THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

COPYRIGHT OFFICE

FORTY-THIRD ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE

REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30

1940

UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

V

m

G

m r 1941

PUBLICATIONS OF THE COPYRIGHT OFFICE
The following publioatiom were h u e d in limited d t i o ~ but m y be had , (so far ae m y are still available) from the S U P B B I ~ N DOF T OCUMSINTB, ~ D
WASHINQTON, C., upon payment in advance of the nominal price given, which D. inaludee postage. Postal money orders or drrfts should be made payable [and addressed] to the SUPIUINTEND~NTOF D O C ~ N T BS t a m p and uncertified oheclca are not . 8coepted. B a m m No. 1 Paper, 1Sc.; doth, 35c. . d, Copyright Enactments of the United States, 1783-1806. 2d e . rev., 174 1906. pp. 8'. B ~ L E R W 8. Cloth, 65c. NO. Copyright in Congress, 1789-1904. A bibliography and ahronoloQcrl record of all proceeding6 in Congress in relation t o copyright. 468 pp. g9. 1905. BULLETIN No. 14. Paper, 10c. The Copyright Law of the United States of America, being the act of March 4, 1909 (in force July 1, 19OQ),se amended by the aete of August 24, 1912, March 2, 1913, March 28, 1914, December 18, 1919, July 3, 1926, May 23, 1928, and July 31, 1939, together with Rules for Practioe and Prooedure under mction 25, by the Supreme Court of the United States. 66 pp. 8'. 1939. B a ~ l r n ~ 17. Cloth, 66c. No. Decisions of the United States courts involving copyright. 1-1914. bcond enlarged edition. vi, 279 pp. 8'. 1928. BaNo. 18. Cloth, $1. Decision8 of the United States mu& involving copyright. 1914-1917. ix, 606 pp. 8'. 1918. B m ~ No. 19. Cloth, $1. m D e c i s i o ~ the United 6tah oourfa involving copyright. 1918-1924. of xi, 477 pp. 8'. 1926. BULLETIN NO. 20. Cloth, $1.60. Decision8 of the United States oourta involving oopyright. 1924-1935. xiii, 947 pp. 8'. 1936. BULLJETUP 21. Cloth, 75c. 356 pp. NO. Decieions of the United States oourta involving copyright. 1935-1937. BULLETIN NO. 22. Cloth, 7Sc. 327 pp. Decisions of the United States courte involving copyright. 1988-June 1989. DEAHAl'Xc COYPO~ITIONB COPTBIGHTEDN THE UNITZD ~ T A T E B , I 1870-1916. [Over 60,000 titles alphabetically arranged, with complete index to authore, proprietors, translators, etc.] 1 p. 1, v. 3547 pp. 4 . ' 1918. 2 vole. Cloth, $4. INPOBHATION CIBCUWBB. NO. 4.-Text d the Convention cresting an InterO national Copyright Union, Berne, 1886, 13 pp. 4 . No. 4A.-International Copyright Convention. Revised text, Berlin, 1808. 10 pp. 4'. No. 4B.-Additional protoool to the International Copyright Convention of t No. 4C.-InterneBerlin, signed a Berne, March 20, 1914. 2 pp. 4'. tional Copyright Convention. New revision, signed a t Rome, June 2, 1928. Frenoh text, with English translstion. 14 pp. 4'.
P

CONTENTS
Pam

~ p t e - , - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 Expenditures- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - , - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Copyrightentri~sndf~----------------------------------2 Summary of copyright bueinese- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - - - , - - - - - - - Fees for fiscal year- - - - , - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 E n t r i ~ ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 Accounte-----------------------,-------------------------------,3 Correapondence--------------------------------------------------3 Copyrightdepoeite-,-----------------------------3 Copyright 086oe Index and Catalog of Copyright Entries---- ---------4 Copyright bills in Congreae- ........................................ 5 International Copyright Convention- ----- - - - - -- - - -- - - - --- - -- 6

.

6 C. Yearly comperieon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 D. ~ t r a t i o n- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - s E. Articles depoeited- - - - - - , - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - _ - _ - - - - ~ 8

B. F e s s - - - - - - - - - - - - - - , , - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

REPORT OF THE REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 193940
WABHXNQTON, J d y 9,1940. D. C., SIR: The copyright b u s h and the work of the Copyright Oflice for the fiscal year July 1, 1939, to June 30, 1940, inclusive, are summarized as follows:
RECEIPTS

The gross receipts during the year were $341,061.35. A balance of $29,974.51, representing deposit accounts and un6nished business, was on hand July 1,1939,making a total sum of $371,035.86 to be 8ccounted for. Of this amount the sum of $17,975.20 was refunded as exmias fees or as feea for articles not registrable, leaving a net bdance of $353,060.66. The balance carried over to July 1, 1940, was $32,977.76 (representing deposit accounts and total unfinished business), leaving fees applied during the fiscal year 193940 and paid into the Treasury, $320,082.90. The annual applied fees since July 1, 1897, are shown in exhibit C. (see P. 7.)
EXPENDITUREB

The total expenditure for salaries was $274,285.43. The expenditure for supplies, including stationery and other articles and postage on foreign mail matter, ek., wm $2,340.68. The total expenditures were, therefore, $276,626.11. This sum, deducted from $320,082.90 fees received and turned into the Treasury, shows $43,456.79 to the cr& of the Copyright Ofice on the items in question. The total appropriation made by Congress for salaries in the Copyright OSce for the fiscal year 193440 as carried in the Appropriation Act wm $284,160. As kresult of reallocations by the Civil Service Commission incident to the reorgmimkion of the Copyright OSce there occurred an increase in the salaries of the p e r s o ~ e l amounting to $3,180, which sum was made immediately available for the fiscal year 1939-40. During the period of 43 years (1897-1940) the annual c u p p g h t business, as evidenced by the applied fees, increased over fivefold. During these 43 yeam since the organization of the present Copyright M c e the copyright fees applied and paid into the Treasury have' amounted to a grand total of $6,886,649,. and the total copyright

registrations have numbered over five millione (5,713,618). The a fees e m e d ($6,896,649) exceeded by $1,094,884.28 the total of d ries paid during the same period ($5,801,764.72). The large number of over 9,000,000 books, maps, musical works, periodicals, prints, and other articles deposited during the 43 years were of substantial pecuniary value and of such a character that the accession of most of these to the Library of Congress through the Copyright Ofc effected a large saving to the purchaae fund of the fie Library equal in amount to their price.
COPYRIGHT ENTRIES AND FEES

The registrations for the fisoal year numbered 176,997. Of these, 127,008 were registrations for published works at $2 each; 38,168 were registrations for unpublished works a t $1 each; 1,614 were registrations of photographs without certificatsa a t $1 each. There were a h 10,207 registrations of renewals at $1 each. The fees for theee registrations amounted to a total of $304,005.
Balance on hand July 1, 1939----- --- - ---- ------ --

Grow receipta July 1, 1939, to June 80, 1940---,----,,---------,341,061.85
Total t be amounted for........................... o Refunded-----,
-------------------,-------

--

-,-,----,----

$29,974.61

- ------

371,036.86 17,975.20

Balance to be accounted for-- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3S3,080.88 Applied aa earned fees $320,082.90 Balrnce carried over to July 1,1940: Depoeit accounts ------------------ $23,389.74 Unfiniehed buraineaa-,_,-,---------9, gOS. 02
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - e d - - - - e d e d e d e d -

32,977.76 853, oso.
m B FOB FISCAL YBAB 1 L

Fees for registration of published works, a t $2 - - - - - - - - - - - - , - - - - - - , 264,016.00 Feea for registration of unpublished worke, a t $1------ ------------ 38,168.00 Fees for registration of photographe without certificates, a t $1-- -- --1,614.00 Feesfor regi~tration renewals, a t $1- - - -- - - -------- ..----- ---of 10,207.00

__

Total frees for registrations made ....................... .-304,005. 00 Fees for certified copies of record, a t $1--,-----,------$1,590.00 Fees for recording aaaignmenta- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - , - - - - 10,844 00 Searchea made and charged for a t the rate of $1 for each hour of time consumed- - - --- --- -- - - - ---- --- -- 1,664.00 Notice of m r recorded (music) - - - - - - - ,---- ---- - - _ ---518 00 Indexing transfens of proprietorship --,-- - _- - - -_ -- 1,470.90 -----

----

10, 077. 90

Number o registrstions-----,,--,---- --------- $188,790 f ---,---,------10, - Number of renewah recorded- - - - - - - - , - - - - - - - - - - -207 - - - - - - - - - - - Total----..---,----------,---,------------------------- 176,997 1,590 Number o aertifkd copies of record f 2,533 Number o asaignmenta recorded or copied--------,---,---------f
ACCOUNTS

-

On July 6, 1940, the books of the Copyright OfEm were balanced for June, the accounts for the fiscal year were closed and the financial statements completed for the Treasury Department, showing that di earned fees to June 30 had been paid into the Treasury.
CORREBPONDENCE

The business of the Copyright m invdves daily contact with the c e public, transacted for the moat part through correspondence. The totd lettere and p d received during the fiscal year numbered 242,769, while the letters, parcels, etc., dispatched numbered 281,926. Both Sgurea show a considerable increase over last year.
COPYRIGHT DEPOSITS

The total number d separate articles deposited in compliance with the copyright law which were registered during the fhd year is 272,041. The number of these articlea in each class for the last 5 h a l years is shown in exhibit E. I t is not possible to determine exectly how completely the works wbich claim copyright are depositad, but in response to inquiries received during the year from the Card Divieion, Accessions Division, Law Library, and Reading Room in to have been copyrighted but not regard to 5,789 books sup@ discovered in the Library, it was found that 2,543 of these works had been rwived and were actually in the Library; 52 books had been deposited and were still in the Copyright Ooe;297 works either were not published, did not claim copffight or for other valid remom could not be deposited; while in the case of 261 works no answers to our letters of inquiry had been received up to June 30, 1940. Copies of 2,636 w o r b published in recent years were received in response to requests made by the Copyright O&e during the period of twelve months. Our copyright laws have required the deposit of copies for the! \rse of the Library of Congres~, and the act in force demands a deposit of two copies of American books and one of foreign books registered. The act provides, however, that of the works deposited for copyright, the Librarian of Congreas may determine (1) what boob or other

4

REPcmr OF T E E

EmxeJxs

OF acwygxiarsl

artides shall be t r a n s f e d to the permanent collections of the Library of Congress, including the Law Library, (2) what other boob or articles shall be placed in the reserve collections of the Library of Congress for sale or exchange or (3) be transferred to 0 t h governmental libraries in the District of Columbia for use therein. The law further provides (4) that articles remaining undisposed of may upon speczed conditions be returned to the authors or copyright proprietors. During the fiscal year a total of 171,738 current articles deposited have been transferred to the Library of Congress. This number included 77,814 books, 69,579 periodical numbers, 19,759 pieces of music, 3,053 maps, and 1,533 photograph- and engravings. Under authority of section 59 of the act of March 4, 1909, 1,661 books were transferred during the fiscal year to other governmcmtal libraries in the Distcict of Columbia for use therein. Under this transfer, up to June 30, 1940, the following libraries have since 1909 received the total number of books indicated below: Department of Agriculture, 4,617; Department of Commerce, 23,076; Navy Department, 1,879; Treasury Department, 1,496; Bureau of Education, 22,711; Federal Trade Comrnisaion, 28,954; Bureau of Standards, 2,094; Army Medical Library, 10,014; Walter Reed Hospital, 2,8g4; Engineer School, Corps of Engineers, 3,202; Soldiers' Home, 1,600; Public Library of the District of Columbia, 64,082. A number of other libraries have received a smaller number of books. In all, 189,653 volumes have been thus distributed during the last thirty-one years. The Copyright Act of 1909 authorizes the return to copyright claimants of such deposits as are not needed by the Library of Congkeaa or the Copyright OEce, after due notice as required by section 60. I n the ordinary routine of business or in response to special requests, 3,013 motion-picture films were so returned during the fiscal year.
COPYRIGHT OFFICE INDEX AND CATALOG O F COPYRIQHT ENTRIES

Under the Copyright OfEce index system installed in accordance with the reorganization plans, the cards covering all registered material, all mail received, and all assignments recorded during the present h c a l year number approximately 1,221,000. Beginning with the month of January 1940, part IV of the Catalog of Copyright Entries was changed from a quarterly to a monthly publication. At that time, in the interest of economy, changes were made in the annual index of fhe c a w .

COPYRIGHT BILL8 AND REBOLUTIONB I N COWRBSB

The following bills were introduced in the Seventy-sixth Congress: S.3043. A bill to amend and wneolidate the acts respecting copyright. I n t m
duced by Senator Thomas of Utah, January 8, 1940, read twice and referred to the Committee on Patenta. 3 R. 8283. A bili to reduce the amount of damages for infringement of . copyright of musical compoeitions in certain hot& end ofher places. Introduced by Mr. O'Brien February 1, 1940, and referred to the Committee on Patents. 8. 547. A bill to amend renewal =&ion 23 of the Copyright Act of March 4, 1908, by deleting from the second proviso clauee thereof the worda "when such contribution haa been eeparately registered." Approved March 15, 1840. (Public, No. 434, 76th Cong., 3d B.) 8. 2689. A bill t o amend m t i o n 33 of the Copyright Act of March 4, 1909, f by making more practicable the enforcement o the law prohibiting importation of piratical copies of copyrighted works. Approved April 11, 1940. (Public, No. 450, 76th Cong., 3d m e . ) H. J. Res. 433. To protect the copyrights and patents of foreign exhibitom a t the Golden Gate International Exposition, t o be held a t San Francieco, Calif., No. in 1940. Approved April 22, 1840. (Public R . . 62, 76th Cong., 3d leess.) H. R. 9685. Identical with H. R. 8268 above. Introduced by Mr. Qeson May 6, 1940, and referred t o the Committee on Patents. H. R, 9703. A bl to amend the Copyright Act o March 4, 1909, in important i l f partioulam, especially by extending copyrighf t o the performer's interpmtive rendition o a musical work and by providing for design copyright in the case of f eny manufactured product except for motor c a r and their acceaaoriea. Introduced by Mr. McGranery May 8, 1940, and referred to the cornkittee O Patenfs. n This bill is identical with the bill previously introduoed by Mr. MoGmmery on May 4, 1939 (H. R. 6160), and also identiocrl with the bill introduced by Mr. Daly on March 8, 1938 (H. R. 4871).
INTERNATIONAL COPYRIQHT CONVENTION

Senate Document No. 99, Seventy-aixth Congress, h t session. The printing industry and the proposed copyright convention. Presented by Mr. Hayden July 20, 1939, and ordered t be printed. o Respectfully submitted.

-.
ARCHIBALD MACLEISH, Librarian of Congress.

C. L. Bouvb, Register o Chpy~@hts. f

EXHIBIT A
STATEMENT OF OROBS RECEIPTB, REFUNDB, NET RECEIPTS, AND FEE8 APPLIED FOR FIBCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 80, IDM Month lQnms&prS( Refnnds

I Nst

receipts Psar -B

1

Blrlrncs brought forrard from June 30.1988 -.-....---.-..-----...-- .-.-. ....-.-.---- 61 . . -.--.. . $29,974. Net m i p t a July 1, 1988, to June 30,lW Qras m i p b-...-..---.----------------------------.------------------------Q)(1 031. %3 L ~ amount refunded. --. M ...-...---------- -- ---- ---- -- -- 17: 076.

---.--.----------aes. am,

16

Copyrl~ht applrea July 1 lOaO fees Balanoe carried forward to ~dy iw: 1, Deposit acamnts.. Unflnlshed bineal. - -. .- .--- - -- -- ------.-------.tststs.tstststststststststststststststststs

-.

l8.m.74 ----- ------------.-------- -----.. 808 00 9
tstststststststststststststststststststststststststs.ts

EXHIBIT B
RECORD OF APPLIED PEE8 Registrations of Registmt.tlo~ Begktratbun

BEPOaT OF THE

OF

EXHIBIT B--Continued
RECORD OF APPLIED FEES-Contlnued

I

I

I* n

I

1

I

EXHIBIT C
8TATEMRNT OF GR088 CABH RECEIPT8 YEARLY FEE8 NUMBER OF REOISTBk TIONB. ETC.. FOR' 4 FIBCAL Y E A ~ B

w=m be,rn.00
63, (181.60

64,967.00 63,874. m

T?,m.m

so,loa 00
Eq387.N)

m06ILm

-.-.-------. ----...---.-' 5,423 .----.....-1 , --.......-3m : 92,351 &rU 821 . - - - . - -. - . -. 97,OZQ 5,001 ....-..----. 108.18 6 161 --......---. 118,374 1 0 : ~ -----------7K,M5 80,088

,

warn
83,81&7K 104,84495 109. OW.95 119. m i 114. RI).RO 120 219 % iii 7s

iiitxasa iui on. lo 1 0 8 , ~ O 113, iia w la49225 1 aia 1s y 18%K 15 l a
149.W. 00 lazt44.00 153,eoo.as 196: l i 65

eai

117.m 4m, - - - L -------. 14FZB 9.W .------119,742 .-.-.....-.- & W 120,131 m, 109,014 --.-.-..--.11,051 114 188 9.124 120,031 5.733. 119 496 ' -------*---1,488 123: 154 S.669. 116 109 ..---......- 7, oal 114 0e7 774 .

----- -- -- - ------------

----

-...--.--.-.-.....-..-. ....-..-..-.

12&682' 136,aeO

;2E! lea094
loa,sra in,aaa

178,an.m Md8 T70

2ZE m:414. a ,
2aQ=a, as1 mLm

ms,89 ,0010

.---.....-------------.-..-.....-21 .-----------1 Sl, eM 172,701 1 0 , m . ---....-..-isc, scz ---..--...-- 1x1 a
,

13,569 8,718. 3,w lo a13 13: 743 3, I N . ll,m7 6,m. 9,914

----.-----------------.----..-.--. ----------...-.-.-----

2E2 2€ane.ao
aoq764.40

m: 70 sel.

lKl, 786 137 4 2 -----------!4 139:047 1,623 14&03l: l&Oea 14,091 1M,4!24 " 11 a 4 2

------------

a408280

; 179.987

-.---...-... ..........-. -........-.&ass ..-.......-ism -....-.-.-.3m -----------,
'

i2%

8

REPORT OF TH,E

a m m

OF (WPYRTGRTS

EXHIBIT D
NUMBER OF REGIBTRATIONB MADE DURING T H E LA8T 6 FISCAL YEAR8

aksl A

~ u b j e cmatter of coprr&ht t Boob: (a) Printed In the Unlted 8 Books proper Pamphlets, l e a f ~ & + ..---..-----. et& Contributiona to newspspas and periodicall

1 -

IS3047

1W7-M

---

1 -

1 -

8. 8W a7 C hcture8, semom, a d d m ---------------D Dramatic or drarnaticw-musled m m W thus. -. - . .- -.. -- . -- -- - - - - - - ---- 0,7.176 7,a 8.800 l E ~ u s i o acompositbus 8 . 1m was4 M,wl 1,198 1.200 F Mapa ..--.....--.--.------------.---------- m 1, O Works of art, models, or h k n r .---..-.-.-. stup UO H Reproductions of works of art. ...-..-.---... I Drawln or p l d c wmh d a lQntldc or t e ~ n R cti1 2.Del 2,808 a , a. lCtl J Photograph8......-----..-...-..-----------& 876 K Prints and pictorial illwtnUbna 80B 873 L Motion-picture photo &:: i:: 900 958 1,016 hi Motion icturesnot pi:~ .....--..--......-.---------------- Y ,932 8,180 R ~eaawni 8,SW 0.W ln

B

------...--.-----------11,748 11 M4 11.0%3 p~:147 82.m 80,827 ---..-...--------------- . 1 I 8 7 l @ , T0t.d -.-..---..-..-----.-. -------- 4o.m 476, am (b) Prlnted abroad In a forelm language-. d.841 4 6C6 8,66? (c) Engllsh boob registered lor ad Intaim copyright.. - .-. -- .- .---.---.-- .--. 1,. 1,113 1,177 TO@ -,.-.---.-.--...---..-.----.-7 , m ~ 7 4 0 , 6 Periodicals (numbr+r) 88,418
--.-..---.br+rbr+rbr+rbr+rbr+r-br+rbr+rbr+rbr+rbr+rbr+rbr+r

11.6lO W,OB1
O,MS

11,816
84,637

lS,m
al,m
& 604 !

-- -. -- -- - ...-.--.-----.---------

.....-..-..------------- 2,

T

mt.~---..-..-......------------------ ~ l a d , ~ m a ~ m a 1n.m
EXHIBIT E

---

.

NUMBER OF ARTICLES DEPOBITED 'DURINO T E E LABT 6 Ti8CAL YEAB8

ar ks
A

1
Tz
%
10~47 1 9 7 4

ym

4,W 1,m

c w

y,g 22
0.m a ws r
1:

m,7u

aosl

446

as17
$890

YE

811 lA,M

&%

lmw

8ub)ect mattea of copprbht

101bdd

IOS-~Q -~ $ 0 4 -

Boob: (a, Printed in the Unltul S b t a . B o o b proper-..-.-.--.-...--------Pamphlets, lenfi&, eta-.... --.. ---. Contributions to newspapus md perlodkh.....---.......-.-.. 7,.. ..

-

$z
cobs

(b) Printad abroad In a foreign

TO

w ..--. . .-. . - --- - - - - -. .. . .--

B
D E

c
F

O H I

L M

K

J

~ B mu4 7 4 ~ ~ u n , a m o m , .-..........-... e ~ . a7 rrr Dramatic or dramati~muslcal compositions. 7S9 7 888 Musical compoaitbna..-..-.-.-..----....--- @ 40:s~ 8d 40:010 I &s# Mapa ..-.-.-.-.-...------------------------8,114 2,JW 2,.W 242 ,!4 Works of art, models, or deaigna..-- l . .-.Reproductions o work8 o art. .-..--..--.-.f f a,? %"" 6% Drawings or plastic w o r b o a wlsntidc or f technical character.---.-..-. 8,m 4, l a 4,al &en Photographs...---.---.------.... 4,025 Prints and pictorial i ~ ~ .-----------~ t b ~ Motion-picture photoplags.--..-..---------1.686 1.781 Motion pictures not photopkya ...---.-..--1 743 : 1. W 1,189

--...-...---T ~ W --.--.-...-.-...----------- U)I,OBO 97167 Periodb.ls...-.-...-------------------------

(r) Engllsh works registered for=c o p ~ h t . .----------

aw , &W ~ , m I,= 1,1n

WIW

ww

~1,847

4-

lor.a2

sm

t,m

2%
" .

7;
2%

M11o.ns

+g

~ , w
46,162 4,014
8,W

:z
ac7

rrrrrrrrrrrrrr

hhhhhhhhhhh

?%

2%

2%
: %

&osl

2 E 1,668
1,683

TOW---.---.--.-......------.-------247,WB m,W 957,ZM

---.

lsqW7

m4 0l