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Tingkatan

:

SULIT

PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK SPM

TAHUN 2012

FIz,Il( Kertas 3
Satu jam tiga puluh minit
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOAIAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU
L.

Kertas soalon ini adaloh dalam dwibohasa.

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa
2.

Soalon dalom bohaso lnggeris mendahului soalon yong sepadon dalam bohosa Melayu. Calon dibenarkon menjowab keseluruhan atau sebohagian soalon somo oda dalom bohasa

Bahagian
A

Soalan
1

Markah
Penuh
L6 72 12
LZ

Markah Diperoleh

3.

2 3
B

lnggeris atou bohasa Melayu.
4.

4

Calon dikehe ndaki membaca moklumat di halaman belokonq kertas soolan ini.

Jumlah

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi14 halaman bercetak

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2

Section A Bahqian A
[28 marks] Answer all questions in this section. Jawab sernua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the increase in temperature, Afl of water and the mass, nr, of the water. The initial temperature, 9s, of a basin of water was rneasured with a thermometer as shown in Diagram 1.1.
Searang

pelajar menjalanknn satu elcsperimen untuk menyiasat hubungan antara kcnailrsn suhu, L0 bagi air denganjisim, m, air itu. Suhu awal, 06, bagi sebuah besen air diukur oleh sebush termometer seperti dituniukkan dalam Rajah 1.1.

OC

Diagram

l.l lRajahl.l,

A mass, m: 0.20 kg of the water taken from the basin was placed in a polystyrene cup and heated for 1 minute as shown in Diagram 1.2. The final temper&ture, B, of the
water is read on the thermometer. Diagram 1.3 shows the meniscus of the mercury column in the thermometer.

Suatujisim, m = 0.20kgbagi air daripada besen itu diletakkon di dalam sebuah cowan polisterina dan dipanaskan selama 1 minit seperti ditunjukkan dalam Raiah 1.2. Suhu akhir, 0, bagi air itu diuhr oleh sehuah termometer. Rujah L.3 menunjukkan meniskus bagi turus nerkuri dalam termometer itu.

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To power supply Ke bekalan kuaso
Tlrermometer
Temometer

Water

Air
Diagram 1.2 / Rajah 1.2 The procedure is repeated with different masses of water,

m = A3A kg, 0.40 kg,

0.50 kg. and 0.80 kg taken from the basin, The final positions of the meniscus of the i,nercury column in the thermometer are shown in Diagrams 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7.

Prosedur itu diulang bagi jisim air yang berlainan. m = 03A kg, 0.40 kg, 0.60 kg, dan 0.80 kgyang diambil dari besen ter:sebul. Kedudukan-kedudukan akhir meniskus bagi turus merkuri dalam termometer adalah seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 dan 1.7.

m

: 0.20k9
...1:99.

n

= 0.30 kg kg-'
OC

m:0.40k9
I
m

I _:

m

tg'
OC

I

-= m

..........kg '
OC

0=
A0=

0*
A0=

Q=

OC

OC

L0=

OC

Diagram 1.3 I Rajah 1.3

Diagram 1.4 I Rajah 1.4

Diagram 1.5 / Rajah

1.5

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l'? = 0.60 kg

rr
ko
_r t I

: 0.80 kg
=..........K9-l
,............
oC

I
-: m

m 0:

|

d:
L,0

.........,...

oC

= .. ... . ... oC

LA: ......... oC
Diagram 1.7

Diagram 1.6/Rajahl.6

I

Raiahl.T

(a)

For the experiment described on pages 2 and 3, identify: Bagi eluperimen yong diterangkan pada halaman 2 dan 3, kenal pasti:

(i)

The manipulated variable P e mb o Ie hub ah dimanipu I as i kan

I (ii)
The responding variable P embolehubah bergerak balas

mark]

llI

markah]

I
(iii)
The constant variable P embolehubah dimalarkan

mark]

lll

markahl

fl markl lll
Write your answers for question I (b) in the spaces provided in Diagrams L 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7 on pages 2,3 and4.

marlmhJ

l,

1.3, 1.4,

Tulis jawapan anda untuk soalan l(b) dalam ruang yang disediaknn dalam Raiah 1.1, 1.3, 1 .4, I .5, 1.6 dan 1.7 pada halaman 2,3 dan 4.

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5

(b)

Based on Diagrams 1.1, 1 .3, 1.4,1.5, 1.6 and 1.7 on pages 2, 3 and 4:

Berdasarkan Rajah

1.1

, L3, I .4, L5,

1.6 dan

1

.7

pada halaman 2,3 dan 4:

(i)

For each value of

i) n in l(bxi),

calculate the value

vahof ! m
.

Your answers must be in two decimal places.
m ,Iawapan anda hendaklah dalam dua tempat perpuluhan.

Bagi,:etiap nilai mdt l(bxi), hitung nilai

L

(ii)
(iii)

markahl markJ the readings, d, of the thermometer. Record the initial reading, ds, and Catat bacaan au,al,0o, dan bacaan-bac*an,0, bagi termometer, markahl [1 mark]

I

lll

lfi

For each value of 6 in l(bxii), calculate the increase in temperature, Ad, by using the following equation; Bagi setiap nilai # di i{bxii), hitung kenaikan suhu, L0" dengan me n gguna kan p e r s a maan h er ikut:

L0=0*0$
Record the value of A€, Catet nilai A0.

[2 marks] / l2 markahJ

tc)

Tabulate your results for all values of

*, l' ,0 m
m,

andA0 in the space below.
t

,fadualkan keputusan anda hagi semuo nilai
bawah-

m

-,

f

dan A0 dalam ruang di

[3 marks] l13 marlwh]

(d)

On the graph paper on page 6, draw a graph of Ad *guinrt

!
m
.

'

Pada kertas graf di halaman 6,lukis gra.f

L0 *ulo*on L
m

[5 marks] /15 markahl

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6

(e)

Based on the graph

in 1(d),

state the relationship between

Ag

melaw
1

* L
.

'

Berdasarkan

grafdi l(d), nyatakan

hubungan antara

a0 dengan -

[1 mark]

lll

marlcahl

Graplr of Ad against
r-.-, i-i
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-.:
;

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7

A student carried out an experiment using the apparatus as shown in Diagram 2.1. The spring balance reading, I, the weight of the wooden block, W, andx is given by the
equation

T=W-ls

whereftisaconstant.

Seorang

pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen dengan menggunakan radas seperti yang dituniuAlran dalam Rajah 2.1. Bacaan neraca spring, T, berat bongkah kayu, W, dan x diberi oleh persamaon

T=lT-ls

yang mana k adalah satu Pemalar'

Spring balance Neraca spring

Wooden block
Bongkah kayu

Liquid Cecair

Diagram 2.1 / Raiah2.l
The results of the experiment are shown in the graph I against r in Diagfarn 2.2. Keputusan elwperimten dituniukkan dalam graf T melawan x dalam Raiah2.2'

{a) Based on the graph inDiagram2.2: Berdasarlran graf dalam Raiah2.2: (i) State ;he relationship between ?'and x.
Nyatakan hubungan antara T dan x.

(ii)

Determine the value of I Tentukan nilai T apabila x

when x

*

l1 narkJ
0.

lll narkahl
l12 markah)

* 0.

T:...,.......

12 narksl

(iii)

What is the physical quantity that is represented by the value I in 2(aXii)? Kuantiti fiztk apakah yang diwakili oleh nilai T dalam 2(a)(ii)?

ll

mark)

I}

markahJ

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8

(b)

Determine the value of x when ?":0.2 N. Tentukan nilai x apabila i": 0.2 N.

x:
12

marlsl

l[2

markah]

(c)

Calculate the magnitude of the gradient, /r, of the graph I against Show on the graph how you determine the value of *. Hitungkan magnitud kecerunan, h graf T melav,'an x. TunjuUcan pada graf bagaimanu anda menghitung nilai k

r.

k(d)

N cm-l

13

marksj

l

13

markahl

If ft : 7.2 ' 104 p, calculate the density, p, of the liquid. Jilw k:7.2 x l0* p, hitungkan ketumpatan, p, bagi cecair itu.

p: ........... {e)

. kg

**'

[2 martx! / {2 markahl

State one precaulion that can be taken to improve the accuracy of the results of the experiment. Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jagayang boleh diambil untuk nemperbaiki kej ituan lrzputusan e lcspe r imen ini.

ll

markl I

ll

marknhJ

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Graph of I against x Graf T melswan x i:
t -i-.i''. -.i- +t-l-.r ,._ '.r_ l.

r/N
0.8
1,

-t--

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0.4

0.6

0.8

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Diagrarn 2.2

/ RajahZ.2

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l0
Section B

Bahagian B
112 marks]

Answer any one question from this section. Jawab mana-mans satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

A student tries to push in the piston of a hand pump which is clipped tightly at the end. Diagram 3.1 shows that initially the student finds it is easy to push the piston. Diagram 3.2 shows that he finds it more difficult to continue pushing the piston'
Seorang

pelajar cuba menolak omboh sebuah pam tangan yang diklip dengan ketat di

hujungnya. Rajah 3,1 menunjukkan pada awalnya pelajar itu mendapati mudah untuk menolak omboh itu. Rajah 3.2 menu7iukkan ia mendapati lebih sukar untuk terus menolak omboh itu.

Pump

CliP

y' H*d"r to push

/ouri"rto push

Diagram 3.1 /

Rajah3.l

Diagram 3.21 Roiah3.Z

Based on the information and observation: Berdar arlran maklumat dan pe merhatian ter se but :

(a)

State one suitable inference. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.

(b) State one suitable hypothesis.
Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai
(c

}

mark)

/fi

marltahl

ll markl lll

marlmhl

)

With use of apparatus such as a syringe, rubber tube and other suitable apparatus, describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3(b).
Dengan menggunakan radas yang seperti sehuah picagari, tiuh getah dan radas-radas loin yang sesuai, terangkan satu elaperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan dt 3(b).

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lt
In your description, state clearly the following: Dalam penerangan anda, jelaslmn perkara berikut:

(i) (ii)
(iii)
(iv)

The aim of the experiment. Tujuan elcsperimen. The variables in the experiment. hubah e ksper i me n.

P e mb ale

The list of apparatus and materials. Senarai radas dan bahan. The anangernent of the apparatus. Susunan radas.
The procedure of the experirnent which shouid include one method of controlling the manipulated variable and one method of measuring the responding variable, Prosedur elrspertmen yang mesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pemholehuhah dtmanipulasilam diln satu kaedah mengakur pembolehubah bergerak balas.

(v)

(vi)
(vii)

The way to tabulate the data. Cara untuk menjadual data. The v'ay to analyse the data. Cara unluk menganalisis data.
{10 marks} I

ll0

markahl

j*k

t2

Diagram 4.1 shows a hawker stall being Iighted up by a lamp connected to a battery using a thin connecting wire. Diagram 4.2 shows a similar hawker stall being lighted up by an identical lamp connected to a be.ftery using a thick connecting wire'
Rajah 4.1 merutnjukkan sebuah gerai peniaja disinari aleh lampu yang disambung ke bateri oleh wayar penyambung nipis. Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan sebuah gerai penjaja yang serupa disinari oleh lampu yang serupa yang disambung ke bateri oleh wayar penyambung tebal-

-/frThin wire Dawai nipis Dim Malap Thick Dawai

-ril.o
Bright Cerah

Battery

Battery

Bateri

Bateri

Diagram 4.1 I Raiah 4.1
Ba$ed on the information and observation: B erdasar kan maklumat dan pemerhali an ter's e but :

Diagram 4,21 Raiah 4.2

(a)

State one suitable inference.

Nyatckan satu inferens yang sesuai.

l1 nark]

lll l$

markah]

(b) State one suitable hypothesis.
Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai.

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markahl

(c)

With the use of apparatgs such as constantan wires, ammeter, and other apparat$s' describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in a$).
Dengan menggunakan raclas seperti dawai-dawai kanstantan, ammeter, dan radis lain, teiangkan scta el<sperimen untuk menyiasai hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 4(b).

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In your description, state clearly the following: Dalam penerangsn anda, nyatakan dengan jelas perkaro berikut:

(i) (ii)
(iii)
(iu)

The aim of the experiment.

Tujuan el*perimen.
The variables in the experiment.
P e mb o le hub

ah dulam el*per ime n.

The list of apparatus and materials. Senarai radas dan bahan.
The arrangement of the apparatus. Susunan radas.

(v)

The procedure of the experiment which should include one method of controlling the manipulated variable and one method of measuring the responding variable.

Prasedur eksperimen yang mesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas.

(vi)
(vii)

The way to tabulate the data"

Cara untuk menjaduolkan data.
The way to analyse the data.

Caro untuk menganalisis

data.

[l0 marks] l$A

markah]

END OF QUOSTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK SPM TAHUN 2012

FIZIK Kertas 3
PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi 7 halaman bercetak

2012 PSM Kedah Fizik 3
SECTION A NO 1(a) (i) (ii) (iii) MARKING CRITERIA State the manipulated variable - mass / m State the responding variable - increase in temperature / ∆θ State a constant variable - Initial temperature / θo // Heating time // Heat supplied // Specific heat capacity Record five values of m Diagram 1.3 : 5.00 Diagram 1.4 : 3.33 Diagram 1.5 : 2.50 Diagram 1.6 : 1.67 Diagram 1.7 : 1.25 Record six thermometer readings Diagram 1.1 : 24o Diagram 1.3 : 36o Diagram 1.4 : 32o Diagram 1.5 : 30o Diagram 1.6 : 28o Diagram 1.7 : 27o Record five values of ∆θ Diagram 1.3 : 12o Diagram 1.4 : 8o Diagram 1.5 : 6o Diagram 1.6 : 4o Diagram 1.7 : 3o Note: Any three readings correct, award 1 mark Accept e.c.f. from (b)(ii) Tabulate the results Heading for m, m , θ and ∆θ State all the units of m, m , θ and ∆θ correctly The values of m are consistent to two decimal places and θ, ∆θ to whole number m / kg 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.60 0.68
1 / kg-1 m 1 1 1 1

2

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MARK SUB TOTAL 1 1 1 1 1 1

(b)

(i)

1

1

(ii)

1

1

(iii)

2

2

(c)

1 1 1 3

θ / oC 36 32 30 28 27

∆θ / oC 12 8 6 4 3

5.00 3.33 2.50 1.67 1.25

3
(d) Draw a complete graph of ∆θ against m Tick ( ) based on the following aspects A Show ∆θ on vertical-axis and m on the horizontal-axis B State the units of the variables correctly C Both axes are marked with uniform scale D All five points are plotted correctly (Note: If only three points plotted correctly, award E Best straight line is drawn F Show the minimum size of graph at least 5 x 4 (2 cm x 2 cm) square (counted from the origin until the furthest point) Score : Number of 7 5-6 3-4 2 1 (e) Score 5 4 3 2 1
1 1 1

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5

)

State the correct relationship between ∆θ and m ∆θ is directly proportional to m
1

1

16

4
NO 2(a) MARKING CRITERIA (i) State the relationship between T and x - T decreases linearly with x (ii) State the value of T within the acceptable range - Show graphical extrapolation correctly - State the value within acceptable range T = (0.59 – 0.61) N (iii) State the physical quantity correctly - Weight /W State the value of x within the acceptable range - Show graphical intrapolation correctly - State the value within acceptable range x = (0.64 – 0.68) cm Calculate the gradient of the graph, k and state the value of k within the acceptable range - Draw a sufficiently large triangle at least 3 x 3 (2 cm x 2 cm) square - Correct substitution (follow candidate’s triangle) Sample answer: k = - 1.0 - 0 - State the correct value / answer with correct unit (0.58 - 0.62) N cm-1 Accept negative value for the answer
0.6 - 0

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MARK SUB TOTAL 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4

(b)

(c)

1

1 1 3

(d)

Calculate the value of ρ correctly using the given formula - Correct substitution ρ = 7.2 x 10-4 Accept e.c.f. for k 1
0.60

- State the correct answer / value
(e) ρ = 833.3 kg m-3 ρ = (805.6 - 861.1) kg m-3 State the correct precaution 1 1 2 1

- The scale reading of the spring balance is taken when the wooden block stops oscillating - Place the eyes perpendicularly to the scale of spring balance and the metre rule - Repeat the readings and take the average value
12

5 SECTION B
NO 3 (a) MARKING CRITERIA State a suitable inference - The pressure of the gas depends on its volume State a relevant hypothesis - The smaller the volume, the higher the pressure Describe a complete suitable experimental framework State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the volume of a gas and its pressure State the manipulated variable and the responding variable Manipulated variable : Volume Responding variable : Pressure State the constant variable Constant variable : Mass of gas // Temperature List out the important apparatus and materials Syringe, rubber tube, slotted weights, Bourdon gauge Draw a functional arrangement of apparatus MARK SUB TOTAL 1 1

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(b)

1

1

(c) (i)

1

(ii)

1 1

(iii)

1 1

(iv)

(v)

State the method to control the manipulated variable Slotted weights are placed on the piston of the syringe until the volume of air in the syringe is 40 cm3 State the method to measure the responding variable The corresponding reading of the Bourdon gauge is measured Repeat the experiment at least four times Repeat the previous steps for different volumes of 35 cm3, 30 cm3, 25 cm3 and 20 cm3

1

1

1

6
(vi)

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State how the data is tabulated Volume / cm-3 40 35 30 25 20 Pressure

1 1 10 12

(vii)

State how the data is analysed Plot a graph of pressure against volume.

7
NO 4 (a) MARKING CRITERIA Able to state a suitable inference Sample answer The diameter / thickness of a wire affects the current in the wire // The diameter / thickness of a wire affects the resistance of the wire // The diameter / thickness of the wire affects the brightness of the bulb Able to state a suitable hypothesis Sample answer The bigger the diameter of a wire, the bigger the current in the wire Able to describe a complete experimental framework Sample answer (i) State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the diameter of a wire and the current in the wire (ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding variable Manipulated variable : diameter Responding variable : current State the constant variable Constant variable : length of wire // material of the wire (iii) State the complete list of apparatus and materials Constantan wires, metre rule, ammeter, battery, connecting wires (iv) Draw a functionable arrangement of the apparatus MARK SUB TOTAL 1 1

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(b)

1

1

(c)

1

1 1 1 1

A

Constantan wire

(v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable The circuit was set up with diameter, d = 0.5 mm of constantan wire State the method of measuring the responding variable The current, I, was measured with an ammeter. Repeat the experiment at least four times The procedure was repeated with diameter of, d = 1.0 mm, 1.5 mm, 2.0 mm and 2.5 mm (vii) Tabulate the data Diameter, d / mm 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 Current, I / A

1 1 1

1 1 10 12

(vii) State how data is analysed A graph of I against d is drawn *Accept description of experiment for other relevant pairs of variables : diameter-resistance, diameter-brightness Note : Diameter → Resistance → Current → Brightness

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