This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Cleanliness is both the abstract state of being clean and free from dirt, and the process of achieving and maintaining that state. Cleanliness may be endowed with a moral quality, as indicated by the aphorism "cleanliness is next to godliness," and may be regarded as contributing to other ideals such as health and beauty. In emphasizing an ongoing procedure or set of habits for the purpose of maintenance and prevention, the concept of cleanliness differs from purity, which is a physical, moral, or ritual state of freedom from pollutants. Whereas purity is usually a quality of an individual or substance, cleanliness has a social dimension, or implies a system of interactions. "Cleanliness," observed Jacob Burckhardt, "is indispensable to our modern notion of social perfection." A household or workplace may be said to exhibit cleanliness, but not ordinarily purity; cleanliness also would be a characteristic of the people who maintain cleanness or prevent dirtying. On a practical level, cleanliness is thus related to hygiene and disease prevention. Washing is one way of achieving physical cleanliness, usually with water and often some kind of soap or detergent. Procedures of cleanliness are of utmost importance in many forms of manufacturing. As an assertion of moral superiority or respectability, cleanliness has played a role in establishing cultural values in relation to social class, humanitarianism, and cultural imperialism.
Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene
Personal cleanliness and good hygiene practices are essential for health and social reasons. People who are perceived as unclean are often ostracized by others. Healthy hygiene habits should be practiced daily. It is important for parents to teach and model these skills to their children. Healthy habits instilled in childhood often follow children into adulthood. Home hygiene pertains to the hygiene practices that prevent or minimize disease and the spreading of disease in home (domestic) and in everyday life settings such as social settings, public transport, the work place, public places etc. Hygiene in home and everyday life settings plays an important part in preventing spread of infectious diseases. It includes procedures used in a variety of domestic situations such as hand hygiene, respiratory hygiene, food and water hygiene, general home hygiene(hygiene of environmental sites and surfaces), care of domestic animals, and home healthcare (the care of those who are at greater risk of infection).
S. after handling garbage or other dirty objects.At present. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. laundering of clothing and household linens such as towels and bedlinen. Go Green FOAMCARE Systems Refillable Automatic Foam Dispenser Saving Water & Soap! Free Dispenser Calfarme. Hygienic cleaning can be done by: Mechanical removal (i. which has come to be known as "targeted hygiene". if the chain of infection is broken. at appropriate times. after handling animals. 'hygienic cleaning' procedures should be sufficient to eliminate pathogens from critical surfaces. running water. Germ kill is achieved using a "micro-biocidal" product i. In response to the need for effective codes of hygiene in home and everyday life settings the International Scientific Forum on Home Hygiene has developed a risk-based approach (based on Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP). Good home hygiene means targeting hygiene procedures at critical points. although all are based on the same underlying microbiological principles. Apply soap and lather for at least 20 seconds. these components of hygiene tend to be regarded as separate issues. palms and wrists. before and after contact with a sick person. Because the "infectious dose" for some pathogens can be very small (10-100 viable units. You should always wash your hands before handling or eating food. and infection can result from direct transfer from surfaces via hands or food to the mouth.g.e. this process must be followed by thorough rinsing under running water to remove germs from the surface. cuticles.com. making sure to clean fingers. bacteria and food-borne illness. Preventing the spread of infectious diseases means breaking the chain of infection transmission. before and after changing a diaper or handling a small child. or even less for some viruses). or by application of heat. In some cases combined germ removal with kill is used. to eliminate germs before they can spread further. sneezing or coughing.e. infection cannot spread. you should wet your hands with warm.e. and after blowing your nose. The simple principle is that. According to the U. To be effective as a hygiene measure. e. Hand Washing Frequent hand washing reduces the spread of germs. Targeted hygiene is based on identifying the routes of spread of pathogens in the home. and applying hygiene procedures at critical points at appropriate times to break the chain of infection. after trips to the restroom. to break the chain of infection i. nasal mucosa or the eye.sg Sponsored Links . a disinfectant or antibacterial product or waterless hand sanitizer. Using a process or product that inactivates the pathogens in situ. cleaning) using a soap or detergent. fingernails. Rinse thoroughly and dry with a fresh paper towel or an air dryer.
cavities. Your dentist can assess problem areas in your mouth and recommend special methods or products you may need. moisturizers. particularly in the armpits and on the feet. NEA plays an important role in this regard. makeup. and cleaning floors regularly. More advanced grooming practices may also include hair styling. personal fragrance. nail polish. washing dirty dishes. Wash your clothes regularly to remove odors. Public Cleanliness Singapore has a reputation as a clean and attractive city. Treat stains as soon as they occur. The Mayo Clinic recommends bathing daily to reduce the bacteria that contribute to body odor. as it oversees the cleaning of public areas in Singapore. which includes: . grooming includes keeping your body. helps prevent insects and contributes to overall wellbeing. Oral Hygiene Proper oral hygiene is crucial in reducing and preventing problems of the mouth and gums like plaque. Grooming Grooming is the act of making yourself presentable to others. and iron when needed to remove wrinkles. NEA takes a three-pronged approach to keeping our environment clean. Home and Clothing A sanitary home environment and clean clothes are important aspects of overall personal cleanliness. hair and nails clean and preventing body odor by using antiperspirant and deodorant. gingivitis. manicures. Keeping your home clean reduces bacteria. though if you are heavily soiled it is best to shower rather than wash with dirty bathwater. Housecleaning basics include properly disposing of garbage. hair removal and more. Brush your teeth at least twice per day and floss once per day. Personal preference and resources determine whether you should take a bath or shower. teeth. in large part because of its litter-free streets and pavements. pedicures. Dry yourself thoroughly after bathing to prevent bacteria growth. clothes. Wash sheets and bedding at least twice a month.Bathing Regular bathing reduces body odor and can help control skin problems like acne. tartar and bad breath. Wash your hair as frequently as needed based on your hair type. At its most basic level.
For more information on Clean Mark Accreditation Scheme. cigarette box wrapper and matchstick. may have the offence compounded for $300. a new Department of Public Cleanliness (DPC) was formed on 1 April 2012. Public Cleaning Public Education Enforcement Public Cleaning The cleaning of public areas in Singapore went through a major restructuring in 2012. pavements as well as certain private estates and public areas throughout Singapore. . please click here Public Education The NEA works closely with our 3P Partners (the people. sweet wrapper. NEA was only responsible for the cleaning of roads. The key message behind our education efforts is that the public should not rely on cleaners to clean up after them. Prior to April 2012. The scheme is voluntary and the application fee will be waived for another year till mid 2013. such as carpark coupon tab. public and private sectors) to rally members of the community to take ownership of their litter and keep their surroundings clean. Besides NEA. In order to improve efficiency and deliver a higher standard of public cleanliness. A first time offender who throws a cigarette butt onto the ground or other small items. One of the main programmes is the “Singapore. More information about DPC can be found here. LitterFree” campaign. bus ticket. NEA has also implemented a voluntary Clean Mark Accreditation Scheme for the cleaning industry on 21 July 2010. other agencies such as PUB and NParks were responsible for the cleaning of their own assets such as drains and park areas. Enforcement Strict enforcement to deter litterbugs and to complement public education is a key strategy that NEA adopts to sustain public cleanliness. Rather. they should take personal responsibility to hold on to their litter until they find a bin to dispose of it. To raise the cleaning standards in Singapore and upgrade the professionalism and productivity of the cleaning industry.
It was not so long ago that washing the whole body was considered a sin and a shame. fresh food from sanitary kitchens and stores—handled by people free from communicable disease—all have a real effect upon the public health. Expense of this kind should not be charged up to health work as there is very slight chance that disease can be prevented in this way. On the other hand. but small habits are those most likely to affect health. the CWO does carry an element of shame and hopefully this will serve to deter others from littering. and how litter can mar our living environment. have been presented with various degrees of effectiveness. Health Departments are often required to spend a great deal of time and money on municipal housekeeping such as street cleaning and collection of refuse. Personal cleanliness is very much a matter of personal choice. pasteurized milk from inspected dairies. As the offender carries out the CWO such as by picking or sweeping up litter. Children can be directed toward the clean hands habit with effective results from an early age. There are certain social standards that most of us prefer to measure up to. bottle or other large items in a public place are required to appear in Court. Of course. Cleanliness is sometimes claimed to be the means of prevention and cure of almost all kinds of diseases. The pendulum has now swung too far in the other direction. The CWO was introduced in November 1992 to reform littering offenders. and may be served with a Corrective Work Order (CWO) requiring them to clean up public places. it is hoped that the offenders will reflect on the hardship that cleaners have to endure to clean up the mess created by them. cleanliness in the form of pure water.Recalcitrant offenders or those who commit serious littering offences such as throwing a drink can. The subject of cleanliness has been discussed from all angles for many years. . Arguments against. Keeping the hands clean probably does more to promote our own health and prevent spreading disease to others than all the other types of personal cleanliness put together. and bath-tubs were originally introduced in spite of protests from the sanitarians. as well as for.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.