Washinglon, D. C., Decembcr5, 2904

SIR:I have tlie honor to submit lily report as Librarian of Congress for the fiscal year ending Julie 30, 1904. My report for last year opened with the following passage: " T h e activities of the year that may be indicated by statistics are set forth in the several statistical tables embodied in the text or appendices. These include a statement of the appropriations and their expenditure; the ~itimher books, maps, manuscripts, of prints, etc.. added to the several collections; the nuniber of pieces catalogued, classified, and located on the shelves; the ntl~nberof catalogue crrds and of other publications compiled, printed, and distributed during the year; the number of visitors and readers and the recorded use, and the volume of the copyright business. T h e progress of tlie I,ibrary, which is more significant, cannot he expressed in figures. I t consists in the gradual perfection of its equipnient and of its service, in a developme~~t its collections appropriate to its of purpose as a library for research, and in a wider appreciation and acceptance of its functions as a national library, with a duty to the entire country."
For a clear u~iderstandingnot merely as to the scope of these reports, but as to their necessary limitations, which are also the limitatiotis in a summary statement of the year's progress in any large research library, this explanation and proviso might well he repeated from year to year. Every report will include the statistics of the operations which may be expressed statisticallv; each one may contain a more
LIB 190444-2

extended treatment of growth or activity in some particular direction in which the year has been ~ i g n i f i c a n t . ~ But the resulting view of the Library will be as little descriptive as it is little conclusive. . A popular library, for the general reader, may exhibit its operations in figures, for the statistics (of number of volumes added, the number circulated, the number of readers reached) are, for purpose of comparison at least, a measure of its service. But a library for accumulation and research has no such simple expression of its service. Its acquisitions are significant not iu relation to the needs of an immediate constituency, but in relation to the entire field of existing literature; its aid to investigation is significant not in proportion to the number of inquiries answered, but in proportion to the importance of the interests which they involve. The almual reports issued by the two most eminent of national libraries (the British Mnseum and the Bibliothsque Nationale) are the barest and most meager epitomes of growth and use. In dimensions they do not exceed the statements issued annually by our municipal libraries of a hundred thousand volumes. It is not that they have less to describe, but that what would be worthy of description can not be adequately described within feasible limits. If the reports of our own National Library be more extensive it will be due not to an attempt to descrfbe what other research libraries deem incapable of description, but to the relation of certain activities which it is pursuing of which their operations afford no example.

The following table exhibits the appropriations and expenditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright Office for the fiscal year, and the appropriations for the year now current. Details are given in Appendix Ia.


- -

- --a As, in the present report. the mauuscripts


- -.



Report of the Librarian of Congress


Included also are the appropriations for the equipment and care of the building and grounds, expended by the Superintendent. The allotment for printing and binding (during the past year $185,000) is not included.
Object of appropriation Appropriations. 190.3

Library and Copyright Office: co Saleries. general service.. .,$z31,560. $q5,660. w $235.111.03 $236.66~. w 0 2,090. w Salaries, special service.. ...... u a, 074.88 a z, 739.33 a, 649.33 10,om. w Salaries, Sunday service ....... lo,om.w 10,a a . w 9.424.06 Salaries, distribution card in6,Boo.w dexes ......................... h ~ , a a g . a , 4suo.w 4.W.90 . l r ~ , 7 5 0 . m 7o.w.m 7 o . ~ o . 7 0 :4,7m.w .... d F ! q . h . w dgg,Soo.w dgg,226.w dgg,Rw.m Contingent e x p e n s . . 7 . 3 ~w . L w. m 7.3m.w 7. q.86








Afifiroprialions Appropnatlons, a " ' x p e n I 190.5

......... -.

Total. 1,ihrary and Copyright Office.. ............. 408,709.88 430.839.33 428,870.88 Building and grounds: Care and maintenance.. ....... 72,605. w 74.745. w 74.371.44 Fuel, light. and miscellanmus. e 40, om. w f 5 om. w ~733. ma. 31 Furniture and shelving. ....... 45,aa. m q5,ooo.w v 17.oa3.51 Suuday opening. ............. 2,500.00 2.p.w 2,499.98 Grand total


437.350. w 76.iR5. oo 32,5w.w 40,wo.m z . h .m
. 3 , 435. w $g



> - - -



m.a. 33

~ 5$8.12 ,


a Including helance brought forward. b Appropriation for last quarter of 190.3,act of March 3, 1903. This expenditure

is offset by snbscriptions covered into the Treasury. olncreased from $55.480 in 1902, hy act of April 28, 1902, and from $ff,.~2o i n 1903. hy act of February 25, 1903. d&xclusive of $1,500 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new books for that body. eIncreased from $3o,au by act of March 3, 1903. f Increased from $3o,om by act of February 18, IW. QExpenditures to June 30, I . * Contracts and orders outstanding covering practically t h e whole appropriations.

Of the $31 I ,000 appropriated for salaries exclusive of the Sunday and special service, $728.37 were unexpended and covered into the Treasury. This sum represents not a surplus provision for service, but salaries for a time undrawn, those of employees temporarily absent without pay, or of new appointees who failed to qualify promptly after appointment. The expenditure for salaries ill the Card Section is regularly offset by subscriptions for the cards distributed.


Report of the Libranan of Congress

Ana@iS pmdifures

These, like the fees for copyright (which similarly offset the salaries paid in the Copyright Office) are covered into the Treasury. AS appears above, the total an~oulltappropriated for the Library for the past year was in round figures $583,000.~ But the $583,000 is by no means all cost of mainfenawce. Properly speaking, and as popularly nnderstood, cost of maintenance mearis merely the cost of keeping the plant in condition, securing and handling the current accessions, incorporating them in classificatioii and catalogue, and rendering to the public the direct service usual in a library. T o ascertain this cost the total given above must be analyzed. A large portion will be found chargeable to other accounts than mere current maintenance. Thus: The total appropriation being (approximately) ............ $583, WJO
We niust deduct the following: ( a ) Salaries in Copyright Office (more than offset by fees covered into the Treasury). ... $70,500 ( b ) Salnries in Card Distribution (more than offset by subscriptio~ls covered into the Treasury). ................................ 5, ow (c) Increase of I,ibrary ( a permanent improvement) .............................. r w , ow (d) Furniture and shelving (a permanent imment ) .................................... 45, c€m 220,500 We have then l e f t . . ........................... 362,500 Of this sum there is chargeable t o the maintenance of the building and grounds b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107, ow -- . (~The Library building and equipment have cost about S.sao,m The total annual expenditure is therefore less than lo per cent 01 its cost. Ten per cent upon the cost of the building is the minimum stipulated by Mr. Carnegie for the annual maintenance of the libraries which he builds. The proportion is assumed to be reasonable. I t has been remarked that the cost of the huilding for the national library was a l ~ o u that of a battle ship. The cost of its maintenance is t no greater than that of a battle ship. hAii expeiise quite justifiable for maintaining a building which, iiidepeiident of its uses, affords to a vast constituency gratihcatlou and iustructioo a s a tilonument

Report of the Libranan of Congress
We have then chargeable to the account of the Library proper (i. e , the acquisition and handling of material, . classification, cataloguing, bibliographic work, the service


to readers, and general administration) ................. 255,5="' Rut of this again there is chargeable to classification and and in fact a considerable cataloguing specifically $88,ooo, sum ill addition. A catalogue on cards is a piece of permanent apparatus. Even ignoring this, however, the present work in classification and cataloguing is, over half of it, work upon the existing collection which sho~ildhave k e n spread over the century of its growth but was not. It is an arrearage. Deducting for this we have the amount chargeable to the current service of the Library proper reduced to less than . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . zoo, ooo

The Library is open on every (lay of the year except July 4 and Christmas. On ordinary days it is open from 9 a. m. until 10 p. m.; on Sundays and holidays from 2 until 10 p. m. SERVICE On July I , 1904, the Library service consisted of 303 employees, 235 in the Library proper and 68 in the Copyright Office, a total increase of 6 over the figures given for -.-July I , I 903. Of the 235 in the Ubrary proper, 91 are in the Catalogue Division; 36 of the 235 fill the more subordinate positions of messengers, attendants in cloakrooms, etc., and I 19 of the remaining 199 fill positions at salaries ranging from $480 to $goo, inclusive. Nearly one-half of the force is composed of women, at salaries ranging from $360 to $1,600, inclusive. The force under the control of the Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds consists of 126 persons. That under the control of the Public Printer, but located

RuiIdit~g a n d

of architecture, and hy the unsurpassed nicety with which it is maintained, a potent lesson in civics. I may use the.* rxpre%qionsimpartially as the maintenance of the building as a structure is creditable to its Superintendent, Mr. Bernard K. Green.


Report of the Librariale of Congress

within the Library building, consists of 27 employees in the Branch Printing Office and 71 in the Bindery. SERVICE: The number employed for the service corresponding to Library proper the $255,500 above, but including also all that occupied with the acquisition of material, all that in the divisions occupied with material special in form (Documents, Law, Manuscripts, Maps, Music, Periodicals, Prints, and Smithsonian) and all general administration, is but 1 7 5 . ~ Each employee is entitled to thirty working days of annual leave and a possible thirty days additional of sick leave. During the three months of July, August, and September the Saturday half holiday reduces the working days of each week to five and one-half. The hours of work are, by Government usage, based on sound considerations of the climatic conditions of Washington, but seven per day. These particulars, familiar at Washington, are noted for the information of readers at a distance who may be interested in a comparison of the expenditures in this as against other libraries for work similar in character. I do not, indeed, conceive such a comparison instructive, as I know of no other library whose work is identical or performed under identical conditions. Rc=knalrons During the past year there have been a number of withdrawals from the service. Mr. Thomas H. Clark, Custodian of the Law Library, resigned his position in October last, to return to the practice of law; Mr. William P. Cutter, Chief of the Order Division, goes to Northampton, Massachusetts to become Librarian of the Forbes Library; Mr. Roland P. Falkner, Chief of the Division of Documents, goes to Porto Rico as Commissioner of Education; Mr. Theodore W. Koch, of the Catalogue Division, goes to Ann Arbor to become associate librarian of the University of Michigan; Mr. Robert K. Shaw, of the same Division, to
aThe number of employees engaged upon arrears is about 60.


Rejort ofthe Librarian of Congress


Brockton, Massachusetts, to become librarian of the public library of that city; Mr. Claude B. Guittard, of the Order Division, leaves us for the nearer post of librarian of the Coast and Geodetic Survey (for which he qualified by competitive civil service examination); and Miss Hester Coddington returns to Madison to become head cataloguer of the Library of the Uiliversity of Wisconsin; as Mr. Clarence W. Perley has returned to Chicago to become chief classifier of the Newberry Library, a library for whose service in other lines Mr. C. J. Barr and Mr. Charles H. Brown had already left us. During the past three years, besides several employees for subordinate work in as many libraries, we have supplied in addition to the above, a librarian (Mr. John P. Kennedy) for the State Library of Virginia, and another (Mr. Phineas L. Windsor) for the State University of Texas. Mr. Cutter came to us as a librarian of experience and repute gained in a position of independent responsibility. He came from one field of library work; he leaves us for another field quite different, but stillof library work. Doctor Falkner came, not as an experienced librarian but as a specialist in a certain department of knowledge which forms the subject-matterof alarge part of the material with which, as Chief of the Division of Documents, he was to be concerned. He came from a work of instruction, as an Associate Professor in the University of Pennsylvania; he goes to the administration of another work of instruction as Commissioner of Education for Porto Rico. The highest positions in the Library, those in conduct of the several divisions, though by preference to be filled where possible by promotion, will, in many instances, at least for certain critical periods, benefit by the appointment from without the force of a person who has demonstrated ability in responsible conduct of a library, or one who as a specialist


Report o the Libranan of Congress f

may bring expert judgment in the selectio~~ interpretaand tion of material, even though unversed as yet in the technique of its administration. It is to be hoped that in the long run the Library, with theother opportunities for productive research at Washington, may offer suecient attraction to keep the service in these staff positions substantially stable. T r a i n i n g ofi The departure from our service of many skilled and expered by library rienced workers in subordinate positions is a serious loss not ~vic~ readily to be made good. Yet it represents a tendency to which we must submit, in which, indeed, we should take a certain satisfaction. For it implies that the National Library may become a training school, at least a school of useful experience for library workers in advanced fields. I t implies that association with its great collections, its extensive bibliographic apparatus, its (in intention at least) scholarly methods, its corps of trained scientific experts, its unique and varied activities, and its varied and exacting constituency, is assumed to qualify for the conduct of responsible work elsewhere. The prestige which this association confers is one of the inducements that it offers to its service. We can not complain if it operate to deprive us from time to time of an efficient employee, for the opportunity for a more independent or more remunerative position elsewhere, to which this prestige may lead, was itself the essence of the inducement. The supply of trained workers to other libraries opens now an interesting, if unpremeditated, possible service of the National Library to the country at large. The Library could not take the place of the library schools; it can not undertake to teach the "elements;" it can give no useful experience in the operations and methods of a library of the popular type; it has no department for younger readers. The experience which it offers can be fully useful only to a

Rrport of the Libranan of Congress


student who has had a broad and thorough general education, and promptly useful only to one who has added to this, training in a professional library school. Rut to those well equipped in these preliminaries a few years at the National Library can now, I believe, be regarded as an experience af high stimulus and utility for that advanced service which will increasingly be demanded in those of our libraries serving the investigator, and which will not be superfluous in any of them. To the satisfaction which it must feel in affording such a11 opportunity, with the resultant gain to other libraries, tlie National Library will add another: That each trained worker who goes out froni its service will take with him a kiiowledge of its methods and its aims. I t does not propose its methods as a model for other libraries; but its aims are to serve them, and a knowledge of its methods-as of its collections and organization-is necessary on the part of the correspondent library which is to utilize fully the service that it desires to render. It will thus hope to regard arid a coneach graduated worker as in a sense an ot~tpost tinuing associate in a work which is not confined to Washington, but which seeks to be understood and utilized throughout the country at large. The place of Mr. Clark in November last was filled by the appointment of Mr. George Winfield Scott, not a practicing lawyer (although educated to the bar and a member of it), but one whose special education in the department of public law (in which he had specialized at several American universities and been instructor at one) seemed to promise useful service in the development of the Law Library in a directioli which heretofore has had little attention in its conduct. The administration of the Order Division has been ten,porarily arranged for by the assignment to it of Mr. Edward



Report of the Librarian of Co-~ress

L. Burchard, late Librarian of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, who came to us from that positioii last fall, in the first illstance for special service in connectioil with our publications. Mr. Burchard was for some years Librarian of the Field Colunibiaii Museum at Chicago; and while still Librariail of the Coast Survey acted as Librarian of the newly organized Department of Comillerce and Labor of which that Bureau became a part. D! Falkner's resignation became effective October I . I t is probable that for the conduct of this Divisioii I shall arrange temporarily by a readjustment withill the service, deferring a permanent appintnielit until, perhaps at the expiration of the present fiscal year, the relation between this Division and the Law Library and the Bureau for indexing legislation (if established) shall have been determined. E~fimales and My recommendations for the present year included two rtcommcndalions positions not granted: One a stenographer at $goo for the Division of Periodicals, the other a clerk at $600 in the Copyright Office. They included also certain increases of * salary, repetitions of a residue formerly recommended as necessary to an equalization of the service. With these the organization would reach the plan submitted by me to Coilgress five years ago, and which must, I think, be considered a normal for peremptory present needs. In my estimates for the coming year I accordingly content myself with a repetition of these recommendations. I ask no addition to the service and no increase of salary beyond what they embody. I repeat, also, however, the recolnmendatioil that the appropriatioii for the general increase of the Library (now I n d a (0 com- $go,ooo) be made $ I O O , ~ ; and the provision for an Index pavalt w legislato Comparative Legislation, as follows: lion
" For services during the fiscal year 1906 in connection with the work of preparing an Index to Compara-

Rejod of the Librarian of Cotz~vess


tive Legislation, including also subscriptions to and purchase of publications and otlier necessary material, and for traveling expenses, transportation, stationery, postage, and all incidental expenses incurred therein,

The report of the Register of Copyriglits appears as Appendix I1 to this report. The principal statistics of the business are as follo\vs:
Fees received and applied






Fiscal year9 0 -

--- I
Domestic (50 cents) entries.. ................. a3.219. Foreign ($I) entries .... For certificates. ......... :2,63r.m For assignments recorded For searches.. .......... &2,173.50 &I, 8,538.m 8,633.03 12.5fq.50 13,223.50





Lld 340.00


116,760.m 10.41o.m 14,556."



Total .............. Total number of deposits received (material of all classes. including duplicates). .. Total number of entries. Total communications received, i 11cl11d n g i parcels, but excluding deposits noted a hove ................ Total mmmuuications sent ant (including letters written) ......

141.444 w, 798

I n my report of last year I noted that the domestic entries had of late tended to increase at a greater rate than the foreign. The returns of s x as against five years have i reversed this.


RL$OYLf t h e Libraman o f Congress o

I t will be noted that during the past year the number of entries has passed the ~oo,ooo mark. The fees from copyrights are covered into the Treasury and not applied directly to the maintenance of the Copyright Office. They form a regular revenue of the Government, however, giving a net revenue over the direct expenses of the office, as appears from the following conlparison:


RccciPf5 E.rpenses

and Fees covered in during the fiscal year 193-4, as above.. . $72,629. oo

Salaries, as stated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $70,260.70 Stationery and sundries. ..................... 902.75




Ket cash earnings



The amount expended for salaries ($70,260.70) includes the sum of $4,680 paid in salaries to certain employees who have been classifying and crediting the old deposits received prior to I 897. This expel~ditrlreis chargeable to arrears. The czcrrenf expenses of the office are therefore considerably more thail met by the c-urrcnf receipts. T h e above statement includes all disburse~neritsexcept the cost of furniture, of printing, and of binding, but only cash recet;bts. In addition to cash fees the copyright business brings each year to the Government, in the articles deposited, property to the value of many thousands of dollars. During the past fiscal year 184,799 such articles were received. The value of those drawn into the Library itself of course far exceeded the amount of the net cash earnings. The work of the Copyright Office is divided into two portions: ( I ) the current business, covering applications received since the reorganization of the office under the Register in I 897 ; ( 2 ) the arrears-the classification, credit-

Rcy5ort of the Librarian of Congress


ing, and indexing of tlie entries and deposits prior to 1897 (i. e., from 1870, when the office was first placed under the Librarian of Congress). T h e current work of the Copyright Office is now kept as nearly up to date as is possible in an office where the daily business is so fluctuating. During the year the title registrations have varied from 107 in one day to 4,031 on another day. A clerical force large enough to clear off immediately the applicatioiis received on exceptiorially busy days would be idle during the clays when a small number of applicetions were received. Owing to this fluctuation in the liuniber of applications ( a matter over which the office has no control) a system of adiiiiilistration has been found necessary that will admit of an immediate shifting of clerical force to any congested spot, so that there can be a prompt clearing up of the accuniulated business. On the 2d of July when the report of the Copyright Office was submitted, tlie remittances received up to the first niail of that day had been recorded and acknowledged. T h e account books of the bookkeeping division were written up and posted to June 30, and the accouiits rendered to the Treasury Department settled up to and including the month of June, while earned fees to June 30, inclusive, had been paid into the Treasury. All copyright applications received up to and including June 30 have been passed upon and refunds made. The total unfinished business for the full seven years, from July I , 1897, to June 30, 1904, amount to but $436.91, as against a total of completed business for the same period of $449,277.50 Titles for record in all classes have been dated, classified, and numbered to June 30. All titles are indexed up to June 30, except Class A (books) and Class C (musical compositions), which are indexed to June 29.


Tifle~ rfcordcd

Cop~righld e posits

Rcjort ofthe Librarian o Congress f

The articles deposited are stamped, catalogued, and credited up to the receipts of June 27 of Class A (books); June 25 of Class E (maps and charts); Class F (eiigravings), Class G (chroinos and lithographs), and Class H (photographs); Class I (original works of art), are credited to June 30; Class C (music) and Class D (dramatic compositions) to June 28, and Class B (perioclicals) to June 30. The Catalogue of Title Entries has bee11 brought forward to No. 678 of June 30, 1904. Tlie certificate and noncertificat entries (all classes except A and B to June 27) have been recorded to June 29, inclusive, and certificates to June 27 made, revised, and mailed. During the past seven years the business done shows as follows:
Total number of entries.. ............................ 637,749 Total t~umberof articles deposited.. .................. 1 , 4 7 1 9 Total number of fees received and applied.. . . . . . . . . . . h , g 277.50 Total expenditure for service.. ....................... $352,92576 Net receipts above expense for service.. .............. $9635 1.74

During the thirty-four years since the copyright work became a business of the Library of Congress the total number of entries have been 1,518,605. Of the total number of articles deposited during that time there are in the files of the Copyright Office, exclusive of those transferred to the Library proper, 1,289,028. Of tlie articles deposited only a portion are drawn into the collections of the Library proper. The remainder are kept in the files of the Copyriglit Office, stored in the cellar of the Library building. The articles thus accumulated already exceed a million. They are not of a character to be valuable in a National Library, still less to be of value in any other library. The obligation of the Government toward tliem is not expressed in law, the statute pre-

Report ofthe Librarian of Congress


scribing the deposit as a prerequisite for copyright not indicating the intentions of the Government toward the articles deposited. Those which can be used in the Library constitute a valuable asset, but the probable use must be such as to justify the considerable expense of classificatioli, cataloguing, slielving, and administration. There remain each year a large number of articles as to which this expense can not be justified. Thus far these have been retained. They are stored in the part of the building least available for other uses, arranged on cheap shelving, in the chronological order of receipt. Their permanellt retention would involve the maintenance by the Government of a collection already vast and increasing indefinitely at the rate of thousands of items each year-a collection useless for literary purposes and inert except for occasional reference in connection with litigation. Alternatives presented are: ( I ) The destruction, after credit given, of articles useless for the Library. This would be wanton, for an article useless for the Library may have value in commerce sufficient to tempt infringement." If litigation ensue, deposit must be proved and the article deposited must be produced to show that it is identical with the article claimed to infringe. ( 2 ) Destruction after forty-two years from the original entry-the ultimate possible period of copyright monopoly. The objections to this might be less. (3) The return to the holder of the copyright of such articles already accumulated, and systematic return hereafter to the applicant for copyright of the articles deposited (so
a In a suit now pending some ~o.caoentrles must be proved of serial publications, which, appearing later i u permanent form, ceased then to have value for the

Library. The damages hid in this suit reach, I believe. nearly a million



Report of the Libranan of Congress

far as useless to the Library) after they have been credited. Tlley would bear the stamp of the Office as deposited, in accordance with law, and thus, with the certificate, be available for production in court should need arise. In the meantime, however, they would be preserved at liis expense instead of at the expeiise of the Government. I may later submit to Congress some recommendations in the matter.



T h e appropriatioil of $45,000 for furniture, including esp;c;ially for the year all outfit of mechanical window shades for thh main book stacks, has been, as usual, expended almost wholly for permanent improvemeilt and equipment of the Library. For the smaller and portable articles, such as card catalogue cases, desks, tables, chairs, matting, window shades, additional steel trays and cases for the Card Section of the Catalogue Division, file cases, book supports, etc., about $rq,ooowere expended. These articles also included 2,704 bronze number plates for the public catalogue trays in the main Reading Room and some outfitting of plain furniture and floor covering for the Law Library in the Capitol. AS anticipated in the last report, the Division of ManuDivizion o Manf uscr<pts scripts was removed to permanent quarters in the second story of the northwest pavilion (Room G 4) and given the use of a considerable portion of the book stack which was constructed last year in the north curtaiq (Room H 4) and well adapted for the growing needs of the Division. I n the pavilion ( G 4) the division has been partially fitted up with transparent screened inclosures, a large tray case for the card catalogue, a number of desks, tables, atid chairs, and a specially devised ceutral circular table with glass dividing
oThis passage is contributed hy the Superintendent of the Library Bullding, under whose coutrol are expeud~tures this purpose. for

The Card Section has compiled five additional bulletins H in explanation of the system of card distribution; and the Copyrightfifth edition of its Bulletin on the Copyright Law of the United States as now in force; also further Information Circulars, e. g., as to the interim copyright act, and importation under it, and as to the copyright treaty with China. The List of Foreign Copyright Laws compiled by the Register and appended to my report for 1903 has been issued also as a ' ' separate. ' '

~ ~ : ~ t z ~ ~ f l O u :

Nine pcrsolls 11:lve co~~tributetl sums a i ~ ~ o u ~ ~to l l g t i $86.25 for street-car tickets to ena1)le l)li~ldpersons to attend the readings and ~iiusicals. T)llrii~gthe past year there were 166 reatli~~gs ailti 40 ~~iusicals. There \\,ere 168 volu~~teer readers and 1 4 7 inusicia~~s. r I he total :~tte~~tlalice of 1)lincl ( r ,296) and seeing (6,344) at tlie rendi~igsa11t1 11111sica1sreached 7,640. The total 11u111ber visitors to tlie roo111 \\.as 21,527. of


The report of the Register of Copyrights is as unr~al :~ppendedill full (Appendix 11). X report preparecl by , him oil C'opyrigl~till Co~~gress, r?Sc)-~goq ( a conti~~uation .I-of the statellleiit \vliicli formed Part 111 of illy last Report) ( r forn~s special publicatiol~ a about to be issued. This, as the 1 1 preceding, tlesen-es careful coiisitleratioi~in c o ~ ~ n e c t i o ~ i with 1 ally nlovelllent for the revision of our copyright law.





The United States Governmelit Board allotted $13,ooo toward the expense of an exhibit by the Library of Congress. T h e space providetl (only 2 , 0 0 0 square feet) was meager for the display of inaterial characteristic of the coll&tions tl~emselres,co111d such have safely been trusted in an alnou~itreally significant to the hazards of the jourliey and location in all inflamlnable building. I t was, nloreorer, l ~ r o k e ~ i two by a public aisle. Ail ill exhibit was, however, undertaken as varied and as suggestive as the circunistai~cesseenied to permit. A clescril)tiot~ of it is given in X p p e ~ ~ t lYIII. is

Apart from a revisioi~of the copyright law there i. needed certain legislatio~~ which will facilitate the current
--u rr .r p..

admi~listrationof the Library. lowing:

I note especially the fol-

( , I ) Will confer upon the Library the privilege of free

registration of mail matter, already accorded to various departnle~~ts bureaus of the Gover~lment. and ( 2 ) Will r e ~ ~ d c r explicit the privilege upon the part of copyright a p p l i c a ~ ~ofs free t r a ~ ~ s l ~ ~ ito sthe ~Copyright t s io ~ ) ! Office of :~rticles tleposited mlder the copyright law. The ' privilege was grnntetl in 1867, repeated ill 1870, lxlt has I~een cast intod(ml,t. at least by s ~ ~ h s e q t ~ m t general legislation. ..1 3 ) %Till si~nilarlyrender explicit the privilege of free transmittal it1 general of mail matter to and from the Library of Co~lgresson the public business. Tllis has been assumed, but only under the provisio~is Ia\v touchof ing executive business of the Government in general. T u r z y laat. The i~lclusion of ~ I Z Z L S ~ r c / ) v o d ~ l ~ f i o ? ~ . ~ C, o/ /)hotc?yraphs, alzd ul/ other Pril~ted ?~rntcrialbot~lldor r l l r bolr?zd in the descriptio~i the articles which, under the of act approved July 24, 1897 (par. 500 of sec. 2 ) may be inlported free of duty for the use of the Library of Congress. Music the Library lnay now iinport otll?- r111der paragraph 503 (which exempts public libraries in gei~eral). Reproductions of photographs are not now provided for in either paragraph. 3 1 1 some the Library has already actually paid duty--contrary to the n~anifestitltentiotl of Concollections and use gress that material for the Gover~lrnet~t sliould enter free."






.- .

... . .. . .

-- -. ... .

. .


.. -

. -




P:lrngr;ll)li 5w is now n s follows: "SEC.2 . 'I'hnt on aiid after the passageof this act. 11n1css otherwise +pccially providrd for ill this act, the following articles w h e ~ limported shall be exernyt fro111 duty:






.'goo. Dooks, engravitigs, photographs, rtchir~gs (hound or ~ ~ t i h o ~ ~ ~ l ~ )~ and s r d , b y charts imported by ailthonty or for the use of the llnited States or for t h e use of the 1,il)rary of Collprcss." T l ~ rsprcificatio~~s pnmgraph 503 are "hooks, maps, music, photographs. of etchings, lithographic yriuts, and charts specially imported, etc."

Appendix Ia


*~YE:~~i Expended




SALARIES I 1,ihrary service: G e ~ ~ e r.............................. bz35,*.w al 1 S1111day.. lo,wo.w Special 11 2,739.33 4, goo. w Distribution of card indexes. Copyright Office ........................ Iota1 ............................... 1NCREASE OF LIBRARY Purchase of books ...................... IBurchnse periodicnls.. of Purchase of law hooks.. Exchailge of public documents. ........ Total


$ 2 3 5 , ~03 ~ . ~ 9,414.06 2.649.33 4,899. yo $548.97 575. '44 90.c 2 .

. 10


- 179.30 1.394.31



Contingent expenses .................... Printing nnd binding.. ..................1 Gralld total
a b r


574. W 7.3m.m 185,an.w 615.839



....................... .(

i- 162.04 . 145. 39,837.95 --

, %.% :





Balance of amounts appropriated by acts of April 28, 1902, and March 3, 1903. Nominal only. Will he exhansted by orders outstanding. Exclusive of $1,5w to he expended by the marshal of the Suprenle Court for new b o o b of reference for that body.

Ohject of expenditure

1 Amount

Stationery supplies ...................................................... .; &. w5.M Care and ordinary repair of automobile delivery wagon ................ 511.22 Extraordinary repair of automobile delivery wagon due to accident ... nao..w New battery for automobile delivery wagon.. .......................... m7.37 Horse hire and care of wagon. ........................................... 695.70 461- 1.3 Travelillg expenses.. .................................................... Dies, presses, and n ~ b b e r s t a m p s . ...................................... .: . ~4.85 Typewriter supplies. ................................................. 398.q stemps (foreign correspondence) ............................. .I aj6.m Tools.. ............................................................... .I 19.20 Telegranls ........................................................... CH. 8s Post-office 1mx rent .................................................. 16.00 25. w Insnrance, Hubbard collection of prints:. .............................




. -

......................... .................................. - ............... ................. ( 101


.I .I



Appendis Ib


Cre~~eral adrllinistratio~l:I:or 1,il)rariallof Collgress, $6,000: chief assistant librarian, &,oc,o; cl~icfclerk, $2.500: Libraria~l's secretary, $ 1 , s m ; clerk inssista~lt to chief clerC), $r ,OM): 2 stenogral)hers :inti tyl)e\~ritcrs, $1 ,ocm each; at nles.;ellger, $:i&o: in all, $ r 3,140. hIail mtl supl,ly: For :lshist:uit in charge, $1 ,500; assist:111t.$c)c,o: nlcssenger boy, $360; i l l all, $2.760. I'acliir~g alltl stanlpilig: For -. attelltla~lts, $720 each, at 5 ,440. Order i purchasillg j : For chief of divisioll, $2,500; :~ssist: I I I ~ , $ I ,500; assistant, $ 1 , 2 0 0 ; 3 assistants, at $900 each; 2 assistants, at $720 each: 2 assista~lts. $ 6 ~ ) at each; assistant, $520; arltl 2 lllessellger l)ops, at $360 each; irl all, $1 I ,730. Catalogue and shelf: For cllief of divisio~~, $3.r~m; assist5 at ~ 6 ants, at $1,800 each; 7 assistn~lts, $1 , 5 a e:~cl~;assista~~ts, at $ I , ~ O O each; I 2 assistants, at $ 1 , 2 0 0 each; 6 assistants, at $ I ,ooo each; I 4 :lssista~lts,at $900 each ; 4 assistatlts, at $Xoc~each: I 3 assista~~ts, $720 each; 3 assistatlts, at $600 at each: ro assistants, at $540 each; 4 assistants, at $480 each; 6 nlessengers, at $360 each; it1 all. $87,740. Di~ldi~lg: nssistat~tit1 charge, $I , 2 0 0 ; assistant, $900; For nlesserlger hop, $360; in all, $2,460. l<il)liogrnphy: For chief of division, $3, w o ; assistant, $1.200; 2 assistants, at @looeacl~;assista~~t, $720; stenographer, $900: arid I lliessenger boy, $360; in all, $7,980. Reading rooms (inclucli~lgevening senrice) and special of reading room, $3,000; 2 collections: For suprtri~~tende~lt nssistallts, at $I ,goo each: 4 assistants, at $I ,2oo each: I assistant (reading root11 for the I)lilld), $ 1 , 2 0 0 ; 5 assistalits,

at $900 each; lo :lssist:unts. at $720 each: r attendant. Scnate reatli~~g room, $goo; I a t t ~ ~ ~ d :Kel)rcse~ltativCS' ~~lt, reatling roolii. $900; I :~ttentlant, Represei~tatives' re:ltlingroom, $720:. 2 a t t e ~ ~ d a ~ ~ t s , rooiils, at $720 cacli: r cloak : ~ t t e i ~ t l aToiler X4ibrary,$goo; I :~ttcl~dant, ~it, \\iasliingtorlia~i I,il)rnry, $ 9 ~ 4 messenger boys, at $360 each: 2 \vatch; men, : ~ t 7 2 0 e:lcIi; C ' V C I I ~ Iservice: 5 :lssistants, at Sqi3o $ ~~ each; I 5 assist:~i~ts, $720 eclch; in :111. $47,640. :lt Periotlical (,iilclrltling c v e ~ ~ i i i ~ service): For chief of tlivision, $ ~ . ( x ) o cllief assistal~t, ; $1,500; 2 assista~~ts, 5900 :lt each; 3 nssistcl~~ts, $720 each: 2 iiiesseliger bo~.s. ~ 5 3 0 ~ :lt : t each; for arrears of sortiug :u~tlcollatii~g:ni~tlto cl~al)le periodical reatling roorn to 1)e ope11 ill the evenil~gs.2 nsistants, at $720 each; i l l all, $9,620. Docui~~ciits: chief of tlivisio~~,3 , ~ assist:uit, 5 r .zoo: For $ : stenographer ant1 tyl)e~rriter, $goo; assistant, S72o; messellger. $360: in all, $6,180. M:uiu.script: For cliief of divisioi~~, 0 0 0 ; assist:u~t. r .=yx1: $3 5 assista~~t , $goo; iiiessenger boy, 9360; ill :dl, 95. ;(I$,. hIa1)s a11t1cliarts: For chief of dirisioii, 93.00 : :lshistn~it. g r . 2 ~ ; assistants, at $900 e:~ch;assistant. S72o; nlcssell2 ger boy, $360: ill :dl, S7,oSo. Music: For chief of division, $z,mo; assistant, 6r.400: assista~it. ?coo; 2 assistants, at $720 ench; niesseilger 1)oy. $1 $360; in all. $6,200. Prints: For chief of divisiori, $2,000: assist:~l~t,I , XIO; 3 S assisla~lts,a t $ 9 c a c l ~ ;iiicssclljier, $;Oo; ill :111. 55.3f.10. ~ Sinithso~~inn deposit: For citstotlia~~, ,goo: a-;sistai~t, $1 $1,200; nlesseilger, $720; lrlcssellger bo!., $60; i l l all, 83,'iSo. Congressio~~al Kefere~~cc 1,il)rary: For custotliaii. 51.5oc1: assistant, $ 1 ~ 0 0 ;a s s i s t a ~ ~$900; :~s>istai~t. t, 5710: -3 111~'ssenger boys, at $360 each; in all, $g,o4o. Law Library: For cr~stodia~i, $2,500; 2 assistallts. at $1,4oo eacli; messenger, $goo; assistant for evening service. Sr ,500; in all, $~,;oo. . COPYRIGHT OFFICE, under tlie directio~i of tlie I,il,rarian of Congress: Register of copyrights, $ ~ . o o ocl~ief : clerk a ~ ~ d chief of bookkeeping divisio~l, 52.000; chief of al,l)licatic~ri tli\rision, $ 2 clerks. at $1,800 each; 4 clerks, at 61 .Goo

each; 8 clerks, at $I ,400 each; ro clerks, at $I , 2 0 0 each; !3 clerks at $I ,000 each; 13 clerks, at $900 each; 2 clerks, at $800 each; 10clerks, at $720 each; I clerk, $600; 2 rilessenger boys, at $360 each. Arrears, special service: 3 clerks, at $ 1 , 2 0 0 each; porter, $720; luessenger boy. $360; in all, $74,700. For senice in co~~llection with the distributio~l card of i~ltlexes a~ltl other pu1)lications of the Library, $6,800. For special, tenlporary, and n~iscellaneousservice, at the tliscretio~~ the Ijhrarian, to contil~ue of available until expe~~decl, ,t>oo. $2 T o e11a1,le the Lil)rary of Congress to be kept open for and reference use from 2 t111ti110 o'clock p. nl. OII Su~ldays legal holidays, r n i t h i ~the discretion of the I,ibrarian, in~ clutling the extra services of enlployees and the services of additional employees tlnder the Librarian, $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 , or .so IIIIIC~I thereof as may 1)e necessary. INCRE.\SE I,IBK.\KY CON(:KE:SS: OF OE' For pnrchase of lmoks for the Lihrary, a~ltlfor freight, con~missio~~s, and traveling expenses incitlel~talto the acquisitio~~ books 1,y of purchase, gift, or e x c l ~ a ~ ~$go,ooo; ge, For purchase of l,oc>ks ant1 for periodicals for the law library, under the tlirectio~~ the Chief Justice, $3,030; of For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme Court, to 11e a part of the 1,ibrary of Congress and purcl~ased 1,y the 111arsha1 t l ~ e t ~ p r e Court, 1111rler of S ~~~e the direction of the Chief Justice, $1,503; For pt~rchase ~l~iscellaneous of periodicals and newspapers, $5,000; For expenses of e x c h a ~ ~ g i npublic documents for the g publications of foreign governmellts, $1,800; 111all, $ 1 0 1 , 3 0 0 . For nliscellaneous and c o ~ i t i n g rexpenses of the I,i11rary, ~~t stationery, supplies, and all stock ; u ~ d materials directly purchased, ~~tiscellalleous traveling exptrtses, postage, trans~ o r t a t i o u and all incidental espenses col~nectetlwith the , adn~inistration the 1,ibrary and the Copyright Office, of which SIIIII shall be so apportioned as to prevent a deficiency therein, $7,300.

LIBRARY III:IT.I?For saperiutel~deut the Library 1)uilrlof ing ant1 grouilds, $s,ooo: chief clerk, $z,ooo;clerk, $ I ,600; clerk, $1 ,qoo; clerk. $1 ,ocm; r incssenger: I assistniit incssengcr; 2 telcl>hoileoperators, at $ 6 cacl~: ~ captain of \\-atell, $1,400; l i e u t e ~ ~of ~\\xtcl~, a ~t $1,000; I S \\~itcllii~eii; c:trl)e11tcr, $()oo:l):~iiiter, $goo: forellla11of Ial)orcrs, $gtm; I.+ 1:ll)orers, at $4So c:ic.l~; 2 :ittci~~laiits 1:itIies' roolll, :lt $4So each; it1 2 cl~eckh y s , ;it $360 e;lch; illistress o f cl~ar\voii~ci~, $425; assistai~t ii~istrcss chnrwo~lici~, of S3m; 45 cli:lr\\-o111ci1: c.l~ief e!igiiicer. $1.500; I assist:iiit eiigii~eei-.Q i . 2 ~ ;3 ;\ssis1;111t ei~giiicers, $1 , o mc:~ch: elcctrici:111,$ 1 .SW; :issistai~t at clcctrician, $ 1 ,oar>; i ~ l a c l ~ i ~,$I i,ooo; n~acl~inist, i ~ ) ; \\-ire~ st, $q 2 men, at $900 e:ieli; l)luii~ber, $900: 2 elevator c o ~ ~ t l ~ ~ c t o r s , at $ 7 2 0 each; 9 fireti~ei~; skilled Inhorers, :it $ 7 2 0 each; ill', 6 all. $76!7Y5. For extra services of einployees aiitl atltlitio~ial eii~ployees untler the superititeudeut of lihrary hiiildii~g and arol~~ltls to provitle for tlie opening of the Library I)uiltling frc>ii~ until -. ro o'clock 1). 1 1 011 Sundays and legal holidays, $'.SOO. 1. For fi~el, lights, repairs, and miscellaneous supplies, clectric ant1 steani :~pl,arntus, reference books, stationery, ant1 all iilcitlental exl) ill coniiectioil with the custody, care, arid inaiiii-ci~;~iices:titl I)l~iIdil~g grout~ds, 3 2 , 5 0 0 . of and 8 For furniture. i ~ ~ ~ l \ i d i i ~ g partitions, screeiis, slielvii~g, :111d electrical work pertaiiiii~g thereto, $40,000.



Appendix I1
Il'tr,s/ril<qfol~,D.C , J I I2, loot ~ I he co~)yright l)usi~icss :ultl the work of the Copyright Offiicc for tlle fiscal year f r o ~ lJuly 1 , 1903, J I I I I30, ~ to ~ 10o4,\-c, s1111111larizct1follo\vs: are as
r \

The gross reccipts t l u r i ~ ~ g year were $:3.~02.S3 X f i ~ ~ 3 ~ t c . thc I)alallct. of $1,6y1.S4, r e p r c s e l ~ t i fulltls a~ltlI I I I ~ ~ I I ~g islletl I)u.sil~ess, was OII 11:lud July I , I L ~ ) l? ,n k i ~ ~ g u n total of 570.994.07 t o 1)e :~ccou~~tetl Of t l ~ i ~ I I I O I I I Ithc SIIIII of for. s ~ $2,2ol).3S was ref~ultletl,Ilnving 1)eell s c l ~ tto the C'op!.rigl~t Office i1.s cxcess fees. or as fees for articles 11ot regihtrablc, I r a \ - i ~ ~ g net I ) n l a ~ ~ofe $74,794.29. Tlie b a l n ~ ~ c e a r carried o\.er July I , 1904. ~ v n s $2,165.29 (represel~til~g trust f l ~ ~ l t l s , $1 .;ZX.AS, :111tl tot:xl ~ ~ ~ ~ f i ~ ~ i . s l l e d.since July I , 1Sy7l)~~.sille>s sevc.11ye:~rs-$.+gh.c)r ), leavir~): for fees applied tlu~ilig the fiscal !.ear 1903-4, $72,629.


l'lle appropriation u~n(le1)y Corigress for .s:llaries ill the .safaws Copyright Office for the fisc:ll year cl~tli~~,: ~ l 30, 1904, Ju t~ was $;0.440. Of this ~ I I I O I I I I the total expeutliture for sal~ aries \\as $ i o , ~ b o . i o or $ = . ~ ~ ) S . less tltall tlle net n n l o ~ ~ n t , JO of lees ear~lrtla11t1 pait1 illto the T r e a s ~ ~ r ) , T h e exl)c~~tli. Lure for s ~ ~ p p l i est:ltiouery, postage on forcig11 tllail matter, s, and o t h e ~ :~rt~cle.s, esct.l)t f u r t ~ i t ~ ~ r e , $902.75. T l ~ cI ~ C \\.as I essary furniture is 1):litl for o l ~ of :I sl)ecinl :11)1~01)rintio11, t a11t1 the co\t of tile rccortl 1)ooks. l ) l ~ l l e t i ~ ~ s , o t l ~ e r :111(1 p r ~ l ~ t erl~atteris cllnrged to the approl)ri:~tio~~ printir~g. tl for T h e f i g ~ ~ r for these expet~tlit~tres not xvailnl~le. es are

r OR

Rrport n thc Librarian o Congress f f

c ~ ) f i ~ , w ~ l T / c ~ copyrigllt ~ he ~

fees received ant1 paid into the United States Treasury during the last seven years, from July I , 1897, to June 30, 1904,an~ountto $449,277.50, while the slll~lused of t l ~ enp1)ropriations for salaries tlltrillg that period was $352,925.76,leavillg an excess of fecs over :ippropriations itsed for service for the seven years of

:$96,35 1.74.

I ) i l r i ~ ~these sallle seven years the articles received ns g deposits a l ~ l o u l ~ t a grant1 total of I ,oG8,79 pieces, iucludto I illg two copies c:~chof 54,9211)00ks a l ~ dl)nl~lpl~lt'ts, 34,335 leaflets, 46,865periodical colltrihcltions. 4,91,2 drnl~lntic colllpositions, I r 6,743 sep:irate ~lillnl)ers periorlicals, I 32,706 of m ~ ~ s i c acolllpositioi~s, 10,759 lllaps and charts, 33,011 l engravings, cuts, and prints, 10,801 chron~osand lithographs, 80,583 photographs, and 389 ~niscellnneous nrticles. I 1 addition to the above, 16.509 photograpl~s\\,ere 1 deposited to itlentify the same 1111nll)er original works of of art-pciintings, dra~vings,and statuary--of ~vhich the descriptions had been filed. Many of these articles are of consit1er:ible value.

Re?~~~ra/~or~s The



entries of titles for the fiscal year reached the highest number in the history of the Copyright Office, namely, 103,I go. Of these entries 92.720 were titles of the procluctions of citizens or residents of the United States ant1 10.410 \\.ere titles of works by foreigners. The fees for these entries were: Cnited States, 446,360;foreign. $10,410, or a total of 5956.770. , Of the foreign entries 2.649 \\-ere with certificates, and of the United States entries 24,863,or a total of 27,512 certificates, at fees n l ~ ~ o i i ~ i t to ~$1j,756. I11 addition, il g 1,600copies of record were furnished for $800 in fees: assigilments to the ~ l i l ~ l ~ b e r I ,093 were recorded and of certified, at a cl~arge $1,273, searcll fees cllnrged to of and the amount of $30. T h e details of the Copyright Office Imsi]less and applied fees are set out in Exhibits A , B, and C. Tllc number of entries in each class fro111July I , 1903, to June 30, I 904,as compared k i t h the numl)er of entries made in the previous fiscal year, is seen in Exhibit F.

Tlir \.nrious articles tlepositetl ill coliiplia~ice \\.it11 t l ~ e ~ , ; ; ) ' : , : "de-' ~ ~ ~ cop!.ri);lit la\v, \\hicl~ Ila\.c 1)ecu rccriptetl for, stalllpetl, creclitetl, illclcsetl. :~ntl c a t a l o ~ u r dtlurilix tllc fiscal year X I I ~ O L I I It~ 154,799. 'l'l~is is ;I K : ~ ~ Iof j ,?So over the preo I cetlill< fit;!.ear. 'I'lle I I ~ I I I of ) these articles i l l e:1c11 ~ ~ ~;..for tile .sir fiscnl !.e:lrs is sho1\-11 i l l E x l ~ i b i tG , nlld i ~ ~ t l i r a t e sgralltl total of r , c ~ ) O X , j r r c )articles receivetl ill tlie a six !.c:li-s. ~ O l ' Y R I C ~ l l ' I ' C.\'r.\I.O(;l.I*: . l S I > I S D E X
>, o 1llc usual for~l-(1113Kt61~1!' \-o11111les f tile Catnloguc of ,,t l c 1<11tries li \yere ~ ) r i ~ ~ t le)t~ r t:,r l t l ~ o u ~ch ~ ~ t a i u i l lIllore l, o g


elltries 111:111 t h e forir \.olu~~les tlie 1)revious fiscal year, for the 111111ll)erf ~ ) r i ~ l t ep:lges is less ( 4 , 9 7 1,), o \ v i l ~ g o the o tl t c:1:-eirli lllctl~otl f c o ~ l d e l ~ s : l t iused ill lilnkirlg t l ~ e o o~~ recluired statelnellts ot' nanic of clni~llal~t, (late, i~ilniber entry, etc. of ,I, ~ e l title intles cards for the fiscal !,ear ~luiiiljer16g,j80. r r t a i ~ . ~ ~ = ~ h .iftcr Ii:ivi:ig l,eell first used :IS t h e copy for the p r i ~ ~ t e t l c:~t:llogr~c reclui~-ed to I)e 1)rc~tlucetl\welily hy t h e act of C o ~ ~ g r e tof . ~llarcll 3 , I 89 I (, Fifty-first Col~gress,secot~rl ;. se>.sio~~, ch;lpter 565 ) , these c:lrtls are :ltltletl to tlie pe~-1113I I ~ I Icard ilitlexes of t l ~ rcol,yrigl~t c ~ ~ t r i e s ,~ l ~ i cnow ~ n h 111111ihe1- total of 1,075,000 cnrtls. :I

To!:~l t o 11r nrcoullted for . . . . . . . . . . . . $76, 994. 67 Ilciu~i~le~l. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 2~0.33 .... IX;~l:it~cr be n c c c ~ u ~ i t efi o r . . . . . . . . . . . 74, 794. 29 to l .ipplirrl a- fees t.:irned... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $72,629.ou J ~ ~ I L ~ cirriwl over L July I , 1 9 , ~ : I~cc* o Tri~stf u ~ ~ (.l.s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I , 72s. .$
I ~ ~ t i i ~ i ~) Il~~ ~e ~iClS S ,J u l y 1, ~ h y - 7 ,t o Julie I S I 3 ) . 1 9 ) 4 , seven years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


-- . -


. -

74, 794.29
Totnl i t . ~ ~ r.r1rt1c-~land paid j i l t ~ )the Trc:isurc tlurirlg tlie ;~.\.cII tiwx! 7e:lrs fronl July I , IS^;, to June 30, rqq. . . 449, 2;;. 50 Tot:ii ~iuti~~islled hiisi~iess tllr w\.eI1 gears. . . . . . . . . . . . for 436.91

R s v . ~ ( ~ ~ Sunlher J . ~ ~ o * ~ of

entries of United States protluct~ons recorrled. . . . Sunlher of entries of foreign productions recorrletl . . . . . . . . . Total nun1l)er of titles recorded.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Q2, 720
I<), 4 1 ~ )

703, 1.30

Xun11)erof certificates of I'nitecl States entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24, $63 Xumber of certificates of forei~ll entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.649 , otal ~ i u m l of rcertificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I ~


S u t l ~ b eof certitietl copies of record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . r Su1nl)er of a s s i ~ n m e ~ l t s recorded ..........................

27,512 -1, fnw



Pees for entry of titles, U~iited States protluctions. at 50 cents each .................... &6,3(k,. oo Fees for entry of titles of foreign productions, at $I each.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, .$IO.OO Total fees for titles recorded. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $56,770. a> Fees for certificates, Iinited States entries, at 50 cents C H C ~.I.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 , 431.50 Fees for certificates. foreign elltrie~, 50 cents at e a c h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I , 314.50 Total fees for certificates.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.756. iFees for certified copies of record, at 50 cel~ts each.. . . . . . %m. [w Fees for recording assignments.. ....................... I , 273. w) Sixteen searches made and charged for a t the rate of 50 ccnts for each hour of time consumed.. ............... 30. w Total fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .



The current work of the Copyright Office is now kept as nearly up to (late as is possible ill all office where the daily business is so fluctuating. During the year the title registrations have varied from 107 in one dalr to 4,031 oil allother clay. A clerical force large enough to clear off inlmediately the applications received on esceptioiiall! large days would he idle (luring the (lays ~vhen small 11umI)erof a applications were received. Owing to this fluctuation in the number of applications ( a matter over which the office

has no control) a s),steiii of ad~ni~listrntioli beell found lias necessary that loill :ithnit of ail ininlediate sliiftiilg of clerical force to :lily coligestetl spot, so that there call be a prompt cle:lriiig 111.) of tlie accnnllilatetl 1,iisiness. At this (late (J111y2 , 1904) ,LIIC' rclnittaiices received lip to "'co"n's the first i1i:lil of the tl:xy llave 1)eclirecortletl aiitl nckiion~letlgetl ; tlie accolllit l,ooks of the bookkeeping tlivisioii are ~vritten 1 1 :lilt1 posted to Jiliie 30, :u1(1 tlie accom~ts 1, rel~tleretlto the Treasnry I)cp:lrti~~eiit scttletl up to alitl i ~ i c l ~ l t l i n ~ are the iiiontli o f Jiine, while e:ir~ietlfees to June 30, incliisive, have 1)eeii 1':~itl iiito tlic 'I'reaslir!.. All co1,yright a1,l)licatiolis re~eivetlnp to :lii(l iiiclli(1iilg Jniie 3~ have 1)ct.n p:~ssetl upoli aud rcfilntls rnade. The l>usi~iess the fill1 seven years, froiii July for total ~u~fiiiislied I . 1H97. to Julie 30, 1904, aniouiits to biit $436.91. ~~ Titles for record ill all classes have 1)eeii tlatetl, classified, T i f I c rfrnvded ant1 iinilil)eretl to Julie 30. All titles are intlexed np to colliJune 30, except Class A (1)ooks) :1ii(l Class C (n~nsical positions ) . wliicli are ilitlexetl to Jiilie 29. The articles tlcposited :Ire staliil,etl, cataloglietl, ant1 cretl- i'"i5 ,Ps' ited 111)to tlie receipts o f June 27 of Class X ( l ~ o o k s ) Jiine ; 25 of Class E (niaps alitl cllarts), Class F ( eiigraviiigs), Class C= cchronios aiitl lithographs), and Class I1 (pliotographs ) ; Jiiiie 30 of Class I ( original works of art ) ; mliile Class C (iiii~sic) aiicl Class 1) (tlrmliatic conipositioiis) are credited to Jiiile 28, aiitl C1;iss 13 ( periotlicnls) to Julie 30. Tlie Catalogue of Title 1':ntrics has been brought forward to No. 078 of Jiliie 30, 1904. The certificate aiid iioiicertificate entries (all classes, except A and 13, to Jliiie 27) have 1)eeii recordetl to June 29, i~icll~si\.e. certificates to tlie same tlnte niatle, revised, :ind alitl iliailctl.

C'oi~gress, the a1>pn>priatii)li for the fiscal year just in act closetl, contiiitietl tlic sl~ecial force for work on the arrears of Col)yright Office l)usi~iessprior to Jnly I , 1897. Tlie exaiiiinotion and arrangeiiie~~t the I I I ~ S Sof tlepc,.sits has of been coritiiiued, anti a total of 80,770 articles have heen handletl, including the segregation and filiiig of 37,885


Rrjovt oftke Libvuviaft of Co7tgvcss
pieces of music and 23,694 iniscella~~eous articles (books, dranias, maps, engraviiigs, cliroinos, photographs, etc.). More tllati 8,000 index cards Isrere written, and 1.844 entries cleared and the necessary credi,ts made.




rrghf act


During the fiscal year covpred by this report six separate iileasures were preseiited to \giigress regartliiig copyright. L one of \vhich becaine law. This was an "Act to afford protttctioil to exliibitors of foreigi~literary, artibtic, or i~liisical \slorks at tlie Louisialla Purcliase Exposition, " approved Jauuary 7, 1904. Tllis act (tlie full text of wliicll is printed in the Appendix, pp. I 27-1 2g), gives to the author (or the heirs and assigns of the author) of any book, Inap, chart, clraiiiatic or illusical compositiou, engraving, cut or print, cliro~iio or lithograph, photograpli, pai~itilig, drawing, statue, statuary, or a illode1 or design intended to be perfccted as a nrork of the fiue arts, which is produced abroad and sent for exhibit to the St. Louis Exposition during 1904, copyright protection for an interim term of two years. dating from the receipt of one copy of tlie article in the Library of Congress, or, in the case of a work of the fine arts, of a description and a photograph of it. A fee of $ I . j o is required for the registratio11 of each title with a certificate; each volume of a book in more than one volume requiring separate e3try and fee. The fees thus received at x the Copjright Office are required to 1 paid into the Treasury of the United States. T h e act provides that no registrations are to be made thereunder after the 30th day of Noveinber, 1904. If during the two years' term of protection, in tlle case of a book, two copies of tlie original text of any suc11 book, or of a translation of it in the English language, are deposited in the Copyright Office printed froill type set witliin the limits of the United States or from plates iilade therefrom, or, in the case of a photograph, chrori~o, lithograph, two copies printed from negati\-es, or or drawings on stone made within the limits of the United States or from transfers made therefrom, are deposited, such

depo5it in either case shall be held to extend the term of the protection for the full terms of the present copyright law, viz, forty-two years. Escept ill so far as this act authorizes and provides for tcnlporary copyright protection it i\ not to he collstrtied or held in ally lnallller to affect or repeal any of the provisions of the Revised Statute.; relating to copyrights or tlie acts ame~ldatory thereof. After the passage of this act the question was raised whetlier it r e ~ ~ ~ o v e dinterdiction of iniportation provided the 1)y the act of Ptlarch 0, 1 3 9 1 , far as l~ublications so exhibited nt St. Louis and regihtered lll~tlerthe new law were conceri~ccl.and inquiry to this effect was submittetl by the Ger~nailail11)as.saclor to the Secretary of State, \vho transfei-rctl the i:~quiryto the Secretary of' tile Treasury and to the Librarian of Coilgress. The Hon. Leslie N. Shaw, Secretary of the Treasury, replied to the ambassador's [lnestion in theaffirnlative,1111derdate of March 1 2 , ancl the R.egi>ter of Copyrights stlbmitted to the Librariall of Congress a " Jlemor:li~duln" dated March 19, to the effect that the l~ohibition ill~prtationof the act of March 3, 1891, of does not apply to the articles nalned in section I of the 3ct of January 7, 1904."

In addition to the interin] copyright bill referred to above, ~vhich became law, five tlistiilct copyright iileasures were presented to the present Congress for its consideration. These were treated in various bills ant1 reports, but failed of enactment into law.

Coj?l~r<q/:ht profecfion.for translations oj-.forc<qn books
bill no.

On Kovember 16, 1903, Senator Platt, of Connecticut, senate introducecl "A bill to anlend chapter forty-nine hundred849 slid fifty-two of the Revised Statutes," which nras read twice, referred to the Senate Comnlittee on Patents, and printed as Senate bill no. 849. This bill proposes an amendment to section 4952 of the Revised Statutes, relating to cop!-rights, to the effect that in the case of a hook originally pub1i:;lled ahroad in a foreign language, if the author


.~ I'!I-I.;~.

l'or the full test of these o p i n i o l ~ s e e hppetnlix. I>]'. s


obtains a copyright for n translation of it witliin t\velve 111o11ths after the first pul)licatio~~ the 1)ook. 11c shall thus of obtain for the tern1 of the copyri~ht"the sole lil~erty printing, r e ~ ) r i ~ ~ pi~ ~~ ) l,i s h ivc:~tlof t ~ lg ~~g, ing, translating. ant1 d r a ~ ~ ~ a t i zthe~said book, n ~ i t l .ill tlic ii g case of :I dran~atic con~positiot~, publicly l)crforlniliq t ! ~ v of salne, or of c:lusi~~g to be perfor~nedor I-cprcse~ited it 11y others.




HOYZP hill

Ail error having occurred ill the first page of this 1)ill :IS origii~:lll!. printed, it wa.\sorderetlreprinted on Decciiil~clS. I()(),J, as Sellate bill 110. 2 2 - 9 . ' ' ni~cl n7as reportetl 1)y Seii:~tor Clapp, from the Senate Conlnlittee oil Patci~ts, J:~~iunry 011 Y, 1904, wit11 tlie recoi~~n~endatiot~ it pass \vitliout "that amend~nent.' ' t~o. This sa111enleasnre was i ~ ~ t r o t l ~ ~i cl ethe IIouse of Repl tl of o resentatives by Mr. Ci~rricr, Ke\v Hnlnpsl~ire, n I kcetilber 9, 1903. and was referred to the House Comn1ittt.e oil I'ntc~its:u~tlordered to be printed as House Iill 110. 64S7, e~~titlvti hill to alllend chapter forty-iiitie h ~ ~ t ~ t l rniitl "A e(l fifty-two of the Keviseci Stnt~ites." The bill \vns reportetl to the Ilo~tseI,y the C o ~ i ~ n ~ i ton e Patents on hIarc11 I , te 19oq,with an~et~tl~neuts, was referred to the House :n~d Calendar and ordered printed, and was reprinted \\.ithout chaage of number,(: the report being- also printed as House proposed by the Colnreport no. 12?)7." The nil~endme~lt 111ittee ou Pateuts (in addition to the shifting of some conlmas, and the chauging of " cha$tc,u 4 9 5 2 " to ' * .VY-/I'OIL +).52" ill the title of the bill) is the addition of n proviso t o the c-ffcct that the netI


' ' s11:1ll o111ynl)l>lyto a citizen or subject of n foreign state or 11atio11 whcit sltch foreign state or atio ion 1)ernlits t o citizens of the United States of America the beliefit of c o p y r i ~ h t on the same basis as is given to its citizens by this act."

Congress adjourned without further action by either ITo~tsi. on this hill.
-.. .

%:ort h e text of this hill see Appendix. 1)p. I.;X-I.:',. bSer~atc repnrt 110. 186; see Apperidix, p. 109. cFor t ? x l nf this h i l l .ire .4pperlrlix. ~ 1 ) ~ . i q - ~ j o . . dFor text of this report see Appendix. 11p.141-:.1.1.

A bill to establish a series of free text-books to be used *r0u3t 9-797 in tlie 1>1iLlicschools of tlie U~~itccl States was ii~troduced by Mr. Kuapp, of Ncm York, OII Jailnary S, 1904, aiitl was referred to tlie Ilonse Colllii~itter Ijclucatio~i oil aiid ordered printed. I t al)l)ears :IS House 1)ill 110. 9297 of the Fiftyeiglitli Cougreas, seco~itlscssioii, :~iidis priiited ill full ill the A\p~)eiidiso this report. 1):~ges144-145. The 1)ill was t iiot relxn-tetl 1):~ck tlie IIouse. to


Xlr. I',artlioltlt, of Missoliri, introdticed, on Jaliliary 8 , f f o r r ~ e b i l l ~ s request. " "A bill to anicncl title sixty, chapter Y32'' 11"" 1904. ' ' three, Of tlie Kevise(1 Statiites of tlie Uliitecl States, relating to cop!.riglits," \vliicli was refcrred to the House Conimittee oil Patents aiid ortleretl priiited. I t appeared as House bill 110. 9324, aiid on Ja~iuary 30 was reiiitrotluced, slightly altered, aiitl reprinted as House bill no. I 1450." T h e 1)urp s e of this bill is to secure the ii~sertioii tlie list of the in subject-iiiatters of copyright of the lollomiiig articles: "Any check, volicher, certificate, or other 1)usiiiess form entirely or partly printed." Congress has taken iio further action on this bill.
d. AJLiazit that ro$yr&,'rt b o o b h a ~ l e~ L J L V L fl$e set i ? the ~ I,Jr~itcd t a f f s S



On March 2, 1904. Mr. Tawney, of Minnesota, introducecl "A bill to amei~dthe copyright laws," which was referred to the House Conlinittee oil Patents and ordered to be printed. The bill appeared as House bill no. 1 3 3 5 5 , ~ aiicl prolwses a proviso to section 4956 of tlie Revised Statutes, \vhicli requires tlie deposit of American-made copies in the case of Imoks, pliotograplis, cliromos,, aiid 1 lithographs, that stlcli copies he accoinpa~iietl,y an affidavit that they have breii thus protltlced it1 tlie United States. on The bill was reported with ail aiiieiidr~ient April 26, 1904,
. -






- . -.


. -


n For text of thi- In11 ?cc .ippeudix, pp. 146-14; b For full text of this bill, sve Appendix, pp. 147-150.

I 16

Krlpovt o f fhc Libv~zrin o' Cb~lgvess 1.t f

referred to the House Caleiitlar. :~iitl ordered to be reprinted. The \)ill as aiiieiidetl provitles: "That accompanying the two copies of the book. photogral)h, cl~roi~io litl~ograpli recli~iretlto 11e clcli~.ereclor or depositetl, as herein pro\.idetl, there sliall be ail affitlavit uiitler the official seal of ally officer au'tl~orizetl atliiiiiii.;ter to oaths \vitl~i~i UiiitetI States, duly niatle 1,- the persoil tlie clesirii~gthe snit1 copyright or by liis tluly autliorizctl agent resicli~igi n tlie I ~ ~ ~ i t e c l settiiig forth States, or represci~tqtive that the two copies rccluirctl to he so tlepositeti hat.^ I)ei.ii printed froni type set \vith~>\tlic liniits of tlic 1:nited States or fro111 plates niade tlierefrohi, or fro111 negatives or drawiiigs on stoiie made withi11 the liniits of the Unitetl States or f r o n t r a n s f e r s ii~adetl~erefroni; ':: :k anl~d tlie place ~vithintlie limits of the ITiiitetl States at \vhicl~such type was set, or plates or negatives were made, aiid 1)y nhoni. " A seconcl section of the I~ill further provitles: ' ' That any person violating any of the provisio~is this of act or \rho shall be guilty of innking a false affitlavit as to his having complied with tlie contlitio~is tliercof for the purpose of obtaining a copyright shall I,e t l e e ~ ~ ~ e d of guilty ant1 thereof shall I)e puna ~iiisclen~eanor, up011 co~~victioti ishetl 1)). a fine of not inore than one thousantl tlollars, ant1 all of liis rights :~iltl privileges under said copyright >11:111 t11ere:iftt.r be forfeitetl. " HOUSP ~ p 0 1 1 I 'I'he hill wnh rcportetl 1)y hlr. Otis, of S e w York, from the rru A57 House Coii~itiittee011 I'ateiits, oil April 26, :ii1c1 the report was refcrretl to tlie House Caleiitlar and ordered to be printed as House report 110. 2857.11 The report states that the prehei~tlaw \vliicli requires the tieposit of two copits of a copyriglit ~~uhlication printed froin type set xvithiu the ITi~itetl States tloes not reqiiire any proof to be filt-d that such 1)ooks have been so printed, nor impose any penalty for failure to comply with this condition, and continues: "After investigation your committee have reason to hclie1-e that it is not only possil~le,hut that in some :nstances the present law has been evaded and violated to the i ~ ~ j r ~ r y of American lalmr, a t ~ d that this call be (lone with coinparative ease ntitler the existing law; that there is 110 rr111edy aild no means of enforcing this condition as to printing from type set by American labor and within our own conntry. That being the case, your cor~iniittee of the opinio~i that is




-- .-..


.... .. .. . .




. .~~




For tcxt uf this report, kcc . i p p e ~ ~ d i IxJ .~

I 36:

R@ort o the Librarian cf Congress f

5 1 6 . Books, or libraries, or parts o libraries, aud other f household effects of persons or families from forei,vn ~01111tries, if actually used abroad by tllelil not less tliali one year, and not i~itetlded ally other person or persoils nor for for sale. (.Fifty-first Congress, first session, ch. 1244,26 Stat. I,.,



[S. 2229. Caletitlar So. I%. Report KO. 1%. Fifty-eigl~tli Congress, aeco~ttlsesion. It1 the Se~inte tlte ITttitwtStates. Dece11iI)erS, of '903.1

Mr. Platt, of Connecticut, introduced the following bill; which was read twice alicl referred to the Colilinittee on Patents.
[ J a ~ t ~ ~8, r y 0 4 reported by X r . Clapp, withoat nmandtornt.] a 1~ ,

A RILL to arnerid chapter forty-]line hutidred and fifty-two of tlie

Revised Statutes.



f?(. if enacft-d 61. tlre S'rl~nfe House qf* Rejresel~fafives and of the U ~ i f c d Sfafes o i l ~ r ~ e r i cin Cof~grcss f a asscmb/ed, That section forty-llille hulldred aild fifty-two of the Revised Statutes be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to read as follows: " SEC. 4952. The author, illventor, designer, or proprietor of any book, map. chart, dran~aticor musical composition, engraving, cut, print, or photograph or negative thereof, or of a painting, drawing, chroino, statue, statuary, and of models or designs intended to be perfected as works of the fine arts, and the executors, administrators, or assigns of any such person shall, upon colnplying with the provisiolls of this chapter, have the sole liberty of printing, reprirlting, pnblishiug, completing, copying, executing, finishing, and vending the same, and in the case of a dramatic compsitioll of publicly performing or representing it or causing it to he performed or represented by others; and authors or their assigns shall have exclusive right to dramatize and translate any of their works for ~vhichcopyright shall have been obtained under the laws of the United States. " Whatever the author or proprietor of a book in a foreign language, which shall be published in a foreigu country


Rtlport o/ the Librariarz (f Co~tgress
I ~

[April 26. 1 9 4 , reported with all a r n e ~ ~ d n ~ e ~ ~ t . to the House. Calenclar. R I referred ordered to be printed. Onlit the part hracketcd and insert the part In it;ilics.]

A BII.,L to amend the coprrigl~t laws.


BE i f ~ 7 z a ~ fbydf/zc Scnnfe and Huz~scof h'cfirc.s~~~zfnfir~~~.~ c cf the U ~ l i f e d f a f t s o .-lurerira i~ Gong-YLTS a$sc'~zb/ed, S f That sectio~lforty-nille Ilul~dred and fifty-six of the Revised Statutes be, ai~tlthe same is hereby, amended so as to read as f ollo\vs: ' ' SRC.4956. No person shall be elltitled to a copyright unless Ile shall, 011 or before the day of publication, in this or ally foreig~l coulltry, deliver at the office of the Librarian of Congress, or tleposited in tlie 111ail within the Cnited States, atldressetl to the Librarian of Congress, at Washingtoll, Tlistrict of Columbia, a printed copy of the title of the book, map, chart, dramatic or musical conlpsition, eligmving, cut, print, photograph, or chromo, or a de.wril>tion of the painting, drawing, statue, statuary, or a motlel or design for a 1~7ork the fine arts, for w h i c l ~ h e of tlesircs a copyright; nor unless he shall also, not later tl~alitlre day of the publication thereof, in this or any foreign cwuntry, deliver at the office of the 1,ibrarian of Congress, at IVashington, District of Columbia, or deposit in the nlail within the United States, addressed to the Librarian of Col~gress, at Washillgton, District of Columbia, two copies of such cop!-right book, map, chart, dramatic or musical composition, engraving, chromo, cut, print, or photograpl~;or, i l l case of a painting, drawing, statue, statuary, model, or design for a work of the fine arts, a photograph of the same: Prozlidcd, That in the case of a book, photograph, chron~o. iJr lithograph, the two copies of the same required to be delivered or deposited a s above, shall be printed from type set within the limits of the .United States, or from plates made t.herefron1, or from negatives or drawings 011 stone made within the limits of the United States, or from transfers lnade therefrom. During the existence of such copyright, book, chromo, the importation illto the United States of a r ~ y lithograph, or photograph so copyrighted, or any edition, or editions thereof, or any plates of the sanie not made fro111 type set, negatives or drawings on stone made within the limitsof the United States shall be, and is hereby, prohibited