FAQs – Mid Day Meal

Q. No. 1

Question Reply Who is eligible to participate in the All children studying in Government/Local Mid Day Meal Programme? Body, Government Aided Schools and Centres run under the Education Guarantee Scheme(EGS) and Alternative Innovative Education (AIE) are eligible to participate in the Mid Day Meal Programme. How does the Mid Day Meal Mid Day meal benefits benefit school children? children by:school going

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1. Contributing to improvement in their nutritional status; 2. Encouraging poor children, belonging to disadvantaged sections, to attend school more regularly and helping them concentrate on classroom activities. 3. Providing nutritional support to children of primary stage in drought-affected areas during summer vacation. How does it contribute to Mid day meal helps in improving the improving the quality of education? quality of education/ learning levels of the children. Many children reach school on an empty stomach. Even children who have had a meal before they leave for school get hungry by the afternoon and are not able to concentrate. After taking mid day meal, such children are able to concentrate better on classroom activities. What are the suggested food items For children in classes I – V, a meal with a available to children in the Mid nutritional value of 450 calories and 12 gms. Day Meal and who decides it? of protein is provided. For children in upper primary classes, a meal containing 700 calories and 20 gms of protein is provided. In addition to rice/chapattis, the meal includes pulses, vegetables depending upon local availability. Some States are also providing eggs, fruit etc. The weekly menu is decided by the local authorities i.e. village Panchayat, VEC, Self-Help Groups, etc. Some States have also prescribed weekly menu for all schools, giving options for

provided the State Govt.50 per child per school day provided the State Govt. (iv) implementation of varied menu. 2. PRIMARY (a) States in NorthEastern Region For Other States & UTs @Rs. contributes a minimum of 20 paise per child per day @Rs.. (iii) timeliness in procurement of good quality ingredients. (ii) cleanliness in cooking and serving. What is the financial assistance Besides free foodgrains @ 100 gms per provided by the Central child/school day for primary classes and 150 Government under this gms per child/school day for upper primary Programme? classes. support for construction of kitchen Central Government provides a grant @ Rs. provided the Eastern State Govt. This should be done on a daily basis.80 per child per school day. Central Government provides assistance for cooking cost as under: I. Contributes a minimum of 50 paise per child per day 6 7 8 (b) II. UPPER PRIMARY (a) States in @Rs. In what way can mothers can play a Mothers of children studying in schools can better role in improving the quality help supervise the preparation and serving of Mid Day Meal? meal to children. 1. 1. SDMCs as well as Mothers’ Committees can monitor the (i) regularity and wholesomeness of the mid day meal served to children. sheds cum stores and for 60. (v) social and gender equity. contributes a Region minimum of 20 paise per child per day (b) For @Rs. fuel. Contributes UTs a minimum of 50 paise per child per day 9 Does Central Government provide For construction of kitchen sheds cum stores./UT Admn. Representatives of Gram Panchayats/Gram Sabhas. etc.30 per child per Northschool day.5 alterations as per the local availability./UT Admn. Does it also provide the employment for women? What is the mechanism by which it is ensured that a wholesome and nutritious meal is served regularly to children? The Scheme has generated employment opportunities for women as cooks/helpers. PTAs. 2. members of VECs.000/ per unit. The Central Government is .00 per child per Other school day provided the State States & Govt.

as the Mid Day Meal Scheme helps erode the barriers that prevent girls from going to school. village Panchayats. The gender gap in school participation tends to narrow. including those belonging to minority community. women and girl children have a special stake in Mid Day Meal Scheme. and helps liberate working women from the burden of cooking at home during the day. States prepare indicative menus using locally available and culturally acceptable food items. The weekly menu is decided by the local authorities i. Daily Menu also. All children. The meal prepared from free foodgrains and cooking cost provided to States plus States’ own minimum mandatory contribution provides 450 calories and 12 gms of protein for primary classes and 700 calories and 20 gms of protein for upper primary classes. In these and other ways. etc. Mid Day Meal Scheme also provide a useful source of employment for women.e. Findings of the evaluation studies by independent organizations in various states enclosed as Annexure-I show that enrolment in schools has increased due to Mid Day . Self-Help Groups. among other information. schools are required to display. local body and Government –aided schools and in Centres run under EGS and AIE Schemes are provided mid day meal. including for example Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF) and MP Local Area Development (MPLAD) Programme. 5000/.procurement of kitchen devices? 10 Does the Central government ensure that Mid Day Meal contains minimum amount of protein required for children? 11 Who decides the menu for the Mid Day Meal? 12 What are the effects of Mid Day Meal on the girl child? 13 14 Is it mandatory for school to display the menu for Mid Day Meal on the notice boards? How do children from minority communities benefit from the Mid day Meal scheme? 15 What are the impact of Mid Day Meal on out of school children? also encouraging states to ensure convergence with other infrastructure development programmes. VEC. studying in classes I to VIII in Government.per school is also provided for replacement/provisioning of kitchen equipments/devices. One time grant @ Rs. As per Guidelines of the Scheme. Children studying in the recognized Madaras/Maktabs are also included for coverage under the scheme.

those coming from distant places. all schools and centres the implementation of Mid Day where the programme is being implemented Meal Scheme? are required to display information on a suomoto basis. (v) Daily Menu (vi) Roster of Community Members involved in the programme 18 What are the achievements of Mid Mid Day meals have big effects on school Day Meal? participation. date of receipt. and thus cannot concentrate on studies. Mid day meal provides an opportunity to impart good habits to children (such as washing one’s hands before and after eating) and educates them about the importance of . This includes information on What are the popular formats/success stories on Mid Day Meal schemes which observed in states? (i) Quantity of food grains received. Mid day meal acts as a regular source of “supplementary nutrition” for children. The Mid Day Meal Programme is the largest feeding programme in the world. which facilitates their healthy growth. Implementation of the Programme across the country in about 10 lakhs schools and covering about 12 crores children even in the remotest village is itself a success story. again feel hungry on reaching school. utilized (iv) Number of children given mid day meal. not just in terms of getting more children enrolled in the registers but also in terms of regular pupil attendance on a daily basis. Mid Day Meal helps overcome classroom hunger as many children come to school empty stomach or. How can the Government ensure In order to ensure that there is transparency transparency and accountability in and accountability. (ii) Quantity of food grains utilized (iii) Other ingredients purchased.16 17 Meal Scheme.

The gender gap in school participation tends to narrow. . as children from various social backgrounds learn to sit together and share a common meal. as the Mid Day Meal Scheme helps erode the barriers that prevent girls from going to school. mid day meal can help to break the barriers of caste and class among school.clean water. good hygiene and other related matters. and helps liberate working women from the burden of cooking at home during the day. In particular. women and girl children have a special stake in Mid Day Meal Scheme. Appointing cooks from Dalit communities is another way of teaching children to overcome caste prejudices. Mid day meal also helps in spreading egalitarian values. In these and other ways. Mid Day Meal Scheme also provide a useful source of employment for women.

“Mid-Day Meal Scheme in Delhi – A functioning programme” Anuradha De. but a lot more needs to be done. “Mid day Meal in Madhya Pradesh”: Samaj Pragati Sahyog. Rama Naik. impact of attendance more likely on girls. (2005). University of Dharwad (2005). The increase has been more marked with respect to girls and children belonging to SC/ST categories. April EPW (2005): The implementation of the programme is improving. which find inter alia enhancement in enrollment and attendance. who often come to school without breakfast.Day Meal Programme in Rajasthan”. as children sit together and share a common meal irrespective of caste and class. It has contributed to social equity. Claire Noronha and Meera Samson .” Farzana Afridi. University of Rajasthan and UNICEF (2005): states that the introduction of menu based mid day meal has positively impacted enrollment and attendance of children. Has reported sharp rise in enrollment. CORD. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) . particularly in rural areas. The new initiative of ‘Suruchi Bhojan’ is more attractive than the earlier ‘Daliya’ programme. It has further contributed to gender equity in that it has provided employment to women. The study shows that Mid Day Meal has made positive intervention in universalisation of primary education by increasing enrollment and attendance. The studies include: (a) “Cooked Mid-Day meal programme in West Bengal . The findings show that there was a 15% increase in enrollment. The programme has had an impact on teacher absenteeism: 64% schools stated that teacher absenteeism has been reduced.A study of Birbhum district”. Surveyed 12 MCD schools – school children in all schools were receiving food. which was more marked in the case of SC and ST children (43%) “Mid Day Meals: A Comparison of the Financial and Institutional Organization of the Programme in Two States. The study also points out that Mid Day Meal scheme has contributed to reduction in teacher absenteeism and a narrowing of social distances. Dr. “Situation Analysis of Mid. “Report on Akshara Dasoha scheme of Karnataka". Professor Amartya Sen’s Pratichi Research Team (2005). 2005: Undertook a survey in 70 most backward villages.Annexure-I Evaluation studies conducted by Independent agencies Independent evaluation studies on the Mid-Day Meal have been conducted by different agencies in various parts of the country.

School enrollment indicated marked improvement in enrollment pattern of children in primary school.Mid Day Meal improved the school attendance in majority of the schools and reduced absenteeism. (h) “Mid Day Meal Scheme in Karnataka – A study” by National Institute of Public Cooperation & Child Development. Parents viewed that the mid day meal had reduced the burden of providing one time meal to their children and considered it as a great support to their families. Teachers opined that mid day meal aided in active learning of children.2007” by National Institute of Public Cooperation & Child Development. Indore:. Mid Day Meal Scheme undoubtedly resulted in increased school attendance and facilitated in retention of children in school for a longer period. (i) . especially among girls.(g) National Council of Educational Research & Training’s latest Report (2005) Learning Achievement of Students at the End of Class-V has inferred that children covered under mid day meal have higher achievement level than those who were not covered under it. “Mid Day Meal Scheme in Madhya Pradesh – A study . which indirectly improved their academic performance. The Scheme has played a significant role in bringing social equity. The Scheme has played a crucial role in reducing drop out. It has fostered a sense of sharing and fraternity and paved the way for social equity. Annual Report 2005-06:.