Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Biography

Early Life (1840 - 1845) was born May 7, 1840 in Votkinsk, Russia had 4 brothers, a sister, and a half-sister (from his father‟s first marriage) 1843 - 1845 the family hired an experienced teacher „Fanny Dürbach‟, to look after the children he began piano lessons at age 5 his parents were supportive of his musical talents

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Childhood trauma and school years 1850 the family was no longer interested in music and sent Tchaikovsky into a law school 1854 he suffered a shock of his mother‟s death he composed for the first time, a waltz in his mother‟s memory 1855 he took private lessons with a well-known piano teacher his teacher was impressed in his improvising skill at the keayboard

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Civil service, pursuing music 1859 graduated at age 19 he worked as a civil servant for 3 years 1861 joined music theory classes, taught by Nikolai Zaremba followed Zaremba to the new conservatory 1862 - 1865 studied harmony and counterpoint with Zaremba and met Anton Rubenstein (the director and founder of the conservatory) graduated from the conservatory in 1965

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the willingness to please his father. Tchaikovsky got over the affair quickly - - - . Tchaikovsky gained his first taste of famed appreciation enjoyed a sense of social celebrity status among friends and fellow artists after over a 5-year period. became the target for Cesar Cui Cesar Cui reviewed his cantata (Tchaikovsky had written for his graduation exercise) as “feeble” and Cesar Cui wrote that “if Tchaikovsky had any gift for music) the review was devastating for Tchaikovsky.1877) Tchaikovsky met the Belgian Belgian soprano Désirée Artôt and were engaged to be married without any communication with Tchaikovsky.Relationship with The Five Rubenstein‟s Western musical orientation brought him into The Five (the opposition group of the nationalistic group of musicians) Tchaikovsky. as Rubenstein‟s best-known pupil. the leader of The Five 1869 Tchaikovsky and Balakirev entered into a working relationship Tchaikovsky‟s first recognized masterpiece was presented by collaborating with Balakirev.1878) combined his professional duties with music criticism while continuing to compose some of his best-known works were created in this period Moscow while teaching with Nikolai Rubinstein. Tchaikovsky became frustrated with teaching and had to struggle financially moved away from Rubenstein to maintain his independence from Rubenstein‟s reputation Sexuality Tchaikovsky had homosexual tendencies and that some of his closest relationships were with the person of the same sex his decision to enter into a heterosexual union and try to lead a double life was prompted by several factors—the possibility of exposure. Romeo and Juliet - - Mature Composer (1869 . his own desire for a permanent home and his love of children and family Unsuccessful marriage (1868 . Artôt married a member of his company though. he started to underestimate himself 1867 Rubenstein resigned as conductor from Russian Musical Society (RMS) and replaced by composer Mily Balakirev.

he wandered around Europe and rural Russia.- 1877 Tchaikovsky then decided to marry his former student. (1) cholera. avoiding social contact whenever possible Tchaikovsky‟s reputation grew rapidly outside Russia Death Tchaikovsky died in Saint Petersburg on November 6.php . nor did he offer to return the advance he received with the farewell letter the loss of her friendship and encouragement was devastating.com/profiles/pyotr-ilyich-tchaikovsky-398. though they communicate trough letters 1890 von Meck suddenly ended her relationship with him.000 rubles every year and made him possible to resign from the Moscow Conservatory on October 1878 and concentare on composition though they never met face to face 1884 Tchaikovsky and von Meck became related by marriage.1890) his former student. never staying long in any one place and living mainly alone.thefamouspeople. Antonina Miliukova they were legally married but never lived together nor had any children Nadezhda von Meck (1877 .net/tchaikovsky_pi/biography. Yosif Kotek established a contact between Tchaikovsky and Nedezhda von Meck (a widow who became composers‟ patron and confidante Nedezhda von Meck became Tchaikovsky‟s patroness and confidante Tchaikovsky received 6. through drinking contaminated water several days earlier (2) suicide.classiccat. in cause of her suffering from helath problems that made writing difficult this did not stop him from continuing to take his allowance for granted). 1893 though no one really knew Tchaikovsky‟s cause of death.php http://www. assured of a regular income from Nadezhda von Meck. as a censure of the composer's homosexuality - Source: http://www. he remained bewildered and resentful about her abrupt disappearance for the remaining three years of his life - - - Years of wandering 1879 he returned to Moscow Conservatory though he quickly resigned during these years.

. These colorful harmonies progressed to moments of extreme emotion. from the Western harmonic and textural practices of his first two string quartets to the use of the whole tone scale in the center of the finale of the Second Symphony He tends to exploit primarily the treble instruments for their "fleet delicacy. powerful release of emotion. Tchaikovsky colored his works with rich harmonies (like other Romantic composers). minor triads with added major sixths. Tchaikovsky also practiced a wide range of harmony. utilizing German Augmented Sixth chords.Music and Composition Composition: Romeo and Juliet 1812 Overture Tree of his ballets: (1) The Nutcracker (2) Swan Lake (3) The Sleeping Beauty Marche Slave Two of his four concertos Three of his six numbered symphonies Three of his ten operas: (1) Eugene Onegin (2) The Queen of Spades (3) Iolanta Manfred Symphony Francesca da Ramini Capriccio Italien Serenade for Strings - - Style: Characteristics One of the recognizable characteristics of Tchaikovsky‟s works is his use of harmony or rhythm to create a sudden. even gloomy sounds of the bass instruments. Though the peaks were preceded by building tension Composition Style From Western folksong stylizations and occasionally folksongs themselves His uses of repetitions within these melodies generally reflect the sequential style of Western practices. and augmented triads."[138] though he balances this tendency with "a matching exploration of the darker.

Major Compositions o Swan Lake o The Nutcracker o 1812 Overture (1) His mastery of danseuse (melodies which match physical movements perfectly). (3) effective themes and continuity of thought were unprecedented in the genre. (2) vivid orchestration. has set new standards for the role of music in classical ballet Noel Goodwin characterized: Swan Lake as "one of [ballet's] enduring masterworks" The Sleeping Beauty as "the supreme example of 19th century classical ballet .