Detailed Lesson Plan in English IV

I. OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson 100% of the students with at least 75% level of proficiency shall be able to: 1. Use the appropriate tense of the verb in the given sentences 2. Revise the sentences using Past Perfect Tense of the verb 3. Follow instructions carefully SUBJECT MATTER Topic : Skills : Materials : Values : Reference III. PROCEDURE Teacher’s Activity Preliminary Activities 1. Prayer 2. Greetings 3. Checking of Attendance 4. Checking of Assignments 5. Recalling of previous lesson Motivation Students’ Activity :

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Past Perfect Tense Reading and Speaking Visual aids, flags, Polvoron, pictures, Boxes Cooperation and Teamwork Being careful in following instructions Effective English for everyday use IV

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Are you familiar with the TV show Survivor? Yes ma’am. We will play a game similar to that. It is called “We Survive”. Just like in “Survivor”, you will have to undergo a series of challenges. I will group you into two. I shall call two representatives from each group to do the first tasks, but the representatives for the succeeding tasks will be your own choice. Each representative has to stand beside the green flags. He must get the green flag and look for the instruction written on the piece of paper. When the first representative is finished, he will run to the next representative and will tap his shoulder. Once tapped, the next representative may get the next green flag with the instructions written on a piece of paper and do what is asked. Each representative must read aloud every instruction so others can hear it. The challenges end when the last representative of the group finds the board and post it. The whole group has to shout “we survived!” when done with all the tasks. The first group to shout will win and will have 20 points while the non-winning group won’t have anything.

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Ask your teacher for the board then post it on the blackboard. Through cooperation. what does the board show? Later. Yes ma’am. 2 . T. Sometimes. The same logic applies in life. Give yourselves a big round of applause. 1st representative: Eat 1 piece of Polvoron and say SHE SELLS SEASHELLS BY THE SEA SHORE twice. 2nd representative: Blow the balloon until it pops and get the piece of paper inside. we will talk about that acronym but for now. It shows the acronym P. P.T. dealing with people. teamwork and carefully following instructions. you were able to achieve your objective.P. P. C. Congratulations to the winning team. He must read and do the instructions. Okay let us start.Any question? None ma’am. Tell a boy from your group to sing and dance “Teach me how to dougie” while getting the next instructions on the red flag. Do you agree? Going back with the activity. Tell a girl from your group to get the next piece of paper on the yellow flag using her lips and do what is written. let’s recall the tasks you performed earlier through these sentences. Lesson Proper How do you find the activity? Students’ answers vary. listening to their counsels and following their instructions help us achieve our goals in life.

Because of the time expression WHEN. ENTERED became the first action which is incorrect because the sentence is trying to tell us that the show had started before the 2nd action took place. Correct! And what are those? Had eaten and recited are the actions in the sentence. Let us have an example: 1. you will learn when. That’s right! And when did they happen? Both happened in the past.1. Can you tell what the first past action is? STARTED is the first action. Will you repeat. He had eaten polvoron before he recited a tongue twister. What made you say that it was the first past action? Correct! The time expressions help us determine the first and the second action in a sentence but still the sentence is confusing. We need to use the Past Perfect Tense of that verb We use Past Perfect Tense to emphasize the 3 . 2. It might also imply that they already entered the theater and then the show started. where and how to use Past perfect tense of a verb in a sentence. Nice! How about for the second action? What tense of the verb is used? Past tense is used for the second action. What are we going to do with the verb STARTED to show that it is the first action? Very good! We use Past Perfect Tense to emphasize the earlier of the two past actions. Will you read the first example? 1. Good observation! Can you recall a particular lesson in English wherein you used had+past participle of the verb to show that an action was first completed or perfected before another action in the past? The acronym on the board will help you. Past Perfect Tense Very good! Today. How many actions do we have in that sentence? We have two actions in the sentence. He had eaten polvoron before he recited a tongue twister. 3. Correct! And what pattern is used for that verb phrase? had + past participle of the verb. After he had popped the balloon. The show started when we entered the theater. Right! It took place at some point in the past. He had been asking for the board for 10 seconds when the teacher gave it. but which is the first past action? What verb phrase is used for the first past action? The verb phrase used is had eaten. he carried out the instruction.

Right! again. How about the other clause Which expresses a complete thought? Good! Therefore if we have 1 independent clause and 1dependent or subordinate clause in this sentence then what kind of sentence is this? Very good! So. he carried out the instruction. WHEN and BY THE TIME contains the past tense of the verb while AFTER contains the past perfect tense of the BEFORE HE CARRIED OUT THE INSTRUCTIONS and HE HAD POPPED THE BALLOON. How many clauses do we have in this sentence? We have two clauses. Right! so. how are we going to correct this sentence? The show had started when we entered the theater. in a complex sentence that contains two past actions. we use the ordinary form had + Past participle of the main verb for the first action. Time expressions may appear either at the beginning or at the middle of a sentence for as long as they are positioned in the appropriate clause. 4 .earlier of the two past actions. how do we form the Past perfect Tense of the verb? We make use of Had + Past participle of the Verb Good! To form past perfect tense.  After he had popped the balloon. Right! But in the first sentence. That’s right! Let us have another example:  He had popped the balloon before he carried out the instruction. And for the second action what tense of the verb should we use? We use the simple past tense of the verb. notice that the time expression BEFORE is used with the clause where the verb is past tense while AFTER is used with the clause where the verb is in Past Perfect Tense. subordinate clause introduced by BEFORE. he had popped the balloon. It is called Dependent clause. We have a Complex sentence. It is called Independent clause. What time expressions are used? Before and after are used. What are those? Right! What do we call this kind of clause which does not express a complete thought? That’s right! It is called dependent clause or subordinate clause.  Before he carried out the instruction.

Correct! Progressive form of past perfect tense is used to show that there is a continuity of action that is completed before another action in the past. Again. Let us have another example:  Before we arrived in school. what tense of verb do we use? We use simple past tense of the verb. And what is that? The duration of time is for 10 seconds Correct.  I had given the instructions before the bell rang.  . what else? There is duration of time when the first action happened.   Very good! Let us compare that to the sentence we had here. Good! Aside from that. The visitors arrived after I had cooked dinner. He carried out the instruction after he had popped the balloon. Revise this sentence using the Past Perfect form of the verb. when do we use the progressive form of the past perfect tense? Progressive form of past perfect tense is used to show that there is a continuity of action that is completed before another action in the past. the class had started.verb. What do you think is the form of past perfect tense that denotes that an action was continuous for a period of time in the past and was completed before another past action took place? It is the Progressive form of past perfect tense. What is the difference of the verb phrase this sentence from the previous one? It makes use of had + been + -ing from of the verb. . the class started.  He had been asking for the board for 10 seconds when the teacher gave it. And what pattern do we use for the progressive form of the past perfect tense? We use had + Been + -ing form of the main verb Good! How about for the second action. It means that the action had been ongoing for 10 seconds before another past action took place. Right! We use had + been + -ing form of the 5 Before we arrived in school. Will you help me with this example:  I gave the instructions before the bell rang. There is duration of time which is in the form of prepositional phrase.  The visitors arrived after I cooked dinner.

Look at this sentence. My parents (go) to Canada By the time They (celebrate) their 21st wedding anniversary Answer: My parents had gone to Canada by the time they celebrated their 21st wedding anniversary. Although we seldom use past perfect tense in speaking. Practice: Construct sentences using the given words and appropriate tense of the verb. Revise this sentence using the progressive form of past perfect tense of the verbs inside the parentheses. She (drive) her car for 1 hour When She (arrive) at her house Answer: She had been driving her car for 1 hour when she arrived at her house. They (eat) at a fancy restaurant Before They (check) in a Hotel 6 . Very good. They (Call) us After The plane (land) Answer: They called us after the plane had landed. Anne (Go) shopping After She (clean) the house Answer: Anne went shopping after she had cleaned the house.  Shone (waited) for two hours when I (Arrive). Ex. Let us have this one.verb for the first action and still simple past tense for the second action. remember that is highly suggested to use past perfect tense in writing that is to emphasize the earlier of the two past actions Any question with the ordinary and progressive form of past perfect tense? None. Shone had been waiting for two hours when I arrived.

1. They (stay) there for 1 week When They (decide) to go home Answer: They had been staying there for week when they decided to go home. E. Let’s start. Generalization Inside these boxes are pictures of celebrities. he needs to pick one from the foods in the black box and eat it. The police saw the thieves before they escaped. I prepared for the occasion for a week when they told me about it. he may pick from the prizes in the white box but if not. Enchong Dees’s picture: What are the two forms of past perfect tense? The two forms of past perfect tense are the ordinary and progressive form. Correct! Lee Min Ho’s Picture: When do we use Past Perfect Tense of the verb? We use past perfect tense of the verb to show that an action took place before another action in the past. The person holding the picture of the celebrity that I will say shall stand up and answer a question.Answer: They had eaten at a fancy restaurant before they checked in a hotel. Pick one and pass. Students do the task. 5. She worked at the company for three years when it went out of business. D. Are the instructions clear? Yes ma’am. The child ate the food by the time his mother saw him. Application Revise the sentences by using the appropriate tense of the verb. Very good! Angel Locsin’s picture: What pattern do we use for ordinary form of past perfect tense? The ordinary form of past perfect tense is had+Past participle of the main verb That’s right! Kim Chui’s picture: When do we use the progressive form of the 7 . 2. 4. If it’s correct. The professor taught at the university for more than a year before he left for Asia. 3.

The town officials (map) out contingency plans before the volcano (erupt). Ofelia D. V.past perfect tense? We use the progressive form of past perfect tense to show that there is a continuity of action that is completed before another action in the past. Any question? None. EVALUATION Copy and answer the following. Huelgas Student Teacher Checked by: _______________________ Mrs. I had slept for three hours_________________________________________. De Vega Secondary School Principal II 8 . IV. Get your notebook. Jane Rose Y. 2. _______________________________________ before I made my decision. ASSIGNMENT In ½ crosswise. complete the following sentences by telling about something that had happened before the action in the past. The girls (exercise) for three hours before they (take) a shower. Pantig English Department Head Approved: _______________________ Mrs. 5. I felt sleepy after ________________________________________________. Larry (pass out) after we (perform) the experiment. 5. 4. 3. Prepared by: _____________________ Janine D. _______________________________________ when he left the house. Roberto R. 4. I (try) to sell my car for six months before I (find) a buyer. 1. I (pay) the bill when he (arrive) 3. Tolentino Cooperating Teacher Noted: _____________________ Mr. Use the appropriate form of the verb in the following sentences 1. _______________________________________ by the time he said goodbye. 2. Very good! Mario Maurer’s picture: What pattern do we use for the progressive form of a past perfect tense? It is formed by using had + been + -ing form of the verb Nice job.