India has been traditionally highly dependent on agriculture as majority of its work force relies on agriculture.

60 % of the Indian population directly or indirectly depends on agriculture. This population has always been at the lower rung of earnings. While the whole world looks at India as a growing power in Information Technology and Services, the future of the agrarian population doesnot look promising. Constraints in supply-chain and finances, environmental risks and productivity issues are the main reasons for lack of growth in this sector. If I were a leader, I would consider this issue seriously as rising disparities and rising suicide levels of these farmers can potentially create social unrest and convert India growth story into gloom story. First of all, I would like to address financial constraints. Government of India has launched programs like National Rural Employment Guarantee Program, subsidized loans and loan waivers during distress. Though self help groups, NGOs and other organizations played their part, the sector has not seen any progress. These institutions and solutions did not work because none of them has addressed the root causes of the issue. For example, subsidized loans are available to farm owners and not to farmers who lease. In reality, the big farmers – who own the farms, lease their farms to small farmers – who actually cultivate them and accept all risks and so, loan subsidies do not reach to right people. Therefore, the solution should address ground realities. Banks and policy makers often do not fully understand the dynamics of these farmers. A farmer, who takes the subsidized loan, may be tempted to use that money for meeting personal expenses – e.g. child’s marriage. Though loans are available for these personal expenses, such loans are prohibitively costly for these farmers. By considering all these factors, I would encourage financial institutions to subsidize loans for all these people and further link loans to farmer’s productivity. I would also encourage usage of risk

To counter this government will declare a minimum support price. Second. Apart from these two solutions. the middle men – who buy farm products and sell to retailers. the prices fall and middle men exploit by further lowering the price. This vicious circle cannot be avoided unless we think of long term solutions. if productivity does not rise then banks will be facing a risk of bad debts and farmers will not have any incentive to improve. Most of the times. As leader I would like to address this problem by helping farmers to store their products – like construction of cold-storage houses. using Information technology and Telecommunications.reducing methods in farming – crop rotations. However. as leader I believe in doing the right thing. these farmers can sell their products as required. Climate . Farming productivity is important because. I look forward addressing environmental constraints. To counter this inflation government increases the interest rates. The entire sector is monsoon dependent and seasonal. I would also bring entire nation under scanner to increase transparency of rates. so that. Finally. mixed crops etc. the crops are ready for harvest. thereby affecting all the industries – including agriculture. on long term. middle men only exploit a deep rooted problem of Indian agriculture. Though. are held responsible for creating artificial constraints in India. Whenever. I would focus on infrastructure issues faced by the agriculture community and address them. which in turn raises the inflation. rather than quick fix band aids. I would like to address the supply-chain constraints. quick fixes are often popular in politics.

the centralized body forms policies and advices financial institutions to constantly help agriculture community. I would create a centralized body which monitors and updates information. indiscriminate use of fertilizers. Most of these problems can be addressed through better risk management. depletion of water resources and irregular monsoons usually create problems for the entire agricultural society. To address these issues. I strongly believe that one need not move away from agriculture sector to manufacturing and services sectors to create sustainable development. I would devise risk management solutions for all types of crops and educate these farmers about these risk management activities. Creating a strong organization and taking tough policy stands can prevent these economic disparities and make nation’s growth inclusive. are available. For example. I would launch satellites to plan and monitor agricultural activities and environmental factors. farmers still use traditional methods. and climate information.changes. . Though. indiscriminate use of ground water has been primary concern in southern states of India. They neither have training and knowledge nor have incentives to follow such methods. The complete solution involves formation of farmer groups in each village and each group is equipped with computers/ devices which displays current market rates. Based on the data. I would look for technology to solve these issues. better methods – like drip irrigation. available cold-storage capacities. Some of these policies may be tough to implement.

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