Windows sysadmin interview questions 1. What is Active Directory schema? 2.

What are the domain functional level in Windows Server 2003? 3. What are the forest functional level in Windows Server 2003? 4. What is global catalog server? 5. How we can raise domain functional & forest functional level in Windows Server 2003? 6. Which is the deafult protocol used in directory services? 7. What is IPv6? 8. What is the default domain functional level in Windows Server 2003? 9. What are the physical & logical components of ADS 10. In which domain functional level, we can rename domain name? 11. What is multimaster replication? 12. What is a site? 13. Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler? 14. How we can create console, which contain schema? 15. What is trust? 16. What is the file that’s responsible for keep all Active Directory database? Categories: Windows, Networking

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Aneesh Said: March 29th, 2006 11:49 pm The Active Directory schema contains formal definitions of every object class that can be created in an Active Directory forest it also contains formal definitions of every attribute that can exist in an Active Directory object. Active Directory stores and retrieves information from a wide variety of applications and services. So that it can store and replicate data from a potentially infinite variety of sources, Active Directory standardizes how data is stored in the directory. By standardizing how data is stored, the directory service can retrieve, update, and replicate data while ensuring that the integrity of the data is maintained.

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kiran Said: May 15th, 2006 11:46 pm 1) Schema master is a set of rules which is used to define the struture of active directory. It contains definitions of all the objects which are stored in AD. It maintains information and detail information of objects.

2) If there are many organisational units and to implement policy on all OUś we use Domain level policy. 3) 4) Global Catalog Server maintains full information about its own domain and partial information about other domains. It is a forest wide role. 12) Sites: one or more well-connected highly reliable and fast TCP/IP subnets. A site allows administrator to configure active directory access and replication topology to take advantage of the physical network. 13) dcpromo to add/remove active directory but first ADC should be removed before DC if we want to remove DC first then check this server is last domain controller in domain. 16) I think the answer for this is schema master.
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Pinkesh Said: June 3rd, 2006 8:00 am Can you explain us briefly Archeitecture of Windows 2000/2003?

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Pinkesh Said: June 3rd, 2006 8:01 am What are main differences in Windows NT and Windows 2000 Archeitecture ?

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Muniraj Said: June 24th, 2006 2:41 am HI I was just googling for Interview FAQ’s i got this URL as first choice it is really dream come true situation for me because readily all possible question’s and answers are given. Please send me if u have any FAQ on Exchnage Related. Thanx and regards Muniraj

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shaik Said: June 29th, 2006 2:31 am HI I was just googling for Interview FAQ’s i got this URL as first choice it is really dream come true situation for me because readily all possible question’s and answers are given. Please send me if u have any FAQ on Exchnage Related. Thanx and regards shaik

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SUVENDU Said: August 15th, 2006 11:08 pm

4.What is global catalog server? A global catalog server is a domain controller it is a master searchable database that contains information about every object in every domain in a forest. The global catalog contains a complete replica of all objects in Active Directory for its host domain, and contains a partial replica of all objects in Active Directory for every other domain in the forest. It have two important functions: i)Provides group membership information during logon and authentication ii)Helps users locate resources in Active Directory
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SUVENDU Said: August 15th, 2006 11:08 pm 4.What is global catalog server? A global catalog server is a domain controller it is a master searchable database that contains information about every object in every domain in a forest. The global catalog contains a complete replica of all objects in Active Directory for its host domain, and contains a partial replica of all objects in Active Directory for every other domain in the forest. It have two important functions: i)Provides group membership information during

logon and authentication ii)Helps users locate resources in Active Directory
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SUVENDU Said: August 15th, 2006 11:11 pm 13 Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler? ANS ” DCPROMO ” in command prompt

10. SUVENDU

Said: August 15th, 2006 11:29 pm 10. In which domain functional level, we can rename domain name? All domain controllers must be running Windows Server 2003, and the Active Directory functional level must be at the Windows Server 2003. Yes u can rename the domain in windows server 2003

11. irfan

Said: September 1st, 2006 1:19 am User(s) are complaining of delays when using the network. What would you do?

12. shaik

Said: September 3rd, 2006 12:24 pm hi

15.NTDS.DIT 14. we have to open the register to see the schema master fsmo role regser 32 schmamgmt. 9.Physical computers,sites,dc Logical user,o.us, etc…. 6.Light wait directory Access Protocal (ldap) 5. What ever changes done in D.c(domain Controlers) will effect at A.D we can call it as multimaster .
13. Kumar

Ken Said: September 13th, 2006 3:53 pm Hi 15. To allow users in one domain to access resources in another, AD uses trust. Trust is automatically produced when domains are created. The forest sets the default boundaries of trust, not the domain, and implicit trust is automatic. As well as two-way transitive trust, AD trusts can be shortcut (joins two domains in different trees, transitive, one- or twoway), forest (transitive, one- or two-way), realm (transitive or nontransitive, one- or two-way), or external (nontransitive, one- or two-way) in order to connect to other forests or non-AD domains. AD uses the Kerberos V5 protocol, although NTLM is also supported and web clients use SSL/TLS. 11.Multi-master replication is a method of replication employed by databases to transfer data or changes to data across multiple computers within a group. Multi-

Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a network layer IP standard used by electronic devices to exchange data across a packet-switched internetwork. Naresh Nimmagadda Said: October 13th. 2006 9:06 am ip v6 it ia a 128 bit size address here we can see total 8 ocatates each octate size is 16 bits superated with “:” it is in hexa decimal formate these 3 types . 2006 3:26 am Please check this link :) this will help you h**p://technet2.microsoft. Sarith Said: September 22nd.master replication can be contrasted with a masterslave method (also known as single-master replication). It follows IPv4 as the second version of the Internet Protocol to be formally adopted for general use. 7. 14.com/WindowsServer/en/libr ary/b3674c9b-fab9-4c1e-a8f67871264712711033.mspx?mfr=true 16. 2006 3:00 am What are the domain functional level in Windows Server 2003? 15. hongsinh Said: September 19th.

.anycast address loopback address of ip v6 is ::1 17. Renga Raju Said: December 13th.logging mode: Polls existing policies and the reports the result of the query. Srikanth Said: December 8th.multicast address 3. 2006 5:00 am What is mean by dns. we can rename domain name? The System Properties dialog box can also be used to rename a domain controller.? what is maen different between hub and switch ? what is meam by brodcast id? what is mean by loop back id? what is mean by schema ? what is mean by master searchable directory 18. 19.unicast address 2.What is Rsop ? Resultant set of policy is provid to make policy modification and trouble shooting easier. Rsop is the query object it has two mode 1. 2006 11:43 pm 1. In which domain functional level. and it does not require the functional level to be raised to Windows Server 2003.1.dhcp. Ramanand Said: November 27th. 2006 6:08 am 10.

What is the ntds. 11. 3. It is also known as single-master replication. Non-authoriative restore: which accept the entries from other domain controller after the restoed data.What is the concept for authoritative and nonauthoritative restoration? 1. niraj Said: December 14th. 2006 5:28 am 13 Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler? ANS i think ” DCPROMO ” in command prompt . Multimaster replication can be contrasted with a masterslave method.What is multimaster replication? Ans. 2007 6:54 am What is Multimaster replication? .tit file default size? 40 mb 20. Sachin Said: February 19th.2.Planning mode: The questins ask about the planned policy and the report the result of the quer. 21. Multi-master replication is a method of replication employed by databases to transfer data or changes to data across multiple computers within a group.Authoritative: Not accept the entries from other domain controller. 2. 2.

This replication is said to be multimaster replication. 3. Unnikrishnan Said: February 24th. 2007 7:08 am . In standard dns server only the primary server can modify the zone and then replicate the changes to other domain controllers(It was in windows NT4 before). But when Dns gets integrated with AD . 2.This integrates Dns with active directory in order to take advantage of active directory features The benefits are 1 zone can be modified from any domain controller within the domain and this information is automatically updated or replicated to all the other domain controllers along with the active directory replication.Fault tolerance 4. 22.Zone can be modified and replicated from any domain controller.In addition to storing primary zone information in Dns we can also store it in active directory as active directory object.Security You can prevent access to any updates to zone or individual record preventing insecure dynamic updates.We no longer face the standard dns server drawbacks.

Unnikrishnan Said: February 24th. DFS Namespaces was formerly known as Distributed File System in Windows 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003. Technology that helps administrators group shared folders located on different servers and present them to users as a virtual tree of folders known as a namespace. 2007 7:10 am 11 What is multimaster replication? The two technologies in DFS are as follows: DFS Replication. 2007 2:39 pm hi 1)What is system boot process in windows and linux. bandwidth throttling.13 Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler? ANS : DCPROMO 23. DFS Replication supports replication scheduling. multimaster replication engine that is optimized for WAN environments. 24. New state-based. pavan Said: February 28th. DFS Namespaces. and a new byte-level compression algorithm known as remote differential compression (RDC). .

2007 11:16 am for removing active directory the command line is dcpromo /forceremoval 28. Sanjay Patel Said: March 30th. 2007 1:24 pm Removing Active Directory: 1.dit 27. jagjit singh Said: March 26th. William Wood Said: March 13th.2)how the hardware interact with OS. 2007 3:56 pm 8. 2007 4:59 am 16. 3)what is paging. If we want to remove Active Directory then we will use command…… DCPROMO 2. NTDS. If some one deleted parent domain and we want to . Thanks 25. The default domain functional level in Windows Server 2003 is “Windows 2000 Mixed” 10. We can rename domain name in “Windows Server 2003″ functional level 26. Salman MW Said: March 7th.

254). 29. DNS devide in form of hierarchical.255. If that client not able to find DHCP server then client machine will go for APIPA(We have range for APIPA which is 169. 3.0.DNS mainly used in Internet.1-169. Data can be sent in both directions simultaneously.remove from child domain then we will use command… DCPROMO /FORCEREMOVAL Note: . we should start from bottom means child domain and after that it’s parent and so on. 2007 1:53 pm 1.254. DHCP(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol): ——————————————— DHCP use for provide IP address dnamically to client machine. Maximum bandwidth is 100 Mhz and that bandwidth is shared by all of the PC’s connected to the hub. Sanjay Patel Said: March 30th.254. the maximum . DNS(Domain Name Service): —————————It’s mainly used to resolve from host name(FQDNFully Qualified Domain Name) to IP address and IP address to host name. If more then one user try to send packet at a time collision will occure but in switch we can send. HUB and SWITCH: —————— Switch is expencive than hub. 2.we should not remove parent domain first. Switch is full duplex.

2007 12:50 pm 1. Sanjay Patel Said: March 31st. 30. and there are no other PC’s with which the bandwidth must be shared. In hub Maximum bandwidth is 100 Mhz and that bandwidth is shared by all of the PC’s connected to the hub.What is dynamic routing and Static routing? 32. In switch data can be sent in both directions simultaneously. 2007 2:11 pm Hi. HUB and SWITCH: —————— Switch is expencive than hub. 100 Mbps each way.What is differnece between router and routing? 2. Switch is full duplex. 31. and there are no other PC’s with which the bandwidth must be shared. 1. the maximum available bandwidth is 200 Mbps. If more then one user try to send packet at a time collision will occure but in switch we can send. Zahed Said: March 30th. Sanjay Patel Said: March 30th. 2007 1:55 pm 3. Difference between Router and Routing: ——————————————Router: ——— .available bandwidth is 200 Mbps. 100 Mbps each way.

2. even if there are several networks to traverse. You can combine some objects in the schema to create more-complex definitions if objects of greater complexity are required. A device or setup that finds the best route between any two networks. Routing: ———Process of delivering a message across one or more networks via the most appropriate path. remote sites can be connected using routers over dedicated or switched lines to create WANs.Router is a device which is used to connect different network. Static routing allows routing tables in specific routers to be set up in a static manner so network routes for packets are set. william wood Said: April 9th. Dynamic routing allows routing tables in routers to change as the possible routes change. You can also add new . Dynamic Routing and Static Routing: —————————————Dynamic routing performs the same function as static routing except it is more robust. If a router on the route goes down the destination may become unreachable. There are several protocols used to support dynamic routing including RIP and OSPF 33. 2007 5:32 am The schema is the component of the Active Directory directory service that defines all the objects and attributes that the directory service uses to store data. Like bridges.

2007 1:45 pm Hi.definitions to the schema to support new types of objects in the directory. 2007 11:12 am The schema is the component of the Active Directory directory service that defines all the objects and attributes that the directory service uses to store data. Thnaks warm Regards. You can also add new definitions to the schema to support new types of objects in the directory. Zahed. What are all the process will done when we start server tell me briefly which file work for which process. Static routing allows . Zahed Said: April 18th. 35. 34. i want to know to total process to migrate from Windows NT server to Windows 2000 server. omraj Said: April 30th. 36. 2007 11:13 am Dynamic routing performs the same function as static routing except it is more robust. You can combine some objects in the schema to create more-complex definitions if objects of greater complexity are required. om Said: April 30th.

and 2003 domain controllers are supported. Under this domain functional level. If a router on the route goes down the destination may become unreachable. Windows NT. vijay Said: May 25th. There are several protocols used to support dynamic routing including RIP and OSPF 37. However. Windows 2000 Native Upgrading the functional level of a domain to Windows 2000 Native should only be done if there are no Windows NT domain controllers remaining on the . and so on are not available. 2007 7:22 am The four domain functional levels are: Windows 2000 Mixed Windows 2000 Native Windows Server 2003 Interim Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Mixed When you configure a new Windows Server 2003 domain. certain features such as group nesting. 2000.routing tables in specific routers to be set up in a static manner so network routes for packets are set. the default domain functional level is Windows 2000 mixed. universal groups. Dynamic routing allows routing tables in routers to change as the possible routes change.

This domain functional level only provides support for Windows Server 2003 domain controllers. like Windows 2000 Mixed. Windows Server 2003 The last functional level is Windows Server 2003. If you want to take advantage of all the features included with Windows Server 2003. you must implement this functional level. it does not provide new features. However. SIDHistory. By upgrading to Windows 2000 Native functional level. universal groups. Windows Server 2003 Interim The third functional level is Windows Server 2003 Interim and it is often used when upgrading from Windows NT to Windows Server 2003. Upgrading to this domain functional level provides support for Windows NT and Windows Server 2003 domain controllers. One of the most important features introduced at this functional level is the ability to rename domain controllers 38. and the ability to convert security groups and distribution groups. Halkood Said: July 29th. Annveer N.network. 2007 10:58 pm what are the types of name resolution? . additional features become available including: group nesting.

You need to run the registry file for schema in cmd mode :regsvr32. 2007 7:48 pm 1. 2.win .the domain functional level in Windows Server 2003 Domain fuctional level support only the windows domain controllers not client level o/s.how name resolution will take place? what are the Groups? what is DHCP Relay agent? 39.Eg user is an object and its having alot attributes such as first name . Schema Administrator only can access and edit the schema..schema master is having the ability to update the changes in the Active directory schema. They are four: windows 2000 mixed(by default) supports.Active Directory schema is collection of object class and attributes.win nt. Thyagu Said: September 18th.last name etc… It present in only one domain in a forest. you cannot see the AD schema when you installed AD (dcpromo).there you can.dll schmmgmt Then you can see the Add -snap in wizard in mmc console .

supports-win 2003 only 4.Global Catalog It is a searchable database Enginee.win2003. .win 2003 Windows 2003 . Thyagu Said: September 19th.win 2000 .win 2003 Windows 2003 .supports.supports ->win NT.supports.going out now… i wll cont…later 40. Port no:3268. Sorry guys .supports-win 2003 only 3.win 2000 .win 2003 Windows 2003 interim.It is used to search the objects in a forest. Windows 2000 native.win nt.3269 It is also taking part of AD replication.forest functional level in Windows Server 2003 There are three windows 2000 mixed supports.win2003.2000. Windows 2000 native.How we can raise domain functional & forest functional level in Windows Server 2003? AD users and computers–>domain functional level>choose DFL as per your environment.Universal Group caching membership is available for speedy logon across domain.In 2003 . AD Domain and Trust–>Forest functional level– >choose FFL as would your environment.win 2000. 2007 5:04 pm 5.

What are the physical & logical components of ADS Physical->sites.tree.domain.cannot be revert. 11.ou 10.multi-master replication Whenever a change occurs to any object within an Active Directory domain. Note:Not recommended to rename the domain by Microsoft itself. Multi-master replication does not happen instantly across all servers simultaneously. This process is called multi-master replication.you can rename the domain.In which domain functional level.You need to follow up the proper procedure to prevent the further issue. that change is replicated automatically to all domain controllers within the domain.Renaming is simple. we can rename domain name Windows 2003 dfl.Already answered 9. 6.Note:once you have change the DFL and FFL. 8.but forecast issue is lot. it is a controlled process where each domain controller .domain controller Logical ->Forest. Rather.the deafult protocol used in directory services? LDAP.

12. 16 NTDS.domain.Site: Site is one or more IP subnets. 41.between forest. You can combine some objects in the schema to create more-complex definitions if objects of greater complexity are required.It contains connection objects and computer objects and mainly used for AD replication. I have answered almost question.Trust is relationship.peer is updated and validated in a logically controlled procedure.please let me if my answer is wrong. 13. 15. 2007 7:12 am The schema is the component of the Active Directory directory service that defines all the objects and attributes that the directory service uses to store data. PREM Said: September 26th. the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler 14.dit is the file that’s responsible for keep all Active Directory database.Already answered. .Dcpromo. You can also add new definitions to the schema to support new types of objects in the directory.

44. 2007 9:24 am Hi.. 2007 4:55 am Hi. What are the enhancements in Terminal server which comes with Win2k8 ? . How 1 can implement IP verison 6 using Windows Server 2008? 4. Explain NAP in Windows Server 2008 3. Can anyone give me the answer of the mention Questions: 1.Security.42.Exchange Advance. MAK Said: October 10th. Suppose i have deleted any object from Ad but after 2-3 days i want back that object.Members of )Without any 3rd party software. 2. Raj Narayan Said: November 22nd.Specially Tabs Like (General. 2007 3:01 pm What is a default forest functionl level when you install the root domain controller ? 43. Windows server 2008 is actual which version of Windows server ? 2.What is the process to restore the deleted Ad object. Raj Narayan Said: October 23rd.How to Export the Ad data in Excel.Account. Can you pleas answer my query 1.

How easy it is to combine Windows Server 2008 os with physical networking & security appliances? 8. Which version of IIS comes with Windows server 2008? 6. Raj Narayan . What is the new feature included in Windows Server 2008 which can lock entire hard disk drive? 7. What is MCP member site and whats advantage of it ? 10. What are the certifications available for Windows 2008 track? 9.5. What is TechNet subscription and what indivisual get by subscribing to TechNet? Regards.

7.1.254. but below the network layer. CHAP. © IP selection and (d) acknowledgement. We’ve installed a new Windows-based DHCP server.254. What happened? The 169. MS-CHAP and EAP. 6. How can you force the client to give up the dhcp lease if you have access to the client PC? ipconfig /release What authentication options do Windows 2000 Servers have for remote clients? PAP. 2. (b) IP offer. It’s a four-step process consisting of (a) IP request. 3. What is data link layer in the OSI reference model responsible for? Data link layer is located above the physical layer. . Describe how the DHCP lease is obtained. AppleTalk (Apple). NetBEUI. SPAP. The server must be authorized first with the Active Directory.*. 4. The name for the technology is APIPA (Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing). What are the networking protocol options for the Windows clients if for some reason you do not want to use TCP/IP? NWLink (Novell).*. however. I can’t seem to access the Internet. 5. don’t have any access to the corporate network and on ipconfig my address is 169. the users do not seem to be getting DHCP leases off of it.*.* netmask is assigned to Windows machines running 98/2000/XP if the DHCP server is not available.

13. What is LMHOSTS file? It’s a file stored on a host machine that is used to resolve NetBIOS to specific IP addresses. the data was modified or corrupted. Categories: Windows. How do cryptography-based keys ensure the validity of data transferred across the network? Each IP packet is assigned a checksum. Should we deploy IPSEC-based security or certificate-based security? They are really two different technologies. while the physical layer is reponsible for retrieving and sending raw data bits. IPSec secures the TCP/IP communication and protects the integrity of the packets. 12. The network layer will be responsible for addressing the frames. 10. so if the checksums do not match on both receiving and transmitting ends. The most frequently used protocols should be at the top.Taking raw data bits and packaging them into frames. 9. 11. the reverse lookup is address-to-name. 8. What is binding order? The order by which the network protocols are used for client-server communications. How can you recover a file encrypted using EFS? Use the domain recovery agent. Certificate-based security ensures the validity of authenticated clients and servers. What’s the difference between forward lookup and reverse lookup in DNS? Forward lookup is name-toaddress. Networking .

when all the subnet starting at one time . Thanks and regards vadivel Arunachalam 2.i mean for every subnets.but .but .| Network engineer/architect interview questions Interview questions for network engineer | 6 Responses to “Windows admin interview questions” 1. 2006 12:56 pm Hi Question:I have 8 different and 8 difernet DHCP scope for every network .when all the subnet starting at one time . Vadivel Arunachalam Said: February 5th.i want to make the 2nd subnet work withthe high prority. 2006 5:22 am Hi Question:I have 8 different and 8 difernet DHCP scope for every network .i mean the 2nd sunet should get teh IP addressfrom the DHCP server first?How is it possible? .i want to make the 2nd subnet work withthe high prority.i mean the 2nd sunet should get teh IP addressfrom the DHCP server first?How is it possible? please mail me bak.i mean for every subnets. Murali Krishnan Said: October 11th.

there are 2 dhcp servers both are running . When the printer is switched on Which DHCP server will it get the ip from . 2007 1:01 am what is diffrence between normal IDE disk and RAID disk ? . Thanks and regards 3.please mail me bak. shankar k Said: October 6th. 2006 3:46 am Hi Question:I have 8 different and 8 difernet DHCP scope for every network .i want to make the 2nd subnet work withthe high prority.i mean the 2nd sunet should get teh IP addressfrom the DHCP server first?How is it possible? please mail me bak. Can it be configured to always use one specific DHCP server 5. Jacob Said: August 18th.i mean for every subnets.when all the subnet starting at one time .but . Subramanyam Said: November 7th. Thanks and regards Subramanyam 4. 2007 12:06 am I have a printer (dhcp enabled) .

What is the default domain functional level in Windows Server 2003? 9. 2007 3:56 am Hi. What is IPv6? 8. What is multimaster replication? 12. Which is the deafult protocol used in directory services? 7. In which domain functional level. What are the domain functional level in Windows Server 2003? 3. we can rename domain name? 11. What are the forest functional level in Windows Server 2003? 4. How we can raise domain functional & forest functional level in Windows Server 2003? 6.6. How i can configured and troubleshoot DHCP server for mulipltle network and large domain environment Windows sysadmin interview questions 1. What are the physical & logical components of ADS 10. What is global catalog server? 5. Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler? . What is a site? 13. Nixon Said: October 8th. What is Active Directory schema? 2.

2006 11:46 pm . the directory service can retrieve.Active Directory stores and retrieves information from a wide variety of applications and services. Active Directory standardizes how data is stored in the directory. 2006 11:49 pm The Active Directory schema contains formal definitions of every object class that can be created in an Active Directory forest it also contains formal definitions of every attribute that can exist in an Active Directory object. So that it can store and replicate data from a potentially infinite variety of sources. kiran Said: May 15th. What is the file that’s responsible for keep all Active Directory database? Categories: Windows. update.14. 2. Networking | SQA and testing frequently asked definitions Oracle on Linux/Unix questions | 44 Responses to “Windows sysadmin interview questions” 1. Aneesh Said: March 29th. and replicate data while ensuring that the integrity of the data is maintained. How we can create console. What is trust? 16. By standardizing how data is stored. which contain schema? 15.

1) Schema master is a set of rules which is used to define the struture of active directory. It is a forest wide role. 16) I think the answer for this is schema master. 2006 8:00 am Can you explain us briefly Archeitecture of Windows 2000/2003? . 3) 4) Global Catalog Server maintains full information about its own domain and partial information about other domains. A site allows administrator to configure active directory access and replication topology to take advantage of the physical network. Pinkesh Said: June 3rd. 3. 13) dcpromo to add/remove active directory but first ADC should be removed before DC if we want to remove DC first then check this server is last domain controller in domain. 2) If there are many organisational units and to implement policy on all OUś we use Domain level policy. 12) Sites: one or more well-connected highly reliable and fast TCP/IP subnets. It maintains information and detail information of objects. It contains definitions of all the objects which are stored in AD.

Thanx and regards . Muniraj Said: June 24th. 2006 2:41 am HI I was just googling for Interview FAQ’s i got this URL as first choice it is really dream come true situation for me because readily all possible question’s and answers are given. Please send me if u have any FAQ on Exchnage Related. Pinkesh Said: June 3rd. 2006 8:01 am What are main differences in Windows NT and Windows 2000 Archeitecture ? 5.4. Thanx and regards Muniraj 6. 2006 2:31 am HI I was just googling for Interview FAQ’s i got this URL as first choice it is really dream come true situation for me because readily all possible question’s and answers are given. Please send me if u have any FAQ on Exchnage Related. shaik Said: June 29th.

What is global catalog server? A global catalog server is a domain controller it is a master searchable database that contains information about every object in every domain in a forest. 2006 11:08 pm 4. The global catalog contains a complete replica of all objects in Active Directory for its host domain. The global catalog contains a complete replica of all objects in Active Directory for its host domain. SUVENDU Said: August 15th.shaik 7. It have two important functions: i)Provides group membership information during logon and authentication ii)Helps users locate resources in Active Directory 8. and contains a partial replica . SUVENDU Said: August 15th.What is global catalog server? A global catalog server is a domain controller it is a master searchable database that contains information about every object in every domain in a forest. and contains a partial replica of all objects in Active Directory for every other domain in the forest. 2006 11:08 pm 4.

In which domain functional level. It have two important functions: i)Provides group membership information during logon and authentication ii)Helps users locate resources in Active Directory 9. irfan Said: September 1st. 2006 11:29 pm 10. and the Active Directory functional level must be at the Windows Server 2003. SUVENDU Said: August 15th. Yes u can rename the domain in windows server 2003 11.of all objects in Active Directory for every other domain in the forest. 2006 1:19 am User(s) are complaining of delays when using the network. 2006 11:11 pm 13 Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler? ANS ” DCPROMO ” in command prompt 10. we can rename domain name? All domain controllers must be running Windows Server 2003. What would you do? 12. 2006 12:24 pm . shaik Said: September 3rd. SUVENDU Said: August 15th.

c(domain Controlers) will effect at A.hi 15. As well as two-way transitive trust. AD uses the Kerberos V5 protocol. Kumar Ken Said: September 13th. etc….or two-way).or two-way) in order to connect to other forests or non-AD domains.us. one. although NTLM is also supported and web clients use SSL/TLS.dc Logical user. not the domain. What ever changes done in D.NTDS. we have to open the register to see the schema master fsmo role regser 32 schmamgmt. one. AD trusts can be shortcut (joins two domains in different trees. one.Light wait directory Access Protocal (ldap) 5. Trust is automatically produced when domains are created. one. 9. transitive. 13. and implicit trust is automatic.D we can call it as multimaster . realm (transitive or nontransitive.Physical computers. 2006 3:53 pm Hi 15. .o. To allow users in one domain to access resources in another.or two-way).or twoway). The forest sets the default boundaries of trust. or external (nontransitive. 6.DIT 14.sites. AD uses trust. forest (transitive.

hongsinh Said: September 19th. It follows IPv4 as the second version of the Internet Protocol to be formally adopted for general use. 2006 3:26 am Please check this link :) this will help you h**p://technet2. Multimaster replication can be contrasted with a masterslave method (also known as single-master replication).com/WindowsServer/en/libr ary/b3674c9b-fab9-4c1e-a8f67871264712711033. 2006 9:06 am ip v6 it ia a 128 bit size address here we can see total 8 ocatates each octate size is 16 .Multi-master replication is a method of replication employed by databases to transfer data or changes to data across multiple computers within a group.11. 7.mspx?mfr=true 16. Naresh Nimmagadda Said: October 13th.microsoft. 2006 3:00 am What are the domain functional level in Windows Server 2003? 15.Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a network layer IP standard used by electronic devices to exchange data across a packet-switched internetwork. Sarith Said: September 22nd. 14.

dhcp.? what is maen different between hub and switch ? what is meam by brodcast id? what is mean by loop back id? what is mean by schema ? what is mean by master searchable directory 18. 2006 5:00 am What is mean by dns.What is Rsop ? Resultant set of policy is provid to make policy . we can rename domain name? The System Properties dialog box can also be used to rename a domain controller. 2006 11:43 pm 1. Srikanth Said: December 8th. 2006 6:08 am 10.bits superated with “:” it is in hexa decimal formate these 3 types 1.anycast address loopback address of ip v6 is ::1 17. Renga Raju Said: December 13th. Ramanand Said: November 27th. 19. and it does not require the functional level to be raised to Windows Server 2003. In which domain functional level.unicast address 2.multicast address 3.

2.What is the concept for authoritative and nonauthoritative restoration? 1. 11.Authoritative: Not accept the entries from other domain controller.What is multimaster replication? Ans. 3.modification and trouble shooting easier. 2007 6:54 am .Planning mode: The questins ask about the planned policy and the report the result of the quer. 2. Multimaster replication can be contrasted with a masterslave method.logging mode: Polls existing policies and the reports the result of the query. niraj Said: December 14th. 2. It is also known as single-master replication.What is the ntds. Sachin Said: February 19th. Non-authoriative restore: which accept the entries from other domain controller after the restoed data. 2006 5:28 am 13 Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler? ANS i think ” DCPROMO ” in command prompt .tit file default size? 40 mb 20. Rsop is the query object it has two mode 1. 21. Multi-master replication is a method of replication employed by databases to transfer data or changes to data across multiple computers within a group.

Security You can prevent access to any updates to zone or individual record preventing insecure dynamic updates. In standard dns server only the primary server can modify the zone and then replicate the changes to other domain controllers(It was in windows NT4 before).Fault tolerance 4.Zone can be modified and replicated from any domain controller. . 2.We no longer face the standard dns server drawbacks. But when Dns gets integrated with AD .This replication is said to be multimaster replication.This integrates Dns with active directory in order to take advantage of active directory features The benefits are 1 zone can be modified from any domain controller within the domain and this information is automatically updated or replicated to all the other domain controllers along with the active directory replication.What is Multimaster replication? In addition to storing primary zone information in Dns we can also store it in active directory as active directory object. 3.

2007 2:39 pm . pavan Said: February 28th. Technology that helps administrators group shared folders located on different servers and present them to users as a virtual tree of folders known as a namespace. 2007 7:08 am 13 Which is the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler? ANS : DCPROMO 23. DFS Namespaces was formerly known as Distributed File System in Windows 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003. 2007 7:10 am 11 What is multimaster replication? The two technologies in DFS are as follows: DFS Replication. DFS Namespaces. bandwidth throttling. multimaster replication engine that is optimized for WAN environments. Unnikrishnan Said: February 24th.22. DFS Replication supports replication scheduling. 24. Unnikrishnan Said: February 24th. and a new byte-level compression algorithm known as remote differential compression (RDC). New state-based.

The default domain functional level in Windows Server 2003 is “Windows 2000 Mixed” 10.hi 1)What is system boot process in windows and linux. Sanjay Patel Said: March 30th. William Wood Said: March 13th. NTDS. We can rename domain name in “Windows Server 2003″ functional level 26. Salman MW Said: March 7th.dit 27. 2007 4:59 am 16. 2007 1:24 pm Removing Active Directory: 1. 2007 11:16 am for removing active directory the command line is dcpromo /forceremoval 28. If we want to remove Active Directory then we will use command…… . jagjit singh Said: March 26th. 3)what is paging. Thanks 25. 2007 3:56 pm 8. 2)how the hardware interact with OS.

1-169. If some one deleted parent domain and we want to remove from child domain then we will use command… DCPROMO /FORCEREMOVAL Note: . HUB and SWITCH: —————— Switch is expencive than hub.we should not remove parent domain first.254.DNS mainly used in Internet. DNS devide in form of hierarchical. 3. we should start from bottom means child domain and after that it’s parent and so on.DCPROMO 2. Sanjay Patel Said: March 30th. 29. If more then one user try to send packet at a time collision will occure but in switch we can send. Maximum bandwidth is 100 Mhz and that bandwidth is shared by . Switch is full duplex. 2007 1:53 pm 1. DNS(Domain Name Service): —————————It’s mainly used to resolve from host name(FQDNFully Qualified Domain Name) to IP address and IP address to host name.255. DHCP(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol): ——————————————— DHCP use for provide IP address dnamically to client machine. 2.0.254.254). If that client not able to find DHCP server then client machine will go for APIPA(We have range for APIPA which is 169.

Zahed Said: March 30th. the maximum available bandwidth is 200 Mbps. 2007 12:50 pm 1. and there are no other PC’s with which the bandwidth must be shared. In switch data can be sent in both directions simultaneously.What is dynamic routing and Static routing? 32. 2007 2:11 pm Hi. Difference between Router and Routing: ——————————————- . Sanjay Patel Said: March 31st. the maximum available bandwidth is 200 Mbps. 30. 100 Mbps each way. 100 Mbps each way. Data can be sent in both directions simultaneously.all of the PC’s connected to the hub.What is differnece between router and routing? 2. In hub Maximum bandwidth is 100 Mhz and that bandwidth is shared by all of the PC’s connected to the hub. HUB and SWITCH: —————— Switch is expencive than hub. If more then one user try to send packet at a time collision will occure but in switch we can send. and there are no other PC’s with which the bandwidth must be shared. Switch is full duplex. Sanjay Patel Said: March 30th. 31. 1. 2007 1:55 pm 3.

even if there are several networks to traverse. Static routing allows routing tables in specific routers to be set up in a static manner so network routes for packets are set. Routing: ———Process of delivering a message across one or more networks via the most appropriate path. A device or setup that finds the best route between any two networks.Router: ——— Router is a device which is used to connect different network. There are several protocols used to support dynamic routing including RIP and OSPF 33. You can combine some objects in the schema to create . 2. If a router on the route goes down the destination may become unreachable. william wood Said: April 9th. Dynamic routing allows routing tables in routers to change as the possible routes change. remote sites can be connected using routers over dedicated or switched lines to create WANs. Dynamic Routing and Static Routing: —————————————Dynamic routing performs the same function as static routing except it is more robust. Like bridges. 2007 5:32 am The schema is the component of the Active Directory directory service that defines all the objects and attributes that the directory service uses to store data.

34. Zahed Said: April 18th. 35. Zahed. You can combine some objects in the schema to create more-complex definitions if objects of greater complexity are required. omraj Said: April 30th. 2007 1:45 pm Hi. 2007 11:12 am The schema is the component of the Active Directory directory service that defines all the objects and attributes that the directory service uses to store data. om Said: April 30th. What are all the process will done when we start server tell me briefly which file work for which process. You can also add new definitions to the schema to support new types of objects in the directory. i want to know to total process to migrate from Windows NT server to Windows 2000 server.more-complex definitions if objects of greater complexity are required. You can also add new definitions to the schema to support new types of objects in the directory. Thnaks warm Regards. 2007 11:13 am . 36.

Windows 2000 Native Upgrading the functional level of a domain to .Dynamic routing performs the same function as static routing except it is more robust. and so on are not available. Under this domain functional level. There are several protocols used to support dynamic routing including RIP and OSPF 37. Dynamic routing allows routing tables in routers to change as the possible routes change. universal groups. certain features such as group nesting. Windows NT. and 2003 domain controllers are supported. Static routing allows routing tables in specific routers to be set up in a static manner so network routes for packets are set. However. 2000. 2007 7:22 am The four domain functional levels are: Windows 2000 Mixed Windows 2000 Native Windows Server 2003 Interim Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 Mixed When you configure a new Windows Server 2003 domain. If a router on the route goes down the destination may become unreachable. the default domain functional level is Windows 2000 mixed. vijay Said: May 25th.

SIDHistory.Windows 2000 Native should only be done if there are no Windows NT domain controllers remaining on the network. like Windows 2000 Mixed. If you want to take advantage of all the features included with Windows Server 2003. and the ability to convert security groups and distribution groups. Upgrading to this domain functional level provides support for Windows NT and Windows Server 2003 domain controllers. Windows Server 2003 Interim The third functional level is Windows Server 2003 Interim and it is often used when upgrading from Windows NT to Windows Server 2003. Annveer N. Windows Server 2003 The last functional level is Windows Server 2003. universal groups. This domain functional level only provides support for Windows Server 2003 domain controllers. By upgrading to Windows 2000 Native functional level. you must implement this functional level. 2007 10:58 pm . Halkood Said: July 29th. additional features become available including: group nesting. One of the most important features introduced at this functional level is the ability to rename domain controllers 38. it does not provide new features. However.

last name etc… It present in only one domain in a forest. . you cannot see the AD schema when you installed AD (dcpromo).what are the types of name resolution? how name resolution will take place? what are the Groups? what is DHCP Relay agent? 39.schema master is having the ability to update the changes in the Active directory schema. Schema Administrator only can access and edit the schema.dll schmmgmt Then you can see the Add -snap in wizard in mmc console . 2.there you can.. 2007 7:48 pm 1. Thyagu Said: September 18th.Active Directory schema is collection of object class and attributes.Eg user is an object and its having alot attributes such as first name .the domain functional level in Windows Server 2003 Domain fuctional level support only the windows domain controllers not client level o/s. You need to run the registry file for schema in cmd mode :regsvr32.

Windows 2000 native.win 2003 Windows 2003 interim.They are four: windows 2000 mixed(by default) supports.win2003.forest functional level in Windows Server 2003 There are three windows 2000 mixed supports.supports ->win NT. Port no:3268.supports-win 2003 only 3.win 2003 Windows 2003 .going out now… i wll cont…later 40. Thyagu Said: September 19th.Global Catalog It is a searchable database Enginee. 2007 5:04 pm 5.In 2003 .win 2000.3269 It is also taking part of AD replication.win nt. Sorry guys .win 2003 Windows 2003 .win2003.win 2000 .win nt. Windows 2000 native.Universal Group caching membership is available for speedy logon across domain.win 2000 .supports.How we can raise domain functional & forest functional level in Windows Server 2003? AD users and computers–>domain functional level>choose DFL as per your environment.supports.It is used to search the objects in a forest.win 2000. .supports-win 2003 only 4.

AD Domain and Trust–>Forest functional level– >choose FFL as would your environment. 6.you can rename the domain.What are the physical & logical components of ADS Physical->sites. Note:once you have change the DFL and FFL. Multi-master replication does not happen . Note:Not recommended to rename the domain by Microsoft itself.Renaming is simple. that change is replicated automatically to all domain controllers within the domain. This process is called multi-master replication.In which domain functional level. we can rename domain name Windows 2003 dfl.tree.domain.the deafult protocol used in directory services? LDAP.cannot be revert.domain controller Logical ->Forest.multi-master replication Whenever a change occurs to any object within an Active Directory domain. 8.but forecast issue is lot. 11.ou 10.You need to follow up the proper procedure to prevent the further issue.Already answered 9.

Already answered. 2007 7:12 am The schema is the component of the Active Directory directory service that defines all the objects and attributes that the directory service uses to store data.instantly across all servers simultaneously. it is a controlled process where each domain controller peer is updated and validated in a logically controlled procedure. 13. 12.Dcpromo.Trust is relationship.please let me if my answer is wrong. PREM Said: September 26th. the command used to remove active directory from a domain controler 14.between forest. I have answered almost question. You can combine some objects in the schema to create more-complex definitions if objects of greater complexity are required. Rather.domain. 16 NTDS.It contains connection objects and computer objects and mainly used for AD replication.Site: Site is one or more IP subnets. 15. 41. You can also add new .dit is the file that’s responsible for keep all Active Directory database.

44. 2007 4:55 am Hi. Windows server 2008 is actual which version of Windows server ? 2. 42.Security. 2.Account. Explain NAP in Windows Server 2008 3. Can you pleas answer my query 1.Members of )Without any 3rd party software. Suppose i have deleted any object from Ad but after 2-3 days i want back that object. Can anyone give me the answer of the mention Questions: 1. Raj Narayan Said: November 22nd. Raj Narayan Said: October 23rd. 2007 3:01 pm What is a default forest functionl level when you install the root domain controller ? 43. MAK Said: October 10th.Specially Tabs Like (General.What is the process to restore the deleted Ad object. 2007 9:24 am Hi.How to Export the Ad data in Excel.Exchange Advance..definitions to the schema to support new types of objects in the directory. How 1 can implement IP verison 6 using Windows .

What are the certifications available for Windows 2008 track? 9. What are the enhancements in Terminal server which comes with Win2k8 ? 5. Raj Narayan TechInterviews. Which version of IIS comes with Windows server 2008? 6. What is the new feature included in Windows Server 2008 which can lock entire hard disk drive? 7.com .Server 2008? 4. How easy it is to combine Windows Server 2008 os with physical networking & security appliances? 8.Interview questions for tech companies OS interview questions 1. What is MCP member site and whats advantage of it ? 10. What is MUTEX ? . What is TechNet subscription and what indivisual get by subscribing to TechNet? Regards.

10. Explain Scheduling. 7. Windows. 14. What is Semaphore? 13. What is Marshalling? 16. 2005 4:12 am .Loading and Linking ? Categories: Unix/Linux. 5. General | Typical interview questions Network engineer interview questions | 32 Responses to “OS interview questions” 1. 8. What isthe difference between a ‘thread’ and a ‘process’? 3. What are your solution strategies for “Dining Philosophers Problem” ? 9. Segmentation.2. Macintosh(HPFS). Explain Memory Partitioning. 12. Difference . What is Concurrency? Expain with example Deadlock and Starvation. 11. Explain the following file systems : NTFS. How does Windows NT supports Multitasking? 6. What is INODE? 4. What are the different process states? 15. FAT . Explain the working of Virtual Memory. Define and explain COM? 17. Nikesh Gupta Said: October 18th. Explain the Unix Kernel. Paging. What is Marshalling? 18. Operating System Security.

and system resources. 2005 4:18 am Q2. What is mutex? Ans: . so each application has at least one process. applications were all designed to run on a single thread of execution. data. A thread is code that is to be serially executed within a process. After this stage. When a program is started a mutex is created woth a unique name. it continues until it is killed or until it is interrupted by a thread with higher priority (by a user action or the kernel’s thread . 2. What isthe difference between a ‘thread’ and a ‘process’? Ans. A process can have multiple threads in addition to the primary thread. and a process always has at least one thread of execution. any thread that needs the resource must lock the mutex from other threads while it is using the resource.Mutex is a program object that allows multiple program threads to share the same resource. known as the primary thread. Nikesh Gupta Said: October 18th. but not simultaneously. not processes. such as file access. When a thread begins to execute. the mutex is set to unlock when the data is no longer needed or the routine is finished.Q1. Prior to the introduction of multiple threads of execution. A processor executes threads. A process is a collection of virtual memory space. code.

Each thread in a process shares that process’s global variables and resources. or multiple threads can execute the same section of code. 2005 8:05 pm Q12: What is Semaphore? Ans: Locking Mechanism used inside resource mangers and resourse dispensers. Naveen Said: November 7th.scheduler). Each thread can run separate sections of code. Naveen Said: November 7th. 5. 6. Naveen Said: November 7th. daniel Said: October 25th. 2005 6:37 am What isthe difference between ‘convenient’ and ‘efficient’? 4. 2005 8:10 pm 15Q: What is Marshalling? Ans: The process of packaging and sending interface method parameters across thread or process boundaries. COM has two aspects . 3. Threads executing the same block of code maintain separate stacks. 2005 8:26 pm Q16:Define and Explain COM? Ans: COM is a specification(Standards).

Suppose we need to convert a character into an upper case. only if the .WAIT 4.TERMINATE 8.a: COM specifications provide a definition for what object is b: COM provides services or blue prints for creation of object and comminication between client and server.A process may be in anyone of the following states 1. COM is loaded when the first object of the component is created. 2006 8:36 am #14. 7. Macros etc without caring for efficiency.RUNNING 5. 2006 1:09 am Answer to Question: What isthe difference between ‘convenient’ and ‘efficient’? Answer: Convenient programming is the way of programming using the available resources like Library APIs.NEW 2. Shrinidhi Karanth Said: March 4th. Let me explain this with an example.READY 3. elumalai Said: January 27th.

for which I will be greatful to you. An efficient way to this is as follows if( ‘a’ 9. Involves the use of ctype. the overhead with this is as follows 1. A convinient way of achieving this is as follows if( isalpha(ch) ) { ch = toupper(ch). Takes high MIPS (million instructions per second) since it involves function calls.h library and 2. kindly send me. 10. Thanking you.character is an alphabet in lower case. } However. manas Said: March 12th. Jane Ping Said: April 7th. 2006 11:33 pm hi I need all the details on UNIX operating system interview questions. 2006 4:38 pm Can someone share some inforamation about Unix interview preparision? like what kind of books which website is better? .

2006 8:09 pm Other questions for UNIX / Linux Admin at major internet company: What port is SSH? What port is DNS? Is it UDP or TCP? What does it mean to “setuid”? 12.execute permissions).Each file has an i-node & is identified by an inode number(i-number) in the file system where it resides. CC Said: August 27th.write.acess mode(read.11. 2006 6:52 am Answer to Question 3 Data structures that contain information about the files that are created when unix file systems are created. vimalan. Gautam.What is gobel variable in c? . 13.m Said: November 3rd. 1.how to interface 8051 microcontroller with 2 mb ram? 4. 2006 8:26 am hi.What is the main differents b/w vx-works and liunux os? 2.N.inode provides important information on files such as group ownership.Pai Said: October 12th. I need ans 4 all these question.

What is the main differents b/w vx-works and liunux os? Ans) Vx-works is real time operation system LINUX is general OS . #14. if the process “TERMINATE” it even exists 15.14.RUNNING 5. pablo Costa Said: November 11th.WAIT 4.TERMINATE # –> TERMINATE is not a state. Mamtha Said: November 13th.A process may be in anyone of the following states 1. 2006 7:29 pm What is the difference between a MUTEX and a binary semaphore? 16.NEW 2. also can be confugured for RTOS . 2006 2:24 am # elumalai said.READY 3. Satyanarayana Said: December 21st. 2006 9:21 am 1.

in VxWorks all the task have same scheduling but in linux it can different. i. nice. Static global variables scope is limited to file. bg. main difference is as : 1. 2007 10:37 pm can you explain how process are managed on WindowsTMXP/UNIX Hint: WindowsTMXP (ctrl+alt+del). 18. 17. kill. afenz Said: January 22nd. 2007 11:28 pm . If change the sceduling of one process from A to B then the others task have no effect in linux but in VxWorks all task’s scheduling change to B. fg) 19.What is gobel variable in c? Ans) Any variable declared out side the function is global variable. Ratheesh Said: February 18th. In Vxworks you can access any memory location(should be exist). but in linux you can access only the segment which have allocated for that process.4. Raj Said: January 14th. UNIX (ps. 2007 2:54 pm VxWorks is embedded OS while Linux OS is gereric OS.e.

then other threads/processes will either spin or block on the mutex. 21. In order for an object to be moved around a network. . A mutex is owned by a thread/process. Whereas. 20.marshelling. When the data is transmitted. Data pieces are collected in a message buffer before they are marshaled. This conversion is known as data marshalling. The process of gathering data and transforming it into a standard format before it is transmitted over a network so that the data can transcend network boundaries. snark Said: February 28th. semaphore allows one or more threads/processes to share the resource. the receiving computer converts the marshaled data back into an object. 2007 11:33 pm hi mamtha. So once a thread locks it. it must be converted into a data stream that corresponds with the packet structure of the network transfer protocol. 2007 1:57 am difference between linking and loading: Linking: Resolving unresolved references to code. Ratheesh Said: February 18th. Loading: Actually loading program to memory (allocating addresses to segments).

The semaphore object is useful in controlling a shared resource that can support a limited number of users. Prasad Talekar Said: March 23rd. The count is decremented each time a thread completes a wait for the semaphore object and incremented each time a thread releases the semaphore. Prasad Talekar Said: March 23rd. each thread waits for ownership of a mutex object before executing the code that accesses the memory. . and non-signaled when it is owned. to prevent two threads from writing to shared memory at the same time. 23. no more threads can successfully wait for the semaphore object state to become signaled. and non-signaled when its count is zero. It acts as a gate that limits the number of threads sharing the resource to a specified maximum number.22. After writing to the shared memory. For example.A mutex object is a synchronization object whose state is set to signaled when it is not owned by any thread. 2007 4:43 am What is semaphore? Ans:. The state of a semaphore is set to signaled when its count is greater than zero. When the count reaches zero. 2007 4:42 am What is Mutex Object? Ans:. the thread releases the mutex object.A semaphore object is a synchronization object that maintains a count between zero and a specified maximum value.

so making others to wait for access. only one person can interview a candidate. N resources access say for example 4 toilets are there. it’s FREE… 25. each has a common key for the toliets available. after his completion one more person will come & interview the same candidate.e. 2007 6:49 am I have came through an Example explaining Mutex and Semaphore Mutex: 1. he gives the key to the other 2. What is Mutex and Semaphore.once done. 2007 2:18 am Mutex : Mutex is the synchronized object used to achive serialized resource access i. Serial access one toilet is available with a Key for it. Mutex is semaphore of value 1 Semaphores: 1.. one by one to single resource.??? Said: May 8th. .at the start semaphore value set to 4(4 toilets are free).24. once any user gets in .one guy will have the key and will use the toilet. once done he will increment saying it . Dex Said: April 2nd.. eg : In an interview. semaphore decrements the value.

one by one to the N number of resource. 2007 3:49 am Waht is the difference b/w shared memory & message queues ? I know few differences. 2.once data read from message queue. since it doesn’t involve any system call as it is done in user space. eg : In an interview.and permission level. 3. 2007 3:55 am What is INODE? ans:It contains information about UNIX file system. one person is interview 2 or more candidates sewuentially.Semaphore: Semaphore is the synchronized object used to achive serialized resource access i.Can anyone tell me few more? 1.it can be found using the command ls-l 27. sheethal Gunjal Said: June 24th.Shared memory is fastest IPC mechanism.e. sheikhsikkandar Said: June 7th.inode number (i-number) is reside over the files. the data is gone . after his completion one more person will come & interview the same candidates.System call overhead in case of message queue.ie when the file can be created and also gives the owership of the file. 26.

For an ordinary binary semaphore. it attempts to take a semaphore. For a mutex semaphore. The first task receives notification that the semaphore is available and proceeds. Krishna Pradeep Said: June 26th. 2007 12:37 pm The difference between an ordinary binary semaphore and a mutex semaphore is in the way the semaphore is initialized. If unavailable.A binary semaphore has different types like counting semaphore. and . 28.in case os message queue whereas in shared memory.Let me put in this way a mutex is a semaphore with count as 1 that means synchronization is achived to process/thread for the resource in one by one manner 29. a task wishing to block other tasks from a resouce first creates a full semaphore. A second task which controls the synchronization event gives the semaphore when it is no longer needed. Krishna Pradeep Said: June 25th. tha data will be there. When it reaches the point to be synchronized. 2007 4:20 pm What is the difference between a MUTEX and a binary semaphore? Ans: A binary Semaphore and mutex are one and the same. it waits at this point.binary semaphore. a task attempting to synchronize to an external event creates an empty semaphore.

2007 10:29 am mutex and binary semaphore are not the same. A mutual exclusion semaphore must have matching “takes” and “gives”.then takes the semaphore. . When a binary semaphore is locked. bibek4u Said: October 9th. 32. 31. When a mutex is locked by a thread. making the resource available. the other thread can release it and then lock it again. 2007 10:18 am @mamtha ques what is the diff between a mutex and a binary semaphore? Ans : Mutex and binary semaphore(semaphore with value 1) are exactly one and the same thing. When it is no longer needed. it the task gives the semaphore. sarthak jain Said: July 20th. making it unavailable to other tasks. This means that the semaphore can be taken more than once by the task that holds it before finally being released. the same thread has to release it. dinesh Said: August 12th. it cannot be released by other thread. 2007 9:05 am Mutual-exclusion semaphores can be taken recursively. 30.

echo $SHELL What’s the command to find out today’s date? date .com .Interview questions for tech companies Basic shell scripting questions 1. How do you find out what’s your shell? . 2.TechInterviews.

$2 and so on.who 4. How do you remove a .kill 0 18.$1.com‘ 9.whoami 8.com -s ‘Your subject’ -c ‘cc@techinterviews.ps 15.What’s the command to find out users on the system? . . How do you search for a string in a directory with the subdirectories recursed? . How do you find out your own username? . How do you stop a process? . How do you search for a string inside a given file? grep string filename 11.rm 6.pwd 5. 3. How do you stop all the processes.kill pid 16. How do you send a mail message to somebody? mail somebody@techinterviews. A PID can vary from 0 to 65535./process-name & 19.They are process IDs given to processes. How do you remove a file? . How do you find out the current directory you’re in? . How do you search for a string inside a directory? grep string * 12. $0 is your script name. lines and characters in a file? .grep -r string * 13. How do you count words. How do you refer to the arguments passed to a shell script? . How do you find out about all running processes? ps -ag 17. except the shell window? . What are PIDs? . How do you fire a process in the background? .wc 10. How do you list currently running process? .rm -rf 7. 14.

How do you test for file properties in shell scripts? . How do you read keyboard input in shell scripts? read {variable-name} 30.20. 24. -w filename tests for writeability. and not a file. How do you write a for loop in shell? .. -ge 22.if {condition} then … fi 21. -le. -a tests for logical and. How does a case statement look in shell scripts? case {variable} in {possible-value-1}) {statement}. -x filename tests for executability 23. How do you do number comparison in shell scripts? .-s filename tells you if the file is not empty. and not a directory. -r filename tests for readability.while {condition} do {statement} done 28. What’s a way to do multilevel if-else’s in shell scripting? . {possible-value-2}) {statement}. esac 29. -gt. How do you write a while loop in shell? .-eq. -f filename tells you whether the argument is a file. What’s the conditional statement in shell scripting? . How do you do Boolean logic operators in shell scripting? . and -o tests for logical or.for {variable name} in {list} do {statement} done 27. How do you find out the number of arguments passed to the shell script? .$# 25.if {condition} then {statement} elif {condition} {statement} fi 26. -ne.! tests for logical not. -d filename tests if the argument is a directory. How do you define a function in a shell script? function-name() { #some code here return } . -lt..

and the variable $option contains the value of the entered option. 2007 5:37 pm How do u find the process ID for all services?? pgrep eg:pgrep mysql 3. Eswara moorthy Said: August 10th. How does getopts command work? . Inside the script. teacher Said: August 17th. 2007 11:22 pm 12)How do you search for a string in a directory with the subdirectories recursed? if not linux use the below command find / |xargs grep “string” 2. Rajkumar Said: July 31st. 2007 1:18 pm . Categories: Unix/Linux | MySQL management interview questions 71 basic SQA / testing interview questions | 4 Responses to “Basic shell scripting questions” 1.The parameters to your script can be passed as -n 15 -x 20. you can iterate through the getopts array as while getopts n:x option.31.

2. 3) The syntax above would work for Bourne shell but many would not work for the “C” shell “csh”. 9. TechInterviews. 2) Syntax for the scripting is based on the shell.1) There are many shell scripting languages based on the shell being used. 4.Interview questions for tech companies Interview questions for network engineer 1. Shiv Said: October 26th. Describe TCP/IP and its protocols. What is a VLAN? What is an ELAN? What is the difference? 5. What is the difference between a repeater. 4. Describe an Ethernet switch and where it fits into the OSI model.com . netmask. 3./ -exec grep “string” {} \. broadcast address)? 7. Explain how to configure a host network interface (e. header. Relate FDDI/ATM/SONET to the OSI model. IP address. Describe the OSI model.g. 2007 12:41 pm find . . router? Relate this to the OSI model. 8. 6. bridge. Describe Ethernet packet contents: min/max size. Describe ATM and what are its current advantages and disadvantages.

16. How do you distinguish a DNS problem from a network problem? 17. Describe the principle of multi-layer switching. 15. VRRP etc. 11. 2004 4:47 am Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model is a reference model developed by ISO (International Organization for Standardization) in 1984. Describe the Bandwidth Delay problem. as a conceptual framework of standards for communication . Anonymous Said: October 14th. Describe SONET. Describe the purpose and basic functionality of things like HSRP. Describe what a runt. What are the maximum distances for CAT5 cabling? 12. Categories: Networking | Windows admin interview questions QA engineer interview questions | 13 Responses to “Interview questions for network engineer” 1. Describe UDP and TCP and the differences between the two. 18. 19. and a late collision are and what causes each of them.10. 13. a giant. Describe what a broadcast storm is. What is your current IP address? Hoiw do you find that out on different OSs? 14.

session 6.application In all the above layers differnt works are performed according to the work divided among these layers. 2004 8:19 am #9 ATM is the short form for Asynchonous Transfer Mode. Currently ATM is used in places where we require high speed data transfer. It is now considered the primary architectural model for inter-computing and internetworking communications. 1. The packet size of the ATM packet is fixed and is 53 bytes. 2.Datalink 3.network 4. Advantages ********** .in the network across different equipment and applications by different vendors.transport 5. Communication process has been divided into 7 layers.physical 2. The ATM is a technology of sending and recieving the packets and so it requires carriers such as SONET/SDH etc.presentation 7. Ganesh Vasudevan Said: October 29th.

They simply listen to all network traffic on one port and send it back out through one or more ports. The packet size small and constant so the latency is too small so that it can support real time data transfer. End to end is not ATM and so we still require ATM adapters and other equipments.1. 2. Disadvantages. So the header size to the actual data send is less and so overhead is too much. each one operates within a specific layer of the OSI model. The ATM supports Quality of Service (QOS). extending smaller networks into a larger. A repeater simply receives frames. bridges. single network. 2005 4:55 am #2 Repeaters. Regards Ganesh Vasudevan 3. ************* 1. As the packet size is fixed switching can be implemented in Hardware and so it is very fast. and routers are devices used to link individual LANs together to form larger internetworks. The packet size is too small and if u take the additional header that is attached then it will be huge. Hala Widaa Salim Said: June 29th. Repeaters operate at the Physical Layer of the OSI model. . 2. 3.

they do not need any addressing data from the frame. forming a larger individual network. the routing table contains MAC addresses. On a bridge. and passes them along. except a bridge looks to see whether data it receives is destined for the same segment or another connected segment. it looks in its routing table to see whether or not the data is destined for a node on the local network. All those erroneous broadcasts are forwarded faithfully by the repeater! Bridges operate at the Data Link Layer. They function similarly to a repeater. This can be especially problematic if one segment malfunctions and begins a broadcast storm. If that data is going to a computer on another segment. Repeaters do not even look at the frames they are forwarding. They use the Data Link Layer and its physical addressing to join several networks into a single network efficiently. It performs no processing of the frames or the data they contain. Relation to OSI Layer Functions Because repeaters operate at the Physical Layer. Bridges join two or more network segments together. it . If the data is destined for a computer on the same segment. passing along even damaged frames. Each time the bridge receives data. the bridge does not pass it along. the bridge sends it along.regenerates them. If it belongs to the local network. Bridges use a routing table to determine whether data is destined for the local network or not.

Routers operate at the Network Layer. just like a repeater. Relation to OSI Layer Functions Bridges work with the MAC sublayer of the Data Link Layer. The MAC address is used by bridges to determine first if the destination is local or not. If it is not destined for the local network. then to choose which connected network it must go to. and sends the data out onto that network. However. it looks in the routing table to determine which physical network the destination address resides on. Remember that the Data Link Layer is concerned with communicating on the local network only. They use the addressing information provided at the network level to join the many networks together to form an internetwork. you cannot use a bridge.does not forward the data. you must use a router. Bridges can not join dissimilar networks. Bridges use information from the MAC sublayer to make decisions on whether a packet is destined for the same network or another network. Functions . often with multiple paths between them. If you have an Ethernet network and a Token Ring network. a bridge can join networks that use the same frame type but different media. Router: The Network Layer is concerned with network addressing for larger networks that consist of many physical networks.

Routers divide larger networks into logically designed networks. The Network Layer provides addressing for internetworks. and routers use this addressing information to determine how to pass along packets of data. Because they process so much information. 4. Relation to OSI Layer Functions Routers operate at the Network Layer of the OSI model. While two bridges can connect two networks. rendering it unusable. This behavior eventually saturates the network. Bridges cannot evaluate possible paths to the destination to determine the best route. routers tend to be slower than bridges.PCM & equipments based on these technology will be helpfull for telelcom people. The drawback to a router’s inherent intelligence is their speed. they risk sending packets in an endless loop between the two networks. Because routers operate at the Network Layer. Bridges also cannot use redundant paths. This can result in inefficient use of network resources. 2005 3:25 am Qustions on Tecnologies like SDH. 5.DWDM. Routers may seem a lot like bridges. Jay Said: May 23rd. 2006 12:00 am .CDMA. they can link different physical network topologies. Karan Said: July 22nd. but they are much smarter.

which is use to communicate data(packet)between to host and destination PCs.#12 Difference between UDP and TCP. Raja Said: January 20th. TCP(Transmission control protocol) IP (Internet Protocol) Tcp/IP work on OSI Model. 8. because it contains the main factor UDP does not have. and Its port is 80. C.it used for security purpose and group departments.VENKATAKRISHNA Said: January 9th. Raja Said: January 20th. 2007 6:28 am Vlan is virtual lan it used to put some interface in one broadcast domain and some interfaces in another. which is flow/error control. 2007 5:27 am TCP/IP is a set of Protocol. used for streaming video and audio files on the net.D. TCP is slower. based on the mac address the vlan is configured in the switch ports 7. Error correction allows data to be effectively received 6. TCP is used by most users on the net because data transferred needs to be verified. 2007 5:39 am . UDP is much faster.

it base on Layer 3 of OSI Model. Bridge: it is also a network device which is use to connect multiple Pc in the network. 1 10. it is use in small or LANs Network. and . 2007 12:05 am VLAN — Virtual Local Area Network ELAN — Emulated Local Area Network Difference between these two are as follows:An ELAN is a type of VLAN over an ATM network. 9. However.Router connect multiple Network or wireless network between two office.it is connect pc through HUB. Ashish Said: February 6th. 2007 2:37 am state in which a message that has been broadcast across a network results in even more responses. It work on Layer 2 or 3(some times)of OSI Model. it is defined at the MAC layer while VLANs may be defined by a MAC layer or by a IP address. pankaj Said: January 24th. including by protocols.Repeater is a network device which is use to regenerate packet(data) out of 100m distance of server. Router: Router is electronic machine and network device which is work as gateway.

the hosts on the LAN are able to continue forwarding packets to a consistent IP and MAC address.each response results in still more responses in a snowball effect. several routers are connected to the same segment of an Ethernet. resulting in a network meltdown. FDDI or token-ring network and work together to present the appearance of a single virtual router on the LAN. 11. therefore in the event of failure of one router. 2007 2:41 am HSRP: Hot Standby Routing Protocol. A VRRP router is configured to run the VRRP protocol in conjunction . Broadcast storms can usually be prevented by carefully configuring a network to block illegal broadcast messages. VRRP : Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol. allowing several routers on a multiaccess link to utilize the same virtual IP address. The process of transferring the routing responsibilities from one device to another is transparent to the user. a proprietary protocol from Cisco. HSRP is a routing protocol that provides backup to a router in the event of failure. an election protocol that dynamically assigns responsibility for one or more virtual router(s) to the VRRP router(s) on a LAN. The routers share the same IP and MAC addresses. A severe broadcast storm can block all other network traffic. Ashish Said: February 6th. Using HSRP.

2007 2:47 am Multilayer switching Multilayer switching is simply the combination of traditional Layer 2 switching with Layer 3 routing in a single product. 12. The term multilayer switch seems to be the best and most widely used description of this class of product that performs both Layer 3 routing and Layer 2 switching functions. switching router.with one or more other routers attached to a LAN. analysts. and at lower cost than traditional software-based routers built around general-purpose CPUs. Multilayer switching is new. Layer 2 router. In a VRRP setup. and wirespeed router. routing switch. . which allow real-time switching and forwarding with wirespeed performance. and editors don’t agree about the specific meaning of terms such as multilayer switch. Ashish Said: February 6th. Layer 3 switch. one router is elected as the master router with the other routers acting as backups in case of the failure of the master router. IP switch. Multilayer switching is usually implemented through a fast hardware such as a higher-density ASICs (Application-Specific Integrated Circuits). Vendors. and there is no industry standard yet on nomenclature.

Using advanced ASICs to perform Layer 3 routing in hardware. It is often referred to as packet-by-packet Layer 3 switching. route calculation and frame forwarding are handled very differently here. Following packets belonging to the same flow are switched at Layer 2 along the same route. Wirespeed Routing . Products referred to as IP switches and tag switches generally fall into this category. ATM-based cut-through routing offers several advantages such as improved support of LAN emulation and multi-vendor support in the form of the Multiprotocol Over ATM (MPOA) standard. Layer 3 Learning Bridging CIn this architecture. Then it redirects traffic away from the routers and switches it based on its Layer 2 addresses. Instead.Wirespeed architecture routes every packet individually.This is a variation of generic cut-through routing which is based on ATM cells rather than frames. In other words. ATM-Based Cut-Through Routing .The following are some basic architecture approaches for the multiplayer switches: Generic Cut-Through Routing: In the multi-layer switching architecture Layer 3 routing calculations are done on the first packet in a data flow. routing is not provided. it . it uses IP “snooping” techniques to learn the MAC/IP address relationships of endstations from true routers that must exist elsewhere in the network.

No ACK is required for the data sent to the network. Babuji P Said: July 11th. It provides error recovery & detection under Layer 4 of OSI model. the application like TFTP prefers using UDP for its transport layer communication. Also. UDP is a User Datagram Protocol. VLAN segregation. Its a connectionless protocol. . the TCP works in reliable network which offers secured communication and no loss of data. Also. and multiple priority levels to assist in quality of service.implements dynamic routing protocols such as OSPF and RIP. 2007 1:04 pm Q#12 . it supports IP multicast routing. used in a faster network. 13.TCP is a connection oriented protocol which works on ACK based communication. In addition to basic IP routing.

A.Interview questions for tech companies Interview questions for a sysadmin Siddharth sent in questions he got for sysadmin interview: 1. 2007 5:53 am Q-2 VLAN VLAN stand for Virtual Local Area Netwok. What is VLAN? 3.com .TechInterviews. I VLAN We break the Whole Netwok into small Segment Which helps us Controlling Broadcost Domain and Providing Authentication for Different segment by appying ACL’s. Windows and Linux interoperability how to? 8.I MALIK Said: January 18th. Difference between layer 2 and layer 3 devices? 2. Are you familiar with automounter? 5. Have your configured a NFS server? 7. General | Business Objects interview question 11 advanced MySQL questions | 3 Responses to “Interview questions for a sysadmin” 1. What is RAID 1? Categories: Unix/Linux. Have you configured an NIS server/client? 6. Also it helps by providing ease of . What is the subnet for a class C network? 4.

Nitesh Bhat Said: September 18th. Broadcasts are not forwarded between vlan’s. /home *(rw. About Port Information: system connected to port is called access ports switch to switch port is called trunk port. Problems can be identified more easily 2. 2007 11:50 pm Here are the steps to configure the NFS server in this scenario: 1. 2007 9:05 am Vlan : Vlan defines logical grouping of computers in a lan. sankaranarayanan Said: February 1st. Defines to process of one subset of a switch interface as one broad cast domain.Management the Network. Vlan is used to reduce the broadcast packets.set of ports can be assigned to every logical group. 3. and each port can be created as Individual vlan. Edit the /etc/exports file to allow NFS mounts of the /home directory with read/write access.sync) .

[root@bigboy tmp]# chkconfig nfslock on [root@bigboy tmp]# chkconfig nfs on [root@bigboy tmp]# chkconfig portmap on [root@bigboy tmp]# service portmap start Starting portmapper: [ OK ] [root@bigboy tmp]# service nfslock start Starting NFS statd: [ OK ] [root@bigboy tmp]# service nfs start Starting NFS services: [ OK ] Starting NFS quotas: [ OK ] Starting NFS daemon: [ OK ] Starting NFS mountd: [ OK ] [root@bigboy tmp]# After configuring the NIS server. nfslock. we have to configure its clients. and make /home available to the network with the exportfs command. This will be covered next. and portmap daemons are both running and configured to start after the next reboot. . Let NFS read the /etc/exports file for the new entry. [root@bigboy tmp]# exportfs -a [root@bigboy tmp]# 3. Make sure the required nfs.2. Configuring The NFS Client You also need to configure the NFS clients to mount their /home directories on the NFS server.

restore it to the NFS server. nfslock. Keep a copy of the old /home directory. As this is a lab environment. Make sure the required netfs. these prerequisites aren’t necessary. backup the data.save [root@smallfry tmp]# mkdir /home [root@smallfry tmp]# ll / … … drwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11 Nov 16 20:22 home . [root@smallfry tmp]# mv /home /home. In a production environment in which the /home directory would be actively used. and create a new directory /home on which you’ll mount the NFS server’s directory. [root@smallfry tmp]# chkconfig nfslock on [root@smallfry tmp]# chkconfig netfs on [root@smallfry tmp]# chkconfig portmap on [root@smallfry tmp]# service portmap start Starting portmapper: [ OK ] [root@smallfry tmp]# service netfs start Mounting other filesystems: [ OK ] [root@smallfry tmp]# service nfslock start Starting NFS statd: [ OK ] [root@smallfry tmp]# 2.These steps archive the /home directory. and portmap daemons are running and configured to start after the next reboot. 1. and then follow the steps below. you’d have to force the users to log off.

home for mounting information whenever the /home directory is accessed. Unmount it once everything looks correct. If the line is too long to view on your screen. Start configuring autofs automounting.tc . #/etc/auto.nosuid.soft.rsize=8192.168.master file to refer to file /etc/auto.save … … [root@smallfry tmp]# 3.wsize=8192.home to do the NFS mount whenever the /home directory is accessed. [root@smallfry tmp]# mount 192. autofs unmounts the directory.home –timeout 600 5. Make sure you can mount bigboy’s /home directory on the new /home directory you just created. you can add a \ character at the end to continue on the next line.home * -fstype=nfs. After five minutes.100:/home /home/ [root@smallfry tmp]# ls /home ftpinstall nisuser quotauser smallfry www [root@smallfry tmp]# umount /home [root@smallfry tmp]# 4. Edit file /etc/auto.intr. Edit your /etc/auto.drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Jan 24 2003 home.master /home /etc/auto. #/etc/auto.1.

p\ 192. for details. when in reality they are automatically mounted and accessed over your network. This scheme will make the users feel their home directories are local. which disables this user from having privileged access to directories on remote NFS servers. Start autofs and make sure it starts after the next reboot with the chkconfig command. See Chapter 29. you won’t be able to see the contents of the /home directory on bigboy as user root. This is because by default NFS activates the root squash feature.168.1.100:/home:& 6. . All newly added Linux users will now be assigned a home directory under the new remote /home directory. [root@smallfry tmp]# chkconfig autofs on [root@smallfry tmp]# service autofs restart Stopping automount:[ OK ] Starting automount:[ OK ] [root@smallfry tmp]# After doing this. “Remote Disk Access with NFS”. Note: This automounter feature doesn’t appear to function correctly in my preliminary testing of Fedora Core 3. You’ll be able to test this later after NIS is configured.

often the router of the network.0 x.0.LDAP is a set of protocol used for providing access to information directories. 2.0. What is LDAP used for? . How do you set a default route on an IOS Cisco router? .ip route 0.x. .0.x.x.x represents the destination address] What is the difference between a domain local group and a global group? .Domain local groups grant permissions to objects within the domain in which the reside. 4.x.0. 3.Interview questions for tech companies Networking questions 1.The exit-point from one network and entry-way into another network. Global groups contain grant permissions tree or forest wide for any objects within the Active Directory.com . What is a default gateway? .x [where x.0 0.TechInterviews.

jo'jp'j'kl Said: August 17th.. How does HSRP work? What is the significance of the IP address 255.The limited broadcast address is utilized when an IP node must perform a one-toeveryone delivery on the local network but the network ID is unknown. It is Updated version of BootP… 2. 2006 5:43 am What is DHCP. Ethereal in Linux. 7. What tool have you used to create and analyze packet captures? . jo'jp'j'kl Said: August 17th.Network Monitor in Win2K / Win2K3.5.255. 2006 5:44 am .255. ans…. 6.255? .. DHCP is a protocol which is designe for Automatic Give the IP Address to DHCP client. OptiView Series II (by Fluke Networks). DHCP Assine the IP Address for few days Lease & capture the clients MAC address. Categories: Networking | SAP ABAP frequent questions cheatsheet Apache interview questions | 21 Responses to “Networking questions” 1.

4 SGs x 5 DBs. 2006 1:46 pm what are all the different type if recordings available in winrunner/ 8. rose Said: September 8th. 3.Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol 4. sendhilkumar Said: August 22nd. 2006 9:55 am What is full form of DHCP.20 databases. 2006 12:51 am . 2006 1:42 pm which type of applications is sutable for winrunner? 5. rose Said: September 8th. 2006 1:42 pm what is test plan? 6. rose Said: September 8th. rose Said: September 8th. 2006 1:45 pm what are the all types of applications winrunner can use? 7.What is the maximum amount of databases that can be hosted on Exchange 2003 Enterprise? . gowtham Said: November 1st.

2006 3:23 am why didnt give subnet mask in routing…. ex: router(config)#router rip router(confin-if)#network 10. defauld gateway.messanger in ISA server? .how to find port numbers. 2006 4:40 am 1> How to secure the DHCP SERVER from the hackers? 2> How to block yahoo. Said: November 7th. which is generally used to assign the IP address. 2006 11:47 pm to put it in the most simplest form “DHCP” stands ofr Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. chris Said: November 29th. G. and subnet mask dynamically. A. syed ahmed Said: December 20th. Raghavendra. 2006 4:13 am why are we confusing real networking with windows networking? 12.0.0 10. 11.0. what is ldap 9. kannan Said: November 4th.

What tool have you used to create and analyze packet captures? A. Mark Moscoso Said: January 26th. 2007 1:59 am What is Real Application Clusters (RAC)? How do design RAC? 17. 2007 5:31 am Q. I had a better capture of packets when I used the same brand of switch and network card operating at 10Mbps. Sam Said: April 23rd. R. I used WinPCAP and Ethereal to analyze packet captures.In Windows. Some brands of hardware ( hub/switch/LAN card ) are good in capturing packets.venkatesh Said: May 11th. 14. 2007 1:57 am How to create partition in an oracle table? 15. 2007 1:58 am How to do replication in oracle? 16. Sam Said: April 23rd. 2007 5:12 am What is HSRP? . Sam Said: April 23rd.13.

pl tel me abt ccnp and ccie. One industry standard is the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP).these two which is better to study also future job? 2. another Cisco proprietary solution.ANS : HSRP is a Cisco proprietary protocol for redundancy. kannan Said: June 29th. there are other available industry protocols supported by Cisco.. a backup router takes over the routing functions of the primary one. 1. So. 2007 9:53 am hi all. It provides nearly 100 percent router availability and redundancy. 2007 1:37 am . if one router goes down. which one take to study? 19. Guru Said: August 16th. Another HSRP alternative is the Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP). sudhir kumar NACS institute mrt Said: September 3rd. However. 2007 12:14 am What is RIP? Ans:Routing Information Protocol 20. 18.

Are you familiar with the term snooping? 3. 2007 5:15 am what is difference between routed protocol and routing protocol . Ramanand Said: November 20th.RIP=rip is the true distance vector routing protocol that sends its own routing information out to all interfaces. Describe a finite state machine that will detect three consecutive coin tosses (of one coin) that results in heads. 21. . Are you familiar with the term MESI? 2.Interview questions for tech companies Hardware architecture interview questions 1.com . TechInterviews.

What is the difference between = and == in C? 16. Are you familiar with VHDL and/or Verilog? Categories: Hardware. Explain the operation considering a two processor computer system with a cache for each processor. What are the total number of lines written in C/C++? What is the most complicated/valuable program written in C/C++? 11. Have you studied pipelining? List the 5 stages of a 5 stage pipeline. At the input device there is either overshoot. what can be done to correct this problem? 6.4. Assuming 1 clock per stage. what is the purpose of a processor cache and describe its operation? 7. Have you studied busses? What types? 13. In what cases do you need to double clock a signal before presenting it to a synchronous state machine? 5. 10. What are the main issues associated with multiprocessor caches and how might you solve it? 9. What compiler was used? 12. How many bit combinations are there in a byte? 15. what is the latency of an instruction in a 5 stage machine? What is the throughput of this machine ? 14. For a single computer processor computer system. You have a driver that drives a long signal & connects to an input device. undershoot or signal threshold violations. Explain the difference between write through and write back cache. C++ | Tricky C questions Topics for a Unix sysadmin interview | . 8.

2. Verilog is another hardware discription language but more powerful than VHDL.: VHDL stands for Very high speed integrated circuit Hardware Discription Language. vijay Said: June 17th. 16. 2006 2:34 am for question no 15: “=” it assigns the value( of right side variable) to the left side. VHDL has limilation of designing digital circuits only.This will be used in Descion making statements. 2006 6:39 am Suggestion fo Question No. where as”==” will compare the two operands. 3. .17 Responses to “Hardware architecture interview questions” 1. Aniket Said: June 9th. 2006 6:47 am Answer for Question 14. VHDL is used to design vary large scale integrated circuits. : There can be 2^8 combinations of bits in a byte. Aniket Said: June 9th. Verilog can be used to design analog circuits as well. It can simulate the wave form output of the proposed circuit.

William Stallings . 2006 5:14 am for question 6 basically cache memory is a temporary memory tat is used by microprocessor. sunny Said: August 23rd. 2006 3:45 am Question 13: Stage1: Instruction Fetch Stage2: Decode Stage 1 Stage3: Decode Stage 2 Stage4: Execute Stage5: Write back reference: Computer Organization & Architecture. sunny Said: August 23rd. Also i m doutful about this question 6. Potty Said: October 13th. 12 Basically there are 3 types of busses they r : 1 system bus. Designing for performance.4. 2 data bus and 3 control bus in any kind of microprocessor or computer 5. 2006 5:11 am for question num.

9. 2006 9:29 pm ***************** sunny said. Obaid Said: October 24th. hackcrackvirus Said: October 18th. Wrote on August 23. 2006 7:40 am For que no.7. You forgot about address bus. 2006 @ 5:11 am for question num. Obaid Said: October 24th. 2006 9:30 pm Question 13: Most moder texts list the following stages of a pipeline: .6 Cache is required for temp storage due to vast difference in operating speed of processor and main memory. 8. 12 Basically there are 3 types of busses they r : 1 system bus. 2 data bus and 3 control bus in any kind of microprocessor or computer ***************** System bus is just a data bus in a computer.

Ashish Said: October 31st. throughput = 1 11.Instruction fetch Instruction decode and register fetch Execute Memory access Register write back 10. Obaid Said: October 24th. 2006 9:33 pm MESI represents the 4 states of cache: Modified Exclusive Shared Invalid This method is used in cache coherency and is applied in the Pentium family of processors. 2006 9:32 pm Question 13: Latency = 5. 12. Obaid Said: October 24th. 2006 11:13 pm “What are the total number of lines written in C/C++? What is the most complicated/valuable program written in C/C++? ” .

2006 3:04 pm Cache memory is a small high-speed memory. palani Said: March 1st. GCC as we all know is a highly respected C\C++ compiler and its contributions to open source and C\C++ is unparalleled. Ashish Said: October 31st. 2006 11:21 pm “How many bit combinations are there in a byte?” Generally collection of 8 bits is called a byte. Another answer which I can think of is the Linux Kernel (as of now) 13. das Said: December 7th. It is used for temporary storage of data & information between the main memory and the CPU (center processing unit). Even today I think most versions of GCC are able to compile itself. In 1985 The first version of GCC was able to compile itself. I mean there are/were machines for which a byte != 8 bits. 14. But the number can certainly vary depending on architecture of machines.I dont really know if there is single correct answer to this question but I feel a closer answer could be GCC. The cache memory is only in RAM 15. 2007 7:15 am six roles of active dirretory forest and domain .

forest 2 . sehma master .forest 3 . global catloge sever .domain 6 .forest 4 . infrastructure master . Abhijit Singh Said: March 13th. pdc immodulat . domain naming operating master .domain 16. rid relative master . 2007 4:51 am Problem (3)–> H1 H2 H3 Start——->S1——>S2——>End/Final State |// Tail | Tail / / | .1 .domain 5 .

What is the most graceful way to bring a system into single user mode? 8.TechInterviews. What does iostat do? 5.x and 2. How do you determine disk usage? . What are the main differences between Apache 1. What are the read/write/execute bits on a directory mean? 4. What does the “route” command do? 3. what does vmstat do? 6.com . What does netstat do? 7.x? 2.Interview questions for tech companies General UNIX interview questions 1.

2. and then outputs the line. What is SED? 11. and /usr/bin? 12. it is most commonly used as a Unix . Jaffar Said: August 31st. What is a statically linked file? Categories: Unix/Linux | Master list of Java interview questions . It reads input files line by line.115 questions Solaris interview questions | 18 Responses to “General UNIX interview questions” 1. What is the difference between binaries in /bin. What is AWK? 10. edits each line according to rules specified in its simple language (the sed script).9. 2005 6:08 am QNo:10. What is a dynamically linked file? 13. What is SED? SED (which stands for Stream EDitor) is a simple but powerful computer program used to apply various prespecified textual transformations to a sequential stream of text data. Jaffar Said: August 31st. 2005 6:10 am AWK is a complete pattern scanning and processing language.

2005 3:55 pm Access rights (read/write/execute) on a directory means: ->read indicates that it is possible to list files in the directory. lavanya Said: September 6th. 4. to print only the second and sixth fields of the date command (the month and year) with a space separating them.command-line filter to reformat the output of other commands. 2005 4:17 pm QNO:8 How do u determine disk usage? The disk usage can be determined by using the command. 2005 4:20 pm . you would enter: date | awk ‘{print $2 ” ” $6}’ 3. ->write indicates that it is possible to delete or move files in the directory. 5. at the Unix prompt.THis command outputs the number of kilobytes used by each sub-directory. lavanya Said: September 6th. lavanya Said: September 6th.du. For example. ->execute indicates that it is possible to read files in the directory provided we must have read permission on individual files of that directory.

browse the following url: http://userpages. Dave Waddell Said: September 18th.uk/cgi-bin/mansec?1M+iostat 7.wlv.ac. 2005 3:31 pm .html 9.browse the following url: http://www.wlv. 2005 4:47 pm Q.scit.com/od/commands/l/blcmdl8_route.uk/cgi-bin/mansec?1M+vmstat 8. lavanya Said: September 6th.no:6) TO know about netstat command. 2005 4:48 pm Q.scit. 2005 4:45 pm Q NO:4) To know about iostat command.browse the following url: http://www. htm 6. lavanya Said: September 6th.ac.umbc.QNO 2: Browse the following URL to get information about ‘route’ command http://linux.edu/~jack/ifsm498/netstat.about. lavanya Said: September 6th.no:5) TO know about vmstat command.

Execute permission on a directory means you can list the files in that directory. and /usr/bin? /bin . Chris Sheldon Said: October 28th. Musthafa Said: October 21st. If dest removed source will be available. What is the difference between binaries in /bin.comment 3 on directory execute permissions is incorrect. 2005 2:45 am 11. Making two different copies causes more disk space due to redundancy. Source and destination files will have the different inode. What is a statically linked file? hard link (created with ln). 13. 2005 3:56 pm Comment #10 is in error with all answers . 11. What is a dynamically linked file? soft link (created with ln -s). 10.would contains the binaries rarely used by the normal user (as wel as system administrator) 12. If source removed dest also will available but no where to go. Source and dest will have the same inode.would contains the binaries frequently used by the normal user (as well as system administrator) /usr/bin .

there is no difference.11. /bin is a symbolic link pointing to /usr/bin. the library is loaded which provides the program access to the function. the function is placed in a shared library and when the program starts executing. What is a dynamically linked file? This is confusing because of the use of the word ‘file’. Under Linux (RHAS3) /bin is seemingly for standard unix programs like vi. rm which you’d need in a single user environment where as /usr/bin contains programs you’d want for a multiuser environment. and /usr/bin? Under Solaris. 12. The /sbin directories are *supposed to* contain statically linked programs. confusing due to the use of the word ‘file’. The idea is that most programs use many of the same functions. A statically linked program is one that contains all the . Instead. What is the difference between binaries in /bin. cp. What is a statically linked file? As above. loads shared libraries from /lib or /usr/lib in order to execute. sbin for admin programs. Keep in mind that sometimes /usr is a different disk partition and when you start up in single user mode you only have / mounted. so include a copy of a common function in *every* program on the file system. This mas morphed into the idea of bin for user programs. A dynamically linked program is one that. mv. when executed. 13.

2006 4:56 pm Ans 7: kill -TERM 1 14. 2005 11:34 pm What is MUTEX? I need answer for this question What is INODE?I need answer for this question 13. Adhik Said: February 25th. such as file access. any thread that needs the resource must lock the mutex from other threads while it is using the resource. In computer programming. The mutex is set to unlock when the data is no longer needed or the routine is finished. but not simultaneously. 12. 2006 3:10 am for comment no: 12 Mutex: Short for mutual exclusion object. INode: a unique number associated with each filename. After this stage.information (libraries) it needs to run. a mutex is created with a unique name. a mutex is a program object that allows multiple program threads to share the same resource. This . It does not need to load additional libaries in order to execute. Virat Said: March 23rd. When a program is started. Mahbubul Said: December 8th.

But you cannot ‘ls’ the directory until you have a read permission. Virat 15.number is used to look up an entry in the inode table which gives information on the type. and location of the file and the userid of the owner of the file. Regards. size. It means you should know the filename. Amar Said: September 4th. eg: [amar@darkstar ~]$ ls -l | grep Book d–x—— 6 amar amar 4096 Sep 5 11:27 BookScripting # directory only has execute permission [amar@darkstar ~]$ ls -l BookScripting/ # no read permission ls: BookScripting/: Permission denied # so ‘ls -l’ denied . 2006 8:22 pm Access rights (read/write/execute) on a directory means: execute permission allows a user to enter the directory and perform read/write/execute files according to the permissions of the file.

2007 2:04 am Typical usage of route: /sbin/route -n: DISPLAY KERNEL ROUTING TABLES.sh [amar@darkstar ~]$ BookScripting/test. 2006 1:23 pm quota -v Shows current disk usage and limits 17.[amar@darkstar ~]$ ls -l BookScripting/test.sh you can execute [amar@darkstar ~]$ 16. snark Said: February 28th. 18.sh -r-x—— 1 amar amar 37 Sep 5 11:27 BookScripting/test. Smi Said: March 28th. Divya Said: October 20th. 2007 5:16 pm whats the diff between mutex and semaphores ? .

com . 12. What is a Class D IP address? 6.Interview questions for tech companies Network engineer interview questions 1. How do I monitor the activity of sockets? 9. What is UDP? 13. What is Firewall? 8. How can I make my server a daemon? 14. What are some of the problems associated with operating a switched LAN? 3. What would you do? 2. How should I choose a port number for my server? 15. How can I be sure that a UDP message is received? 17. How to get IP header of a UDP message 18. How would I put my socket in non-blocking mode? 10. 4. User(s) are complaining of delays when using the network. What sort of cabling is suitable for Fast Ethernet protocols? 5. Name some of the ways of combining TCP/IP traffic and SNA traffic over the same link. Layers in TCP/IP 16. Writing UDP/SOCK_DGRAM applications 19.TechInterviews. What is the role of TCP protocol and IP protocol. Why do I sometimes lose a server’s address when using more than one server? 7. What are RAW sockets? 11. How many bytes in an IPX network address? .

2. Ip Address Ranges: Class A: 0-126. What is the difference between MUTEX and Semaphore? 21. gopher. Vivek Kumar Said: November 26th. 2005 12:32 am 5. 127 is a Broadcast Class B: 128-191 Class C: 192-223 Class D: 224-239 Class E: 240-255.20. 25. What is a message queue? 24. 27. Different Solutions to dining philosophers problem. What is DHCP? 26. Vivek Kumar Said: November 26th. Can I connect two computers to internet using same line ? Categories: Networking | OS interview questions Basic database interview quesitons | 39 Responses to “Network engineer interview questions” 1. 2005 12:45 am . Working of ping. What is priority inversion? 22. telnet. 23. Questions on Shared Memory.

. These are the security measures that prevents the network’s in and out traffic to pass through the specific Security filters so that the unwanted and unsecure data can be stopped from entering into the network.Ques5.. Class B: 128-191: for about >65536 Subnets and >65534 hosts per subnet Class C: 192-223: For about >16777214 networks and 254 hosts per subnet Class D: 224-239 : these addressess are for Scientific researches .1: For Proper Configuraions of TCP/IP. 2005 1:01 am Ques 7: what is a Firewall: Firewalls are of two types: -Hardware Firewall -Software Firewall. . Vivek Kumar Said: November 26th.0. Ip Address Ranges: Class A: 0-126. Firewall in simple manner is bascially the utility to provide the security over the network. further… as a security measure it also depends on the network designer and implementer that how to use a Firewall mean to say the security measures like how to present the content filtering and Url filtering which type of firewall should be used and where to put it.. Class E: 240-255. : For about >256 Subnets and >16777214 hosts per subnet 127.0. : these are kept for Future Use 3.

1. Well. means if you wish to connect 2 or more computers they should be same with everything from manufacturer to designer and implementer…then TCP imerged as a solution-for-ever. IBM Mainframe were not able to Communicate with the Burroughs mainframe. Independence from particular vendor or network. good failure recovery. 2005 1:48 am Ques 11.. 4. Handshaking. Vivek Kumar Said: November 26th....1983. EARLIER it was NCP( Network Control Protocal) but later it refined into TCP( Transmission Control Protocol) and IP(Internet Protocol)on jan. Error handling.. the need of Tcp had been rised in early years when like. 2. and if the thinghs are taken seprately. IP : Since the data to be sent must be put somewhere . very low data overhead 3. 2.4. Flow Control. Packect Sequencing 3. Some General roles of TCP/IP are: 1. then TCP is bascially responsible for proper data transmission by assuring data integrity it is a connection oriented protocol that follows the under scenerio 1.. firt of all one should know what a protocol actually means: A Protocol is bascially set of rules designed and developed for the internetwork or can say intranetwork Communications.

presentation. the required data is packaged in an IP packet. vinod gupta Said: March 12th. While IP takes care of handling the actual delivery of the data. Subir Sinha Said: January 6th.the IP works here . TCP takes care of keeping track of the individual units of data (called packets) that a message is divided into for efficient routing through the Internet.. 2006 5:54 am 7 Application 6 Presentation Upper Layers 5 Session 4 Transport 3 Network 2 Data Link Lower Layers 1 Physical The application. 6. All three are independent of the layers below them and are totally oblivious to the means by which data gets to the application. 5. 2006 7:10 am ques11: TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) is a set of rules (protocol) used along with the Internet Protocol (IP) to send data in the form of message units between computers over the Internet. These three layers are called the upper . and session layers are all application-oriented in that they are responsible for presenting the application interface to the user.

It converts the data from the application into a common format. They don’t differentiate between the different applications in any way. the application layer is where the client application resides. covering the packaging. verification. USENET news readers. It communicates through the lower layers to the server. The lower layers don’t worry about the type of data they receive or send to the application. such as client/server systems. The Presentation Layer The presentation layer’s task is to isolate the lower layers from the application’s data format. or database display modules. The presentation layer processes machine-dependent data .layers. and transmission of each data group. It is where the applications. routing. often called the canonical representation. The lower four layers deal with the transmission of data. The following sections explain each layer to help you understand the architecture of the OSI-RM (and later contrast it with the architecture of TCP/IP). In distributed applications. but deal simply with the task of sending it. The application layer’s task is to display received information and send the user’s new data to the lower layers. such as electronic mail. reside. The Application Layer The application layer is the end-user interface to the OSI system.

the information might not be assembled in the correct manner for the user’s application. An error in one application (whether on the same machine or . It is converted from the common format into application-specific formats. In simplified terms. The Session Layer The session layer organizes and synchronizes the exchange of data between application processes. The presentation layer is where file formats and even character formats (ASCII and EBCDIC. The presentation layer does the reverse for incoming data. If the data comes in without reformatting instructions. The conversion from the application data format takes place through a “common network programming language” (as it is called in the OSI Reference Model documents) that has a structured format.from the application layer into a machine-independent format for the lower layers. based on the type of application the machine has instructions for. It works with the application layer to provide simple data sets called synchronization points that let an application know how the transmission and reception of data are progressing. the session layer can be thought of as a timing and flow control layer. for example) are lost. The session layer is involved in coordinating communications between different applications. letting each know the status of the other.

The Transport Layer The transport layer. as well as figuring out relay systems. The Network Layer The network layer provides the physical routing of the data. The network layer handles all these routing issues. It is the only network layer . relieving the higher layers from this issue. determining its order and its priority. maintains. This verification role is important in ensuring that data is correctly sent. as its name suggests. with a resend if an error was detected. The transport layer establishes. This can be necessary when communications are temporarily interrupted. is designed to provide the “transparent transfer of data from a source end open system to a destination end open system. determining the path between the machines. and terminates communications between two machines. The session layer can resynchronize applications that are currently connected to each other. or when an error has occurred that results in loss of data.” according to the OSI Reference Model. The transport layer manages the sending of data.across the country) is handled by the session layer to let the receiving application know that the error has occurred. The transport layer is responsible for ensuring that data sent matches the data received. The network layer examines the network topology to determine the best route to send a message.

which are handled in the transport layer). The data link layer is usually concerned with signal interference on the physical transmission media. When the OSI model was being developed. according to the OSI definition.that sends a message from source to target machine. because they are. including cosmic rays and stray magnetic interference from other sources. “provides for the control of the physical layer. in most cases. the data link layer is responsible for correcting transmission errors induced during transmission (as opposed to errors in the application data itself. managing other chunks of data that pass through the system on their way to another machine.” In practicality. Interference is common. and detects and possibly corrects errors that can occur. or microwave. electrical. functional. The Physical Layer The physical layer is the lowest layer of the OSI model and deals with the “mechanical. a lot of concern dealt with the lower two layers. inseparable. and procedural means” required for transmission of data. whether through copper wire. This is really the wiring or other transmission form. resulting from many sources. fiber optic cable. The real world treats the data link layer and the physical layer as one . according to the OSI reference paper. The Data Link Layer The data link layer.

8. Mike Said: March 27th. How does a DHCP work ? When a pc with no Ip address just with an MAC addrress boots up . 4. but the formal OSI definition stipulates different purposes for each.combined layer. recognizing that the division is more academic than practical. lol. 2006 10:29 am Interviews Questions 1. (TCP/IP includes the data link and physical layers as one layer. 3.) 7. Class D networks are reserved for multicasting. Iraban Said: March 17th. Are all cacheless proxies DNS cacheful ? If so why ? 2. what are the steps that Happen till the time a Ip is given to the pc from a DHCP. someone asking the question isn’t interested in the IP range but what its used for. How does a ping work ? The exact mechanism. . 2006 11:52 am You guys would fail. What happens if there are 2 DHCP servers in the network and both gets a message from 2 pcs booting at exactly the same moment of time.

Indranil Banerjee Said: September 17th. u can connect two computer using NAT wich use port forwarding method and proxy server same time on the same line . hariom jindal Said: June 18th. go to the desktop>write click on the my computer icon>properties>device manager>Network Adapters> properties> advance>network address. 2006 2:28 pm What is DHCP. DHCP is a protocol which is designe for Automatic Give the IP Address to DHCP client. .9.. DHCP Assine the IP Address for few days Lease & capture the clients MAC address..? ans you can change a mac address easly. 2006 12:59 pm 27.. ans…. It is Updated version of BootP… 11. hariom jindal Said: April 22nd. and then chnage the value. 2006 12:40 pm how to change MAC Address. The value should be hexadecimal or 16 octat 10.

Applicatiotn 2.Static mapping are done just like bootstrap and for dynamic mapping it have database of MAC and IP when a packet with a MAC comes ask for ip its check that assigne a dynamic IP fixed that for a specific time and then return that packet with that IP 26 In OS when an event done it stored on Message queues and and its relavent action are called then it executed and cleared message queue it’s tempurary buffer of a multitusking OS. 25 DHCP is used for MAC address to IP mapping its support both static and dynamic mapping. that is 1 to many relation ship used with IGMP protocol for group managemnt.Transport . 6. etc its also sets maximum hop value and after it becomes 0 the packets discarted Telnet is a application layer process of connection remote compter and local Area Network compter by specifing the ip address by a specific port. 5.TCP/IP has 4 layer 1. the error messages are 1.hardware error.26 ping ia process which use ICMP protocl error message which is encapsulated in a IP packets its calculate the round trip delay time by sending the packet sending time and subtract it from arrival time.Class D ip are used for multitusking.destination unrecheable 2.

the error messages are 1.Internet 4. etc its also sets maximum hop value and after it becomes 0 the packets discarted .Hardware 2. indranil Said: September 17th. u can connect two computer using NAT wich use port forwarding method and proxy server same time on the same line .Netwok Access Foolish vinod said the OSI Layer 7. Firewall are the rules which are used for Passing traffic thats is packets in network layer and frame is datalink layer on a specific port it can be two type 1.Software 11 TCP is a transport layer protocol sued for reliable delivery of segmented packets IP is network layer protocol used for end to end delivery of two nodes not reliable.destination unrecheable 2. 26 ping ia process which use ICMP protocl error message which is encapsulated in a IP packets its calculate the round trip delay time by sending the packet sending time and subtract it from arrival time. 12.3. 2006 1:01 pm 27.hardware error.

Hardware 2.Static mapping are done just like bootstrap and for dynamic mapping it have database of MAC and IP when a packet with a MAC comes ask for ip its check that assigne a dynamic IP fixed that for a specific time and then return that packet with that IP 26 In OS when an event done it stored on Message queues and and its relavent action are called then it executed and cleared message queue it’s tempurary buffer of a multitusking OS.Applicatiotn 2.Telnet is a application layer process of connection remote compter and local Area Network compter by specifing the ip address by a specific port. that is 1 to many relation ship used with IGMP protocol for group managemnt. 5.Netwok Access Foolish vinod said the OSI Layer 7. 25 DHCP is used for MAC address to IP mapping its support both static and dynamic mapping. Firewall are the rules which are used for Passing traffic thats is packets in network layer and frame is datalink layer on a specific port it can be two type 1.Class D ip are used for multitusking.Internet 4.Software 11 TCP is a transport layer protocol sued for reliable .TCP/IP has 4 layer 1.Transport 3. 6.

2006 6:18 pm 11. 2006 9:43 am Q1: User(s) are complaining of delays when using the network. What would you do? ANS: .ensure desktop hardware and configuration is OK .delivery of segmented packets IP is network layer protocol used for end to end delivery of two nodes not reliable. Muhammad Ali Khan Said: November 5th.determine problem (if there is one) . IP layer is transport of TCP.commence some monitoring or diagnostics . pay Said: October 6th.determine how many other users are affected . IP layer uses . TCP is a connection oriented protocol that provides reliable transfer of information by synchronization.get the user(s) to demonstrate the problem .provide solution 14. It provides path determination and packet switching. error checking and sequencing of information to and from IP layer.trace all connections (they may be on another subnet) . 13.

If you want a good undertanding of a decent routing protocol..ARP and RARP protocol to map IP to MAC address and MAC to IP address respectively. 12.0. to determine network addresses. It is connectionless protocol that leaves all error checking functions on upper layer. UDP is a connectionless protocol that do not provide reliable transfer of information and is fast in nature as compare to TCP. This disadvantage on other hand is suitable for applications like video and voice. correct… I never really understood this properly until working with OSPF. Rich Said: November 26th. 2006 6:58 am Active Directory. I’ve been asked about this in EVERY interview I’ve had in networks. It’s nice. 2006 8:55 am 5. reserved for Multicast. get your head round OSPF.0. . 16. You can try memorising the table if you like but it’ll stick better if you get some understanding on why. and what different addresses are used for. easy and used a lot plus you’ll understand multicasting in the process… For example in OSPF .5 is used for multicasting routing information and is address you should always know about. 15.224. hariom jindal Said: December 11th.

It encreses the system performance & working. 2006 7:04 am What is a Printer. 18.. Inkjet 19. Dot Matrix 2. we have three types of printer. 2006 11:51 am What is WDS mode in AP? . network clients centrelize. hariom jindal Said: December 11th. Page file is a vertual memory of the operating system & work as Physical RAM. 1. 2006 7:01 am What is a Page file. older name of Active Directory called NTDS( NT Directory Service). hariom jindal Said: December 16th. Lazer 3. 17.Active Directory is a administative tool which is use to manage and administer the domain users. hariom jindal Said: December 11th. Printer is a Hardware Device which is use to take hard copy of any text or data from system.. computers.

Yes. In WDS mode Access Point can communicate with Wi-Fi Access Points only does not support Wireless Cliens.. WDS stands for Wireless Distributed System.com 20. and Configure AP in AP with WDS mode with Remote WDS mac address.. with this setting u can make Wireless LAN with out any ethernet wire. hariom jindal Said: December 21st. Ans. If we want communicate 4 AP to each other so we should configure one AP as WDS mode..Ans.. 2006 12:35 pm Q. . In this mode WSD AP requires Remote AP mac address so you have to type other APs MAC address one by one. & work as Bridging Technology. Can I connect two computers to internet using same line. we can connect two or more system using many types of mathodes. try and if u have any problem contact me at: rndxpert@gmail.

This problem may be genrate by defected HUB/Switch or Carbon in Jack or female RJ45 connector. 2006 12:43 pm Question. 2006 4:02 am . NetBios. 3.1. 2.. 21. thanks 22.. Raja Said Said: December 30th. or may be any machine infected with a Virus or Worm. Virus. hariom jindal Said: December 21st. Spool Virus. Spyware.. if you have high or medium speed internet connection you can access the system.. VPN. Remote Help Invitations. VPN make a tunnel type connection for fast & secure communication. using the Virtual Private Network this is technology which is use to make virtual network between any remote location. What would you do? Ans. Using third party software we have many type of VPN softwares.. so you have update your antivirus or firewall software or desible the NetBios in Wins Configurations. User(s) are complaining of delays when using the network. Network slow problem create by many reasions like.

It is a multitasking firewall server it provides NAT (Natwork Address Translation)& Web Proxy etc.Q. How ISA Server Works ? Ans. ISA is Software Firewal & Internet Soloution for small & large network. Software Firewall Firewall work as a Filter whichever connect to broadband and router before home Network and stop all virus coming form Internet 24. Hari Om Jindal Said: January 23rd. ISA server blocks Inboud traffic as well as Outbound traffic. Hardware Device 2..25 What is DHCP? Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol is a network layer Protocol that enables a DHCP Server and Assign IP Address Automatically on Individual DHCP Client 23. 2007 12:39 am Q. Raja Said: January 2nd.. 2007 10:36 am Que. ISA server provides SecureVPN for connect Remote Clients or Remote Location… . what is firewall? Firewall are two types 1.

Hariom Jindal Said: February 22nd.25.X.Can I connect two computers to internet using same line ? There are different methods to share one internet connection on multipe numbers of computer. 26. Naveed Nezam Said: February 23rd. 2007 5:07 pm Que: What is a Domain Controller? Ans.X IP addressing scheme on your network.ICS(Internet Connection Sharing) In this method you can just enable Internet Connection Sharing check on your gateway. Domain provide better administration control over the network object..Domain is a Security boundery which is use to make secure or private network from inside to outsite. 2007 2:47 am 27. 2-NAT NAT or NATING basic function is to convert private IP to Public IP and vice versa. It work same like ICS but have some enhanced features and can used for large number of client . dont remember exact figure). another limitation of ICS is it can support upto 15 Computer(approx.168.. 1. The limitation of ICS is you must have 192.

2007 9:53 am TCP/IP is a two-way communication between the client and the server and it is a reliable and there is a confirmation regarding reaching the message to the destination. Hardware & 2.it also provide dynamic IP addressing * Also have a feature of Server Publishing *Cannot cache 3.computers. Gaurav Said: April 25th. The Firewall has 2 types 1. 2007 7:27 am please tell me how we can configure DHCP server?? 29..Proxy Servers (e.g Microsoft ISA Server) Fully enhanced product which provide Internet sharing . Mohsin khan Said: February 26th. 2007 8:46 am 7. and other firewalls like nokia and so on. * NAT has also option of Firewall. FireWall is nothing but it is used to avoid the unwanted trafic or unauthorised entry. Now the most familiar used firewall is PIX from the make of cisco.Software. 27.. pradeep kumar Said: March 26th. Firewall(Fully featured )and Caching. 28. It is like a phone call. * No limitation of IP Scheme. .

2007 2:19 pm DHCP stands for “Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol DHCP’s purpose is to enable individual computers on an IP network to extract their configurations from a . 30. Ahamed Harooon Said: May 15th. syed khalid Said: May 13th.UDP is a one-way communication only between the client and the server and it is not a reliable and there is no confirmation regarding reaching the message to the destination. 2007 3:45 am when u want to know about understanding the nature of network then first of all u should be concentrate on OSI MODEL osi model have 7 layers and every layer perform unique task: 1 APPLICATION LAYER 2 PRESENTATION LAYER 3 SESSION LAYER 4 TRANSPORT LAYER 5 NETWORK LAYER 6 DATA LINK LAYER 7 PHYSICAL LAYER BUT NETWORK WORK ON LAYER 7 -1 THANKS SEE YOU ANY TIME WITH LOTS OF FUNDAS 31.

servers that have no exact information about the individual computers until they request the information. to detect failures on other links connected to the switch. 2007 11:46 am 2. in particular. 33.What are some of the problems associated with operating a switched LAN? Ans: A switched LAN (Local Area Network) may use a Gigabit Ethernet switch that includes different ports connected to PCs and to layer 3 routers. Nirmala Said: May 17th.server (the ‘DHCP server’) or servers. 32. The routers connected to different switch ports can not immediately identify failures either of other routers or of the ports and links by which they are connected to the switch. the time required to detect failures can and often does dominate the time required for a routing algorithm to determine a new network topology around a detected failure (convergence time). The most significant piece of information distributed in this manner is the IP address. 2007 11:53 pm . Thus. dharmender yadav Said: May 30th. such as missed hello packets. The routers currently have to rely on slow timeout mechanisms. The overall purpose of this is to reduce the work necessary to administer a large IP network.

Used for multicasts. thus non-blocking.5. Normally. 2007 5:23 pm Q 7 How do I monitor the activity of sockets? In any POSIX (UNIX like system ) you can monitor the ports and their state with netstat command. The other 28 bits are used to identify the group of computers the multicast message is intended fo 34.Class D: 224-239 its Class D . It has a first bit value of 1. second bit value of 1. third bit value of 1 and fourth bit value of 0. the socket is asynchronous. Q8 How would I put my socket in non-blocking mode? If you choose to open a socket in UDP. Normally we use this kind of sockets for two reasons: . Try: $netstat and this will give you a list of all opened sockets to the associated ports for TCP/UDP/RAW protocols. in other words they cannot be categorized as UDP/TCP. Q9 What are RAW sockets? Those sockets bypass the transport layer and talk directly to network layer. in RAW sockets e have to build our own IP header to override values that IP would place into certain header fields (use IP_HDRINCL socket option when opening socket descriptor). Mike Mountrakis Said: June 14th. Class D is slightly different from the first three classes.

2007 5:37 pm Q17 How to get IP header of a UDP message If you want to do it for monitoring. use Ethereal If you want to do it within your code. Implement custom transport protocol b. Michael Mountrakis mountrakis@illumine. You can place a MUTEX Lock on a resource among processes/threads in order to lock it.a. use pcap (Packet Capturing Library) that comes with TCPDump distribution. Pass raw streaming through the network. Q21 What is priority inversion? Rearrange in opposite order the scheduler’s priority list. you might need to listen to a specific semaphore caused by the MUTEX release. When MUTEX is released. A Semaphore is a signal raiser. . the resource is also released. When you wait for a MUTEX to be released. Q20 What is the difference between MUTEX and Semaphore? A MUTEX is a lock. Mike Mountrakis Said: June 14th.gr 35. or a token.

Redhat Enterprise Linux. Read “UNIX Network Programming” V1 by R. upgrade and removes the rpm packages. 2007 12:17 am Installing. Mendriva and othrs.gr 36. Upgrading and Erase the software using RPM RPM (Redhat Package Manager) RPM package manager is a tool which is use to install.Q22 Different Solutions to dining philosophers problem. Using RPM command with many functions. RPM is develop by redhat and support many linux distirbutions like Fedora Project. Poll A.illumine. Hariom Jindal Said: June 29th. CentOs. Kelly” There are some excellent solutions over there Michael Mountrakis www. RPM only supports rpm file. #rpm –q for query a packages -a for query with all rpms -V for query with varify the packge . Stevens and “A Book on C By I.

com and serial ports)? 3.How to disable the ports (usb. Leela Said: October 19th.Difference between cold booting and warm booting? 4.Watson? .0. 2007 4:09 am User(s) are complaining of delays when using the network. mukesh Said: October 10th.Explain Dr.1-12_EL 37.#rpm –i for install a rpm package -h for display with hash -v for verbose #rpm –u for upgrade the module #rpm –e for erase the module Some examples:#rpm –ivh dhcp-3.How to take the bios backup? 2. prakash Said: July 7th. 2007 9:14 am 1. What would you do 38. 2007 5:31 am how do i enable or dlsable my usb port? 39.

Avoid details.Interview questions for tech companies 55 most frequently asked interview questions Dan Johnston from PPR Career shared the following list of frequently asked questions on a job interview. . don’t ramble. Use Answer in about two minutes.TechInterviews.com . as well as advice on what to be prepared for. 1. Tell me about yourself.

help the interviewer by focusing the question with a question of your own: “What about me would be most relevant to you and . “Before that. B. “I love the challenge of my work. “I’ve worked for X years as a [title]” 3. I’m a [title] at [company]” 4.“Picture Frame Approach” Touch on these four areas: • • • • How many years. doing what function Education – credentials Major responsibility and accomplishments Personal summary of work style (plus career goals if applicable) Prepare in advance using this formula: 1. especially the major strengths it allows me to offer. 6. I was a [title] at [company]” 5. including [A. Second. “My name is…” 2. “Currently. and C]”.

particularly from your point of view. Do not offer them unless you’re asked for one. 5. 3. services. What experience do you have? Pre-interview research and PPR Career will help you here. According to your Be prepared to define success. Also. “But I would love to know more. Talk about products. and you’ll score big on this question. especially any friends that work there. history and people. Be prepared with two or resume? three extra copies. What do you know Research the target company about our before the interview. Try to cite experience relevant to the company’s concerns. . Basic organization? research is the only way to prepare for this question. Do your homework. Do we have time to cover that now? 4. try answering this questions with a question: “Are you looking for overall experience or experience in some specific area of special interest to you?” Let the interviewer’s response guide your answer.what this company needs?” 2. Did you bring your Yes.

Had you thought Refer to positive aspects of the of leaving your job. your work was criticized? 9. how successful have you been so far? (Is this person mature and self aware?) and then respond (consistent record of responsibility) 6. and tell how you describe a few have corrected or plan to correct situations in which your work. what do you think held you there? 8. what would he or she say are Be consistent with what you think the boss would say. present position and what you learned. Would you Give only one. before? If yes. Position the weakness in a positive way (refer to #12) . If I spoke with your previous boss.definition of success. what statements were your most significant accomplishments? In your career so far? 7. In your current or Give one or two accomplishment last position. advancement opportunities.

Talk about extra-curricular attitudes? Is there a fit?) activities (clubs. but give your weak points? one that is really a “positive in disguise.” Or “I compliment and praise my staff. In your current or last position. but feel I can improve. What are your strong points? Present three.your greatest strengths and weaknesses? 10. How would Keep your answer short and you describe your relevant to the job and the personality? organization’s culture. If grades were average. What are Don’t say you have one. what features did you Refer to your satisfiers for likes.” I am sometimes impatient and do to much work myself when we are working against tight deadlines. Relate them to that particular company and job opening.” Emphasize your best and favorite subjects. give only one (if any) and make it brief. How did you do in school? . Refuse to answer 13. 11. Be careful with dislikes. 12. What are his/her values. volunteer work) 14. talk about leadership or jobs you (Is the person motivated? took to finance your education. sports.

Address his interests.like most? Least? negatively. I’m . What do you look for in a job? 16. because of my would it take you experience. How long would you stay with us? “As long as I feel that I’m contributing. and that my contribution is recognized. Respond that you “like everything about my current position and have acquired and developed a great many skills.” Fit your answer to their needs Relate your preferences and satisfiers/dissatisfiers to the job opening.” “improve.” Flip this one over. Use words like “contribute. He’s interested in what he is looking for. transferable skills to make a and ability to learn. Despite the question. but I’m now ready for a new set of challenges and greater responsibilities.” “enhance. How long “Not long.” and “team environment. 15.” meaningful contribution to our firm? 17. rather than yours. the employer isn’t really interested in what you are looking for.

say so. You’ve been with your current employer quite a while. Let’s assume the interviewer has a point here. to help others develop. But it’s true that I’ve grown about as much as I can in my current position.” Show how you have done this in the past. transforming it from What . (This response also turns the issue of salary on its head. That doesn’t mean you have to agree with the negative terms of the question. What do you see as the most difficult task in being a supervisor? 21. If you have never supervised. Why haven’t you advanced with him? If you want to supervise.looking to make a long term commitment. Answer: “What I like about my present position is that it’s both stable and challenging. “To grow and develop professionally. to build a team and to share what I have learned. and be enthusiastic. how do you feel about assuming those responsibilities? 19.” 18.” “Getting things planned and done through others and dealing with different personalities. Why do you want to become a supervisor? 20.

g. Frame your answer positively by answering why you want to move to the target company instead of why you left or want to leave your most recent job. When .” respond. the whole organization is being reduced in size).more can I get? to What more can I offer?) 22. Never personalize or be negative. our office is closing. For example. “I am eager to take on more challenges. “I don’t get enough challenges at [company]. this opportunity seems to be particularly interesting and I am interested in pursuing it further. However. even if they are true. Why are you leaving your present position? Never answer with negative reasons. instead of answering. give a “group” answer (e. Keep it short. some companies have financial problems which may preclude you from staying with them. ”I’m not unhappy (at my present employer). However. Stick to one response. and I believe I will find them at [hiring company]. don’t change answers during the interview.

who just don’t perform. 23. who complain constantly. Do you prefer working with figures. best response is: I was not on the market when PPR Career contacted me and explained what you are doing. What kinds of people do you find difficult to work with? Be aware of what the job requires and position your answer in that context.” The interviewer is expecting a response focused on personality and personal dislikes. or with words? 26. Surprise her by delivering an answer that reflects company values.applicable. In many cases it would be both. How would Be positive. present firm? Don’t mention negatives. . and who fail to respond to any efforts to motivate them. would be an ideal working environment? 24. 25. Refer to the valuable you evaluate your experience you have gained. Use this question as a chance to show that you are a team player: “The only people I have trouble with are those who aren’t team players. it peaked my interest. Describe what Team work is the key.

where would you go? 31. . What was the Think this through. very close to what best suits you. 28. Why do you want to work for us? You feel you can help achieve the companies objectives. If you don’t like him or her. If you had Refer to job preferences. How would your co-workers describe you? Refer to your strengths and skills. Your answer last book you should be compatible with read? Movie you accepted norms. find something positive to say. You like what you’ve learned about the company. Why do you want to work in a company of this size. Say that your choice of jobs this job and this company are and companies. especially in the short run.27. 30. say so and think of your boss? tell why.” 32. What do you If you like him or her. goals and management: “I’ve researched the company and people tell me it’s a good place to work. its policies. Or this type? Explain how this size or type of company works well for you. 29. using examples from the past if possible.

What kind of “As many hours as it takes to get hours are you used the job done. 37. it had both strengths and weaknesses. or what training programs. What was wrong with your last company? Again. What are you Talk about formal courses and doing.saw? Sporting event you attended? 33. choose your words carefully.” to working? (Does the person match job and criteria?) 36. What has Give examples from your experience accomplishments. Say that no company is perfect. 35. been in supervising people? . have you done to reach your career objectives? 34. Don’t be negative. What would you do for us? Relate past success in accomplishing the objectives which are similar to those of the prospective employer.

Don’t dredge up a catastrophe that resulted in a personal or corporate failure. They often comment on how much they learn and develop under my supervision. that you could do it. Are you a good supervisor? Draw from your successes. say so. what were the reasons and how did you handle it? 40. say so. my people like and respect me personally and professionally. What’s the most difficult situation you ever faced on the job? Refer to accomplishments. What is the most money you ever accounted for? Largest budget responsibility? 42. If you haven’t had budget responsibility. Remember. Yes. Be ready for this question by thinking of a story that has a happy ending – happy for you and your company. How have you Refer to accomplishments. Never digress . if necessary.38. 39. but add fire anyone? If so. not your best friend. helped your company? 41. you’re talking to a prospective employer. but refer to an accomplishment that demonstrates the same skill. Did you ever If you haven’t.

listen carefully and ask any clarifying questions you think necessary. 43.into personal or family difficulties. Describe some situations in which you have worked under pressure or met deadlines? Refer to accomplishments. Everyone has had a few of these pressure situations in a career. Behavior-related questions aim at assessing a candidate’s character. Tell your story and conclude by explaining what you . and personality traits by asking for an account of how the candidate handled certain challenging situations. attitude. provided that the issues were resolved inventively and to everyone’s satisfaction. Before answering the questions. You might discuss a difficult situation with a subordinate. Plan for such questions by making a list of the desirable traits relevant to the needs of the industry or prospective employer and by preparing some job-related stories about your experience that demonstrate a range of those traits and habits of conduct. and don’t talk about problems you’ve had with supervisors or peers.

The tick here is to separate rejection of your product from rejection of yourself: “I see rejection as an opportunity. price or service to make it possible for him to say yes. Give examples Draw examples from . How do you handle rejection? Rejection is part of business. But rejection is valuable.” 45. I learn from it. too. Give an example of your creativity. Don’t get me wrong: You’ve got to makes sales. 47. Refer to accomplishments. I ask him what we could do to the product. When a customer takes a pass. ask for feedback: “Does this tell you what you need to know?” 44. In your Refer to accomplishments present position.intended your story to illustrate. what problems have you identified that had previously been overlooked? 46. People don’t always buy what you sell. Finally. It’s a good teacher.

Keep your response brief. Actually. . Relate a past experience which represents success in achieving objectives which may Refer back to question #48 on goals. then. What are Talk first about doing the job for your career goals? which you are applying. 48. or just plain harsh. 50.of your leadership accomplishments. The employer wants you to help him/her hire you. negative. Recap any job requirements the interviewer may have mentioned earlier in the interview. Why should we hire you? This may sound suspicious. 49. point by point. abilities. What position Just say you wish to exceed do you expect to objectives so well that you will have in two years? be on a promotable track. match your skills. abilities and qualifications to those items. What are your objectives? (How does the person handle stress? What is their confidence level?) 51. it’s a call for help. Your career goals should mesh with the hiring company goals.

what would you do differently? 55.” Be careful. You may be over-qualified or too experienced for the position we have to offer. your experience and skills and the market value of the job. I’m not looking for just any job. “Hindsight is 20/20. If you could start again. Why haven’t you found a new position before now? 54. 53. return the question by saying that you would expect a fair salary based on the job responsibilities. 52. everyone would make some changes. but I’ve learned and grown from all my decisions.” An employer will get faster return on investment because you have more experience than required. “Finding the right job takes time. If you don’t know the market value. How much do you expect if we offer this position to you? “A strong company needs a strong person. It’s always best to put off discussing salary and let PPR Career handle that.be similar to those of the prospective employer. Express your interest in the job because it fits your career goals – Receptive to a reasonable and competitive offer – don’t talk $’s.” No need to be self-revealing. ANSWER: .

2005 5:07 am can we run the progs without including header files 1)copying all the contents of relevant header files then what about library linking: auto? or like pascal all in one default standard header and library file? or by means of macros 2nd thing can we run programs without operating . I’d prefer to discuss the opportunity and allow my recruiter to handle any salary questions. 2005 11:45 pm […] This is a "dirty dozen" set of typical interview questions that Dan Johnston from PPR Career sent us. Refer to the set of answers for details.I’m open to a competitive offer. raj Said: September 5th.com Said: August 18th. […] 2. Typical interview questions < TechInterviews. Categories: General | Windows Server and MS Exchange interview questions Microsoft college recruitment questions | 8 Responses to “55 most frequently asked interview questions” 1.

. So the questions and answers are a great source of knowledge for those of us just getting out there. and exactly what i needed. who have experience but don’t really know how to show it..i have given interviews before and even interviwed people in the past…and trust me some of these questions have often given me goosebumps. The questions do sound easy but it really needs some brains to answer them correctly. I am new to the Job Circuit. Arushi Shanker Said: June 5th.i just din”t know how to put it across to the interviewer. Even when i knew what i wanted to say. Rashanda Said: May 10th. 4.These faq’s would really do a lot of good to those applying for managerial jobs.. Amanda Said: November 16th. 2007 8:23 am this is just brilliant !!!!!! Good work Dan…. 2006 5:36 pm These are a good set of basis How to’s. those things don’t tend to help you hunt for a job. 2006 11:28 am This is the best sight for inteview advice i have been on all day. 10 years in the military.system ? like on 8085 kit basically what happens about routines or memory management overheads 3. 5. The information is very precise.

because it makes us feel so easy to answer in the interviews. 2007 5:28 pm Thanks Dan. It also boosts up and induces confidence to techies who are just getting out there. These are the winning 55 questions to help land that dream job. Nicketia Said: September 25th. especially with the question and answer type mode. 2007 11:08 pm This site is an excellent source to face interviews in today’s scenario. 7. 2007 1:55 pm Hats off to you Dan! You’ve done a great job providing such details for persons trying to enter the competitive job market. however your Q & A is ideal for anyone in any given situation. This site is great. As Indrani Gorti mentioned “techies”. I have never thought to look at any sight before an interview. Nicky 8. Tah. This site is excellent. topeka Said: October 9th.Thanks 6. because all three interviews I have had I have failed . I myself am not one. indrani gorti Said: June 28th.

5? Which one is better & why? 5. but all the while I was leaving without the job. and I am very sure that these are some of the questions that the panel will ask. What are the types of backup? Explain each? 4. Thanks Topeka TechInterviews. What are Levels of RAID 0. and when I do better I will feel confident with getting the job. I am so glad that I found this site. What is DHCP? How we configure DHCP? 2. Describe the lease process of the DHCP server. but now that I know better I will do better. 6.com . What are FMSO Roles? List them. What is scope & super scope? .due to the lack of knowledge of answering the questions correctly. 1. I really thought that I was leaving a good impression. I have an interview on the October 18. 7. Disaster Recovery Plan? 8.Interview questions for tech companies Windows Server and MS Exchange interview questions 1. What are the ways to configure DNS & Zones? 3.

Networking | July contest winner 55 most frequently asked interview questions | 31 Responses to “Windows Server and MS Exchange interview questions” 1. List the services of Exchange Server 2000? 5. FTP. Eseutil & ininteg what are they used for? 3. SMTP. DNS. Distribution List? 2.9. 2006 7:12 pm On a recent interview i was asked “What is the maximum storage capacity for Exchange standard . Routing Group. Differences between Win 2000 Server & Advanced Server? 10. How would you recover Exchange server when the log file is corrupted? Categories: Windows. Masud Said: January 24th. Stm files. What is Kerberos? Which version is currently used by Windows? How does Kerberos work? Microsoft Exchange Server interview questions 1. KERBEROS. Logical Diagram of Active Directory? What is the difference between child domain & additional domain server? 11. POP3 port numbers? 12. GAL. What is MIME & MAPI? 4. NNTP. DHCP.

version? What would you do if it reaches maximum capacity?” 2. 2006 3:43 am 1. why and which to use when? 4. Shri Said: April 1st. chronicle records what are they? 7. what is GC? how many required for A Tree? 10. DHCP lease process 6. how do you configure memory dump if c:. Can I changed password if my machince’s connectivity to DC who holds PDC emulator role has been fails? 4. what is active directory compared to SAM? 9. DHCP relay agent where to place it? 8.e: & paging file is configured so and so way? 3. saed Said: February 18th. what is forest? 11. FSMO Roles? 3. boot process in windows nt/xp/2000/2003 2. DNS zones. 2006 7:00 am .d:. Vipin Bansal Said: April 26th. 2006 6:27 am I haved asked following question about Active directory 2000. backups ? which is better. disaster recovery plan? 5. Group policies? 12.

gateway) while dc is working. Mohamed Azlan Said: May 8th. 2006 3:40 am i have been asked if there is set of 30 harddisk configured for raid 5 if two harddisk failed what about data . 5. and can i give another ip. mohd.Exchange 2000 Server Standard Edition limits the database size to 16 gigabytes.sameer Said: August 3rd. (what happend if i give that ip and what happend about the replication of ther dc when i am in suspend mode) ? 7. 2006 10:43 am What is the diffence between SD-RAM and DD-RAM ? 6. 2006 1:30 am i have been asked if there is set of 30 harddisk configured for raid 5 if two harddisk failed what about data 8. Tech Said: September 17th.pref dns. shaik Said: June 29th. 2006 2:25 am can i change my Dc ip(dns.

in 1000 PCs. 3. Can anybody give me the answer of the mention questions. Raj Narayan Said: September 23rd.How Can i Resolve the Svr name through Nslookup. . 2006 10:13 am Q) Can I changed password if my machince’s connectivity to DC who holds PDC emulator role has been fails? A) No You cant the password.Suppose i have 5 HDD of 10-10 GB.sameer 9. 4.P. wihtout having the Admin Right in Pc. 2. 1. After configuring the Raid how much space do i have for utilise.How Can i Deploy the Latest Patched in Pc through G.P. Raj Narayan 10.How to remove the $sharing through G. Thanks & Regards. 2006 12:51 am Hi.In Raid 5. Aarif Shaikh Said: November 26th. 2006 7:49 am What is difference between scope and superscope ? 11.Tech Interviews comment by mohd. Debabrata Swain Said: October 17th.

Q) How Can i Deploy the Latest Patched in Pc through G. nslookup command will let u know through which server u r getting routed. bart Said: November 29th. After configuring the Raid how much space do i have for utilise. Q) How Can i Resolve the Svr name through Nslookup A) what exactly u want to do.Q) i have been asked if there is set of 30 harddisk configured for raid 5 if two harddisk failed what about data A) It depends how u had configured ur RAID its only Raid5 or with with spare if its only raid 5 then in raid5 if ur 2 nos of HDD goes then ur raid is gone. A) -1 out of the total (eg.if u r using 5 u will get only 4 because 1 goes for parity).P. 2006 12:27 am .Suppose i have 5 HDD of 10-10 GB. Q) In Raid 5. (eg. and deploy the batch file through GP to all the pcs so the same should take affect after restarting the pc. wihtout having the Admin Right in Pc. A) Create a batch file and place all the patches in the Netlogon. and if u want to get the name of the pc/server with the ip address then u have to give the command c:\nbtstat -a ip xx-xx-xx-xx) 12.c:\nslookup then u will get ur domain name to which u r getting routed.

the answer to the above question is incorrect. 2007 1:13 am What is Kerberos? Which version is currently used by Windows? How does Kerberos work? . you can only publish or assign msi packages or Zap files. Rehamn Shaikh Said: January 5th. Imran Khan Said: January 11th. wihtout having the Admin Right in Pc. They are the only two valid file formats allowable when using “intellimirror”. 13.How Can i Deploy the Latest Patched in Pc through G. A) Create a batch file and place all the patches in the Netlogon.P. 2007 8:35 am What are FMSO Roles? List them ANS:Fsmo roles are server roles in a Forest There are five types of FSMO roles 1-Scheema master 2-Domain naming master 3-Rid master 4-PDC Emullator 5-Infrastructure master 14. in active directory. you cannot deploy a batch file using group policy. and deploy the batch file through GP to all the pcs so the same should take affect after restarting the pc.

15. vamsi Said: January 30th. 2007 2:38 am what is hotfrix. (7) WHICH PROTOCOL USED FOR SENDING MESSAGE. 2k3 and xp? (4)how many types DNS (5)hOW MANY TYPES NET ADDRES? (1)WHAT IS T-VOLI. 2007 9:07 am how many types of server? (2) what is hotfrix. akshaya Said: February 2nd. (3)what is the difrences btwen 2k . 2007 8:25 am what is the difference between 2k and 2k3? what is the difference between dns and wins? what is sysprep? what is netlogon? 16. 17. (8) TELL ME WHY WE R USEING EXCHANGE SERVER? (9) WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF DHCP? (10) HOW DHCP CONFIGURE? PLEASE SEND ALL ANS I NEED YOUR HELP . usha Said: February 18th. .

2k3 domain name can be renamed. 2007 3:48 pm *** What is the difference between Win2k Server and Win2k3? 1. Varadarajam Said: March 26th. Tivoli is montiroing tool (7) WHICH PROTOCOL USED FOR SENDING MESSAGE.0 in Win2k and IIS 6. which microsoft realese whenever there is a bug or for updation of Operating system. IIS 5. We can’t rename domain in Win2k. SNMP (9) WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF DHCP? for providing ip address dynamically 18. Active Directory Federation Systems in Win2k3 . no shadow copying. its available in Win2k3 4.It is hotfix. No Volume Shadow Copying in Win2k. 2k3 and xp? Xp is a client operating system it cannot act as a server. shadow copying is possible (4)how many types DNS I think there are about 7 types… (1)WHAT IS T-VOLI. (3)what is the difrences btwen 2k .0 in Win2k3 3.u can rename in Win2k3 2. 2k domain name cannot be renamed.

***TELL ME WHY WE R USEING EXCHANGE SERVER? This is a mail server. we can use this Server to send mails in Intranet as well as outside. *** What is DHCP? To assign ip addresses automatically. *** what is forest? Is a collection of trees. *** DHCP relay agent where to place it? DHCP Relay agent u need to place in Software Router.. Understand carefully. *** what is GC? how many required for A Tree? .. domain contains domain controllers.Like that some other security features added in Win2k3. Tree is nothing but collection domains which is having same name space. main features are above ***WHICH PROTOCOL USED FOR SENDING MAIL? SMTP — Simple Mail Transfer Protocal is used to Sending mails.. forest — Tree — Domain – Don’t get confused.

copy of A records for that zone. SRV records etc. copy of NS records. With this we can find out any object in the Active Directory..Global Catalog server is a Searchable Index book. Domain Naming Master — Forest Wide Roles 2. *** DNS zones. Also it works as logon authentication for Group memberships. chronicle records what are they? In Windows 2000 there are mainly 3 zones Standard Primary — zone information writes in Txt file Standard Secondary — copy of Primary Active Directory Integrated– Information stores in Active Directory in win2k3 one more zone is added that is Stub zone –Stub is like secondary but it contains only copy of SOA records. We can have each domain controller in domain or only first domain controller in a domain. RID Master — Domain Wide Roles . No copy of MX. With this Stub zone DNS traffic will be low *** FSMO Roles? Flexible Single Master Operation Roles 1. Schema Master — Forest Wide Roles 3..

Infrastructure Master: This works when we are renaming any group member ship object this role takes care. DHCP. 21 is Transmitting) NNTP : 119 . POP3 port numbers? FTP : 20. SMTP. Domain Naming Master : Adding / Changing / Deleting any Domain in a forest it takes care Schema Master : It maintains structure of the Active Directory in a forest. 21 (20 is for controlling. Infrastructure Master — Domain Wide Roles RID Master — It assigns RID and SID to the newly created object like Users and computers. KERBEROS.. NNTP.4. lockout etc. *** FTP. If RID master is down (u can create security objects upto RID pools are avialable in DCs) else u can’t create any object one its down PDC emulator : It works as a PDC to any NT Bdcs in your environment It works as Time Server (to maintain same time in your network) It works to change the passwords. PDC Emulator — Domain Wide Roles 5. DNS.

imap. Sunit Suri Said: May 21st. 68 Pop3 : 110 *** What is Kerberos? Which version is currently used by Windows? How does Kerberos work? Kerberos is the user uthentication used in Win2000 and Win2003 Active Directory servers Kerberos version in 5.exe ? What are the port Numbers for pop3. 2007 11:03 am What is the new major feature introduced in Exchange 2003. which was not included in Exchange 2000? How can you recover a deleted mail box ? what is the use of ESUtil.SMTP : 25 Kerberos : 88 DNS : 53 DHCP : 67. imap over ssl ? . pop3 over ssl.0 Port is : 88 Its more secure and encrypted than NTLM (NT authentication) 19. smtp over ssl. smtp port.

How you will give the access of previous mail box ? What are the prequisite for installation of Exchange Server ? What is the use of NNTP with exchange ? If NNTP service get stoped. 20. 2007 2:42 pm Describe the lease process of the DHCP server. what features of exchange will be effected ? Which protocol is used for Public Folder ? How will take backup of Active Directory ? What are the content of System State backup ? there r more….Difference between Exchance 2003 and 2007? what is RPC over Http ? What is required for using RPC over Https with MS Outlook ? If you have deleted the user. i’ll update soon……. after you recreated the same user. Harish P Said: June 1st. Ans : A DHCP lease is the amount of time that the DHCP server grants to the DHCP client permission to .

22. 2007 9:57 am Which protocol is used for Public Folder ? ANS: SMTP What is the use of NNTP with exchange ? ANS: This protocol is used the news group in exchange. This will backup the active directory database. 23. A typical server allows its administrator to set the lease time. Microsoft recomend only Full backup of system state database What are the content of System State backup ? .use a particular IP address. 2007 10:11 am How will take backup of Active Directory ? Ans: Take the system state data backup. 2007 3:43 pm 7. Disaster Recovery Plan? Ans: Deals with the restoration of computer system with all attendent software and connections to full functionality under a variety of damaging or interfering external condtions. 21. Harish P Said: June 1st. shan Said: June 22nd. shan Said: June 22nd.

NET Then run Forestprep The run domainprep 25.NET Framework ASP. .The cotents are Boot fles. wihtout having the Admin Right in Pc. 2007 9:41 pm What are the prequisite for installation of Exchange Server ? The pre requsite are IIS SMTP WWW service NNTP . How Can i Deploy the Latest Patched in Pc through G.P.system files Active directory (if its done on DC) Sysvol folder(if it done on DC) Cerficate service ( on a CA server) Cluster database ( on a clsture server) registry Performance couter configuration inormation Coponet services class registration database 24. shan Said: June 22nd. Brian Said: June 25th. 2007 9:44 am bart said.

26. Khan Said: October 1st. and deploy the batch file through GP to all the pcs so the same should take affect after restarting the pc. in active directory. you cannot deploy a batch file using group policy. you can only publish or assign msi packages or Zap files. Superscope is the combination of multiple scopes. then it runs as a local administrator on the computer. 2007 10:42 pm Where is active directory stored? 27. If you create a script and assign it to the STARTUP script in a GPO applied to the COMPUTER and not the USER. the answer to the above question is incorrect.A) Create a batch file and place all the patches in the Netlogon. 2007 12:45 am What is difference between scope and superscope ? Scope in dhcp. . Shahnawaz Mulla Said: September 12th. where u can specify a range of IP Address which will be leased to the dhcp clients. Actually you are incorrect as well. They are the only two valid file formats allowable when using “intellimirror”.

. DHCP Server leases the IP addresses to the clients as follows : DORA D (Discover) : DHCP Client sends a broadcast packets to identify the dhcp server. 2) Volume Shadow Copy for backup. Pl let me know if u still find more differnces. Khan Said: October 1st. 29. O (Offer) : Once the packet is recieved by the DHCP server. this packet will contain the source MAC. 2007 1:02 am What is the new major feature introduced in Exchange 2003. the server will send the packet containing Source IP and Source MAC. The default lease period is 8 days. 2007 12:58 am Describe the lease process of the DHCP server. Khan Said: October 1st. 3) Super upgrade tools like ExDeploy.0. R (Request) : Client will now contact the DHCP server directly and request for the IP address. A (Acknowledge) : DHCP server will send an ack packet which contains the IP address. including all those of IIS v 6. 4) Improved security. which was not included in Exchange 2000? 1) RPC over HTTPS.28.

smtp over ssl. 2007 1:19 am What are the port Numbers for pop3.NET * www services * . smtp port.30.net framework . 2007 1:32 am What are the prequisite for installation of Exchange Server 2003? * IIS * SMTP services * NNTP services * ASP. imap. imap over ssl ? POP3 : 110 Standard IMAP4 : 143 SMTP : 25 pop3 over ssl : 992 imap over ssl : 993 31. pop3 over ssl. Khan Said: October 1st. Khan Said: October 1st.

What do you consider to be the organization’s strengths and weaknesses? 6. How do my skills compare with those of the other candidates you have interviewed? 9. but here’s a list of useful questions to ask. What is the next step in your interview process? 10. Before I leave. How soon are you looking to fill this position? 8. and I am very interested in the opportunity. I have really enjoyed meeting with you and your team.Interview questions for tech companies Questions to ask during HR interview Usually by the end of the interview the HR person would ask you whether you have any questions.com . I feel my skills and experience would be a good match for this position. How do you describe the philosophy of the company or organization? 5. Under the stress of the job interview sometimes nothing comes to mind. Can you describe the work environment here? 4. Why do you enjoy working for this company? 2. is there anything else you need to know concerning my ability to do this job? .hInterviews. 1. Can you tell me more about my day-to-day responsibilities? 7. What attracted you to this organization? 3.

the company decided to recruit from outside the organization. What are my prospects for advancement? If I do a good job. How does this position relate to the bottom line? 18.11. In your opinion. what is a logical next step? 14. Is there a structured career path at the company? 13. Assuming I was hired and performed well for a period of time. Can you give me a formal. What advice would you give to someone in my position? 19. Do the most successful people in the company tend to come from one area of the company. Can you please tell me a little bit about the people with whom I’ll be working most closely? . What major problems are we facing right now in this department or position? 20. 21. or do they rise from a cross section of functional areas? 16. Does this job usually lead to other positions in the company? Which ones? 22. How do you decide between recruiting from within and going outside? 17. I know that for the position for which I am interviewing. such as sales or engineering. what is the most important contribution that this company expects from its employees? 12. what additional opportunities might this job lead to? 15. written description of the position? I’m interested in reviewing in detail the major activities involved and what results are expected.

can u please. What can you tell me about the prevailing management style? 28. Renuka Padhi Said: April 16th. the duties are _______. I would report directly to __________. and the department is called ________. I . I am really depressed about hr interview. Does the company have a mission statement? May I see it? Does the company have a mission statement? May I see it? Categories: General | SAP Interview Questions . Can you talk about the company’s commitment to equal opportunity and diversity? 25. Is that right? 24.NET interview questions at Wipro | 93 Responses to “Questions to ask during HR interview” 1. 2005 12:04 pm Hi . give me some questins with answer. and how was their status determined? 26. If you hired me. As I understand the position. the title as ________. always I am come back home after hr interview. How are executives addressed by their subordinates? 27.23. Who are the company’s stars. what would be my first assignment? 29.

Cam u plz send asw of these 1.what do u like to be after 3 years 3. they hate this answer.what do u like to be after 3 years With regards Renuka padhi 2. 1. 2. 2005 8:32 am Hi. 3. sudhir Said: May 12th. Why do u looking for change. your ans could be… 1. . u can explore this word. Why do u looking for change. 2005 12:48 am It is realy good. Now I want to ask you only few question . Ranjit Kishor Verma (PRITHS) Said: June 5th. as far as i think. a) Groth and b) Money. you send me questions with answer. u need to be little bit honest about it. but dont stop here. 3.have gone through you hr questions . it’r really very good. what is the work of team leader. you can just say “for better prospect”. Why do u looking for change. 2. rest explanation is up to you. Hint : this is very common question. what is the work of team leader. like better prospect is composed of mainly two things viz.

2005 4:56 am . what is your weekness. 3. trade. always I am come back home after hr interview. 1. what will u do if u r not get selected in this interview.(in terms of technique or references). Now I want to ask you only few question . 3. bhuvana Said: June 25th. can u please. With regards Ash…. I have gone through you hr questions . I am really depressed about hr interview. ash Said: June 8th. a) Work distribution within his/her team. 2005 10:54 am Hi . and your Goal.2. it’r really very good. what is the work of team leader. c) providing backup if necessary. give me some questins with answer. 5. what’s motivates you.what do u like to be after 3 years The ans of this question is all upto your profile. b) Keeping track of work progress for every individual team members. you send me questions with answer. 4.. 2.

2005 3:45 am hi. Anasuya Said: July 1st. 2005 5:54 am Hi.”what is the gaurantee that u will continue in software industry and u may shift to ur back ground saying that u lost intrest in software ” . ould u plz answer my following questions? i)Tell me about urself? (What should it contain ? plz tell me serially…) ii)What do u want to change ur current job? (should my reason contain money?) iii)How do u start ur day in office? Thanks & Regards.hai could u plz help me how to answer this quetion 1. swetha Said: August 5th.”Y u shifted frm ur own back ground to software” and how should one convince the hr when he came up with the que like 2. Anasuya 7. 3.”How u fit for TCS” and “y TCS” 6. please tell me answers for the following questions which r being asked very frequently in hr interview: 1) tell about yourself 2) tell about your family .

3) what r ur strengths 4) what is ur weekness ofcourse not the exact ans but atleast wat are all the points to be included in them 8. lead a team. Ans : with your parents name and their job position if any. 3. college and then to your present qualification. confident. Then tell anything about your additional courses or achievements. 1. etc 4. 2. Tell me about your family. Tell me about yourself Ans : you should start up with your name. then school. optimistic. Tell me about your weakness. Tell me about your positive. Pradeep MN Said: August 19th. and wind up with if you have any sisters/brothers etc. loose patience when work is . 2005 9:33 am Hello Swetha… Before attending any interview you should be aware of few questions which are very much frequently asked(as you have mentioned. Ans : Being emotional.). Ans : Down-to-earth.

The tech interview was fine.. Abhishek Ranjan Said: September 26th. but the HR interview was on personal ego… the HR guy of satyam was a pissed person and it seemed that he was a big failure n life that reaally made me feel that he doesn’t had anything .com 9. 2005 8:47 am Hi. 2005 12:29 am can you tellme about answer for the following questions: 1)why i have to select you for our company? 2)what will u do if u r not get selected in this interview. Tommorow is my SAP LABS interview. hope to do best! Bye! Pradeep MN visit : http://www.itsnexgen..not done properly (this is ur weakness turned to strength!!) Never stretch too much. 10. ARUNKUMAR Said: September 1st.. be simple and straight forward! All the very best. I had recently faced an interview panel of Satyam Computers.

like a. what he tried to show was that i beg in front of him for a job which i didn’t do and so i was not selected. their major clients.for last 2years i am not working and doing MBA in HR . i have an experience of 5 years in customer care and marketing .now i want to join in HR . 11. preeti Said: October 13th. 2005 6:47 am hi i am preeti. i would like to know what kind of question they will ask me . . 2005 1:33 pm no company will allow you to ask questions and if such questions are asked its shows that u r interviewing both the interview and the HR and many companies do not tell the truth folks. ramesh Said: October 17th.to do with my technical abilities and cool and charming personality. and what is the answer for question like: 1) why are you changing your field when you alredy have 5 yr experience in Mkt. b. better to get know through ur friends who are already working or do lots of r&d about the company. 12.. how long its in market. i hope this is just an idea other wise HR people are the people wo care for you.

Touch ur heart and say me how many have been loyal to their company. After all ur work is not related to any of these above questions.c. Sanju 14. In case. you do not like something or you are sure that the interviewer is wrong somewhere then never point him and try to azvoid that situation. 2005 11:36 pm Hi All. Secondly. always try to look in to the eyes of the interviewer when talking to him. when you are employed then you can get to know the things on your own. partners/ channel partners. This includes even the CEOs etc… Think Think business is important but healthy one. It shows your level of confidence. 2005 4:00 pm . Regards. d. Abhishek Ranjan Said: November 13th. 13. ofcourse u need to keep in mind that company goals and mission are important. never argue with the interviewer. However. Sanju Said: October 17th. customer satisfaction index. Whenever you are sitting for interview.

the people with abilities and not do.what do u like to be after 3 years on top of the world. ** sudhir please do not repeat some help…. 2. i will again say that the interview process followed by these companies are not good and at time biased.Hi all. why u don’t know or what. Why do u looking for change.”Y u shifted frm ur own back ground to software” and how should one convince the hr when he came up with the que like –ans– why is it not allowed or what.nuts to fill the workspace. ** for Renuka padhi 1. i’m seeing a couple of questions moving around . 2. what is the work of team leader. so with your questions. hai could u plz help me how to answer this quetion 1.”what is the gaurantee that u will continue in software industry and u may shift to ur back ground saying that u lost . because change is inevitable. i feel that they should have a change in the overall selection procedure so that companies go back with the best brain. 3.

ramesh says. CTS.what else i’m left with rather than switching back to my own pitch. Kanbay. customer satisfaction index. Accenture. so can you tell me ramesh . Cognizant.. Tata Infotech. no company will allow you to ask questions and if such questions are asked its shows that u r interviewing both the interview and the HR and many companies do not tell the truth folks. b. 3. what is the guarantee that i’ll not be fired off. if i can ask these companies … Infosys.. Satyam. d. –ans– ok fine . or the company doesn’t close down forever and if you don’t pay me handsomely and show me growth . than i would have certainly asked you to give my offer letter as fast as you can. TCS… what kind of innovation do they have . i my say mattered . how long its in market. Wipro. Virtusa. like a.”How u fit for TCS” and “y TCS” –ans– thats for u to decide nut. partners/ channel partners. better to get know through ur friends who are already working or do lots of r&d about the company. their major clients. . Caritor. c.intrest in software ” .

always try to look in to the eyes of the interviewer when talking to him. thats it and u r done. when you are employed then you can get to know the things on your own. and yes the best tip. you do not like something or you are sure that the interviewer is wrong somewhere then never point him and try to azvoid that situation. 15.wipro.and especially what has satyam. when you in … think that you have the job just go inside hav fun talk around and ask for a salary hike . However. RUDRA RAJ JENA Said: December 26th. sumit Said: December 5th. MANY TIMES I HW FACED A . I HW FACED MANY INTERVIEWS 4 JUST 2 HW EXPERIENCE. Regards. cts have to do with innovation anyways.tcs . 2005 9:59 am HI ALL. Secondly. 2005 4:25 am Hi All. infy. 16. In case. never argue with the interviewer. It shows your level of confidence. Whenever you are sitting for interview.

it’r really very good. can u please.what do u like to be after 3 years my name is malik mehtab aziz send me this adress i really thanks you for this act of kindness . 1. 2. I have gone through you hr questions . malik mehtab aziz Said: January 8th. always I am come back home after hr interview. 17. 2006 10:35 pm Hi . SEND ME ANSWER OF THESE QUESTIONS. Why do u looking for change.WHAT DA WORK OF TEAM LEADER? THANKING U. 1. Now I want to ask you only few question . MY ANSWER 2 THEM IS THAT MBA IS MY INTERREST AREA SO PERFER 4 THAT . I am really depressed about hr interview. SO KINDLY HELP ME 2 ANSWER ALL THESE QUESTIONS. what is the work of team leader.TYPICAL ? THAT (WHY U PERFER 2 DO MBA.WHY U WANT 2 PURSUE MBA WHY NOT ANY OTHER LINE? 2. give me some questins with answer. 3. you send me questions with answer.HOW DO U PROPOSE TO COMPENSATE UR LACK OF EXPERIENCE? 3. BUT MOST OF INTERVIEWER R NOT SATISFIED WITH THAT ANSWER.

why not devlopment 6)what field would u choose if software testing would not be in existance 7)why u want to move to testing from teaching. . 2006 5:39 am 1) tell about yourself 2) tell about your family 3) what r ur strengths 4) what is ur weekness 5) Why software testing. 8)as a fresher what is ur expected salary) 9)if another company pay u more. then should we mention those points that affacts the concern company or not.when our weakness is asked. Hemang Shah Said: February 13th.u will leave this company? 10)why this company? 19.malik mehtab aziz post office shadman colont(wanda mochiawala) d i khan(nwfp)pakistan 18. 2006 9:23 am 1.WHY U WANT 2 PURSUE MBA WHY NOT ANY OTHER LINE? 20. aruna meshram Said: January 14th. jitendra sharma Said: April 4th. 2006 5:07 pm my question is.

21.l&t.? why do u wanna join our company? where do u c urself after 5 yrs? wat qualiteis a good team leader should have? i am doin engg . what’s motivates you. 2006 1:25 am hi i would like to know answer for the most common question which would an interviewer ask’s for the marketing and sales job 1. . dharmendra raninga Said: April 19th. what is your weekness. 2006 3:50 am 1.hv been rejected in tcs.aztec so plz help me out? mail me the ans at my email id plz 22. pavan Said: April 13th. what motivates you? 23. 2. what will u do if u r not get selected in this interview. kunal Said: April 5th. 2006 12:39 pm i m bein rejected thrice in only hr interview so wanna know the ans tell me ur strength n wickness? abt ur self/? why should we take u. 3.

technical INterview. The possible reason as I think could be qustion over my INterest in Music. 2006 3:50 am hi to all.I had been preparing for HR interviews.I can play any instrument. 2006 8:30 am hello everybody… After being rejected by TCS & MBT. technical written. present i have been working in a marketing executive and i want to shift to my carrier to insurance that’s why i attend couple of interviews they asked 1.you have 2 years of experence in marketing so u have to growth in that company based on experence then why do u what to change that organisation? how will give answeres for those questins 25. mallikarjun Said: June 4th. But this time after clearing 4 rounds (out of 6)of Avaya India Ltd. apti.why did u what to shift from your company to insurance? 2. He asked me “why u dont choose music as a profession ?” & I said Iam not classically sound.. & finally MR.. Iam rejected in HR round(5th one). including HR.24. HIs . what do u know about insurance? 3. Abhishek Gupta Said: June 9th. I have attend couple of interviews. HR.

. Gopala Krishna Said: June 23rd.” Can u tell me wat could be the possible reason for my rejection as far as this question is concerned? One thing more…HE asked my strengths & I told”consistency & my urge to perform better & better.” Is threr any contradiciton between these two? I showed him the reason for my second strength. Plz clear my confusion. with regards abhishek gupta 26. 2006 4:49 am Dear Abhishek. But later on I was busy with my project in 7th sem & couldnt get time to learn it.For example everyone is interested in listening to music but .that could help me in further interviews.next fire was “why not learned classical music ?” I replied-”I came t know this at the end of 6th sem that to be a professional classical music is must. We can live happily if me make our carrer in things in which we are passionate for.Becuase u said music was ur hobby not a passion. About what u asked I feel that u didnot answer it properly. I read ur mail and I am sorry for ur not making in ur interview.hey boy cheer up best is at to come.

Gopala Krishna Said: June 23rd. the work of team is leader is see that the work is goin on according to schedule. Thats I am wanna say u my friend. About our weakness and strenghts u must be true and honest.support them. 1. u can say I am changing for improvement and to face more challenges then what is in my present job or field 2.No matter in whatever position u enter u will be new to the .what do u like to be after 3 years This is the questions which tell how much well prepared ur and how much planning u do. 2006 5:01 am Dear Renuka.U used the word better and better did u explained it to him.He must also inform to his higher officials abt the work and workers. I saw ur mail and I am saying what I feel I hope this will help u.encourage them.I hope it will help u 27. Add some more like this from technical point of view 3.everyone cant be become a musician since its there interest not a passion.He must take care of people working under him. Why do u looking for change. what is the work of team leader.

We need more experienced person for so 7 so post. 28.so. Do you think you are perfect for this post? REGARDS R. 2. ARora 29. i want some HR question which i faced in every interview and which put me in great problem always. Well friends I have certain questions what really irretates me. Why we should recruit you. prateek singh Said: July 14th. What you have that other dont have. 2006 1:22 pm hi. plz send me ans.So probably from three years from now I would like to be TEAM LEADER. 3.Then gradually earn my experience and increase my knowlegde and the importance of mine to the organization.. 1. of this question. . 2006 3:36 am Hello.So first of all I would like to be liked and permanent employee. raman Said: July 13th. 4. Please give me the answers if you have…. Why u wanna shift your job if you are getting good money over there.compnany.

Then probably Team leader.Project Manager…so and probably one day I end up as key important decision maker. 2006 8:57 pm . The answers abt ur questions I feel 1)career expectations……to this never give answer such as to be in top most position directly at the beginning. 2) why u like to join our company. 30.So do alot of research(which u can get by visiting there website) and then tell how the company may be in according to ur objectives and goals.Project Leader .Mainthing tell what and how u can be useful aspect to the company 31. the HR person will test abt ur future ideas.So tell something like I would be joining the company as fresher so I expect to earn some nice experience and become a permanent employee and increase my importance in the company. 2006 10:15 am Dear Parteek. malik mehtab aziz Said: July 15th.Eventhough everyone wanna be that.1) career expectation. Gopala Krishna Said: July 15th. 2)Why u wanna join our company…this tells how much research u have done abt the company.

komal Said: August 1st. I read ur questions its really helpful. Why u wanna shift your job if you are getting good money over there. 4. technical was cleared . 2. how are you Well friends I have certain questions what really irretates me.. What you have that other dont have. What contains in HR? / What is Hr exactly? 2. 3. What are the duties of HR person should perform? rgds komal 33. We need more experienced person for so 7 so post.hi. 2006 3:34 am hi. 1. Why we should recruit you. 2006 3:17 am hi i appeared for satyam interview. 1. kuldeep sharma Said: August 28th. Do you think you are perfect for this post? REGARDS malik mehtab aziz 32. Hope u will help. Some queries I want to ask u for which I want Exact answers. What are the qualities the HR person should have? 3. Please give me the answers if you have….

plz help meInterviewer always ask me these question:1. it will show that you don’t know much about the company you are applying to and furthermore it shows you have not thought hard about applying to that company. Tell me about urself? . Some of them do make sense in asking but most of them should not be asked to the HR person. coolnesh Said: September 18th. 34.05%.Then my hr round were there. i give answer that after XII i appeared for Army Exam because my ainm was to become an army officer on 2nd round i cleared my Interview but on physical round i was rejected then i prepred fopr The second best for me that is My Engineering and cleared exam and also completed within 4 years with 70. 2006 3:53 pm I believe most of the questions mentioned above will show your incompetence if asked to the HR person. Please do your own research thoroughly and you will be able to answer most of these questions. so i wana to know that what will be the result. Amit Said: September 21st. 35. 2006 1:58 pm hi all. rest interview was excellent they told me that they will inform me in 7 days. they asked me about my 3 yeras Gap betn education .

Why do you want this job? 4. Why should we employ you? 36. PRANAY Said: September 23rd.2. What qualities do you think will be required for this job? 5. My problem is that:1. 2006 2:18 am 1. Tell me ur memorable day? 3. 2006 5:52 am hello sir/mam I have faced some interviews. What do you know about this company? 6. What can we (the new company) offer that your previous company cannot offer? 7. 2006 6:28 am hello. why you want to join this company. gopal Said: September 23rd.sir/madam. why should we hire you? 38. Can you describe the work environment here? 4. I have some problem for HR ROUND Because i do not know some question’s answer . Why do you enjoy working for this company? 2. How do you describe the philosophy of the company or organization? 37. sheeba Said: September 23rd. 2. What attracted you to this organization? 3. question’s are 1:-why do you want join our company? .

2006 1:41 pm hi …every body plz help me in getting answers for the following HR questions Tell me about urself? Tell me about your positive what’s your weekness? why should we hire you? . naresh Said: September 27th. kpo? 4:-how to improve my communication and conversation? 5:-what’s the main contains of any topic? 39. radhika Said: October 14th. 2006 6:28 am Its a very commom question… Where do u see urself after 3 years from now? 41. 2006 12:14 am hi …every body plz help me in getting answers for the following HR questions Tell me about urself? Tell me about your positive what’s your weekness? why should we hire you? 40. Chandini Said: October 3rd.2:-what’s your weekness? 3:-what is the work of bpo.

why should we hire you? Where do u see urself after 3 years from now? 42.MOTIVATED AND COORDINATED OR CO-OPERATIVE IN NATURE ETC.THAT’S WHY I THINK I AM FIT FOR THE SAID POSITION. Harminder Pal Singh Said: October 28th.” YOU CAN ADD MORE LIKE YOU ARE GO-GETTER. 2006 7:51 am HI FRIENDS.why you want to join this company. THESE SKILLS WILL HELP YOU! ALSO IF HE ASKS YOU THAT WHAT IS YOUR WEAKNESS THEN ANSWER IN SUCH A WAY . WHENEVER ANY INTERVIEWER ASKS YOU THAT WHY SHOULD WE HIRE YOU THEN SIMPLY SAY’”AS I HAVE DESIRED QUALIFICATIONS AND EXPERIENCE AND MOREOVER I AM very CONFIDENT TO DO SAID WORK AND HARDWORKER ENOUGH. gomathi Said: October 15th. 2006 11:32 pm hi …every body plz help me in getting answers for the following HR questions Tell me about urself? Tell me about your positive what’s your weekness? why should we hire you? 43.

” I AM VERY IMPATIENT IN NATURE AND VERY CRITICAL ABOUT MYSELF.THAT IT BECOMES YOUR STRENGTH i.co. 45. . goldy_gold_goldy@yahoo.WHENEVER ANY WORK GOES WRONG BY ME I CRITICE MYSELF AND DO AGAIN UNTIL IT COMPLETES!” YOU CAN ADD MORE BY TAKING ANY HINT FROM THIS LINE. Plz send me the appropriate answer.So really i m depressed.e. 2006 3:52 am HI all I have clear the technical round in many company. Qus:1.but don’t clear the the HR round. Ajit.tell me about yourself? 2.Expeted salary? 5. TAKE CARE FOLKS. Ajit Kumar Jha Said: October 29th. 2006 5:50 am Hi Mr.Why you want to change ur company? 3.why u want to join our company? 4. Harminder Pal Singh Said: October 31st.in 44.Family Background? and so on………….

Sometimes i was under pressure when i had to solve my problem from my colleagues.” Sir myself____ and i have done graduation from____ (More Education. never speak about your family until it asks! Again if question is why u want a change then simply say. you can add)and i have____years vast or strong experience in the area of marketing/HR/Finance with___company. I can change myself according to time! That’s all about me.” Look these lines show your carefullness towards that company!! Your answer should be there in that question in which it is asked that why u wanna to change your company and that is. My big achievement is____ in this company (If you have any).” Sir As i think in my previous company all is well there but still i was feeling that there was lack of coordination. I am a go-getter and co-operative in nature.e. Just for better prospectus and growth and moreover i want to be mentally strong by working with your esteemed company as i think your company will provide enough help to me to tackel the challenges which are necessary for the growth of any company as well as for their employee. Tell me about yourself then dear start like this.Please need not to be afraid of such type of questions. sir!” Look these lines shows your capabilities and strenghts and too much! But please dear.” But .” Sir. The interviewer is just like normal human being and will not eat you dear! Have confidence in yourself and if he ask you such type of question i. I am a good listener and hard worker also! I can perform very well also in stiff conditions. I believe in this that Never say die spirit.

in . It will give false impression about yourself. I think everyone can give this answer immidiately and you also can!!! You should be attentive.presentative and always in formal dress in any interview! Take care and wishing you all the very best! Regards Harminder Pal Singh goldy_gold_goldy@yahoo.” Sir as per company norms!” But if again this question he asks then simply say. And in expected salary’s qestion. if you are drawing Rs. Then it can be negotiated! Dear.” Sir look i was drawing Rs—.co. then it is easy. You should be already prepare yourself by taking the help of your friend or by taking help of any member of your family. For eg. and about your family. then you should say in between 8000-12000.8000/. He immidiately changes your attention from that question and asks you that question in such an easy way that you don’t feel hesitation and give anser so easily!!!! Dear.dear please never-3 criticise your previous employer.Per month and hence it should be more than that or it should be in this criteria. Need not to be afraid of such type of questions. Or you can prepare yourself by standing in front of mirror! HR person is very sweet in nature and helps you many times when he looks that you are feeling nervous on any question. your first answer should be.per month.

never speak about your family until it asks! Again if question is why u want a change then simply say.46. Tell me about yourself then dear start like this. Just for better prospectus and growth and moreover i want to be mentally strong by working with your esteemed company as i think your company will provide enough help to me to tackel the challenges which are necessary for the growth of any company as well as for their employee. I am a good listener and hard worker also! I can perform very well also in stiff conditions. I am a go-getter and co-operative in nature. Ajit. Harminder Pal Singh Said: October 31st. 2006 6:11 am Hi Mr. My big achievement is____ in this company (If you have any). you can add)and i have____years vast or strong experience in the area of marketing/HR/Finance with___company. Please need not to be afraid of such type of questions. I believe in this that Never say die spirit.” Look these lines show your carefullness towards that company!! Your answer should be there in that question in which it is asked that why u wanna to change your company .” Sir. I can change myself according to time! That’s all about me. sir!” Look these lines shows your capabilities and strenghts and too much! But please dear. The interviewer is just like normal human being! Have confidence in yourself and if he ask you such type of question i.” Sir myself____ and i have done graduation from____ (More Education.e.

per month.about your family.” Sir as per company norms!” But if again this question he asks then simply say. if you are drawing Rs.” Sir As i think in my previous company all is well there but still i was feeling that there was lack of co-ordination.presentative and always in formal dress in any interview! Take care and wishing you all the very best! . your first answer should be. then it is easy.You should be already prepare yourself by taking the help of your friend or by taking help of any member of your family. then you should say in between 8000-12000. Sometimes i was under pressure when i had to solve my problem from my colleagues.and that is.” Sir look i was drawing Rs—. For eg. I think everyone can give this answer immidiately and you also can!!! You should be attentive. Then it can be negotiated! Dear.Per month and hence it should be more than that or it should be in this criteria.” But dear please never-3 criticise your previous employer. He immidiately changes your attention from that question and asks you that question in such an easy way that you don’t feel hesitation and give anser so easily!!!! Dear. Or you can prepare yourself by standing in front of mirror! HR person is very sweet in nature and helps you many times when he looks that you are feeling nervous on any question. It will give false impression about yourself.8000/. And in expected salary’s qestion.

Is it advisable to change my job just on the basis of seeing my monthly take home salary? Or if really Basic and Gross Salary does matter.Regards Harminder Pal Singh goldy_gold_goldy@yahoo. Jaydeep Mukhopadhyay Said: October 31st. 2006 5:34 pm I had a negotiation of my salary recently with one HRperson of a reputed company. But they are offering a pay structure wherein my Basic Salary and PF deduction is getting reduced.in 47. Although. He was agreed to pay me close to what I asked. 2006 6:49 am HI JAYDEEP.co. HOW ARE YOU DEAR? FIRSTLY I JUST WANT TO TELL YOU THAT I AM ALSO AN HR PERSON! NOW DEAR IF YOU ARE THINKING THAT YOU SHOULD CHANGE YOUR PRESENT JOB ON THE BASIS OF SALARY STRUCTURE THEN I MUST SUGGEST YOU ONE THING— IF YOU THINK THAT IT IS A GOOD PACKAGE THEN . Harminder Pal Singh Said: November 1st. 48. it fulfills my desired monthly salary as they are offering Large amount of variable Pay.

IT IS A BIG MISTAKE IF WE ARE CHANGING OUR JOB JUST ON THE ISSUE OF SALARY! JUST TELL ME DEAR. TRUSTWORTHINESS OF THE COMPANY.YOU SHOULD ACCEPT THIS BUT BUT BUT BUT FIRSTLY YOU SHOULD COMPARE ALL OTHER THINGS i. DON’T HAVE YOU FAITH UPON YOURSELF??? IF YOU DO WELL IN YOUR PRESENT JOB THEN I AM SURE YOU WILL GET DOUBLE IN YOUR PRESENT JOB!! AM I WRONG???!!! LET WE ADMIT THAT YOU ARE NOT GETTING MUCH AFTER YOUR HARD WORK OVER THERE EVEN AFTER SO MANY YEARS.e. HUMMMM!!!! BUT TO ME. YOU MUST HAVE SOME KNOWLEDGE OF YOUR NEW EMPLOYER BY TAKING HELP OF ANY CLOSE FRIEND OR ANY EMPLOYEE (WHO IS YOUR CLOSE) OF THAT COMPANY OR BY SECURITY GUARD JUST FOR HIS/HER BEHAVIOUR WITH OTHER EMPLOYEES ( IT IS VERY COMPULSORY )!!! ALSO GET SOME MORE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT CONDITIONS OF WORK OR ENVIRONMENT OVER THERE ‘COZ IT MAY HELP YOU IN CHOOSING RIGHT OPPORTUNITY. THEN IN THIS CASE YOU ARE FREE AND YOU MUST TAKE ANY STEP!!! BUT TO ME IT IS NOT A WISE ACT UNTIL YOU COMPARE ALL OTHER THINGS TOO!! . SERVICES OF THE COMPANY.

2006 5:56 am Would you please tell me about HR Question. venkatreddy Said: November 23rd.in 49. Viral Patel Said: November 11th.BASIC AND GROSS SALARY DOES NOT MATTER OFTENLY!!! THIS REALLY MATTERS HOW MUCH CONSCIOUS YOU ARE IN CHOOSING RIGHT PLACE AND RIGHT OPPORTUNITY!!! BEST WISHES DEAR! HARMINDER PAL SINGH goldy_gold_goldy@yahoo.co. 1) What experience do you have working within Service Level Agreement? 2)What are the component of ICT Service team that ensure the effective delivery of Customer focused Service ? 3)How could You automate Hardware Audit? 4)How have you Contribute to ensure the service level agreement has been achieved? 50 Can you give one example of How you have contributed to such an approach in an ICT Team ? 50. 2006 12:11 pm hi! Im facing trouble with HR interview questions given below .

tell me about ur self? why r u leaving ur current position? wht abt ur strengths? wht abt ur weaknesses? wh r u changing ur present location?(I mean im living in hyd they ask for noida) kindly give me the proper solutions to me 51. 2006 4:54 am hi! Im facing trouble with HR interview questions given below tell me about ur self? why r u leaving ur current position? . i have completed my CA FINAL GR. bharath reddy Said: November 24th.1 1. give me answwrs immediately i want answers pl. do u intend to undertake study further ? 52. 2006 7:53 am pl. tell about a major problem u have recently handled? how did u resolved it ? 4. GIVE AN example of one of your best achievements at work. 3.2. WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF gR. Nikul Patel Said: December 15th.what influenced u to follow this career path ? 2.

2006 2:10 am HI all I was given 1 interview to HR in Telenor Pakistan. Ahad Said: December 28th.so that i can know better.Please send me answers to the below questions Tell me about yourself? Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself? What is your greatest strength? What is your greatest weakness? Why do you want this position?” Why do you want to leave your current job? (Why did you leave your last job?) How do you handle stressful situations? What is the toughest problem you’ve had to face. 2006 2:46 am Hi Your questions are really nice. kishore Said: December 21st.wht abt ur strengths? wht abt ur weaknesses? wh r u changing ur present location?(I mean im living in hyd they ask for noida) kindly give me the proper solutions to me 53.Please can u answer it to all the questions. and how did you overcome it? Why do you want this position? Why are you the best person for this job? 54. .

2007 9:13 am Hi I have done my MBA in HR.and call me for another interview so i am really looking for the following… Qus:1. Manish Bhatia Said: February 2nd. Neeta Varghese Said: January 24th.so that i can know better.tell me about yourself? 2.why u want to join our company? 4.I faced problems in certain questions which r given below 1)Why did u opt for MBA after doing ur BCOM? 2)What is ur worst incident in life? 3)What is ur best incident in life? 56.Please send me answers to the below questions Tell me about yourself? Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself? .Today i went for an interview for IT Recruiter.Why you want to change ur company? 3.Expeted salary? 5. 2007 8:52 am Hi Please can u answer it to all the questions. 55.Family Background? and so on………….

praveen Said: February 12th. 2007 7:24 am hi. please tell me answers for the following questions which r being asked very frequently in hr interview: tell about yourself tell about your family what r ur strengths what is ur weekness Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself? What is your greatest strength? What is your greatest weakness? Why do you want this position?” Why do you want this position? Why are you the best person for this job? .What is your greatest strength? What is your greatest weakness? Why do you want this position?” Why do you want to leave your current job? (Why did you leave your last job?) How do you handle stressful situations? What is the toughest problem you’ve had to face. and how did you overcome it? Why do you want this position? Why are you the best person for this job? Where do u want to see yourself after 5 years? How long will u stay? Thanks 57.

Where do u want to see yourself after 5 years? How long will u stay? 58. and how did you overcome it? Where do u want to see yourself after 5 years? why do you want to join us? What is ur worst incident in life? What is ur best incident in life? plz also send me some interview questions with answers which basiclly ask in bpo interviews? .brother? define urself in a simgle sentence? Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself? Why do you want this position?” Why do you want this position? Why are you the best person for this job? What is the toughest problem you’ve had to face.plz tell me the answer of the following questions? Why do you enjoy working for this company? What attracted you to this organization? tell about your family tell abut ur friend? tell about any incident? tell the story of any movie? tell about ur mothr. 2007 2:10 am hi.father. i want to know about the questions of interview of bpo companies. rohit garg Said: February 17th. on 21 feb i will give an interview of bpo company.

2007.tell me about yourself? 2. susmita 21. susmita sengupta Said: February 21st. Altaf Said: February 23rd.pls send me urgent.07 60. 2007 10:55 am pls tell me how 2 face this type of questions1)what are ur greatest weakness? 2)why do u want 2 join IT company as u r a student of electronics? 3)where do u see yourself after 5 years from now? 4)describe ur ideal company location & job? 5)what r ur career options rigth now? 6)what is ur hobby? pls pls send the answers 2 my email as my interview will start on 28th FEB.why u want to join our company? 6.02.Why you want to change ur company? 3. Why we should recruit you.why u want 4)where do u see yourself after 5 years from now? to join our company? 5.from: rohit garg 59. 7) what r ur strengths . 2007 7:57 am Qus:1.

2007 5:37 am i want to know about the questions of interview of MNC companies.brother? define urself in a simgle sentence? Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself? Why do you want this position? Why are you the best person for this job? What is the toughest problem you’ve had to face. 61. Sachin Said: February 26th.father.plz tell me the answer of the following questions? Why do you enjoy working for this company? What attracted you to this organization? tell about your family tell about any incident? tell about ur mothr.8) what is ur weekness 9) what will u do if u r not get selected in this interview. and how did you overcome it? Where do u want to see yourself after 5 years? why do you want to join us? What is ur worst incident in life? What is ur best incident in life? What r ur strength What r ur weakness plz also send me some interview questions with answers which basiclly ask in interviews? .

plz tell me the answer of the following questions? Why do you enjoy working for this company? What attracted you to this organization? tell about your family tell about any incident? tell about ur mothr. plz help meInterviewer always ask me these question:- . sriram Said: March 6th. 2007 9:04 am hi all. and how did you overcome it? Where do u want to see yourself after 5 years? why do you want to join us? What is ur worst incident in life? What is ur best incident in life? What r ur strength What r ur weakness plz also send me some interview questions with answers which basiclly ask in interviews? 63. Sachin Said: February 27th.brother? define urself in a simgle sentence? Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself? Why do you want this position? Why are you the best person for this job? What is the toughest problem you’ve had to face. 2007 12:16 am i want to know about the questions of interview of MNC companies.62.father.

What qualities do you think will be required for this job? 5.1. Poonam Agarwal Said: March 10th. What do you know about this company? 6. What can we (the new company) offer that your previous company cannot offer? 7. and how did you overcome Why are you the best person for this job? what influenced u to follow this career path ? GIVE AN example of one of your best achievements at work. Tell me about urself? 2. 2007 9:25 am define urself in a simgle sentence? describe ur ideal company location & job? Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself How do you handle stressful situations? What is the toughest problem you’ve had to face. Tell me ur memorable day? 3. Why should we employ you 64. Why do you want this job? 4. do u intend to undertake study further? Can you describe the work environment here? How do you describe the philosophy of the company or organization? Tell me ur memorable day? What qualities do you think will be required for this job? .

and how did you overcome it? 66.Sc computers and now searching for thr job . 2007 9:40 am hi i have completed my B.WHY U WANT 2 PURSUE MBA WHY NOT ANY OTHER LINE? 65. please tell me answers for the following questions which r being asked very frequently in hr interview: tell about yourself tell about your family what r ur strengths what is ur weekness . 2007 7:46 am hi. 2 tell me about ur self 3 Why do you want this job? 4 What qualities do you think will be required for this job? 5 What do you know about this company? 6 What is the toughest problem you’ve had to face. arshad baba Said: March 15th. vijayalaxmi Said: March 11th.sinse i have attended one companys the questions they asked me i was very much feared and was not able to ans so plz guide 1 why i should hire u for this company.actually iam fresher and dont have any idea about the hr interviews questions so plz suggest me how to face it.

what u know about our company ? 3. Tell me about your self ? 2. Waht is your salary expectation ? 5. What is the Goal of your life ? 68. Why you want to join our organisation ? 3. if we reject u how can u feel ? .Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself? What is your greatest strength? What is your greatest weakness? Why do you want this position?” Why do you want this position? Why are you the best person for this job? Where do u want to see yourself after 5 years? How long will u stay? 67. prasanth Said: March 22nd. 2007 11:13 am can u plz advise me how to answer these followed question:1. After 3 year’s where you will find ? 7. What you know about this company ? 4. asadkhan Said: March 16th. why u leave ur current job ? 4. 2007 4:20 am 1. Why you left the previous job ? 6. what u know about bpo? 2.

and then speak how good u are fit for the position and finally conclude that based on these reasons. raj Said: March 24th.best source is website.dont tell i had decided to join this company…say i wish.69. If ur an experience one then ask 30+% hike. 2007 12:20 am Why you want to join our organisation ? This is a common question. bu dont be harsh.first tell ur expected salary and after that say i dont have issues. raj Said: March 24th.if ur not able to compramise try to explain y u expect so much.the reasons should be genuin.but tell him its Negotiable. .actually it depends on the situation.Talk in a Polite way.talk abt the challenging projects and services made by the company.according to the policy of the comapny u may decide. 2007 12:26 am Waht is your salary expectation ? This is an easy question. 70. You have to start that you know abt the company from many years.if its a bit older one and then u have to talk abt the recognition in the world for the company.I wish to join this company.My best advise is that before goign to the interview you have to get some knowledge abt the company. If ur a fresher.and some points wat u like in this company.

What makes you to attend this interview? 2. i didnt get the pormotions or they didnt Recognized my work etc 3. Dont talk I used to get a very less salary. 2. r u married? if yes how will you cope up ur family and ur job? 3. 1.I also found that I have a good aptitute in this area. what is your basic strength in career? 4.During these perion I achived this and this. raj Said: March 24th.culture etc.So this interst made me to leave the previous company. 2007 7:59 am help me for these questions? 1. 72.Dont talk . 2007 12:44 am First I will let you know wat not to speak.mean while I came across abt this and found this is very intersting.Dont speak any thing Negatively abt the previous company.no projects etc WAT TO TALK: I worked form this to this date. Vaidya Said: March 25th.On this background I decided to have a change in my career path. (If ur chainging the platform) then u have to speak.71.I mean abt the policies. How you will achieve and what you do to achieve? . I relaised that good future growth was not possible.

2007 12:45 am Hi Vidhya 1. What makes you to attend this interview? You can give simple answers like. what is your basic strength in career? U can say my knowledge.so I had attended this interview.these are my strengths which is very needful for this career.73. 2007 2:07 am . 2007 2:01 am 2. raj Said: March 26th.I can say I am fit for this position. raj Said: March 27th.my experience and my logical thinking is my strengths.the requirement of this job is quite matching to my experience and qualifications.For me its very easy. raj Said: March 27th. raj Said: March 27th.As I have this much exp. 76. 74. 75. 2007 2:04 am 3.I am a smart worker: I think logically when a problem occurs. r u married? if yes how will you cope up ur family and ur job? U can answer it as I am a good time manager.I do every work with a plan and this will help me automatically schedule time for my family responsibilities and for the job responsibilities.

but u can say like this …first i will analyze the issue. ankit Said: March 27th.4.in this way i will achive 77. How you will achieve and what you do to achieve? I couldnt get this question.explain me clearly…. 2007 3:20 am Dear Friends. this is raj…if u get the exact answers please reply to continue 78. I am a Recruiter & HR. 2007 3:25 am pls sned me the ans of hr interwies like why we should appoint u? wht motivates u for this job? Why do you enjoy working for this company? What attracted you to this organization? Can you describe the work environment here? 79. 2007 2:08 am hi guys. .then i will find out where is the wronge and then i will find out wat is wronge and then i will try to get wat matches for it to get the exact resultas and if i conclude it can work then i will fit that one and i will solve. raj Said: March 27th. Chaitanya Said: April 1st.

QUESTION YOUR SELF. DO HOME WORK BY YOUR SELF. 80. Elias lobo Said: April 21st. 2007 8:24 am . But answers are not COMMON. NEVER LOOSE YOUR TEMPER IN SUCH CASES. NO Need to ask some-one for these type of questions. if you hurt his ego.vary from person to person. Sukriti Singha Roy Said: April 7th. Q>What is your Long term & Short term goal? Q>How you help our company to greater prospect? 81. NO HR will hire you. Most of the interviewers showing their attitudes and trying to put the person in trouble just to show his upperhand and just for buildup. SIT ALONE IN A CLOSED ROOM. they are supposed to be.I am a B-TECH student and I want to establish my profesional life in Software Company. All the questions that are posted above are very common in HR interview. 2007 5:11 am Please tell me few HR Question.Few of my impressions and experiences…. Unfortunately the HR Interviews are not happening in the way. YOU WILL GET ANSWERS FOR ALL THESE QUESTIONS.

I HAVE ATTEND MANY INTERVIEWS RESENTLY FOR BPO. .i fail during these question 1)why did u choose hr and not other fields 2)why did u choose mpm and not mba(HR) 3)Why did u opt for MPM after doing ur BCOM? 82. ayushi Said: April 29th. whenever i go for the interview. 2007 12:33 am pls sned me the ans of hr interwies like why we should appoint u? wht motivates u for this job? Why do you enjoy working for this company? What attracted you to this organization? Can you describe the work environment here? 83. i’m going to complete my mpm last semster. CHANDS Said: April 30th. I AM CHANDS FROM AHMEDABAD. whenever i face my interviwer.I HAVE PROBLEM THAT I CAN GIVE THE ANSWER OF ANY QUESTIONS ESAILY BUT I CAN’T GIVE THE PERFECT OR QUALITY ANS SO PLS GIVE ME A QUALITY ANS OF MY QUESTIONS…….Hi guys. 2007 6:52 am HI. I do need clarifications from the hr expert for the following Question.

How do you feel about the working hours from 9 to 5? 12. Why should we hire you? 14. Lot of companies is recruiting but why did you select this company? 20. Where would you like to be after five years? 10. graduation. When asked about you:Name. What type of job you expect? 18. Name of at least ten software companies. Do you know your greatest weakness? 4. Can you name at least 3 fields of employment into which you may fit? 7. I normally like to ______________ on Sundays (please enter your 13. Do you know your greatest strength? 3. Can you name your work activities you do most well and most enjoy? 5. Do you have questions to ask? (Ask a sensible question) 21. 2 personal and technical strengths. 5 job skills and abilities you have? 6. Difference between goal and ambition? 2. 19. What will you if you don’t get the job? 16. 8. What are the steps that you will take for the development of the company? 17. Salary you expect? 9.MY QUESTION IS BELOVE… 1. How do you react to a critical situation? (Explain a situation) . What will you do if any other company calls you? 15. What do you dislike about the college you studied? 11.

Describe a difficult situation you have to handle? 24. What is the advantage of the team work? 29. Sourav Said: May 29th. 2007 9:18 pm Hi. Why have you chosen to apply for this company? 25. How do you feel about responsibility? 32.22. What role do you tend to take in a company? 28. I am working with a BPO and will shortly be giving an interview for a promotion. How do you feel about being told that you are doing something wrong? 35. How would you describe yourself? 26. Just wanna know: . what will you do? 33. What do you think you will bring to this job? 23. 84. How do you feel working under pressure? I HOPE HERE POSITIVE AND PROMT REPLAY FROM UR SIDE. When do you think a team fails? 30. Are you a leader? 34. How do you think our company competes with is competitor? 27. How do you get on with different kinds of people? 31. How many hours a week you want to work? 37. How long do you want to stay with us? 36. If in a group there is no in charge.

Do you know your greatest strength? 7. What will you do if any other company calls you? 9.1)Why should we make you a Team Leader 2)What changes / benefits will you make / provide to the organisation if you are selected as a Team Leader. 6. What will you if you don’t get the job? 10. setty Said: June 14th. Do you know your greatest weakness?13.How do you feel about the working hours from 10pm to 6am(night shift)? 86. 85. Why should we hire you? 8.Family Background? and so on………….Why you want to change ur company? 3.tell me about yourself? 2.What are the steps that you will take for the development of the company? 2. 2007 12:41 am the questions are really good can u give me answers for the following questions 1. Why should we hire you? . 2007 3:50 am 1.Expeted salary? 5.why u want to join our company? 4. What are the steps that you will take for the development of the company? 11. What type of job you expect?13. gs rajesh Said: June 1st.

What are the steps that you will take for the development of the company? 20.cau u sugest me how i prepird of this i want to know about the questions of interview of bpo companies. What type of job you expect? 87. the best site I used for HR related situations: http://humanresources. What are the steps that you will take for the development of the company? 15. today 6 july 2007 i have given an interview of bpo.about. 2007 7:43 am respected sir. What will you do if any other company calls you? 13.plz tell me the answer of the following questions? Why do you enjoy working for this company? What attracted you to this organization? tell about your family tell abut ur friend? . What will you if you don’t get the job? 14.i am disqualified in first round. What will you do if any other company calls you? 18. 2007 11:50 am By far.12. What will you if you don’t get the job? 19.com/ 88. neha choudhary Said: July 6th. Why should we hire you? 17. What type of job you expect? 16. Vin Said: June 18th.

Why you want to join our organisation ? 3.what is ur weekness 90.what r ur strengths 6. 2007 2:58 pm 1. Waht is your salary expectation ? 5.Tell me about your self ? 2. Rupal Said: July 25th.tell about any incident? tell the story of any movie? tell about ur mothr. and how did you overcome it? Where do u want to see yourself after 5 years? why do you want to join us? What is ur worst incident in life? What is ur best incident in life? plz also send me some interview questions with answers which basiclly ask in bpo interviews? from: neha choudhary 89.brother? define urself in a simgle sentence? Which adjectives would you use to describe yourself? Why do you want this position? Why are you the best person for this job? What is the toughest problem you’ve had to face. What you know about this company ? 4.father. 2007 7:52 am . sanjay Said: July 24th.

I am Rupal working since 9 years as receptionist & computer operator in medical field in 4 different organisation. . smile on face.Can u pls guide me how to improve the english as well as american ascent. He took my interview at least 20 to 25 minutes. Now I would like to work in office line but at the time of interview many of them asking me why u want to change the field. At the time interview I have very good confidence. interested in IT field. polite.Respected Sir. But i think they are not satisfied with these answers. 2) I shown my interest in IT field so he is insecure to appoint me bcoz then i will be quiting this job anytime inshort there is no long term profile with the company. starting small clinics to now in hospital. As per the Interviewer I have 2 negative points.g for good opportunity. Hi. Give me some guidelines to improve interview skills. Thanking you. I have given many answers e. improvement. 1) Language : American Ascent? —. Recently i had interview in IT company.

what is your objective in your life 93. nitin sharma Said: August 13th.tell me about yourself? 2.Family Background? .why u want to join our company? 4.Yours sincerely. 2007 2:44 am the questions are really good can u give me answers for the following questions 1. 2007 11:00 pm 1. anup kumar Said: November 15th. why you want to pursue management education 2. 2007 2:17 am Please tell me 1)Why did u opt for MBA after doing ur BTech with work experience of 2 years as software engineer? 2)Why did u opt for HR in MBA? 3)Why I should I select u when there is other person with same qualifications? 4) What qualities do you think will be required for this job? 5)Why are you the best person for this job? 92. Sowmya Said: August 9th.Expeted salary? 5. Rupal 91.Why you want to change ur company? 3.

Is this a retainer or contingency assignment? . What will you if you don’t get the job? 10. Do you know your greatest weakness?13.and so on…………. What type of job you expect? TechInterviews. What are the steps that you will take for the development of the company? 11. What will you if you don’t get the job? 14. What type of job you expect?13. 6. What are the steps that you will take for the development of the company? 20. What type of job you expect? 16.Interview questions for tech companies Questions to ask when tech recruiter calls 1. Why should we hire you? 17. What will you if you don’t get the job? 19. Why should we hire you? 12. What will you do if any other company calls you? 13. How did you find me? 2. Why should we hire you? 8. Do you know your greatest strength? 7.com . What will you do if any other company calls you? 9. What will you do if any other company calls you? 18. What are the steps that you will take for the development of the company? 15.

3. Are you dealing with the client’s HR people, or do you have direct contact with the hiring manager? 4. How long has the client been with you? 5. How many candidates have you placed with this client? 6. When will I find out the name of the principal or client company? 7. May I have a written job description? 8. Where is the position located? 9. Where is the company headquartered? 10. To whom does the position report? 11. Can you tell me about this executive’s management style? 12. Why is the position open? 13. What happened to the person who previously held this position? 14. Is this a new position? 15. How long has the position been open? 16. How long have you been working on the assignment? 17. What does the position pay? 18. Are here any pay or compensation constraints that I should take into consideration? 19. What can you tell me about the person who will be interviewing me? 20. What is his or her position, title, management style? 21. Who will make the final hiring decision? 22. After you present my resume, when can I expect to hear from you regarding the status of this position?

23. Can you describe, specifically, how the company navigates/balances work? and personal-life issues? 24. What might I do that would violate the culture of the company during my interview? Categories: General | Typical Oracle questions SAP Interview Questions | 3 Responses to “Questions to ask when tech recruiter calls”
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Pavan Metri Said: May 22nd, 2005 10:47 pm Respected Sir, I found the Questions For the Interviewer really fantastic,since they leave a mark of confidence as they are asked. These questions do have a meaningful thought,especially for the freshers and make the interviw process,a unique one. They,most importantly describe the dynamicity of the person. More importantly they make the interviewer feel more secure. Your’s Truly, I remain, Pavan Metri.

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Pavel Popov Said: July 14th, 2005 5:37 pm This is definitely a good list of questions. Some additional questions to ask may be,

What is the work environment like, cubicles, offices, large open area, etc…? What is the proper dress code for the interview? How many people are there on this team/project/assignment that I will be closely working with? What is the normal/acceptable work schedule, 8/5, 10/4, etc…?
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Gary Perman Said: January 12th, 2007 10:25 pm Great Questions to ask a Tech. Recruiter. But without guidance to good answers, you can ask all the quesitons in the world and it won’t make a difference. As an example; Who cares how a recruiter finds you. If one digs enough, the internet can produce almost any contact name. Is it a retainer or contingecy search? who cares, in both circumstances the recruiter is paid some if not all of their fee based on the candidate accepting the job offer. What one needs to discover is the professionalism and professional ethics of the recruiter. How long have they been a recuiter. Do they have a successful track record of placing candidates who are happy whre they are. Are they certified by a professional recruiting organization, etc.

TechInterviews.com - Interview questions for tech companies Linux admin interview questions 1. How do you take a single line of input from the user in a shell script? 2. Write a script to convert all DOS style backslashes to UNIX style slashes in a list of files. 3. Write a regular expression (or sed script) to replace all occurrences of the letter ‘f’, followed by any number of characters, followed by the letter ‘a’, followed by one or more numeric characters, followed by the letter ‘n’, and replace what’s found with the string “UNIX”. 4. Write a script to list all the differences between two directories. 5. Write a program in any language you choose, to reverse a file. 6. What are the fields of the password file? 7. What does a plus at the beginning of a line in the password file signify? 8. Using the man pages, find the correct ioctl to send console output to an arbitrary pty. 9. What is an MX record? 10. What is the prom command on a Sun that shows the SCSI devices? 11. What is the factory default SCSI target for /dev/sd0? 12. Where is that value controlled?

13. What happens to a child process that dies and has no parent process to wait for it and what’s bad about this? 14. What’s wrong with sendmail? What would you fix? 15. What command do you run to check file system consistency? 16. What’s wrong with running shutdown on a network? 17. What can be wrong with setuid scripts? 18. What value does spawn return? 19. Write a script to send mail from three other machines on the network to root at the machine you’re on. Use a ‘here doc’, but include in the mail message the name of the machine the mail is sent from and the disk utilization statistics on each machine? 20. Why can’t root just cd to someone’s home directory and run a program called a.out sitting there by typing “a.out”, and why is this good? 21. What is the difference between UDP and TCP? 22. What is DNS? 23. What does nslookup do? 24. How do you create a swapfile? 25. How would you check the route table on a workstation/server? 26. How do you find which ypmaster you are bound to? 27. How do you fix a problem where a printer will cutoff anything over 1MB? 28. What is the largest file system size in solaris? SunOS?

29.

What are the different RAID levels?

Categories: Unix/Linux | Basic .NET and ASP.NET interview questions Interview at IBM | 16 Responses to “Linux admin interview questions”
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Diva Said: October 18th, 2005 7:45 pm I had an interview with Google yesterday for the DATA CENTER TECHNICIAN position. They asked me question 21 and 29….

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Jojo Said: October 20th, 2005 12:08 am Main levels of RAID RAID 0 - Striping RAID 1 - Mirroring RAID 4 - Striping without distributed parity RAID 5 - Striping with distributed parity.

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Boon Said: March 30th, 2006 5:23 am nslookup query Internet name servers interactively Nslookup has two modes: interactive mode allows the user to query

name servers for information about various hosts and domains or to print a list of hosts in a domain. Non-interactive mode is used to print just the name and requested information for a host or domain.
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spacecow Said: June 19th, 2006 6:58 pm I had two phone interviews at google, applying for Data Center Technician. i was asked 21.) plus: how to figure out gateway under linux? maximum segment length of gigabit ethernet? what port is dns using? ssh? http? is dns TCP or UDP? difference between Router and Switch? Between Hub and Switch?

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mickel Said: October 25th, 2006 9:32 am 1) In sh use the read command: read var echo $var 2) Assuming the filenames are in filenames.txt: sed -ie ’s/\/\//g’ filenames.txt 3) s/f.*a[0-9]n/UNIX/ 5) Assuming you can’t use tac: while read line; do

2006 5:23 am . raju Said: October 28th. 15) fsck 6. raju Said: October 28th. which is only bad in that it takes space in your process table. then the process becomes a zombie. then it will be adopted by init which will perform a wait to obtain the processes return value. do echo ${lines[i]} done 13) If it has no parent process (ie the parent has already gone away). If the parent just doesn’t care. 2006 5:18 am To create a swap file >> mkswap /dev/hdax add entry in the /etc/fstab (should look like similar) /dev/hdax swap swap defaults 0 0 >> swapon -a (activates the swap partition) >> swapon -s (checks the swap partition) 7.i=$(( i + 1)) lines[i]=$line done numlines=${#numlines} for i in `seq $numlines -1 1`.

resolves IP address to hostname (reverse lookup). nav Said: November 17th. SUID and sticky bit 10.conf 3) port number for dns . 2007 8:07 am quiestions asked in novatium : 1) purpose of nsswitch. hari Said: February 24th. DNS port: 53 dameon: named 8. ravindra patil Said: November 1st.conf 2) purpose of /etc/resolv. 2006 7:38 pm SGID. thirumurugan Said: January 12th. 2007 1:40 am . 2006 4:21 am how to configure linux as router. it allows machines to logically grouped by name domain. 9. http 11.DNS (Domian name server ) DNS resolves hostname to IP address (forward lookup). provides email routing.

on same network/different networks. . 2007 11:44 am I had a phone interview with google for SRE position. sanjay kumar Said: February 28th.LDAP? Two Types of DNS Queries? Netbios Catche? 14.conf 3) port number for dns . http 13.conf 2) purpose of /etc/resolv. 2007 2:06 am purpose of nsswitch. 2007 6:53 am I had two phone interviews at google Using Ping utility which protocol working ? What is th Port number of SMTP. jason Said: June 25th. These are the questions they asked: .Difference between a Router/Hub/Switch? Explain the process when a packet leaves a host and travels to another host.The Password file contains usename:encripted passwd:uid:gid:comment:homedirectory:shell ex :shutdown:x:6:0:shutdown:/sbin:/sbin/shutdown 12. Thirumurugan Said: February 28th.

2007 8:55 am Differences between TCP and UDP TCP 1)TCP -Transmission control protocol 2)TCP is a connection oriented protocol. gautham Said: October 17th. where does ‘uptime’ get this information from? 15. structure returned from waitpid() and wait()) .Explain how traceroute works (explain incrementing the TTL field) . 6)TCP is used to send file like database.Explain what the load average is (a: the number of processes averaged over 1. 5 and 15 minutes that are marked as: R.What happens if the host doesnt exist. S.Explain the exec / fork process. D). what does the switch/router/hub do? Where do consecutive requests go? (cache) .where reliability play the first role UDP 1)UDP -User Datagram protocol .e. 3)Three way handshake happens between client and server. How do you get the return value of a child that died (i. 4)TCP is a reliable data transfer 5)slow transmission of data compare to UDP.

2)UDP is connectionless protocol 3)NO 16.audio . 6)TCP is used to send file like database. gautham Said: October 17th.where reliability play the first role UDP 1)UDP -User Datagram protocol 2)UDP is connectionless protocol 3)NO 3 way handshake 4)NOt a reliable data transer 5)Faster than TCP 6)used to send data like video. 2007 8:58 am Differences between TCP and UDP TCP 1)TCP -Transmission control protocol 2)TCP is a connection oriented protocol. 3)Three way handshake happens between client and server. 4)TCP is a reliable data transfer 5)slow transmission of data compare to UDP.

exe from command line to disable it. and an assortment of static volumes. TCP/IP networks perform this task at the application layer.Interview questions for tech companies Windows Server 2003 IIS and Scripting interview questions 1. Can Windows Server 2003 function as a bridge? Yes. and it’s a new feature for the 2003 product.TechInterviews. run ipv6. What is presentation layer responsible for in the OSI model? The presentation layer establishes the data format prior to passing it along to the network application’s interface. What’s the difference between the basic disk and dynamic disk? The basic type contains partitions.com . 2. You can combine several networks and devices connected via several adapters by enabling IP routing. assuming that your Win server installation is on drive C. 5. 6. How do you install recovery console? C:\i386\win32 /cmdcons. the dynamic type does not use partitions but dynamically manages volumes and provides advanced storage options What’s a media pool? It is any compilation of disks or tapes with the same administrative properties. 3. extended partitions. Does Windows Server 2003 support IPv6? Yes. . 4. logical drivers.

as it used to be in IIS 5. 9. 13. start.0? Basic authentication. What’s the name of the user who connects to the Web site anonymously? IUSR_computername 10. Advanced digest authentication. although prepare for heavy network load.sys in IIS? It is the point of contact for all incoming HTTP requests.vbs to export and import IIS configuration to an XML file. What’s the relation between SSL and TLS? Transport Layer Security (TLS) extends SSL by providing cryptographic authentication. delete. Where’s ASP cache located on IIS 6. iiscnfg.vsb to create. 12. What’s the role of http. and display virtual directories under an FTP root. start. stop. delete. start. 7. iisftp. Server-Gated Cryptography. start.What’s new in Terminal Services for Windows 2003 Server? Supports audio transmissions as well. and list Web sites. What secure authentication and encryption mechanisms are supported by IIS 6. stop. iisdir. or the Web server is shut down. Certificate-based Web transactions that use PKCS #7/PKCS #10. as opposed to memory.vsb to create. 8. SSL.0? On disk. no more queues are available.vsb to create. Fortezza.0? iisweb. stop. delete. iisftpdr. and list FTP sites. stop. delete.vsb to create. What scripts ship with IIS 6. . Transport Layer Security 11. and display virtual directories. It listens for requests and queues them until they are all processed. Digest authentication.

introduced in IIS 6.0. it searches for other nodes to join by polling the designated internal network. 16. Describe the process of clustering with Windows 2003 Server when a new node is added. 15. If other nodes cannot be found on a preexisting cluster. You need to change and admin password on a clustered Windows box. because . it doesn’t. What’s a heartbeat? Communication processes between the nodes designed to ensure node’s health.exe utility which does not require rebooting the entire cluster. 20. 21. What applications are not capable of performing in Windows 2003 Server clusters? The ones written exclusively for NetBEUI and IPX. doesn’t it? No. 15-30% is a reasonable expectation. As a node goes online. 19. 18. but that requires rebooting the cluster.14. In 2003 environment you can do that via cluster. the new node takes control of the quorum resources residing on the shared disk that contains state and configuration data. More than one application can use a given socket. In this way. 17. What’s a threshold in clustered environment? The number of times a restart is attempted. what size would you expect the index to be with Indexing Service? 150-300 KB. For the document of size 1 MB. when the node fails. Doesn’t the Indexing Service introduce a security flaw when allowing access to the index? No. What is socket pooling? Non-blocking socket usage. all nodes are notified of the new node’s existence.

$.256+ MB. @. . Which characters should be enclosed in quotes when searching the index? &. 22. 25. 23. 30. What’s the typical size of the index? Less then 100K documents . Which add-on package for Windows 2003 Server would you use to monitor the installed software and license compliance? SMS (System Management Server). 24. How would you search for C++? Just enter C++. but would prefer to give more weight to the word hole. 31. More than that . What’s a vector space query? A multiple-word query where the weight can be assigned to each of the search words. OR.users can only view the indices of documents and folders that they have permissions for.up to 128 MB. and |. if you want to fight information on ‘black hole’. ^. 27. What’s the order of precedence of Boolean operators in Microsoft Windows 2003 Server Indexing Service? NOT. NEAR. For example. What’s a response queue? It’s the message queue that holds response messages sent from the receiving application to the sender. What about Barnes&Noble? Should be searched for as Barnes’&’Noble. Are the searches case-sensitive? No. 26. ( ). you can enter black[1] hole[20] into the search window. #. 29. 28. AND. since + is not a special character (and neither is C). What’s MQPing used for? Testing Microsoft Message Queue services between the nodes on a network.

32. Which

service do you use to set up various alerts? MOM (Microsoft Operations Manager). 33. What languages does Windows Scripting Host support? VB, VBScript, JScript. Categories: Windows | Windows Server 2003 Active Directory and Security questions Hardware design interview questions | 5 Responses to “Windows Server 2003 IIS and Scripting interview questions”
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suresh nayak Said: October 31st, 2005 10:11 am Hi my self suresh can u help me mydoubt ??? 1- what is the full name of “XP” (window XP) 2- if administrator forget password in 2003 server ; how to recover it ? 3- How to recover CMOS password ?

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suresh gowda Said: May 9th, 2006 4:33 am hi surigowda

1.what are the advantage in win2003 server than the win nt server? 2.what is role of active directory in windows 2003
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Ravikanth Said: August 19th, 2006 2:02 am Hello Suresh, Here are the answers: 1- what is the full name of “XP” (window XP) A- The full name for XP is suppose EXPRESS (iam not sure) 2- if administrator forget password in 2003 server ; how to recover it ? A- By deleting SAM files you can disable the passwords (C:\WINDOWS\system32\config\sam)But u have to connect the HDD to an another system as a slave disk and perform the task. 3- How to recover CMOS password ? A- By changing the BIOS jumper setting on the Mother Board u can enable the BIOS administration mode, from there u can disable all the passwords NOTE: only BIOS Passwords.

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Benoy Said: September 23rd, 2006 12:36 pm Hi, full form of Windows XP is “Windows eXPerience”

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Sanju Said: February 22nd, 2007 12:54 am if administrator forget password in 2003 server ; how to recover it ? Then there is a third party tool called ERD commander which can be used to reset the password of administrator.Create more than one user who has a privilage to reset password and login to server locally that’s the best practise.

TechInterviews.com - Interview questions for tech companies Windows Server 2003 Active Directory and Security questions
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2.

What’s the difference between local, global and universal groups? Domain local groups assign access permissions to global domain groups for local domain resources. Global groups provide access to resources in other trusted domains. Universal groups grant access to resources in all trusted domains. I am trying to create a new universal user group. Why can’t I? Universal groups are allowed only in native-mode Windows Server 2003 environments. Native mode requires that all domain controllers be promoted to Windows Server 2003 Active Directory.

What is LSDOU? It’s group policy inheritance model, where the policies are applied to Local machines, Sites, Domains and Organizational Units. 4. Why doesn’t LSDOU work under Windows NT? If the NTConfig.pol file exist, it has the highest priority among the numerous policies. 5. Where are group policies stored? %SystemRoot %System32\GroupPolicy 6. What is GPT and GPC? Group policy template and group policy container. 7. Where is GPT stored? %SystemRoot %\SYSVOL\sysvol\domainname\Policies\GUID 8. You change the group policies, and now the computer and user settings are in conflict. Which one has the highest priority? The computer settings take priority. 9. You want to set up remote installation procedure, but do not want the user to gain access over it. What do you do? gponame–> User Configuration–> Windows Settings–> Remote Installation Services–> Choice Options is your friend. 10. What’s contained in administrative template conf.adm? Microsoft NetMeeting policies 11. How can you restrict running certain applications on a machine? Via group policy, security settings for the group, then Software Restriction Policies. 12. You need to automatically install an app, but MSI file is not available. What do you do? A .zap text file can be used to add applications using the Software Installer, rather than the Windows Installer.
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13. What’s

the difference between Software Installer and Windows Installer? The former has fewer privileges and will probably require user intervention. Plus, it uses .zap files. 14. What can be restricted on Windows Server 2003 that wasn’t there in previous products? Group Policy in Windows Server 2003 determines a users right to modify network and dial-up TCP/IP properties. Users may be selectively restricted from modifying their IP address and other network configuration parameters. 15. How frequently is the client policy refreshed? 90 minutes give or take. 16. Where is secedit? It’s now gpupdate. 17. You want to create a new group policy but do not wish to inherit. Make sure you check Block inheritance among the options when creating the policy. 18. What is "tattooing" the Registry? The user can view and modify user preferences that are not stored in maintained portions of the Registry. If the group policy is removed or changed, the user preference will persist in the Registry. 19. How do you fight tattooing in NT/2000 installations? You can’t. 20. How do you fight tattooing in 2003 installations? User Configuration - Administrative Templates System - Group Policy - enable - Enforce Show Policies Only. 21. What does IntelliMirror do? It helps to reconcile desktop settings, applications, and stored files for

users, particularly those who move between workstations or those who must periodically work offline. 22. What’s the major difference between FAT and NTFS on a local machine? FAT and FAT32 provide no security over locally logged-on users. Only native NTFS provides extensive permission control on both remote and local files. 23. How do FAT and NTFS differ in approach to user shares? They don’t, both have support for sharing. 24. Explan the List Folder Contents permission on the folder in NTFS. Same as Read & Execute, but not inherited by files within a folder. However, newly created subfolders will inherit this permission. 25. I have a file to which the user has access, but he has no folder permission to read it. Can he access it? It is possible for a user to navigate to a file for which he does not have folder permission. This involves simply knowing the path of the file object. Even if the user can’t drill down the file/folder tree using My Computer, he can still gain access to the file using the Universal Naming Convention (UNC). The best way to start would be to type the full path of a file into Run… window. 26. For a user in several groups, are Allow permissions restrictive or permissive? Permissive, if at least one group has Allow permission for the file/folder, user will have the same permission. 27. For a user in several groups, are Deny permissions restrictive or permissive? Restrictive, if at least one group has Deny permission for the file/folder, user

will be denied access, regardless of other group permissions. 28. What hidden shares exist on Windows Server 2003 installation? Admin$, Drive$, IPC$, NETLOGON, print$ and SYSVOL. 29. What’s the difference between standalone and fault-tolerant DFS (Distributed File System) installations? The standalone server stores the Dfs directory tree structure or topology locally. Thus, if a shared folder is inaccessible or if the Dfs root server is down, users are left with no link to the shared resources. A fault-tolerant root node stores the Dfs topology in the Active Directory, which is replicated to other domain controllers. Thus, redundant root nodes may include multiple connections to the same data residing in different shared folders. 30. We’re using the DFS fault-tolerant installation, but cannot access it from a Win98 box. Use the UNC path, not client, only 2000 and 2003 clients can access Server 2003 fault-tolerant shares. 31. Where exactly do fault-tolerant DFS shares store information in Active Directory? In Partition Knowledge Table, which is then replicated to other domain controllers. 32. Can you use Start->Search with DFS shares? Yes. 33. What problems can you have with DFS installed? Two users opening the redundant copies of the file at the same time, with no file-locking involved in DFS, changing the contents and then saving. Only one file will be propagated through DFS.

34. I

run Microsoft Cluster Server and cannot install fault-tolerant DFS. Yeah, you can’t. Install a standalone one. 35. Is Kerberos encryption symmetric or asymmetric? Symmetric. 36. How does Windows 2003 Server try to prevent a middle-man attack on encrypted line? Time stamp is attached to the initial client request, encrypted with the shared key. 37. What hashing algorithms are used in Windows 2003 Server? RSA Data Security’s Message Digest 5 (MD5), produces a 128-bit hash, and the Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (SHA-1), produces a 160-bit hash. 38. What third-party certificate exchange protocols are used by Windows 2003 Server? Windows Server 2003 uses the industry standard PKCS-10 certificate request and PKCS-7 certificate response to exchange CA certificates with third-party certificate authorities. 39. What’s the number of permitted unsuccessful logons on Administrator account? Unlimited. Remember, though, that it’s the Administrator account, not any account that’s part of the Administrators group. 40. If hashing is one-way function and Windows Server uses hashing for storing passwords, how is it possible to attack the password lists, specifically the ones using NTLMv1? A cracker would launch a dictionary attack by hashing every imaginable term used for password and then compare the hashes.

41. What’s

the difference between guest accounts in Server 2003 and other editions? More restrictive in Windows Server 2003. 42. How many passwords by default are remembered when you check "Enforce Password History Remembered"? User’s last 6 passwords. Categories: Windows | Windows Server 2003 interview and certification questions Windows Server 2003 IIS and Scripting interview questions | 16 Responses to “Windows Server 2003 Active Directory and Security questions”
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Shahid Afridi Said: June 12th, 2004 3:03 pm I really surprize to read this fruit full matter. Plz update and change all these information day by day……

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Ben Runda Said: December 11th, 2004 9:16 pm When I create a user folder in server 2003 and set the share and security permissions it allows the user read permissions only . They cannot write to the folder no matter what permissions I set.How do I get around this?

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M. Vinoth Kumar Said: March 15th, 2005 12:42 am Sir, Im need of geting the manual for HOW TO INSTALL ACTIVE DIRECTORY ON WINDOWS SERVER 2003? APPLYING GROUP POLICIES, CREATING USERS, GIVING PERMISSIONS

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G.Madhu Sudhan Said: March 16th, 2005 6:02 am I am very happy when i have seen these questions, it is really usefull for the interviews. If you can publish same sort of questions for citrix & exchange server 2003, that will be usefull to the techies.

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Myles Said: March 19th, 2005 4:53 pm “What’s the difference between local, global and universal groups? Domain local groups assign access permissions to global domain groups for local domain resources. Global groups provide access to resources in other trusted domains. Universal groups grant access to resources in all trusted domains.”

After reading that id probably not trust this site for too much, according to that both universal and global groups are the same! What about server modes? mixed, native or 2003 mode? universal groups cant be assigned in mixed or non native / 2003 modes. Plus if you need to be reading a site like this to pass an interview you really dont diserve the job you have wrongly applied for.
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Rajesh D. Bodhe Said: March 28th, 2005 2:16 am When i search this website i m very happy ,i got what i want b’coz i m in the search such a website which give me the basic knowledge of Windows server 2003 and this site give very much intersting facts about it and this site is also very much useful for the candidate who want do interview preperation And improve their Knowledge.

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trilochan panda Said: August 6th, 2005 2:22 am sir, what is the difference between local policy and group policy. and where the local policy is applied. plz mention it. thanks. regards trilochan

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Muddu krishna Said: September 30th, 2005 12:49 am sir . i have a one problm , i am having Windows 2003 server ,as well as 40 clients , My clients is differnt OS I mean redhat or sun or windows ,eventhough I want to apply ip address for all clients ,How i can assingh the ip address

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Vitaliy Said: October 4th, 2005 1:49 pm Hello. Please explain: Is it possible to create user with Administrator access and deny permission to open specific folder. Windows Server 2003 Web Edition (member, not domen). Thanx a lot.

10. Hariharan

Said: August 18th, 2006 3:12 am Information about windows server 2003 was useful. But this is not for the basic users i guess. The person who doesn’t know what is schema, global catelog like that information should also be given. pls include that.

11. Sandeep

Yadav Said: September 20th, 2006 4:35 am sir Please explain 1.how to give permissions to user could not use control panel,delete folders,files,

concorrent login etc… but many a times you don’t get into the basics which are required for interviews. Chip Gehrke Said: April 11th. please gv some detail information on server 2003. pls include that. 2007 2:47 am Information about windows server 2003 was useful. and this questions provides many basic question which even i never thought to read. 2007 1:26 pm .2. The person who doesn’t know what is schema. umesh Kharad Said: February 12th.how to use all installed software on server through client pc. it will be much easier Thax a lot . I had practically implemted domain 2000 & 2003 in enterprise with more than 6000 users . I have one suggestion to all. global catelog like that information should also be given. to person who hosted the sites 13. But this is not for the basic users i guess. first parctically learn how domain work then read the interview question. thanks 14. password policy. implemented group policy. profiles. home drives . 2006 3:12 am site was good. pavi Said: October 29th. 12.

here we are using windows xp as operating system and we have no proxied or firewall as a gateway. and he wants the problem resolved in 1 hour.I have one thing that I have not been able to fix for months. When users go to login they see this old name.also i wanna send messages to them. 2007 7:48 pm You have the technical support manager of a major bank on the other line.how can we work out this in such a simple networking enviornment.what are the possibilities. How do I change this pre Windows 2000 name to make it the same as what this pre Windows 2000 name points to? 15. And you know that it would take at least 3 hours to get it resolved. 16. Nothing is wrong but this old name is not the current domain name they login to.I have a simple DHCP network environment in my office with a central point switch also switch has a connectivity with internet modem. Rajesh E Nair Said: July 31st. I have a domain and the domain name is not the same as the “pre-windows 2000 domain name”. . and he is very upset because his server is down. 2007 6:59 am Sir.i just want to handle the network but since it is dhcp i am facing difficulties in tracing or blocking some one from preveting from internet. tj Said: November 16th.

Note. What do you do if earlier application doesn’t run on Windows Server 2003? When an application that ran on an earlier legacy version of Windows cannot be loaded during the setup function or if it later malfunctions.ini timeout and default settings. 3. . that you cannot upgrade from ME and 98 to Windows Server 2003. Win 98. If you uninstall Windows Server 2003. use the System option in Control Panel from the Advanced tab and select Startup. however. and hidden to prevent unwanted editing. 2000.ini file is set as read-only.com . XP. you must run the compatibility mode function. To change the Boot. 2.Tell me about the steps that you would take TechInterviews. How do you double-boot a Win 2003 server box? The Boot. which operating systems can you revert to? Win ME. This is accomplished by right-clicking the application or setup program and selecting Properties –> Compatibility –> selecting the previously supported operating system.Interview questions for tech companies Windows Server 2003 interview and certification questions 1. system.

6. and makes these resources available to authorized users and groups. Winkey + SHIFT+ M undoes minimization.4. 5. documents. Winkey + BREAK displays the System Properties dialog box. Winkey + E opens Windows Explorer showing My Computer. printers. Winkey + U opens the Utility Manager. Where are the Windows NT Primary Domain Controller (PDC) and its Backup Domain Controller (BDC) in Server 2003? The Active . How do you get to Internet Firewall settings? Start –> Control Panel –> Network and Internet Connections –> Network Connections. Winkey + CTRL + F opens the Search panel with Search for Computers module selected. Winkey + TAB moves the focus to the next application in the taskbar. Winkey + SHIFT + TAB moves the focus to the previous application in the taskbar. and devices. Winkey + F opens the Search panel. What is Active Directory? Active Directory is a network-based object store and service that locates and manages resources. Winkey + R opens Run dialog. servers. Winkey + B moves the focus to the notification area. What are the Windows Server 2003 keyboard shortcuts? Winkey opens or closes the Start menu. An underlying principle of the Active Directory is that everything is considered an object—people. Winkey + L locks the computer. workstations. Winkey + M minimizes all. Winkey + D shows the desktop. Winkey + F1 opens Help. Each object has certain attributes and its own security access control list (ACL). 7.

The Active Directory Installation Wizard verifies a proper configuration of the DNS infrastructure. 9. 10. These changes include account and individual user lockout policies. Organizations form partnerships and joint ventures. Organizations merge or are acquired and naming continuity is desired. What’s new in Windows Server 2003 regarding the DNS management? When DC promotion occurs with an existing forest. and modifications to the Local Security Authority (LSA). If the wizard fails to locate a DC. While access to .Directory replaces them. 8. Now all domain controllers share a multimaster peer-to-peer read and write relationship that hosts copies of the Active Directory. every DC must register in DNS DC locator DNS records. changes to computer account passwords. changes to password policies. When should you create a forest? Organizations that operate on radically different bases may require separate trees with distinct namespaces. All DNS configuration debugging and reporting activity is done with the Active Directory Installation Wizard. it performs debugging and reports what caused the failure and how to fix the problem. the Active Directory Installation Wizard contacts an existing DC to update the directory and replicate from the DC the required portions of the directory. How long does it take for security changes to be replicated among the domain controllers? Securityrelated modifications are replicated within a site immediately. In order to be located on a network. Unique trade or brand names often give rise to separate DNS identities.

Abstract classes are so named because they take the form of templates that actually create other templates (abstracts) and . Active Directory Replication (optional. Active Directory Users and Group Manager. a separately defined tree can enforce more direct administrative and security restrictions. Active Directory Sites and Services Manager. 11. What snap-in administrative tools are available for Active Directory? Active Directory Domains and Trusts Manager. available from adminpak) 13. (3) Kerberos delegation to N-tier application in another forest. o Abstract class. The structural class is important to the system administrator in that it is the only type from which new Active Directory objects are created. 12. and (4) user principal name (UPN) credentials. What types of classes exist in Windows Server 2003 Active Directory? o Structural class. How can you authenticate between forests? Four types of authentication are used across forests: (1) Kerberos and NTLM network logon for remote access to a server in another forest. Active Directory Schema Manager (optional. (2) Kerberos and NTLM interactive logon for physical logon outside the user’s home forest. Structural classes are developed from either the modification of an existing structural type or the use of one or more abstract classes.common resources is desired. available from the Resource Kit).

and auxiliary definitions. This type does not use the structural. o 88 class. Every group to which the user belongs has an associated SID. The user and related group SIDs together form the user account’s security . 15. What is Global Catalog? The Global Catalog authenticates network user logons and fields inquiries about objects across a forest or tree. How do you delete a lingering object? Windows Server 2003 provides a command called Repadmin that provides the ability to delete lingering objects in the Active Directory.structural and auxiliary classes. there was typically one GC on every site in order to prevent user logon failures across the network. Think of abstract classes as frameworks for the defining objects. abstract. How is user account security established in Windows Server 2003? When an account is created. when the 1988 X. nor is it in common use for the development of objects in Windows Server 2003 environments. o Auxiliary class. 16. In Windows 2000. The 88 class includes object classes defined prior to 1993. it provides a streamlined alternative by applying a combination of attributes with a single include action. The auxiliary class is a list of attributes.500 specification was adopted. Every domain has at least one GC that is hosted on a domain controller. 14. it is given a unique access number known as a security identifier (SID). Rather than apply numerous attributes when creating a structural class.

509 certificates. dial-in with callback. SIDs from the security token are mapped to the access control list (ACL) of any object the user attempts to access. What remote access options does Windows Server 2003 support? Dial-in. 20. would the SID and permissions stay the same? No. since the Macs only store their passwords that way. What do you do with secure sign-ons in an organization with many roaming users? Credential Management feature of Windows Server 2003 provides a consistent single sign-on experience for users. Anything special you should do when adding a user that has a Mac? "Save password as encrypted clear text" must be selected on User Properties Account Tab Options. Where are the documents and settings for the roaming profile stored? All the documents and environmental settings for the roaming user are stored locally on the system. The Credential Management feature provides a secure store of user credentials that includes passwords and X. If you delete a user account and attempt to recreate it with the same user name and password. which determines access levels to objects throughout the system and network. 18. 19. 21. the SID will be different.token. when the user logs off. VPN. If I delete a user and then create a new account with the same username and password. This can be useful for roaming users who move between computer systems. and. 17. all changes to the locally stored profile are copied to the .

2. the first time a roaming user logs on to a new system the logon process may take some time.shared server folder. Anonymous Said: December 14th. or even . DOS batch files (. .exe) Categories: Windows | C++ coding interview questions Windows Server 2003 Active Directory and Security questions | 3 Responses to “Windows Server 2003 interview and certification questions” 1. If the netbios name is uses. karthick Said: November 2nd. 22.com. 2003 will use kerberos if and only if dns is used while setting up the domains. depending on how large his profile folder is. Therefore. Where are the settings for all the users stored on a given machine? \Document and Settings\All Users 23. 2004 2:03 pm How can you authenticate between forests? Windows 2000 always uses NTLM for authentication between forests. What languages can you use for log-on scripts? JavaScipt.bat. NTLM is used for 2003. 2006 8:01 pm . VBScript.

dat to username.i have win2003server and client xp i have configured roaming folder in ads . 3.dat 2 Now do as start>program>administrative tools>active directory users and groups >username(any)>properties>under profile menu change the path for that user to newly created folder on server 3 Now login from administrative priveliges at client machine and cange path for that folder 4 We can create mandatory profile of that user by renaming the file username.Interview questions for tech companies Unix/Linux administration interview questions What is LILO? . now i want how to configure roaming frofile configuration. jagjit singh Said: July 23rd.man TechInterviews.com . 2007 6:35 am 1 create shared folder on the server as username.

The link will show permissions of lrwxrwxrwx but that is for the link itself and not the access to the file to which the link points. If you want to shut everything down before going to single . you only have to do it on the original. Write a command to find all of the files which have been accessed within the last 30 days. ‘-atime -30′ will give all the files accessed less than 30 days ago. with file type is file. rather.files This command will find all the files under root.LILO stands for Linux boot loader. master boot record. And the output will put into a file call December. find / -type f -atime -30 > December. which is ‘/’.files. such as su. that a change of permissions on the file is applied to all the link access points. With copies you have to find all of the copies and change permission on each of the copies. It will load the MBR. Thus if you want to change the permissions for a command. What is the main advantage of creating links to a file instead of copies of the file? A: The main advantage is not really that it saves disk space (though it does that too) but. into the memory. What is the most graceful way to get to run level single user mode? A: The most graceful way is to use the command init s. and tell the system which partition and hard drive to boot from.

If the file already exists. but if it’s A. $ (date . then these items are appended to the file. this is followed by the a list of all running processes in long form with UIDs listed first. A will be the output of uniq. ps -ef | awk ‘{print $1}’ | sort | uniq | wc -l ) >> Activity. the date and the wc -l. B. Categories: Unix/Linux .in this case the number of distinct UIDs running processes on the system.log A: First let’s dissect the line: The date gives the date and time as the first command of the line. this is the ps -ef. otherwise the file is created. Finally the results of these two commands.if the list is A. These UIDs are fed into wc -l which counts the lines . are appended to the file "Activity. B is the output) which produces only one copy of each UID. then A. B then A. These are fed into the awk which filters out all but the UIDs.uniq only works on sorted data . A. This writes the date and time into the file Activity.log". A.log together with the number of distinct users who have processes running on the system at that time. these UIDs are piped into sort for no discernible reason and then onto uniq (now we see the reason for the sort . Now to answer the question as to what this command line produces.user mode then do init 0 first and from the ok prompt do a boot -s. What does the following command line produce? Explain each aspect of this line. B.

because this program must be a single argument. my all friend yse this only. this is useful also. ps -ef | awk ‘{ print $1 }’ | sort | uniq | wc -l . But the opening quote is missing. 2004 11:02 pm This is one of the best site to lern and get idea if information.| Networking and Unix interview questions Unix/Linux programming interview questions | 3 Responses to “Unix/Linux administration interview questions” 1. The pipeline in your example won’t work. . You have a trailing quote. 2. 3. 2007 4:08 pm The syntax does work: date. George Swan Said: January 27th. Said: May 1st. 2004 7:47 am The last question in your “Unix/Linux administration interview questions” is missing a character. Rohit Raj Said: February 12th. You have awk execute a program from the command line.

network.Interview questions for tech companies Networking and protocols interview questions Q: What are the seven layers of the OSI model? A: The layers are physical. session. data link.TechInterviews. the server will send back another packet with sequence "y". Q: What is the purpose of exchanging beginning sequence numbers during the the connection in the TCP client-server model? A: To ensure that any data lost during data transfer can be retransmitted. Q: In the TCP client-servel model. how does the threeway handshake work in opening connection? A: The client first sends a packet with sequence "x" to the server. presentation. transport.com . the client will then send an acknowledge back to the server for acknowledging that sequence "y" has been received. When the server receives this packet. acknowledging the request of the client. . When the client receives the acknowledgement from the server. and application layers.

255. Harsha Said: April 7th.40.40.32. 2005 6:40 pm .0 Categories: Networking | Java interview questions SQL Server. At the port interface. DBA interview questions | 5 Responses to “Networking and protocols interview questions” 1. what is the subnet address? A: Take the 2 addresses.16. The answer is 130. 2005 6:42 am How duplicated packets are generated in the network? Answer: Due to re-transmissions 2.0 and a packet addressed to 130. Q: Given a Class B Network with subnet mask of 255.Q: How does Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) work? A: ATM works by transmitting all traffic in small. ATM fits into layer 2 of the OSI model and provides functions for framing and error correction. Sreedhar Said: March 18th. and vice versa. then AND them. These small. ATM switches convert cells into frames.248. fixed-size cells reduces queuing delay and can be switched quickly. ATM provides Quality of Service and traffic shaping. write them in binary form.32. fixedsized cells.

2007 9:41 am 1. The mentioned answer 130.40.session layer . santhosh Said: March 2nd.255(broadcast) 4. meaning the subnetwork of the given IP has the value 16.physical layer 2.0 is correct for the host 130.40.40.32.248.16…. From the given mask. 2006 3:07 pm Regarding 2… the answer 130. The first two octets we know represent the network address of the class B IP. 3.32. 130.40.40. tanktop Said: August 2nd. So the sub-network would be 130.32.16.32. in the third octet. Comments welcome.0 would be true if the third octet in the mask was 255.network layer 4. we need to AND the mask and IP.39.40.40.0(network) -> 130.0 and a packet addressed to 130.32.This is regarding the question :Q: Given a Class B Network with subnet mask of 255.datalink layer 3. what is the subnet address? As the solution mentions.16. there are five bits for the subnetwork.255.x .transport layer 5.

Ajay Said: August 24th.presention layer 7.130.255 130.48.6.0 .255 130. Windows 95 implements some window management features in 16 bits.40.40.0 .31. Different extended error codes.255 and so on… TechInterviews.63.com . Different number window and menu handles. Tell the differences between Windows 95 and Windows NT? Lack of Unicode implementation for most of the functions of Win95. Deletion of drawing objects is different. Windows 95 uses 16bit world coordinate system and the coordinates restricted to 32K.40. Differences in .32.Interview questions for tech companies Microsoft Win32 interview questions 1.application layer 5.40.40.130. 130. Windows 95 does not implement print monitor DLLs of Windows NT.130.47.40. count in the blocks of 16.16. 2007 6:38 am the address range is correct in that Subnetting Question .0 .

you should be careful about heap allocations. actually.2. Windows 95 does not support multiprocessor computers. NT implementation of scheduler is quite different. MMF allows to map the file to RAM/SWAP addresses and to let Windows handle all load/unload operations for the file. Win95’s FAT is built over 16-bit win3. Different driver models. Used as a code sharing between executables. while WinNT uses DOS emulation when one needs a DOS. Regular and pure Win32 DLL (without MFC) . What should you be aware of if you design a program that runs days/weeks/months/years? A: When your program should run for a long time. Win95’s FAT contains two FATs). registry. You should be especially careful about CString class which allocates permanent DLL What are the advantages of using DLL’s? DLLs are run-time modular.1 FAT (not FAT32!. What are the different types of DLL’s? A: Extension. DLL is loaded when the program needs it. because if you use new/delete intensively in your application. 5. What is the effective way of DIB files management? A: Memory-mapped file is the best choice for deviceindependent bitmaps. the memory becomes highly fragmented with a time. 3. Win95 starts from real DOS. Win95 was built with back-compatibility in mind and ill-behaving 16bit process may easily corrupt the system. It is better to allocate all necessary memory in this case that many times small blocks. 4.

When you build a regular DLL. returned by IsKindOf() of CObject for MI. such as incorrect information. Extension DLL dynamically links to MFC DLLs (those which name starts with MFC??. 7. this is a bad idea does not matter what tells you interviewer. you may choose a static link (in this case MFC library code is copied to your DLL) and dynamic (in this case you would need MFC DLLs to be presented on the target machine) What do you have to do when you inherit from two CObject-based classes? A: First of all. read Technical Note 16 in MSDN. which discusses why MFC does not support multiple inheritance and what to do in case you still need it (there are a few problems with CObject class.g. can export whole C++ classes and the client may construct objects from them. the following are additional requirements . i. this is the bad idea. if you have to multiply inherit from CWndbased class. etc.DLL) and to be synchronous with the version it was developed for.) What are the additional requirements for inheritance from CWnd-based classes? A: Again.6. Try to find alternative solution. Extension DLL is usually small (simple extension DLL might be around 10K) Regular DLL can be loaded by any Win32 environment (e.e. Regular DLLs are generally larger. 8. What are the differences between a User DLL and an MFC Extension DLL? A: Extension DLL supports a C++ interface. Anyway. Secondly. VB 5) Big restriction is that regular DLL may export only C-style functions. if you forced to use condemned rhombus structure.

10. Mutexes are significantly slower than critical sections. What is a "mutex"? A: Mutexes are the mechanism of process synchronization that might be used to synchronize data across multiple processes. 9. Suppose one thread increments I to 3 and then returns to the beginning of DO statement. this is extremely bad question for interview!!!): There must be only one CWnd-derived base class. 11. Second thread increments I to 5. while mutexes allow data synchronization across processes. What’s the difference between a "mutex" and a "critical section"? Critical section provides synchronization means for one process only. From this moment the code shown will execute forever until some external force intervention.to the above conditions (again. Mutex is a waitable object while a critical section is not. The CWnd-derived base class must be the first (or left-most) base class. What might be wrong with the following pseudo-code: FUNCTION F BEGIN INT I=2 DO I=I+1 IF I = 4 THEN BREAK END DO END A:This code is not thread safe. . Solution is obviously using some synchronization object to protect I from being changed by more than one thread. Then it increments I to 4 and now context switch happens.

Because all threads participating in a deadlock are suspended and cannot. Windows thread has an user interface and usually used to improve responsiveness of the user input. 13. 17. What types of threads are supported by MFC framework? A: Working thread and windows thread. You need hooks to implement your own Windows message filter. What are the difference between MFC Exception macros and C++ exception keywords? A:Actually. release the resources they own. is a condition in which two or more threads wait for each other to release a shared resource before resuming their execution.12. The target of a menu command provides this information by implementing an ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI handler. therefore. each menu item needs to know whether it should be displayed as enabled or disabled. . 14. no thread can continue. and the entire application (or. What is a "hook"? A: A point in the Windows message-handling mechanism where an application can install a subroutine to monitor messages. What is a deadlock ? A: A deadlock. Message Map 15. How can we create thread in MFC framework? A: Using AfxBeginThread. Working thread usually does not have a user interface and easier to use. 16. more than one application if the resources are shared between threads in multiple applications) appears to hang. very simply. worse. When ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI is called? (message may vary) A: When a user of your application pulls down a menu.

Usually. without parent invocation. you derive the class from none control class. What is Message Reflection? How could you accomplish the above task using message reflection? A: See Technical Note 62 of MSDN. Sometimes it is nice to handle a message in the control itself. override the messages you want (like WM_CTLCOLOR) and then in init function like OnInitialUpdate of CDialog. 19. derived from CException. where as C++ exception mechanism accepts exception of ANY type Reusable Control Class 18. Such handling mechanism is called message reflection. 20. A view is attached to a . Control "reflects" message to itself and then processes it. subclass the control with SubclassDlgItem(). Use ON_<MESSAGE_NAME>_REFLECT macro to create a reflected message.MFC macros may accept exception of only CException class or class. Kruglinski in his "Inside Visual C++" describes pretty well this process. How would you set the background of an edit control to a customized color? A: You have several choices. Generally. but the simplest one is subclassing. message is handled in the parent class that means you have to override message handler for each parent. What is the command routing in MFC framework? A: CView => CDocument => CFrameWnd => CWinApp 21. What’s the purpose of CView class? CDocument class? What are relationships between them? A: The CView class provides the basic functionality for user-defined view classes.

24. 25. If your application is SDI. If your application is MDI. CDocument. CView. but a document can have multiple views attached to it at once. your CMainFrame class is derived from class CFrameWnd. What class is responsible for document template in MDI application? A: CMultiDocTemplate. 23. CMainFrame.document and acts as an intermediary between the document and the user: the view renders an image of the document on the screen or printer and interprets user input as operations upon the document.application object. For MDI application with New document implementation CDocTemplate. 22. A view is a child of a frame window. How can we get the information before it fails? A: You could think of several way to debug this: Set the . a frame window class.322. The CDocument class provides the basic functionality for user-defined document classes. It fails on 756. What function must be used to add document template? A: AddDocTemplate. The relationship between a view class. What the main objects are created for SDI and MDI applications? A: CWinApp . A document represents the unit of data that the user typically opens with the File Open command and saves with the File Save command. For MDI application CMDIChildWindow is also created. and a document class is established by a CDocTemplate object. We have a loop for 800.000. Users interact with a document through the CView object(s) associated with it. CMainFrame is derived from class CMDIFrameWnd. A view can be attached to only one document.

Throw an exception within a loop (may be not the best idea since exception does not show you the exact location of the fail. assertion functions etc. I will definately like to add some more questions. Categories: Windows | C# interview questions Advanced C# interview questions | 7 Responses to “Microsoft Win32 interview questions” 1. 2003 12:48 pm I am very glad to c these question. It will help me lot. o pointer support (no padding in release mode which may increase chances of a pointer to point into sky) o optimization. . Our Debug version works fine. 26. What should be done? A: There are four differences between debug and release builds: o heap layout (you may have heap overwrite in release mode . Check the project settings. Create a log file and to put detailed information within a loop.condition in debugger to stop when loop is passed around 756321 times. but Release fails. o compilation (check conditional compilation statements.this will cause 90% of all problems).). Prafulla Kulkarni Said: December 9th.

2004 3:47 pm should probably rename this page to MFC Interview Questions 5. anon Said: June 2nd.Thanks 2. I don’t know what sort of pseudo code it is written in but the only thing I can see that might be wrong with it is that the line IF I = 4 THEN BREAK should be IF I == 4 THEN BREAK . Dim St Thomas Said: March 31st. I think we can add more value to this page. Anonymous Said: March 27th. 2004 4:49 am Wonderful questionnaire. Rajesh Said: April 6th. 2005 2:23 pm I think the answer to question 11 is wrong as the variable I is local to the function and not a global variable so will not be shared by multiple threads. 2004 9:44 pm excellant 3. 4.

They will either have seen this exact question somewhere or they won’t get it. For most C\C++ programmers. I think it is a poor question because the syntax of the Pseudo-Language is not defined and there is a specific answer that is required. 7. look at the psuedo code in very generic sense and then u would understand it.6. From the example. they would consider the variable to be local so the answer would never occur to them. Anyone asking #11 in an interview should rethink the question because it won’t tell them anything about the interviewee. Some Guy Said: June 10th. 2005 5:48 pm I partially agree with Dim St Thomas regarding #11. This question is related to the . Regarding Question# 11. This questionare is excellent and will help a many of us. you would find similar pseudo code. there is no indication that the variable is global in scope. You should look into the algorithms provided in any of the Operating Systems book. KK Said: April 18th. To Dim St Thomas and Some Guy. 2007 6:57 am Hi.

and starts the apache server if it’s not running. How do you check for the httpd. and generally you should be ok if you delete the first two.conf. or killall httpd.usage of semaphores & mutex and is absolutely correct.Interview questions for tech companies Apache interview questions 1. What’s the command to stop Apache? . .It sends a SIGUSR1 for a restart.conf and httpd.conf consistency and any errors in it? .apachectl configtest When I do ps -aux. What does apachectl graceful do? .conf.srm. On a fresh install. TechInterviews. access. 5. 3. So guys do not get confused on it and the answer quoted is very much correct. 4.kill the specific process that httpd is running under.com . use apachectl stop.You need to be a root to attach yourself to any Unix port below 1024. and stick with httpd. why do I have one copy of httpd running as root and the rest as nouser? . 2.conf? The first two are remnants from the NCSA times. why does Apache have three config files . If you have apachectl installed. and we need 80.

Keeping it inetd conserves resources. shutting down"? . Just put Listen 80 in httpd. If you kill the root process. 7.6. But I thought that running apache as a root is a security risk? .It defines whether Apache should spawn itself as a child process (standalone) or keep everything in a single process (inetd). 8. you will see the other kids disappear as well.com DocumentRoot /home/apache/share/htdocs/hostedsite s ServerName www. How do you set up a virtual host in Apache? <VirtualHost www. 9. This is deprecated. . Why do I get the message "… no listening sockets available.com ErrorLog /home/apache/logs/error/hostedsites/ error_log TransferLog /home/apache/logs/access/hostedsites /access_log </VirtualHost> What is ServerType directive? .conf. but never listens to it.techinterviews. however. so no user will actually enter the site with root rights.com> ServerAdmin admin@techinterviews.techinterviews.That one root process opens port 80.In Apache 2 you need to have a listen directive.

In case of ambiguity deny always takes precedence over allow.10. 11. 2007 8:39 am . killall on solaris kills all processes. On Solaris. not just the ones matching a pattern. you’d be much better off with “pkill httpd”. 2. Jasbir Singh Said: July 11th. What is mod_vhost_alias? . Categories: Web dev.It allows hosting multiple sites on the same server via simpler configurations. 12. Unix/Linux | Networking questions Simple FreeBSD questions | 3 Responses to “Apache interview questions” 1. Pushkar Said: October 26th. 2006 10:17 am You would NOT want to do “killall httpd” on a Solaris machine. If you specify both deny from all and allow from all. 2007 12:50 pm You just stop the service with following command : service httpd stop 3.It creates a new user in a specified group. what will be the default action of Apache? . What does htpasswd do? . and asks to specify a password for that user. Andrew Said: November 16th.

list (for yourself) examples of when you used the skill.Jasbir’s option is best. 1. what song would be playing? If you were going to be an animal on . If you were on a merry-go-round. exhibited the characteristic or handled the problem.com . This will not only give you ’short stories’ to relate in an interview. experience or situation that might occur or be needed going forward. it will also bolster your confidence and target your job search.Interview questions for tech companies Popular interview questions and answers Surendra Singh Tomar sent in this excellent set of interview Q&A. Describe a challenging work issue you had to face. It is always a good idea to make lists in preparation for interviews: New job will need I can provide Proof/example For your proofs. service httpd stop is the best choice to stop the httpd service. 2. and how you dealt with it? Consider what would be the requirements of the ‘new’ job/organization and find something in your past that highlights a skill. TechInterviews.

has real meaning for you or is important for whatever reason and attach it to the merry go round but refocus the question to he importance of the song and make it brief but interesting “words tell but stories sell. How do you handle conflict? On the job.3. We know one person who asks the question and feels it is meaningful. We have never heard her say anyone was rejected because of the animal selected. procedures . Or if you are really clueless give a song that you have always liked. Give the question your focused attention and go with your instincts. there are many possible sources of conflict. Don’t feel stupid just feel like you have run into a very unusual situation. the person you are dealing with may not have a clue and just asked because he/she felt like it. If you are interviewing for a creative position.” As for the animal. what would you be?” Congratulations! You have found the unusual interviewer asking a rare question. Conflicts with: fellow employees management rules. On the other hand. give the animal that you want to be (even if you think the question is ridiculous and you really need this job) your total attention and focus. have fun with it. the merry-go-round. She is into Yoga and looks for the person to be thoughtful in response. Be ready to say why you chose the tune you did. then the question is most appropriate because the interviewer may be attempting to evaluate your creativity and your ability to deal with an offbeat question. Perhaps tell a brief story that reminds you of merry go rounds in your own experience.

customers demands of work vs. This might involve other members of the work team discussing the problem and offering possible solutions. Considering the job opening. the ability to deal with difficult people. I would then try to pick the solution which appears to have the best outcome and put it into action. education and talents) is to ’skill-match’. An integral part of skill assessment (looking at your own experience.” A natural follow-up to this would be: Tell me when you solved a conflict at work. When there is a conflict I usually try to determine the source of the problem and see if it can be solved.4. what are the skills needed? Make a list of the requisite skills (in priority order) and then list concrete examples of your possession of the skill. So. “I know everything cannot run smoothly at work all the time. you could list experiences and examples of how you were successful . go with it. For ‘proof’ of this skill. personal life. For example: a sales representative would need good interpersonal skills. In what way do you think you can contribute to our company? Preparing to answer this question requires a 2-step preparation: assessing your skills and researching the needs of the company. clients. Even if not asked. you can offer your story! If it proves your point and accentuates a skill needed for the position. family The best way to approach a good answer is to look at if from the employers point of view—they want to be your first priority and they want you to solve problems (not bring them any). have a brief example… a short story… to illustrate your approach.

you are in a great position to come up with concrete examples of what you can offer the company. Can you think on your feet? Do you adhere to the rules? Consider the type of organization you are aiming at… each has its own culture. in a difficult situation. I have increased sales __… . is just another version of “Why should we hire you?”. a sales representative with a proven ability to meet with all types of people and to be able to assess and meet their immediate needs would be a great asset. by the way. This question. given the specifics of the company. what appears to be the current problems at the organization. . when asked this question. With your plans to expand into ____ market.com. based upon your research? What are their needs that you can meet? In other words. The World Wrestling Federation entertainment culture is different than the American Bible Society and also different from Amazon. So pick something that is more usual than not (not the day of a plant explosion and you saved 10 lives!) but a story that shows how you handle yourself.” Tell me a story. In the interview. you could respond with: “In my experience in sales. In the past __ years. Next. what value can you add? After these two steps. These matched skills are your key selling points..5. handle difficult people or situations. Many interviewers like to hear ’stories’ or examples from your work life. I know having the ability to deal effectively with all types of people is not merely a positive element — it is an essential one.

was not earth shattering in the results.) What are some of the things you find difficult to do? The interviewer is looking to determine how well you know yourself. since you are so wise and are always willing to learn. to learn from mistakes. (Do not neglect skills obtained in extracurricular activities. such as volunteer work. This is a version of ‘damning with faint praise’ by picking an incident that was minor in scope but. This should be easy if you have done a realistic skill inventory for yourself. 8. Look back over your work experience for examples of challenges… speaking in public at a meeting. and one which you learned and applied this knowledge recently. If you have an example. certainly pick one that happened a while back. Tell us about your analytical skills. disagreeing with a manager over an important issue. employers are more interested in your ability to cope. how you react to difficult situations/tasks and credibility. You can now give specific examples of skills you can offer.6. being asked to use a . has taught you a valuable lesson. 7. Gear your stories to give the listener a feeling that you could fit in… you could do the job here. listing what skills you do have and how you can offer proof of this skill (where you learned it. focus on various analytical skills and match them to the skills you feel are most important for the job you are considering. and to deal with others who are less than perfect. last used it). Tell me about a time when you tried and failed? Has this ever happened to you? No one expects perfection actually. Working off your inventory.

a problem overcome or a weakness being dealt with. there was a problem with a supplier and I was asked to update senior management… immediately. I gathered the information and presented it simply and in detail.” Organization is strictly domestic. The supply chain was crucial to the completion of an important project we had been working on for 5 months and decisions had to be made based on the information I had to prepare and present on a moment’s notice. Most people have 5-6 careers in their working lifetime —some with 2 careers going at the same time (like us). “I always seem to need a day or two to prepare myself to give a presentation to department heads. I still prefer advance notice but I know I can deliver when asked to. Since I understood the situation. The best advice is to be certain to relate your answers to the organization that interviews you. It comes down to where you are in your professional life and what you want to do. The facts spoke for themselves.” What are your short and long term goals? No one can make goals for you. I plan out all the details in advance and rehearse. When I know I have to give a report on my projects. One time.) If you do your research into the . Do not make a point of having goals that cannot be realized there (”I want to work in Paris. I was able to make it clear to management and get a rapid decision. software program you have not had an opportunity to learn… These ’stories’ should illustrate a lesson learned.9. It was much easier than I thought without the hours of concern and practice.

I applied for a transfer to a more advanced position. In five years. I have been able to assume greater responsibilities and add more value to the organization. I feel I will have continued to learn.” 11. Once I had my degree. I learn quickly on the job and am willing to take classes and workshops to augment my experience. One way to answer this question is to look back on your accomplishments to date: “I started out in my profession as a junior clerk while I completed my college studies during the evenings. you will be able to come up with reasonable responses. No one is going to come back to you in five years and chastise you for not meeting these goals! You will not be held to them… it is only an interview and they are interested in how you see yourself (and they want to see you in the job. and into what you truly want to do in the future. Where do you see yourself in five years? This is the interviewer trying to see how you are in making long range plans and if you have goals that mesh with the organization’s. What can you add to what we have already asked you that should make us want to hire you? Think grocery shopping… all those brands in the soap aisle . I do not imagine it to change. to grow into a position of more responsibility and will have made a significant contribution to the organization.organization. I do not think in terms of titles… I think more in terms of “How can I solve this problem? Since this has been my career style to date.) 10. citing my on-the-job training. This has been my pattern for my career with my past 2 employers.

being a mentor to other teachers. Remember the comics. Superman? On TV. An example may be “Customer service is a two-piece reaction. faster than a speeding bullet. he sold himself… stronger than a locomotive. 12. Think a 1 minute infomercial about yourself. Do not think it too late — send a strong thank you and include in your request for the job the key reasons why you are the best candidate. What does “customer service” mean to you? Think of yourself as a customer — what do you expect from salespeople … regardless of the circumstances and/or the problem. Each one comes with its own key selling points. What are your key selling points? Plan this out ahead of time for the next interview… or include in a thank you letter for this past interview. If you can give a brief story or two of what you have witnessed as extraordinary examples of customer service behavior. What are your core strengths? Is it communicating with children. being able to keep topics current and interesting… . Increased reading scores by using… Math scores jumped __% due to my … Offer some proof from your past to support your claims.” See if that makes sense and if you sound convincing when you do practice it. able to leap tall buildings in a single bound. Think of what is needed to be successful in the job and how you specifically meet those needs—provide examples. second — problem solving. First—respect. But it is your ability to assess the situation and analyze your potential contributions that will sell your candidacy. By using yourself as a focal point you will .begging for your attention.

Change in management… wanted to bring in own staff 5. if you were interested in marketing. Competition is keen in that area but you have an advantage in that you product offers features that others do not. Why do you want to leave this job after only four months? Well.” It is not only showing that you have done the research but also that you like/know what you have learned about the company and have applied it to how you can add value in the position. reorganization All of these will probably prompt a follow-up question. Downsizing. “I understand that you are one of the top 10 companies in sales to Europe but are currently interested in expanding your market into Asia. (Note that this job . What do you know about our company? If you can relate your knowledge to the area that you would be involved in.be able to enunciate clearly your understanding of customer service. Do not fabricate… but most interviewers have heard these stories before and really are not interested in all the gory details.. it would show that already you have an active interest in the organization. Organization changed its focus/goals 3. such as… . For example. 14. Job was not as it was described to me 2. 13. Organization could not effectively use my talents/skills 4. why did you? What is the closest to the truth: 1.

15. product base. You are not a capricious person—job hopping. You have skills to offer and want to put them into good use.need not be included on your resume since it was of such a short duration but may have to be included in a application form if it looks to account for all your time. I am very excited about your plans to start an entire new line of products. employees/management team or recent history. and many employees have been misled. “In the past. there is a lot of room for exaggeration in a sales pitch. What do you wish to gain from our company? Excellent question! Research is the answer (know everyone is tired of hearing this but we feel this is one great way for applicants to make a difference in their candidacy). Having done single products. I have had opportunities to work on new products being launched. stress your past performance. I would love to be in on . With my prior experience I know I can provide insights and make contributions immediately and I will also learn so much from the excellent team you have in place.) Circumstances also come to play… did you leave your other job to take this 4 month job? or did you ‘try’ it while already unemployed… hoping for the best? If you were recruited to change jobs. Determine some of the key elements in the corporate structure. If you have held other jobs for substantial periods and you took the other job in good faith. What appeals to you about working at this company? Go with what you know.

which is another way of asking this question 16. It already sounds like you have positive reasons for wanting to work for the national company—go with that.” Finding something specific… the opportunity to use a new technology. Use your research to put forth several points about the company that you feel will be a great match (for the company) and suit your particular skills and experiences. Emphasize the fact that this opportunity to work for .the give-and-take meetings planning the new line… there is much I can offer but also much for me to learn. “If presently employed. What do you think the employee’s responsibilities are to the company? As an employee you have several responsibilities to your employer. it is also wise to have consensus as to the reasons that you are leaving. This same question is sometimes asked on interviews as well so it is important to have a good answer. a new skill. Additionally. They are as follows: to perform a good day’s work to be loyal to act as part of the team to value the relationship to earn the employer’s trust to grow with a passion for the product/service. why do you wish to change positions”. The reason I am changing positions because the company I am applying at is known nationwide I want to work for a company with their background and one that I can retire from. Why do you want to change jobs? When asked on an application. what do you put down. if you decide to leave your current employer. 17. to work with ‘experts on their team”… are ways for you to find job satisfaction.

them is ‘just what you have been looking for’ because… . enthusiastic employee that can offer experience to their organization… for many years to come.) Model your responses to the . What is the team environment of the organization that you are interviewing—do they have a strong. Find concrete examples when you had to pull it all together and get motivated to get the job done. when asked why you left. Note: If appropriate. it can have negative connotations. point out that you are not just ‘looking around’ but are sincerely interested in working for this particular company and that you are not a ‘job-hopper’ but are interested in a long-term career move. organized teambased work environment or is it based on informal authority and fluctuating teams? Ideally. you should have had an opportunity to research and ask some questions about the organization to determine how they operate (and if indeed you want to work in that environment. 18. do not downgrade in any way your prior/current employer… leave the interviewer with the feeling that you have only been associated with winners! Do not go into the ‘I can retire from this job’ aspect. Present yourself as a vital. What motivates you? Other than looking into your past experiences… .and then go into several ways you can add value to the organization. Remember. What things make a good team member? Consider first the situational context of the question.times when you were motivated and times when you were not… no one but you has this answer. what does it for you? 19.

Also depends on where you are in the team—new member.organization. why do you . “If presently employed. How do you see yourself? How do you make yourself fit into a new team? How do you elicit cooperation from other team members? What do you think the organization’s biggest problem is relative to teams and teambuilding? And. Obviously. Be certain to have specific examples of how you have added value in the past and be enthusiastic on how you can add value to this organization. What do they need? What are the requirements for the position? What role does this job play in the overall goals of the organization? Research yourself. What skills and experiences and interests can you offer? How will you add value to the organization? How can you prove that you have the required skills and experience needed for the job? Do a skill matching exercise: The organization/job needs . what solution could you provide? 20. and i can provide… .... support.. Why do you feel we should hire you for this position? Before you submit a resume or draft a cover letter and certainly before you go to an interview you should do 2 things: Research the job and the organization.(skill/experience) and I have it because I did … . Do not forget… the organization is looking to solve a problem and you are selling yourself as a solution. 21. My ideas of what makes a good team member may be very different from yours—and from the organization. Why do you want to change jobs? When asked on an application. leader. you are describing yourself = good team member. The organization needs… .

point out that you are not just ‘looking around’ but are sincerely interested in working for this particular company and that you are not a ‘job-hopper’ but are interested in a long-term career move. if you decide to leave your current employer. what do you put down. when asked why you left. This same question is sometimes asked on interviews as well so it is important to have a good answer. It already sounds like you have positive reasons for wanting to work for the national company—go with that.wish to change positions”. Emphasize the fact that this opportunity to work for them is ‘just what you have been looking for’ because… . Remember. Present yourself as a vital. The reason I am changing positions because the company I am applying at is known nationwide I want to work for a company with their background and one that I can retire from. . it is also wise to have consensus as to the reasons that you are leaving. it can have negative connotations. Additionally.and then go into several ways you can add value to the organization. Use your research to put forth several points about the company that you feel will be a great match (for the company) and suit your particular skills and experiences. Note: If appropriate. enthusiastic employee that can offer experience to their organization… for many years to come. do not downgrade in any way your prior/current employer… leave the interviewer with the feeling that you have only been associated with winners! Do not go into the ‘I can retire from this job’ aspect.

that is the proper time to discuss salary. I will need to take a step back in salary. Employers are shopping. “Present compensation package is high five figures” gives a lot of leeway yet is not in error. trying to guess your price tag.22. Sharpen your sales skills… point out all the reasons why you are suited for the job. talk in term of ranges… and a compensation package. It is rare but some employers ask for W-2 forms or last salary stub to verify salary. let’s look into the real world when this is not the case most of the time. if pressed to disclose salary. What do you expect your starting salary to be? Discussions of salaries and compensation should not be held until an offer is made. You do not want to get caught in a lie (credibility is very important) so being up-front about willing to take a step back in order to invest in a new career can be impressive to an employer. Compensation is a necessity but not your prime motivator. Otherwise. given your level of experience? Pegging yourself mentally to the right . I don’t know how to handle the question ” What is your current salary”? If you have proceeded along interviews to the point when an offer is going to be made. 23. Have you done your homework? What is the price for this job in the marketplace? Have you checked out classified ads or online ads for similar positions? Are you within the range. why you are making the move to a new career and why you want to work there. This is one of those screening questions used to either screen in or screen out… so a response is important. With that said.

Remember the comics. Do you have enough information about this new job to determine your salary? If not… state it and ask for the information that is needed. able to leap tall buildings in a single bound. Think a 1 minute infomercial about . Superman? On TV. faster than a speeding bullet. I would like to know the reporting requirements and how many people I would be supervising. what are the skill levels and experience of my staff?” You can also ask “What are others in similar positions being paid?” When you can no longer stall or seek additional information… “Based on what you have told me and exclusive of other compensation elements I feel that the position would warrant a salary range of $_______ to $___________” Name a range such as $40. using a salary range should permit you to be negotiable. 24.000 to give both sides some wiggle room and allow for some give-and-take when benefits and other compensation is considered. What are your key selling points? Plan this out ahead of time for the next interview… or include in a thank you letter for this past interview. What can you add to what we have already asked you that should make us want to hire you? Think grocery shopping… all those brands in the soap aisle begging for your attention. If you know what you are willing to accept as salary and what the market pays. Each one comes with its own key selling points. Second step is sharing this information correctly. “Before I can discuss salary.000 to $45. In addition.price is the first step. he sold himself… stronger than a locomotive.

being able to keep topics current and interesting… . 25.yourself. Introduce yourself in a courteous manner. Write a thank-you letter to anyone you have spoken to. being a mentor to other teachers. Thank the interviewer. 5. Key people in the organization Major products or services Size in terms of sales and employees Locations other than your community Organizational structure of the company Major competitors View of the company by clients. 9. What are your core strengths? Is it communicating with children. give nonverbal feedback to the interviewer. suppliers. Ask about the next step in the process. 26. Do not think it too late — send a strong thank you and include in your request for the job the key reasons why you are the best candidate. 10. 3. 6. But it is your ability to assess the situation and analyze your potential contributions that will sell your candidacy. 7. Think of what is needed to be successful in the job and how you specifically meet those needs—provide examples. 4. Smile. Increased reading scores by using… Math scores jumped __% due to my … Offer some proof from your past to support your claims. 10 Steps to a Successful Interview 1. Arrive on time. 8. 2. Use body language to show interest. Read company materials while you wait. nod. Have a firm handshake. and competition . Listen.

What is a daemon? 8. at. Questions on file system creation. Questions on shell initialization scripts? 11. full system back up. incremental. How to list only the directories inside a directory (Ans. diff between tar & ufsdump 3. What is default permissions for others in a file? 10. mainly crontab. diff between hard link & softlink 4. How to recover a system whose root password has lost? 7. ls -l|grep "^d") 5. What is a pipe? 16.Interview questions for tech companies Topics for a Unix sysadmin interview 1. Questions on Solaris patch management like pkgadd etc 17. What is egrep? 14. TechInterviews.com . actually what happens when we create a file system? . Backup stetegy. RAID levels. Questions on shell programming 15. Questions on restricted shell 12. How to put a job in background & bring it to foreground? 9. batch command 2.Latest news reports on the company or on local or national news that affects the company. Job Scheduling. what is RAID 1+0 6. What is diff betwn grep & find? 13. pros & cons of diffrent levels.

Am eagerly looking forward for my career in Unix Administration( linux and Solaris )… .I want linux interview questions and answers. Fs it advisable to put a swap partion in RAID1 (mirroring?) pros & cons? Categories: Unix/Linux | Hardware architecture interview questions JavaScript interview questions | 12 Responses to “Topics for a Unix sysadmin interview” 1. 2006 9:16 am your interview questions are very good... 3.18. thank you. 2006 12:21 pm Kindly request you to post the solutions too for the above questions. which would help us all to succeed in facing interviews. 20. if possible provide with answer. Questions on RBAC? what is a role accound & what is a profile? 19. Raghavender Said: July 16th. chandru Said: July 7th. gopinath Said: June 5th. From command line how will you add a user account? the full command will all arguments. 2006 3:53 am I want GOOD LINUX INTERVIEW quastions. 2.

with the help of arrow keys.4. Raghavender Said: July 16th. 2006 12:41 pm Default permissions for Others for a file would be r– ( only read permssion ) 6. crontab . 2006 12:23 pm Deamons are background running applications… 5. Raghavender Said: July 16th.to run a job(in background) at regular intervals of time. 2006 1:36 pm 1. then after entering. there-in you can create a new password for the root —— or —– u can type init S which would take you to the Single user Mode and then continue typing the new password for the root user… 7. press ‘e’. it wud ask you for root password. crontab -l -> lists all the cronjobs running under ur login. highlight the second option which tells Kernel. Raghavender Said: July 16th. Raj Kumar Said: July 26th. 2006 12:46 pm To recover a system when the root password is lost— During reboot of the system. crontab -e -> to edit the cronjobs running under ur . which would go into Single User Mode. and the append the line with ‘S’ at the end of the sentence.

15. 8. at . find . bg to bring it to foreground. fg 12.patterns or expressions(stored in a file). Larry Jones Said: February 23rd. the output of a command will be provided as an input to another.to search for multiple . 13. egrep . A symbolic (soft) linked file and the targeted file can be located on the same or different file system while for a hard link they must be located on the same file system. crontab -r -> to remove all the cronjobs running under ur login. choose single session at right .login. grep . to move it to background. 8. 2007 12:03 pm forgotten root password for redhat ws ? At the login screen.command is for running a job at some point of time(given) {at list of jobs/scripts} 3.searching for a file and executing some commands on it.searching for a pattern in a file (or some files). pipe .redirection operator.

Sumir Said: May 23rd.bg and fg is to resume the process in background and fore ground respectively 11. 2007 11:42 am . 2007 3:28 pm Q> Which command would you use to trace system calls used by current processes? A> truss eg.8. truss cat /etc/resolv.. 2007 11:06 am 1)batch executes commands when system load levels permit.bottom of login screen. 12. sni Said: October 5th.conf 10. sni Said: October 5th. 2007 9:17 am to put a job in background we have to press ctrl+Z not bg. Wait. when the load average drops below 0. it will take to command prompt then type ‘passwd’. Change your password then type ‘exit’. or the value specified in the invocation of atrun. 9. radhakrishnan Said: July 6th. in other words.

For a single computer processor computer system. Are you familiar with the term MESI? 2. You have a driver that drives a long signal & connects to an input device.com . Explain the operation considering a two processor computer system with a cache for each processor. At the input device there is either overshoot. TechInterviews. Describe a finite state machine that will detect three consecutive coin tosses (of one coin) that results in heads.With ufsdump we have incremental backup and we take offline backup also where as with tar we cant do it. Explain the difference between write through and write back cache. In what cases do you need to double clock a signal before presenting it to a synchronous state machine? 5. What are the main issues associated with multiprocessor caches and how might you solve it? 9. .Interview questions for tech companies Hardware architecture interview questions 1. 8. what is the purpose of a processor cache and describe its operation? 7. Are you familiar with the term snooping? 3.2)Ufsdump is a flavour specific command for backup in Solaris where as tar is a general unix command for the backup. undershoot or signal threshold violations. what can be done to correct this problem? 6. 4.

Are you familiar with VHDL and/or Verilog? Categories: Hardware. Verilog is another hardware discription language but more powerful than VHDL. What compiler was used? 12. . How many bit combinations are there in a byte? 15. Assuming 1 clock per stage. Aniket Said: June 9th. what is the latency of an instruction in a 5 stage machine? What is the throughput of this machine ? 14. What are the total number of lines written in C/C++? What is the most complicated/valuable program written in C/C++? 11. Have you studied busses? What types? 13.10. 2006 6:39 am Suggestion fo Question No. Have you studied pipelining? List the 5 stages of a 5 stage pipeline. VHDL is used to design vary large scale integrated circuits. C++ | Tricky C questions Topics for a Unix sysadmin interview | 17 Responses to “Hardware architecture interview questions” 1. 16. It can simulate the wave form output of the proposed circuit. What is the difference between = and == in C? 16.: VHDL stands for Very high speed integrated circuit Hardware Discription Language.

2006 5:14 am for question 6 . 2006 6:47 am Answer for Question 14. VHDL has limilation of designing digital circuits only. Aniket Said: June 9th. 2006 5:11 am for question num. where as”==” will compare the two operands. 4. sunny Said: August 23rd. 2 data bus and 3 control bus in any kind of microprocessor or computer 5. 2. : There can be 2^8 combinations of bits in a byte.This will be used in Descion making statements. vijay Said: June 17th. sunny Said: August 23rd.Verilog can be used to design analog circuits as well. 3. 12 Basically there are 3 types of busses they r : 1 system bus. 2006 2:34 am for question no 15: “=” it assigns the value( of right side variable) to the left side.

William Stallings 7. Designing for performance. Potty Said: October 13th.6 Cache is required for temp storage due to vast difference in operating speed of processor and main memory. Wrote on August 23. Also i m doutful about this question 6.basically cache memory is a temporary memory tat is used by microprocessor. Obaid Said: October 24th. 2006 @ 5:11 am . hackcrackvirus Said: October 18th. 2006 3:45 am Question 13: Stage1: Instruction Fetch Stage2: Decode Stage 1 Stage3: Decode Stage 2 Stage4: Execute Stage5: Write back reference: Computer Organization & Architecture. 8. 2006 9:29 pm ***************** sunny said. 2006 7:40 am For que no.

You forgot about address bus. 2006 9:33 pm . 2006 9:30 pm Question 13: Most moder texts list the following stages of a pipeline: Instruction fetch Instruction decode and register fetch Execute Memory access Register write back 10. 9. 2 data bus and 3 control bus in any kind of microprocessor or computer ***************** System bus is just a data bus in a computer. Obaid Said: October 24th. 12 Basically there are 3 types of busses they r : 1 system bus. Obaid Said: October 24th.for question num. Obaid Said: October 24th. throughput = 1 11. 2006 9:32 pm Question 13: Latency = 5.

Ashish Said: October 31st.MESI represents the 4 states of cache: Modified Exclusive Shared Invalid This method is used in cache coherency and is applied in the Pentium family of processors. Even today I think most versions of GCC are able to compile itself. 12. Ashish Said: October 31st. GCC as we all know is a highly respected C\C++ compiler and its contributions to open source and C\C++ is unparalleled. In 1985 The first version of GCC was able to compile itself. 2006 11:21 pm “How many bit combinations are there in a byte?” . 2006 11:13 pm “What are the total number of lines written in C/C++? What is the most complicated/valuable program written in C/C++? ” I dont really know if there is single correct answer to this question but I feel a closer answer could be GCC. Another answer which I can think of is the Linux Kernel (as of now) 13.

sehma master . 2007 4:51 am Problem (3)–> . palani Said: March 1st. 2006 3:04 pm Cache memory is a small high-speed memory. I mean there are/were machines for which a byte != 8 bits.domain 16.Generally collection of 8 bits is called a byte. The cache memory is only in RAM 15. rid relative master . infrastructure master .forest 2 . pdc immodulat . 2007 7:15 am six roles of active dirretory forest and domain 1 . But the number can certainly vary depending on architecture of machines. It is used for temporary storage of data & information between the main memory and the CPU (center processing unit). das Said: December 7th. global catloge sever .forest 3 .domain 6 . domain naming operating master . Abhijit Singh Said: March 13th. 14.forest 4 .domain 5 .

What is a level 0 backup? 2. Name key files or directories on a UNIX system that should always be backed up. Level1 is used in cpu to have quick operation. 2007 7:28 am Cache memory is a small temporary memory in cpu. 5. What is RAID 0? . TechInterviews. Ramalingam Said: September 27th.H1 H2 H3 Start——->S1——>S2——>End/Final State |// Tail | Tail / / | 17. if the processor check the catch memeory then get the data from where means that term is called catch hit else catch miss.com .Interview questions for tech companies Sysadmin interview questions 1.which has two types called level1 and level2. But level2 is on the motherboard. 6. What steps are required to perform a bare-metal recovery? 4. Name key files or directories on a Windows system that should always be backed up. What is an incremental backup? 3.

A normal backup is the most complete type of backup. Why would you NOT want to encapsulate a root directory with Veritas? 10. manjunath Said: August 4th. What is a spindle? Categories: Unix/Linux. Windows | Network developer interview questions Electrical engineer interview questions | 17 Responses to “Sysadmin interview questions” 1. A normal backup takes the longest amount of time to back up and recover. What is RAID 0+1? Why is it better than 0? 8.7. A normal backup disregards the archive bit in all files and backs up all files and folders selected. regardless of when they were modified. What is striping? 12. What is RAID-5? 9. What is concatenation? 11. An incremental backup only backs up files that have been created or modified . and the only type of backup that can be used to back up the registry and other critical system files. A normal backup clears the archive bit on all files after backing up. 2005 11:29 am Ans Q1: level 0 backup is normal or full backup. Q2. An incremental backup is the quickest method for performing backups of data.

Single user striping uses relatively large data units. Q3.(their archive bit is set to 1) since the last normal or incremental backup. 3. Systems that implement disk striping generally allow the user to select the data unit size or stripe width. An incremental backup also clears the archive bit (sets the archive bit back to 0) of all files that it backs up. and improves performance on a single-user workstation by allowing parallel transfers from different disks. Multi-user striping uses smaller data units and improves performance in a multi-user environment by allowing simultaneous (or overlapping) read operations on multiple disk drives. Disk striping can speed up operations that retrieve data from disk storage. 2005 2:35 am . Disk striping is available in two types. Vivek Kumar Said: November 26th. start -> run -> type “ntbackup” -> ok -> next -> select restore -> next -> select backup files -> next -> finish 2. 2005 2:46 am 11Q What is striping? A technique for spreading data over multiple disk drives. vamsi Said: September 16th. The computer system breaks a body of data into units and spreads these units across the available disks. reinstall the os.

4... 2 to 32. Patsy Farkas Said: December 23rd.. RAID 0 is bascially a type of S/W RAID that ships with Windows Server.. 2005 12:21 pm Please send me the answers for Name key files or directories on a UNIX system that should always be backed up. What is RAID 0? What is RAID 0+1? Why is it better than 0? What is RAID-5? Why would you NOT want to encapsulate a root directory with Veritas? What is concatenation? What is striping? What is a spindle? . Name key files or directories on a Windows system that should always be backed up. you can use this with disks Betw. The data is distributed into different parts and the placed over different volumes and hence improving the responce time.Question 6: RAID’s are of 2 types H/W and S/W RAID. It is a highly perfomance striped volume without parity. you can not mirror a striped volume rather u can make fault toulerent by backing it up.

2006 5:20 am ple send me the answers for these questions: What is RAID 0? What is RAID 0+1? Why is it better than 0? What is RAID-5? Why would you NOT want to encapsulate a root directory with Veritas? What is concatenation? What is striping? What is a spindle? 7. oghma Said: February 5th. 2006 6:50 pm Q4: /etc.5. ksahu Said: December 26th. elumalai Said: January 27th. swapnatummala Said: January 5th. /boot. RAID 0-EACH FILE HAS A BACKUP. 2006 10:56 am #5. /home Q5: “%SystemDrive%\Documents and Settings” . 8. 2005 2:19 am What is RAID 0? What is RAID 0+1? Why is it better than 0? What is RAID-5? 6.RAID-REDUNDANT ARRAY OF INDEPENDENT DISKS.

2006 11:24 am Q6: Level 0 — Striped Disk Array without Fault Tolerance: Provides data striping (spreading out blocks of each file across multiple disk drives) but no redundancy.wikipedia. 11. No redundancy. If one drive fails then all data in the array is lost. Jeff Said: October 12th. Ashish Said: April 26th. Raja Said: June 16th.4 th one s spare in case 2 nd paratation s failed spare (i mean 4 th ) s activate to 2 nd partation 12. 2006 7:42 am raid 0: its a striping process that means datas dividing raid 1: its a mirroring process so that raid 1 s better than raid 0 raid5:this s also striping and parity process in this raid 5 used 4 partations. This improves performance but does not deliver fault tolerance. . myke Said: February 21st. 2006 6:06 am Number 10 answer is http://en.org/wiki/Concatenation 10.9. 2006 12:52 pm RAID 0: Striping. Data is spread across multiple disks.

and a 10 GB drive are combined to present a 40GB drive to the OS. e. 2 drives. as well as redundancy. then duplicated to identical disk setups. This way data can be reconstructed using the pairity information. RAID 5: RAID with parity. Because of this. What is Concatination? Concatination is a process whereby multple disk drives are combined into a larger volume. .g. Faster than 0+1.RAID 1: Mirrioring. root disk encapsulation requires kernel-level drivers in most cases.5. This provides speed. Why would you NOT want to do root-disk encapsulation with Veritas? This is not nessacarily the case anymore with versions of VxFS greater than 4. but not as redundant. Data is striped across multiple disks. RAID 1+0: Mirroring + Striping: _MIRRORS_ are striped across multiple disks. encapsulating the root partition can make it unreadable in a bare-metal recovery situation. RAID 0+1: Striping + Mirroring: Data is striped across 2 or more disks. 1 30 GB drive. Data written to a mirror is duplicated to a second disk or volume. A disk or disks in a RAID-5 set is reserved for parity information.

the rotating shaft. The block-size is typically called an ‘interlace’ or ‘interleave’ factor. ALL data on a system is copied. # What is an incremental backup? An Incremental backup is copying data that has only changed since the last FULL backup. This makes writing and reading data much faster than writing to a single disk. Data being written is split into small blocks (832K typically) and written across as many drives that are in the striped volume.. Jeff Said: October 12th. This is typically done with identical drives.What is Striping? Striping is a process whereby data is split across multiple disks. However . The reason this question could be relevant is that when discussing RAID. What is a spindle? Spindles are the center-points of disk drives. There is software out there that can assist with this. 13. it’s not uncommon to hear terms like “Spliting data across as many spindles as possible to achieve performance”… i think this term has started to fall out of use however. # What steps are required to perform a bare-metal recovery? Most bare-metal recovery solutions require that a minimal OS be installed back onto the system. 2006 12:59 pm # What is a level 0 backup? Level 0 backups are also known as “full” backups.

LINUX Systems: /etc .it’s usually easier to just boot a box from a CD or network server.Linux kernel information /var/log .additional log directory for Solaris. /var/adm . A normal backup is the most complete type of backup. SOLARIS systems: /etc . Perry Bryant Said: October 18th. # Name key files or directories on a Windows system that should always be backed up c:\ :) 14.system configuration information. A normal backup clears the archive bit on all files after backing up.preserve log data for forensics if needed. regardless of when they were modified. /var/log . # Name key files or directories on a UNIX system that should always be backed up.System configuration information. A normal backup takes the longest amount of time to back up and recover. A normal backup disregards the archive bit in all files and backs up all files and folders selected. 2006 11:36 am 1.Log data for forensics if needed. . and the only type of backup that can be used to back up the registry and other critical system files. /boot . What is a level 0 backup? Level 0 backup is normal or full backup. install a base OS. and recover from the last known good backup.

An incremental backup also clears the archive bit (sets the archive bit back to 0) of all files that it backs up.What is RAID 0+1? Why is it better than 0? · RAID 0: Striping. 5.2. Data written to a mirror is duplicated to a second disk or volume. start -> run -> type “ntbackup” -> ok -> next -> select restore -> next -> select backup files -> next -> finish 4. Name key files or directories on a UNIX system that should always be backed up. If one drive fails then all data in the array is lost. Data is spread across multiple disks. An incremental backup only backs up files that have been created or modified (their archive bit is set to 1) since the last normal or incremental backup. 7. What steps are required to perform a bare-metal recovery? Reinstall the OS. 6. · RAID 0+1: Striping + Mirroring: Data is striped . What is an incremental backup? An incremental backup is the quickest method for performing backups of data. What is RAID 0? Striped Disk Array without Fault Tolerance: Provides data striping (spreading out blocks of each file across multiple disk drives) but no redundancy. Name key files or directories on a Windows system that should always be backed up. 3. No redundancy. This improves performance but does not deliver fault tolerance. · RAID 1: Mirroring.

Why would you NOT want to encapsulate a root directory with Veritas? Encapsulating the root partition can make it unreadable in a bare-metal recovery situation. 8. The computer system breaks a body of data into units and spreads these units across the available disks. A disk or disks in a RAID-5 set is reserved for parity information. Systems that implement disk striping generally allow the user to select the data unit size or stripe width. Disk striping can speed up operations that retrieve data from disk storage. · RAID 5: RAID with parity. but not as redundant.across 2 or more disks. · RAID 1+0: Mirroring + Striping: _MIRRORS_ are striped across multiple disks. What is concatenation? Concatenation is the operation of joining two character strings end to end. What is striping? A technique for spreading data over multiple disk drives. and improves performance on a single-user workstation by allowing parallel transfers from different disks. 10. and then duplicated to identical disk setups. This way data can be reconstructed using the parity information. Single user striping uses relatively large data units. This provides speed. Data is striped across multiple disks. Faster than 0+1. Disk striping is available in two types. Multi-user striping uses smaller data units and improves performance in a multi-user environment by allowing . as well as redundancy. 9.

How?? 16. 11. it’s not uncommon to hear terms like “Splitting data across as many spindles as possible to achieve performance” 12. If I put 2 new HDD wat about the Configuration of Raid 5??or we have configure RAID 5. The reason this question could be relevant is that when discussing RAID.simultaneous (or overlapping) read operations on multiple disk drives. Kilgore Trout Said: January 26th. .. What is a spindle? Spindles are the center-points of disk drives.. 2006 8:45 am I can put 30 HDD in a Dell server(configuration of Raid 5)in between two HDD was get problem. 15. RAID 0-EACH FILE HAS A BACKUP. on that time wat we have to do?? I have out 2 New HDD …. the rotating shaft. What is RAID? REDUNDANT ARRAY OF INDEPENDENT DISKS. 2007 10:03 am Why would you NOT want to do root-disk encapsulation with Veritas? Because it loses the slice information. Basha Said: December 23rd.

2 The parity information is stored distributed in different disk . Raid 5: Disk stripping with parity. 6 no protection from controller failure. 4 Parity information is stored in other Harddisk is automatically updated to failed one. the mirrored drives as just inaccesible. . 1 Raid 5 is in-expensive. 3 If one of the disk fails . sankaranarayanan Said: February 1st. Raid 5 Raid 0 is with out Fault tolerance. 5 If more than one disk fails. it should be restored from backup. it is hot swappable. 2007 8:42 am Raid 0.: if controller failure . Raid 1. 5 Increased cost every mirror must be seperate physical device thus you must purchase twice the storage capacity. Raid 1…Disk mirroring is the basic function occurs.nothing will be retrived. 2 It uses one controller 3 If one drive fails system will boot with other drive. 4 slow performance. 1) It creats exact copy of one physical harddisk to another.17. It is completely Software based and higly secured technology. but very convinient.

What does the pkgadd command do? 2. What is an alternative to the “top” command on Solaris? 9. How do you boot from a Network with jumpstart? 16. How do you create a solaris package? 3. What does init 0 do? 13.com . What does init 5 do? 12. sankarnarayanan. What is OBP and how do you access it? 6. What does fmthard do? . Are kernel parameters tunable during runtime? 20. What is the difference between NFS version 2 and NFS version 3? 18. What is LOM and how do you access it? 7. What is VTS? 8. How do you get system diagnostics information? 5. What is /etc/system for? 10.Regards. What does ndd do? 11.G TechInterviews. How do you view shared memory statistics? 4. What is JASS? 17. How do you boot from CD-ROM? 14. What is jumpstart? 15. What is RPC? Why do I need it? 19.Interview questions for tech companies Solaris interview questions 1.

Categories: Unix/Linux, General | General UNIX interview questions Network administrator interview questions | 21 Responses to “Solaris interview questions”
1.

praveena Said: August 31st, 2005 8:42 am What does the pkgadd command do? pkgadd is used to add a package to the solaris.It installs the package in the /usr/local directory by default.

2.

praveena Said: August 31st, 2005 8:44 am What is an alternative to the “top” command on Solaris? The alternative to the top command is prstat command in solaris It will give the status of each and every process.

3.

Ananta Gampaa Said: September 15th, 2005 12:25 pm Comment for 16. The Solaris Security Toolkit, formerly known as the JumpStart Architecture and Security Scripts (JASS) toolkit, provides a flexible and extensible mechanism to harden and audit Solaris Operating Systems (OSs).

4.

Ananta Gampaa Said: September 15th, 2005 12:25 pm Comment 18. RPC:A call to a procedure in a different address space. In a traditional procedure call, the calling procedure and the called procedure are in the same address space on one machine. In a remote procedure call, the calling procedure invokes a procedure in a different address space and usually on a different machine.

5.

JP Said: July 3rd, 2006 12:53 am Comment 11. init 5 will shutdown and Power-off the server.

6.

JP Said: July 3rd, 2006 12:54 am Comment 12. init 0 will bring the server to the ok> prompt (Fourth monitor)

7.

JP Said: July 3rd, 2006 12:56 am Comment 10: ndd command will hardcore the speed of the network interface card.

8.

JP Said: July 3rd, 2006 12:59 am

Comment 5: OBP is called as Open Boot PROM. This OBP can be accessiable thru ok> prompt (Fourth monitor)
9.

JP Said: July 3rd, 2006 1:04 am Comment 4: You can get system diagonostics information thru prtdiag command. And you can execute this command by /usr/platform/’uname -m’/sbin/prtdiag -v|more

10. Meeta

Shukla Said: July 17th, 2006 4:34 am comment 13: Booting form CD-ROM can be done by the command ok >boot cdrom

11. Meeta

Shukla Said: July 17th, 2006 4:37 am comment 5: Open Boot PROM cand be accessed by two methods a. OK prompt > printenv,setenv,nvalias…… b. #eeprom

12. Sivakumar

Said: October 11th, 2006 1:08 am What is /etc/system for? /etc/system is a kernal file of Solaris OS.

What does fmthard do? fmthard will create partitions in a new disk as in a already created/designed disk. For example we can get output from prtvtoc command and give as a input to the new disk as follows. prtvtoc /dev/rmt/c0t0d0s0 > a | fmthard /dev/rmt/c1todos1
13. suresh

Krishnan Said: November 15th, 2006 2:24 am Commment 15 :How do you boot from a Network with jumpstart? boot net - install comment 13 :How do you boot from CD-ROM? boot cdrom

14. Jagannath

Said: November 20th, 2006 3:42 pm Comment 14: What is jumpstart? The Jumpstart feature is an automatic installation process available in the Solaris operating environment. It allows system administrators to categorize machines on their network and automatically install systems based on the category to which a system belongs.

15. Srinivasa

Murthy Said: February 17th, 2007 1:23 pm Q.14 Make sure 1. The Install server or boot server is in the same local network segment as client with network link up 2. NFS service are running on Jumpstart server 3. The tftp service are running. To start uncomment the tftp entry in /etc/initd.conf and restart the inet service.

16. Smitha

Said: April 19th, 2007 4:38 am 6.What is LOM Short for LAN on motherboard. The term refers to a chip or chipset capable of network connections that has been embedded directly on the motherboard of a desktop, workstation or server. Instead of requiring a separate network interface card to access a local-area network, such as Ethernet, the circuits are attached to the motherboard. An advantage of a LOM system is an extra available PCI slot that is not being used by the network adapter.

17. Smitha

Said: April 19th, 2007 4:41 am

20) What does fmthard do? The fmthard command updates the VTOC (Volume Table of Contents) on hard disks and, on systems, adds boot information,to the Solaris fdisk partition. One or more of the options,-s datafile, -d data, or -n volume_name must be used to request modifications to the disk label. To print disk label contents, see prtvtoc.The /dev/rdsk/c?[t?]d?s2 file must be the character special file of the device where the new label is to be installed. On systems, fdisk must be run on the drive before fmthard.
18. Avneesh

Said: June 7th, 2007 6:04 am for question 14 Jumpstart installation There is some rules kind of stuff for installing and configuruing the particular machine. because after insatlling fro the jumpstart procedure the machine should br configured accoring to the user requirements….

19. Riju

Said: July 22nd, 2007 12:34 pm 1. What does the pkgadd command do? Used for adding packages to the OS 2. How do you create a solaris package?

http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/packages/solaris/sparc/htm l/creating.solaris.packages.html 3. How do you view shared memory statistics? swap -l -> displays swap usage prstat -> examines all active processes on the system and reports statistics based on the selected output mode and sort order vmstat -> reports information about processes, memory, paging, block IO, traps, and cpu activity pmap -> lists the virtual memory mappings underlying the given process 4. How do you get system diagnostics information? prtdiag -v -> Shows mem, cpu, Power supply, add-on cards info, LEd status iostat -En -> Shows disk status.(look for hard error) /var/adm/messages -> Logs most commont failures and the entire system events Extended POST -> This can be done at boot time. ipmitool -> Shows voltage, fanspee, led status etc… 5. What is OBP and how do you access it? Open Boot PROM -> Similar to a BIOS in a pc, but a lot more powerful

Any changes that are made to the file are not .Stop+A -> from OS (Not recommended) init 0 -> gracefully brings machine to ok> prompt from OS 6. devices 8. diagnosing issues when machine fails to come up LOM will be active long soon as power is coming to the Server 7. What is an alternative to the “top” command on Solaris? prstat 9. Values specified in this file are read at boot time and are applied. What is /etc/system for? The /etc/system file provides a static mechanism for adjusting the values of kernel parameters. What is VTS? Sun Validation Test Suite -> tests and validates Sun hardware by verifying the configuration and functionality of hardware controllers. What is LOM and how do you access it? LOM -> Lights out manager Powerful CLI interface which helps to get info about the Server this can be connected via local (Serial management) or over the LAN (Net management) can be used for remote administration.

tweak.Chinna Venkanna Babu Said: August 12th. 2007 4:02 am What is the difference between pkgadd -d and patchadd -d command ? 21. What does ndd do? allows you to tune. 2007 4:07 am when a software pkg is added. R. the pkgadd command uncompresses and copies file from installation media to the local system’s disk. What does init 5 do? Gracefully powers down the system (OS) and powers the machine off 12. How do you boot from CD-ROM? boot cdrom 20. R. 10.Chinna Venkanna Babu Said: August 12th. What does init 0 do? Gracefully powers down the system (OS) and drops to OBP ie ok> prompt 13. set and reset various parameters related to the TCP/IP stack while the system is running 11.applied to the operating system until the system is rebooted. .

Interview questions for tech companies Interview questions for Linux admin 1. Differences between two last MySQL versions. Main differences between Apache 1. (even a PHP guest book may work well) 12. What would you do? 10.x. Which Linux distros do you have experience with? 7. wlan0. 3. Which one would you choose and when/why? 5. etc.x and 2.patchadd is used to install unpacked patches to the solaris operating environment.x not so popular? Which one would you choose and when/why? 6. What’s eth0. Why is 2. Differences between ipchains and iptables. Which tool do you prefer for Apache log reports? 11. Why have you choosen such a combination of products? 4. You’re asked to write an Apache module.com . ttyS0. Which distro you prefer? Why? 8. Which tool would you use to update Debian / Slackware / RedHat / Mandrake / SuSE ? 9. Advantages/disadvantages of script vs compiled program. 14. TechInterviews. ppp0. 2. Name a replacement for PHP/Perl/MySQL/Linux/Apache and show main differences. Your portfolio. What does ‘route’ command do? 13. .

5. df -lk . Write allows you to create. 4. Why? TechInterviews. What 16. What is the difference between a soft link and a hard link? A symbolic (soft) linked file and the targeted file can be located on the same or different file system while for a hard link they must be located on the same file system. 3. Execute gives you the permissions to run programs or shells from the directory. write. 6. edit and delete files and subdirectories in the directory. are different directories in / for? Partitioning scheme for new webserver.Interview questions for tech companies Linux admin interview questions 1. Read allows you to see and list the directory contents. and execute permissions on a UNIX directory. How do you list the files in an UNIX directory while also showing hidden files? ls -ltra How do you execute a UNIX command in the background? Use the “&”.15. Give the command to display space usage on the UNIX file system. 2.com . What UNIX command will control the default file permissions when files are created? umask Explain the read.

Kyle Said: June 7th. set up disks. iostat reports on terminal. kernel parameters. 2004 3:20 am first command: ls -a (or -A if you don’t care about . 7. r reverses sort order. They are unimportant to the question.. Briefly. Give two UNIX kernel parameters that effect an Oracle install. t sorts by modification time. SHMMAX & SHMMNI 10. netstat reports on the contents of network data structures. Unix/Linux | Software tester (SQA) interview questions Oracle DBA interview questions | 5 Responses to “Linux admin interview questions” 1. vmstat and netstat. How would you change all occurrences of a value using VI? %s/(old value)/(new value)/g 9. how do you install Oracle software on UNIX? Basically. Background a process: clarification. and . disk. Categories: Database. and run orainst. -l gives more detail. disk and tape I/O activity. tape and CPU activity. Put the & after the command to be executed. 8.Explain iostat. vmstat reports on virtual memory statistics for processes. the only thing that matters is the a parameter. directories). ex: cp file1 file2 & .

reiserfs partition mounted /mnt/b. This is why they can point to things on different filesystems.). etc. as long as they are mounted in a consistent spot. this isn’t magic. symlink /mnt/a/mylink -> /mnt/b/my_real_file If b were unmounted. Ex: ext2 partition mounted /mnt/a. that you don’t have with hard links. extra parameters. Thus it matters where on the visibly exposed hierarchy a file resides. There is time spent handling this redirection. on linux. There is no redirection here as there is with symlinks. This parameter is redundant. it uses the unit that makes the . -k means the numbers are given as multiples of 1KiB. Honestly. the link would also not work. Accessing a symlink makes it need to find the symlink. then go to the real file. if a were mounted again as b. so an environment variable that is rarely set might make this parameter needed.soft(symbolic)/hard link: soft link is a pointer to something else in the file hierarchy. -l limits to local file systems (ignore network fs’s like samba. Hard link: different inodes representing the same physical location on the disk. disk usage: again. Posix says 512B blocks are to be used. realize it’s a symlink. I prefer -h. Obviously can’t go outside of its partition boundaries (and be legal). this link goes away. Thus /file1 and /file2 are hardlinked to the same physical location on the disk.

” Not the last time I checked. it’ll say 3. it’ll say 10M. it does not.4GiB free. edit and delete files and subdirectories in the directory.) This also means that having read permission on a directory is not sufficient to “ls” it (”Read allows you to see and list the directory contents.most sense. (Permission to stat() a file requires execute permission on all parent directories. Permission to edit files and subdirectories (where “edit a subdirectory” means “create and delete files in it”) is controlled by the write bit on those files and subdirectories. Permission to run a program or a shell script is controlled by the execute bit on that program or script.” No. programs run by the applicable user. If I have 3. . Bryan Said: October 29th. If I have 10MiB free. The execute bit on a directory controls whether the applicable user (actually. and suffixes it. 2004 8:03 am “Write allows you to create.4G 2.-) Write permission on a directory only allows you to create and delete files and subdirectories. “Execute gives you the permissions to run programs or shells from the directory.” — the first . but same difference) can chdir() into it. and whether they can stat() files in the directory or any subdirectory.

my experience is limited to Linux ext3 — it is possible that these permissions are specific to it. but I don’t think so. . Anonymous Said: November 23rd.) 3. but only as part of an error message saying that stat()s failed. which will fail if the directory is not executable for the user. hard links have the same inode but two different filenames. In short: read permission allows readdir() syscalls. Execute permission allows chdir() syscalls. Tim Said: December 8th. My GNU ls tries to stat() every file in the directory it’s listing. It will still print the filenames (which shows that the opendir()/readdir() calls were allowed).sentence of the answer). (However. 2004 11:17 am how do you bless the system folder 4. as it does not call stat()). 2006 5:44 am Kyle. My GNU bash will also expand wildcards targeted to the non-executablebut-readable directory (this only requires permission to readdir(). Write permisson allows creating and deleting files and subdirectories. at least not with all GNU ls versions. and stat() syscalls on all child filesystem elements (files and directories).

So the actual command will be :n. TechInterviews. Gagan Said: June 4th. A: Make sure that COL1 and COL2 have indexes.Interview questions for tech companies Unix sysadmin interview questions Q: How would you make the following SQL statement run faster? SELECT * FROM TABLEA WHERE COL1=’A’ AND COL2=’B'.com . 2007 5:57 pm In the vi editor for replacing a string it will be better if one defines the line from where the file is to be edited. pizza 10:18AM me % ls -li static.key ^inode 5. Find out which condition will return less values and use that as the first conditonal. Q: What is Data Mining A: Data Minig is the process of sifting through extremeley .zsh.$s/string/newstring/g where n can be the line number from where the string is to be modified or replaced.2 me me 636 Dec 18 2005 foo 1171062 -rw——.key foo 1171062 -rw——.2 me me 636 Dec 18 2005 static.

Session. within explorer A: NFS. Presentation. How do you find out which ball is the heaviest? A: Split into groups of three.large amounts of Data to find trends or relevent information. Only the intended reciepent should be able to decrypt the packets. Q: Name the Seven layers in the OSI Model. Dyanmic Host Configuration Protocol Q: What is HTTP Tunneling A: HTTP Tunneling is a security method that encryptes packets traveling throught the internet. You have two chances to use a balance. A: Unix. If one group is heavier. Phyiscal Q: What is one way to view a unix network share on a Windows computer. (VPN) Q: Scenario: You have 9 identical looking balls. Network. is ps -ef or ps -aux depending on version. randomly choose two groups and use balance on them. A: Appication. however one ball is heavier than the others. Q: What is DHCP A: DHCP is a way to dynamically assign IP address to computers. Can be used to Create Virtual Private Networks. Data Link. Q: How would you find all the processes running on your computer. Transport. then discard the other 6 balls. If the two groups are the same . The Unix computer can be running a NFS Server Daemon.

weight. Now randomly choose two balls and test on balance. Else the heaviest ball is already known from the balance. DBA interview questions Embedded systems interview questions | One Response to “Unix sysadmin interview questions” 1. The heavier ball must be in the group that was not on the scale. Categories: Unix/Linux | SQL Server. 2006 12:04 pm I was asked on an interview What are the 5 layers in ftp what does netstat do give 3 examples how do you see what activity is happening on your server what file contains the domain name what happens when you issue an init command what editor do you use what shell do you use what is your favorite shell . Keith Said: March 8th. If they are the same weight. the heaviest ball is on one that was not tested.

. What is a router? What is a gateway? Routers are machines that direct a packet through the maze of networks that stand between its source and destination.Interview questions for tech companies Networking and Unix interview questions What is UTP? UTP — Unshielded twisted pair 10BASE-T is the preferred Ethernet medium of the 90s. It is based on a star topology and provides a number of advantages over coaxial media: It uses inexpensive. Busy waiting wastes CPU cycles. where a single CPU is shared among many processes.TechInterviews. UTP wire is much easier to install and debug than coax. which are cheap and reliable. Normally a router is used for internal networks while a gateway acts a door for the packet to reach the ‘outside’ of the internal network What is Semaphore? What is deadlock? Semaphore is a synchronization tool to solve criticalsection problem. readily available copper phone wire. It will create problems in a multiprogramming system. UTP uses RG-45 connectors. can be used to control access to the critical section for a process or thread.com . The main disadvantage (same of mutual-exclusion) is require busy waiting.

It is responsible . What is Virtual Memory? Virtual memory is a technique that allows the execution of processes that may not be completely in memory. high-level programming interface. A separation of user logical memory from physical memory allows an extremely large virtual memory to be provided for programmers when only a smaller physical memory is available. A demand paging system is similar to a paging system with swapping. When we want to execute a process. Processes reside on secondary memory (which is usually a disk). The implementation of a semaphore with a waiting queue may result in this situation. It is commonly implemented by demand paging. we swap it into memory. What are the layers? What does it mean to say they are layers? A UNIX system has essentially three main layers: � The hardware � The operating system kernel � The user-level programs The kernel hides the system’s hardware underneath an abstract.Deadlock is a situation when two or more processes are waiting indefinitely for an event that can be caused by only one of the waiting processes. Explain the layered aspect of a UNIX system.

2004 12:51 pm best site 2. protected address space) � Signals and semaphores � Virtual Memory (swapping.for implementing many of the facilities that users and userlevel programs take for granted. paging. directories. gagan Said: April 1st. namespace) � Pipes and network connections (inter-process communication) Categories: Networking | JSP interview questions Unix/Linux administration interview questions | 3 Responses to “Networking and Unix interview questions” 1. what is UTP. and mapping) � The filesystem (files. The kernel assembles all of the following UNIX concepts from lower-level hardware features: � Processes (time-sharing. it should say RJ-45 instead of RG-45 . andy Said: July 14th. 2004 7:05 pm in question one.

. Anonymous Said: July 15th. 2004 12:06 am very very useful to interviews.thankyou.3.