3 Women’s Org. Of this 8.3 Ans. 41.63 (2005-06) from 2. FM. 6 Edu. Of total teachers. Chairman Planning Commission 3 Ministers of State 3 MPs 6 Political Parties’ Reps. Q.CIL) Joint Secretary & DG SSA Department of SE & L Monitoring Institutions Joint Review Missions Educational & Prog. Minister for Human Resource Development Executive Committee 6 Teacher Union reps.81 lakh have been recruited. Reps 3 Institutional Members working for SC & ST Reps of National Resource Insts Ex-officio members Executive Committee SECRETARY SE & L Project Approval Board NCERT NIEPA NCTE IGNOU TSG(Ed.34 lakh teacher at elementary stage have been sanctioned.Under SSA 11. MIS . 2007. Pupil teacher ratio at primary stage has reduced from 46:1 (2002-03) to 36:1 (2006-07). 5 Educationists/Scientists 6 NGO reps.86% teachers are women (DISE 2006-07). by December. What is the organizational structure of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan? SSA National Mission PRIME MINISTER Governing Council HRM.47 (2002-03). Ministers of State Govts. Dy. Average number of teachers available in a primary school has improved to 2.

3% .4 Ans. Central budget of Rs. The indicated outlay for SSA for the 11th Plan period is Rs.5 Ans. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ SSA was partially funded to the tune of Rs. In respect of 8 North East States the funding pattern is 90:10 under the programme with the Central share resource from the 10% earmarked funds for the NE States in the SSA’s Central Budget”.10671 crore has been provided for SSA programme.State Mission Authority The General Council could be headed by the Chief Minister and the Executive Committee by the Chief Secretary/ Development Commissioner/ Education Secretary.4700 crores from 2003-04 to 2006-07 by the World Bank. Representation of Finance and Planning Departments on the General Council and the Executive Committee would facilitate decisionmaking. teacher union representatives.39%) 82984 (82. and women's groups would help in ensuring full transparency to the activities of the Mission. In 2007-08. social activists. European Commission and DFID of UK.96% 78. Q. 71000 crores. In “65:35 for the first two years of Plan.41%) 880727 (77. Involvement of NGOs. In Xth Plan it was 75:25 (in respect of NE States during 2005-06 and 2006-07. Department of School Education & Literacy. university teachers.: th What have been the Government of India releases for the SSA programme? In IXth Plan the Centre-State funding pattern was 85:15. Q. other allied Ministries of Government of India as well as the State government officials participate in this meeting. Department of Rural Development's involvement will facilitate the process of mobilizing additional resources under the rural employment programmes for school infrastructure development. 55:45 for the forth year and 50:50 thereafter. Panchayati Raj representatives.34%) 557927 (68. 60:40 for the third year. State/UTs received SSA funds against and approved Annual Work Plan & Budget drawn up by each district/state separately which is appraised at Government of India level in details and Government of India receiving approval in a meeting of the Project Approval Board of the SSA. What are the achievements of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan during X Plan period? Achievement of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan during 10th Plan Period Sanctioned under SSA during Xth Plan 133928 100788 815517 1009597 2180 KGBVs (from 2004-05) 2002 (Habitations covered) 86. Ministry of Human Resource Development would be represented both on the Governing Council and the Executive Committee. 15% State share was borne by the XI Plan funding pattern is: ♦ Ministry of DoNER).11% Opened (upto 31st March 2007) 100970(75.79%) 1830 (84%) New Primary Schools New Upper Primary Schools Additional Classrooms Teachers appointment KGBV Girls residential schools Sub Component Primary School coverage Upper Pry School Coverage 2006 (Habitations covered) 98% 85.

of Members of Zilla Parishad. District Magistrate/Collector/Dy. (vi) Apart from the audit by Chartered Accountant and the compulsory CAG audit. including teacher/student attendance. Q.g. 106 ST and 88 Muslim minority concentration districts. National Sample Survey on out of school children 2005.Q. developed in collaboration with NCERT. Till date 72 reports covering 254 districts of 32 States/UTs have been received and are placed on Web-Site www. NCERT has completed the baseline studies for class III. District Officers in-charge of drinking water mission/total sanitation programme/ICDS welfare etc. 9 other studies and evaluations are under way. Teacher training. Free text books are provided to SC/ST category children and to Muslim Girls.in.6: Ans.: What is the mechanism of regular monitoring & review under SSA? (i) District Level Committee comprising public representatives viz. (v) A Joint Review Mission (JRM) led by the Government of India reviews the progress of SSA twice a year. ST and Minority Children? SC/ST & Minority are focus areas and over-all efforts of SSA is to bridge social category gap by: • • • • • Focused provisioning in 61 districts with SC. Data for 2006-07 under compilation. (iii) Progress report on key monthly indicators and more detailed quarterly progress reports from States/UTs to Government of India. Academic Resource Support to Teachers.. These tools will provide quarterly and annual information on several quality related indices of SSA like Pupil Achievement. para teachers.7: Ans. MLAs. Student Attendance. 75% of seats in KGBV are reserved for girls belonging SC/ST/OBC/Minorities. District Education Officer. Commission/CEO Zilla Parishad. etc (ix) Pupil achievement level studies are conducted every three years to check increase in learning levels especially in mathematics and language.: What is SSA doing to support SC. MPs. and programme/Panchayati Raj/Labour/ Handicap welfare/social two NGOs working on elementary education. Free uniforms to SC/ST/OBC/Minority girl students in NPEGEL blocks. a concurrent financial review has been carried out through an independent professional organisation in 21 states by the Government of India.ssa. Classroom Transaction Practices. (ii) A computerized Educational MIS system gives annual school-based data on all significant educational statistics. dropout studies etc. Support to Madaras/Maqtabs : Madaras/Maqtabs have been covered under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in order to provide the regular curriculum to children who are not attending regular . (vii) Government of India is also getting several independent assessments carried out to assess the implementation of SSA and the elementary education situation in the country e. Data for 2005-06 published and on Website.nic. The next round of assesments are underway. V & VII/VIII. (viii) The Ministry has recently introduced a set of quality monitoring tools. (iv) 41 National Social Science Institutions have been tagged to all States/UTs to make regular field visits and monitor performance. time on task by students.

000 educationally backward blocks in the country where the female rural literacy is below the national average and the gender gap in literacy is above the national average.8: Ans. Taking note of the fact that a large number of children. Teachers’ sensitation programmes to promote equitable learning opportunities Gender-sensitive teaching-learning materials including textbooks Intensive community mobilisation efforts ‘Innovation fund’ per district for need based interventions for ensuring girls’ attendance and retention. Reaching out to the girl child is central to the efforts to universalize elementary education..schools.50 lakh as innovation funds for SC/ST/minority children for each district per year for local specific strategies. to norms and attitudes. contingencies etc. are found studying in makhtabs and madrasas.a. Rs. an instructor. 2000/. teacher grant @Rs. Free textbooks. for low cost teaching aids. by the local body concerned.per teacher p. Q.p. National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) .a. as per norms. has launched two focused interventions for girls – the National The Government of India Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) and the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) to reach out to girls from marginalised social groups in over 3. 4867 maktabs/madarsas have been taken up under EGS/AIE • • • Provision of Urdu textbooks to muslim girls. Primers in tribal dialects to transact instructions in mother tongue. to generate a community demand for girls’ education through training and mobilization The targeted provision for girls under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan include: • • • • • • • • • • Free textbooks to all girls upto class VIII Separate toilets for girls Back to school camps for out-of-school girls Bridge courses for older girls Recruitment of 50% women teachers Early childhood care and Education centers in/near schools/convergence with ICDS programme etc. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. or ‘Education for All’ programme recognizes that ensuring girl’s education requires changes not only in the education system but also in societal adopted. The Madarsas affiliated to the State Madarsa Boards and satisfying certain conditions are eligible for such assistance as is available to other grants-in-aid schools under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. What is SSA doing to support girls education? Education of girls has been a high priority with the Government of India. who are not registered or affiliated. 500/. free-textbooks for girls and additional teachers if required. This includes eligibility for a school grant @Rs. especially girls. are provided for transacting the regular curriculum. the SSA provides for setting up of an EGS centre or an AIE intervention. S o far 8309 madarsas have been assisted. A two-pronged gender strategy has therefore been make the education system responsive to the needs of the girls through targeted interventions which serve as a pull factor to enhance access and retention of girls in schools and on the other hand. The Madaras/Maqtabs have to volunteer for the assistance.

70 lakh girls. the development of model schools in clusters. and 2. There is provision in EG scheme for upgradation of EGS centres into primary schools if they run successfully for 2 years.708. Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS): EGS provides for setting up of alternative schools in unserved habitations where there is no formal school within the radius of 1 k. additional provisions for enhancing the education of under privileged/disadvantaged girls at elementary level through more intensive community mobilisation. The enrolment in EGS centres reached a peak of 40. for girls are being made available in 3073 EBBs. Presently 57131 EGS centres are functional. In additional 91 blocks identified by the Department of School Education & Literacy included.997 Model cluster schools have been opened. early child care and educational facilities and provision of need-based incentives like escorts. street children. working children. Alternative and Innovative Education (AIE): Alternative Education interventions for specific categories of deprived children e.26. to about 152. 25. bridge course covering 1. including additional incentives like uniforms etc.: What is being done under SSA for addressing the needs of out of school children? Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative and Innovative Education: Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative & Innovative Education (EGS and AIE) is an important component to bring out of school children in the fold of elementary education.537 ECCE centres are being supported. remedial teaching to 13. 2008.784 girls upto 15th March.13%) and gender gap in literacy is more than the national average (21.07 lakh girls so far.1 lakhs in 2005-06 and reduced to 11. around 39. and atleast 15-25 children of 6-14 years age group who are not going to school are available. 2007. an integral but distinct part of SSA. OBC & Minority communities in EBBs where the female rural literacy is below. In 2008-09 the KGBV is being expedited to another 316 rural blocks and 94 urban areas. An outlay of Rs. child labour.Under NPEGEL. Under NPEGEL. migrating children. 146240 EGS (primary) centres were functioning in the country as on 31 March 2007 in which 4022723 children have been enrolled. 37972 EGS centres have been upgraded into primary schools (Bihar – 15423 and st Rajasthan – 15303).70 lakh teachers have been given training on gender sensitisation. work books & uniforms etc.m.59%) Government of India has sanctioned 2180 KGBV till March. children living in difficult circumstances and older . 24.3 lakhs in 2007-08. stationery. The National average (46.44 crore was approved under NPEGEL for 2007-08.07 lakh girls.g. Q.9: Ans. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme was launched in 2004 for setting up residential schools at upper primary level for girls belonging to SC. out of which 1830 KGBVs are operational enrolling 1. gender sensitisation of teachers. During 2006-07.394 additional classrooms have been constructed. development of gender sensitive learning materials. ST.

This includes recruitment of 8.75 lakh teachers have received 3-5 days training on inclusive education. Sensitisation of teachers through specific training modules to the needs of CWSN. To bring such children back to school. special schools. Parental training and community mobilization.: What is being done under SSA for improvement in quality of elementary education? Under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. of which 23. itinerant teacher model. free distribution of textbooks for primary and upper primary classes to about 6. National Institutions and NGOs. Himachal Pradesh. wherever necessary.children in the 9+ age group especially older girls are being supported under AIE. The following activities are undertaken:• • • • • • • • Identification of children with special needs through surveys.46 lakh children with special needs have been provided with assistive devices. State Departments of Welfare. Assam.. Bridge courses & back to school camps can be residential or non-residential depending upon the need of children. distance education and learning. facilitating barrier free access. Removal of architectural barriers in schools and providing an enabling environment for CWSN. Kerala.36 lakh children with special needs (CWSN) have been identified. remedial teaching. Bihar. Special emphasis for girls with disabilities. Provision of aids and appliances to those requiring assistive devices. part time classes. These States are A.10: Ans. Convergence with activities of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Chhattisgarh. 5. Maharashtra. Q. 20 States are running learning enhancement programmes. in-service training of teachers for a period of 20 days every year.P. EGS/AIE centers and home based education. Under AIE. 26. 16. home based education.68 lakhs have been covered through enrolment in regular schools. Gujarat. 2809611 children have been covered during 2006-07. 8. ST & girl students. several activities have been undertaken to improve the quality of elementary education.11 Ans.72 lakh schools have been provided with ramps and handrails. It also supports a wide range of approaches. Jharkhand.81 lakh additional teachers to improve the pupil teacher ratio.P. Karnataka. This includes education through open learning system and open schools. non formal and alternative schooling. community based rehabilitations (CBR) and vocational education and cooperative programmes. Q.. back to school camp and bridge courses strategies have been implemented. Assessment of each identified child. . M. regular academic support to primary and upper primary schools through 6395 Block Resource Centres (BRCs) and 68352 Cluster Resource Centres (CRCs) and regular evaluation of students. options and strategies for education of children with special needs.69 crore SC.: What is SSA doing for children with disabilities? The thrust of SSA is on providing inclusive education to all children with special needs in regular schools.

Nagaland. U. the enrolments have increased significantly and the dropouts have decreased at the primary stage. West Bengal (13. content up gradation.12: Ans. Gross Enrolment Ratio has increased from 95.16 2004-05 1. At primary stage the increase in GER of girls has been more than 20 percentage points and decrease in dropouts has been more than 15 percentage points in case of girl child. @ Rs.: What is the status of out-of-school children in the country? As per survey conducted by SRI-IMRB covering period July-October 2005 there were 1. Tamil Nadu.49 200304 1. Orissa (5. Drop outs rates have decreased from 39% (2001-02) to 28.14: Ans. Gender Parity Index has improved from 0. 20 days in-service training to every teacher at the elementary level every year.76* * As per State Reports The highest number of out of school children are in Bihar (21. U.95 0. 60 days training to those teachers who do not have any pre-service professional training.70* 0.7(SES-2001-02) to108.P. West Bengal.13: Ans.49% and for girls it has dropped by almost 15% points.06 (In Crores) 2006-07 2007-08 0. 70/per teacher per day. Orissa. Chandigarh and Puducherry.5 lakhs).: What is the status of teacher training? The main objectives of teacher training under SSA are to: • • • Train teachers on curricular transaction. (7.34 crore out of school children in the country representing 6.: Consequent to the interventions made under SSA. Rajasthan. Q. 30 days induction training to teachers who are newly recruited under SSA.P.56 (SES-2004-05).15 Ans. Strengthen capability of BRCs/ CRCs for providing academic resource support to teachers Are there any improvements in enrolment and dropout rates at the primary stage after the launch of the SSA? Existing provision for teacher training under SSA: • • • Q. pedagogy and contextual issues related to Elementary Education Provide training to untrained/ newly recruited teachers on a continuous basis.92 (2005-06).37 lakhs).35 2005. States have set up local community based bodies to implement elementary education programmes over the last decade in the light of the 72/73rd Constitutional . Q. Uttarakhand.20 2002-03 2. This number has now comedown to 76 lakhs as per State Reports as detailed below:200102 3.85 lakhs).19 lakhs). Q. Abhiyan? What are the provision for community participation under Sarva Shiksha A number of steps have been taken in all States to decentralize powers to Village Education Committees/Panchayats/Urban local bodies through legislation or through Government orders.83(SES 2001-02) to 0.94% of total children in 6-13 age cohort.

School Development Management Committees (SDMCs). Under SSA. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan guidelines also stipulate that VEC and other local bodies in rural and urban areas be linked with Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) as centrality of Panchayats in monitoring and supervision of the programme is central to SSA. as through local community based bodies for all school funds for the programme flow related expenditures. They are known as Village Education Committees (VECs). The pattern of VECs also differs from state to state. The nomenclature for the community level structure varies from State to State. this process has been further reinforced. which in fact constitute more than 50% funds of SSA. HB/SB . Mother Teacher Councils (MTC).Amendments. or Parent Teacher Associations (PTAs) in different States. ….