# IP: INTRODUCTIONS & PREREQUESITES

IP.a - Function Definition I can determine if a relation is a function or not, and can express the domain and range of that relation or function using interval notation. I can draw the graph of a basic piecewise function given the piecewise equations, and I can write down the equations of a piecewise function given its graph. Given two points, I can find the slope of the line between them, find the equation of the line between them and find the equations of lines both parallel and perpendicular to the line between them. I can simplify algebraic expressions involving radicals and rational functions and know when simplification is not possible.

IP.b - Piecewise Functions

IP.c - Slopes, Parallel and Perpendicular

IP.d - Simplifying Expressions

LL: LOCAL LINEARITY If you zoom in really close on a function, no matter how curvy it is, it seems really straight (though it never actually is). We can measure the slope of these straight lines.
LL.a - Numerical Limit LL.b - Graphical Limit LL.c - One Sided Limits I can estimate a limit using numerical approaches. I can estimate a limit using graphical approaches. Applying the formal definition of the limit, I can test the limit from each side and use that to determine if a limit exists. I can use limit principles to evaluate a limit, perhaps needed to simplify an expression first. I can determine if a function is continuous on a point and on an interval. I can calculate the average rate of change between two points on a function, especially in an applied context. I can relate the concepts of average and instantaneous rate of change, and can explain how an average rate of change can be used to accurately estimate an instantaneous rate of change. I can understand the meaning of the Limit Definition of the derivative and use it to determine the derivative of a function. I can determine where a function is differentiable both graphically and algebraically, and can articulate the relationship between differentiability and continuity. I can determine the equation of the tangent line to a function at a given point.

LL.d - Limit Principles LL.e - Continuity LL.f - Average Rate of Change

LL.g - Average vs. Instantaneous

LL.h - Limit Definition

LL.i - Differentiability

LL.j - Tangent Line

SF: SLOPE FUNCTION Derivatives are essentially slope functions – we use them to find the slope on a function at any given point.
SF.a - Power Rule I can apply the power, sum, difference, and constant rules to determine the derivative or more complex functions. I can use the derivative of a function to calculate its instantaneous rate of change at any point, and I can do this in applied situations. I can determine the derivative of more complicated functions using the Product Rule. I can determine the derivative of more complicated functions using the Quotient Rule. I can apply the chain rule to differentiate the composition of two or more functions. I can find higher order derivatives of a function and use those to solve applied problems, especially those involving position velocity and acceleration. I can match a function's graph with its derivative and determine basic attributes of a functions graph given the graph of its derivative. I can locate and classify relative extrema of a continuous function using the first derivative test. I can use relative extrema and information about increasing and decreasing to sketch the graph of a polynomial. I can distinguish between relative and absolute extrema and can find the absolute extrema of a function. I can determine where a function is concave up and concave down and use this information to both help sketch graphs and make conclusions in an applied context. I can find inflections points on a function both graphically and analytically and can talk about their meaning in an applied context. I can manipulate real population data in Excel to make clear and well presented graphs. I can clearly analyze real population data to make conclusions about population growth and decline based on abstract concepts from calculus. I can find dy/dx for a curve defined implicitly (without solving y), and use this information to write the equation of the tangent line to that curve at a point.

SF.b - Derivative at a Point

SF.c - Product Rule SF.d - Quotient Rule SF.e - Chain Rule SF.f - Higher Order

SF.g - Graphs of Derivatives

SF.h - Relative Extrema SF.i - Graph Sketching

SF.j - Absolute Extrema

SF.k - Concavity

SF.L - Inflection Points

SF.m - Population Project Graphs SF.n - Population Project Analysis

SF.o - Implicit Differentiation

PR: PROPORTIONAL RATES. Sometimes there are powerful proportionalities and relationship between derivatives and other functions.
PR.a - Optimization I can solve basic optimization problems including setting up equations for the volume and area of simple shapes and solids. I can sketch the graph of a basic exponential function using information from its intercept, asymptote, limits at infinity, derivative and second derivative. I can take the derivative of exponential functions (of base e), especially when combined with other functions as a product, quotient or chain. I can take the derivative of logarithmic functions (of base e), especially when combined with other functions as a product, quotient or chain. I can solve application problems involving exponentials and logarithms, applying both differentiation and the ability to algebraically manipulate equations to isolate variables. I can articulate why certain situations call for exponential models and can choose the appropriate model for a given situation, including recognizing the model in both graphical and algebraic form. I can fit an appropriate exponential growth or decay model to a situation, and solve problems using an equation that I came up with. I can find the derivative of logarithmic and exponential functions that are not of the base e. I can solve applied problems involving related rates, including setting up a problem based on a written description, differentiating implicitly and solving for a given quantity or rate.

PR.b - Exponential Graphing

PR.c - Exponential Derivatives

PR.d - Logarithmic Derivatives

PR.e - Exponential Applcations

PR.f - Exponential Models

PR.g - Decay and Growth

PR.h - Non-e Based Derivatives PR.i - Related Rates

AC: ACCUMULATING RATES An integral is essentially the opposite of a derivative – instead of finding how fast the value of something is changing, you add up how fast something is changing to find out its value.
AC.a - Riemann Sums Calculation I can draw and calculate the four types of Riemann sums in order to estimate the area underneath a graph. I can interpret the meaning of the area under a velocity graph and can discuss the accuracy of Riemann Sum calculations. I can find the antiderivative of basic power, exponential and trigonometric functions, and can rearrange more complex expressions so that I can integrate them. I can determine the equation of a function given a its derivative and a point on that function. I can calculate a basic definite integral and can interpret my result in terms of the area underneath a graph. I can distinguish between area and an integral and can calculate the area bounded by a function and the x-axis by integrating between zeroes, taking absolute values of the results and adding them up. I can solve position velocity and acceleration problems using integration, and can especially determine which of my many calculus tools (derivatives, indefinite integrals, definite integrals) apply to a given situation. I can solve applied problems using integration, including expressing my answer in the proper units. I can use the technique of U-substitution to integrate certain types of functions, and can especially recognize when this is necessary. I can calculate the area that is trapped between two functions. I can use an integral to determine the average value of a function over an interval, and can apply this idea to applied situations with units.

AC.b - Riemann Sums Interpretation AC.c - Antiderivatives

AC.d - Initial Conditions AC.e - Definite Integral

AC.f - Area vs. Integral

AC.g - Applied Problem: Motion

AC.h - Applied Problem: NonMotion AC.i - Substitution

AC.j - Area Between Curves AC.k - Average Value