# EE2202 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY UNIT-1 INTRODUCTION PART-A 1. Define Divergence. 2. State divergence theorem.( very important) 3.

What are the different sources of electromagnetic fields? 4. What are the different co-ordinate systems? 5. Given A=5j+4k, B=10i+3j, find the projection of A on B. 6. State the properties of divergence of a vector field. 7. Given A=10ay+3az and B=5ax+4ay, find the projection of A and B. 8. Prove that curlgrad φ=0 9. Obtain the unit vector in the direction from the origin towards the point P(3,-3,-2) 10. State stoke‟s theorem. 11. Show that vector is solenoidal. 12. How are the unit vectors defined in cylindrical co-ordinate systems? 13. Obtain in the cylindrical co-ordinate system the gradient of the function ( ) PART-B 1. Find the electric field at a point P(0,0,6) due to a point charge Q1 of 0.35µC placed at Z(0,5,0) and Q2 of -0.6µC placed at (5,0,0) 2. Obtain in the spherical co-ordinate system the gradient of the function ( )

3. State and derive divergence theorem. ) 4. Show that in Cartesian coordinates for any vector A, ( ( ) 5. Given point P(-1,4,3) and vector A=yax+(x+z)ay express P and A in cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Evaluate A at P in the Cartesian and spherical systems. 6. Determine D at (2,0,3) if there is a point charge -4Π mC at (3,0,0) and a line charge 2Π mC along the y axis. 7. Derive stoke‟s theorem. 8. Transform the vector ⃗ ̅̅̅ ̅̅̅ ̅̅̅ at p(x=+2,y=+3,z=4) to spherical coordinate. 9. Write short notes on the following (i) Gradient (ii) Divergence (iii) Curl and

z=0. 11. (ii) The line integral of the tangential component of A around any closed path is zero. evaluates ∮ ⃗ ⃗⃗⃗⃗ around the path shown in figure 12.z=1. y=0.y=1. Describe the different co-ordinate systems used to represent field vectors. Verify whether the vector field is both solenoidal and irrational. 16. . Show that the vector field A is conservative if A possesses one of the following two properties. x=1. 17. Write a note on “sources and effects of electromagnetic fields”. Determine the curl of these vector fields. 19. (a) (b) (c) 13. 20.3). (i) The line integral of the tangential component of A along a path extending from a point P to a point Q is independent of the path. Find the gradient of the following scalar fields: (a) (b) (c) 14. Evaluate ∫ ⃗⃗⃗⃗ ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ where ⃗ and S is the surface of the unit cube bounded by x=0. Explain in detail line.(iv) Stoke‟s theorem 10.-2. also verify the divergence theorem. If ⃗ . Given compute and ∫ over the area S as shown in the figure below. Find the unit vector normal to the surface x2y+2xz=4 at the point (2. 15. surface and volume integrals of vector functions. 18.

9. 25. 22. respectively. Find the electric field at (1. A Vector field is given by the expression ⃗ ( ) (i) in cylindrical co-ordinates and (ii) in spherical co-ordinates. 6. 8. 0≤z≤1. Show that in the case of a point charge. The electric potential near the origin of a system of co-ordinates is V=ax2+by2+cz2.1. determine the potential gradient and also prove that the vector F =grad φ is irrotional. What is the practical significance of dielectric strength? 1. 7.8X105 S/cm. 13. Given that ⃗ (a) Find ∮ ⃗ where L is shown in figure.21. At the boundary between copper and aluminum the electric field lines makes an angle of 45° with the normal to the interface. 5. Draw the equipotential lines and electric field lines for a parallel plate capacitor. Find the angle of emergence. 0<y<1. (b) Verify stoke‟s theorem UNIT 2 ELECTROSTATICS PART-A Write down Poisson‟s and Laplace‟s Equations.2. The conductivity of copper and aluminum are 5. Write Poisson‟s equation and Laplace equation for a simple medium. Define polarization. find the flux emanating due this field from the closed surface of the cylinder. r=4.1). Define di-electric strength. Determine F in each case in the Cartesian form at a point (1. 24. Define electric potential and potential difference. 3. 2. What is the dielectric strength of coaxial cable? 10. 0<z<1. State Gauss‟s law for electromagnetics. A vector field ⃗ is in cylindrical form.3) 11. Verify the divergence theorem for the following case ⃗ and the surface is a cuboid defined by 0<x<1. If a scalar potential is given by the expression φ=xyz. What are symmetrical charge distribution? 12. Verify the result by divergence theorem. 4. . 23. Define electric dipole and electric dipole moment.

State and derive electric boundary conditions for a dielectric to dielectric medium and a conductor to dielectric medium. What is the potential at a point P due to two parallel line charges which are equal and opposite. Derive the Laplace‟s and Poisson‟s equations.-2.2. If έr=2 in the region determine the total charge induced on the shells and capacitance of the capacitor. dielectric and in conductors. Determine the electric field intensity at P(-0. this line joining the charges is parallel to the surface of an infinite conducting region which is at zero potential. 5. 12. Find the electric field due to a uniform line charge. Determine V and E in the region between the shells. calculate: (a) The electric field strength in the dielectric and . 3. 4. 14. 15. Consider a square of side 5 cm. A circular disc of radius „a‟ m is charged uniformly with a charge density of „σ‟ coulombs/m2. 8. Derive the expression for energy density in electrostatic field.1. The specified line is at a distance a/2 from the surface of the conducting region.2. Two equal point charges are place on a line at a distance „a‟ apart. State and Prove Gauss law. 6.14.5) in air. 10. The plates of a charged parallel plate capacitor having a dielectric of permittivity 20X10-12 F/m are each of 1. If έr=2 in the region determine the total charge induced on the shells and capacitance of the capacitor. Find the potential at any point along the axis of a uniformly charged disc of σ C/m 2. The disc has radius of „a‟ m. Find the value of the electric field intensity at the fourth corner of the square. Show that the force between the charges is .0. 16. Deduce the expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor having two dielectric media. Find the potential at a point „h‟ m from the disc surface along its axis. 13. Three positive charges of 100 nC each are located at three corners of the square. Determine V and E in the region between the shells.-2. 7. 15. 11.3) due to a point charge of +5nC at Q90. and the charge on each is 50µC. What happens to the force when sign of one the charges is reversed. 2. Conducting spherical shells with radii a=8cm and b= 20cm are maintained at a potential difference of 100V such that V(r=b)=0 and V=(r=a)=70V. Conducting spherical shells with radii a=8cm and b= 2=cm are maintained at a potential difference of 100V such that V(r=b)=0 and V=(r=a)=70V. Determine the capacitance of concentric cylinders with mixed cylinders. Discuss electric field in free space. What is an electric dipole? PART-B 1.25 m2 area. All dimensions are in meters.0. 9.

Draw the magnetic field pattern in and around a solenoid. (ii) If a saw cut of width 2mm is made in the above ring. (i) Calculate the flux established in the ring. If their mutual inductance is 0. 8. 4. UNIT 3 MAGNETOSTATICS PART-A What is the point of Ampere‟s circuital law? Distinguish between scalar and vector magnetic potential? State Lorentz law of force. 5. A toroid had internal radius 6cm and external radius 8cm.5m on a cylindrical paper tube 4cm in diameter. 2. 3. Derive an expression for magnetic field intensity due to a circular loop carrying current I amps at a point along its axis. An iron ring with a cross sectional area of 3cm2 and a mean circumference of 15cm is wound with 250 turns of wire carrying a current of 0. 3. . A total charge of 10-8 C is distributed uniformly along a ring of radius of 5m. 2. determine the equal in assuming the mean circumference for the mean length of magnetic field. find the new value of the flux in the circuit. 7. Derive H due to a circular current loop and extend the same to compute H due to a long solenoid. 6. 5.2H and 0. What is the magnetic field due to an infinity long wire carrying a current I? A long straight wire carries a current I=1 ampere. 4. Derive an expression for the energy stored in the magnetic field of a coil possessing an inductance of L henry when the current in the coils is IA. State Ampere‟s law. 6. At what distance is the magnetic field H=1 A/m.1H respectively and connected in series and in parallel. 9. PART-B 1. Define Lenz‟s law. 17. calculate the potential on the axis of the ring at a point 5m from the centre of the ring. What is H due to a long straight current carrying conductor? 11.1H determined the effective inductance of their combination in each case. Evaluate the inductance of a solenoid of 2500 turns would uniformly over a length of 0. Write the expression for magnetic forces moving charge particle in a magnetic field. 12. The medium is air. Two coils with negligible resistance and of self inductance of 0. Define the terms: magnetic moment and magnetic permeability. Develop an expression for the flux density and inductance of a toroid. 1.(b) Surface density of the bound charge on the dielectric. 10.3A the relative permeability of the ring is 1500 .

Write the expression for total current density. Distinguish between conduction and displacement currents. State and explain Biot-Savart‟s law 11. Calculate the force between them. In a charge free non magnetic dielectric region. Derive an expression for the force between two parallel wires carrying current in the same direction and opposite direction. Give Lorentz force equation. Derive Maxwell‟s equations in integral and point forms. 5. 9. Develop an expression for magnetic field intensity inside and outside a solid cylindrical conductor of radius „a‟ . What is the type of voltage induced in the loop? 2. 15. UNIT 4 ELECTRODYNAMIC FIELDS PART-A 1. 16. What is displacement current? 4. 12. Compare circuit and field theory 7. State and explain ampere‟s law. An iron ring with a cross sectional area of 8cm2 and a mean circumference of 120cm is wound 480 turns of wire carrying a current of 2A. 10. PART-B 1. The relative permeability of the ring is 1250. 8. Find the emf induced in a circuit having an inductance of 700µH if the current through it varies at the rate of 5000A/sec. 2. Define dynamic emf. Calculate the flux established in the ring. carrying a current I with uniform density. State faraday‟s law. State the continuity equation. 9. Derive the expression for coefficient of coupling in terms of mutual and self inductances of the coils. 6. A loop is rotating about the y-axis in a magnetic field B=Bosinwt I wb/m2. Explain in detail the principle of operation of a motor. Derive the boundary conditions to explain the behavior of magnetic field at the interface of two magnetic media. the magnetic field is given by .7. 3. 10. Two wires carrying current the same direction of 5000A and 1000A are placed with their axis 5cm apart. 14. Derive the expression for energy density in a magnetic field. 13. 8. Derive an expression for the force between two any straight parallel current carrying conductors.

Calculate the dielectric constant of the medium and also the displacement current density. 11.m2 4. (ii) Parallel to the field and (iii) At an angle 45 to the orientation of the field. 9.r. 7. A parallel plate capacitor has an electrode area of 0. explain the relationship between the field theory and circuit theory. R=resistance of resistor. Evaluate the emf induced in the conductor if the direction of motion is (i) Normal to the field. 10. show that ∫ where. L=inductance of inductor.06mm. A straight conductor of length 50cm moves perpendicular to its axis at a velocity of 60m/sec in a uniform magnetic field of flux density 1. Why are Maxwell‟s equations not completely symmetrical/ 5. . By applying field theory to a RLC parallel circuit excited by an alternating current source of „I‟ ampere. 2r2 (r1>>r2) are coaxially located and carry current I1 and I2 respectively. The loop is placed in a magnetic field. Calculate its displacement current density. ̂ ̂ (i) Derive the expression for the induced voltage on the loop. Define self inductance and mutual inductance and show that M=k(L1L2)1/2 8. By means of simple RLC series circuit.̂ ( )̂ . Also explain the limitations of circuit theory. Assume a dielectric with relative permittivity of 10. the Plates are separated by a distance of 0. V=voltage across parallel combination. A conducting circular loop of radius „a‟ has its centre at the origin and its axis makes an angle θ with the z axis. State and derive the time harmonic Maxwell‟s equation in integral form and point form. 3. The axial distance between the centers of loops is „z‟ find approximately the force between the loops. C=Capacitance of capacitor. Discuss the relation between field theory and circuit theory.02m2.3 tesla. determine the lopp radius given that Bo=10mWb. 6. Two parallel circular loops of radius . A voltage of 250 sin250t is applied across the plates. (ii) If the peak to peak voltage is 16mV at a frequency of 1kHz when the loop lies in the xy plane.

UNIT 5 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES PART-A 1. What is displacement current density? 4. Explain poynting vector and power flow in electromagnetic fields. 11. 11. Represent equation of electromagnetic wave in phasor form. Write the one dimensional wave equation for a wave travelling in z direction. In free space E(z. 7. 3. Derive the electromagnetic wave equation in phasor form. 8. find the velocity of EM wave peak poynting vector. 12. Determine the intrinsic impedance of free space. How is power flow is reduced by using poynting vector? Explain poynting theorem. A plane wave propagating through a medium with tr=8. PART-B 1. Write emf equation when moving conducting loop in a time varying field. Find the velocity of a plane wave is a lossless medium having a relative permittivity of 5 and relative permeability of unity.t)=100(wt-bz) az V/m. If the medium is lossless with έr=3 amd µr=1. derive all the formula used. What is skin depth? 2. A plane travelling wave has a peak electric field intensity E as 6Kv/m. imperdance of medium and peak value of magnetic field H. Calculate H and plot E and H waveforms at time t=0. determine (i) ß (ii) The core tangent (iii) wave impedance (iv) wave velocity (v) H field. 3. 7. 10. The current density at surface a thick metal plate in 100 A/m2. 6. µr=2 has E=0.01cm is 28 A/m2? 5. What is the velocity of electromagnetic wave of free space and in lossless dielectric? 13. 9. Define poynting vector. 8.5sin(108t-ßz) az. What is TEM? 9. 12. Derive the electromagnetic wave equation. 4. V/m. characteristic impedance and input impedance of a transmission line. Explain in detail the behavior of plane waves in lossless medium. What is standing wave ratio? Write the relationship between standing wave ratio. 10. What are the standing waves/ 5. . Define voltage reflection coefficient at the load end of a transmission line. Explain its significance. What is the skin depth in current density at a depth of 0. Find the velocity of plane wave in lossless medium having a relative permittivity of 5 and relative permeability is unity. Explain the wave propagation in lossy dielectrics. 2. Give the application of wave guides? 6.

01cm is 28A/m2. Derive the transmission and reflection coefficient for the electromagnetic waves. 16.13. State and prove poynting theorem and derive the expression for average power. 15. . Derive wave equations in phasor form. 19. What is the skin depth of the current density at a depth of 0. Discuss the above for an open line and a short circuited line. The current density at the surface of a thick metal plate is 100A/m2. determine the input impedance. A transmission line operating at w=106 radian/second has ά =8 db/m. Derive suitable relations for integral and point forms of poynting theorem. ß=1 rad/m and zo=(60+j40)ohm and 2m long. If the time line is connected to a source of Vg volts and terminated by a load of (20+j50) ohms. 18. 17. 14. Derive the wave equation in phasor form.