DATA COMMUNICATION IN LAN AND MODEM

APARNA G J 12MC05F MECHATRONICS

BASEBAND AND BROADBAND
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BASEBAND communication method uses the media in such a way that the entire capacity of the cable is taken up by a single channel. BROADBAND communication method provides multiple channels of data over a single communication medium using frequency division multiplexing. 

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BASEBAND COMMUNICATION .

sending and receiving does not take place simultaneously on the same wire at the same time Used in computer communication } .CHARACTERISTICS OF BASEBAND COMMUNICATION } } } One signal occupies the entire available bandwidth Uses digital encoding scheme Bidirectional communication is possible.

DATA TRANSMISSION IN BASEBAND SYSTEM } } Line coding technique is used The waveform pattern of voltage used to represent the 1s and 0s of a digital data on a transmission link is called line coding. Line coding technique used in Ethernet is Manchester coding } .

A binary 0 is represented by a negative half– bit period pulse followed by a positive half–bit period pulse.MANCHESTER CODING: Each binary 1 is represented by a positive half–bit period pulse followed by a negative half–bit period pulse. .

TDM OF TWO SIGNALS IN BASEBAND SYSTEM • More than one signal can be transmitted in baseband channel using Time Division Multiplexing(TDM) .

Amplifying 2. Regenerative } } } Regenerative repeaters are preferred in baseband communication . 1.REPEATERS IN BASEBAND NETWORK } Signal sent out will become weaker as it moves farther away from the source – Attenuationreduces the range A Repeater will boost the signal level and compensates for attenuation loss Two types are commonly used.

EFFECT OF USING AMPLIFYING AND REGENERATIVE REPEATERS .

BROADBAND COMMUNICATION .

CHARACTERISTICS OF BROADBAND COMMUNICATION } Divides the capacity of the link into more channels. Unidirectional communication } } } } . each carrying a different signal. This is achieved using Frequency division Multiplexing (FDM) Analog signaling is used Instead of one narrow band we get a broader band – hence ‘broadband’.

PFK } } .DATA TRANSMISSION IN BROADBAND } The wide range of frequencies available for broadband communication are divided into a number of smaller channels Small bands of unused frequencies are allocated between different data channels.to reduce interference between adjacent channels Analog modulation schemes are used eg ASK.Guard Band. FSK.

MODULATION SCHEMES USED IN BROADBAND Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK) Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) Phase Shift Keying (PSK) .

FDM OF TWO CHANNELS IN BROADBAND SYSTEM .

2. Mid-split: Here cable system that divides the available frequencies into two bands. Dual cable: two cables are attached to the device.TWO WAY COMMUNICATION IN BROADBAND } Two way broadband communication is achieved by using: 1. one to transmit and the other one to receive . one for transmission and the other for reception.

5K Data transmission rate is about 10Mbps Transceiver devices used are simple (only 3 states are possible. 1 and idle) } } } . data and video communications Can cover distances upto 50Km Data transmission rates exceeds 100Mbps Transceiver devices are complex (must be competent enough to distinguish between the same 3 states on multiple channels on the same cable) Simultaneous transmission is not possible Can cover distances upto 2.0.COMPARISON BETWEEN BASEBAND AND BROADBAND COMMUNICATION BROADBAND } BASEBAND } } } } Allows simultaneous multi channel voice.

APPLICATION IN MANUFACTURING } LAN technology is used to integrate shop floor control system (SFC) with both automated material handling and storage system (AMH&S) and management information system LAN system for factory communications is a hybrid of baseband and broadband Baseband systems integrate communications between individual machine control systems on the shop floor and AMH&S system Long distance main trunk uses broadband communications } } } .

LAN network in an industry Using both baseband and broadband communication links .

MODEMS .

.} MODEM is the short term for MOdulator/ DEModulator } A MODEM is a device that enables a computer to transmit data over telephone or cable lines } } In computer information is stored digitally Information transmitted over telephone lines is in the form of analog waves } Modems perform modulation to encode your data into the line signal and demodulation to decode it from the line signal.

WORKING OF CABLE MODEM .

com } } } .compnetworking.wikipedia.REFERENCES } Introduction to Data Communication and Networking-Wayne Tomasi Telecommunications and Data communications Hand Book – Ray Horak www.org www.about.

THANK YOU .

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