Spelling, Vocabulary, and Confusing Words

Accept to agree; to receive Except but, with the exception that ad advertisement add to perform addition Air what we breathe Err make a mistake Ades fruit drinks Aides people who help; assistants AIDS acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Aids helps, assists aisle passageway I’ll contraction for I will Isle a small island allude to refer indirectly elude avoid capture Illude mislead Adverse unfortunate; strongly opposed (refers to things, not people) Averse having repugnance (refers to people) all entire, everything awl a tool Allusion an indirect mention of something Illusion false perception Heir one who inherits something Ail to be ill; to cause pain or distress Ale malt beverage more bitter than beer Already refers to time

all together refers to a group; all of us or all of them together Altogether entirely Altar pedestal, usually religious Alter to modify

allot to parcel out a lot always two words meaning many

advice (noun) recommendation advise (verb) the act of giving a recommendation

Ambiguous to have more than one meaning Ambivalent to have mixed feelings

allowed gave permission to aloud said out loud; spoken

affect vs. effect

Amicable friendly (refers to things, not people) Amiable friendly (refers to people)

all ready means all are ready

among involves three or more Between involves just two

Arc arch, crescent, half moon Ark a vessel or a refuge

to issue an insurance policy

ate past tense of eat

ascent (noun) Amount used for things not countable Number used for things that can be counted movement upward assent (noun or verb) enthusiastic agreement; to agree Ant a bug Aunt the sister of a parent consent agreement

eight the number after seven

aural having to do with hearing oral having to do with the mouth

Ante a bet placed before playing Auntie affectionate term for a parent’s sister

assistance (noun) help

averse assistants (noun) (see adverse) people who help

Anxious to have anxiety or worry eager excited

awed Assumption n idea not based on evidence Presumption n idea based on evidence in a state of amazement odd unusual; opposite of even when referring to numbers

any more something additional or further anymore any longer, nowadays

Assure o promise or say with confidence Ensure o make sure something will/won't happen insure

aye yes eye

Appraise to put a value on something Apprise to notify

organ one sees with I

the bottom; vulgar; headquarters (singular) bass

beech type of tree with smooth, gray bark

pronoun bald having no hair bawled cried based beet ball a sphere bawl to cry or wail loudly bases (noun, verb) band a group, sometimes a group of musicians banned forbidden be bare naked, unconcealed, plain bear the animal beach base sandy area with water been to exist or live bee insect bough (noun) headquarters (plural of base); builds on basis(noun) bow (noun) foundation; belief part of a set with arrows (pronounced like owe) bow (noun, verb) boat front, a male's form of curtsy, bending at the waist; comply (pronounced like cow) branch of a tree (pronounced like cow) be dependent or supported baste to moisten; to criticize or lash out at beau boyfriend (pronounced like owe) a plant with a fleshy red or white root low vocal or instrumental range (pronounced like lace); a type of fish (pronounced like lass) beat to strike violently; to flutter or flap; to pound as with a drum; to defeat; to stir vigorously

bedroom or bed birth being born. a group of people bored berth a boat dock. boundary past tense of blow blue the color between bowed (see among) bloc a group united for a particular purpose block bent (pronounced like owed) bode predict biannual twice a year bold . a signal belle beautiful or charming woman bite to use one’s teeth to tear food byte computer term for eight bits of information boar male pig bore someone or something not interesting board piece of wood. a cube-shaped object container twice a year (same as biannual) bell chime or alarm. beginning billed charged a fee build construct uninterested boarder someone who pays for room and food border better of higher quality bettor someone who places bets blew perimeter.form of be used with has or have bin biennial every two years semiannual city street.

knocked over brake stop break separate into pieces a harness. slang for money boulder bred a large rock past tense of breed. to ram brows the hairs in the arch above the eyes browse search for. a cluster or family bough (see beau) brews ferments bow (see beau) bruise a black-and-blue mark. raised boos brooch sounds made by disapproving audience booze brood (verb. noun) alcohol mull over. joke object.daring bowled to have gone bowling. a piece of jewelry broach to raise a topic boy male child buoy a naval beacon or marker . peruse brewed fermented a bauble. contusion but except butt (noun/verb) bridal relating to brides bridle buy bottom. usually for a horse bring you bring something towards take you take something away bolder bread more daring a food.

dock. verb) group of actors. a poll a social class. mounted gun canon rule. low island. tarp canvass to poll. next to bye short for goodbye cache hidden stash cash money canvas awning cloth. essential. basic structural unit of an organism sell to exchange for money censor (verb. commandment cast (noun. main city capitol statehouse a small. person who disallows .purchase. a rigid system of social distinctions cay a small. pier calendar chart of days and months colander sieve to drain off liquids carat unit of weight in gemstones caret a proofreading mark to show insertion (^) cede to surrender seed reproductive germ can carrot able to edible root may karat permission to a unit for measuring the fineness of gold cannon large. instrument for opening locks quay (pronounced key) wharf. low island (also spelled key) capital key assets. noun) disallow. acquire by near. to throw caste cell prison room.

brisk chance accident(al) chants chorus. verb) a horse pen.) having to do with a chorus or a choir chased . virginal Example: My choral group meets on Wednesday evenings. light. adj. melody chute an inclined shaft shoot (verb. and transmits a signal to a control or measuring instrument went after chaste pure. a dish with peppers in it chilly cold. a group of singers specializing in church music coral (noun.) material that makes up reefs. chorale (noun) a hymn. noun) choral (adj. line segment joining two points on a curve cord a rope or strand of flexible material cored removed the center of something cereal breakfast food serial a series or array Chile a country in South America chili a type of pepper. to confine chews how one eats food with teeth choose cent a penny scent a smell. etc. orange color corral (noun. criticize strongly sensor a device that measures heat. aroma sent transmitted to pick childish immature childlike innocent chord three or more musical tones sounded simultaneously.censure to disapprove of.

sure having to do with the climate praise compliment having to do with the climax complement completing part of an order confidant click a sound . to subpoena sight climatic vision. nearby (pronounced like dose) clothes apparel connote to suggest. lacking in fineness of texture. fundamental classical having to do with Greek or Roman antiquity. a path consent (see assent) colander (see calendar) continual repeated but with breaks in between. chronic colonel continuous an officer in the military to be a sign of confident certain. to quote from.to discharge from a weapon. a group of words containing a subject and verb. imply coarse denote rough. a stem clique a group kernel a seed cite climactic to assert. pertaining to eighteenthto nineteenth-century music to shut (pronounced like rose). the power to see site a location or position close (verb. crude clause course in grammar. part of a contract claws an animal’s nails a class. adjective) someone confided in classic important.

noun) advise.without interruption in an unbroken stream of time or space crews many groups cruise a blinking symbol indicating position on a computer screen dam a barrier obstructing the flow of liquid damn a swear word or curse core center or crucial part corps trained group corpse dead body a trip or vacation by sea criteria plural of criterion criterion dammed a standard for evaluating or testing something blocked from flowing damned cue to sign along with a hint. an attorney type of small berry current dear up to date affectionate term curser creak a sound creek cursor a stream (see connote) someone who swears or wishes misfortune on another deer the animal twenty-four-hour periods of time daze to stun or overwhelm days doomed cosign denote . advice. a stimulus cosine queue a trigonometry term a line of people waiting council currant a group of people meeting for a purpose counsel (verb.

confidential facts objective data fax short for facsimile. distinct discussed talked over faint to go unconscious feint pretense does female deer (plural) (pronounced like hose) fair (adjective. the singular of dice dual a form of to do (pronounced like fuzz) fairy imaginary being possessing magical powers ferry type of boat . noun) impartial. verb) a desolate area. to abandon dessert extra s for sugary treat dye to stain or color using an agent two-fold duel fight discreet careful.desert (noun. in despair disparate entirely dissimilar discrete individual. technology that sends images by phone desperate lost all hope. an exhibition fare payment or expense for travel device (noun) an invention devise (verb) to invent disgust repulsion dew does condensation in the morning do to take action due owed by a certain date doughs unbaked loaves of bread doze to sleep die to cease to live.

honored fetid noxious. We had to walk further.farther refers to physical distance only Example: We had to walk farther than the map indicated. cause. or promote a work. moreover. imitation foe enemy. further (verb) To help forward. gross flea insect flee fewer to run away refers to a number that can be counted less refers to an uncountable amount under used for direction flew past tense of fly. appendages at end of legs flair style flare feted erupt celebrated. to have moved through the air with wings flu a virus flue find type of tree fur hairy coat of an animal faux fake. Nothing could be further from the truth. etc. Example: Elisa had more desire to further her own interests than to further the mission of the organization. opponent .) refers to physical distance like farther. further (adverb. to a greater extent Examples: We need to discuss this further. faze to perturb or fluster phase a period or situation discover fined penalized fir feat an extraordinary act or accomplishment feet twelve-inch increments. adj. undertaking. in addition. advance.

stride gate barrier flour grain flower the bloom of a plant forte someone’s strong point. proceed. spew fort a military fortification a manner of walking or stepping. precede forgo to do without freeze foreword to make cold frieze . talent gilt forth gold-covered forward guilt fourth blame number after third gone foul used with has or have offensive.part of a chimney introduction to a book written by someone other than the author forward opposite of backward a decorative band on the wall floe sheet of floating ice flow further (see farther) gait pour. disgusting went fowl past tense of go certain birds gored frees releases stabbed with a horn or tusk gourd hard-shelled fruit for preposition fore ahead four the number after three forego to go in front of.

would of hall grille an openwork barrier for a gate passageway or large room haul groan a low. offered an opinion guest company. acquisition of money dishonestly graphed diagrammed guise appearance or assumed appearance guys men hair haut/haute high-class. could have. drag. of should’ve. could of. fancy as in haute couture (pronounced oh or oht) hoe flat-bladed gardening tool grate a cover or partition of parallel or crossed bars great excellent what grows on one’s head and body hare grill method of cooking. mournful sound of pain or grief to pull. or lower hay dried grass halve hey . barbecuing rabbit have vs. could’ve. No such wording as should of. and would have. and would’ve are contractions for should have.gorilla largest of the apes guerrilla soldier using surprise raids. honoree hangar shed or shelter for housing airplanes hanger something to hang a garment on in the closet graft attach. irregular tactics grown to have increased in size divide into two have to possess guessed conjectured.

informal for hello high elevated hoes flat-bladed gardening tools hose a flexible tube for conveying liquid horse animal heard listened herd a flock of animals holy religious wholly entirely. crowd hoarse heroine cracked voice female admired for courage or ability healthful something that promotes health Example: Organic food is thought to be healthful. complete hi a greeting. completely . to give an official hearing here in this spot him pronoun referring to male person or animal hymn song in praise of religious deity more elevated hole hire an opening to pay for services whole entire. scoundrel a narcotic derived from morphine a large group. amass horde heal heroin to alleviate or cure heel back part of the foot. healthy to have good health higher hear to listen.interjection used to call attention heir (see air) hoard stockpile.

breathing space. comprehension incredible immigrate (see emigrate) astonishing incredulous skeptical ingenious clever ingenuous naive or simple innocence to be without guilt innocents people who are without guilt insure (see assure) . fairy tale in preposition.hostel boarding house or inexpensive lodging hostile antagonistic illusion (see allusion) hour sixty minutes our possessive pronoun I (see aye) imply idle not active. unemployed idol someone admired idyll or idyl interlude. illicit (see elicit) abbreviation for incorporated small hotel to indicate without being explicit infer to conclude from evidence illusive (see elusive) illude (see allude) ink fluid in pens incite to prompt to action insight understanding. inside inn I'll (see aisle) inc. romance.

without regard knead work with bread dough kneed hit with one’s knee know understand. comprehend no a negative to express dissent knows isle (see aisle) need understands to require nose knew past tense of know. easy-going knight gem joule in physics. a unit of work or energy karat (see carat) knot kernel (see colonel) not key used to express negation interlacing of cord or rope lain past participle of lie as in lie down lane narrow road or passage a soldier in the Middle Ages night period between sunset and sunrise ladder the thing with rungs that you climb latter the second of two it's contraction for it is or it has its possessive pronoun jewel .(see cay) irregardless no such word exists regardless in spite of. to have understood new opposite of old part of the body one smells with lacks is deficient in lax slack.

Mach 2 = twice the speed of sound mock (adjective. leading mane loose less . present tense of lie down (see lay vs. past tense of to lead a unit to be learned or studied lessen to make less lesson opposite of tight lose opposite of win. misplace Mach ratio with the speed of sound: Mach 1 = the speed of sound. present tense of led (pronounced like seed) led guided. ridicule lie leak unintended discharge of liquid or gas leek type of onion a falsehood.(see fewer) lead a metal element (pronounced like red). to incline lightening to make lighter lightning lien a claim on property to secure debt payment a brilliant electric spark in the sky mail correspondence male loan leased rented least smallest in size or amount something lent for temporary use lone only. verb) not fatty. chief. lie chart above) lye a caustic substance made created maid cleaning lady lean (adjective. verb) artificial. solitary masculine. opposite of female main primary.

sound of suffering mown cut grass missed failed to hit animal flesh used for food may miner (see can) one who excavates to extract ores minor (noun. obey martial mined militant. aggressive mall plaza. noun) mind (noun.long hair on the back of a horse or lion merry cheerful earth element mettle boldness maize corn maze labyrinth marshal (verb. fine spray medal moan decoration. badge meddle to interfere unwantedly marry to wed metal lament. projection over a theater entrance marquis aristocrat. verb) assemble. focal point maul abuse. adjective) someone under legal age. an event mete marquee canopy. a judge intelligence. shelter. claw meat manner behavior meet (verb. nobleman mist administer. noun) manor palatial residence to connect. small excavated to extract ores . touch. allot fog.

manner mowed to have cut grass mustard yellow condiment mustered assembled. not any nun female member of a religious order on to vs. onto Use onto if you can add up before on.mode method. gathered naval nose (see knows) not (see knot) mood an emotional state mooed the sound a cow made pertaining to ships navel belly button. umbilicus number (see amount) oar need a blade for rowing or conjunction ore metal-bearing mineral or rock moose an animal mousse type of dessert (see knead) new (see knew) morning start of the day. between night and afternoon mourning sorrow over someone’s death night (see knight) odd (see awed) no (see know) of (see have) muscle fibrous tissue mussel edible marine bivalve none not one. .

Example: He climbed (up) onto the roof. informed about. taste pallet a low. one single unit won past tense of win past tense of pack pact an agreement or treaty pail bucket pale lacking color passed past tense of pass past the time before the present oral (see aural) pain physical or emotional suffering pane patience willingness to wait patients people under medical care ordinance a law ordnance military weapons and ammunition a plate of glass or panel pair two of something pare pause a temporary stop paws animal feet our (see hour) to remove or peel pear . a board to hold and mix colors Use onto when you mean fully aware of. portable platform palette a range of colors. (She did not hold up her child. Example: She held on to her child in the crowd.) overdo to do to excess overdue past due packed type of fruit palate roof of the mouth. Example: We canceled Julia's surprise party when we realized she was onto our plan.

1416. hawk. pleas cries for help. evident. to satisfy plum pealed rang bells peeled removed a layer pi 3. cylindrical piece of wood or metal poll a collection of opinions. appeals please a polite word. treeless area of land plane a flat or level surface. short for airplane perpetrate to commit. simple. or dispense pistil female organ of a flower pistol peer person who is an equal small hole pier type of gun pore baked food filled with fruit or meat a long. the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter pie pole pedal foot-operated lever peddle to sell. noun) not fancy. as in a crime perpetuate peak to prolong or sustain top of a mountain peek glance furtively pique to wound someone’s pride or to excite interest phase (see faze) Example: The myth that the sun revolved around the earth was perpetuated for centuries.peace calm piece a portion of something a structure extending out over water plain (adjective. survey a type of fruit plumb perpendicular .

wedges open prize award or reward queue (see cue) principal (noun. being present rap (noun. to strike sharply wrap to enclose in a covering rapped . adjective) head of school. offers units of liquid measure (four quarts to a gallon) presumption (see assumption) quartz a mineral presence appearance. harness quay (see cay) praise express approval prays makes requests to God preys hunts for food. chief. criteria presidents chief executives professionals. tear down completely bit. victimizes precedence priority precedents examples. verb) quarts gifts. of first importance principle fundamental belief rain water that falls in drops from the sky reign rule.pour to send liquid flowing pries looks closely. experts prose literature presents (noun. administration rein profit gain prophet predictor. seer raise lift up raze pros flatten. verb) a type of music.

verb) . path. opposite of left reek to smell bad wreak rite ritual.struck sharply rapt fascinated wrapped enclosed in a covering to cause trouble wreak havoc to compose letters or words regardless (see irregardless) ring sound of a bell. scoundrel relax wrest road take from street. falter review survey recede to move back. authentic reel stumble. ceremony write revue a satirical show wretch lowly being. withdraw reseed to seed again right correct. propel with an oar (pronounced like oh). highway rode past tense of ride rowed past tense of row roe fish eggs row aisle (pronounced like oh). fight (pronounced like wow) role part in a play or film roll (noun. jewelry worn around a finger wring to twist rest read present and past tenses of to comprehend writing red a color retch vomit real actual.

decompose wrought accomplished scene rote by memory. a setting seen to have viewed with eyes seas bodies of salt water sees views with eyes seize to grab hold of . droll rot decay. formula wrote past tense of write scent rude (see cent) a view. dry root base of a plant rout defeat (pronounced rowt) route path (pronounced like root or rowt) mocking. or char seer saver one who saves savor to appreciate a taste one who sees (as in the future) sere withered.a bun. to rotate impolite. burn. repented rye seed from a grain wry seam line formed by pieces of fabric sewn together seem sacks appear large bags sax saxophone sear scorch. unmannerly rued sea a body of salt water see to view with eyes roomer one who rents a room rumor innuendo. gossip regretted. ironic.

" sick sensor (see censor) sent (see cent) to scatter or plant seed sewer serf slave surf (noun. "They made there [sic] beds. verb) breaking waves. sit shoo interjection used to scare away an animal sell (see cell) one sits oneself Example: Please sit down at the table. to ride a surfboard ill a conduit for carrying off waste suer one who sues sics attacks six shear to cut sheer transparent set one sets a thing shoe foot attire sight (see cite) a number serial (see cereal) sign an indication .seed (see cede) Example: Please set the table. Example: She wrote. shoot (see chute) semiannual (see biannual) sew to stitch so in the manner indicated sow sic a Latin term used to indicate that something written is intentionally left in the original form. which may be incorrect.

sine a trigonometry term slew past tense of slay slough the total from adding numbers son male offspring sun since (see because) swamp (pronounced slew or slau) sink to submerge. lone soul the spiritual part of humans spayed to have removed the ovaries of an animal staid solemn. where you wash dirty clothes synch or sync to synchronize. to coincide or match up soar to fly at great height sore in pain star that is the central body of the solar system sonny diminutive of son sunny soared flew at great height lit or warmed by the sun. cheerful site (see cite) sword a bladed weapon spade digging tool slay kill sleigh snow vehicle. to descend to a lower level. waited stair step . skill slight slender. serious sleight cunning. of little substance some a certain unspecified number sum stayed remained. sled sole bottom of foot.

degree suite steppe vast grasslands a connected series of rooms sweet stile opposite of sour take tale story past tense of sway. passageway style fashion summary an abstract or brief account summery stake a pole steak cut of meat straight of the summer not curved or bent strait narrow passage of water connecting two bodies of water sundae ice cream with syrup Sunday day of the week stationery writing paper succor relief. assistance sucker steal rob short nails steel (noun. adjective) iron alloy. noun) moving by lifting the foot.stare to look without blinking turnstile. persuaded tail hindmost animal appendage percent of earnings paid to the government fool sympathy (see empathy) tacks stationary in one place . napped surface swayed step (verb. determined suede tax leather finished with a soft.

sounds of a clock tics facial twitches tear (noun) threw past tense of throw tide past.(see bring) salt water coming from eyes when sad (pronounced like ear) tier a row or layer through in one end and out the other tare allowance for the weight of packaging tear (verb) throes agonizing struggles tense rip. hurls taught past tense of teach taut tightly stretched than used for comparison tea a beverage tee a peg from which a golf ball is hit then indicates time. present. pull apart nervous strain tosses. answers when thyme herb of the mint family time their possessive pronoun team group playing on the same side in a game teem swarm there location they're contraction for they are ticks parasites. future sequences of events tents portable shelters used for camping throne royal seat or office thrown was tossed throws .

to an extensive degree Example: It is too hot to jog. to run. against vial small container for holding liquids told said tolled . two the number after one troop vile a body of soldiers toad similar to a frog toed having a toe towed pulled. toward. hauled repulsive. depraved troupe a group of traveling performers vain excessively concerned about one’s appearance vane a blade moved by wind as in weather vane vein blood vessel vice bad habit. immoral practice vise device used to hold an object firmly wade to walk through water weighed a rich cake made with little or no flour verses lines of poetry tracked versus followed tract an extended area of land. to hit) too also. used with the infinitive form of verbs (to go.ebb and flow of the ocean tied past tense of tie sounded a bell vary tort a breach of contract torte to change or alter very extremely to in the direction of. a political or religious pamphlet as compared to another choice.

to have put on a scale worn carried on the body. vary in what place? warn weather to notify what one? which wear wield to carry on the body to exercise power. deteriorated state of the atmosphere in a location whether if wail mournful cry warrantee whale marine mammal person who is given a written guarantee warranty waist narrowest part of the human torso (usually) way waste direction to squander or spend uselessly weigh to measure mass wait to be available or ready weight quantity of heaviness or mass weak lacking strength week seven days starting with Sunday waiver moved on wheels a relinquishment of some right waver where to feel indecisive. to handle a weapon effectively were past tense of are we're contraction for we are went (see gone) written guarantee weave to interlace thread or yarn to make a fabric we've contraction for we have wheeled .

trap. or entice whorled shaped like a coil wrap (see rap) whole (see hole) wrapped (see rapt) whine wholly complaining cry (see holy) wine fermented grape juice that becomes an alcoholic beverage who's contraction for who is whose whined possessive case of who past tense of whine. habit won't contraction for will not write (see right) wrote whirled wood (see rote) . air current (pronounced like sinned) wined to supply with wine won (see one) wretch (see retch) wrest (see rest) wreak (see reek) wring (see ring) wont (adjective. complained wind what one does to keep a watch ticking on time (pronounced like kind).witch sorceress spun rapidly world planet Earth tree trunk material would expressing an intention while during or in the time that wile a trick to fool. noun) accustomed.

harness for oxen wrought (see rot) yolk yellow center of an egg you're contraction for you are your possessive pronoun wry (see rye) yoke yore long past .