . , . . ¸ . , . ¸ . . π . . . · ¸ , . . . , . ¸ ¸ . . . ∏ , · ‡ . . ¸
¸ ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . , . . _ . ∏ . , . ¸ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , . , . , . , . Ÿ . . ,
, , . . ¸ . . . · . . . , . , ¸ ’¸ . . . . . . . ¸ s . . . . π . . . , .
. , . , ∑ , . ,

¸ . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , , · , . ¸ fl . . ¸ · , . . , . . . · Ÿ ≤ ¸ . _ . · , .
. · ’ , ∫ . ¸ . ‘ . , , ¸ . s . · , , s ∏ ∞ , , , ¸ . . , , Ÿ . ¸ . . . . . ≥
, · ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ · ¸ . ˘ . , , ’ . . ˘ , ˘ ≥ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ≥ . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ≥ . ˘ . . . ˘ s ˘ , ˘ π
. s ƒ . · . . , . .
. ¸ . ¸ . _ , . ∏ ¸ · . . . Ÿ . , . , · ¸ . . . , ‚ ∏ ¸ · ∏ ≤ , , . ∏ ≈ . ƒ . . ™ ‘
. . . ¸ . , . . . _ . ƒ ’ , . ¸ Ÿ . . . . , ‚ ∏ ¸ , . . , . . . . . ¸ ∑ . . . ¸
. ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ ‘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · . . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . . . ¸ . ·
, ’ . · , . ¸ “ ¸ . ‘ . . . ƒ , . ƒ , . , π , . ¸ . , . . , ƒ Ω , . ≤ . . . , .
. . . . . , . . ∏ ƒ . fi . . . , . ¸ , , · , . ¸ · . . ¸ . . . ∏ . · . . . . ƒ , .
, , , · , . . . . . . , , . . . . . ¸ , . . , . . · . . . . . , . · . . . , . . ¸ . . ·
. ∏ ≈ ¸ . · ¸ Ÿ . . . . _ ’¸ . . . . · . . ƒ . . ≈
. . . , . ¸ , . . s ∏ ƒ , . . , . . . , , · ◊ . . , · Ÿ . . ∏ s . ¸ , · ¸ . ¸ ’ . ¸
. . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ “ . , . . . ¸ . . . ƒ ∫ . ¸ . ¸ . . · . . . ¸

¸ ¸
. . . . . · . . , . .

.
· ·
Thousands of demonstrators in Tahrir Square demand
the President's resignation.
Trains across the country are at a standstill.
Complaints about the internet blackout continue,
whilst Al Jazeera announces that it is experiencing an
unprecedented level of difficulty in broadcasting.
· ·
. . . . ¸ . . , . . , . . . , . . ¸ , , . ≤ ¸ . , . , . , . . . . ¸ . . , . · ‘
. . ¸ , . ¸ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ . ≤ . π . . . . ¸ , . ¸ ¸ · ·
. . ∏ . ¸ , ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ . . . ≤ . . · . . . . ¸ . † . ƒ . . · . . . , . . . . ¸
‘ ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸
· - , . . , ¸
. . , ≤ ¸ ¸ . ¸ · - · . ∞ . . . . ¸ , . . . . ¸ , , ‘ . . . . . ¸ , ’ . . . . . Ω
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . . · ¸ ¸ . · · . , . ∏ ≈ , . . . . ¸ . . . . † . · .
· , , . ∞ . . ƒ , · . . . . ¸ Œ .

¸ .
. , . . ¸ ‘ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . ƒ . . . . Ω , , ¸ . π , , . . . … . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ , s , · . . . . ◊ s ƒ . · Ÿ . . ¸ , · . . ’ . . . . . . · Ÿ . . . .
. . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ …
. . ƒ ¸ . ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ ¸ ¸ . . . . , Ÿ . . ¸ , · . ¸ . π , ∫
. ∏ , ƒ , · ’¸ . . ≤ . • . . Ω . , . , ∑
¸ . . ¸ · , π . ∏ . , . · · . ∏ , . · . . . Ÿ , · Ÿ . . , ¸ . . . . . , . , ∑ ’ ·
. ≤ . . , . ∏ ≈ ◊ . . . . ∏ ≈ . . . · Ω ‘ Ÿ . . ≤ ·
. . , . . . . , s · ’¸ ¸ . ƒ . · . . · ¸ s . . ” . . . . ≤ . ƒ ¸
Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . . † . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω , . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≈ , . . ˘ , ˘ . . ¸ , ˘ ¸ . . ˘ . ˘ ¸ · ˘ ¸ _ . ˘ ¸ · . ¸
fi ¸ , , , . s . , · . · , † ¸ . ∏ , , , ‘ , · . . . . . ≥
· - , . . , ¸
Ÿ . . . ¸ . . . . , . ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . · . ∏ ƒ . ¸ . . . . . , π . . . . , , ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ ,
. , . ¸ . ¸ , . . . . . Ω . ≤ ƒ . . . . . . . _ . , , . ¸ , · . . . , , . s . ƒ . ·
. s π Ÿ ƒ . . _ . . , ¸ , . . . . . . ƒ , . ƒ . . . · π . . . ∏ . , ·
◊ s ƒ . · . . , . . . ¸ · . . . · . . . . . . , ≥ ƒ· . … . , . _ . . . . . ƒ , , ·
. . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , , ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ , . , . , ∑ s ∏ . · . , . . . ƒ , . ™ s π . ≤ ƒ ¸
. . . , . . . , · . . . . , ¸ . . · . . ¸ . . . . ƒ , , · , . . ¸ , . , ·
’ . . . . _ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . , ƒ , . . . . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸
ƒ · ∞ . ¸ s · . ≤ . . , ¸ ‘ . , · .
. . . . ¸ , ≤ . . ¸ ’¸ ¸ . . , . ¸ , ¸ . . ∏ ¸ . ¸ . . , . . . . . ƒ , . ¸ ⁄
, . . , ≥ . · . . , π
¸ , . π
. . . _
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
– , . . . ƒ , .
. , . , . . . . . ≈ fi . ƒ . . Ÿ , . . . . _
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . s . ,
Vive La Révolution
Mustafa Mahmoud Square
Mohandiseen
photo: Sarah Carr
Leave
Teneen
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
· ·
, . π . . ≤ . • . . . . Ω
. . . _
. . . , ¸ . ∏ . . . ¸ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
’ . ∏ . . . . .
. . . , ¸ . ∏ . . . ¸ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . s . ,
No to Corruption
Talaat Harb Street
Downtown
photo: Sarah Carr
Leave
Fell the System
Teneen
Talaat Harb Street,
Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
· -
. , . , ∑ , . . ¸ . ¸ _ . . . . . , . · . ∏ , . .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
’ Ÿ , . , ∑ · - . . . · . . ¸ · ·
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . s . ,
No Mubarak
30 Years of Theft
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Sarah Carr
Mubarak You Set Your
Convicts On Us
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
· -
- -
February 2011
February 1
Tahrir Square overflows with demonstrators calling for
Mubarak's resignation in the biggest million-strong
protest yet.
In his speech, Mubarak asks the people to choose
between chaos and stability. He refuses to leave
immediately, but promises a peaceful transition of
power and declares that he does not intend to stand
for another term in office. He asks parliament to
discuss articles 76 and 77 of the constitution, pledges
an inquiry into the causes of the recent security lapse,
and declares that he was born and shall die on
Egyptian soil. The revolution rejects Mubarak's speech
and demands his immediate departure.
US special envoy Frank Wisner meets with Mubarak.
Google develops a voice-to-tweet service to help
Egyptians circumvent internet shutdowns.
February 2
Crowds gather in Tahrir Square for the ninth
consecutive day in response to calls for another million-
strong march to reject Mubarak's speech.
Pro-Mubarak groups appear for the first time since the
outbreak of the revolution in Mustafa Mahmoud
Square in Mohandiseen to demand a return to stability
and to rouse support for the President following his
recent speech. They are joined by a number of artists,
media personalities and footballers.
Hundreds of regime thugs brandishing swords, canes
and bayonets enter Tahrir square on horseback and
camelback to attack the revolutionaries. The army do
not intervene. Demonstrators capture the horses and
camels and repel the attackers to the edges of the
square, where the two sides pelt each other with rocks
in back-and-forth clashes which last until the following
morning. The centre of the square is transformed into
a field hospital packed with casualties. Later on,
Mubarak supporters positioned on the rooftops of
buildings surrounding the square hurl Molotov
cocktails and chunks of cement onto protestors, and
the Egyptian Museum building is also damaged.
Independent revolutionaries and Salafis fight in the
front lines to defend the square with their lives, later
joined by the Ultras then Muslim Brotherhood youth.
The military, claiming neutrality, refuse to intervene,
yet fire into the air to break up demonstrations.
Protestors insist the army permitted the armed thugs to
enter the square and that the attackers were police in
. -
· , , ¸ · · · ·
· · , , ¸
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ˘ , † ¸ . ˘ . Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ ‘ s , · . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ ƒ ˘ , ˘ · . ’¸ . ˘ , ˘ . ,
. . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ . ∏ ≈ . ¸ . , π
. . ƒ ¸ . ¸ . , ∏ . . , · . . . . . . · ¸ . . . ¸ . · . ∏ , . . ¸ . . ¸ , . . ,
. . . . . Ω ’ . . s . . , , · . . . . . , ƒ . , . . . . _
‘ . . . . · . . , . , ∑ , ¸ · † ¸ . ¸ . , π . . ƒ , … . , , ≤ ƒ ∫ . ∏ ≈ . . . . . ,
, ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , . _ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ˘ ≈ . , · ’ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ , . . , s ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ ˘ . . _ ’ ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ . ∫
. . . ∏ . ¸ . ∏ . . ∏ . · , . . Ω , . · . ¸ . . _ . ƒ ’ , · . . , . . . , s ∏ ∞ . , Ÿ . ,
. . . · . . · . . , π Ÿ . . _ · · , · · . ¸ . . . . . ƒ , . , . , . . . . . . ≤ , ≥ ‘
. . . , Ÿ . . . , , _ ‘ . . . · . . ¸ ¸ ’ . . ¸ . , · . . . ¸ , . . , . ƒ ¸ ‘ . . . ¸
. . ƒ , . ¸ · † ¸ . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . . , · . . . ¸ . , π · ƒ ,
· ¸ ∂ , , ¸ ¸ . Ÿ , . ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ , s ¸ . , ∏ . ≤ ¸ . . . , ≤ · . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑
. ƒ . π . ƒ , . . . · · s ∏ , ¸ ¸ ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ . π Ÿ . . ¸ , _
· · , , ¸
◊ . . ˘ ƒ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ™ ‘ . ˘ , ˘ . , . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ ƒ Ω . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ ™ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ ‹
. . . . . . · . . . ƒ ¸ · Ÿ . . , . Ÿ ∏ , ƒ , · . , , · † . . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑
. ˘ ˘ ¸ , _ › . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ƒ· , ˘ ˘ . . Ÿ , ˘ ˘ . , ∑ ‘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ≈ fi . ˘ ˘ ƒ .
. . Ÿ , . . . . _ ’ , ∫ . ¸ . . . . . ’ ¸ . . ƒ , . . . . . . . · ’ . . . ≤ ¸ , .
, · . . , . . ¸ · , . ¸ . . . . . . _ . ™ . . . . · ’ . , , . . . , s , , . . . . ¸
. . . . _ , ’¸ . · . , _ , ’ . , ¸ s ¸ . . ≤ . Ω
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . Ω . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . . ˘ , ˘ ƒ . . , ˘ ƒ ∫ , . . ˘ . ∫ , . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , ,
. . . , ƒ . , . . . . ¸ , . . . . _ , . . ∏ ƒ , ¸ ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ ≈ . _ · ƒ ¸
. , . ¸ , , . . . , , . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ , . . , ¸ , . . s . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . , , . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈
. , ƒ . , , , . . . . , , . , , . . , ¸ ¸ . . , . Ÿ , . , . , . . . ∑ , ¸ . . ≥ . . ¸ · . ,
. . ◊ . . , . ‘ . . . , ∑ s ¸ , · ¸ . . . . ¸ ¸ . . ≈ . . , . ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . ‹ . , – ƒ ∫
· ∏ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ ¸ ¸ . . . . . . . ≈ . , . ¸ , . _ . . . ¸ . ≈ . , , . ≈ . ƒ· , . ,
. , . , ∑ ‘ , · . ’ . ≥ . . ≤ . . . π · . ƒ . ƒ ƒ . . , · . ™ . ¸ ’ . . . . . . ∏ ≈
Ÿ . . . . . _ . ¸ . . . _ . , . . , . ¸ . . , , . . . . ¸ . . † . , . . , . ≈ Ÿ . . ∞
civilian clothing, publishing photos of confiscated police
IDs and NDP membership cards on YouTube.
Health sources announce eleven dead and 1500
injured in the day's battle, many of whom remain in a
critical condition.
Subsequent investigations reveal the involvement of
senior regime figures, NDP members and businessmen
in the day's attacks on the revolutionaries, and the
event comes to be known as the 'Battle of the Camel’.
Egyptian Foreign Ministry statement rejects US and
European calls for immediate political transition.
February 3
Early in the morning, heavy sniper fire from the
direction of Abdel Moneim Riyad Square kills at least
five demonstrators in Tahrir Square, and renewed
clashes break out in the surrounding area.
Attorney General Abdel Meguid Mahmoud places a
travel ban and freezes the bank accounts of Ahmed
Ezz of the ruling National Democratic Party, former
Interior Minister Habib al-Adly, former Tourism Minister
Zuheir Garana, Housing Minister Ahmad al-Maghribi,
and a number of other regime figures.
Four thousand take to the streets in Suez to demand
Mubarak's resignation.
Fifteen are killed and 150 injured by police forces in
Damanhur prison, where prisoners are evacuated and
then fired upon as they reach the doors of the prison.
Police storm Hisham Mubarak Law Centre, a human
rights NGO, and arrest all those present.
February 4
The second million-strong demonstration to demand
the regime's resignation takes place in Tahrir Square on
what revolutionaries dub the 'Friday of Departure'. In
an unprecedented scene, Muslim worshippers perform
their Friday prayers protected by Christians and non-
religious fellow demonstrators.
Rachid Mohamed Rachid, Minister of Foreign Trade
and Industry, is banned from leaving the country.
Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik rules out the possibility
of Mubarak stepping down or handing over to his vice-
president Omar Suleiman, and claims that it is crucial
for both security and legislative reasons that the
president remain in office.
Obama calls upon Mubarak to “do the right thing”.
February 5
Huge demonstrations continue in Cairo and other cities.
The regime announces the resignation of Gamal
Mubarak and Safwat El-Sherif from the NDP executive
· -
Ÿ . . ¸ … s . , . . ƒ , . . , . . . . _ ¸ ¸ . . , . . ¸ , . . . ∏ . , ƒ , . . . . · . ¸
’ , ∫ . , † . , . , , , . . , . ¸ ’ . ¸ . ¸ . , † . , . . , . ¸ ’ . ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . _ . , · , . · . ƒ . . . . . . . · . ¸ Ÿ , . , · ƒ ¸ . , . ¸ , · † . .
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ π . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ . ◊ , ˘ . . . , . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≤ . . ˘ . ˘ . , ‘ . ˘ , ˘ ƒ . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ≥
Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , ≤ ƒ ∫ . . ƒ , , Ÿ , . . . _ s . ƒ . ¸ · ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ . · . · . . ¸
. . , · . , , . . . ¸ , , . ∏ ≈ . ƒ · ™ , ƒ , ƒ ¸ . . ƒ , . , ƒ , . ¸ . . ¸ . · , . . . · . ¸
. . . · . ∏ . ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ . . ƒ . , ¸ . ¸ Ÿ . . . , ¸ . , , . . . . , , . ∏ ≈ ,
. , . ¸ . . . _ ’ ’ . . , ∏ . . , · . . . ƒ ∫ Ÿ , . ,
. ∏ . . . . . . . , . . . , · , · · . . , , . . . ≤ . ƒ , , s ¸ . ¸ · · - · · .
. . , , ƒ ‘ ’ . . . , . s . ¸ s . , . s . , , , . . , , ‘ . . ’ ¸ . ¸ . · .
, s . . . . . . . ≤ , ≤ . ¸ · , . . . . . ƒ , • · , . . ¸ s , ¸ ‘ . . Ω . , . , ∑
, . † . . . . . ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ , , . . ∫ . . . ∫ ‘ ’ . . . . . ∏ ≈ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
, . ¸ . . . ∂ . . . . , · . ƒ · . · . . π .
, , , . . . , . , · Ÿ . . ¸ , · ‘ . , . , . , . ¸ · † ¸ . . . ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ , s , ·
, ’ , , , . , · ¸ ¸ . . . ’ . ≤ . ∫ . . . , . . . ¸ · ƒ ,
- · , , ¸
‘ . . . ¸ . ¸ . · ¸ . , s . , ∞ . ¸ · . . . . · . ƒ ∫ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . ¸
. . , · . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . , . . . . . . · . ƒ , . ∏ ≈
’ · π . , Œ . . ’ . . . , . s . ¸ ‘ fi , . Ÿ , . ,
. . . · . . . . Ω . , . . , . fi . ƒ . , . . . , · ¸ ,

. . ™ . . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . _
. . . . , , . . . . . ≥ ‘ ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ . , , , , ¸ . . . ∏ , · . . . . . ≥ . , , .
. . . . ‹ . , , , , ¸ . . . , . . · . . . . . ≥ , . , . ¸ · . , , , , ¸ ’¸ . . s . , . . .
Ÿ . ¸ . ¸ , . . . ‘ . ≤ ¸ , Œ . , . . . . . . . , , Ÿ . . ¸ · , · .
, . . · ’ . . . . . ¸ ‘ . . . , . ‘ . . . ƒ , . ¸ Ÿ . . . , · . , . , ∑ . . . . . . ¸
- · . . , , . , · - · . ¸ , . . . ∏ ≈ , . · ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ ‘ . . ¸ . . . ¸
. . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ ˘ , . . ˘ ˘ ∏ . · ˘ ˘ ƒ ¸ ’ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . Ω Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ . . _ .
· . ƒ . , ƒ ¸ ¸ ’ . ƒ ¸ . , . . . . , . .¸ . · ¸ . , s . , ∞
· . . . Ω . ¸ s ¸ . . . . Ω . , . , ∑ . ∏ ≤ . ƒ , , . . ≤ . ∫ s π Ÿ . ƒ . . , ¸
. ˘ ˘ ¸ · ˘ ˘ , . ¸ ’ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ s ˘ ¸ , . ˘ . . ˘ . , ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ ∫ ˘ · s ˘ . , , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ . ∫ . . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ·
. . ’ . . ¸ , . , . ¸ . .
· -
committee and the appointment of Hossam Badrawi as
secretary general.
Former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and three of his
aides are placed under house arrest.
The Egypt-Jordan gas pipeline is blown up and Israel
decides to temporarily halt Egyptian gas imports. A
security source in North Sinai claims that foreign
elements were involved in planning the explosion.
The Ministry of Health announces that eleven people
have died since the first day of the revolution; UNESCO
says the death toll throughout the country may be as
high as 300, whilst Reuters reports that it has counted
150 dead in Cairo, Alexandria and Suez alone.
Economists value the Mubarak family's wealth at
approximately 70 billion US dollars, most of which is
concentrated in British and Swiss bank accounts and
property in London, New York and Los Angeles.
A number of traditional opposition groups, including
the Muslim Brotherhood and various independent
figures, attend a national dialogue meeting with vice-
president Omar Suleiman in which it is agreed that a
committee for constitutional reform is to be formed
within months. Suleiman also agrees to work towards
ending emergency law, to form a national follow-up
committee to implement reforms, to lift restrictions on
the media and communication, and to pursue those
accused of corruption.
Revolutionaries reject the dialogue with Suleiman.
Omar Suleiman rejects calls by young revolutionaries
for Mubarak to transfer power to his vice-president.
Banks reopen after a week's closure.
Prayers for the martyrs are performed in Tahrir Square,
and Christians perform Sunday mass in the presence of
thousands of Muslims.
February 7
Demonstrators prevent the military from opening the
Tahrir Mugamma, an important administrative building
in the square.
The army announce that the curfew is to be reduced to
the new hours of 8pm – 6am.
Wael Ghonim is released along with a number of other
prisoners, and later appears on Mona el-Shazly's talk
show '10pm'. His moving appearance evokes the
sympathy and support of many Egyptians.
The Public Prosecution Office begins investigating
claims of Interior Ministry involvement in the Saints'
Church explosion, whilst Habib al-Adly accuses senior
aides of bringing about the police meltdown.
Hosni Mubarak meets with the new government. In
· -
. · , , ¸
· . . . · . ¸ . , π . Ÿ ∏ , ƒ , · . . . , · ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ . . . . , · . .¸ . . ≤ . . •
. . . . Ω . . ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , . . · . . . . · , . . . . , . . . , . ¸ Ÿ . . , . ¸ , . ,
Ÿ . . , ¸ ‘ . . . , . , . . ¸ ’ , ∫ . ¸ .
. . ™ , . . , . fi . . , . . , . , , , ¸ . . . . , . , . . . . . . · . . . . . ≥ . ¸ . . . . ¸
, · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . . . . . . . , ≥ , . . . , . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . ∏ , , . . ∏ . . ·
. . . · , · . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , , , ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ , . ≤ . . . , . , ∑ , · , . . . . . , Ÿ . . ¸ , . , ,
. ¸ . . . . , · . . . . ¸ , . , ·
. ¸ · , . ¸ , . . . . , . . ƒ . , . , ∑ , · , . . π . . . _ .
- · , , ¸
. . . . ¸ , Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ ◊ . . . . . ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , Ÿ . , Ÿ . . ¸ , ·
. . . . Ω , . ∏ ¸ . . . ≤ . . · . . . ∫ . , . , ∑ , . . . ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . , . ·
. s . . ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ , . , _ . . . . Ω . . , , … . , . . . . . . . ∏ . ¸ ¸
, . . ™ , , , ¸ . . . ∏ , · . . . . . ≥ . , , . . . . . ‹ . ™ - . ¸ · , . . · – .
’¸ · . . · . , , ·
. . . , , . . . , . . , ƒ . . . ∏ . . . , . _ . . . ¸ , ’ , . , . , ¸ . . ¸ · , π ≤ ¸ ,
, · . . . ƒ· · . . . ∏ ƒ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . , Ÿ . . ¸ … , . . . . , . . ¸ ‘ . . . . ∫
. . , . . . , ƒ· s . ƒ , • . . . . . ¸ . . , , · ‘ . . . . ,
, , , . . . . ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ · Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ ˘ · ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ π . ˘ ˘ ˘ . . . . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ‘
’ . . . , . s . ¸ . . . . , ƒ Ω ’ , ∫ . ∏ . ƒ , . . , . , ƒ , . . s ƒ ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ , . . .
. ≤ . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ ∫ . , · . , . . , . . π ¸ ¸ · · - . , , , , ¸ , – . . ¸ · - ·
. . , , . . . . _ . ≤ . . ¸ . , ’¸ . . s . . , , · , . . . ƒ , . ¸ · ≤ .
. , . · . . . . . , ƒ , , ≤ . , , , . ¸ , . . . · ∏ · . ¸ · , . ¸ . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ . . . ƒ
· · . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . , ’ , . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ s ˘ ¸ . ¸ s ˘ ¸ . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . ‘ , . . ˘ . . ‘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ ∑
. ¸ , . . , · , . . ƒ , . . ¸ , · , . ≤ . , ¸ ‘ . . . , , , ƒ , ƒ , ∑ , . ƒ . ¸ ‚ ∏ ƒ . ¸
· · , , ¸
. ˘ ˘ . † ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ¸ Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . , . . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . , ˘ · , . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ · ’¸ . ˘ ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . _ , . . † ¸ Ÿ . . . ≤ ∏ _ Œ ¸ … . ƒ , . ™ . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , . · .
. ˘ ˘ ¸ · ˘ ˘ , . ¸ ” · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ · ˘ ≥ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . . ˘ s ˘ , ˘ π . . ˘ · ’¸ . ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ · ¸
. . . . ƒ , , · ‘ . † . ƒ , . . , ƒ , . , . . . π . ∏ ≈ ¸ , . . . . . · . . ƒ , _
· -
attendance are Vice-President Omar Suleiman, Prime
Minister Ahmed Shafik, Speaker of the People's
Assembly Fathi Sorour, Speaker of the Shoura Council
Safwat El-Sherif, and Field Marshal Tantawi, Minister of
Defence and Military Production.
The Court of Cassation distributes electoral appeals
against members of parliament for quick consideration.
President of the Court Serry Siyam says there are 1527
appeals spread over 195 electoral districts.
February 8
The second million-strong march of the 'Week of
Steadfastness' takes place, and governmental
institutions grind to a halt as thousands demonstrate in
front of the People's Assembly and Shoura Council
buildings and the Prime Minister's office.
Protestors set fire to the governorate building in Port
Said amid demonstrations by Suez Canal workers.
Strikes and sit-ins take place in numerous institutions,
including Rose al-Yousef newspaper and Egyptian
television broadcasters.
Omar Suleiman announces that steps are being taken
towards constitutional reform and warns of the
possibility of a coup.
The UN Secretary General says that a peaceful
transition of power through genuine dialogue is the
only way to end the crisis.
February 9
Demonstrations continue around Egypt.
Labour protests are on the rise. Thousands blockade
the governorate building in Kafr el-Sheikh, whilst oil
refinery workers go on strike demanding the
resignation of Petroleum Minister Sameh Fahmy. The
Ministry of Manpower is set alight, and uncontracted
Red Cross workers in Ramses, Cairo, block a main
street to protest the administration's refusal to
regularise their status after twenty years of work. The
strikers are joined by workers from workshops in Bulaq
and Kom Abu Radi, the Cairo Drinking Water and
Sanitation Company, Cairo Cleaning and Beautification
Agency and the Egyptian postal service.
Journalists at the Press Syndicate plan a vote of no
confidence in syndicate chief Makram Mohamed
Ahmed, who is close to the regime. Tensions come to a
head and Ahmed is thrown out of the union's offices.
At Al-Ahram newspaper, young journalists publish the
first edition of the supplement 'Tahrir Youth' in defiance
of the editorial board's anti-revolutionary stance.
Tens die at the hands of the authorities at Qata Prison,
· .
, . . s , π . . · , . . , · . ∏ . . . . . · , . . . . , . , – ¸ , ¸ , . . . · π ’¸ . · Ω
, ’ . . . ’ ¸ , . · . ≤ · Ÿ . , . _ ‘ · † . . , . . . . . . .
. . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . , ¸ · † . ƒ , ◊ ƒ , . ™ . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , . , , . ∏ . ƒ , . . s , π
· . · . . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , .
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ . , , ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ≈ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . , , . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ∞
, . ¸ , ¸ . , , ¸ · † ¸ . . ∏ . , , . ∏ ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸ . ƒ , † ¸ . . · . , . · . . . · , ·
¸ . . . . · . _ . , . ƒ ∑ . . . ¸ . · ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , ƒ . .
. . · . . . . · . ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ ≈ , , ¸ · . . . , . . . . , . ¸
Ÿ . . , . , ƒ , · · . . ¸ ’ . . . . . † . ƒ , ’ ’ . . ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . _
· · , , ¸
Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , , . . ƒ , . , . ¸ . ¸ · . _ › . ™ . . . ¸ , ¸
¸ . · , . , . ¸ . ¸ ≤ . . , · ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ƒ ∫ . , . . , _ . ¸ . . . . . ·
. . . . . · . . . . .

¸ ¸ . . . . . · . . . . . . . · . . , . . .
’¸ · ˘ ˘ ¸ _ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , · ˘ ˘ π . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ , , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ƒ , √ . ˘ ™ . ˘ . ˘ ≈ . . . ˘ . . ‹ ‘ . ˘ ¸ ˘ . . ˘ _
. . . . . ¸ . . . . . . . , . , . . . ∞ . . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … , , . . . . ¸ , , . . ƒ ,
. . . . . , . . · Ÿ . . ¸ , · . . . . . ≤ , ≥ ‘ . ¸ . , . . . ƒ· , . , · , , , . . . . ∏ , ·
. ˘ ˘ ¸ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , s ˘ ˘ . ˘ , . . ˘ · . ˘ ≤ ˘ . , . . _ . , . ˘ . ˘ . . ‹ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ , s ˘ , ˘ . , . . . ˘ . . ˘ . , ˘ ·
. . . . . . , . ‘ , , . , . . . ¸ . ·
. . . . ≈ . , . , ∑ , . . . ™ . . ◊ s ƒ . · . . , . . . . † . ¸ ’ . . . . ¸ . · , · . . ¸
. . ∏ , . . , , . . ¸ , ≥ . . . . . . , ≥ , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . , · . . ¸ . . ¸ , , , · , . ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . . . . . , . . . ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ , ∞ , · , . ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . ƒ , ¸ , Ÿ . . ,
. . . _ . . . . , … , , , ¸ . . · . ¸ , ’¸ . . _ ◊ ¸ . ¸
, , . . fi s . · . . ≤ † ¸ . . . ƒ , ’ . . . . , · Ÿ ≤ . . · . . . . † . . .
› ∏ . ¸ . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . , · ¸ . s . · . . . ¸ . · . , . · , , . . , , · , . ¸
. s . · Ÿ . . . . . . , . . ¸ … . . , . Ω , ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ , . . . ƒ , . ∏ ≈ ’ . . . . . ¸
. , Ÿ . , · . . . . . · · - · . . . . . ƒ , . · . ∏ ≈ - · · . · ¸ . . . . . , ·
· · , , ¸
Ÿ ∏ , ƒ , · . . . , · ‘ · . . , ƒ ¸ . . . . ƒ . . . . ƒ , , . . ∏ ƒ , . . . , ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
, , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , ’ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . Ω · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . , , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ ˘ ƒ ∫ . † . ˘ ˘ . . › ∏ . . ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . .
, . . . ƒ , ¸ . , , . ∏ ≤ ƒ , . ≤ ¸ , · . . . · . ƒ , , . . . Ω . † . . . . ƒ , , . . . , . .
· .
Giza, in circumstances similar to those at Damanhur.
February 10
Demonstrations for Mubarak's resignation continue.
The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces issues its
first communiqué in the absence of its president,
Mubarak.
CIA Director Leon Panetta speaks of a strong likelihood
that Mubarak will step down within hours, and
Hossam Badrawi, NDP Secretary General, says he
expects the president to respond to demonstrators'
demands before Friday, whilst Ahmed Shafik tells the
BBC that Mubarak may soon stand aside.
Mubarak delivers his third speech and astonishes
audiences by refusing to resign; instead, he transfers
power to his vice-president Omar Suleiman.
The revolutionaries in Tahrir Square raise their shoes in
the air in disgust at Mubarak's speech, and chant
“Down with Mubarak” and “Get out!”. ElBaradei
warns that the country is on the verge of 'exploding'
and calls upon the army to intervene.
In his first speech following the transfer of powers,
Omar Suleiman tells citizens to take no notice of
elements intent upon sabotage and chaos, urging
them to return to their homes, and pledges to
implement the steps agreed upon as part of the
national dialogue.
Demonstrators reject his speech and chant “We're not
leaving... It's him that has to leave” and
“Illegitimate!”.
Protests reach the Palace of the Republic and the
broadcasting and television building.
Statements from the field hospital say that incidences
of hysteria increased noticeably since the speech,
henceforth known as the 'non-resignation speech'.
General Saad Eddin el-Shazly, military chief of staff
during the October War, passes away. El-Shazly had
been marginalised throughout the Mubarak era.
February 11
On the 'Friday of the Advance', millions across the
country march on the Presidential Palace.
In SCAF's second communiqué, Mohsen El-Fangary
promises that the state of emergency will be lifted and
presidential elections held.
At six in the evening, Omar Suleiman announces that
Mubarak has handed all powers to the Supreme
Council of the Armed Forces.
General El-Fangary thanks Mubarak and performs a
military salute to the martyrs.
- .
¸ . ¸ ¸ . , . ≈ fi . · . · . ƒ , . . . , . , , . . . ¸ . . . . ¸ ¸ . . . . ∫ · . . . . . . ƒ , . ¸
¸ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ¸ , . ˘ . . . ˘ . . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ Ÿ ƒ· . . . . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . , , , . ˘ , ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ∞
, . . ∏ . ¸ , ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ …
. . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , , . ∏ ¸ . . ƒ ¸ ¸ . . · . , · ‘ . . . . . ƒ , . , , . . , . ¸
≤ · ¸ . . . s ¸ …
’ . _ . . . Ω . · , Ÿ . . . . , ≤ ƒ ∫ ’ . . . ¸ . ≤ . ∫ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . _ . ∏ . . ∏ . ·
· · , , ¸
. . . . ¸ , Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ ‘ Ÿ , . . , ¸ , Ÿ . . . ≥ ◊ , ƒ , · . . . . · . . ¸
, . . ¸ . . . Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ . . . ƒ , · . . , . . . . . ¸ ’ ’ . . ≤ ¸ fi . · . ·
s ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , . ˘ ¸ · ˘ ƒ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ · . s ˘ . . ∂ . . ˘ π . ˘ . ˘ . ∫
Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ™ . ˘ ˘ , ¸ , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · ‘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , , . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ , ˘ , , , · † . ˘ , ˘ ,
’ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ _ · ˘ ˘ , ˘ . ˘ ¸ , , , ˘ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ¸ , ∫ . , · ˘ . ˘ ™ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ , ˘ · ∫
’ . . ¸ ‘ , . . . , . ¸ . . . . , ¸ fi . . _ . ∏ ≈ . . Ω . , , . , , , . ,
. . ∏ , , Ÿ . . . . . , , . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . , . . . , ∑ ‘ ’¸ . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∫
, , . ¸ . ƒ ’ ¸ , , , . ¸ s ƒ Ω . ƒ , . . ¸ , . . . ∫ . . ¸ s · . , . √ . . . ¸ ¸
, . . . ¸ . . . . . ¸ . . . ≤ . . ¸ . , . , . · . . . . · · , . . . ∫ . , , .
. . . ¸ . . ¸ ‘ ≤ . . · . . . . . , _ . . . . . . . ≤ · . ¸ . . ≤ , . . s ¸ Ω
fi . . . . . . . . , . . ƒ · . · Ÿ ƒ . , · . ∏ . . . Ω , . . ƒ . · . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ , . .
, . ¸ . √ . ¸ . ≤ ¸ . . ≤ . . · . , ‘ . . . , . · ’ . ¸ Ω . . . , . . . , . ¸ . ¸
. . . . . , _ . . . . ’ , ∫ . ¸ . ∏ . ≥ · . . , . ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . , , ¸ . ¸
, · † . , , . . . , . . . · ¸ . , . . . . ¸ , ¸ Ÿ . . . † . · . ∏ . ƒ , .
. . . ¸ ¸ . . . . ¸ ¸ . ¸ Ÿ . . . . _ . ∏ ≈ , . ¸ . , . . . . ¸ . ≤ . . . . . , ¸ .
‘ . . ¸ . . , , , · . . . . ¸ . . . , ƒ ,
· · · , , ¸
ƒ . . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . . , · . ¸ . , π . , . , ∑
. , , . , ’ , ∫ . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ ’ . ∏ ≈ . ∏ ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . · ‘ . , . ¸ · . · . √
’ . ∏ ≈ . ¸ · , . ¸ . , . , ∑
. . , ¸ , s . . · ı . . ¸ ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ , · ’ . ¸ , s , · , . . . . Ω . . , , … ’ . _
. . . Ω . ∏ . ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ . . , ≤ ¸ . ¸ , . . . . . . , ≥ , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , .
, . ∏ . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . ∫ . . ¸ . , . , ∑
· .
There is joy and dancing in the streets until the
morning. Sexual harassment returns to Tahrir Square.
February 12
The country celebrates, and the Tahrir protestors begin
to clean up after the long sit-in. Al-Ahram’s headline
reads: 'The people have toppled the regime'.
February 13
The Military Council announce that parliament is
dissolved, that Ahmed Shafik's government and all
regional governors remain in place, and that all
international agreements will be adhered to.
Members of the police demonstrate for better wages
and an end to accusations of violence and torture.
February 14
Field Marshal Tantawi appoints a committee headed by
Judge Tarek El-Bishry to draft constitutional amendments
within ten days. The make-up of the committee is clearly
biased towards the Muslim Brotherhood.
Representatives of the revolutionaries meet with the
SCAF for the first time, demanding the dissolution of
the NDP and the formation of a new government.
February 15
The Muslim Brotherhood announce their intention to
form a political party.
February 16
Mohamed ElBaradei cautions against haste and calls
for a presidential council to be formed.
February 17
Habib al-Adly, Ahmad al-Maghribi, Zuheir Garana and
Ahmed Ezz are arrested.
Amnesty International releases its first statement
concerning the use of torture in military prisons.
February 18
Millions gather in Tahrir Square to celebrate the 'Friday
of Victory'.
February 19
Mohamed Hassanein Heikal warns of a counter-
revolution led by Mubarak from Sharm el-Sheikh.
Human rights organisations reveal that the number of
dead has exceeded 800, and that the authorities are
making no efforts to document the killings or perform
postmortems to investigate the causes of death.
February 21
Three members of the Military Council appear on
national television to refute Heikal's warning.
February 23
Witnesses come forward to El Nadim Centre for the
- .
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ . , ∑ , ˘ ƒ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . . . , , ˘ . . . . . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ , ˘ ™ . ˘ ¸ · † ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸
, , . ƒ . ¸ . . ∏ . . · . . . · , · . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . ,
. . ƒ , ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , ¸ · . ƒ , ’ . . , · . ¸ . . . . ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸
. , . , ∑ . , . . . . , . . . . . ¸ . . . ƒ · , . . ≤ . , . . ≤ . . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ . ,
· , . π . . , . . , . , . . ¸ . ¸ , . , · . . ∏ ≈ , . . ∂ . . . , , . ∏ ≈
. , . ¸ , , . . . π
. . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , , ƒ . · s ∏ . · . ≤ . . ƒ , † . · . . ∏ . . ¸ , · , . ¸ . . , ƒ , , · , . . . .
Ÿ ƒ . ˘ ˘ . _ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω ’¸ . . ˘ ˘ . ¸ ’ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ≈ , . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . .
. . , . , . , . , , . . , . . . . . , . . . ” . . ƒ · ≥ . ∏ , · ‘ ◊ ƒ , . ƒ . . ¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ,
, ¸ · † . ƒ , . . . . · , , , . . ƒ , · . . ¸ . . . . . ¸ . ƒ , . . ¸ . , · . . . π .
, . . ƒ ∫ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ ≤ . . ¸ . . , ƒ , … , . , . ≈ ’¸ . . · , . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ ,
≤ . , , ¸ Ÿ . . . . . . ≈ Ÿ , . ¸ . s ¸ , . . ’ ¸ . , , . . . , , . ¸ , . ¸ . . . s π
. ∏ . ƒ . . . . . . . ¸ . . … . ∏ ≥ . ∏ , · · . . . ¸ . . Ω . . . . ¸ .
, · . . . . ¸ , ≥ . . . . . . , ¸ . . . . . ‹ . , · , . ¸ , s . , . ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . · ¸ . . ,
. ¸ ¸ - · · · . , . . … . . ≈ . . , . , . ¸ , . . . ≈ . ƒ ∫ . s , . , . , ∑
· · · , , ¸
‘ · . . . · . ¸ . ∞ . Ÿ · , _ ‘ . . . . , · . ¸ . ∞ . ∏ ≈ · . . ƒ , . ¸ · . . . ·
‘ . , , . , , · , · . . ∏ ƒ . fi . . ¸ . . . . ¸ … , . . , . . ¸ · ™ . . . · . . ƒ , _
, ¸ · . . · . . . . . ¸ , · . . . , ·
‘ . . . . . . . · . . . . . . , . ∏ ¸ . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , . ∏ ¸ . , . , ∑ . ¸ . . . ∏ . ·
, . . ∏ , . , . . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ ’ . ∏ ≈ . ∏ ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . ·
‘ . , , . , , · , - . . ∏ ƒ . . . . . ¸ … , . . s ¸ . , . , ∑ . , , ƒ· . … . . . , ·
. . . . s ¸ , · . ∏ . . , . .
· ¸ . · . . , . · , , · . ¸ ‘ . . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . ≈ . . . , . ¸ . , . ƒ . . . . . ¸ . ¸
. . . . ¸ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
· · · , , ¸
’ . . . . ’ ¸ . , . . . ¸ . , Ÿ . . . . . ƒ , , , . , , ‘ . . , ∞ Ÿ , . ,
. . . . , . ’ . ¸ Ω . . . . . . . ≤ . . . . . Ω
- · · , , ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ ™ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ¸ · ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ π . , Ÿ . , , ’ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ Ω
. .
Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence and Torture with
testimonies of a mass grave in Hykestep Military Base
containing the bodies of 17 martyrs who were killed
during an attempt to transfer them to al-Wadi al-
Gadeed prison camp.
February 24
Former Information Minister Anas Fikki and Osama el-
Sheikh, chairman of the Radio and Television Union,
are arrested on corruption charges.
February 25
Demonstrators return to Tahrir Square to demand that
the government be dissolved. For the first time, the
army clearly and unmistakably uses violence to
disperse a sit-in in front of the cabinet building. Still,
protestors return to Tahrir Square the following
morning for another sit-in. The army subsequently
apologises for its use of force in an statement entitled
'Our good name permits us this misdemeanour'.
Amr al-Beheiri is arrested and transferred to a military
tribunal, giving rise to the formation of one of the first
post-revolutionary political pressure groups, 'No to
Military Trials'. A host of other groups come into being
throughout the following month, their aims ranging
from documentation to political propaganda to
mobilisation of the masses, most significantly Mosireen
and the Union of Progressive Revolutionary Youth.
February 26
The Military Council publishes a document containing
eleven constitutional amendments to be put to a
referendum. The amendments lay out the conditions
of candidacy for presidential elections, and give the
next parliament the right to appoint the committee
charged with drafting a new constitution.
The Supreme Administrative Court upholds an
administrative ruling issued in October 2010 ordering
the Interior Ministry's special university police units to
leave campuses. The Ministry of Education decides to
replace them with privately-hired civilian guards.
February 27
Amr Moussa announces his intention to stand for the
presidency.
February 28
The Attorney General freezes the Mubarak family’s
bank accounts and properties, and places them under
a travel ban. Estimates in the press place the family's
wealth at 70 billion dollars.
· .
. ˘ ˘ . Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · , , ˘ ˘ . ˘ π . ˘ s ˘ ƒ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ≥ . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ≥
, . . · . ƒ , ‘ . ¸ s ¸ . ,
. . . ¸ ’ · ¸ . . . . ¸ . · . . . . . _ ’ . ƒ , , , · . , , . ¸ , , . . . ∞ , . . . . , .
. · · , , ¸
Ÿ . . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , … , ˘ ˘ . _ Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . , ¸ . ˘ ˘ , . . ˘ ˘ ¸ … , · ˘ ˘ , . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ·
. . . . , · ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , · . ∏ ≈ , . ∏ . , . . · ∫ . . . ¸ . , . Ω . . s , π
. ∏ . . · , . . . , . ƒ . . ƒ ¸ . · . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _
. . . . ¸ . . ƒ , , . ∏ . . ƒ , ’ , ∫ . ¸ . . ™ . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . . . , _
. . π ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ , . . s , π . s ƒ . · . . , . .
- · · , , ¸
’ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , . ∏ . ƒ , . . . . . . . , . . s , π . ¸ ¸
· · · , , ¸
fi . . . , . . ¸ , . . , . ¸ . . . ¸ . · , , . . ƒ ¸ ¸ › ∏ . ¸ , · . . . ¸
· · · , , ¸
. . ≤ . ∫ . , , . . . . . ‹ , . . . Ÿ . ¸ . ¸ , , . , . ¸ · , . . . . ¸
, ∫ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ . , . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ ¸ ˘ . ˘ . , . Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ∏ _ ‘
. . . . ƒ , ◊ ¸ . , ·
· · · , , ¸
Ÿ · , _ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . · . . . . ∫ · , . . . . . ¸ . . . . · . . . . ¸
· · · , , ¸
fi . . . . . . _ . , s π , . . , . ¸ . ƒ , . . † . . . . , ≤ ƒ . . . . , . , ∑ . ¸
. . ¸ Ω . . . , ¸
. . . . . ¸ . ≤ ƒ · , · s . . ∞ , . . . . . . , . . . . ≈ · · · , ,
. . . ∏ . . ¸ . , . . . . . . . ‘ ƒ . , ≥ . ≤ . π , . . ¸ , _ . . .
· · · , , ¸
. ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ¸ . † . ˘ . . . ∏ . ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ s ˘ ¸ … , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , , . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ¸ … . . . † ¸ – . , ¸ . , s π
- · · , , ¸
. . , . . ¸ , , . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ . . . _ . ¸ . ≤ , . . . . . , · . . . , . , s . . . . † . ,
. . . · · . . , , . · . ∏ ƒ . . . . fi . , . · ≤ ∏ , , ¸ ¸ . . . ≤ π . ƒ . … . . , .
· .
. . , ¸ . . ƒ . , · , . ¸ . ¸ · , π . . . ƒ ¸
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
I Want to See Another
President Before I Die
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
. · · , , ¸
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . ¸ . . ≤ ¸ , , , ¸ ’ . · Ω . . . . . ≥ , . . . . · . . . , ¸
, · , . ¸ ’ . . · , . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ , . . , . · . . . . . .
- · · , , ¸
Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , , , ˘ . ˘ ƒ . , , Ÿ , ˘ . , . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , · . .¸ . . ≤ . • ◊ s ƒ . · .
, . , . ¸ , . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∞ . ˘ . † ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ . Ω . ˘ . Ω › ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ƒ , , .
. ∏ . ¸ . ’ , ¸ . . . ƒ , . , . . . · . , . s ¸ . . ƒ , , . ƒ . , , ’ . . . . . Ω ‘
Ÿ , . , . . , . ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . ‹ . , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . , . ¸ . . . ∞
‘ . , . , . . . ƒ , · , , . . , . . . . , s , , . . . _ .
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . ¸ , . , . , ¸ … . , . ƒ , ∏ · . . . . s . · . . . s ¸ , · . , . . . .
. ∏ , · , . , s ƒ , ¸ . . . ƒ . · · ’ . ∏ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · . . . . . s π
, . ≈ . . . . . ¸ . † . . . . . . , . . . ¸ . . . . . ƒ , . . , , . , . , . . . . s , , ¸
. ¸ . . . . ƒ . . ¸ . . . s π · , . . . , ¸ , . , . ¸ · , ¸ , ¸ , . . , . ¸ . . . . ¸
. ˘ . · ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ , ˘ ≥ , . ˘ . . ˘ . , ˘ · . . . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · , . ˘ . . . ˘ . . ˘ · . . ¸
. . ƒ , , · . ¸ . . , . · . . . ¸ , ¸ . , · , . . · . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . . . ≤ . . ¸ .
· · · , , ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , . . ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ . † . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ¸ · · ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ · . . . . ƒ , , .
. ˘ ˘ · . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ · ¸ † . ˘ ™ . . ˘ ¸ , • . ¸ . . ˘ _ . ˘ ¸ · ˘ . . . ˘ ·
. . , ƒ , , · . , . . ¸ . , Ÿ . , . ≤ . . Ω . ≥ . . , . , . . . , · . . . . . , . . , ·
. ƒ . . ™ . . . . . ƒ ,
. s . · ’¸ . , , · . . ∏ , . ƒ· , . . s . . ¸ . , , . . . . , ‘ s . ƒ . ¸ · · · ·
. .¸ . . . . ◊ ¸ . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . . ™ . ƒ , , . . . . ∏ , · . , , , , . . . . ∏ , , ≤ ¸
. . . , . . · . . · ¸ . . ¸ . . · . ¸ Ÿ . , _
· · · , , ¸
. . ¸ , . ƒ . . ≈ , . ∏ ¸ , . · . ¸ . . _ . ¸ · . . . · . . , ƒ , , ·
· · · , , ¸
. . . · . . . . Ω , . . . . . . . . . ¸ , ‡ . ∏ s . ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . · ∏ . · , , . . , , . ¸
. . . . ¸ . , , . . . . . . , · . . . ¸ . ¸ . ¸ , . ≤ . , ¸ · · . ∏ , . , . , ’ ,
· .
· -
, . π
. ¸ . . , . · . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Leave
State Security HQ
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ¸ , ¸ . · , . . , ƒ ∑
. . . , ¸ . . , , , . . . . . . . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . s . ,
Al Jazeera Facebook
Mariette Pasha St.,
Downtown
photo: Sarah Carr
. , . . . _ · · . ∏ , . , . , ’ , ·
. ¸ . . , . · . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . , ¸ , . . . ≤ . • . . . . Ω
. ¸ . . , . · . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The People Want to
Overthrow the Regime
State Security HQ
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Where’d You Get $70 Billion?
State Security HQ
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
· -
. . · , ¸
. . . _
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . . ¸ ¸ ¸ . . . π ◊ ¸ , · . . . ∂
. . . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . ≤ ∏ . ¸
Don’t Look Down Freedom Is
in Front of You
Sad Panda
photo: Hashem el Kelesh
Get a Visa
Teneen
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. -
. . . ¸ . . ¸ ¸ . · . . . … . . ¸ , ∞
K H
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ s . . π
s . ¸ . ∏ ∂
. . . _
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Checkmate
Teneen
Mohamed Mahmoud Street,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
I’m Not Vandalising ... My
Intention Is Honourable
HK
Sheikh Rihan Street,
Downtown
photo: Omar Kamel
· -
. . , . . ¸
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ Ÿ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ƒ , . . . . . . ƒ ,
, . . . . , . ∏ ƒ ∫ . ≤ . , . ¸ . ƒ ¸ , s · ,
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ Ÿ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Revolution Scored a
Goal!
(Saad Zaghloul,
independence leader of
1919 revolution wearing star
footballer Abou Treika’s
jersey.)
Sad Panda
El Marghani, Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
Beware Danger
Sad Panda
El Marghani, Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
· -
March 2011
March 2
The date of the referendum on constitutional
amendments is set for March 19th.
March 3
Ahmed Shafik resigns as prime minister and is replaced
by Essam Sharaf.
March 4
On the 'Friday of Insistence', Essam Sharaf is sworn in
before the masses in Tahrir Square.
The discovery of a relationship between a Christian
man and a Muslim woman ignite sectarian tensions in
Atfeeh, Helwan governorate, where angry Muslim
youths set fire to Two Martyrs' Church.
Revolutionaries in Alexandria break into a State
Security building under a hail of live bullets to find
security officers destroying documents.
March 5
Demonstrators break into the main State Security
headquarters in Nasr City, Cairo. The Interior Minister's
private rooms are found to contain female clothes,
torture rooms, and documents establishing the
Ministry's involvement in numerous crimes against the
Egyptian people and violations of human rights.
March 6
The military and thugs use force to disperse a
demonstration in front of the Interior Ministry's State
Security building in Lazoghly, Cairo.
March 8
Thugs, Islamists and other men attack an International
Women's Day demonstration in Tahrir Square.
A Coptic demonstration in front of the Maspero
television building demands a single unified law
governing the construction of places of worship.
March 9
For the second time, the army uses force to disperse a
sit-in in Tahrir Square, and continues to try arrested
demonstrators before military courts, issuing verdicts
on 143 defendants. Female prisoners are subjected to
“virginity tests”.
The government issues a statement warning of a
counter-revolution and asks the populace to co-
operate with the police, who are to return to the
streets soon.
7 Christians and 6 Muslims die in clashes in Atfeeh.
March 10
Abboud and Tarek el-Zomor, convicted for the
· ·
. . , . ¸ · · · ·
· . . , . ¸
¸ . · , ’ . . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . , π . . . . . ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ … ‘ · · . . , . ¸
- . . , . ¸
. . . ≤ . . · . . . . . . , ≥ . ¸ . . . . . , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . , s ∏ , ∞ . . . . Ω . . ¸ .
. . . , . ¸
· . . . · ’¸ . . ¸ , . . . . . Ω . . ¸ . ‘ . . . ¸ , ¸ , ƒ· . … . ≤ . . , . . Ω
. . . . ,
. . . . . ¸ s . , . . · . . . , , . , ¸ . . . . , _ fi . · . · . ∏ ƒ ,
. ƒ , ’¸ . . s . . , , · , ≤ . . . ƒ , . , . ≈ . , . , . ¸ . . , . · – . , . π . ¸
. ¸ . . . . ¸ ◊ ¸ . , . . , · ¸ . ’ . ¸ , . . ¸ , , Ÿ . . . . . ¸
- . . , . ¸
, ≤ . . , Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , Ÿ ≤ ¸ . ¸ · , . . ¸ . , . , . ¸ . . , . · ‘ . . , . · . . ¸
. . . ≤ . . ¸ . s . . . . . . . ¸ ¸ . . . . . , · . ƒ , , ¸ . . . ∏ , · – . ƒ … . ∏ ≈
. · . . ¸ . . . · , · . , . . s ¸ . . . . , . , . ∏ . . ¸ . , . . . ƒ , • ‘
. ¸ · , . . , . . . . . . . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … , . . . . ≤ ƒ ¸ ’¸ . . . ,
· . . , . ¸
. . . . . Ω . ≤ ƒ . ‘ . ¸ , ≥ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . Ω . , . ≈ . , . , . ¸ . . , . ·
‘ , , , . . . . ∏ , · . · . ƒ . ∏ ¸ . ¸ · , π . , . ¸ , . , ∏ . . , ·
· . . , . ¸
, . . ∫ , . ∏ . . , · , . . · . , ƒ , , . . . , , . ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸ . . . . · , · ‘ . , . ,
. . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . , · . , ƒ Ω . . . Ÿ ¸ . ∏ . ¸ .
. . . . ¸ . · , . , · . . Ω . , . ≈ . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ , ‘ . . . . , , , . . . . . ≤ . ƒ ,
. , , . . , . . . Ÿ ƒ . .
· . . , . ¸
. , . ¸ , . † ¸ . . . . . Ω . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ≤ ƒ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . , · . , , . . . . ¸ ‘
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , – ƒ , ∏ , , . ∏ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · , ¸ . . . ,
. s . Ω . . . s ¸ , · . . . · . · . . . . . . . , , ≤ ƒ Ω . . . π s . . ƒ . . . , , ·
. ∏ . ≤ , ƒ . ¸ . ∏ , , ¸ . ¸ . . . , . ¸
· ·
assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981, are released.
March 18
The Muslim Brotherhood register the Freedom and
Justice Party.
March 19
The referendum on constitutional amendments is held.
The 'yes' campaign wins, with 77.27% of the vote.
Lawyer and activist Ragia Omran is kidnapped from a
polling station and held at the Cairo Security
Directorate until early the following morning.
March 22
Sections of the Interior Ministry building are set alight
during a police sit-in in front of the building, and the
protesting police officers clash with military police.
March 23
The Sharaf government passes a law criminalising
protests. Persons inciting protests may be fined
between 500 000 and a million US dollars.
Military police attack a student sit-in at Cairo
University's media faculty, and angry protests erupt at
Cairo University and a number of other universities.
March 24
Prominent opponent of the former regime Dr.
Mohamed Abou El-Ghar announces the establishment
of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, which aims to
bring together principles of market economics and
social justice. Co-founders include well-known
opposition figures such as Dr. Mohamed Ghonim, Dr.
Hazem Beblawi and film director Daoud Abdel Sayed,
as well as new face Amr Hamzawi, who will leave not
long after to found the Egypt Freedom Party.
March 28
The Military Council passes a law permitting the
formation of political parties without the express
permission of the state.
Foreign Minister Nabil Elaraby denies any hostility
between Egypt and Iran and promises a change in
policy towards Gaza.
Public pressure for Mubarak to be held to account
forces the Military Council to place the former
president and his family under house arrest in Sharm
el-Sheikh.
March 30
The Military Council publish a constitutional
declaration setting out the provisions voted on in the
referendum in addition to 35 further articles on which
public opinion was not consulted.
- ·
◊ s ƒ . · – . , ‘ . , . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . Ÿ † . . . . , . ∏ . . ¸ . . . . .
. . . . , , . ™ . . . ¸ . · . . ¸ . . . . ƒ . · ¸ , , . ¸ ¸ . . . . , ¸
. . . ¸ ¸ - · ‘ . . ¸ . . , _ . · . . . , . , _ , · . . . ∏ . _
. , . . . · › . ƒ . . ¸ . ¸ . . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . , · . . . ¸ , . . . , . . . . · . . ·
. . . . ¸ . Ÿ . . , . ¸ . ¸ . · . ¸ . . . _ . . . . . . . . . ¸ , Ÿ . . , . , _
. . , ≤ ƒ . ƒ , . . ¸ ¸ . . . . . . . . , . . . . · . . · . ≤ . . . . ¸ . ¸ ¸ s . , . . ·
. . , _ . . ¸ ∑ . , . ¸ ‘ Ÿ . . . . . . ¸ . . ¸ . _ . . , . s ¸ . ¸
. . . · . . , . . , · · . . . . . . s ∏ , , . ¸ Ÿ . . , . , _
· · . . , . ¸
’¸ · ¸ _ . ¸ . , ƒ . , . . , ¸ . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . ¸ . , . ¸ . s ƒ Ω . ∏ , , . . ‘
· † . , · . . , . ∫ ƒ , . . . . . ¸ . . Ω · · · ·
· · . . , . ¸
’ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , . ∏ , ƒ , . ¸ . , . ¸ ◊ ¸ ¸ ◊ ¸ , · , . . . . ·
· · . . , . ¸
’ . . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . . . , π . . . . . ƒ , … , · ƒ , , . , , . . . . , · · · · · ,
. . . . . . . . , · . . . . . . · , . , · . . ¸ , . ¸ ¸ . . ¸ . . , ’ . . . . . . .
, . . ¸ . . . . , ¸ , · . ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . . ≈ · . ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . ‹
· · . . , . ¸
. . . . . ∫ . ¸ . . ¸ . , . ≈ , , , . . . . ∏ , · ‘ . . . . . Ω . . . . . ¸
. . . . . . . ¸ . · . . Ω Ÿ , . ≈ . , . . , ¸ . . . . . . . ¸
- · . . , . ¸
. s ƒ . · . . ¸ . . . . , · . ƒ . . . . ¸ _ ’ . . . . _ , . ¸ _ . ¸ , . . ƒ
¸ . , · . , . . ≠ . ¸ · · - . ∞ ¸ ¸ . ∏ , ƒ , . , ’ , . ¸ , s ¸
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , . . , . . . . . . . . ∏ . · ¸ . s ∏ , · ’¸ . · Ω
. . . . · . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . . ¸ ¸ . . . . . . ‘ . . . . · . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . . ¸
. . . . . ¸ ’ . ¸ ¸ . · . . . . _
. · . . , . ¸
. . . . . ƒ . . . , . . , , . . . . . , . ¸ . . . . Ω . . . ∏ ƒ ¸ , . ∏ ¸ . ¸
. . . , . ¸ · . . ¸ ¸ . . . . ¸ … . . , . ≤ ¸ . ¸ ’ . . . . . ¸ . . ∏ ≈ . , . . _
˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ™ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ¸ · ˘ . . . ˘ . . . . . ˘ ƒ ¸ , . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ · ’ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ · . . ˘ . , ∑ · ˘ ¸
· ·
A military source announces that Zakaria Azmi,
Mubarak's chief of presidential staff, who visited his
office on a daily basis, has resigned.
March 31
The Ministry of Justice's anti-corruption department
adds Zakaria Azmi, former Speaker of the People's
Assembly Fathi Sorour and former Speaker of the
Shoura Council Safwat El-Sherif, along with their
families, to the list of those banned from leaving the
country.
Prime Minister Essam Sharaf fires several editors of
national newspapers.
- ·
. . . , . ¸ . . ¸ ¸ . . . . ¸ , . ƒ , . . . , . . · . , . , ∑ . . π . . s . ƒ , . . . .
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ , . , . ˘ . s ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . ˘ . , Ω . ˘ , ˘ , ˘ · , … . , . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ _ . , . . ˘ , ˘ . . . . ˘ , ˘ .
, . ƒ . · . . . , . . . ¸ , . . ¸ , … . . … . . , . . . . π · , . . . . . , , ƒ· . . . ¸
. ¸ ¸ · . . . ¸ . . ¸ , · .
· · . . , . ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . , · . ƒ , . · . ¸ ¸ . . . , . . . , · , . . . _
. . s ƒ , ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . ’ . . . ,
, , π . . ¸ . ¸ , , , ¸ . . , . , · , . . ¸ . . . . . _ . . . ¸ , , ¸ , , , ƒ· s .
. ∏ ≈ . . . , , ‘ . . . . . π . ™ . ¸ .
. † . . . . . . . , ¸ . . s . · . , . , ∑ , ¸ . , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . ∏ ≈
, . . . · , . . · ∏ . · · , . ’ · . . · . , , · ‘ . . ¸ Ω . . . , ¸
· - . . , . ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . , . · , . . . . ƒ , … , . † . . ¸ . . , · ¸
’ . . . . . . . . . ’ . . . · · ¸ ¸ - - . . . . . ¸ ¸ ⁄ , ≤ , . . . . . . .¸ . . .
, , · · , , .
. . . . , . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ , , s ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ , · , . ¸ . , ƒ , . , . , ∑ . . …
s . , , . . . ¸ ¸ . s . , · , ƒ . , . . . ≈ . , . · · . . . . ≤ . ∫
· - . . , . ¸
. , . , . s . . . . , Ÿ . . ¸ , ¸ . ƒ , , . . . . ∫ , † . ™ , s ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ .
, · . . ¸ . . ¸ , , , · , . ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . . . , . , ∑ . , . . . ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ , ∞
, · , . ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . ƒ , ¸ . , . , ∑ . , . . · · , , . ∏ ≈ · . · . · Ÿ . . ƒ . _ . ¸
. . . . ¸
. . . . Ω . . ¸ . , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . , ≤ , π . . . . ¸ , ,· . . . . – ¸ , ¸ . . . . ∞
. ≤ ƒ . , ·
. ·
, , . ƒ
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . ∏ . . . , . . , . s ¸ . · ’ . . . ,
. ¸ . . , . · . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No to Torture .. Yes to
Human Dignity
State Security HQ
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Rivo
(Egyptian brand of Aspirin)
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. † . ™ ’
. . ¸ . . . . . ≈
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . . . ≤ . . . . . Ω . . . ¸ .
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The People Overthrew the
Regime. We Won
Tahrir Youth
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Submit. No!
Omar Mustafa
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
, . , . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ƒ . . , . , . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Egypt Lives in My Eyes
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
One Hand
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . ∏ . . , . .
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
s ∏ . . . . . . . . . , .
K H
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
We Are All Khaled Said
HK
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Glory to the Martyrs
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. ∏ ¸ . . . ∂
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . , . . ¸ . . ≤ . . . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ¸ · ≤ . . , . , ·
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . , . . ¸ . . ≤ . . . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
It’s Just the Beginning
Freedom Painters
Abbas el Akkad St.,
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Take Care
Freedom Painters
Abbas el Akkad St.,
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ·
· ·
, · ™ , . . ∂ · ƒ ¸ . . . . ¸ …
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Hold Your Head Up, You’re
Egyptian
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . . .
. ¸ , ·
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . , ∂ , . . · . …
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . . . · . ¸ … . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ¸ … , · . . ¸
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . . . · . ¸ … . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Egyptian and Proud
Freedom Painters
Ahmed Fakhry St.,
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Overleaf:
Freedom
Freedom Painters
I Love You, My Country
Freedom Painters
Ahmed Fakhry St.,
Nasr City
photos: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . . .
. ¸ , ·
. ƒ ⁄ s ¸ . . . ¸ , . . ƒ . . ¸ , s ƒ , . . . ¸ , .
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . . . · . ¸ … . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ¸ , . , . ¸ . ¸ .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Free People Live in Freedom
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Overleaf:
Freedom
Freedom Painters
Hassan el Maamoun St.,
Nasr City
If I Weren’t Egyptian, I’d
Want to Be
Freedom Painters
Ahmed Fakhry St., Nasr City
photos: Maya Gowaily
Ÿ ƒ ,

. . ∏ , , . . s ∏ ∂
. . . , … s . ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . , , , ¸ . . · , ∏ . ¸ , ƒ , ¸ , ·
. . . ∂
. . . , ¸ . . . · . ¸ … . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Free Media
Egypt’s TV Is Criminal
Shank
Ahmed Fakhry St., Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
El Mozza:
Let Her Eat You
4SprayCans
Om Kalsoum Square,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. ¸ . ‘ . . . . . .
. . . , … s . ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ¸ , · . . . , ,
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . . . ¸ Ÿ . . ƒ , . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Freedom of Speech
Freedom Painters
Hassan el Maamoun St.,
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Shit in the Sky
4spraycans
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
, . ƒ , . · . .
. . . , … s . ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ¸ s . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Mr X
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Coke:
Always a Customer
4SprayCans
Om Kalsoum Square,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . . . , ¸ , . . . ≤ . • . , . , . . . . . Ω
. . ¸ , ¸
. . . , ¸ . ƒ . . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ , ∞
. . , . s ¸ …
. . . , ¸ . . ƒ , . . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Safwat el Sherif
Adham Bakry
El Thawra St., Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
The People Want to
Overthrow the Regime’s
Darlings
Ganzeer
Aboul Feda St., Zamalek
photo: Menna Ibrahim
· ·
. ·
. . . , , . . . · Ω , · . · · . . . ·
. . ¸ , ¸
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Martyr Islam Raafat
18 Years Old
Ganzeer
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . , , . . . , ∞ . ∏ · . . . . . ≈ · · . . . ·
. . ¸ , ¸
. . . , ¸ · · , ƒ . , ƒ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Martyr Seifallah Mustafa
16 Years Old, Student
Ganzeer
26th July St., Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
. . . ∏ . ¸ , · . . . . . ≈ . . . . , …
. . . , ¸ . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
. . . ∏ . . , , . fi . . . . . ∫ . . , ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Glory to the Martyr
Mohamed Gamal Eddin
Ahmed Heshmat St.,
Zamalek
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Glory to Freedom Mustafa el
Sawy
Ahmed Heshmat St.,
Zamalek
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
· ·
. ƒ .
. . . , ¸ . , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ∏ . ƒ , . s ¸ _ . . ƒ ·
. . . , ¸ . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Glory to the Revolution
Karim Banouna
Ahmed Heshmat St.,
Zamalek
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Brotherhood
Gabalaya St., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· · ·
. . . ¸ . π . . . , . . . . . ¸ , ’
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
This Is For the Martyrs
Egypt First
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
April 2011
April 1
A million-strong march on 'Save the revolution Friday'
demands that members of the former regime be tried.
April 3
Naguib Sawiris announces the establishment of the
liberal Free Egyptians party.
April 5
Former housing minister Mohamed Ibrahim Suleiman,
known for his involvement in major corruption cases
relating to the sale of state-owned land, is arrested.
April 8
On the 'Friday of Purification', the Military Council are
accused of dragging their heels in pursuing members
of the Mubarak regime. A number of army officers join
the sit-in in Tahrir Square.
A demonstration takes place outside the Israeli Embassy.
April 9
The military use Special Forces, Military Police and
Central Security forces, armed with live ammunition and
armoured cars, to break up a sit-in in Tahrir Square. The
officers who have joined the demonstrators are arrested.
April 10
In a recorded message broadcast on Al Arabiya
television, Mubarak denies all charges of corruption and
promises to pursue legal action against anyone defaming
him or his family.
April 11
Ahmed Nazif, prime minister under Mubarak, Safwat El-
Sherif and Zakaria Azmi are arrested on corruption
charges.
April 12
Mubarak is questioned in Sharm el-Sheikh hospital.
April 13
The Attorney General orders that Mubarak and his two
sons be detained for 15 days pending investigation
into charges of murdering protestors. Mubarak suffers
a heart attack, and Alaa and Gamal are transferred to
Tora prison by helicopter.
April 15
Demonstrators march from the north Cairo suburb of
Shubra to demand equal rights for Copts.
April 16
The Supreme Administrative Court issues a verdict
dissolving the NDP.
- · ·
. ¸ , π · · · ·
· . ¸ , π
. ∏ , ƒ , · · ¸ ≤ . . . . ƒ , . . , Ÿ . . . , · . . . s . · , . ƒ , . . . . Ω . ≤ . _
- . ¸ , π
. , . . . . , , ¸ . ¸ , . ∏ ¸ . . . , . ¸ . ¸ ¸ · . . . . ¸ , , ¸ ’ . ¸ , . . ∏ , , ¸ . ¸
- . ¸ , π
. ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ , † ¸ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≈ fi . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ , ˘ , . . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . ˘ . , , , , ˘ ¸ ’¸ . . ˘ s ˘ . , . . . ˘ . . ˘ ≥
, Ÿ . ¸ , . . . ƒ , . · ‘ · † . . , . · . . . . s , ¸ ¸ , . . , , ™ , . . ¸ . . , . ·
· . ¸ , π
· . . . · . . . , , . . , , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . . . , . . ƒ· ‘ . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈
, . ƒ , . . . . Ω . , † . . . Ω . . . . ¸ . . , . • . , . ¸ , . . . . . . , , . . . . . ¸ , ¸
. . . . ¸ . . . · ¸ ¸ . . . . . , . ’ . . ¸ · , ∏ , ·
· . ¸ , π
. , . ¸ , . . . . . Ω Ÿ . , . . ¸ , . ≤ ƒ ¸ . . . . · , . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , ·
, ’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ … , . . . , . ◊ , · . . † ¸ . . . . . Ω . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
, , ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . † . , . • Ÿ . . . . . _
· · . ¸ , π
‘ , . . . . · . . . . ∏ · , . , . · . . . · . . ¸ . , · . . . , . , ∑ , . . ¸ s π ’ , . . . ¸
. . . . . . . . Ÿ . ‹ , , . ƒ . . . · . ≤ · . ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . . · , . . . . · . . · ∏ . ·
· † . . · , .
· · . ¸ , π
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . , ∞ , · , . ¸ , , , . . , . , ∑ . , . . . ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ , ∞
, , s ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ . . , , . s . . . . , . . . ¸ , ¸
· · . ¸ , π
. , . , ∑ , ƒ . · . . . ≤ , ≥ ‘ . . . . . . . ≈ . . ¸ Ω . . . , ¸
- · . ¸ , π
. . . · . . . . Ω , . . . , . ¸ . . , . ¸ . , . , ∑ , ‚ ∏ , · - · , ƒ . . . ∏ ≈ . . ·
. . . ≤ , ≥ ‘ · † . , · · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . . ¸ . . , . · · ∏ , , · . , , . ,
≤ π . · . , . . . ∫ ¸ ¸ . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . , ∏ , ƒ s ƒ . ¸
. · ·
April 19
The inquiry into the deaths of demonstrators,
established by former Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik,
reveals that 846 people have died and at least 6400
have been injured to date. The committee finds Habib
al-Adly, who authorised the use of live ammunition
against demonstrators in 16 governorates, responsible
for the deaths.
April 21
The decision is made to remove Mubarak's name, and
that of his wife, from all public facilities and
institutions.
April 23
Petroleum Minister Sameh Fahmy appears before court
in a case regarding gas exports.
April 26
The Attorney General announces a deterioration in
Mubarak’s health means he cannot be moved from
Sharm el-Sheikh hospital to Tora prison. The charges
against the former president include murdering anti-
regime protestors and assisting his friend Hussein Salem
in securing a gas deal with Israel in return for a kickback.
The gas pipeline between Sinai, Jordan and Israel is blown
up for the second time. The perpetrators are unknown.
April 28
The Socialist Popular Alliance party, which boasts a
number of the Egyptian left's most famous faces, holds
its founding conference.
April 29
The day is designated the 'Friday of Solidarity' with the
revolutions in Libya, Syria and Yemen.
· · ·
- · . ¸ , π
. . . , . . ¸ . . , ¸ ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . ¸ . π . ≤ ƒ ¸ ’ · , . •
· · . ¸ , π
. s . · ’¸ . , , · . . ∏ , . . . . , . s . . . . π ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸
· · . ¸ , π
. . · ≤ . . ¸ ◊ ≤ . · ≥ ‘ · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ¸ . . s ∏ , . , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ≥ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ≥ . . ˘ . , ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . . ˘ . … , ˘ s . . ˘ ∞ , · . ·
. . . . . , . , , . ∏ ≈ ’ · π · · . · . . , , ƒ . , . , , . , , . . . . . ‹
. . ’ . ¸ . . . . . . . Ω . . . , . ◊ , · . . . Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ ‘ · · fi . · . ·
· · . ¸ , π
· ¸ , . .¸ , . · . . , . , . , ∑ , , , . . · . ¸ . ∏ ≈ s . · · Ÿ . . . . ¸
- · . ¸ , π
. . . . _ · , . ¸ , , , ¸ . , ¸ , ∫ , . π . ∏ . . . s . · ‘ · † . , · . . . , ¸ . . . ,
· · . ¸ , π
. . . · . . . . Ω , . ∏ ¸ , . . ƒ , . . . · . , . , ∑ . . . . , · “ . ™ ≤ ∏ · . ¸
. . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ≈ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ Ω . . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ ¸ ¸ . . ˘ . ˘ ¸ . ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ · ’ ˘ , ˘ . Ω . . ˘ .
. ¸ · , . ¸ ı ∏ ƒ ¸ . . . π · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . . . . . . . . , ≤ · . . . _
. . ˘ ˘ . ⁄ ‘ ’ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≈ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ™ . ˘ . ˘ . , ’ . . ˘ ¸ · ˘ , ˘ π ˘ . ,
. . ƒ ’ ¸
› , ƒ . ƒ , , . . ¸ , , . . . . . , . _ . . , . . . , ’ , . , , ¸ . . ¸ · , π . ∏ . ¸ .
. . . , ·
· · . ¸ , π
. . ƒ· . ¸ . . . . . , . . ¸ ’ , ∫ . . ¸ ¸ · . . . . . ∞ . . . . , ¸ ’ . . . ¸ s ¸ .
. . … , † . , . . . . ¸ . ƒ . ƒ √ . , . , , . · ¸ . , . . . , . . . . ¸ …
· · . ¸ , π
. . . · . . † . . . ¸ . ™ . . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ . , · ‘ . , , , . , . . ƒ , , . , . , . ¸
· · ·
. . . ,
. . . , … s . ¸
. . . , ¸ Ÿ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . , … s . ¸
. . . , … s . ¸
. s ƒ , . · . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . ∞ . ƒ · ≤ . · ¸ . . . . , ¸
. . . , … s . ¸
. . . , ¸ , · , · . Ÿ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Don’t Be Afraid. It’s Only
Street Art
4SprayCans
Street No. 9, Maadi
photo: Maya Gowaily
Explode
4SprayCans
Al-Marghani, Heliopolis
Spray Cans
4SprayCans
Korba, Heliopolis
photos: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
, , . · ‘ . , ¸ , . ·
. s ƒ , . · . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . · Ω
s ƒ . ¸ … Ÿ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , . .
· . π . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . , › , ƒ ∫
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Peace
Al-Marghani Bridge,
Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
Killing Sad Panda
Sad Panda and Anonymous
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
The Brain Is Window Dressing
Korba, Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
◊ ¸ , · . † . , . • · . ¸ , π
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
Ÿ . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
t w . . . ,
K H d n a t n A
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
WT Field Marshal
Ant and HK
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Free the April 8 Officers
El Moshir
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. · ·
. , . , . . . , . .
. . . , ¸ . . . . ƒ ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Martyrs’ Square
Samir Ashour
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. ∏ , ∂ ¸ , . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . . . , π fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Stay Positive
Ismail Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ¸
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
- · , . . , ¸ . . . . , . . ¸ , ·
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
January 25
Equality Freedom
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
I’m Free
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ’ . . ¸ . ≤ · . . · ≤ , π
. . . , ¸ . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . , … . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Bored of The Red Line
Abdel Aziz Shennawy St.,
Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
Untitled
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· · ·
. ¸ , ·
. . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Freedom
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
May 2011
May 5
Habib al-Adly is convicted of unlawful private financial
gain and money laundering and sentenced to twelve
years.
The Justice Party is established. Amongst its number
are well-known figures such as Mostafa el-Naggar,
who subsequently becomes a member of parliament.
May 7
Sectarian clashes take place in Imbaba where a group
of Salafis have gathered to demand the release of
Abeer Fakhry, a Christian woman held prisoner in a
church since converting to Islam. Twelve are killed and
240 injured. Fakhry turns herself in to the military
police and faces charges of polygamy, having married a
Muslim man before divorcing her Christian husband.
May 8
The Administrative Court annuls the government’s
2006 sale of the Omar Effendi department store chain
to the Saudi-based Anwal Group.
May 10
The committee charged with recovering Egyptian
funds illegally transferred abroad, established by the
Military Council, investigates measures to track down
bank accounts held by Mubarak and 18 other officials
of the former regime.
Muslim Brotherhood leader Abdel Moneim Aboul
Fotouh announces his presidential candidacy and
leaves the organisation, who have previously stated
that they will not put forth a candidate.
Foreign Minister Nabil Elaraby is chosen as Secretary
General of the Arab League.
Presidential candidate and political activist Bothaina
Kamel is summoned to a military tribunal where she is
questioned over her criticism of the Military Council.
May 15
The Military Police and security forces disperse a Nakba
Day demonstration outside the Israeli embassy using
tear gas and birdshot; 180 protestors are arrested and
tortured.
Groups of men in civilian clothing presumed to be
hired thugs attack Christian demonstrators at the
television building in Maspero, injuring 65. Pope
Shenouda asks the protestors to call off their sit-in, but
it continues.
May 16
Field Marshal Tantawi delivers his first post-revolution
- · ·
. . , ƒ
- . . , ƒ
◊ s , . ∏ ≈ . , , . . . . . ‹ ¸ · · . . . · . ∏ s . . . . . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . , π ’ . ƒ ∫
’¸ . · , . ¸ . . . , . ¸ · . ¸ ¸ . . . ∫ . . . … , † . , . . . . ¸ . ƒ . ƒ √
. . . . . · . ¸ , . . . . . . . ≈ . . . . , . . … . . , . . , _ . † . ƒ · ¸ . , ¸ . . . ,
· . . , ƒ
. ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · ‘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · . . ˘ ˘ , . Œ . ˘ ˘ ™ . . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ ·
. . . . ∏ , . , , . , , · . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . , . , · . . ¸ . . . ≤ . ’ . . · Ω , . . ƒ
. . . . , . . . . π . s . , . . · . , ¸ . . . , . , . · · , . . , . · . · . , ,
. . ∏ . . . . . , . ¸ ¸ . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , , . , . ¸ . , , . , . · . . .
’ , , _ . , . ¸ , . . . ¸ . . . ∏ , · , π , , . , . · · , . . ¸ , , . , .
Ÿ . . , . ¸
· . . , ƒ
· † . . fi s . · . ≤ † . . . ’ . , … . , . · , . ≤ . . , ™ . . ¸ s · . . ¸ · . . …
· · . . , ƒ
. . · . . ¸ . . ’ . ƒ ∫ Ÿ , ¸ . · . . ¸ . . s ∏ , . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . .
. ¸ . ¸ . s . . ∞ . ∏ ≈ , . . . . . , . , ∑ , · · . . . . ƒ ∫ . . . . ≥
. , . Ÿ . . , . ƒ . . . ƒ ¸ . . ≤ , . . … ‘ . . . . · ’ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _ . , . ∏ ¸
. ¸ ¸ . . . · . ¸ · . . . · . . , ƒ , , · , , . . . π . ¸ . . . . · . . ¸ s . . · .
. ∏ . . , . . ¸ . ≤ . Ω . ¸ . . _
. , _ , , , ¸ . . , . , · , , π . . ¸ . ¸ . , . . . . . . . ∏ . . . . · . . ¸ . , ·
. . . . . . . . . , . · s . . π . . . . . . . · . . . , . . . , · , Ÿ ¸ . . . · . ∏ ¸ · . . . · . ¸ ¸ . ≤ † . . .
. . . . s ¸ … . ∏ . . ≤ , ≥ . . , . ‘ . ≤ . . . . . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
- · . . , ƒ
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , ’ . ¸ , . ¸ · ƒ , . . . . ¸ . . . Ω . . . . . , . ’¸ . . ¸ · , ∏ , ·
. ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ π . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , , . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ¸ , . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ , † ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ · · · . ˘ ¸ Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ . . ¸ , ¸
, . . , , , ,
› . ƒ . . ¸ . . , · , . . , Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ Ÿ . . , . , _ ‘ . . . . , , , , ¸ . . . . ·
- · . , . . . . . . ƒ . . , . ∏ . ¸ , . . ’ . . . . . Ω . , ’ . . . . . Ω , . . . . ¸
. · ·
speech in the Police Academy and asks the Egyptian
people to look to the future and forget the past.
May 23
Online activists dedicate the day, with the hash tag
#NoSCAF, to blogging about the army's crimes,
breaking the barrier of fear which has so far inhibited
criticism of the military.
May 24
Mubarak and his two sons are brought to court to
stand trial for the murder of demonstrators.
May 26
Activists Ganzeer, Aida Elkashef and NadimX are
arrested for posting Ganzeer's 'Mask of Freedom'
sticker in Downtown Cairo.
May 27
The 'Second Friday of Rage' sees the biggest numbers
of demonstrators on the streets since the first Friday of
Rage in January. The Muslim Brotherhood do not
participate, describing it as a 'revolution against the
clear majority of people' and 'incitement between the
people and the army'.
May 28
The border crossing with Gaza at Rafah, closed since
2007, is reopened.
Mubarak is fined 20 million dollars for shutting down
communication networks on January 28th.
May 31
A military source confirms to CNN reports that 17
women were subjected to ‘virginity tests’ after their
arrest during the 9th March sit-in.
· · ·
Overleaf:
Tank vs Bread
Ganzeer, Sad Panda et al.
Gabalaya, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · . . , ƒ
, ∫ . . . ¸ . ∏ . . . , . . . . , … . . . . . ƒ , . ‘ s . . , , · . . . ¸ . · , . . ƒ · , ·
. . . . . . ∏ . . ¸ ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . . ≤ , π , ¸ ∑ Ÿ . . . ¸
- · . . , ƒ
, ƒ Ω · ’ . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . ∏ ≈ . . , s . ¸ . . ƒ . . π ’ . . . . . ¸ , s . .
. . . . . . . . ¸ . , . s . ¸ . . . . s ¸ . s . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ ≤ . . , . ¸
. · . . , ƒ
¸ . · , – ƒ , π . , . , ∑ , ‚ ∏ , · . ∏ . . . s . · . . , . · · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
· · . . , ƒ
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . . . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . , . . . s . . . ∞ , . _ x . . . . . ∏ , ≥
. ∏ . . ≥ · · . . ¸ ◊ ¸ , · . ‘ , . . . . , ∏ .
· · . . , ƒ
· . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . † . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . Œ . ˘ ™ s , . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ . , ,
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · ’ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . _ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ¸ , . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . . . ˘ . . . . ˘ . .
, . ∏ , , . · . ƒ . . . · , , · , . · . _ . . . . . , . , . ¸
· · . . , ƒ
· . _ . . , , · _ . ™ . ¸ . , s . , . . ∏ ≤ . . . . . . Ω · · · ·
. ¸ _ . , . , ∑ · · . ∏ , ƒ , . , ’ , . ≤ . ™ ’ . . . ’ ¸ , ƒ Ω . . . · . . † . .
· - . . , ƒ
. . . . , . . . s ¸ … , ≤ ¸ . . . ¸ . , . , . . ≤ , ≤ · . ¸ . ¸ · · · . . . · , † ¸
. ∏ , , ¸ ‘ . . . . . Ω · . . , . ¸ . s . . ƒ . . . . , , ·
· · ·
. . . . . √
. . . . . · . . . . , ¸
. . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . . . , . . ƒ . ·
. . . , ¸ . , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . _
. . . , ¸ . . . , ∏ , ƒ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ¸ , . , . , … , . . ¸ , . , . . ≈
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Amr el Beheiri and Amr Eissa
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Untitled
Teneen
Champollion St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
Ÿ ∏ ∂ . . . . ≤ ƒ . ·
. , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , ∂
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I’ll Give You
Om Kalsoum Square,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
The King .. Carry Out the
Punishment
Sad Panda
Gabalaya, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
. . . . . ¸ .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . , ¸ , .
. . . , ¸ . . . . . , π fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The People Demand
Ismail Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
I’m Not Free
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. - ·
· . . ¸ ◊ ¸ , ·
. . ¸ , ¸
◊ ¸ , · . . . ¸ , . , . , … . ‘ . . . . ¸
◊ ¸ . ¸ ’ ¸ . . . , s . ‘ . . ƒ , .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Free Amr el Beheiri
I’m in Military Prison Because
I Took Part in the Revolution
Omar Mustafa and Sad
Panda
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
New: The Mask of Freedom
A Token from SCAF to the
Children of the Beloved
Homeland Now Available for
an Unlimited Time
Ganzeer
· - ·
. . ∏ . ¸ . . . . , …
. . . _
. , . , . ∏ . . . ¸ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . . ¸ . . . . , …
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Tantawi’s Underwear
Adham Bakry
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Salafi Tantawi
Teneen
Talaat Harb Sq.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
· . ·
. ∏ , . . . . ƒ . . ’ . ¸ . ◊ . ’ . ≈
. · . ƒ , . . . . · . . . . . , · . . ¸ , · .
fi . s . · . , . , ∑ . . , , ’ . · Ω . . ≥
. . . . . ¸
K H
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Our Demands: Security.
Minimum Wage. Social
Justice. Freedom. Mubarak
on Trial. Purging the Media.
The Right to Demonstrate.
HK
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily

. . . , ¸ fi . . Ÿ ¸ . . . ∏ ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ¸ . . . ¸ . ¸ . ∏ ¸ . . ƒ
K H
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
You’re No Better Than Those
Who Died
HK
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
No More
Mohamed Maraashli St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . ·
· · . . , ƒ
. ƒ . ¸ . . . ¸ … . . . ∏ , . . . , . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· · . . , ƒ
¸ , ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
27 (May)
hzb
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
27 May
Egyptian, Citizen, Moslem
Christian
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ·
· . ·
. . . . . . . , . . . ¸ , . ∂ · · , -
. . . , ¸ . . . , ∏ , ƒ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Choose the Future of Your
Egyptian identity
May 27
Champollion St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . . . √
, ∂ . . . ¸ . ·
. . . ∏ , · . ∏ . . , ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· · . . , ƒ
. . . _
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
27 May
Teneen
Qasr al Nil St., Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
Overleaf:
Fuck Police
The Interior Ministry Are
Thugs
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
· . ·
June 2011
June 1
The appointment of a Coptic governor in Qena triggers
protests which continue until the government is forced
to suspend the governor.
June 5
The commander of Ezbekiya police station attacks a
minibus driver and allows his staff to torture the man
to death. Locals attack the police station with rocks
and molotov cocktails, and the ensuing confrontations
leave six soldiers and 24 locals injured.
June 6
A peaceful demonstration in front of the Interior
Ministry commemorates the death of martyr Khaled
Said.
The Freedom and Justice Party receive their licence; the
Salafi Al-Nour Party, receive theirs a week later.
June 7
The law prohibiting demonstrations is enforced for the
first time when the Military Police arrest five Petrojet
workers participating in a sit-in outside the company
offices to protest their unfair dismissal. The five are
transferred to a military court.
June 8
Central Security forces violently disperse a sit-in of
peasants outside the cabinet building, arresting 25.
June 9
The Public Prosecution Office accuses State Security
officers of firing on the army and demonstrators whilst
shredding and burning important evidence of their
implication in various crimes.
June 14
Three new parties receive their licences: the Free
Egyptians, the Egyptian Social Democrats, and the
Justice Party.
June 15
Military and regular police disperse sit-ins by workers at
railway workshops in Zagazig.
The curfew, in place since the 28th of January, is lifted.
June 19
Journalist Rasha Azab is ordered to appear before the
military prosecutor after publishing details of a
meeting between the group 'No to Military Trials' and
General Hassan Ruweini in the newspaper El Fagr.
June 21
An agreement is reached between the Justice and
- - ·
, ƒ , ƒ
· , ƒ , ƒ
. . . . . . ¸ ‘ · . . . ∏ ≈ . , _ fi . · . · , . ¸ , . . . . ¸ , . . . . ≈
. , ¸ ◊ s ƒ . · . ∏ ≈ Œ . , . . . π . . · .
- , ƒ , ƒ
. ˘ . . ˘ ƒ , · . . ˘ , ’ , . ˘ s ˘ , ˘ · , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . … . ˘ . . † . ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . . ˘ . · ˘ ≥ . ˘ , ˘ s ˘ ¸ , . . . ¸ .
, , ¸ ∑ . . . , , · , . . . ƒ · . . ≈ Ÿ ƒ ¸ . , . . ƒ Ω . . . . ≤ . . , . . ◊ . . , .
, Ÿ ƒ . ƒ ƒ . . . . ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . . . · · . . ƒ . , . · . ¸ . . ‹ Ÿ . . ≤ ·
· , ƒ , ƒ
. . . . ¸ , _ . . s ƒ , ¸ . ¸ ¸ ◊ ¸ , · , . . . . · . , . . . π . ¸ ¸ . . ƒ , . . . ∏ . ¸
. ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸ , _ . . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . . . ¸ . . . ∏ . , · . . Ω , , , . . . . ∏ , · ‘ . s ¸ ¸ . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . , .
· , ƒ , ƒ
, ∫ . . , π . ≤ . ƒ , Œ ¸ _ ’ . . . . _ · . . . . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , ·
. . . . ≤ . ∫ . . . . · . ¸ . . . ∫ . ¸ , . , . Ÿ . . . . . _ . . Ω . ≤ ¸ . . . ¸ s ·
. . . . . . . ∏ ≈ · . . ∏ , , . . . . , . , ” – ƒ , ∏ , , . ∏ . . . s . · . . . . s ¸ , ·
· , ƒ , ƒ
’ . ˘ ˘ ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , ˘ ˘ . † ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · . _ . ˘ ˘ . Ω › ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ƒ , , .
. . . . . . . . . ≤ ƒ . , . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ - · . ¸ Ÿ . . . . . _
· , ƒ , ƒ
. . , . . · . . . . · . , , . . , . • . ¸ . . , . · . .¸ . · ¸ . . . , . ∏ ≈ . , . ¸
, Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . · , . . , , . . ¸ Ω . . · ¸ . . , , , . ¸ · , .
. · , ƒ , ƒ
. · . · . ¸ ¸ . . , . . Ÿ . . ¸ , ƒ , ’ . ¸ , . Ÿ . . ¸ … . . , ƒ · ¸ . ¸
’ . . . . . ¸ . , . . . ∫
- · , ƒ , ƒ
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , Ÿ . , · , . † . . , . . . . . Ω . . . ∫ , , . ¸ . . . s ∂
◊ . , . , · . . . ¸ · . , , ≥
, · ™ . . ¸ . . . ƒ ∫ Ÿ . ¸ , . ¸ . . . · · , . . , ¸
· - ·
Freedom Party and the secular parties on the basis for a
new constitution, and al-Azhar publishes a document
on religious tolerance and the democratic state.
June 22
A number of young activists who have left the Muslim
Brotherhood, led by Revolutionary Youth Coalition
steering committee members Mohamed al-Kassas,
Mohammed Abbas and Islam Lotfy, join other young
activists such as Asmaa Mahfouz to announce the
establishment of the Egyptian Current Party.
June 28
The 'Balloon affair' begins when a ceremony at the
Balloon Theatre to honour the martyrs of the
revolution is disrupted by an angry crowd of the
martyrs' families, who have not been invited. Security
forces beat the families, and a bloody night ensues,
with violent clashes which last until dawn the next day
erupting in Tahrir Square, Bab el-Louk and Mansour
street between Central Security and revolutionaries
who have joined the martyrs' families in anger at the
violence.
- - ·
· · , ƒ , ƒ
. . . . . . . . . . . . , · , . . . . ¸ ¸ . ∏ . . ƒ ∫ . . Ω . . , . . · . . . . s ¸ , · . . .
. . ¸ . . . ƒ · . · ™ . ≤ . . › . ƒ . · · ’ . ∏ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · . . ™ . ∏ ƒ .
. ¸ , , . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ , . . . . . ¸
· · , ƒ , ƒ
. . ¸ . _ . ¸ ¸ . . . . · , ◊ ¸ , · , ’ . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . , · . ∏ ≈ . . . ¸ s . . . ·
. . . . . ƒ , . , ’ , . ¸ , . . . , , . , ≤ · . ¸ . . . . . . _ . . , . ¸ , . . , . · . . , ƒ · ¸ . , ·
· · , ƒ , ƒ
. . , . ¸ . . . . ≤ ƒ , . ¸ . . . . · ’¸ . ƒ , . . . . ∏ . , ¸ . ∏ ≈ , . . , ,
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ≤ . . ˘ ˘ . . ¸ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . ¸ . , ¸ . . ˘ ˘ · Ω . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ’ . † . ˘ . .
. . . . s . . . . . . , . … ’ · . · . . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . . , . ¸ † . , ¸ . , , , . ¸
. ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . . . . . ˘ , ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ π . . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ¸ ˘ . . . ˘ , . . ˘ , ,
. . ¸ ¸ · . . , . , . . . . ¸ … .
· · , ƒ , ƒ
· . . ¸ . , . . ƒ , . , . . . . ƒ . · . . . . , · . ¸ . . ¸ . . . , . . . . , .
¸ ¸ . . . ¸ ¸ . , . . ƒ , . ¸ . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . π . . s ¸ _ . . . , . . ⁄ . ,
. . ƒ , , ¸ . , · , · . Ω ’ . ¸ . † . ¸ . , , . ≤ , , . . . . . . . . ¸ . . , . · , . , ∏ ·
. . , · . _ . . ƒ , . . , ¸ Œ . . ƒ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . ∏ ≈
. . . ∞ . ™ . . ¸ . . . , . . , ’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ … ‘ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
, . . . , ¸ . . . . ƒ , . . . . ¸ ¸ . . ≈ . . , . ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . ‹
. - ·
. . . . . . . , .
. π , . . , . . ¸ . _ . , . , ∂ . . .
. . . ≈ , . · ¸ Ÿ ∏ . ¸ . . . . . . .
, , , . . . . ∏ , ·
. ¸ , ¸ · . Ÿ ¸ · , _ ·
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Who’s Watching the
Watchers?
Keizer
El Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Will you see my blood as
water?
Will you forget the
bloodstains on my clothes?
Ministry of the Interior
photo: Anonymous
· - ·
. . . . ‹ , . . , . . ƒ …
¸ , ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . , ∑ , . . . . , …
¸ , ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Mubarak & Tantawi
hzb
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Al-Adly & Essawi
hzb
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
· · ·
. . · . . . . . · . , ,
¸ , ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Their weapon
Our weapon
hzb
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. , s ¸ . . , . ¸ , , . . . , ¸ ¸
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ƒ , , . Ÿ . . ∏ . ·
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Armed Snow White
Keizer
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
Mickey Mouse and Walt
Disney
Keizer
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. ƒ .
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· . π ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ ∂
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Kill Your Television
Keizer
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
Hooded
Keizer
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
, . . , † ¸ , . . . ƒ .
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . ¸ . . . .
. . , . s ¸ …
. , . , . . . . . ≈ fi . ƒ . . Ÿ , . . . . _
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Pizza Afaf
Adham Bakry
Mustafa Mahmoud Sq.,
Mohandiseen
photo: Maya Gowaily
It’s Black or White
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Gezirah Street., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· · ·
. , . . . ◊ ≤ , ≤ · · . . . , · , . s ¸ ’ . · ¸
. ¸ . , π . ƒ· ⁄ s . . ƒ ’ . . . . ¸ , , .
◊ ≤ , ≤ · . . ≈ . ≤ . ™ . . ∂ ’ . . . ¸ .
, . ¸ . . ’ ⁄ . . ≈ . ∏ ≥ . . . ∂ . ¸
. . , . . . √ Ÿ . . ¸ – . . _ ¸ ¸ . . ¸
’ . . . , . . . , . . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . . . ∏ ∏ ·
. . ƒ , . . ¸ . ¸ . . ¸
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
“The truth isn’t harsh, but
breaking free of ignorance is
as painful as giving birth.
Run after the truth until
you’re out of breath. Accept
the pain so you can create
yourself anew. These words
take a lifetime to
understand, a lifetime of
effort punctuated with a few
moments of danger.”
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Gezirah Street., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
July 2011
July 1
On the 'Friday of Self-Determination', demonstrators
express their anger at the Military Council's slow
progress in meeting the demands of the revolution.
The Muslim Brotherhood accept an invitation to
dialogue with the USA.
July 2
Clashes break out in Suez after officials accused of the
murder of protesters walk free.
July 8
The July sit-in begins.
After protracted debates over whether elections or the
new constitution should come first, this Friday's protests
bear the slogan 'the Revolution Comes First', with
demands that the Military Council act more quickly in
implementing the revolution's demands. The Muslim
Brotherhood had announced they were not going to
take part in the day's events, but in the early morning
arrive in the square and set about erecting a large stage
by force, to the indignation of demonstrators, who raise
their shoes aloft in the first visible signs of friction
between revolutionaries and the Brotherhood.
July 9
The Ministry of Information, scrapped after Mubarak's
removal, is re-established by the Military Council, and
Osama Haikal, longtime military correspondent and
former editor of newspaper al-Wafd, is installed as
Minister of Information.
Sharaf announces that he has asked the Interior
Minister to suspend officers accused of involvement in
the murder of protestors.
July 10
There are violent confrontations between
demonstrators and the military in Suez.
Demonstrators in Tahrir Square close the entrance to
the Mugamma building.
July 11
Sharaf reassures Egyptians of his commitment to
replacing the government in accordance with
revolutionaries' demands, reform of the media, and
the removal and swift trial of all officers accused of the
killing of demonstrators.
July 12
SCAF communiqué 67 is delivered by General El-
Fangary, who threatens those participating in
demonstrations and sit-ins and reaffirms the Council's
· · ·
, ƒ . , ƒ
· , ƒ . , ƒ
· . . . · – . , . Ÿ . . , . Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , , . ∏ . ƒ , . † . , , , . ¸ , . . ƒ· . ∏ . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … ‘ – ≤ , ≥ . . . . . . . ƒ , .
’ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , ≤ , ∏ ƒ , . . ƒ . . ∏ . ƒ , . ™ . ƒ ’ , . ¸ Ÿ . . . .
· , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . , . s . ¸ ‘ . . . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . · ¸ . . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . , . _ . ≤ . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
· , ƒ . , ƒ
. . , · . . . . . Ω , ƒ . , ƒ
· . . . · . . ƒ , . , ’ . . . . ’ ≤ . . . Ω . ƒ ∫ ’ . . . . . ¸ , ’ , . . . . . ƒ , , ’ .
Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , , . . . , ƒ , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . ’¸ . . ¸ ¸ ‘ – ≤ , ≥ . . . . . . . ƒ , .
s . , ’ . ƒ , · . . ∏ . ƒ , · † . , , ’ . . ¸ ∑ . , · . . ƒ · . ¸ . . . · . . · . . ·
. . . . · . . . . · . . . ≤ ƒ . , . . . , · † ¸ . ƒ , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . , ¸ , · . ƒ . , , ’ . . , ·
‘ , ∫ . . s . ∑ . _ . . ƒ , , ’ . ƒ ,
· , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . ¸ . . . . , , , . ’ . · Ω . ≤ . . ∏ ™ . , . , ∑ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
, . , . . . , , . _ . . . . · . , s π . Ÿ ¸ . . π . . . . s ¸ … , , · , . ¸ – ¸ , ¸
. ¸ , . . . ƒ · . . . . . . ≥ . , , , ¸ . · . · Ω
. , . , . . . . Ω . . ¸ . · . ∫ · , · ¸ · s ∏ ∞ , , , ¸ . . . ∏ , · . ƒ · ∞ . † . , . •
Ÿ . ƒ , . _ ‘ , . · · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . ¸ . . . ·
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . , . s . ¸ . . , . · . _ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . . s ¸ ‘ . . . ƒ , . ¸
. . . . . ¸ , , ‘ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . ∏ ≤ ƒ , . . . π › . ™ . . . ¸ , ¸
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , . , . ¸ . . . . Ω . . ¸ . . ∏ . . s , . . ∏ ≈ . , , ◊ s ƒ . · . . , . · . Ω . ™
. . . . . . . ƒ , . , . . . , . . . . † . , . • Ÿ . , . _ . ≤ . π . . ƒ , , . . ¸ . ·
fi . . . , . , , . , ¸ . . · ¸ ’¸ . · Ω
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , , . , , · , · · . . . , . . ∏ , . · . , ∏ ≤ , · . ∏ ƒ . . . . . ¸ … . † . ƒ . ∏ . ¸
· · ·
commitment to March's provisional constitution,
continued support for Sharaf's government and the
preparation of a document outlining the principles
governing the appointment of a committee which will
draft the new constitution.
July 15
The day is dubbed the 'Friday of the Final Warning' to
Essam Sharaf to stop his attempts at political patching-
up and remove all NDP members from his government.
The Muslim Brotherhood and the Salafis refuse to
participate. Sharaf announces he is willing to resign,
but the Military Council restate their confidence in him
and his government.
July 17
The Finance and Industry Ministers resign along with
ten other ministers, and Hazem Beblawi is appointed
Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister. In the
latter role, he promises to set a legal minimum wage in
response to one of the most important demands of the
revolution.
July 22
A march from Tahrir Square to the SCAF headquarters
is obstructed in Abbasiya Square and scuffles break out
between demonstrators and thugs.
July 23
On the anniversary of the 1952 military coup, another
march heads from Tahrir Square to the SCAF
headquarters and is again stopped in Abbasiya Square
by the military police. A bloody battle ensues,
beginning with rocks and ending with tear gas.
Abbasiya Square becomes a rallying-point for the
Military Council's supporters, echoing their opponents'
demonstrations in Tahrir Square.
The Military Council accuses Kifaya and the 6th April
movement of causing conflict between the army and
the people.
July 26
ElBaradei calls for the formation of a broad coalition,
including the Muslim Brotherhood, to contest the
coming elections.
July 29
On 'Sharia Friday', thousands of Salafis and Muslim
Brotherhood members gather in Tahrir Square under
the slogan 'The people want God's law'. The event is
dubbed 'Kandahar Friday' by commentators.
The Military Council begins to retreat from the idea of
supra-constitutional principles document that would
safeguard the civil nature of the state.
- · ·
. ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ . _ . , , ˘ ƒ· s ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , . ∏ . ¸ ‘
’ . . ¸ Ω . . ’¸ . · , . . . . . ƒ , … . , . . , . . . . Ω . . ¸ . . , ¸ . . . , . , ≤ ·
. . ƒ . . . . s . · ’ . . , . , . . . , · . . . . . , . . , · . . ¸ . . . † . ™ . . . . . ƒ ,
- · , ƒ . , ƒ
· . . . · ’¸ . , ’ . , . ◊ s ƒ . · . . ¸ . . . . . ¸ · , ™ . . . , . . . ¸ ‘
. s ƒ . . · , , · † ¸ . . , . . . . . ¸ . ¸ ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ ¸ . , , . ’ . ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , . . . ∏ . , ƒ , , ¸ · † . ƒ , ’ . . ¸ ∑ . . ¸ . , . ∏ ¸ . . . . . . √
. · . . . ≤ . . · . s ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . . . ≤ · · , · , . s ƒ . . ·
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . ≤ . . · , , , . Ÿ . . , · , . . . . . . · , . . . ¸ , , , . , . , _ . . , Ω . , , · , …
. · , . . ¸ · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . , , , , ¸ . ∏ . . . , · . . … , . . . . , , √ . . . . , . . .
. ≈ . . . . . . . · . ƒ , . . . . . . · . ƒ . . . ¸ . , . . . . . . . ƒ , .
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ ¸ ¸ . ≤ ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . ¸ . ¸ ‘ . , . ,
. . , . . . , · , – . ¸ . . . , . s . ¸ . . , . · . _ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . ∏ . . , ·
- · , ƒ . , ƒ
· . ƒ · . · . . , . . . , · . ‘ . s ¸ ¸ ≤ · ¸ . , . ¸ . . Ω · - · · . . . . . ¸ . . ¸
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ¸ … ˘ . ¸ . ¸ . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ¸ ¸ ‘
. . , . . . , · . ¸ · , π . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , , . . . ¸ s · . . , · . . ◊ . . , . . . , ¸
. . . . . , Ÿ . . , π . ∏ . . ƒ ¸ . . , _ . . , . . . , · Ÿ , . , . . … , . . . ™ · , · . ƒ· , . ,
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . ∏ ≈ Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . , · · . · ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . , , · . ¸ , π , s . . , · . . . , . · . ƒ · , . · . _ . , . ¸ , . . . . .
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , . . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . . . ˘ . · ˘ . ˘ · . . ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ ¸ . . . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · . . · ˘ , ˘ , ˘ , ’ . ˘ ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . _ . ƒ . ¸ ’ . . . . . ¸
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
· . . . · . . . ¸ , . · . Œ . ™ . . . ¸ ’ ’ . . ¸ . . . ∏ . , _ , ’¸ . ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . _ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ · , . . . . . ¸ · . . . . · · . . . . , . , s . ,
. . . . . , · . . . . . , ¸ , . . , , ≥ . . ¸ ¸ . ∏ · . , . . , · ¸ . ™ . ∏ . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … . ¸ , . , ≤ · Ÿ , . . _ · ƒ ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , ·
· · ·
Ÿ ∏ s , · . . . s ¸ , ·
. . . . . . .
Ÿ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . .
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I Am the People
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Military Monarchy
Sad Panda
Marghani, Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
. . . , , ∂ . ¸ . . ¸ Ω , . . . ƒ · , . . . , ¸
. . . . , .
. s . , · . . . . · ’ . ¸ , s , · . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , .
s ∏ . . . . . . . ¸ ,· , . . . . · . . . , . , .
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
When the Perspective
Broadens, the Expression
Narrows
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
We’ll Come to Sharm and
Get You, Souna You Traitor
Hend Kheera
AUC Library, Downtown
photo: Hend Kheera
· · ·
. † . ™ . ∏ . . · ¸ Ÿ s . ,
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . , . . . . ¸ . ’ . · · ¸ ≤ ƒ Ω . ∏ ≈
. . . . . . . . Ω . ∏ ≤ ¸ . s ƒ ¸ . . .
. , . . ’ , . . . · . ≤ ƒ Ω . ∏ ≈ . . . s . . · . . ∂
. . . . Ω . s ƒ ¸
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Life of an Ethical Person
is Based on Living by the
Universal Order. The Life of
Bastards Contradicts That
Order
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Gezireh, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Masked Obey the Giant
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
, . . . . ¸ . . . ∏ . ¸ . ¸ Ω s . · ¸
. , . , . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, ’ . ƒ , Ÿ , . . · , ¸ , ≤ , · . † . , . · . ∏ ƒ · .
. , . , . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Metaphysical Issues are a
Waste of Time
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Salafi Bullets: Haram! Infidel!
Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · ·
. , . , . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · ·
. , . , . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Military Police 1
Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
Military Police 2
Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . . · , s . . ¸
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . . , ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . ™ . . . ¸ . . . . . , ·
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ . . . . . , . ¸ . . . . ƒ , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Enjoy Capitalism
Keizer
Ahmed Afifi St., Agouza
photo: Maya Gowaily
Pulp Fiction
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Tahrir St., Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
. · ·
◊ ¸ , · . ≤ . , , . . , . . . , , . . , , .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ∏ ƒ ¸ . † . ƒ . . . · ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Noise Pollution
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Freedom Smells of Gas and
Gunpowder
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· · ·
. Ÿ ¸ , . . . † . · ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I’m the Brains and You’re the
Brawn
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . , . · · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , , . . . ∏ , ·
· , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Purge the Interior Ministry
8 July
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
I’ll Be in the Streets July 8
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. ≤ . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
#noSCAF
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Retribution
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· . . . . , . , . , .
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . . Ÿ . . . , . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Ω . . . . ¸ s ∏ , . ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Screw the Mother of All
Councils
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Girl Flying Airplane Kite
Sad Panda
Hassan Pasha Mimar St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
. ¸ Ω . ƒ . ƒ . , ƒ · ™ Ÿ ≤ . , . ·
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . ∏ s . , ·
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Sofa
Qasr al Nil St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Respect Existence or Expect
Resistance
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . . s . . ¸ · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
. . . . . . ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Sitting-in, Holding on,
Occupying
Qasr al Nil St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
He Hasn’t Been Tried ... July 8
Tahrir Square
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
· · ·
. . . ¸ , . . ∏ , . . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . . . . . . , .
’ . ¸ ¸ . . . ∏ ƒ ∫ . . ∏ . ¸ . Ÿ . . . . _
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
. ƒ . , ≤ ƒ . ƒ ¸ . . ƒ , . ∏ . . , · · . . ¸ ‹ ,
· ƒ ∫ . . ∏ . . ¸
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
If They call Revolutionaries
Thugs, then I’m Proud to
Say: I’m a Thug
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Pierre Sioufi
he Revolutionary Youth
Carry Egypt from the Grasp
of SCAF, the Political Parties,
Feloul and Vested Interests
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· · ·
· π ’ . ∏ . . . , ¸ ◊ . . , . ¸ . , . . . Ω
. . ∏ . ¸ , ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ …
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
. ∏ . ƒ , . . ƒ , , . . ƒ , .
. . , . ¸ . , . ¸ ’ . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Revolution has
Revolutionaries to Protect It
Red Sea Youth
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Say No to Drugs: Hashish,
Pills and Egyptian TV
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· · ·
. , . , ∑ . · , . . s ƒ
. , . , . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ ’ . ∏ ≈ , . ƒ . . . · ƒ
. ¸ . . . · . …
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Military Council
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Mubarak: “I’ve Understood
You.”
Statement from SCAF: Don’t
Believe This Picture
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
. · ·
. ¸ . , · · . . ¸ … . ≥
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ≤ · fi ¸ , .
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Tahrir Square: Liberated Zone
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
“Who are You?”
Fangary Big Mouth
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· · ·
s . , .

. .

¸

. . , .
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ∏ ∂ . . . . · , s . . . . . ·
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
The King of the Jungle is
Riding a Tank
Tahrir Square
photo: Maggie Osama
He insisted
El Tayeb
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Ÿ . . , fl ∏ , . ¸ . ¸ , ¸ s ¸ ·
. . . . . . .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Field Marshal is Making
Me Sadder
Sad Panda
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
· · ·
. . . . ∏ ¸ . . . . . . . . , . , . › ∏ . ¸
. . . . , .
, . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , .
s ¸ . . , . . . fi . , . · . ƒ . ƒ . ¸ . . ·
. . , _ , . . . . , ,
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ › . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Be Cautious When Battling
Beasts Lest You Become One
Sad Panda
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
We’ll Have Our Revenge,
Council
Hend Kheera
Downtown
photo: Hend Kheera
· · ·
. . ¸ . · . .
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ s . . π
· . , ∏ · . . . , . . . . . · . ¸ , s , · . . · . , ·
- · · · , . . . . , . ¸
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
Tear Gas Bomb Made in USA
Exp. 2003
“I’ve Missed You”
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maggie Osama
A7A (Fuck that) Police
Tahrir Square
photo: Omar Kamel
. · ·
· · ·
The Battle of Abbasiya
Ambush
Military
Army
Revolutionaries
Central Security
Revolutionaries
Thugs
(Map of the Battle)
Arab League, Tahrir Square
photo: Omar Kamel
. ƒ · . · . . , . . . , ·
. s . . . . ·
. . . . s ¸ , ·
. , . ¸
. . ƒ ,
’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ …
. . ƒ ,
. , ∏ . . , ·
, . ¸ , . · Ÿ ƒ · . · ,
. . ƒ , . . . . · . . ¸ . , · . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ s . . π
. ¸ . ¸ . . . . ¸ , ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . ¸ , , · . ¸ , π
. . . . , , ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
Maspero Head
We Persevere
6April.org
Tahrir Square
photo: Pierre Sioufi
Magic Head
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
Mubarak the Military Police
Keizer
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Power to the People
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ≤ ƒ . . ∏ . . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . , ∑ . . ¸ . · . . . s ¸ , ·
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· · ·

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful